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Study sets matching "in psychology introduction research"

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Study sets matching "in psychology introduction research"

70 terms
Introduction to Psychology, Research Psychology
Psychology
Psychology's etymology
Selective Attention
Bystander Effect
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
psyche (soul, spirit, breath) + logos (study, science, logic,…
shows how people's focus can be divided despite
shows how responsibility can be distributed among all the peo…
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Psychology's etymology
psyche (soul, spirit, breath) + logos (study, science, logic,…
91 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
experimental psychology
view that knowledge originates in experience and science shou…
seeks to describe and understand brain and experiences... struct…
why do i have emotions and experiences?... to explain why i have…
study of behavior and thinking using experimental method
empiricism
view that knowledge originates in experience and science shou…
structuralism
seeks to describe and understand brain and experiences... struct…
53 terms
Introduction Psychology and Research Methods
SQ4R Method
What is psychology?
Common sense beliefs are often
The best psychological information is…
Survey, question, read, recite, relate, review
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Vague, inconsistent, and based on limited observations
Empirical evidence
SQ4R Method
Survey, question, read, recite, relate, review
What is psychology?
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
25 terms
Introduction to Psychology / Research Methods
Psychology
Scientific Method
Philosophy
Empirical Evidence
The scientific investigation of mental processes (thinking, r…
a method of procedure such as systematic observation, measure…
A discipline that tries to understand the mind and behaviour…
Empirical evidence is data or evidence that is acquired throu…
Psychology
The scientific investigation of mental processes (thinking, r…
Scientific Method
a method of procedure such as systematic observation, measure…
10 terms
The Research Enterprise in Psychology - Introduction
Which of the following is an advantage…
Which of the following is a concern re…
Experimentation methods have more ethi…
An experiment can have more than one i…
They offer few concerns regarding ethics and provide quick, q…
The research subjects may react to the observer.
True
True
Which of the following is an advantage…
They offer few concerns regarding ethics and provide quick, q…
Which of the following is a concern re…
The research subjects may react to the observer.
18 terms
Introduction to research psychology
scientific method
theories
research
operationalization
A hypothesis is formed, it is tested out with an experiment,…
a widely accepted idea that is backed by evidence
an investigation to find facts
the process of forming an experiment to test a hypothesis
scientific method
A hypothesis is formed, it is tested out with an experiment,…
theories
a widely accepted idea that is backed by evidence
Introduction to Research Psychology
Tenacity
Institution
Authority
Rationalism
From habit or superstition
From a hunch or feeling
From an expert
From reasoning; a logical conclusion
Tenacity
From habit or superstition
Institution
From a hunch or feeling
113 terms
Psychology: Introduction and Research Methods
Difference between hard and soft science
Psychology definition
critical thinking definition
mental processes vs. behavior
how directly we can measure the results... -better measure= hard…
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes... -psyche…
the process of objectively evaluating, comparing, analyzing,…
mental processes (feelings, thoughts, memories) cannot be dir…
Difference between hard and soft science
how directly we can measure the results... -better measure= hard…
Psychology definition
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes... -psyche…
13 terms
Introduction to Psychology & Research Methods
What is psychology?
What are the goals of psychology?
Who is the father of psychology?
Structuralism
The scientific of behavior and mental processes.
To describe, understand, predict, and control behavior.
Welhelm Wundt
Welhelm Wundt
What is psychology?
The scientific of behavior and mental processes.
What are the goals of psychology?
To describe, understand, predict, and control behavior.
30 terms
Introduction to Psychological Research
Empiricism
Structuralism (Titchener)
Functionalism (James)
Experimental Psychology
The view that knowledge originates in experiences and that sc…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of Psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
The study of behavior and thinking using the experiment metho…
Empiricism
The view that knowledge originates in experiences and that sc…
Structuralism (Titchener)
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
8 terms
Introduction into Psychological Research
Naturalistic observation
What are the advantages of naturalisti…
what are the cons of naturalistic obse…
Case study
systematic study of animal or human behavior in natural setti…
behavior is observed in everyday life and is more natural, sp…
cannot be controlled by the researcher, observation bias: we…
intensive description and analysis of a single individual or…
Naturalistic observation
systematic study of animal or human behavior in natural setti…
What are the advantages of naturalisti…
behavior is observed in everyday life and is more natural, sp…
71 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research
Psychology
Interactive Dualism
Nature vs Nurture
Physiology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Doctrine of Rene' Descartes; Idea that the mind and body are…
Heredity versus natural factors although psychologists believ…
The study of the functions of the body with respect to form.
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Interactive Dualism
Doctrine of Rene' Descartes; Idea that the mind and body are…
19 terms
Psychology introduction and research methods
Psychology
Psychodynamic
Behavioral
Humanistic
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Continued emphasis on unconscious motives and childhood exper…
How does the environment have an effect on the way you behave.
Free will, self determined.
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Psychodynamic
Continued emphasis on unconscious motives and childhood exper…
86 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods
Psychology
Scientific Observation
Research Method
Animal Models
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
An empirical investigation structured to answer questions abo…
A systematic approach to answering scientific questions.
In research, an animal whose behavior is used to derive princ…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Scientific Observation
An empirical investigation structured to answer questions abo…
86 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods
Psychology
Scientific Observation
Research Method
Animal Models
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
An empirical investigation structured to answer questions abo…
A systematic approach to answering scientific questions.
In research, an animal whose behavior is used to derive princ…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Scientific Observation
An empirical investigation structured to answer questions abo…
29 terms
introduction to psychological research
Reliable
Validity
Sampling method
Opportunity
is the data consistent throughout the experiment
Is the researcher measuring what they intended to measure
A method of selecting a group of participants for an experiment
Using any participants that are available to take part in res…
Reliable
is the data consistent throughout the experiment
Validity
Is the researcher measuring what they intended to measure
25 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods
Which major force in psychology emphas…
After an experiment, research particip…
Contemporary psychology is best define…
The neuroscience perspective in psycho…
Freduian psychology
...
behavior and mental processes
blood chemistry
Which major force in psychology emphas…
Freduian psychology
After an experiment, research particip…
...
21 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods
What person is generally recognized as…
with what perspective was John B. Wats…
what is the hindsight understanding? N…
what is the difference between basic a…
Wilhelm wundt
Behaviorists... behaviorism believes that science is rooted in o…
understanding what has happened and why it happened. hindsigh…
Applied research is research that seeks to answer a question…
What person is generally recognized as…
Wilhelm wundt
with what perspective was John B. Wats…
Behaviorists... behaviorism believes that science is rooted in o…
32 terms
Chapter 1 - Introduction to Research in Psychology
tradition
intuition
authority
personal experience
accepting an idea as truth because it has been accepted for s…
founded on a feeling, "just know," gut instinct, believe true…
accepting idea as true because claimed to be so by source we…
believe true because experienced it
tradition
accepting an idea as truth because it has been accepted for s…
intuition
founded on a feeling, "just know," gut instinct, believe true…
41 terms
Introduction into Psychological Research
Goals of scientific theory
Ways of knowning
The scientific approach
what is Pseudoscience?
1. Describe behavior... 2. Predict behavior... 3. Explain behavior…
Intitution ... Authority... evidence
1) Theoretically grownded... 2) skeptical of intitution, athorit…
Claims to be scientific but are vague and appeal to preconcie…
Goals of scientific theory
1. Describe behavior... 2. Predict behavior... 3. Explain behavior…
Ways of knowning
Intitution ... Authority... evidence
41 terms
Chapter 1 - Introduction: Modern Research in Cognitive Psychology
What two aspects of research apply to…
Cognitive psychologist think of the pr…
What is the biggest challenge of resea…
What research does the book uses to il…
1. how research progresses from one question to another... 2. th…
following a trail in which one thing leads to another
picking the right questions
Sian Beilock's research on the problem of "chocking under pre…
What two aspects of research apply to…
1. how research progresses from one question to another... 2. th…
Cognitive psychologist think of the pr…
following a trail in which one thing leads to another
117 terms
IB Psychology - Introduction Research Methods
Psychology
Aim
Internal Validity
External Validity
The science or study of the mind and behaviour. The way a per…
Purpose of the experiment. What the researcher is trying to f…
The extent to which you are able to say that no other variabl…
The extent to which your research results apply to more than…
Psychology
The science or study of the mind and behaviour. The way a per…
Aim
Purpose of the experiment. What the researcher is trying to f…
20 terms
Psychology Ch1 Introduction & Research
Wilhelm Wundt ... (1832-1920)
Edward Titchener... (1867-1927)
William James... (1842-1910)
2 Main Themes of Functionalism
- A German Dr Physiologist;... - "Founder of Psychology"... - Estab…
- A British Psychologist ... - "Founder of Structuralism" ... - Est…
- A main proponent of American Psychology ... - "Founded Functio…
- 1: Adaptive role of Behavior ... - 2: Psychology to enhance hu…
Wilhelm Wundt ... (1832-1920)
- A German Dr Physiologist;... - "Founder of Psychology"... - Estab…
Edward Titchener... (1867-1927)
- A British Psychologist ... - "Founder of Structuralism" ... - Est…
44 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Introduction and Methods of Research
psychological disorder
abnormal psychology
medical model
trephination
a pattern of abnormal behavior that is associated with states…
the branch of psychology that studies abnormal behavior and w…
a biological perspective in which abnormal behavior is viewed…
a harsh prehistoric practice of cutting a hole in a person's…
psychological disorder
a pattern of abnormal behavior that is associated with states…
abnormal psychology
the branch of psychology that studies abnormal behavior and w…
Psychology -research methods -introduction to psychology -biological psychology
Scientific Method
7 Steps of Psychological Research
Sample
Population
A procedual approach to collecting and analysing data
1. Investigation of problem... 2. Hypothesis ... 3. Method... 4. Colle…
A subsection of a larger population
The entire group of research interest
Scientific Method
A procedual approach to collecting and analysing data
7 Steps of Psychological Research
1. Investigation of problem... 2. Hypothesis ... 3. Method... 4. Colle…
21 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods #3
Triangulation
Deductive approach
Inductive approach
Subjective
researchers combining qualitative and quantitative methods in…
a hypothesis tested against empirical evidence so it can reje…
researcher does not define variables in advance, instead they…
Element acknowledged by researcher in an active engagement of…
Triangulation
researchers combining qualitative and quantitative methods in…
Deductive approach
a hypothesis tested against empirical evidence so it can reje…
22 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods #1
Aim
Target Population
Procedure
Findings
The purpose of the study
The group whose behaviour the researcher wishes to investigate
The step-by-step process used by the researcher to carry out…
How the researcher interpreted the data collected
Aim
The purpose of the study
Target Population
The group whose behaviour the researcher wishes to investigate
18 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods #2
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Experimental hypothesis
Control condition
variable that is manipulated, while trying to keep the others…
variable measured after the manipulation of the independent v…
predicts relationship between IV and DV, what is expected wil…
compare 2 conditions, condition experimental one is being com…
Independent Variable
variable that is manipulated, while trying to keep the others…
Dependent Variable
variable measured after the manipulation of the independent v…
20 terms
Chapter 1 - Introduction to psychology and research methods
Psychology
Scientific observation
Psychologist goals
Research method
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
An empirical investigations trusted to answer questions about…
Description, understanding, prediction, control
A systematic approach to answering scientific question
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Scientific observation
An empirical investigations trusted to answer questions about…
41 terms
Psychology -research methods -introduction to psychology -biological psychology
Scientific Method
7 Steps of Psychological Research
Sample
Population
A procedual approach to collecting and analysing data
1. Investigation of problem... 2. Hypothesis ... 3. Method... 4. Colle…
A subsection of a larger population
The entire group of research interest
Scientific Method
A procedual approach to collecting and analysing data
7 Steps of Psychological Research
1. Investigation of problem... 2. Hypothesis ... 3. Method... 4. Colle…
64 terms
Introduction and Research AP Psychology Vocabulary
Psychology
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Science of behavior and mental processes.
View that knowledge comes from experience through the senses,…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
School of psychology that focused on how mental/behavioral pr…
Psychology
Science of behavior and mental processes.
Empiricism
View that knowledge comes from experience through the senses,…
Psychology Unit 1: Introduction and Research
Empirical Methods
Systematic Observation
Code of Ethics
Ethics
Approaches to inquiry that are tied to actual measurement and…
The careful observation of the natural world with the aim of…
...
Professional guidelines that offer researchers a template for…
Empirical Methods
Approaches to inquiry that are tied to actual measurement and…
Systematic Observation
The careful observation of the natural world with the aim of…
44 terms
Topic 1: Introduction to Psychological Research
Non-scientific knowledge
Scientific knowledge
Hypothesis
Theory
Gathers knowledge through non-scientific analysis. Examples i…
Meets the tenets of scientific analysis.
Testable statement or prediction of the outcome of a study.
Organized set of descriptions or models used to explain a phe…
Non-scientific knowledge
Gathers knowledge through non-scientific analysis. Examples i…
Scientific knowledge
Meets the tenets of scientific analysis.
29 terms
Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology & Research Methods
What is the scope of contemporary psyc…
What roles did Wundt and James play in…
What were the early schools of thought…
Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)
The scope is broad, it ranges from the behavior of a single b…
Wilhelm Wundt is a german physiologist credited as being the…
Structuralism and Functionalism. Structuralism was the first…
German physiologist credited as being the founder of psycholo…
What is the scope of contemporary psyc…
The scope is broad, it ranges from the behavior of a single b…
What roles did Wundt and James play in…
Wilhelm Wundt is a german physiologist credited as being the…
33 terms
Sociology and Psychology Introduction: Research Methods
Sociology
Sociologist
Sociological Imagination
Augustes Contes
The scientific study of human society and social behavior. It…
A sociologist's primary frame of reference is the groups to w…
The understanding all aspects of society so we can more fully…
Is generally credited with being the founder of Sociology.
Sociology
The scientific study of human society and social behavior. It…
Sociologist
A sociologist's primary frame of reference is the groups to w…
56 terms
Psychology Chp. 1: Research and Introduction
Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Psychoanalysis
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Early school of psychology that emphasized studying the most…
Early school of psychology that emphasized studying the purpo…
Personality theory and form of psychotherapy that emphasizes…
Psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Structuralism
Early school of psychology that emphasized studying the most…
37 terms
Introduction to Social Psychology & Research Methods
Social Psychology
Gordon Alport's Definition of Social P…
ABCs + of Social Psychology
Related Fields; Sociology, Clinical, P…
The study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in a soc…
The study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in the a…
Affect - Emotions, mood... Behavior - Verbal & non-verbal action…
Sociology - Study of society, social institutions and social…
Social Psychology
The study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in a soc…
Gordon Alport's Definition of Social P…
The study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in the a…
11 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods and Statistics
Structuralism
Functionalism
Gestalt
Psychoanalysis
The study of the basic elements that make up conscious mental…
The study of the function of consciousness.
An organized whole that is perceived as more than the sum of…
An insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconsciou…
Structuralism
The study of the basic elements that make up conscious mental…
Functionalism
The study of the function of consciousness.
26 terms
Introduction/History of Psychology & Research Methods
Psychology
Humanistic
Cognitive
Behavioral
The science study of behavior and mental processes
Positive Growth
How we think or encode information
Focuses on our observable behaviors, rewards and punishments
Psychology
The science study of behavior and mental processes
Humanistic
Positive Growth
23 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Methods of Research 1.1 Vocab
psychology
psychophysics
introspection
structuralism
the science of behavior and mental processes
the study of relationships between features of physical stimu…
inward focusing on mental experiences, such as sensations or…
the school of psychology that attempts to understand the stru…
psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes
psychophysics
the study of relationships between features of physical stimu…
21 terms
Introduction to Psychology and Methods of Research 1.2 Vocab
basic research
applied research
experimental psychologists
comparative psychologists
research focused on acquiring knowledge even if such knowledg…
research that attempts to find solutions to specific problems
psychologists who apply experimental methods to the study of…
psychologists who study behavioral similarities and differenc…
basic research
research focused on acquiring knowledge even if such knowledg…
applied research
research that attempts to find solutions to specific problems
85 terms
Intro to Psych: 1. Introduction to Psychology & Research Methods
Animal model
Anthropomorphic error
Barnum effect
Behaviorism
In research, an animal whose behavior is used to derive princ…
The error of attributing human thoughts, feelings, or motives…
The tendency to consider a personal description accurate if i…
School of psychology that emphasizes the study of overt, obse…
Animal model
In research, an animal whose behavior is used to derive princ…
Anthropomorphic error
The error of attributing human thoughts, feelings, or motives…
55 terms
Intro to Psych: 1. Introduction to Psychology & Research Methods
Behaviorism
Biased sample
Biological perspective
Case study
School of psychology that emphasizes the study of overt, obse…
A subpart of a larger population that does not accurately ref…
The attempt to explain behavior in terms of underlying biolog…
An in-depth focus on all aspects of a single person.
Behaviorism
School of psychology that emphasizes the study of overt, obse…
Biased sample
A subpart of a larger population that does not accurately ref…
92 terms
Introduction to Psychological Research Psy 230- Stage
The samples were randomly selected fro…
When you want to represent groups of d…
Multistage sampling is a more complex…
Methods requiring inferential statisti…
What is the assumption made when using inferential statistics?
Stratified sampling is used ____.
What is the difference between cluster and multistage sampling?
Random sampling, systematic sampling, and multistage sampling…
The samples were randomly selected fro…
What is the assumption made when using inferential statistics?
When you want to represent groups of d…
Stratified sampling is used ____.
60 terms
Chapter 1 & 2 Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods
psychology
physiological
cognitive
describe, explain, predict, influence
the scientific study of behavior that is tested through scien…
having to do with an organism's physical process
having to do with an organism's thinking and understanding
goals of psychology
psychology
the scientific study of behavior that is tested through scien…
physiological
having to do with an organism's physical process
61 terms
Psychology Chapter 1 Introduction and Research Methods
psychology
structuralism
functionalism
psychoanalysis
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
early school of psychology that emphasized studying the most…
early school of psychology that emphasized studying the purpo…
personality theory and form of psychotherapy that emphasizes…
psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
structuralism
early school of psychology that emphasized studying the most…
20 terms
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY AND RESEARCH METHODS
SOCIAL SCIENCE
PSYCHOLOGY
GOALS OF PSYCHOLOGY
EMPRICAL EVIDENCE
The systematic study of people.
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
To describe, understand, predict, and control behavior.
Facts or information gathered based on direct observation or…
SOCIAL SCIENCE
The systematic study of people.
PSYCHOLOGY
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
20 terms
Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 1: Introduction and Research Methods
Psychological Disorders
Abnormal Psychology
Define Abnormality
Who determines what is normal?
patterns of abnormal behaviors associated with distress, impa…
field that studies abnormal behavior and ways to help people…
1-Unusualness... 2-Social Deviance... 3-Faulty perceptions or inter…
Abnormality depends on the culture- what is normal in some cu…
Psychological Disorders
patterns of abnormal behaviors associated with distress, impa…
Abnormal Psychology
field that studies abnormal behavior and ways to help people…
41 terms
Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology & Its Research Methods
Psychology
Pseudopsychologies
Psychology's Four Goals: Description
Psychology's Four Goals: Explanation
The scientific study of behavior & mental processes.
Systems of explaining human behavior that are not based on or…
Tells "what" occured.
Tells "why" a behavior or mental process occurred.
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior & mental processes.
Pseudopsychologies
Systems of explaining human behavior that are not based on or…
10 terms
Psychology chapter 1: introduction & research methods
Psycology
Description
Explanation
Prediction
Is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Of behaving using careful observations
Involves identifying the cause (s) of behavior- why it happened
Allows for specification of the conditions under which a beha…
Psycology
Is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Description
Of behaving using careful observations
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