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Study sets matching "in psychology research methods psyo"

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Study sets matching "in psychology research methods psyo"

188 terms
PSYO2000- Methods in Experimental Psychology
Who said this: "Science is a set of me…
Who said this: "An interconnected seri…
What does "fruitful" mean in accordanc…
Scientific explanations are empirical,…
Borden & Abbott
Harrington
A heuristic value of science. The more you study something, y…
"Show me the data" and control. You experienced it, and you c…
Who said this: "Science is a set of me…
Borden & Abbott
Who said this: "An interconnected seri…
Harrington
33 terms
PSYO 348: Chapter 1 - Research Methods
That is a theory?
What must a theory be?
What is a variable?
What is an Independent variable?
A tentative explanation of why and under what circumstances a…
1. Clearly stated... 2. Synthesizing know facts... 3. Relating info…
Any measurable characteristic of people, objects or events th…
The variable you manipulate
That is a theory?
A tentative explanation of why and under what circumstances a…
What must a theory be?
1. Clearly stated... 2. Synthesizing know facts... 3. Relating info…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
32 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
27 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
33 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
39 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
Ethics
Debriefing
Informed Consent
Withdrawal Rights
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
Wherever possible, participants must be appropriately informe…
The experimenter must inform participants of procedures to be…
Ethics
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
Debriefing
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
22 terms
Research in Psychology: Experimental Methods
aim
independent variable (IV)
dependent variable (DV)
operationalized
to have a specified goal or purpose
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
The variable measured to determine if it changes as a result…
Clearly defining a research variable so that it can be measured
aim
to have a specified goal or purpose
independent variable (IV)
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
34 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
Interview
Questionaire
Negative Correlation
Positive Correlation
allow observation of the subject
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
Interview
allow observation of the subject
Questionaire
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
18 terms
AQA Psychology Research Methods
Validity
Internal validity
External validity
Population validity
The extent to which a study measures what it is telling us th…
How certain we are that any differences in the results we col…
A measure of whether the results obtained by studying a sampl…
A measure of whether the sample of people who took part in th…
Validity
The extent to which a study measures what it is telling us th…
Internal validity
How certain we are that any differences in the results we col…
32 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
145 terms
AQA Psychology - Research Methods
Self-report techniques
Questionnaire
Strengths of questionnaires
Weaknesses of questionnaires
Any method in which a person is asked to state or explain the…
A set of written questions (sometimes called items) used to a…
+ Cost effective... + Can gather large amounts of data quickly... +…
- Can produce response bias... - P.ps may misunderstand the ques…
Self-report techniques
Any method in which a person is asked to state or explain the…
Questionnaire
A set of written questions (sometimes called items) used to a…
34 terms
Psychology Review - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Psychology Research Methods
Critical Thinking
Hypothesis
Replication
Case Study
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
An observation technique in which one person is studied in de…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
41 terms
Psychology Research Methods
Hypothesis
Case Study
Subjects
Scatterplot
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
In depth examination to single person or group
Participants in experiment
a graphed cluster of dots
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Case Study
In depth examination to single person or group
111 terms
Psychology AS: Research Methods
Ethical guidelines
Presumptive consent
Directional hypothesis
Non-directional hypothesis
Concrete, quasi-legal documents that help to guide conduct wi…
A method of dealing with lack of informed consent or deceptio…
States the direction of a difference or correlation
Predicting that there will be a difference between two condit…
Ethical guidelines
Concrete, quasi-legal documents that help to guide conduct wi…
Presumptive consent
A method of dealing with lack of informed consent or deceptio…
36 terms
Psychology Research Methods
Scientific Method
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definitions
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study; a s…
Specific descriptions of concepts involving the conditions of…
Scientific Method
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
Theory
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
38 terms
Psychology: Research Methods
Experimental method
Aim
Hypothesis
Directional hypothesis
involves the manipulation of an IV to measure the effect on t…
A general statement of what the researcher intends to investi…
An informed, precise & testable statement of the relationship…
States the direction of the difference or relationship.
Experimental method
involves the manipulation of an IV to measure the effect on t…
Aim
A general statement of what the researcher intends to investi…
31 terms
Psychology- Research Methods in Psychology
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Naturalistic Observation
External validity
specific prediction that can be falsified (testable)
precise description of how a variable in a study will be obse…
observe behavior in real life setting
results observed can be generalized to other people/situations
Hypothesis
specific prediction that can be falsified (testable)
Operational Definition
precise description of how a variable in a study will be obse…
30 terms
AP Psychology: Research Methods
Hindsight bias
Critical thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
38 terms
psychology research methods
experiment
theory
null hypothesis
confounding/extraneous variable
a research method in which the researcher manipulates and con…
general framework for scientific study
statement that no difference exists between two conditions in…
a variable other than the ind. variable that could produce a…
experiment
a research method in which the researcher manipulates and con…
theory
general framework for scientific study
14 terms
psychology research methods
critical thinking
naturalistic observation
case study
positive correlation
making judgments based on reason and logical evaluation
observing behavior as it happens in real-life natural setting…
a detailed description of a particular individual being studi…
a study that indicates that students who study more have high…
critical thinking
making judgments based on reason and logical evaluation
naturalistic observation
observing behavior as it happens in real-life natural setting…
38 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
basic research
applied research
case study
control group
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
scientific investigation in which a single subject is studied…
subjects in an experiment who do not receive application of t…
basic research
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
applied research
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
46 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Mean
Median
Mode
Standard Deviation
The average in a set of numbers
The middle number in a set of numbers
Most frequently re-occuring number in a set of numbers
Used to show and measure the variation in data
Mean
The average in a set of numbers
Median
The middle number in a set of numbers
19 terms
Psychology Research Methods
subject
random sample
stratified sample
naturalistic observation
person or animal being studied
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
sample that adequately reflected the various groups and varia…
observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
subject
person or animal being studied
random sample
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
30 terms
DP Psychology Research Methods
Research Method
Experiment
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
a particular way of conducting research to gain valid and rel…
used to test a cause-effect relationship between variables un…
a variable which is systematically manipulated, changed or va…
the variable that is observed or measured and expected to cha…
Research Method
a particular way of conducting research to gain valid and rel…
Experiment
used to test a cause-effect relationship between variables un…
13 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
Interview
Questionaire
Experimental Group
Cross Sectional
allow observation of the subject
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
participants who are exposed to the independent variable
data is collected from groups of participants of different ag…
Interview
allow observation of the subject
Questionaire
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
37 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
Theories
Hypothesis
Replication
Independent variable (IV)
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
repetition of the methods used in a previous experiment to se…
the factor the researcher manipulates in a controlled experim…
Theories
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
Hypothesis
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
48 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
basic research
applied research
case study
control group
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
scientific investigation in which a single subject is studied…
subjects in an experiment who do not receive application of t…
basic research
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
applied research
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
32 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Hypothesis
-Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many othe…
-Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical probl…
-Research that explores questions that are of interest to psy…
-A statement that expresses a relationship between two variab…
Hindsight Bias
-Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many othe…
Applied Research
-Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical probl…
20 terms
fp psychology research methods
Pearson
Unrelated
Chi-squared
Wilcoxon
Parametric, interval, looking for correlations, repeated meas…
Parametric, interval, looking for differences, independent de…
Non-parametric, nominal, looking for differences or associati…
Non-parametric, ordinal, looking for differences, repeated me…
Pearson
Parametric, interval, looking for correlations, repeated meas…
Unrelated
Parametric, interval, looking for differences, independent de…
AP Psychology: Research Methods
experimental
Negative or inverse
explanatory variable
representative
The only type of research that allows us to draw causal concl…
If achievement test scores go down as number of hours spent w…
In an experiment studying the effects of a new antidepressant…
If your research sample resembles the population to which you…
experimental
The only type of research that allows us to draw causal concl…
Negative or inverse
If achievement test scores go down as number of hours spent w…
37 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
Theories
Hypothesis
Replication
Independent variable (IV)
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
repetition of the methods used in a previous experiment to se…
the factor the researcher manipulates in a controlled experim…
Theories
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
Hypothesis
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
91 terms
AP Psychology (Research Methods)
field experiments
Basic research
Scientific method
Applied research
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
A general approach to gathering information and answering que…
One of the two main types of research, conducted specifically…
field experiments
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
Basic research
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
27 terms
Psychology: Research Methods
Self-report
Examples of self-report
Experiment
Observation
data directly collected from participants about how they thin…
questionnaires and interviews
A study which is highly controlled and has an independent var…
Watching how participants behave in a certain situation, in a…
Self-report
data directly collected from participants about how they thin…
Examples of self-report
questionnaires and interviews
17 terms
IB Psychology Research Methods
Quantitative Data
Qualitative Data
Strengths of Qualitative data
Limitations of Qualitative Data
Numerical, Objective, Deductive data
Rich, thick, textural data. More subjective than quantitative…
Real life setting, not created in a laboratory. It can help t…
It creates a large amount of data, meaning it is time consumi…
Quantitative Data
Numerical, Objective, Deductive data
Qualitative Data
Rich, thick, textural data. More subjective than quantitative…
31 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of how you will measure the variables in your stu…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
18 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
114 terms
Psychology - Research Methods
Research Methods
Lab experiment
Field experiment
Quasi experiment
1. Lab experiment... 2. Field experiment ... 3. Quasi experiment
an experiment conducted in a controlled environment and the c…
conducted where you would expect to see the behavior occur wi…
when the IV is naturally occurring, the researcher hasn't man…
Research Methods
1. Lab experiment... 2. Field experiment ... 3. Quasi experiment
Lab experiment
an experiment conducted in a controlled environment and the c…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
23 terms
Psychology: Research Terms and Methods
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Experimental Group
Control Group
used in Psychology experiments to confirm hypothesis
statement of expected results. Can be proved or disproved thr…
Group receiving the independent variable
Group that does not receive the independent variable
Scientific Method
used in Psychology experiments to confirm hypothesis
Hypothesis
statement of expected results. Can be proved or disproved thr…
149 terms
Research Methods - Psychology AS
The environment is well controlled.... It…
- Easier to replicate due to standardi…
- Artificial settings may produce arti…
The IV is not directly manipulated.... Ca…
Lab Experiment
Strengths of a lab experiment?
Weaknesses of a lab experiment?
Natural experiment
The environment is well controlled.... It…
Lab Experiment
- Easier to replicate due to standardi…
Strengths of a lab experiment?
10 terms
Psychology Research Methods
subject
random sample
stratified sample
naturalistic observation
person or animal being studied
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
sample that adequately reflected the various groups and varia…
observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
subject
person or animal being studied
random sample
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
32 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
124 terms
AS Psychology- research methods
Aim
Independent variable (IV)
Dependent variable (DV)
Extraneous variables
A statement that describes the purpose of a study.
The variable the experimenter can change between conditions
The variable that the experimenter measures.
Any variable not controlled in a study that could affect the…
Aim
A statement that describes the purpose of a study.
Independent variable (IV)
The variable the experimenter can change between conditions
43 terms
AP Psychology (Research Methods)
field experiments
Basic research
Scientific method
Applied research
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
A general approach to gathering information and answering que…
One of the two main types of research, conducted specifically…
field experiments
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
Basic research
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
69 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
research method
sample
population
research hypothesis
a particular way of conducting a research study or investigat…
smaller group of research participants selected from a larger…
the entire group of research interest from which a sample is…
a testable prediction of the relationship between two or more…
research method
a particular way of conducting a research study or investigat…
sample
smaller group of research participants selected from a larger…
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