Study sets matching "in psychology research methods psyo"

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Study sets matching "in psychology research methods psyo"

188 terms
PSYO2000- Methods in Experimental Psychology
Who said this: "Science is a set of me…
Who said this: "An interconnected seri…
What does "fruitful" mean in accordanc…
Scientific explanations are empirical,…
Borden & Abbott
Harrington
A heuristic value of science. The more you study something, y…
"Show me the data" and control. You experienced it, and you c…
Who said this: "Science is a set of me…
Borden & Abbott
Who said this: "An interconnected seri…
Harrington
PSYO 348: Chapter 1 - Research Methods
That is a theory?
What must a theory be?
What is a variable?
What is an Independent variable?
A tentative explanation of why and under what circumstances a…
1. Clearly stated... 2. Synthesizing know facts... 3. Relating info…
Any measurable characteristic of people, objects or events th…
The variable you manipulate
That is a theory?
A tentative explanation of why and under what circumstances a…
What must a theory be?
1. Clearly stated... 2. Synthesizing know facts... 3. Relating info…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
27 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Research Methods in Psychology
Ethics
Debriefing
Informed Consent
Withdrawal Rights
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
Wherever possible, participants must be appropriately informe…
The experimenter must inform participants of procedures to be…
Ethics
a set of moral principles by which human behaviour may be jud…
Debriefing
at the completion of a study, providing participants with ful…
33 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
22 terms
Research in Psychology: Experimental Methods
aim
independent variable (IV)
dependent variable (DV)
operationalized
to have a specified goal or purpose
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
The variable measured to determine if it changes as a result…
Clearly defining a research variable so that it can be measured
aim
to have a specified goal or purpose
independent variable (IV)
The manipulated variable. The variable that you (I) can contr…
34 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
Interview
Questionaire
Negative Correlation
Positive Correlation
allow observation of the subject
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
Interview
allow observation of the subject
Questionaire
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
41 terms
Psychology Research Methods
Hypothesis
Case Study
Subjects
Scatterplot
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
In depth examination to single person or group
Participants in experiment
a graphed cluster of dots
Hypothesis
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Case Study
In depth examination to single person or group
31 terms
Psychology- Research Methods in Psychology
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Naturalistic Observation
External validity
specific prediction that can be falsified (testable)
precise description of how a variable in a study will be obse…
observe behavior in real life setting
results observed can be generalized to other people/situations
Hypothesis
specific prediction that can be falsified (testable)
Operational Definition
precise description of how a variable in a study will be obse…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
36 terms
Psychology Research Methods
Scientific Method
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definitions
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study; a s…
Specific descriptions of concepts involving the conditions of…
Scientific Method
A five step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
Theory
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations. In…
23 terms
Psychology: Research Terms and Methods
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Experimental Group
Control Group
used in Psychology experiments to confirm hypothesis
statement of expected results. Can be proved or disproved thr…
Group receiving the independent variable
Group that does not receive the independent variable
Scientific Method
used in Psychology experiments to confirm hypothesis
Hypothesis
statement of expected results. Can be proved or disproved thr…
30 terms
AP Psychology: Research Methods
Hindsight bias
Critical thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Hypothesis
-Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many othe…
-Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical probl…
-Research that explores questions that are of interest to psy…
-A statement that expresses a relationship between two variab…
Hindsight Bias
-Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many othe…
Applied Research
-Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical probl…
19 terms
Psychology Research Methods
subject
random sample
stratified sample
naturalistic observation
person or animal being studied
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
sample that adequately reflected the various groups and varia…
observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situa…
subject
person or animal being studied
random sample
a sample that fairly represents a population because each mem…
37 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
Theories
Hypothesis
Replication
Independent variable (IV)
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
repetition of the methods used in a previous experiment to se…
the factor the researcher manipulates in a controlled experim…
Theories
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
Hypothesis
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
38 terms
AP Psychology Research Methods
basic research
applied research
case study
control group
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
scientific investigation in which a single subject is studied…
subjects in an experiment who do not receive application of t…
basic research
scientific investigations intended to expand the knowledge base
applied research
scientific investigations intended to solve practical problems
AP Psychology Research Methods
Theories
Hypothesis
Replication
Independent variable (IV)
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
repetition of the methods used in a previous experiment to se…
the factor the researcher manipulates in a controlled experim…
Theories
organized sets of concepts that explain phenomena
Hypothesis
prediction of how two or more factors are likely to be related
IB Psychology Research Methods
Quantitative Data
Qualitative Data
Strengths of Qualitative data
Limitations of Qualitative Data
Numerical, Objective, Deductive data
Rich, thick, textural data. More subjective than quantitative…
Real life setting, not created in a laboratory. It can help t…
It creates a large amount of data, meaning it is time consumi…
Quantitative Data
Numerical, Objective, Deductive data
Qualitative Data
Rich, thick, textural data. More subjective than quantitative…
119 terms
Psychology 201-Research methods
Null Hypothesis
Alpha level
How does the alpha level affect your d…
Type 1 error
Assume no effect, no interaction, no correlation...
Typically set to 0.05 or 0.01; A value determined in advance…
reject null hypothesis when probability is less than alpha, a…
false positive; reject null hypothesis when there isn't an ef…
Null Hypothesis
Assume no effect, no interaction, no correlation...
Alpha level
Typically set to 0.05 or 0.01; A value determined in advance…
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
Research Methods in Psychology
Interview
Questionaire
Experimental Group
Cross Sectional
allow observation of the subject
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
participants who are exposed to the independent variable
data is collected from groups of participants of different ag…
Interview
allow observation of the subject
Questionaire
take less time, results are more uniform and reduce the possi…
Psychology Review - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
31 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A statement of testable prediction; "Sugar increases energy"
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating a research study, usually with different participan…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A statement of testable prediction; "Sugar increases energy"
44 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Independent Variable
Conclusion
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
A proposed scientific explanation for a set of observations
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable who…
A summary of the results of the experiment and a statement of…
Scientific Method
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Hypothesis
A proposed scientific explanation for a set of observations
23 terms
Psychology Research Methods 2
Scientific Method
Empirical Investigation
Theory
Hypothesis
A five-step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
A testable explanation for a set of facts or observations.
A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study; a s…
Scientific Method
A five-step process for empirical investigation of a hypothes…
Empirical Investigation
An approach to research that relies on sensory experience and…
91 terms
AP Psychology (Research Methods)
field experiments
Basic research
Scientific method
Applied research
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
A general approach to gathering information and answering que…
One of the two main types of research, conducted specifically…
field experiments
Applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an oc…
Basic research
One of the two main types of research, pure research that aim…
AP Psychology: Research Methods
experimental
Negative or inverse
explanatory variable
representative
The only type of research that allows us to draw causal concl…
If achievement test scores go down as number of hours spent w…
In an experiment studying the effects of a new antidepressant…
If your research sample resembles the population to which you…
experimental
The only type of research that allows us to draw causal concl…
Negative or inverse
If achievement test scores go down as number of hours spent w…
46 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Mean
Median
Mode
Standard Deviation
The average in a set of numbers
The middle number in a set of numbers
Most frequently re-occuring number in a set of numbers
Used to show and measure the variation in data
Mean
The average in a set of numbers
Median
The middle number in a set of numbers
18 terms
AQA Psychology Research Methods
Validity
Internal validity
External validity
Population validity
The extent to which a study measures what it is telling us th…
How certain we are that any differences in the results we col…
A measure of whether the results obtained by studying a sampl…
A measure of whether the sample of people who took part in th…
Validity
The extent to which a study measures what it is telling us th…
Internal validity
How certain we are that any differences in the results we col…
52 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
Hindsight bias
Overconfidence
Perceiving order in random events
The Scientific Attitude
Tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that we could…
People tend to think they know more than they do. This occurs…
People perceive patterns to make sense of their world. Even i…
Curiosity, Skepticism, Humility
Hindsight bias
Tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that we could…
Overconfidence
People tend to think they know more than they do. This occurs…
75 terms
Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology
Analysis
Data
Deduction
Descriptive research
Investigation of data for patterns or evidence of an effect.
Relatively uninterpreted information received through human s…
Logical argument using rules to derive a conclusion from prem…
Research that explores the measurement of phenomena without t…
Analysis
Investigation of data for patterns or evidence of an effect.
Data
Relatively uninterpreted information received through human s…
Research Methods in Psychology CH6
Between-Subjects Design
Within-Subjects Design (repeated-measu…
Equivalent Groups
Random Assignment
An experimental design in which different groups of participa…
An experimental design in which the same participants serve i…
Groups of participants in a between subjects design that are…
The most common procedure for creating equivalent groups in a…
Between-Subjects Design
An experimental design in which different groups of participa…
Within-Subjects Design (repeated-measu…
An experimental design in which the same participants serve i…
28 terms
Research Methods in Psychology: Ch. 1 - Psychological Research
Why do psychologists use the scientifi…
The definition of "Intuition"
The definition of "Deduction"
The definition of "Authority"
The scientific method provides the best approach to gain new…
Relying on common sense as a means of knowing the world.... Exa…
Using logical reasoning and current knowledge as a means of k…
Relying on a knowledgeable person or group as a means of know…
Why do psychologists use the scientifi…
The scientific method provides the best approach to gain new…
The definition of "Intuition"
Relying on common sense as a means of knowing the world.... Exa…
145 terms
AQA Psychology - Research Methods
Self-report techniques
Questionnaire
Strengths of questionnaires
Weaknesses of questionnaires
Any method in which a person is asked to state or explain the…
A set of written questions (sometimes called items) used to a…
+ Cost effective... + Can gather large amounts of data quickly... +…
- Can produce response bias... - P.ps may misunderstand the ques…
Self-report techniques
Any method in which a person is asked to state or explain the…
Questionnaire
A set of written questions (sometimes called items) used to a…
119 terms
Psychology 201-Research methods
Null Hypothesis
Alpha level
How does the alpha level affect your d…
Type 1 error
Assume no effect, no interaction, no correlation...
Typically set to 0.05 or 0.01; A value determined in advance…
reject null hypothesis when probability is less than alpha, a…
false positive; reject null hypothesis when there isn't an ef…
Null Hypothesis
Assume no effect, no interaction, no correlation...
Alpha level
Typically set to 0.05 or 0.01; A value determined in advance…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
22 terms
Research Methods in Psychology, Chapter 10
One group, pretest/posttest design
Maturation
Spontaneous remission
History threat
Design in which a researcher recruits one group of participan…
A change in behavior that emerges more or less spontaneously…
Phenomenon that occurs when the symptoms of depression or oth…
Threat to internal validity that occurs when a "historical" o…
One group, pretest/posttest design
Design in which a researcher recruits one group of participan…
Maturation
A change in behavior that emerges more or less spontaneously…
31 terms
Research Methods in Psychology, Chapter 3
Variable
Values
Constant
Measured variable
A factor that can change in an experiment; must have at least…
Levels of a variable
Aspect of an experiment that could potentially vary but that…
Variable consisting of numbers that represent the conceptual…
Variable
A factor that can change in an experiment; must have at least…
Values
Levels of a variable
Research Methods in Psychology CH9
Positive correlation
Negative Correlation
Pearson's r
Scatterplot
A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…
A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…
Measure the size of a correlation between two variables; rang…
A graph depicting the relationship shown by a correlation
Positive correlation
A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…
Negative Correlation
A relationship between variables X and Y such that a high sco…
Research Methods in Psychology
Chapter 7: Sampling Participants
Generalizability
External Validity
Target Population
...
Does the sample represent the population?
To what populations, settings, and times can we generalize re…
The ENTIRE set of people or items in which you are interested…
Chapter 7: Sampling Participants
...
Generalizability
Does the sample represent the population?
Research Methods in Psychology
Chapter 4: Ethical Guidelines for Psyc…
Tuskegee Syphilis Report
Ethical Violations of Tuskegee Syphili…
Belmont Report
...
Goal of research was to study effects of untreated syphilis o…
Participants were not treated respectfully, participants were…
1. Principle of beneficence... 2. Principle of justice... 3. Princi…
Chapter 4: Ethical Guidelines for Psyc…
...
Tuskegee Syphilis Report
Goal of research was to study effects of untreated syphilis o…
88 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
correlation
minimal risk
informed consent
hypothesis
when two measures of the same people, events, or things vary…
when the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anti…
the explicitly expressed willingness to participate in a rese…
tentative explanation of phenomenon
correlation
when two measures of the same people, events, or things vary…
minimal risk
when the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anti…
13 terms
Research Methods in Psychology
hindsight bias
dogmatism
empericism
theory
tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one woul…
the tendency for people to cling to their assumptions
the belief that accurate knowledge can be acquired through ob…
a hypothetical explanation of how a phenomenon works
hindsight bias
tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one woul…
dogmatism
the tendency for people to cling to their assumptions
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