#### Study sets matching "inductive reasoning"

#### Study sets matching "inductive reasoning"

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Inductive argument

Argument from analogy

Analogues

Conclusion-analogue

an argument that claims that its premises make the conclusion…

inferring that 2 or more things are similar in some respect o…

things being compared

the thing we are drawing the conclusion about

Inductive argument

an argument that claims that its premises make the conclusion…

Argument from analogy

inferring that 2 or more things are similar in some respect o…

What is inductive reasoning?

What is a conjecture?

What is Counterexample?

Find the next five terms of the sequen…

Making a conclusion based on observations and patterns

A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning

An example that shows a conjecture is false

9, 11, 13, 15, 17... To generate the next term keep counting by…

What is inductive reasoning?

Making a conclusion based on observations and patterns

What is a conjecture?

A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning

Prediction Arguments

Analogical Arguments

Generalization From a Sample

Arguments From Authority

1. It has been raining for seven days straight and the sky is…

1. Monkeys and humans have similar hearts.... 2. Drug X works on…

1. We randomly sampled 10% of the widgets, and fewer than 1%…

1. Kobe is a pro at basketball.... 2. Kobe says practice makes p…

Prediction Arguments

1. It has been raining for seven days straight and the sky is…

Analogical Arguments

1. Monkeys and humans have similar hearts.... 2. Drug X works on…

Induction

Argument from Analogy

analogues

conclusion-analogue

provides SUPPORT using premises for a conclusion being true;…

an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…

things that have similar attributes

the analogue referred to in the conclusion of an Argument fro…

Induction

provides SUPPORT using premises for a conclusion being true;…

Argument from Analogy

an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…

inductive reasoning

conjecture

counterexample

conditional statement

process of reasoning that a rule is true because specific cas…

statement believed

evidence that conjecture is wrong need only 1

if then form

inductive reasoning

process of reasoning that a rule is true because specific cas…

conjecture

statement believed

inductive reasoning

point

line

plane

The process of observing patterns and forming conclusions abo…

a line (or part of a line) that divides a geometric figure in…

is made up of an infinite number of points that extend infini…

a flat, two-dimensional surface

inductive reasoning

The process of observing patterns and forming conclusions abo…

point

a line (or part of a line) that divides a geometric figure in…

inductive reasoning

point

line

plane

A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…

The place where two lines, rays, or line segments meet

An infinite one dimensional figure

An infinite two-dimensional figure

inductive reasoning

A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…

point

The place where two lines, rays, or line segments meet

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Making conclusions based on patterns y…

A conclusion based on inductive reason…

An example that shows a conjecture is…

9, 11, 13, 15, 17... To generate the next…

Inductive Reasoning

Conjecture

What is Counterexample?

Find the next five terms of the sequence then write a conject…

Making conclusions based on patterns y…

Inductive Reasoning

A conclusion based on inductive reason…

Conjecture

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Counterexample

Conditional Statement

an unproven statement that is based on observations

when you find a pattern in specific cases then write a conjec…

A specific case that shows a conjecture is false.

A logical statement that has two parts, a hypothesis and a co…

Conjecture

an unproven statement that is based on observations

Inductive Reasoning

when you find a pattern in specific cases then write a conjec…

Hasty Generalization

Begging the Question

Appeal to Authority

Red Herring

This occurs when an example that is not typical is cited in o…

This occurs when the conclusion appears in the premises.

This occurs when someone appeals to the testimony of an autho…

This occurs when an argument is sidetracked by an issue that…

Hasty Generalization

This occurs when an example that is not typical is cited in o…

Begging the Question

This occurs when the conclusion appears in the premises.

Inductive Reasoning

Conjecture

Counterexample

Conditional Statements

Look at a pattern and base a prediction to that pattern

A statement of what you think will happen based on the patter…

An instance where the conjectured pattern does not work

an if, then statement consisting of a hypothesis and a conclu…

Inductive Reasoning

Look at a pattern and base a prediction to that pattern

Conjecture

A statement of what you think will happen based on the patter…

Induction by Enumeration

Induction by Enumeration

Induction by Analogy

Induction by Analogy

All A's in my sample are B's;... My sample was large and randoml…

All U.S. presidents I have studied are male;... My sample of pre…

All A's in my sample are B's.... My sample was large and randoml…

All revolutions in my survey have been preceded by economic c…

Induction by Enumeration

All A's in my sample are B's;... My sample was large and randoml…

Induction by Enumeration

All U.S. presidents I have studied are male;... My sample of pre…

Max Black

Max Black

Max Black

Inductive Demonstration

"No general justification of induction is either possible or…

"The idea of the so-called inductive leap is built into our c…

"Induction, by definition, is not deduction."

by using principles that have been found to work... (induction i…

Max Black

"No general justification of induction is either possible or…

Max Black

"The idea of the so-called inductive leap is built into our c…

the process of making a general conclu…

You conclude that it rains on every Tu…

You conclude that only elderly people…

You conclude that this is true in all…

Inductive reasoning

Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…

Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…

Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…

the process of making a general conclu…

Inductive reasoning

You conclude that it rains on every Tu…

Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…

Conjecture

speculate

scrutinize

bias

a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjectur…

to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

(v.) to examine closely

prejudice

Conjecture

a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjectur…

speculate

to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

Complicated Truth-functional statement

Heterogeneous

Homogeneous

Sample

It can be comprised of other truth-functional statements that…

When its member have many properties not shared in common

When its member have many share most of the same properties

It is the member or members of a class to which the property…

Complicated Truth-functional statement

It can be comprised of other truth-functional statements that…

Heterogeneous

When its member have many properties not shared in common

Enumerative induction

Target population

Sample

Relevant property

Reasoning from premises of group of things to conclusion abou…

Group as a whole or collection of individuals

Observed members of target or group

The property of interest regarding the group

Enumerative induction

Reasoning from premises of group of things to conclusion abou…

Target population

Group as a whole or collection of individuals

Inductive Reasoning

Judgement

Heuristics

Representativeness Heuristics

The attempt to infer some new principle or proposition from o…

The process of extrapolating from evidence to draw conclusions.

A strategy for making judgements quickly at the price of occa…

Judge the likelihood that an individual, object, or event bel…

Inductive Reasoning

The attempt to infer some new principle or proposition from o…

Judgement

The process of extrapolating from evidence to draw conclusions.

conjecture

inductive reasoning

counter-example

conditional statement

a statement based on observations that you think is true, but…

a logical process of finding a pattern for the specific case,…

an example that disproves a conjecture

a logical statement with 2 parts: hypothesis and conclusion

conjecture

a statement based on observations that you think is true, but…

inductive reasoning

a logical process of finding a pattern for the specific case,…

Conjencture

Counterexample

Conditional

Hypothesis

The conclusion you reach using inductive reasoning.

An example that shows that the conclusion is wrong.

An "if, then" statement.

The "if" part of a conditional.

Conjencture

The conclusion you reach using inductive reasoning.

Counterexample

An example that shows that the conclusion is wrong.

Inductive Reasoning

Conjecture

Counter Example

Negation

Specific examples that lead to a generalization

A conclusion based on individual events

An example that shows a statement is false

adding in or taking out the word "not"

Inductive Reasoning

Specific examples that lead to a generalization

Conjecture

A conclusion based on individual events