#### Study sets matching "inductive reasoning"

#### Study sets matching "inductive reasoning"

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Inductive argument

Argument from analogy

Analogues

Conclusion-analogue

an argument that claims that its premises make the conclusion…

inferring that 2 or more things are similar in some respect o…

things being compared

the thing we are drawing the conclusion about

Inductive argument

an argument that claims that its premises make the conclusion…

Argument from analogy

inferring that 2 or more things are similar in some respect o…

What is inductive reasoning?

What is a conjecture?

What is Counterexample?

Find the next five terms of the sequen…

Making a conclusion based on observations and patterns

A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning

An example that shows a conjecture is false

9, 11, 13, 15, 17... To generate the next term keep counting by…

What is inductive reasoning?

Making a conclusion based on observations and patterns

What is a conjecture?

A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning

Prediction Arguments

Analogical Arguments

Generalization From a Sample

Arguments From Authority

1. It has been raining for seven days straight and the sky is…

1. Monkeys and humans have similar hearts.... 2. Drug X works on…

1. We randomly sampled 10% of the widgets, and fewer than 1%…

1. Kobe is a pro at basketball.... 2. Kobe says practice makes p…

Prediction Arguments

1. It has been raining for seven days straight and the sky is…

Analogical Arguments

1. Monkeys and humans have similar hearts.... 2. Drug X works on…

Induction

Argument from Analogy

analogues

conclusion-analogue

provides SUPPORT using premises for a conclusion being true;…

an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…

things that have similar attributes

the analogue referred to in the conclusion of an Argument fro…

Induction

provides SUPPORT using premises for a conclusion being true;…

Argument from Analogy

an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…

inductive reasoning

conjecture

counterexample

conditional statement

process of reasoning that a rule is true because specific cas…

statement believed

evidence that conjecture is wrong need only 1

if then form

inductive reasoning

process of reasoning that a rule is true because specific cas…

conjecture

statement believed

inductive reasoning

point

line

plane

The process of observing patterns and forming conclusions abo…

a line (or part of a line) that divides a geometric figure in…

is made up of an infinite number of points that extend infini…

a flat, two-dimensional surface

inductive reasoning

The process of observing patterns and forming conclusions abo…

point

a line (or part of a line) that divides a geometric figure in…

inductive reasoning

point

line

plane

A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…

The place where two lines, rays, or line segments meet

An infinite one dimensional figure

An infinite two-dimensional figure

inductive reasoning

A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…

point

The place where two lines, rays, or line segments meet

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Making conclusions based on patterns y…

A conclusion based on inductive reason…

An example that shows a conjecture is…

9, 11, 13, 15, 17... To generate the next…

Inductive Reasoning

Conjecture

What is Counterexample?

Find the next five terms of the sequence then write a conject…

Making conclusions based on patterns y…

Inductive Reasoning

A conclusion based on inductive reason…

Conjecture

Definition of Inductive Reasoning

Definition of Conjecture

Definition of Theorem

Definition of Counterexample

The process of reasoning that a statement is true because sev…

A guess, or a statement that is believed to be true, but not…

A conjecture that has been proven.

One example that is used which does not support the conjectur…

Definition of Inductive Reasoning

The process of reasoning that a statement is true because sev…

Definition of Conjecture

A guess, or a statement that is believed to be true, but not…

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Counterexample

Conditional Statement

an unproven statement that is based on observations

when you find a pattern in specific cases then write a conjec…

A specific case that shows a conjecture is false.

A logical statement that has two parts, a hypothesis and a co…

Conjecture

an unproven statement that is based on observations

Inductive Reasoning

when you find a pattern in specific cases then write a conjec…

Conjecture

speculate

scrutinize

bias

a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjectur…

to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

(v.) to examine closely

prejudice

Conjecture

a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjectur…

speculate

to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

Inductive Reasoning

Conjecture

Counterexample

Conditional Statements

Look at a pattern and base a prediction to that pattern

A statement of what you think will happen based on the patter…

An instance where the conjectured pattern does not work

an if, then statement consisting of a hypothesis and a conclu…

Inductive Reasoning

Look at a pattern and base a prediction to that pattern

Conjecture

A statement of what you think will happen based on the patter…

Induction by Enumeration

Induction by Enumeration

Induction by Analogy

Induction by Analogy

All A's in my sample are B's;... My sample was large and randoml…

All U.S. presidents I have studied are male;... My sample of pre…

All A's in my sample are B's.... My sample was large and randoml…

All revolutions in my survey have been preceded by economic c…

Induction by Enumeration

All A's in my sample are B's;... My sample was large and randoml…

Induction by Enumeration

All U.S. presidents I have studied are male;... My sample of pre…

the process of making a general conclu…

You conclude that it rains on every Tu…

You conclude that only elderly people…

You conclude that this is true in all…

Inductive reasoning

Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…

Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…

Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…

the process of making a general conclu…

Inductive reasoning

You conclude that it rains on every Tu…

Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…

Max Black

Max Black

Max Black

Inductive Demonstration

"No general justification of induction is either possible or…

"The idea of the so-called inductive leap is built into our c…

"Induction, by definition, is not deduction."

by using principles that have been found to work... (induction i…

Max Black

"No general justification of induction is either possible or…

Max Black

"The idea of the so-called inductive leap is built into our c…

Complicated Truth-functional statement

Heterogeneous

Homogeneous

Sample

It can be comprised of other truth-functional statements that…

When its member have many properties not shared in common

When its member have many share most of the same properties

It is the member or members of a class to which the property…

Complicated Truth-functional statement

It can be comprised of other truth-functional statements that…

Heterogeneous

When its member have many properties not shared in common

Enumerative induction

Target population

Sample

Relevant property

Reasoning from premises of group of things to conclusion abou…

Group as a whole or collection of individuals

Observed members of target or group

The property of interest regarding the group

Enumerative induction

Reasoning from premises of group of things to conclusion abou…

Target population

Group as a whole or collection of individuals

Inductive Reasoning

Judgement

Heuristics

Representativeness Heuristics

The attempt to infer some new principle or proposition from o…

The process of extrapolating from evidence to draw conclusions.

A strategy for making judgements quickly at the price of occa…

Judge the likelihood that an individual, object, or event bel…

Inductive Reasoning

The attempt to infer some new principle or proposition from o…

Judgement

The process of extrapolating from evidence to draw conclusions.

Conjencture

Counterexample

Conditional

Hypothesis

The conclusion you reach using inductive reasoning.

An example that shows that the conclusion is wrong.

An "if, then" statement.

The "if" part of a conditional.

Conjencture

The conclusion you reach using inductive reasoning.

Counterexample

An example that shows that the conclusion is wrong.

conjecture

inductive reasoning

counter-example

conditional statement

a statement based on observations that you think is true, but…

a logical process of finding a pattern for the specific case,…

an example that disproves a conjecture

a logical statement with 2 parts: hypothesis and conclusion

conjecture

a statement based on observations that you think is true, but…

inductive reasoning

a logical process of finding a pattern for the specific case,…

Inductive Reasoning

Conjecture

Counter Example

Negation

Specific examples that lead to a generalization

A conclusion based on individual events

An example that shows a statement is false

adding in or taking out the word "not"

Inductive Reasoning

Specific examples that lead to a generalization

Conjecture

A conclusion based on individual events

adjacent angles

angle

bisector

collinear

2 angles that lie in the same plane, have a common vertex & a…

the intersection of 2 noncollinear rays at a common endpoint.…

any figure that divides another figure into 2 congruent parts

points that lie on the same line

adjacent angles

2 angles that lie in the same plane, have a common vertex & a…

angle

the intersection of 2 noncollinear rays at a common endpoint.…

Inductive Reasoning

The reasoning process begins with a ... Ex:

The chain of __________ begins with __…

The most basic type of inductive reaso…

A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…

general principle ... ex: People who comb their hair wake up on…

evidence... observation... previous observations... conclusion

induction by enumeration, or, more commonly, generalization.

Inductive Reasoning

A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…

The reasoning process begins with a ... Ex:

general principle ... ex: People who comb their hair wake up on…

inductive reasoning

conducture

statement

truth value

reasoning that uses a number of specific examples to arrive t…

A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning.

A sentence that is either true or false.

saying a statement is true or false. statements are often rec…

inductive reasoning

reasoning that uses a number of specific examples to arrive t…

conducture

A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning.

conjecture

counter example

conditional statement

if, when, because

unproven statement based on observations

specific case (1 time) to disprove conjecture

logical statement w/ 2 parts (hypothesis & conclusion) ... -writ…

directional words

conjecture

unproven statement based on observations

counter example

specific case (1 time) to disprove conjecture

Adjacent angles

Angle

Bisector

Collinear

2 angles that lie in the same plane, have a common vertex and…

The intersections of 2 noncollinearn rays at a common endpoin…

A ray that divides an angle into 2 congruent angles

Points that lie on the same line

Adjacent angles

2 angles that lie in the same plane, have a common vertex and…

Angle

The intersections of 2 noncollinearn rays at a common endpoin…

What are the two kinds of decision mak…

Two theories of reasoning?

What is the Bayes theorem equation?

What are the three critical pieces of…

deductive: 100% conclusion.... Inductive: not 100%, conclusions…

Normative: how one OUGHT to reason.... Descriptive: how one actu…

p(H/E)=p(E/H)p(H)/p(E/H)p(H)+ p(E/notH)p(notH)

P(E/H)=prob. of evidence given hypothesis... P(H)-prob. of hypot…

What are the two kinds of decision mak…

deductive: 100% conclusion.... Inductive: not 100%, conclusions…

Two theories of reasoning?

Normative: how one OUGHT to reason.... Descriptive: how one actu…

Analogy

Analogical Induction Pattern

Relevant Similarities

Relevant Dissimilarities

A comparison between two or more things alike in specific res…

Thing 1 has properties A, B , C plus D... Thing 2 has properties…

The More relevant (to do with conclusion) similarities betwee…

The more Disanalogies there are between the things being comp…

Analogy

A comparison between two or more things alike in specific res…

Analogical Induction Pattern

Thing 1 has properties A, B , C plus D... Thing 2 has properties…

Enumerative: Statistical syllogism ... (2…

Sample Size

Hasty Generalization

Biased Sample

83% of the halls students own apple devices... Wei-en is a hall…

Generally the larger the sample size, the more likely it is t…

The sample size is too small to yield any reliable informatio…

Drawing a conclusion about a population based on a sample tha…

Enumerative: Statistical syllogism ... (2…

83% of the halls students own apple devices... Wei-en is a hall…

Sample Size

Generally the larger the sample size, the more likely it is t…

Argument from Analogy

Analogues

Premise Analogue (sample analogue)

Conclusion Analogue (target analogue)

an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…

things that have similar attributes... (Bill and Sam)

similar thing in Argument from Analogue... In premise (Sam)

analogue referred to in the conclusion of an argument from an…

Argument from Analogy

an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…

Analogues

things that have similar attributes... (Bill and Sam)

Inductive Reasoning

Point

Line

Plane

observing patterns and forming conclusions about those patterns

particular spot, place, or position in an area or on a map, o…

a straight one-dimensional figure having no thickness and ext…

a flat, two-dimensional surface

Inductive Reasoning

observing patterns and forming conclusions about those patterns

Point

particular spot, place, or position in an area or on a map, o…

Fallacies

Formal, informal

Informal types of fallacies

Fallacies of relevance/irrelevance

(Non-sequitur)... Mistakes in reasoning

Types of fallacies

Ambiguity, relevance

issues that are irrelevant to the case on hand

Fallacies

(Non-sequitur)... Mistakes in reasoning

Formal, informal

Types of fallacies

inductive reasoning

conjecture

counterexample

statement

observing a pattern and drawing a conclusion

concluding statement after you determine the pattern

proof of a false statement

sentence that is true or false

inductive reasoning

observing a pattern and drawing a conclusion

conjecture

concluding statement after you determine the pattern

Evidence comes from

Research methods

method used depends on

Methods share

personal experience ... authority ... science

surveys ... observations ... correlational studies ... experiments

question you are asking ... ethics ... other factors

form of inference ... form of inductive reasoning ... use statistics

Evidence comes from

personal experience ... authority ... science

Research methods

surveys ... observations ... correlational studies ... experiments

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Argument by analogy

Inductive Generalization

Hypothetical Reasoning

generalization

similar things act in similar ways: relevant similarities mus…

info on some members of a set to draw conclusions on the whol…

testing of hypothesis through logical consequences: must prot…

a statement which ascribes or denies some quality or relation…

Argument by analogy

similar things act in similar ways: relevant similarities mus…

Inductive Generalization

info on some members of a set to draw conclusions on the whol…

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Target Group(target population)

Sample (sample member)

Relevant Property (or property in ques…

Hasty Generalization

In enumerative induction, the whole collection of individuals…

In enumerative induction, the observed members of the target…

In enumerative induction, a property, or characteristic, that…

The fallacy of drawing a conclusion about a target group base…

Target Group(target population)

In enumerative induction, the whole collection of individuals…

Sample (sample member)

In enumerative induction, the observed members of the target…

Inductive

Deductive

Deductive

Inductive

The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…

If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…

Jones will play tennis today if Smith plays. Jones will not p…

4 out of 5 times I beat Corey at pool and I'm going to play h…

Inductive

The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…

Deductive

If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…

Inductive

Deductive

Deductive

Inductive

The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…

If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…

Jones will play tennis today if Smith plays. Jones will not p…

4 out of 5 times I beat Corey at pool and I'm going to play h…

Inductive

The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…

Deductive

If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…

Inductive

Deductive

Deductive

Inductive

The Braves have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…

If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…

Jonathan will play tennis today if Tyler plays. Jonathan will…

4 out of 5 times Mrs. Johnson beats Mr. Jones at Connect 4. S…

Inductive

The Braves have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…

Deductive

If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…

Enumerative induction

Target group (target population)

Sample (sample member)

Relevant property (property in question)

An inductive argument pattern in which we reason from premise…

In enumerative induction, the whole collection of individuals…

In enumerative induction, the observed members of the target…

In enumerative induction, a property, or characteristic, that…

Enumerative induction

An inductive argument pattern in which we reason from premise…

Target group (target population)

In enumerative induction, the whole collection of individuals…

Deductive

Inductive

Conjecture

Counterexample

A reason that is based logically off a conclusion from given…

Reasoning based off of observations or patterns

A conclusion that can be proven true or false

An example that proves a conjecture and just one is needed to…

Deductive

A reason that is based logically off a conclusion from given…

Inductive

Reasoning based off of observations or patterns