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Study sets matching "inductive reasoning"

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Study sets matching "inductive reasoning"

10 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
Inductive Reasoning
Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…
Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
Add ten to get the next term.
Multiply each term by two to get the next term.
Conjecture
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Inductive Reasoning
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
10 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
Inductive Reasoning
Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…
Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
Add ten to get the next term.
Multiply each term by two to get the next term.
Conjecture
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Inductive Reasoning
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
8 terms
Inductive reasoning
Inductive argument
Argument from analogy
Analogues
Conclusion-analogue
an argument that claims that its premises make the conclusion…
inferring that 2 or more things are similar in some respect o…
things being compared
the thing we are drawing the conclusion about
Inductive argument
an argument that claims that its premises make the conclusion…
Argument from analogy
inferring that 2 or more things are similar in some respect o…
12 terms
inductive reasoning
inductive reasoning
point
line
plane
The process of observing patterns and forming conclusions abo…
a line (or part of a line) that divides a geometric figure in…
is made up of an infinite number of points that extend infini…
a flat, two-dimensional surface
inductive reasoning
The process of observing patterns and forming conclusions abo…
point
a line (or part of a line) that divides a geometric figure in…
INDUCTIVE REASONING
inductive reasoning
point
line
plane
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
The place where two lines, rays, or line segments meet
An infinite one dimensional figure
An infinite two-dimensional figure
inductive reasoning
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
point
The place where two lines, rays, or line segments meet
10 terms
inductive reasoning
Conjecture
speculate
scrutinize
bias
a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjectur…
to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds
(v.) to examine closely
prejudice
Conjecture
a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjectur…
speculate
to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds
10 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
Inductive Reasoning
Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…
Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
Add ten to get the next term.
Multiply each term by two to get the next term.
Conjecture
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Inductive Reasoning
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
12 terms
inductive reasoning
inductive reasoning
conjecture
counterexample
conditional statement
process of reasoning that a rule is true because specific cas…
statement believed
evidence that conjecture is wrong need only 1
if then form
inductive reasoning
process of reasoning that a rule is true because specific cas…
conjecture
statement believed
10 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Definition of Inductive Reasoning
Definition of Conjecture
Definition of Theorem
Definition of Counterexample
The process of reasoning that a statement is true because sev…
A guess, or a statement that is believed to be true, but not…
A conjecture that has been proven.
One example that is used which does not support the conjectur…
Definition of Inductive Reasoning
The process of reasoning that a statement is true because sev…
Definition of Conjecture
A guess, or a statement that is believed to be true, but not…
Inductive Reasoning
Inductive reasoning
Point
Line
Plane
is a logical process in which multiple premises,all believed…
a dot
a long narrow mark
the study of two-dimensional figures
Inductive reasoning
is a logical process in which multiple premises,all believed…
Point
a dot
10 terms
Inductive Reasoning
What is inductive reasoning?
What is a conjecture?
What is Counterexample?
Find the next five terms of the sequen…
Making a conclusion based on observations and patterns
A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning
An example that shows a conjecture is false
9, 11, 13, 15, 17... To generate the next term keep counting by…
What is inductive reasoning?
Making a conclusion based on observations and patterns
What is a conjecture?
A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning
17 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Making conclusions based on patterns y…
A conclusion based on inductive reason…
An example that shows a conjecture is…
9, 11, 13, 15, 17... To generate the next…
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
What is Counterexample?
Find the next five terms of the sequence then write a conject…
Making conclusions based on patterns y…
Inductive Reasoning
A conclusion based on inductive reason…
Conjecture
9 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
Inductive Reasoning
Counterexample
Conditional Statement
an unproven statement that is based on observations
when you find a pattern in specific cases then write a conjec…
A specific case that shows a conjecture is false.
A logical statement that has two parts, a hypothesis and a co…
Conjecture
an unproven statement that is based on observations
Inductive Reasoning
when you find a pattern in specific cases then write a conjec…
8 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Prediction Arguments
Analogical Arguments
Generalization From a Sample
Arguments From Authority
1. It has been raining for seven days straight and the sky is…
1. Monkeys and humans have similar hearts.... 2. Drug X works on…
1. We randomly sampled 10% of the widgets, and fewer than 1%…
1. Kobe is a pro at basketball.... 2. Kobe says practice makes p…
Prediction Arguments
1. It has been raining for seven days straight and the sky is…
Analogical Arguments
1. Monkeys and humans have similar hearts.... 2. Drug X works on…
10 terms
Inductive Reasoning
the process of making a general conclu…
You conclude that it rains on every Tu…
You conclude that only elderly people…
You conclude that this is true in all…
Inductive reasoning
Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…
Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…
Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…
the process of making a general conclu…
Inductive reasoning
You conclude that it rains on every Tu…
Using inductive reasoning, what conclusion can you make from…
8 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Inference
Reasoning
Inductive Argument
Literal Analogy
a calculated guess
is the mental process of inferring a conclusion from the evid…
reasoning from specific to general: conclusion based on one o…
is a comparison of things that have the same classification
Inference
a calculated guess
Reasoning
is the mental process of inferring a conclusion from the evid…
11 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Conjencture
Counterexample
Conditional
Hypothesis
The conclusion you reach using inductive reasoning.
An example that shows that the conclusion is wrong.
An "if, then" statement.
The "if" part of a conditional.
Conjencture
The conclusion you reach using inductive reasoning.
Counterexample
An example that shows that the conclusion is wrong.
21 terms
Inductive Reasoning
adjacent angles
angle
bisector
collinear
2 angles that lie in the same plane, have a common vertex & a…
the intersection of 2 noncollinear rays at a common endpoint.…
any figure that divides another figure into 2 congruent parts
points that lie on the same line
adjacent angles
2 angles that lie in the same plane, have a common vertex & a…
angle
the intersection of 2 noncollinear rays at a common endpoint.…
13 terms
Inductive Reasoning
All the English classes I've taken at…
All the English classes I've taken at…
All the Lowell English classes
A lot of reading homework
Original
Sample
Target
Feature
All the English classes I've taken at…
Original
All the English classes I've taken at…
Sample
9 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
Counterexample
Conditional Statements
Look at a pattern and base a prediction to that pattern
A statement of what you think will happen based on the patter…
An instance where the conjectured pattern does not work
an if, then statement consisting of a hypothesis and a conclu…
Inductive Reasoning
Look at a pattern and base a prediction to that pattern
Conjecture
A statement of what you think will happen based on the patter…
23 terms
Inductive reasoning
Enumerative induction
Target population
Sample
Relevant property
Reasoning from premises of group of things to conclusion abou…
Group as a whole or collection of individuals
Observed members of target or group
The property of interest regarding the group
Enumerative induction
Reasoning from premises of group of things to conclusion abou…
Target population
Group as a whole or collection of individuals
17 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Max Black
Max Black
Max Black
Inductive Demonstration
"No general justification of induction is either possible or…
"The idea of the so-called inductive leap is built into our c…
"Induction, by definition, is not deduction."
by using principles that have been found to work... (induction i…
Max Black
"No general justification of induction is either possible or…
Max Black
"The idea of the so-called inductive leap is built into our c…
9 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
Counter Example
Negation
Specific examples that lead to a generalization
A conclusion based on individual events
An example that shows a statement is false
adding in or taking out the word "not"
Inductive Reasoning
Specific examples that lead to a generalization
Conjecture
A conclusion based on individual events
15 terms
inductive reasoning
inductive reasoning
conjecture
counterexample
statement
observing a pattern and drawing a conclusion
concluding statement after you determine the pattern
proof of a false statement
sentence that is true or false
inductive reasoning
observing a pattern and drawing a conclusion
conjecture
concluding statement after you determine the pattern
7 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Judgement
Heuristics
Representativeness Heuristics
The attempt to infer some new principle or proposition from o…
The process of extrapolating from evidence to draw conclusions.
A strategy for making judgements quickly at the price of occa…
Judge the likelihood that an individual, object, or event bel…
Inductive Reasoning
The attempt to infer some new principle or proposition from o…
Judgement
The process of extrapolating from evidence to draw conclusions.
9 terms
Inductive Reasoning
conjecture
inductive reasoning
counter-example
conditional statement
a statement based on observations that you think is true, but…
a logical process of finding a pattern for the specific case,…
an example that disproves a conjecture
a logical statement with 2 parts: hypothesis and conclusion
conjecture
a statement based on observations that you think is true, but…
inductive reasoning
a logical process of finding a pattern for the specific case,…
Inductive Reasoning
Fallacies
Formal, informal
Informal types of fallacies
Fallacies of relevance/irrelevance
(Non-sequitur)... Mistakes in reasoning
Types of fallacies
Ambiguity, relevance
issues that are irrelevant to the case on hand
Fallacies
(Non-sequitur)... Mistakes in reasoning
Formal, informal
Types of fallacies
8 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
The reasoning process begins with a ... Ex:
The chain of __________ begins with __…
The most basic type of inductive reaso…
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
general principle ... ex: People who comb their hair wake up on…
evidence... observation... previous observations... conclusion
induction by enumeration, or, more commonly, generalization.
Inductive Reasoning
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…
The reasoning process begins with a ... Ex:
general principle ... ex: People who comb their hair wake up on…
Inductive reasoning
Evidence comes from
Research methods
method used depends on
Methods share
personal experience ... authority ... science
surveys ... observations ... correlational studies ... experiments
question you are asking ... ethics ... other factors
form of inference ... form of inductive reasoning ... use statistics
Evidence comes from
personal experience ... authority ... science
Research methods
surveys ... observations ... correlational studies ... experiments
22 terms
Inductive Reasoning
inductive reasoning
conducture
statement
truth value
reasoning that uses a number of specific examples to arrive t…
A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning.
A sentence that is either true or false.
saying a statement is true or false. statements are often rec…
inductive reasoning
reasoning that uses a number of specific examples to arrive t…
conducture
A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning.
10 terms
Inductive Reasoning
conjecture
counter example
conditional statement
if, when, because
unproven statement based on observations
specific case (1 time) to disprove conjecture
logical statement w/ 2 parts (hypothesis & conclusion) ... -writ…
directional words
conjecture
unproven statement based on observations
counter example
specific case (1 time) to disprove conjecture
9 terms
Inductive Reasoning
If P(n) is a statement involving integ…
n∑i=1 i
n∑i=1 i²
n∑i=1 i³
1. P₁ is true. 2. The truth of P(k) implies the truth of P(k+…
[n(n+1)]/2
[n(n+1)(2n+1)]/6
[n(n+1)/2]²
If P(n) is a statement involving integ…
1. P₁ is true. 2. The truth of P(k) implies the truth of P(k+…
n∑i=1 i
[n(n+1)]/2
10 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
Inductive Reasoning
Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…
Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
Add ten to get the next term.
Multiply each term by two to get the next term.
Conjecture
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Inductive Reasoning
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
25 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Adjacent angles
Angle
Bisector
Collinear
2 angles that lie in the same plane, have a common vertex and…
The intersections of 2 noncollinearn rays at a common endpoin…
A ray that divides an angle into 2 congruent angles
Points that lie on the same line
Adjacent angles
2 angles that lie in the same plane, have a common vertex and…
Angle
The intersections of 2 noncollinearn rays at a common endpoin…
11 terms
inductive reasoning
Argument by analogy
Inductive Generalization
Hypothetical Reasoning
generalization
similar things act in similar ways: relevant similarities mus…
info on some members of a set to draw conclusions on the whol…
testing of hypothesis through logical consequences: must prot…
a statement which ascribes or denies some quality or relation…
Argument by analogy
similar things act in similar ways: relevant similarities mus…
Inductive Generalization
info on some members of a set to draw conclusions on the whol…
10 terms
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
Inductive Reasoning
Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20,…
Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
Add ten to get the next term.
Multiply each term by two to get the next term.
Conjecture
A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.
Inductive Reasoning
Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.
17 terms
Inductive Reasoning-Enumerative Induction
Enumerative: Statistical syllogism ... (2…
Sample Size
Hasty Generalization
Biased Sample
83% of the halls students own apple devices... Wei-en is a hall…
Generally the larger the sample size, the more likely it is t…
The sample size is too small to yield any reliable informatio…
Drawing a conclusion about a population based on a sample tha…
Enumerative: Statistical syllogism ... (2…
83% of the halls students own apple devices... Wei-en is a hall…
Sample Size
Generally the larger the sample size, the more likely it is t…
6 terms
Inductive Reasoning- Analogical Induction
Analogy
Analogical Induction Pattern
Relevant Similarities
Relevant Dissimilarities
A comparison between two or more things alike in specific res…
Thing 1 has properties A, B , C plus D... Thing 2 has properties…
The More relevant (to do with conclusion) similarities betwee…
The more Disanalogies there are between the things being comp…
Analogy
A comparison between two or more things alike in specific res…
Analogical Induction Pattern
Thing 1 has properties A, B , C plus D... Thing 2 has properties…
12 terms
Topic 1 Inductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Point
Line
Plane
observing patterns and forming conclusions about those patterns
particular spot, place, or position in an area or on a map, o…
a straight one-dimensional figure having no thickness and ext…
a flat, two-dimensional surface
Inductive Reasoning
observing patterns and forming conclusions about those patterns
Point
particular spot, place, or position in an area or on a map, o…
27 terms
Deductive/Inductive Reasoning
Inductive
Deductive
Deductive
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
Jones will play tennis today if Smith plays. Jones will not p…
4 out of 5 times I beat Corey at pool and I'm going to play h…
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
Deductive
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
36 terms
Deductive/Inductive Reasoning
Inductive
Deductive
Deductive
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
Jones will play tennis today if Smith plays. Jones will not p…
4 out of 5 times I beat Corey at pool and I'm going to play h…
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
Deductive
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
19 terms
Chapter 11 Inductive Reasoning
Argument from Analogy
Analogues
Premise Analogue (sample analogue)
Conclusion Analogue (target analogue)
an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…
things that have similar attributes... (Bill and Sam)
similar thing in Argument from Analogue... In premise (Sam)
analogue referred to in the conclusion of an argument from an…
Argument from Analogy
an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…
Analogues
things that have similar attributes... (Bill and Sam)
12 terms
Inductive Reasoning and Causal Reasoning
Target Group(target population)
Sample (sample member)
Relevant Property (or property in ques…
Hasty Generalization
In enumerative induction, the whole collection of individuals…
In enumerative induction, the observed members of the target…
In enumerative induction, a property, or characteristic, that…
The fallacy of drawing a conclusion about a target group base…
Target Group(target population)
In enumerative induction, the whole collection of individuals…
Sample (sample member)
In enumerative induction, the observed members of the target…
Chapter 2: Inductive Reasoning
Inductive Reasoning
Conjecture
Counterexample
Conditional
reasoning based on your observation
a conclusion you reach using inductive reasoning
an example that shows a conjecture is incorrect
an if-then statement, "If p, then q"
Inductive Reasoning
reasoning based on your observation
Conjecture
a conclusion you reach using inductive reasoning
25 terms
Unit 1 Inductive Reasoning
adjacent angles
angle
collinear
complementary angles
angles in the same plane that have a common vertex and a comm…
a figure formed by two noncollinear rays with a common endpoint
points that lie in the same line
two angles whose measures have a sum of 90
adjacent angles
angles in the same plane that have a common vertex and a comm…
angle
a figure formed by two noncollinear rays with a common endpoint
25 terms
Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Collinear
Coplanar
Complementary
Inductive reasoning
______________ points are points that lie on the same line
__________ points are points that lie in the same plane
the sum of the measures of two ______________ angles is 90 de…
process of reasoning that a rule or statement is true by draw…
Collinear
______________ points are points that lie on the same line
Coplanar
__________ points are points that lie in the same plane
27 terms
Deductive/Inductive Reasoning
Inductive
Deductive
Deductive
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
Jones will play tennis today if Smith plays. Jones will not p…
4 out of 5 times I beat Corey at pool and I'm going to play h…
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
Deductive
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
32 terms
Deductive/Inductive Reasoning Practice
Inductive
Deductive
Deductive
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
Jones will play tennis today if Smith plays. Jones will not p…
4 out of 5 times I beat Corey at pool and I'm going to play h…
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
Deductive
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
27 terms
Deductive/Inductive Reasoning
Inductive
Deductive
Deductive
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
Jones will play tennis today if Smith plays. Jones will not p…
4 out of 5 times I beat Corey at pool and I'm going to play h…
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
Deductive
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
15 terms
Deductive/Inductive Reasoning Flash
Inductive
Deductive
Deductive
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
Jones will play tennis today if Smith plays. Jones will not p…
4 out of 5 times I beat Corey at pool and I'm going to play h…
Inductive
The Giants have lost their last seven games. Thus, they will…
Deductive
If you brush and floss your teeth daily then you will have fe…
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