# Study sets matching "inductive reasoning"

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20, 3…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20, 3…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Inductive argument

Argument from analogy

Analogues

Conclusion-analogue

an argument that claims that its premises make the conclusion…

inferring that 2 or more things are similar in some respect on…

things being compared

the thing we are drawing the conclusion about

Inductive argument

an argument that claims that its premises make the conclusion…

Argument from analogy

inferring that 2 or more things are similar in some respect on…

What is inductive reasoning?

What is a conjecture?

What is Counterexample?

Find the next five terms of the sequenc…

Making a conclusion based on observations and patterns

A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning

An example that shows a conjecture is false

9, 11, 13, 15, 17... To generate the next term keep counting by o…

What is inductive reasoning?

Making a conclusion based on observations and patterns

What is a conjecture?

A concluding statement reached using inductive reasoning

Prediction Arguments

Analogical Arguments

Generalization From a Sample

Arguments From Authority

1. It has been raining for seven days straight and the sky is…

1. Monkeys and humans have similar hearts.... 2. Drug X works on…

1. We randomly sampled 10% of the widgets, and fewer than 1% w…

1. Kobe is a pro at basketball.... 2. Kobe says practice makes pe…

Prediction Arguments

1. It has been raining for seven days straight and the sky is…

Analogical Arguments

1. Monkeys and humans have similar hearts.... 2. Drug X works on…

inductive reasoning

point

line

plane

A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…

The place where two lines, rays, or line segments meet

An infinite one dimensional figure

An infinite two-dimensional figure

inductive reasoning

A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large…

point

The place where two lines, rays, or line segments meet

inductive reasoning

conjecture

counterexample

conditional statement

process of reasoning that a rule is true because specific case…

statement believed

evidence that conjecture is wrong need only 1

if then form

inductive reasoning

process of reasoning that a rule is true because specific case…

conjecture

statement believed

inductive reasoning

point

line

plane

The process of observing patterns and forming conclusions abou…

a line (or part of a line) that divides a geometric figure int…

is made up of an infinite number of points that extend infinit…

a flat, two-dimensional surface

inductive reasoning

The process of observing patterns and forming conclusions abou…

point

a line (or part of a line) that divides a geometric figure int…

Inductive reasoning

Point

Line

Plane

is a logical process in which multiple premises,all believed t…

a dot

a long narrow mark

the study of two-dimensional figures

Inductive reasoning

is a logical process in which multiple premises,all believed t…

Point

a dot

Induction

Argument from Analogy

analogues

conclusion-analogue

provides SUPPORT using premises for a conclusion being true; (…

an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…

things that have similar attributes

the analogue referred to in the conclusion of an Argument from…

Induction

provides SUPPORT using premises for a conclusion being true; (…

Argument from Analogy

an argument that something has an attribute because a similar…

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Write a rule for the pattern:... 10, 20, 3…

Write a rule for the pattern:... 1, 2, 4,…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Add ten to get the next term.

Multiply each term by two to get the next term.

Conjecture

A conclusion based on inductive reasoning.

Inductive Reasoning

Making conclusions based on patterns you observe.

Making conclusions based on patterns yo…

A conclusion based on inductive reasoni…

An example that shows a conjecture is f…

9, 11, 13, 15, 17... To generate the next…

Inductive Reasoning

Conjecture

What is Counterexample?

Find the next five terms of the sequence then write a conjectu…

Making conclusions based on patterns yo…

Inductive Reasoning

A conclusion based on inductive reasoni…

Conjecture

Conjecture

Inductive Reasoning

Counterexample

Conditional Statement

an unproven statement that is based on observations

when you find a pattern in specific cases then write a conject…

A specific case that shows a conjecture is false.

A logical statement that has two parts, a hypothesis and a con…

Conjecture

an unproven statement that is based on observations

Inductive Reasoning

when you find a pattern in specific cases then write a conject…

Examples

Signs

Cause

Analogy

An assumption that what is true of the specific cases is true…

Beginning with an effect and reason back to its cause.

The assumption that one condition or event contributes to or b…

The reasoning that two things which resemble each other in cer…

Examples

An assumption that what is true of the specific cases is true…

Signs

Beginning with an effect and reason back to its cause.

Inductive reasoning

Particular to general

General to general

General to particular

Specific observations on evidence dealing a general conclusion.

Reaching a conclusion based on a particular piece of evidence.

Reaching a conclusion based on the consistency of your observa…

Drawing a conclusion based on what you generally know to be tr…

Inductive reasoning

Specific observations on evidence dealing a general conclusion.

Particular to general

Reaching a conclusion based on a particular piece of evidence.

Hasty Generalization

Begging the Question

Appeal to Authority

Red Herring

This occurs when an example that is not typical is cited in or…

This occurs when the conclusion appears in the premises.

This occurs when someone appeals to the testimony of an author…

This occurs when an argument is sidetracked by an issue that h…

Hasty Generalization

This occurs when an example that is not typical is cited in or…

Begging the Question

This occurs when the conclusion appears in the premises.

Conjecture

speculate

scrutinize

bias

a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjecturi…

to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

(v.) to examine closely

prejudice

Conjecture

a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjecturi…

speculate

to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

Induction by Enumeration

Induction by Enumeration

Induction by Analogy

Induction by Analogy

All A's in my sample are B's;... My sample was large and randomly…

All U.S. presidents I have studied are male;... My sample of pres…

All A's in my sample are B's.... My sample was large and randomly…

All revolutions in my survey have been preceded by economic cr…

Induction by Enumeration

All A's in my sample are B's;... My sample was large and randomly…

Induction by Enumeration

All U.S. presidents I have studied are male;... My sample of pres…

Inductive Reasoning

Conjecture

Counterexample

Conditional Statements

Look at a pattern and base a prediction to that pattern

A statement of what you think will happen based on the pattern…

An instance where the conjectured pattern does not work

an if, then statement consisting of a hypothesis and a conclus…

Inductive Reasoning

Look at a pattern and base a prediction to that pattern

Conjecture

A statement of what you think will happen based on the pattern…

Analogy

Argument by Analogy (Analogical Inducti…

Biased Sample

Causal Argument

a comparison to two or more things alike in specific respects

an argument in which some of them (the premises) are intended…

a sample that does not properly represent the target group

an inductive argument whose conclusion contains a causal claim

Analogy

a comparison to two or more things alike in specific respects

Argument by Analogy (Analogical Inducti…

an argument in which some of them (the premises) are intended…

Max Black

Max Black

Max Black

Inductive Demonstration

"No general justification of induction is either possible or n…

"The idea of the so-called inductive leap is built into our co…

"Induction, by definition, is not deduction."

by using principles that have been found to work... (induction is…

Max Black

"No general justification of induction is either possible or n…

Max Black

"The idea of the so-called inductive leap is built into our co…

Reasoning that begins with _____ , ____…

Empiricism - all knowledges is derived…

Two types of Inductive Reasoning

Informal - earliest in life ... - from____…

observation, experience or experimentation

Sensory experience

Informal and formal

- experience ... - observation lead to categorizations... - similari…

Reasoning that begins with _____ , ____…

observation, experience or experimentation

Empiricism - all knowledges is derived…

Sensory experience

Complicated Truth-functional statement

Heterogeneous

Homogeneous

Sample

It can be comprised of other truth-functional statements that…

When its member have many properties not shared in common

When its member have many share most of the same properties

It is the member or members of a class to which the property i…

Complicated Truth-functional statement

It can be comprised of other truth-functional statements that…

Heterogeneous

When its member have many properties not shared in common

inductive reasoning

sufficiency

accuracy

representativeness

PARTICULAR to GENERAL

-number of examples... -sample size

the example or narrative is truthful

the examples or statistics are typical of the general class or…

inductive reasoning

PARTICULAR to GENERAL

sufficiency

-number of examples... -sample size

Enumerative induction

Target population

Sample

Relevant property

Reasoning from premises of group of things to conclusion about…

Group as a whole or collection of individuals

Observed members of target or group

The property of interest regarding the group

Enumerative induction

Reasoning from premises of group of things to conclusion about…

Target population

Group as a whole or collection of individuals