Study sets matching "industrial organizational psychology"

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Study sets matching "industrial organizational psychology"

Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Motivation
Classical Approaches
Reinforcement Theory
Cognitive Regulation Theories
energetic forces that originate within as well as beyond an i…
motivation comes from within, and you motivate by satisfying…
behaviour is a function of consequences
motivation is a function of conscious decision making and can…
Motivation
energetic forces that originate within as well as beyond an i…
Classical Approaches
motivation comes from within, and you motivate by satisfying…
39 terms
Psychology: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
industrial psychology
organizational psychology
expensive decisions are based on
OCEAN
job analysis, predictors of job performance, performance appr…
leadership, work/life balance, motivation
intuition, first impression, opinions, and past experience (t…
openness (to new experiences), consciousness (to being strong…
industrial psychology
job analysis, predictors of job performance, performance appr…
organizational psychology
leadership, work/life balance, motivation
126 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
I/O Psychology
Psychology
1910
Walter Dill Scott
science of human behavior at work
Science of human behavior
Industrial Psych was a legitimate specialty area of psychology
First to apply psychology to personal selection & management…
I/O Psychology
science of human behavior at work
Psychology
Science of human behavior
116 terms
EPPP: Industrial & Organizational Psychology
Criterion-Related Validity Coefficient
What is a criterion?
What is a co-efficient?
What is predictive validity?
The coefficient that represents the usefulness of a predictor…
A standard by which something may be judged.
A constant variable (e.g., gender) by which another variable…
This refers to "power" or usefulness of a test's scores to pr…
Criterion-Related Validity Coefficient
The coefficient that represents the usefulness of a predictor…
What is a criterion?
A standard by which something may be judged.
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
The Organizational Psychologist
Goals of an IO psychologist
Jobs of IO (Industrial)
The application of psychological principles to the work place
The study of organizations an the people who work in them.
to increase employee productivity, well being, and satisfacti…
job analysis, personnel selection, performance appraisal, tra…
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
The application of psychological principles to the work place
The Organizational Psychologist
The study of organizations an the people who work in them.
23 terms
industrial/organizational psychology
basic principles of learning
3 ways for measuring employee attributes
3 ways to promote effective job perfor…
job satisfaction assessment...
-transfer or training... -feedback:reinforce, suggest, encourage…
-physiological testing... -assessment centers... -interviews
training in task ... training in interpersonal skills... motivation
typically assess through surveys
basic principles of learning
-transfer or training... -feedback:reinforce, suggest, encourage…
3 ways for measuring employee attributes
-physiological testing... -assessment centers... -interviews
37 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Psychology+Workplace=
Industrial or Organizational side of I…
Industrial or Organizational side of I…
____ vs human approach, is I/O psychol…
I/O Psychology
Industrial Side
Organizational Side
efficiency
Psychology+Workplace=
I/O Psychology
Industrial or Organizational side of I…
Industrial Side
78 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology
Absolute Techniques - Subjective Perfo…
Adverse Impact
Americans with Disabilities Act
Big Five Personality Traits
Critical Incident Technique, critical incidents to rate each…
80% rule. Use of selection test or employment procedure resul…
Avoid procedures that discriminate against people with physic…
Factor analysis found neuroticism, extraversion, openness to…
Absolute Techniques - Subjective Perfo…
Critical Incident Technique, critical incidents to rate each…
Adverse Impact
80% rule. Use of selection test or employment procedure resul…
31 terms
Industrial & Organizational Psychology
Hawthorne effect
Human Factors Psychology
Industrial & Organizational (I-O) Psyc…
Industrial Psychology
increases in performance of individiduals who are notices, wa…
branch or psychology that studies how workers interact with t…
field in psychology that applies scientific principles to the…
branch of psychology that studies job characteristics, applic…
Hawthorne effect
increases in performance of individiduals who are notices, wa…
Human Factors Psychology
branch or psychology that studies how workers interact with t…
78 terms
Industrial organizational psychology
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
personnel psychology
organizational psychology
Human factors/ergonomics
A branch of psychology that applies the principles of psychol…
selection and evaluation of employees and training and develo…
investigates behavior of employees within the context of an o…
the interaction between humans and machines--focuses on ergon…
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
A branch of psychology that applies the principles of psychol…
personnel psychology
selection and evaluation of employees and training and develo…
72 terms
Industrial /Organizational Psychology
What are the key distinctions between…
Where do most I/O psychologists work?
What are the key distinctions between…
What are the key distinctions between…
I/o examines the factors that affect the people in an organiz…
In the work place
- analyzing jobs, recruiting, selection, compensation, traini…
- leadership, job satisfaction, employee motivation, organiza…
What are the key distinctions between…
I/o examines the factors that affect the people in an organiz…
Where do most I/O psychologists work?
In the work place
91 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology Final
Training Evaluation
Why should we engage in training evalu…
Kirkpatrick's Model of Training
Reaction Criteria
systematic collection of descriptive and judgmental informati…
-determine if trainees are meeting objectives of the training…
four level model used to categorize important training criter…
trainee's impression of the training program measures are som…
Training Evaluation
systematic collection of descriptive and judgmental informati…
Why should we engage in training evalu…
-determine if trainees are meeting objectives of the training…
19 terms
INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Industrial and organizational Psychology
industrial psychology
job analysis
person-oriented
science of psychology applied to work related settings
emphasis on how to use human resources to increase efficienty…
generating a detailed job description
focused on the characterstics of the person
Industrial and organizational Psychology
science of psychology applied to work related settings
industrial psychology
emphasis on how to use human resources to increase efficienty…
industrial/organizational psychology
industrial/organization psychology
3 areas
personnel psychology (industrial)
steps involved in matching employees t…
applying psychological principles to the workplace
personnel, organizational, human factors (ergonomics)
goal is to match worker strengths to job demands and evaluate…
conduct job analysis to identify KSA's (knowledge, skills, ab…
industrial/organization psychology
applying psychological principles to the workplace
3 areas
personnel, organizational, human factors (ergonomics)
34 terms
Industrial - Organizational Psychology
The process of generating a descriptio…
The following program goals may be inc…
Teaching a new employee the essential…
mentoring
Job Analysis
- Familiarizing new hires to the organization's rules and reg…
training
is defined as a relationship between an experienced employee…
The process of generating a descriptio…
Job Analysis
The following program goals may be inc…
- Familiarizing new hires to the organization's rules and reg…
78 terms
INDUSTRIAL-ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
SOCIAL FACILITATION AND INHIBITION
SOCIAL LOAFING
BRAINSTORMING
FACTOR ANALYSES
SOCIAL FACILITATION refers to the increase in learning and pe…
SOCIAL LOAFING is the tendency of an individual to exert less…
BRAINSTORMING is a method of generating creative ideas that r…
FACTOR ANALYSES have identified five basic personality traits…
SOCIAL FACILITATION AND INHIBITION
SOCIAL FACILITATION refers to the increase in learning and pe…
SOCIAL LOAFING
SOCIAL LOAFING is the tendency of an individual to exert less…
83 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Griggs v Duke Power
Tests Must
Discrimination
Differential Validity
Testing of minorities faulted.
Focus on necessary skills for specific jobs
Adverse Impact & Unfairness
Significantly different criterion validity coefficients for d…
Griggs v Duke Power
Testing of minorities faulted.
Tests Must
Focus on necessary skills for specific jobs
Industrial Organizational Psychology
Corresponding Effects
Common goal
Affiliation
Identification
An event that affects one member of a group will affect the o…
An aim or purpose shared by members of a group.
A leadership style in which the individual leads by caring ab…
The need to associate ourselves with the image projected by o…
Corresponding Effects
An event that affects one member of a group will affect the o…
Common goal
An aim or purpose shared by members of a group.
11 terms
Intro to Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Purposes of Performance Appraisal
What performance criteria (What do you…
Characteristics of a good PA
Criterion Contamination, Relevance, an…
-Administrative Decisions ... -Employee Development & Feedback... -…
-Characteristics (ie. The validity of your criteria)... -Complex…
-Reliable... -Practical... -Fair... -Discrimination (differentiates ba…
Actual Criterion (actually measured)... -Contamination (things t…
Purposes of Performance Appraisal
-Administrative Decisions ... -Employee Development & Feedback... -…
What performance criteria (What do you…
-Characteristics (ie. The validity of your criteria)... -Complex…
131 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Attribution
Average rating (leniency) error
Behavioral observation scales (BOS)
Behaviorally anchored rating scales (B…
A source of error in performance appraisal in which raters at…
A source of error in performance appraisal in which a rater i…
A performance appraisal technique in which appraisers rate... th…
A performance appraisal technique in which appraisers... rate cr…
Attribution
A source of error in performance appraisal in which raters at…
Average rating (leniency) error
A source of error in performance appraisal in which a rater i…
Industrial & Organizational Psychology
Suppose that a manager wants to increa…
Sally is interested in writing a resea…
One important objective of I/O psychol…
When Putting People First in the Organ…
Studying and then designing work stations to increase the eff…
understanding employees' cognition and behavior at work as we…
applying principles of psychology to solve problems at work.
job satisfaction
Suppose that a manager wants to increa…
Studying and then designing work stations to increase the eff…
Sally is interested in writing a resea…
understanding employees' cognition and behavior at work as we…
7 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
industrial psychology
organization psychology
human factors psychology
Branch of psychology concerned with human behavior in the wor…
how to select individuals for the right positions, how to eva…
how employees are integrated into the work environment from b…
examines the ways in which work, systems, and system features…
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Branch of psychology concerned with human behavior in the wor…
industrial psychology
how to select individuals for the right positions, how to eva…
Industrial/ Organizational Psychology
Industrial/Organizational Psych
Job analysis
Job evaluation
Performance appraisal
Concerned with the study of behavior in work settings and the…
the study of tasks, duties, and responsibilities of a job and…
an assessment of the relative value of jobs to determine prop…
assessing worker performance
Industrial/Organizational Psych
Concerned with the study of behavior in work settings and the…
Job analysis
the study of tasks, duties, and responsibilities of a job and…
109 terms
Industrial /Organizational Psychology
Test reliability is determined in four…
Test and retest reliability method
Temporal stability
reliability
test and retest, alternate forms reliability, internal reliab…
each one of several people take the same test twice the score…
the consistency of test scores across time
the Extent to which a score from a test or from an evaluation…
Test reliability is determined in four…
test and retest, alternate forms reliability, internal reliab…
Test and retest reliability method
each one of several people take the same test twice the score…
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
Define Job analysis
Hawthorne effect
What are KSAOs
Difference between structured and unst…
the process of generating a description of what a job involve…
the tendency of individuals to perform better simply because…
common elements in a person-oriented job analysis; an acronym…
unlike unstructured interviews, structured interviews put all…
Define Job analysis
the process of generating a description of what a job involve…
Hawthorne effect
the tendency of individuals to perform better simply because…
33 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
I/O psychology
W.L Bryan
Walter Dill Scott
Frederick Taylor
an area of scientific study and professional practice that ad…
the precursor of I/O psychology
influenced credibility of industrial psychology, used psychol…
Engineer, wrote Principles of Scientific Management, tried to…
I/O psychology
an area of scientific study and professional practice that ad…
W.L Bryan
the precursor of I/O psychology
EPPP: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Personnel Psychology
Organizational Psychology
Engineering Psychology
Job Analysis
Theory and applications related to evaluating, selecting, and…
Focuses on individual and group processes within organization…
Also called "human factors psychology" and "ergonomics", deal…
Purpose: to describe the precise requirements of a job. Produ…
Personnel Psychology
Theory and applications related to evaluating, selecting, and…
Organizational Psychology
Focuses on individual and group processes within organization…
139 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
I. Legal Issues... 1. Title VII of the Ci…
I. Legal Issues... 2. Uniform Guidelines…
I. Legal Issues... 3. Americans with Disa…
Qualified individual with disability
Title VII is the original Equal Employment Opportunity Act.…
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) created the Un…
States: Bans discrimination in employment, transportation, ac…
one who can perform the essential functions of the employment…
I. Legal Issues... 1. Title VII of the Ci…
Title VII is the original Equal Employment Opportunity Act.…
I. Legal Issues... 2. Uniform Guidelines…
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) created the Un…
20 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Which of the following statements abou…
Rosetta is a master electrician. Often…
What kind of team is formed when group…
What does research suggest about gende…
She attended Dartmouth University.
hostile environment
virtual
Gender-balanced teams performed better, as measured by sales…
Which of the following statements abou…
She attended Dartmouth University.
Rosetta is a master electrician. Often…
hostile environment
26 terms
industrial and organizational psychology
I/Q psychology
Goals of I/Q
major influences of I/Q
scientific management
the scientific study of the people in organizations ... industr…
improve productivity and efficiency, improve employee selection
scientific management, World War 1
frederick taylor: ... goal- determine the most efficient methods…
I/Q psychology
the scientific study of the people in organizations ... industr…
Goals of I/Q
improve productivity and efficiency, improve employee selection
Industrial/ Organizational Psychology
I/O psychologists seek to understand...
What is the secret sauce of I/O?
Complete the Authenticity Equation
All people should be treated with
...explain, predict, and change the behavior of people at work
What? Data... So What? Analysis... Now What? Action
AB=AB... Assumptions + Beliefs= Actions + Behaviors
dignity, compassion, integrity, and respect
I/O psychologists seek to understand...
...explain, predict, and change the behavior of people at work
What is the secret sauce of I/O?
What? Data... So What? Analysis... Now What? Action
Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Theory Needs to be?
Extraneous Variables
What is being manipulated
The variable of Interest, what is being measured
Testable, Useful, Generative
Anything other than IV, may contaminate results, anything you…
Independent Variable
What is being manipulated
Dependent Variable
The variable of Interest, what is being measured
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
What are the research focuses of indus…
What are the research focuses of organ…
What is the Hawthorne Effect?
What is mastery orientation?
More closely related to individual differences research (pers…
More interested in how individual adapts to work environment,…
When the workers were being payed attention to, they felt val…
Concerned with getting better, abilities can be improved with…
What are the research focuses of indus…
More closely related to individual differences research (pers…
What are the research focuses of organ…
More interested in how individual adapts to work environment,…
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
Industrial Psychology
Organizational Psychology
Scientist-Practioner Model
Structured Interviews
performance side of I-O Psych; organizational efficiency
wellbeing/morale of the individuals side of I-O Psych
research and practice; AT & T, U.S. Army, U.S. Postal Service…
each applicant recieves same questions
Industrial Psychology
performance side of I-O Psych; organizational efficiency
Organizational Psychology
wellbeing/morale of the individuals side of I-O Psych
Industrial Organizational Psychology
I/O Psychology
Dual Focus
Origins of I/O Psychology
Ergonomics/Human Factors
Branch of psychology concerned w/ study of behavior/work sett…
-Efficiency/productivity of organizations... -Health/well-being…
Founder --> Frank Taylor... -determine most efficient methods fo…
-Intersection of engineering and psychology... -Focuses on safet…
I/O Psychology
Branch of psychology concerned w/ study of behavior/work sett…
Dual Focus
-Efficiency/productivity of organizations... -Health/well-being…
INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Industrial and Organisational (I/O) Ps…
History of Contemporary I/O Psychology
Three Important Influences on the Deve…
The Advent of Scientific Management
applies the science of psychology to work and the workplace.…
has its roots in the history of industry, as well as the two…
scientific management, ergonomics, and the human relations ap…
the managerial philosophy that emphasizes the worker as a wel…
Industrial and Organisational (I/O) Ps…
applies the science of psychology to work and the workplace.…
History of Contemporary I/O Psychology
has its roots in the history of industry, as well as the two…
151 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Discrimination
Adverse Impact
Unfairness
Differential Validity
-There are three major problems that can result in this: Adve…
-Based on the 80% or 4/5ths rule, which states that the perce…
Occurs when minorities and non-minorities score differently o…
-Occurs when there are significantly different criterion-rela…
Discrimination
-There are three major problems that can result in this: Adve…
Adverse Impact
-Based on the 80% or 4/5ths rule, which states that the perce…
35 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
affective commitment
burnout
continuance commitment
downsizing
a kind of job commitment deriving from the employee's emotion…
a distressed psychological state in which a person experience…
a kind of job commitment deriving from the employee's percept…
a dramatic cutting of the workforce that is an increasingly p…
affective commitment
a kind of job commitment deriving from the employee's emotion…
burnout
a distressed psychological state in which a person experience…
29 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology
Industrial and Organizational
Knowledge
Skill
Ability
The science of behavior and mental processes in the workforce
What person already knows
How well a person does a particular task
A personals relatively enduring capacities in areas such as t…
Industrial and Organizational
The science of behavior and mental processes in the workforce
Knowledge
What person already knows
Industrial/organizational psychology
Applied Psychology
Basic research
industrial psychology
example of industrial psy
is the use of psychological methods and findings of scientifi…
The psychological research that investigates answers to scien…
tries to improve the efficiency and productivity of an organi…
recurring and selecting appropriate employees for jobs... placin…
Applied Psychology
is the use of psychological methods and findings of scientifi…
Basic research
The psychological research that investigates answers to scien…
19 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Lillian Gilbreth
Hawthorne Studies
Hawthorne Effect
Elton Mayo
Developed time and motion studies to increase productivity
How work conditions influence productivity
Productivity increases when workers are singled out and made…
developed revery obsession-a mental state resulting from mind…
Lillian Gilbreth
Developed time and motion studies to increase productivity
Hawthorne Studies
How work conditions influence productivity
45 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Quality of teams
Acceptance of teams
Reasons for using groups
group performance=
resource pooling, error correction, motivational gains
understanding why, voice/procedural justice
quality, acceptance
member individual contributions+group process gain-group proc…
Quality of teams
resource pooling, error correction, motivational gains
Acceptance of teams
understanding why, voice/procedural justice
Industrial organizational Psychology
I/O psychology
1. to enhance dignity and performance…
Personnel... Organizational... Human Factors…
selecting employees, training employee…
branch of psychology that applies the principle of psychology…
2 purpose of I/O
Major fields of I/O psychology
what does personnel psychology do?
I/O psychology
branch of psychology that applies the principle of psychology…
1. to enhance dignity and performance…
2 purpose of I/O
53 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology Exam 3
Formal Group
Informal Group
Social Identity Theory
Social Identity Tendencies
group defined by the organization's structure
alliances that are neither formally structured nor organizati…
considers when and why individuals consider themselves member…
Similarity- those who have similar values or characteristics…
Formal Group
group defined by the organization's structure
Informal Group
alliances that are neither formally structured nor organizati…
30 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology Chapter 2
Objectivity
Variables
Hypotheses
Theory/model
The unbiased approach to observation and interpretations of b…
The elements measured in research investigations
statements about the supposed relationships between or among…
the organization of beliefs into a representation of the fact…
Objectivity
The unbiased approach to observation and interpretations of b…
Variables
The elements measured in research investigations
43 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology Exam 3
stressors
moderators
strains
challenge related stressors
what causes stress
things that make it better or worse
the effect of stress
stressful, but you might gain something
stressors
what causes stress
moderators
things that make it better or worse
20 terms
Industrial vs Organizational Psychology
Deals with how to select people for th…
Concerned with how employees are integ…
Evaluates job stress
evaluates work motivation
Industrial Psychology
Organizational Psychology
organizational
organizational
Deals with how to select people for th…
Industrial Psychology
Concerned with how employees are integ…
Organizational Psychology
41 terms
EPPP: Industrial & Organizational Psychology 2
Gender Issues in Organizations: Physic…
Gender Issues in Organizations: Leader…
Gender Issues in Organizations: Decisi…
Motivation
Less attractive women are judged more suitable by male execut…
males & females do not consistently differ in terms of their…
Women tend to use participatory decision making, whereas men…
The sum of forces that produce, direct, & maintain effort exp…
Gender Issues in Organizations: Physic…
Less attractive women are judged more suitable by male execut…
Gender Issues in Organizations: Leader…
males & females do not consistently differ in terms of their…
26 terms
Chapter 15- Industrial/Organizational Psychology
job analysis
empowered
smart goals
industrial
the process of writing a detailed description of a position i…
feeling ___________ is feeling self motivated. if you want to…
specific... motivational ---> consequences... achievable... relevant... t…
job selection, job appraisal
job analysis
the process of writing a detailed description of a position i…
empowered
feeling ___________ is feeling self motivated. if you want to…
26 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology
industrial organizational psychology
role of work
industrial psychology (personnel psych…
organizational psychology
branch of psych. concerned with human behavior in the work en…
sense of identity. independence. accomplishment. provides str…
select indiv. for right positions. evaluating job performance…
integration of employees into work environment physically and…
industrial organizational psychology
branch of psych. concerned with human behavior in the work en…
role of work
sense of identity. independence. accomplishment. provides str…
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