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Study sets matching "industrial organizational psychology"

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Study sets matching "industrial organizational psychology"

152 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Motivation
Classical Approaches
Reinforcement Theory
Cognitive Regulation Theories
energetic forces that originate within as well as beyond an i…
motivation comes from within, and you motivate by satisfying…
behaviour is a function of consequences
motivation is a function of conscious decision making and can…
Motivation
energetic forces that originate within as well as beyond an i…
Classical Approaches
motivation comes from within, and you motivate by satisfying…
116 terms
EPPP: Industrial & Organizational Psychology
Criterion-Related Validity Coefficient
What is a criterion?
What is a co-efficient?
What is predictive validity?
The coefficient that represents the usefulness of a predictor…
A standard by which something may be judged.
A constant variable (e.g., gender) by which another variable…
This refers to "power" or usefulness of a test's scores to pr…
Criterion-Related Validity Coefficient
The coefficient that represents the usefulness of a predictor…
What is a criterion?
A standard by which something may be judged.
39 terms
Psychology: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
industrial psychology
organizational psychology
expensive decisions are based on
OCEAN
job analysis, predictors of job performance, performance appr…
leadership, work/life balance, motivation
intuition, first impression, opinions, and past experience (t…
openness (to new experiences), consciousness (to being strong…
industrial psychology
job analysis, predictors of job performance, performance appr…
organizational psychology
leadership, work/life balance, motivation
37 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Psychology+Workplace=
Industrial or Organizational side of I…
Industrial or Organizational side of I…
____ vs human approach, is I/O psychol…
I/O Psychology
Industrial Side
Organizational Side
efficiency
Psychology+Workplace=
I/O Psychology
Industrial or Organizational side of I…
Industrial Side
126 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
I/O Psychology
Psychology
1910
Walter Dill Scott
science of human behavior at work
Science of human behavior
Industrial Psych was a legitimate specialty area of psychology
First to apply psychology to personal selection & management…
I/O Psychology
science of human behavior at work
Psychology
Science of human behavior
87 terms
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
The Organizational Psychologist
Goals of an IO psychologist
Jobs of IO (Industrial)
The application of psychological principles to the work place
The study of organizations an the people who work in them.
to increase employee productivity, well being, and satisfacti…
job analysis, personnel selection, performance appraisal, tra…
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
The application of psychological principles to the work place
The Organizational Psychologist
The study of organizations an the people who work in them.
23 terms
industrial/organizational psychology
basic principles of learning
3 ways for measuring employee attributes
3 ways to promote effective job perfor…
job satisfaction assessment...
-transfer or training... -feedback:reinforce, suggest, encourage…
-physiological testing... -assessment centers... -interviews
training in task ... training in interpersonal skills... motivation
typically assess through surveys
basic principles of learning
-transfer or training... -feedback:reinforce, suggest, encourage…
3 ways for measuring employee attributes
-physiological testing... -assessment centers... -interviews
78 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology
Absolute Techniques - Subjective Perfo…
Adverse Impact
Americans with Disabilities Act
Big Five Personality Traits
Critical Incident Technique, critical incidents to rate each…
80% rule. Use of selection test or employment procedure resul…
Avoid procedures that discriminate against people with physic…
Factor analysis found neuroticism, extraversion, openness to…
Absolute Techniques - Subjective Perfo…
Critical Incident Technique, critical incidents to rate each…
Adverse Impact
80% rule. Use of selection test or employment procedure resul…
31 terms
Industrial & Organizational Psychology
Hawthorne effect
Human Factors Psychology
Industrial & Organizational (I-O) Psyc…
Industrial Psychology
increases in performance of individiduals who are notices, wa…
branch or psychology that studies how workers interact with t…
field in psychology that applies scientific principles to the…
branch of psychology that studies job characteristics, applic…
Hawthorne effect
increases in performance of individiduals who are notices, wa…
Human Factors Psychology
branch or psychology that studies how workers interact with t…
78 terms
Industrial organizational psychology
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
personnel psychology
organizational psychology
Human factors/ergonomics
A branch of psychology that applies the principles of psychol…
selection and evaluation of employees and training and develo…
investigates behavior of employees within the context of an o…
the interaction between humans and machines--focuses on ergon…
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
A branch of psychology that applies the principles of psychol…
personnel psychology
selection and evaluation of employees and training and develo…
72 terms
Industrial /Organizational Psychology
What are the key distinctions between…
Where do most I/O psychologists work?
What are the key distinctions between…
What are the key distinctions between…
I/o examines the factors that affect the people in an organiz…
In the work place
- analyzing jobs, recruiting, selection, compensation, traini…
- leadership, job satisfaction, employee motivation, organiza…
What are the key distinctions between…
I/o examines the factors that affect the people in an organiz…
Where do most I/O psychologists work?
In the work place
91 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology Final
Training Evaluation
Why should we engage in training evalu…
Kirkpatrick's Model of Training
Reaction Criteria
systematic collection of descriptive and judgmental informati…
-determine if trainees are meeting objectives of the training…
four level model used to categorize important training criter…
trainee's impression of the training program measures are som…
Training Evaluation
systematic collection of descriptive and judgmental informati…
Why should we engage in training evalu…
-determine if trainees are meeting objectives of the training…
19 terms
INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Industrial and organizational Psychology
industrial psychology
job analysis
person-oriented
science of psychology applied to work related settings
emphasis on how to use human resources to increase efficienty…
generating a detailed job description
focused on the characterstics of the person
Industrial and organizational Psychology
science of psychology applied to work related settings
industrial psychology
emphasis on how to use human resources to increase efficienty…
15 terms
industrial/organizational psychology
industrial/organization psychology
3 areas
personnel psychology (industrial)
steps involved in matching employees t…
applying psychological principles to the workplace
personnel, organizational, human factors (ergonomics)
goal is to match worker strengths to job demands and evaluate…
conduct job analysis to identify KSA's (knowledge, skills, ab…
industrial/organization psychology
applying psychological principles to the workplace
3 areas
personnel, organizational, human factors (ergonomics)
34 terms
Industrial - Organizational Psychology
The process of generating a descriptio…
The following program goals may be inc…
Teaching a new employee the essential…
mentoring
Job Analysis
- Familiarizing new hires to the organization's rules and reg…
training
is defined as a relationship between an experienced employee…
The process of generating a descriptio…
Job Analysis
The following program goals may be inc…
- Familiarizing new hires to the organization's rules and reg…
75 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology
Corresponding Effects
Common goal
Affiliation
Identification
An event that affects one member of a group will affect the o…
An aim or purpose shared by members of a group.
A leadership style in which the individual leads by caring ab…
The need to associate ourselves with the image projected by o…
Corresponding Effects
An event that affects one member of a group will affect the o…
Common goal
An aim or purpose shared by members of a group.
78 terms
INDUSTRIAL-ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
SOCIAL FACILITATION AND INHIBITION
SOCIAL LOAFING
BRAINSTORMING
FACTOR ANALYSES
SOCIAL FACILITATION refers to the increase in learning and pe…
SOCIAL LOAFING is the tendency of an individual to exert less…
BRAINSTORMING is a method of generating creative ideas that r…
FACTOR ANALYSES have identified five basic personality traits…
SOCIAL FACILITATION AND INHIBITION
SOCIAL FACILITATION refers to the increase in learning and pe…
SOCIAL LOAFING
SOCIAL LOAFING is the tendency of an individual to exert less…
94 terms
Industrial organizational Psychology
I/O psychology
1. to enhance dignity and performance…
Personnel... Organizational... Human Factors…
selecting employees, training employee…
branch of psychology that applies the principle of psychology…
2 purpose of I/O
Major fields of I/O psychology
what does personnel psychology do?
I/O psychology
branch of psychology that applies the principle of psychology…
1. to enhance dignity and performance…
2 purpose of I/O
11 terms
Intro to Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Purposes of Performance Appraisal
What performance criteria (What do you…
Characteristics of a good PA
Criterion Contamination, Relevance, an…
-Administrative Decisions ... -Employee Development & Feedback... -…
-Characteristics (ie. The validity of your criteria)... -Complex…
-Reliable... -Practical... -Fair... -Discrimination (differentiates ba…
Actual Criterion (actually measured)... -Contamination (things t…
Purposes of Performance Appraisal
-Administrative Decisions ... -Employee Development & Feedback... -…
What performance criteria (What do you…
-Characteristics (ie. The validity of your criteria)... -Complex…
83 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Griggs v Duke Power
Tests Must
Discrimination
Differential Validity
Testing of minorities faulted.
Focus on necessary skills for specific jobs
Adverse Impact & Unfairness
Significantly different criterion validity coefficients for d…
Griggs v Duke Power
Testing of minorities faulted.
Tests Must
Focus on necessary skills for specific jobs
131 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Attribution
Average rating (leniency) error
Behavioral observation scales (BOS)
Behaviorally anchored rating scales (B…
A source of error in performance appraisal in which raters at…
A source of error in performance appraisal in which a rater i…
A performance appraisal technique in which appraisers rate... th…
A performance appraisal technique in which appraisers... rate cr…
Attribution
A source of error in performance appraisal in which raters at…
Average rating (leniency) error
A source of error in performance appraisal in which a rater i…
25 terms
Industrial & Organizational Psychology
Suppose that a manager wants to increa…
Sally is interested in writing a resea…
One important objective of I/O psychol…
When Putting People First in the Organ…
Studying and then designing work stations to increase the eff…
understanding employees' cognition and behavior at work as we…
applying principles of psychology to solve problems at work.
job satisfaction
Suppose that a manager wants to increa…
Studying and then designing work stations to increase the eff…
Sally is interested in writing a resea…
understanding employees' cognition and behavior at work as we…
20 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Which of the following statements abou…
Rosetta is a master electrician. Often…
What kind of team is formed when group…
What does research suggest about gende…
She attended Dartmouth University.
hostile environment
virtual
Gender-balanced teams performed better, as measured by sales…
Which of the following statements abou…
She attended Dartmouth University.
Rosetta is a master electrician. Often…
hostile environment
22 terms
Industrial/ Organizational Psychology
Industrial/Organizational Psych
Job analysis
Job evaluation
Performance appraisal
Concerned with the study of behavior in work settings and the…
the study of tasks, duties, and responsibilities of a job and…
an assessment of the relative value of jobs to determine prop…
assessing worker performance
Industrial/Organizational Psych
Concerned with the study of behavior in work settings and the…
Job analysis
the study of tasks, duties, and responsibilities of a job and…
33 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
I/O psychology
W.L Bryan
Walter Dill Scott
Frederick Taylor
an area of scientific study and professional practice that ad…
the precursor of I/O psychology
influenced credibility of industrial psychology, used psychol…
Engineer, wrote Principles of Scientific Management, tried to…
I/O psychology
an area of scientific study and professional practice that ad…
W.L Bryan
the precursor of I/O psychology
42 terms
EPPP: Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Personnel Psychology
Organizational Psychology
Engineering Psychology
Job Analysis
Theory and applications related to evaluating, selecting, and…
Focuses on individual and group processes within organization…
Also called "human factors psychology" and "ergonomics", deal…
Purpose: to describe the precise requirements of a job. Produ…
Personnel Psychology
Theory and applications related to evaluating, selecting, and…
Organizational Psychology
Focuses on individual and group processes within organization…
26 terms
industrial and organizational psychology
I/Q psychology
Goals of I/Q
major influences of I/Q
scientific management
the scientific study of the people in organizations ... industr…
improve productivity and efficiency, improve employee selection
scientific management, World War 1
frederick taylor: ... goal- determine the most efficient methods…
I/Q psychology
the scientific study of the people in organizations ... industr…
Goals of I/Q
improve productivity and efficiency, improve employee selection
39 terms
Industrial/ Organizational Psychology
I/O psychologists seek to understand...
What is the secret sauce of I/O?
Complete the Authenticity Equation
All people should be treated with
...explain, predict, and change the behavior of people at work
What? Data... So What? Analysis... Now What? Action
AB=AB... Assumptions + Beliefs= Actions + Behaviors
dignity, compassion, integrity, and respect
I/O psychologists seek to understand...
...explain, predict, and change the behavior of people at work
What is the secret sauce of I/O?
What? Data... So What? Analysis... Now What? Action
42 terms
Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Theory Needs to be?
Extraneous Variables
What is being manipulated
The variable of Interest, what is being measured
Testable, Useful, Generative
Anything other than IV, may contaminate results, anything you…
Independent Variable
What is being manipulated
Dependent Variable
The variable of Interest, what is being measured
7 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Frederick Taylor
Hugo Munsterberg
Walter Bingham
James McKeen Cattell
Principles of Scientific Management
Marks the beginning of I/O Psych; wrote the book Psychology a…
Started the first academic program in I/O Psych at Carnegie I…
Founded the Psychological Corporation for the purpose of maki…
Frederick Taylor
Principles of Scientific Management
Hugo Munsterberg
Marks the beginning of I/O Psych; wrote the book Psychology a…
15 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Halo Effect
Contrast Effect
Aggression
360- degree Feedback
Global characteristics (such as attractive or likable) to det…
is a magnification or diminishment of perception as a result…
One study looked at both personal and situational variables a…
type of employee performance review in which subordinates, co…
Halo Effect
Global characteristics (such as attractive or likable) to det…
Contrast Effect
is a magnification or diminishment of perception as a result…
153 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Performance appraisals
Objective Performance criteria
Subjective performance criteria
criterion relevance
the formalized means of assessing worker performance in compa…
measures of job performance that are easily quantified
Measures of job performance that typically consist of ratings…
the extent to which the means of appraising performance is pe…
Performance appraisals
the formalized means of assessing worker performance in compa…
Objective Performance criteria
measures of job performance that are easily quantified
19 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Lillian Gilbreth
Hawthorne Studies
Hawthorne Effect
Elton Mayo
Developed time and motion studies to increase productivity
How work conditions influence productivity
Productivity increases when workers are singled out and made…
developed revery obsession-a mental state resulting from mind…
Lillian Gilbreth
Developed time and motion studies to increase productivity
Hawthorne Studies
How work conditions influence productivity
INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Industrial and Organisational (I/O) Ps…
History of Contemporary I/O Psychology
Three Important Influences on the Deve…
The Advent of Scientific Management
applies the science of psychology to work and the workplace.…
has its roots in the history of industry, as well as the two…
scientific management, ergonomics, and the human relations ap…
the managerial philosophy that emphasizes the worker as a wel…
Industrial and Organisational (I/O) Ps…
applies the science of psychology to work and the workplace.…
History of Contemporary I/O Psychology
has its roots in the history of industry, as well as the two…
151 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Discrimination
Adverse Impact
Unfairness
Differential Validity
-There are three major problems that can result in this: Adve…
-Based on the 80% or 4/5ths rule, which states that the perce…
Occurs when minorities and non-minorities score differently o…
-Occurs when there are significantly different criterion-rela…
Discrimination
-There are three major problems that can result in this: Adve…
Adverse Impact
-Based on the 80% or 4/5ths rule, which states that the perce…
35 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
affective commitment
burnout
continuance commitment
downsizing
a kind of job commitment deriving from the employee's emotion…
a distressed psychological state in which a person experience…
a kind of job commitment deriving from the employee's percept…
a dramatic cutting of the workforce that is an increasingly p…
affective commitment
a kind of job commitment deriving from the employee's emotion…
burnout
a distressed psychological state in which a person experience…
29 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology
Industrial and Organizational
Knowledge
Skill
Ability
The science of behavior and mental processes in the workforce
What person already knows
How well a person does a particular task
A personals relatively enduring capacities in areas such as t…
Industrial and Organizational
The science of behavior and mental processes in the workforce
Knowledge
What person already knows
32 terms
Industrial/organizational psychology
Applied Psychology
Basic research
industrial psychology
example of industrial psy
is the use of psychological methods and findings of scientifi…
The psychological research that investigates answers to scien…
tries to improve the efficiency and productivity of an organi…
recurring and selecting appropriate employees for jobs... placin…
Applied Psychology
is the use of psychological methods and findings of scientifi…
Basic research
The psychological research that investigates answers to scien…
45 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Quality of teams
Acceptance of teams
Reasons for using groups
group performance=
resource pooling, error correction, motivational gains
understanding why, voice/procedural justice
quality, acceptance
member individual contributions+group process gain-group proc…
Quality of teams
resource pooling, error correction, motivational gains
Acceptance of teams
understanding why, voice/procedural justice
20 terms
Industrial vs Organizational Psychology
Deals with how to select people for th…
Concerned with how employees are integ…
Evaluates job stress
evaluates work motivation
Industrial Psychology
Organizational Psychology
organizational
organizational
Deals with how to select people for th…
Industrial Psychology
Concerned with how employees are integ…
Organizational Psychology
41 terms
EPPP: Industrial & Organizational Psychology 2
Gender Issues in Organizations: Physic…
Gender Issues in Organizations: Leader…
Gender Issues in Organizations: Decisi…
Motivation
Less attractive women are judged more suitable by male execut…
males & females do not consistently differ in terms of their…
Women tend to use participatory decision making, whereas men…
The sum of forces that produce, direct, & maintain effort exp…
Gender Issues in Organizations: Physic…
Less attractive women are judged more suitable by male execut…
Gender Issues in Organizations: Leader…
males & females do not consistently differ in terms of their…
12 terms
Psychology in Employment (Industrial/ Organizational)
Employment Compensation
Claims for Mental Disability
Americans with Disabilities Act (1980)
What Psychologists Do
-Avoid regular tort system through agreement (employers insur…
Possible causes:... -physical injury... -traumatic incident/ contin…
Prevent employers from discriminating against mentally and ph…
-can mentally disabled person function in workplace... -can help…
Employment Compensation
-Avoid regular tort system through agreement (employers insur…
Claims for Mental Disability
Possible causes:... -physical injury... -traumatic incident/ contin…
22 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Hawthorne Effect
Industrial Psychology
Job Analysis
Employee Selection
productivity increases when workers are singled out and made…
Emphasis on how to use HR to increase efficiency and producti…
Generating a Detailed Job Description, Job-oriented Descripti…
Testing, Interviews, Work Samples & Mock Tasks
Hawthorne Effect
productivity increases when workers are singled out and made…
Industrial Psychology
Emphasis on how to use HR to increase efficiency and producti…
26 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology
industrial organizational psychology
role of work
industrial psychology (personnel psych…
organizational psychology
branch of psych. concerned with human behavior in the work en…
sense of identity. independence. accomplishment. provides str…
select indiv. for right positions. evaluating job performance…
integration of employees into work environment physically and…
industrial organizational psychology
branch of psych. concerned with human behavior in the work en…
role of work
sense of identity. independence. accomplishment. provides str…
18 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Openness
Conscientiousness
Extraversion
Agreeableness
Showing imagination, seeking novelty and variety
Paying attention to procedures and details, following rules,…
Being social, affectionate, fun-loving
Being trusting, having the tendency to get along with others…
Openness
Showing imagination, seeking novelty and variety
Conscientiousness
Paying attention to procedures and details, following rules,…
39 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology
What is Industrial Organizational Psyc…
What is psychology
What do Industrial-organizational psyc…
What are the four fields of I/O Psycho…
A branch of psychology that applies the principles of psychol…
the scientific study of mental processes (covert) and human b…
apply psychological theories to explain and enhance the effec…
Personnel Psychology... Organizational Psychology... Human Factors/…
What is Industrial Organizational Psyc…
A branch of psychology that applies the principles of psychol…
What is psychology
the scientific study of mental processes (covert) and human b…
46 terms
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Wilhelm Wundt
Method of Introspection
Hugo Munsterberg
James Cattel
The founder of scientific psychology... • Trained many of the... ea…
Goal was to map the "generalized human mind"... • Wundt's primar…
Student of Wundt... • Founded a lab at... Harvard in 1892
One of the first to use individual differences to predict beh…
Wilhelm Wundt
The founder of scientific psychology... • Trained many of the... ea…
Method of Introspection
Goal was to map the "generalized human mind"... • Wundt's primar…
7 terms
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Hawthorne Effect
Hawthorne Studies
Industrial/Organizational psychology
O*Net
An effect in which individuals change or improve some facet o…
A series of well-known studies conducted under the leadership…
Scientific study of behavior in organizational settings and t…
A vast database of occupational information containing data o…
Hawthorne Effect
An effect in which individuals change or improve some facet o…
Hawthorne Studies
A series of well-known studies conducted under the leadership…
20 terms
Industrial/ Organizational Psychology
Job analysis
Job oriented approach
Person oriented approach
KSAOs
Method for describing jobs and/ or the human attributes neces…
An approach used to provide information about the tasks done…
An approach used to provide description of the characteristic…
Characteristics of a person required to perform a job success…
Job analysis
Method for describing jobs and/ or the human attributes neces…
Job oriented approach
An approach used to provide information about the tasks done…
87 terms
Industrial Organizational Psychology
Title VII of the civil rights act of 1…
Uniform guidelines on employee selection
Americans With Disabilities Act
Qualified individual with disability
This Act states that one cannot discriminate on the basis of…
According to these guidelines, the use of any test that adver…
This Act bans discrimination in employment, transportation, a…
Is one who can perform the essential functions of the employm…
Title VII of the civil rights act of 1…
This Act states that one cannot discriminate on the basis of…
Uniform guidelines on employee selection
According to these guidelines, the use of any test that adver…
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