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Study sets matching "inertia"

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Study sets matching "inertia"

17 terms
Inertia and Friction
What is the tendancy of an object to r…
Newton's First law states that obj at…
What is Newton's 2nd law of Motion?
Acceleration • mass = ?
Inertia
True
Object will accelerate in direction of stronger force (net fo…
Force
What is the tendancy of an object to r…
Inertia
Newton's First law states that obj at…
True
6 terms
02 Inertia
Newton's First Law of Motion
Inertia
force
net force
also known as the law of inertia: An object continues in a st…
The property of things to resist changes in motion
a push or pull
the vector sum of all the forces that act on an object
Newton's First Law of Motion
also known as the law of inertia: An object continues in a st…
Inertia
The property of things to resist changes in motion
5 terms
Mass and Inertia
The larger the mass the _______ the in…
Inertia depends the _________ of the o…
A object with a small mass would have…
The less inertia an object has, the __…
larger
mass
inertia
less
The larger the mass the _______ the in…
larger
Inertia depends the _________ of the o…
mass
6 terms
Moment of Inertia
Rod
Rod (axis at end)
Hoop
Disk
1/12ml^2
1/3ml^2
mr^2
1/2mr^2
Rod
1/12ml^2
Rod (axis at end)
1/3ml^2
24 terms
Inertia and Forces
Scalar
Vector
distance
displacement
measurement with magnitude only; no direction
measurement with magnitude and direction
measurement of the path an object travels; scalar
distance with direction from the starting point to the ending…
Scalar
measurement with magnitude only; no direction
Vector
measurement with magnitude and direction
9 terms
moments of inertia
rod, axis through center
rod, axis through end
rectangular plate, axis through center
rectangular plate, axis along edge
1/12 M (a²+b²)
1/3 M a²
rod, axis through center
rod, axis through end
10 terms
Inertia cards
Copernicus
Galileo
Friction
Newtons first law
-First person who discovered that the earth goes around the s…
-Did motion experiment with ramps (inclined planes)... -Got arre…
a force that happens when materials touch while moving past e…
-Law of inertia... -Any object continues in a state of rest or s…
Copernicus
-First person who discovered that the earth goes around the s…
Galileo
-Did motion experiment with ramps (inclined planes)... -Got arre…
10 terms
Vocab - Inertia
Inertia
Mass
Weight
Friction
The tendency of an object at rest to stay at rest or the obje…
The amount of matter in an object
The force due to gravity on a body
The force that resists the motion between two objects
Inertia
The tendency of an object at rest to stay at rest or the obje…
Mass
The amount of matter in an object
12 terms
Inertia Vocab
Force
Natural motion
Violent motion
Nicholas Copernicus
causes a change in motion, push or pull
thought to be straight up or straight down
imposed on an object, causes forces that are pushed or pulled
an astronomer who formulated a theory that the earth moved ar…
Force
causes a change in motion, push or pull
Natural motion
thought to be straight up or straight down
11 terms
Inertia Terms
Dynamics
Force
mass
Weight
the study of the relationship between motion and the forces a…
causes of motion
gives an object a reluctance to change its current state of m…
A force measured in Newtons.
Dynamics
the study of the relationship between motion and the forces a…
Force
causes of motion
12 terms
Inertia and Momentum
acceleration
Velocity
Inertia
Momentum
any change in the speed or direction of a moving object.
the speed and direction of a moving object.
the tendency of an object to remainin motion or to stay at re…
a quantity that measures both the mass of an object and how f…
acceleration
any change in the speed or direction of a moving object.
Velocity
the speed and direction of a moving object.
14 terms
Inertia Test
Galileo contribution to physics
Law of Inertia
Mass
How are mass and weight different
(Discovered) For something to stay at rest, objects need to b…
An object in motion will stay in motion (straight line, const…
A measure of inertia (kg)
Mass= quantity of matter in an object (gases count too)... Weigh…
Galileo contribution to physics
(Discovered) For something to stay at rest, objects need to b…
Law of Inertia
An object in motion will stay in motion (straight line, const…
12 terms
Inertia quiz
Interia
Moving interia
Resting inertia
The amount of interina an o eject has…
A body in motion, stays in motion, A body at reat, stays at r…
Is called momentum
Nomentum or restia
Mass
Interia
A body in motion, stays in motion, A body at reat, stays at r…
Moving interia
Is called momentum
24 terms
Inertia Quiz
Intertia
Force
Mass
What is mass a measure of?
Tendency for objects to remain at rest or in constant motion
The push or pull on an object
The amount of matter in a given body
Inertia
Intertia
Tendency for objects to remain at rest or in constant motion
Force
The push or pull on an object
16 terms
Gravity and Inertia
What are the 2 forces that keep object…
What is gravity?
What is force?
What determines gravity?
gravity ... inertia
the attractive force between objects
force is a push or pull
Mass and distance
What are the 2 forces that keep object…
gravity ... inertia
What is gravity?
the attractive force between objects
13 terms
Gravity and Inertia
Force
Gravity
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
The 2 factors that affect the strength…
A push or a pull
A force that attracts all objects toward each other.
Every object in the universe attracts every other object
1. Mass 2. Distance
Force
A push or a pull
Gravity
A force that attracts all objects toward each other.
11 terms
Inertia Quiz
inertia
net force
equilibrium
force
The resistance an object has to a change in its state of moti…
combination of all forces acting on an object
when the net force is zero
Any push or pull
inertia
The resistance an object has to a change in its state of moti…
net force
combination of all forces acting on an object
30 terms
Inertia Test
Inertia
Aristotle
Natural Motion
violent motion
the tendency of a body to maintain is state of rest or unifor…
one of the most important founding figures in western philoso…
belief by Aristotle, objects move to find their "homes", or n…
motion caused by an external, imposed action; some force must…
Inertia
the tendency of a body to maintain is state of rest or unifor…
Aristotle
one of the most important founding figures in western philoso…
19 terms
Inertia test
Force
Balanced force
Unbalanced force
Gravity
Is a push or pull with a magnitude and direction.
Is a equal force that is stationary and has a net force of 0
Is an unequal force on an object that cause it to be put in m…
Is a force that pushes objects with mass to the center of the…
Force
Is a push or pull with a magnitude and direction.
Balanced force
Is a equal force that is stationary and has a net force of 0
20 terms
Inertia quiz
Inertia
Force
Normal force (Fn)
Force of gravity (Fg)
The resistance of any physical object to any change in its st…
A push or a pull
the ​force that ​keeps two ​surfaces ​touching, but does not…
A force of attraction between objects ... -proportional to mass…
Inertia
The resistance of any physical object to any change in its st…
Force
A push or a pull
8 terms
Inertia Quiz
What is inertia?
What is the net force?
What is equilibrium?
What is a force?
The resistance an object has to a change in its state of moti…
combination of all forces acting on an object
when the net force is zero
Any push or pull
What is inertia?
The resistance an object has to a change in its state of moti…
What is the net force?
combination of all forces acting on an object
18 terms
Gravity and Inertia
What are the 2 forces that keep object…
What is gravity?
What is force?
What is mass?
gravity ... inertia
the attractive force between objects
force is a push or pull
mass is the amount of matter in an object... the greater the mas…
What are the 2 forces that keep object…
gravity ... inertia
What is gravity?
the attractive force between objects
5 terms
Lesson 7: Inertia
Inertia
Kinetic Energy
Mass
Velocity
Property of matter that makes matter resist a change in motion.
Energy associated with moving bodies. Kinetic energy is calcu…
The measure of the amount of matter in a body. The mass of a…
The rate at which an object changes its position.
Inertia
Property of matter that makes matter resist a change in motion.
Kinetic Energy
Energy associated with moving bodies. Kinetic energy is calcu…
24 terms
Chapter 3: Forces & Inertia
Inertia
Mass
As mass increases, inertia
Equilibrium
The tendency of an object to resist changes in its motion.
The amount of matter in a substance
Increases
When all forces balance (are equal)
Inertia
The tendency of an object to resist changes in its motion.
Mass
The amount of matter in a substance
8 terms
Inertia study guide
Copernicus
Galileo
When rolling downball speeds up, when…
Friction
Born in 1473 - first to figure out earth revolved around the…
Born in 1564 - public with Copernicus's idea... Under house arrest
A force that happens when materials touch while moving past e…
Copernicus
Born in 1473 - first to figure out earth revolved around the…
Galileo
Born in 1564 - public with Copernicus's idea... Under house arrest
Rotational inertia
Solid sphere
Solid cylinder/disk symmetrical axis
Hoop symmetry axis
Rod about the center
I=two fifths MR^2
I=one half MR^2
I=MR^2
I=one twelfth ML^2
Solid sphere
I=two fifths MR^2
Solid cylinder/disk symmetrical axis
I=one half MR^2
14 terms
science inertia
Equilibrium
Force
Friction
Gravity
A state of balance
A push or a pull
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Equilibrium
A state of balance
Force
A push or a pull
25 terms
Motion/inertia
Aristotle's two types of Motion
Natural Motion
Violent motion
Aristotle's idea of natural state of o…
Violent motion and natural motion
thought to be straight up or down. It was natural for heavy t…
imposed motion, motion that results from forces that push or…
Aristotle thought that the natural state of objects were at r…
Aristotle's two types of Motion
Violent motion and natural motion
Natural Motion
thought to be straight up or down. It was natural for heavy t…
7 terms
physics inertia
Newton's first law
Net force
Newton's second law
An object is in equilibrium when?
Object remain either at rest/continue moving in a straight li…
The vector sum of 2 or more forces on an object
The acceleration of an object is proportional to the net forc…
The net force on it is zero
Newton's first law
Object remain either at rest/continue moving in a straight li…
Net force
The vector sum of 2 or more forces on an object
22 terms
Science-Inertia
a climber pulls up on the rope causing…
a smaller cannon ball leaves a cannon…
two bumper cars collide into each othe…
an object at rest will stay at rest. a…
3
2
1
1
a climber pulls up on the rope causing…
3
a smaller cannon ball leaves a cannon…
2
9 terms
Rotational Inertia
Hoop (Central Axis)
Ring
Cylinder about central axis
Cylinder about central diameter
MR²
½M(R₁²+R₂²)
½MR²
¼MR²+¹/₁₂ML²
Hoop (Central Axis)
MR²
Ring
½M(R₁²+R₂²)
8 terms
Inertia formulas
Formula for a solid cylinder along its…
cylinder along its central diameter (…
Hoop about its axis of symmetry ( thro…
Hoop about its diameter ( from the top…
1/2MR^2
1/4*M*R^2 + 1/12MM*M*R^2 + 1/12*M*L^2
M*R^2
1/2MR^2
Formula for a solid cylinder along its…
1/2MR^2
cylinder along its central diameter (…
1/4*M*R^2 + 1/12MM*M*R^2 + 1/12*M*L^2
20 terms
Physics inertia
Aristotle
Copernicus
Galileo
Galileo
natural and violet motion
Observed the earth moving around the sun
Tried to eliminate friction from experiments
Supported Copernicus
Aristotle
natural and violet motion
Copernicus
Observed the earth moving around the sun
12 terms
Physics Inertia
Force
Inertia
Inertial Reference Frame
Mass
A push or a pull
TENDENCY of an object to remain at constant velocity
Any frame in which Newton's laws are valid
Amount of matter in a given object
Force
A push or a pull
Inertia
TENDENCY of an object to remain at constant velocity
physics : inertia
friction
inertia
Newton's first law or the Law of Inertia
mass
force that results from the motion or pending motion of one s…
the property of a body to resist change, especially in its mo…
every object continues in a state of rest, or in a state of m…
a measure of inertia of an object =. it also is a measure of…
friction
force that results from the motion or pending motion of one s…
inertia
the property of a body to resist change, especially in its mo…
11 terms
Science- inertia
surface
friction
force
law of motion
the outside or exterior of an object. Rough surfaces create m…
a force that slows motion is caused by two things rubbing tog…
a push or pull. forces can start objects moving, bring than t…
the law has 2 parts: 1) an object at rest will stay at rest u…
surface
the outside or exterior of an object. Rough surfaces create m…
friction
a force that slows motion is caused by two things rubbing tog…
8 terms
physics inertia
Thin rod, about center
Thin rod, about end
Plane or slab, about center
Plane or slab, about edge
(1/12)ML^2
(1/3)ML^2
(1/12)Ma^2
(1/3)Ma^2
Thin rod, about center
(1/12)ML^2
Thin rod, about end
(1/3)ML^2
Science Inertia
Copernicus
Galileo
Friction
Inertia
He came up with the idea that the Earth revolves around the s…
He agrees with Copernicus's Science and tells the public that…
Type of force/push or pull... force that happens when objects t…
Is when objects do not like to change their motion if they ar…
Copernicus
He came up with the idea that the Earth revolves around the s…
Galileo
He agrees with Copernicus's Science and tells the public that…
Inertia, speeds
Motion
Inertia
Weight
Speed
The action or process of moving or being moved.
a property of matter by which it continues in its existing st…
the force exerted on the mass of a body by a gravitational fi…
rapidity of movement or action.
Motion
The action or process of moving or being moved.
Inertia
a property of matter by which it continues in its existing st…
9 terms
Rotational Inertia
Hoop about central axis
Annular ring about central axis
Solid cylinder or disk about central a…
Solid cylinder or disk about central d…
I = MR²
I = .5M(R₁² + R₂²)
I = .5MR²
I = .25MR² + (1/12)ML²
Hoop about central axis
I = MR²
Annular ring about central axis
I = .5M(R₁² + R₂²)
9 terms
Rotational Inertia
Hoop about central axis
ring about central axis
Solid cylinder about central axis
Solid cylinder about central diameter
MR^2
0.5M(R1^2+R2^2)
0.5MR^2
0.25MR^2 + ML^2/12
Hoop about central axis
MR^2
ring about central axis
0.5M(R1^2+R2^2)
12 terms
physics inertia
friction
inertia
Newton's first law (law of inertia)
mass
force that results from the motion or pending motion of one s…
the property of a body to resist change, especially in its mo…
every object continues in a state of rest, or in a state of m…
a measure of the inertia of an object... measure of the quantity…
friction
force that results from the motion or pending motion of one s…
inertia
the property of a body to resist change, especially in its mo…
35 terms
Inertia & Momentum
Define Inertia?
Mass
Weight
Linear Inertia
-a resistance to change in motion, specifically a resistance…
-Symbol (m)... - the amount of "stuff" in an object... -direct rela…
-Symbol (W)... -Force due to gravity; acting only in the downwar…
- L=m x V... - must include both mass (m) and linear velocity (v…
Define Inertia?
-a resistance to change in motion, specifically a resistance…
Mass
-Symbol (m)... - the amount of "stuff" in an object... -direct rela…
12 terms
Physics inertia
first law of motion
mass
inertia
kilograms
every object continues in a state of rest, or of uniform spee…
the amount of inertia an object has depends on its ...
the more mass an object an object has, the greater its...
mass is usually measured in ...
first law of motion
every object continues in a state of rest, or of uniform spee…
mass
the amount of inertia an object has depends on its ...
16 terms
Physics Inertia
True
F net
Newtons first law (object in motion st…
Mass
To get an object to accelerate, (speed up, slow down or chang…
The result of adding all forces that act on an object
The law of Inertia
What does inertia depend on
True
To get an object to accelerate, (speed up, slow down or chang…
F net
The result of adding all forces that act on an object
6 terms
Moments of Inertia
Hollow Cylinder
Solid Cylinder
Hollow Sphere
Solid Sphere
MR2
1/2 MR2
2/3 MR2
2/5 MR2
Hollow Cylinder
MR2
Solid Cylinder
1/2 MR2
8 terms
Moment of Inertia
Disc through center
thin hoop through the center
thin hollow Cylinder through center
solid cylinder through center
(1/2) MR^2
MR^2
MR^2
(1/2)MR^2
Disc through center
(1/2) MR^2
thin hoop through the center
MR^2
15 terms
Inertia and equilibrium
Inertia
Force
Gravitational force
Weight
Greater mass shows a greater resistance to changing velocity…
An interaction (push or pull) between 2 objects and it is the…
Occurs between any 2 objects, even if one of them is not a pl…
Its interaction with the earth's gravitational field, a long…
Inertia
Greater mass shows a greater resistance to changing velocity…
Force
An interaction (push or pull) between 2 objects and it is the…
8 terms
Moments of Inertia
Point mass
Thin hoop
Cylindrical shell
Solid thin disk
1
1
1
1/2
Point mass
1
Thin hoop
1
26 terms
Physics Inertia
A force is a ______ or _______
forces are measured in?
1 N is how many Kg?
weight is a force because it is due to…
push or pull
Newtons(N)
1kg m/s/s
gravity
A force is a ______ or _______
push or pull
forces are measured in?
Newtons(N)
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