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Study sets matching "infants"

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Study sets matching "infants"

121 terms
INFANTS
frequency of sounds, duration of sound…
stress
intonation
phonemes and combinations of phonemes
the prosodic characteristics of speech include what?
the prominence placed on certain syllables of multisyllabic w…
prominence placed on certain syllables, but also applies to e…
the phonetic details of speech include what?
frequency of sounds, duration of sound…
the prosodic characteristics of speech include what?
stress
the prominence placed on certain syllables of multisyllabic w…
13 terms
Infants
Brayden Boling
Lily Duncan
Thea Greenman
Cooper Greenwaldt
Megan, Devan
Jennifer, Joseph
Anna, Brian
Tammi, Ervy
Brayden Boling
Megan, Devan
Lily Duncan
Jennifer, Joseph
59 terms
Infants
birth wt doubles
birth wt triples
neuro
respiratory
by 6 mos
by 1 yr
involuntary movements turn into purposeful movements
slows and matures... narrow passages with less alveoli = inc ris…
birth wt doubles
by 6 mos
birth wt triples
by 1 yr
8 terms
Infants
Needs of infants
Patterns of infant development
Factors that influence infant developm…
How much weight an babies should gain…
food, sleep, sensory stimulation, exercise, love & nurturance
head to foot, near to far, simple to complex
heredity, nutrition, health, experiences, environment
10 to 14 pounds
Needs of infants
food, sleep, sensory stimulation, exercise, love & nurturance
Patterns of infant development
head to foot, near to far, simple to complex
infants
galant reflex
tonic neck reflex (fencing reflex) may…
the presence of this reflex is critica…
if still present at age 1 indicates an…
truncal incurvation, hip turns with stroking of back, symmetr…
1 month
startle reflex(moro)
babinski
galant reflex
truncal incurvation, hip turns with stroking of back, symmetr…
tonic neck reflex (fencing reflex) may…
1 month
44 terms
Infants
reflexive period
Cooing and Laughter
Vocal Play - Expansion
marginal babbling
• Sounds of discomfort or distress and vegetative sounds (bur…
• Vowel like sounds ... • Sounds are mostly produced in the back…
• Produce isolated vowels sounds ... • Experimenting with loudne…
• Containing consonant-like and vowel-like sounds with prolon…
reflexive period
• Sounds of discomfort or distress and vegetative sounds (bur…
Cooing and Laughter
• Vowel like sounds ... • Sounds are mostly produced in the back…
48 terms
Infants
what is the use of hands for grasping,…
what must be present for prehension?
which is first to be developed?
what is it reaching called early on in…
prehension
reach, grasp, manipulation
grasp (newborn grasps person's finger)
visually triggered reaching
what is the use of hands for grasping,…
prehension
what must be present for prehension?
reach, grasp, manipulation
52 terms
Infants
Acculturate
Bond
Cognitive
Conceptualize
Change to meet cultural standards
Build a mutual positive relationship
Thinking ability
To understand, to form an idea of or a picture in the mind
Acculturate
Change to meet cultural standards
Bond
Build a mutual positive relationship
17 terms
Infants
Weight doublesby
Weight triples by
Birth length increases by 50%
Posterior fontanel
6 months
12 months
By 12 months
8 weeks
Weight doublesby
6 months
Weight triples by
12 months
17 terms
Infants
Weight doublesby
Weight triples by
Birth length increases by 50%
Posterior fontanel
6 months
12 months
By 12 months
8 weeks
Weight doublesby
6 months
Weight triples by
12 months
Infants
Weight
Height/length
1-3 months
4 months
5-7 ounces per week for first 6 months... 3-5 ounces per week fo…
increases by 1 inch per month
after 3 months baby develops own immunity and gets sick often…
produce saliva, hold head steady, reach for things, secondary…
Weight
5-7 ounces per week for first 6 months... 3-5 ounces per week fo…
Height/length
increases by 1 inch per month
Infants
Erikson Stage
Piaget stage
temperament
degrees of fit
trust v mistrust, delayed gratification
sensorimotor phase... separation, object permanence, symbols, m…
refers to behavioral tendencies, not behavioral acts - does n…
easy, difficult, slow to warm up
Erikson Stage
trust v mistrust, delayed gratification
Piaget stage
sensorimotor phase... separation, object permanence, symbols, m…
29 terms
Infants
1 month
1 month
2 months
2 months
demonstrates head lag
has a grasp reflex
lifts head off mattress
holds hands in open position
1 month
demonstrates head lag
1 month
has a grasp reflex
32 terms
Infants
binocularity
stereopsis
human face visual preference
sinus arrhythmia
-fixation of two ocular images into one cerebral picture (fus…
-depth perception... -begins to develop by age 7-9 mo but may ex…
-6 weeks: picture of a face with eyes is more interesting tha…
-as an infant grows, the HR slows... -rate increases with inspir…
binocularity
-fixation of two ocular images into one cerebral picture (fus…
stereopsis
-depth perception... -begins to develop by age 7-9 mo but may ex…
19 terms
Infants
Abel
Allen
Amelia
Blakely
Mike and Brenda
Krsitin and Hershel
Sarah and aaron
Dylan and Madison
Abel
Mike and Brenda
Allen
Krsitin and Hershel
infants
acculturate
cognitive
conceptualize
denial
change to meet cultural standards
thinking ability
to understand to form an idea of or picture in the mind
refusal to believe or acknowledge
acculturate
change to meet cultural standards
cognitive
thinking ability
61 terms
Infants
Zygote
Nagele's rule
Germinal stage (0-2 wks)
pregnancy in the fallopian tube
fertilized ovum
take the first day of last menstrual period: add 7 days and s…
-zygote enters period of rapid cell division... - travels to fal…
epcomic pregnancy
Zygote
fertilized ovum
Nagele's rule
take the first day of last menstrual period: add 7 days and s…
30 terms
infants
Care of the Newborn/Infant
No Pressure, But...
Screenings
Theories of Infant Development
• The Nurse Practitioner's goal of providing excellent primar…
• The NP must have a thorough handle on:... ○ Anatomy and physi…
• Newborn Metabolic Screen... • Ballard or Dubowitz development…
• Brazelton: Five "touchpoints" when infants experience major…
Care of the Newborn/Infant
• The Nurse Practitioner's goal of providing excellent primar…
No Pressure, But...
• The NP must have a thorough handle on:... ○ Anatomy and physi…
53 terms
Infants
Growth & Development
Weight
Baby is born weighing 8 pounds. How mu…
Rate of growth
Cephalocaudal: Head to toe... Growth occurs in a predictable pat…
Birth weight doubles at 5-6 months... Triples at 12 months
6 months - 16 pounds... 12 months - 24 pounds
Gains 5-7 ounces per week... 1 inch in length per month
Growth & Development
Cephalocaudal: Head to toe... Growth occurs in a predictable pat…
Weight
Birth weight doubles at 5-6 months... Triples at 12 months
51 terms
Infants
Weight gain
Height
Head growth
Fontanels
5-7 oz/week... Double birth wt by 6 mo, triple by 1 yr
1 in/mo b-6 mo... 50% increase by 1 yr, mainly in trunk... Grows fr…
2 cm b-3 mo, 1 cm/mo 4-6 mo... Increases by 33% by end of 1 yr
Posterior closes by 6-12 wks... Anterior closes by 12-18 mo
Weight gain
5-7 oz/week... Double birth wt by 6 mo, triple by 1 yr
Height
1 in/mo b-6 mo... 50% increase by 1 yr, mainly in trunk... Grows fr…
25 terms
Infants
wt
ht
Head
posterior fontanelle
doubles 1st 5-6 months... triples by end of 1st year
spurts... inc 50% by end of 1st yr (trunk)
approx. 33-35 cm at birth... inc 33% by end of 1st yr
6-8 wk closes
wt
doubles 1st 5-6 months... triples by end of 1st year
ht
spurts... inc 50% by end of 1st yr (trunk)
21 terms
Infants
Accommodation
Assimilation
Socialization
Scheme
Change our schema to fit characteristics of new object
Fitting objects and experienced into schemes
Leaning rules of behavior from culture
Specific plan for knowing world
Accommodation
Change our schema to fit characteristics of new object
Assimilation
Fitting objects and experienced into schemes
18 terms
infants
brain
brains built over time from bottom up
interaction of genes and experience sh…
cognitive emotional and social capacit…
development triples in size during first 5 years, grows 1/4 t…
pruning: natural process of weeding out unnecessary connectio…
serve and return: back and forth interactions between parent/…
inextricably intertwined throughout life
brain
development triples in size during first 5 years, grows 1/4 t…
brains built over time from bottom up
pruning: natural process of weeding out unnecessary connectio…
17 terms
Infants
1 month
2 months
3 months
4 months
Demonstrate Head lag, Has a grasp reflex
Lifts head off mattress, Holds hands in an open position
Raises head and shoulders off mattress, No longer has a grasp…
Rolls from back to side and Places objects in mouth
1 month
Demonstrate Head lag, Has a grasp reflex
2 months
Lifts head off mattress, Holds hands in an open position
13 terms
Infants
Henley
Sydney
Adam
Valerie
Zach & Amberly
Ken & Jaclyn
Chris & Liz
Kyle & Tressa
Henley
Zach & Amberly
Sydney
Ken & Jaclyn
23 terms
Infants
APGAR score
0-3
4-6
7-10
quick test which determines how well the newborn tolerated th…
AGPAR score showing the child needs immediate cardiac and res…
AGPAR score showing the child is in poor condition and may ne…
AGPAR score of good condition
APGAR score
quick test which determines how well the newborn tolerated th…
0-3
AGPAR score showing the child needs immediate cardiac and res…
30 terms
Infants
mean birth weight
infant iron stores
5 months
Signs of food intolerance
7.0-7.5 lbs
infants are born with iron reserves that last for the first 4…
tongue extrusion reflex and can move semi-solid to back of mo…
diarrhea, vomiting, rash
mean birth weight
7.0-7.5 lbs
infant iron stores
infants are born with iron reserves that last for the first 4…
78 terms
infants
infant
lesson objectives
general appearance
physical growth
1 month - 1 year
define terms and give examples of basic developmental princip…
face grows rapidly ... trunk/limbs lengthen ... back/limb muscles d…
physical, emotional, social, neuromuscular growth are concurr…
infant
1 month - 1 year
lesson objectives
define terms and give examples of basic developmental princip…
102 terms
Infants
0-1 month
0-1 month
0-1 month
0-1 month
reflexes present
hands predominately closed
assumes flexed position
uses all 5 senses
0-1 month
reflexes present
0-1 month
hands predominately closed
26 terms
Infants
Small for gestational age types
Term
Age plotting on charts
Frequency of measurements
Symmetrical: BW, length and HC all small... Asymmetrical-small B…
37-42 weeks
birth-24 mo round up to the nearest half month, for 2-19 year…
0-2 mo=monthly... 2-6 mo=q 2 mo... 6-24 mo=q 3 mo
Small for gestational age types
Symmetrical: BW, length and HC all small... Asymmetrical-small B…
Term
37-42 weeks
75 terms
Infants
primitive reflexes disappear
moro, tonic, rooting disappear
tooth eruption lower
upper incisors
3 months
4 months
6 months, chewing and biting occur
7 months
primitive reflexes disappear
3 months
moro, tonic, rooting disappear
4 months
13 terms
Infants
Assimilation
Accomodation
Stage 1. Sensorimotor
Object permanence
Children first try to understand new things in terms of schem…
Altering of adjusting old schemes to fit new information and…
Kids explore the world using their senses and ability to move…
Knowledge that an object exists even when it is not in sight
Assimilation
Children first try to understand new things in terms of schem…
Accomodation
Altering of adjusting old schemes to fit new information and…
14 terms
Infants
Posterior fontanel
Anterior fontanel
Weight
Birth weight
Closes by 6 to 8 weeks
Closes by 12 to 18 months of age
Gain about 5-7 oz per week the first 6 months of life.
DOUBLED by age 6 months and TRIPLED by the age of 12 months.
Posterior fontanel
Closes by 6 to 8 weeks
Anterior fontanel
Closes by 12 to 18 months of age
50 terms
Infants
Growth
Development
Genetic
Developmental task
Increase in physical size or a Quantitative change
Increase in skill or ability to function or a Qualitative cha…
Moment of conception when a sperm and ovum fuse
Skill or growth responsibility
Growth
Increase in physical size or a Quantitative change
Development
Increase in skill or ability to function or a Qualitative cha…
30 terms
Infants
physical development
intellectual development
social and emotional development
what age are all sense organs used?
growth in the ability to use bodies and physical skills.
how people learn, what they learn, and how they express what…
a persons mental health and the ability to sustain positive r…
at birth.
physical development
growth in the ability to use bodies and physical skills.
intellectual development
how people learn, what they learn, and how they express what…
11 terms
Infants
Freud
Oral Stage
Erikson
Trust vs Mistrust
Oral Stage
A child's primary source of pleasure is through the mouth, vi…
Trust vs Mistrust
Children learn to either trust or mistrust their caregivers;…
Freud
Oral Stage
Oral Stage
A child's primary source of pleasure is through the mouth, vi…
11 terms
infants
immunizaitons
extrusion reflex
thumb opposition
pincer grasp
Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, ... HiB, - influenza B... PVC, - pn…
Thrusting tongue movements that automatically push food out o…
ability to bring the thumb and fingers together - 4 months
10 months - pick up crumbs
immunizaitons
Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, ... HiB, - influenza B... PVC, - pn…
extrusion reflex
Thrusting tongue movements that automatically push food out o…
22 terms
infants
6-8mo
teething
3-4mo
breastfed
stranger fear become prominent
at 6-8mo, drooling, swollen gums, irritability, low grade tem…
nocturnal pattern of sleep should be developed, 9-11 hours an…
these infants usually sleep for shorter periods with more fre…
6-8mo
stranger fear become prominent
teething
at 6-8mo, drooling, swollen gums, irritability, low grade tem…
82 terms
Infants
Infancy time
Birth weight
1st 6 months gains __ lbs per month, s…
Avg wt for 1 year old?
Birth-1 year
- Doubles by 6 months... - Triples by 1 year
...
22 lbs
Infancy time
Birth-1 year
Birth weight
- Doubles by 6 months... - Triples by 1 year
33 terms
Infants
Apgar
Infant
Preterm
Maconium aspiration most likely at
1 and 5 min check... 0-3 Rususcitate... 3-6 support- stimulate, war…
38-42 weeks
Less than 38 weeks
Post term greater than 42 weeks
Apgar
1 and 5 min check... 0-3 Rususcitate... 3-6 support- stimulate, war…
Infant
38-42 weeks
113 terms
Infants
What age is an infant
When is the most rapid period of growth
What is the average weight gain in fir…
When should the birth weight be doubled
Birth to 12 months
1st 6 months
1 1/2 lb per month
5 months
What age is an infant
Birth to 12 months
When is the most rapid period of growth
1st 6 months
36 terms
Infants
APGAR score definition
APGAR scoring
Reflexes should be....
rooting/sucking
-quick test which determines how well the newborn tolerated t…
-0-3: need immediate cardiac and respiratory assistance ... -4-6…
-symmetrical... -asymmetries that's consistent and demonstrated…
rooting- mouth moves towards touch that's near mouth ... sucking…
APGAR score definition
-quick test which determines how well the newborn tolerated t…
APGAR scoring
-0-3: need immediate cardiac and respiratory assistance ... -4-6…
32 terms
Infants
___ motor skills begin to replace refl…
____ and ___ increases at rates faster…
____ grasp replaces ____ grasp
Posterior fontanel closes first by __…
voluntary
weight, height
pincer, palmer
8
___ motor skills begin to replace refl…
voluntary
____ and ___ increases at rates faster…
weight, height
20 terms
Infants
Palmar grasp
Crude pincer
Fine pincer
Head control
4-5 months
8-9 months
11-12 months
4-6 months
Palmar grasp
4-5 months
Crude pincer
8-9 months
47 terms
Infants
How much weight gain do infants have p…
When should infant's birth weight doub…
When should infant's birth weight trip…
For infants, height increases by 1 inc…
5 to 7 ounces
6 months
1 year
6
How much weight gain do infants have p…
5 to 7 ounces
When should infant's birth weight doub…
6 months
45 terms
Infants
APGAR Score
APGAR Scoring topics
NBAS
Infant states
a quick test which determines how well the newborn tolerated…
1. heart rate--> >100... 2. Respiratory effort--> good, crying... 3…
A guide to understand the newborns language... - scale reveals i…
- state of consciousness... - provide framework for observing an…
APGAR Score
a quick test which determines how well the newborn tolerated…
APGAR Scoring topics
1. heart rate--> >100... 2. Respiratory effort--> good, crying... 3…
8 terms
Infants
Infancy
Macronutrients 0-6 months
Macronutrients 7-12 months
Micronutrients in Human Milk
-0-12 months... -Major growth occurs at this stage... -Organs conti…
-Kcals- 108 kcal/kg/day... -Protein- 9g per day... -Carbs- 60g per…
-Kcals- 98kcal/kg/day... -Protein- 11 g per day... -Carbs- 95g per…
-1 mg/kg/day of iron... -10 ug/day of vitamin D... -0.25 mg/day of…
Infancy
-0-12 months... -Major growth occurs at this stage... -Organs conti…
Macronutrients 0-6 months
-Kcals- 108 kcal/kg/day... -Protein- 9g per day... -Carbs- 60g per…
15 terms
Infants
What is the goal for visual acuity wit…
What age ranges defines infants?
What types of fixation targets are use…
Fixate and Follow
The goal is symmetry between the two eyes.
newborn - 18 months
big, bright, and colorful targets... high contrast targets
a gross estimate of acuity... 30 - 40 cm... have a child fixate on…
What is the goal for visual acuity wit…
The goal is symmetry between the two eyes.
What age ranges defines infants?
newborn - 18 months
128 terms
Infants
measure height in infants *laying down…
measure head circumference routinely u…
which comes first: gross or fine movem…
infancy is how long?
2
2
gross
1 month to 1 year
measure height in infants *laying down…
2
measure head circumference routinely u…
2
26 terms
Infants
Perception
Intonation (perception)
Speech sounds (perception)
Categorical perception
Children have superior perceptual abilities; better than adults
Begins before birth, prefer mom's voice
Discover individual speech sounds that occur in steams of spe…
Listeners tend to percieve speech sounds according to phonemi…
Perception
Children have superior perceptual abilities; better than adults
Intonation (perception)
Begins before birth, prefer mom's voice
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