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Study sets matching "infection"

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Study sets matching "infection"

35 terms
Infection
microorganisms
non pathogenic organisms
Pathogen
normal flora
Living organisms (germs)
microbes that do not cause disease or infection
a disease causing microbe
microbes that are necessary for the body to function correctl…
microorganisms
Living organisms (germs)
non pathogenic organisms
microbes that do not cause disease or infection
14 terms
INFECTION
Neisseria meningitides
Meningitis
Meningococcemia
Meningitis pathogens
gram negative diplococci... Transmission: respiratory droplets…
Clinical: Fever, headache, cloudy consciousness, neck stiffne…
Fever, tachycardia, hypotension, shock, toxemia, purpura (sim…
<2months: Listeria cytomonogenes, E. coli, Strep. agalactiae…
Neisseria meningitides
gram negative diplococci... Transmission: respiratory droplets…
Meningitis
Clinical: Fever, headache, cloudy consciousness, neck stiffne…
81 terms
Infection
Types of infectious agents
Symbiotic
Commensal
Pathogenic
1- Prion... 2- Viruses... 3- Bacteria... 4- Fungi... 5- Chlamydia... 6- Rick…
benefit to both partners ( host & microbe) e.g. normal gut fl…
Microorganism sharing food with host without causing harm
Microorganism cause harm to host
Types of infectious agents
1- Prion... 2- Viruses... 3- Bacteria... 4- Fungi... 5- Chlamydia... 6- Rick…
Symbiotic
benefit to both partners ( host & microbe) e.g. normal gut fl…
10 terms
infection
is everything all right?
don't worry
it will be fine
infection
everything ok?
it will be ok
is everything all right?
everything ok?
don't worry
53 terms
Infection
microorganism or microbe
nonpathogen
pathogen
Bacteria
A small living organism, not visible to the naked eye. Found…
Microorganisms that are part of the normal flora of the body…
Microorganisms that cause infection and disease.
Simple, one celled organisms that multiply rapidly and are cl…
microorganism or microbe
A small living organism, not visible to the naked eye. Found…
nonpathogen
Microorganisms that are part of the normal flora of the body…
20 terms
Infection
Antibody
Aseptic Technique
Bacillus
Bacteria
An antigen-binding immunoglobulin, produced by B cells, that…
A procedure performed under sterile conditions.
A cylindrical or rod-shaped bacterium.
Single-celled microorganisms that are often aggregated into c…
Antibody
An antigen-binding immunoglobulin, produced by B cells, that…
Aseptic Technique
A procedure performed under sterile conditions.
24 terms
infection
dehydartion
•Use additional contraception.
•Renal impairment
BUN
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is abo…
A health care professional is caring for a patient who takes…
A primary care provider should prescribe a lower dose of Cefr…
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is abo…
dehydartion
A health care professional is caring for a patient who is abo…
•Use additional contraception.
A health care professional is caring for a patient who takes…
63 terms
infection
Infection is the
Location infection
Duration infection
Source infection
invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues…
Localized infection versus disseminated infection versus syst…
Acute infection versus chronic infection
Hospital-acquired/health care-acquired infection versus commu…
Infection is the
invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues…
Location infection
Localized infection versus disseminated infection versus syst…
7 terms
Infection
1. Explain the relationship between th…
2. Describe the process used to preven…
3. Explain conditions that promote the…
4. Identify laboratory and diagnostic…
transmission is part of the chain of infection... 1. infectious…
Nursing interventions to prevent hospital acquired infections…
Susceptibility to an infectious agent depends on the individu…
Since most cases of diarrhea resolve quickly, stool cultures…
1. Explain the relationship between th…
transmission is part of the chain of infection... 1. infectious…
2. Describe the process used to preven…
Nursing interventions to prevent hospital acquired infections…
59 terms
Infection
Human Bite
Animal Bite
Fresh Water
Aquarium
Eikenella corrodens
P. multocida or C. canimorsus
Aeromonas hydrophila
Mycobacterium marinum
Human Bite
Eikenella corrodens
Animal Bite
P. multocida or C. canimorsus
34 terms
Infection
Ross river fever
Rubella
Salmonellosis
Scabies
...
...
...
...
Ross river fever
...
Rubella
...
19 terms
Infection
What Growing Microbes Need
Identifying Microbes
Bacteria
Gram Stain
oxygen, carbohydrates, correct pH, correct temperature, cultu…
cell culture, immunoassay, electron microscope
unicellular, do not need living host, come in shapes (rods, s…
based on chemical composition of cell wall and used to choose…
What Growing Microbes Need
oxygen, carbohydrates, correct pH, correct temperature, cultu…
Identifying Microbes
cell culture, immunoassay, electron microscope
37 terms
Infection
Mutual microorganism/human relationship
Commensals
obligate pathogens
opportunistic organisms
-normal microflora- commensals... -relationship can be breached…
-bacteria that doesn't cause any problems in the body... -helps…
-pathogens that are not supposed to be there, bad. ... -take ove…
-pathogen that clings to immuncompromised people
Mutual microorganism/human relationship
-normal microflora- commensals... -relationship can be breached…
Commensals
-bacteria that doesn't cause any problems in the body... -helps…
20 terms
Infection
Antibody
Aseptic Technique
Bacillus
Bacteria
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
refers to the procedure used to avoid the introduction of pat…
a disease-causing bacterium
plural form of bacterium
Antibody
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
Aseptic Technique
refers to the procedure used to avoid the introduction of pat…
23 terms
Infection
Chain of Infection
Infectious Agents
Reservoir
Portal of Exit
Infectious Agents ... Reservoir... Portal of Exit... Mode of Transmiss…
Pathogens... Normal flora that become pathogenic
Where pathogens live and multiply... May be living... Humans (Car…
Bodily fluids... Coughing, sneezing, diarrhea... Seeping wounds... Tub…
Chain of Infection
Infectious Agents ... Reservoir... Portal of Exit... Mode of Transmiss…
Infectious Agents
Pathogens... Normal flora that become pathogenic
41 terms
Infection
Pathogenicity
Virulence
Sporadic
Endemic
Capacity of microbe to cause disease
Degree of pathogenicity; influenced by invasive qualities (mo…
In single individual
Continuous transmission within a population
Pathogenicity
Capacity of microbe to cause disease
Virulence
Degree of pathogenicity; influenced by invasive qualities (mo…
22 terms
Infection
CJD: Clinical presentation
CJD: MRI
CJD: CSF
CJD: EEG
Dementia, ataxia, visual loss, myoclonus
Hyperintensity in basal ganglia on T2
May see increased protein; R/O syphilis... CSF protein known as…
Bilateral periodic sharp wave complexes (PSWCs) are seen in 6…
CJD: Clinical presentation
Dementia, ataxia, visual loss, myoclonus
CJD: MRI
Hyperintensity in basal ganglia on T2
26 terms
Infection
Infection
Types of infection
Bacterial infection
Viral infection
Invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues…
Bacterial viral fungal protozoal parasitic
Opportunistic site immune status verse pathogenic. Gram-posit…
Replicate by taking over cellular processes death of virus ca…
Infection
Invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues…
Types of infection
Bacterial viral fungal protozoal parasitic
9 terms
infection
best isotope to assess spine osteomyel…
TcHMPAO binds to what type of white ce…
111Indium binds to what type of white…
the target organ of 67-gallium
gallium
neutrophils only
mixed leukocytes including neutrophils and others
large bowel at 4-5 rads
best isotope to assess spine osteomyel…
gallium
TcHMPAO binds to what type of white ce…
neutrophils only
29 terms
infection
infection
dressing
apply
completely excluded
fertőzés
öltözés
használ
teljesen kizárt
infection
fertőzés
dressing
öltözés
74 terms
Infection
empirical therapy
culture
sensitivity
prophylactic therapy
- therapy based on experience... - therapy begun on basis of a c…
- microbial growth on or in a nutritional solid or liquid med…
- clinical observation, the proportion of people who truly ha…
- preventative treatment (therapy)... - any agent or regimen tha…
empirical therapy
- therapy based on experience... - therapy begun on basis of a c…
culture
- microbial growth on or in a nutritional solid or liquid med…
15 terms
Infection
Communicability
Immunogenicity
Entry portal
Mechanism of action
Ability to spread from person to person
Ability to produce an immune response
How disease infects the host
How disease damages cells
Communicability
Ability to spread from person to person
Immunogenicity
Ability to produce an immune response
33 terms
infection
infection
microorganisms
nonpathogens
pathogens
the invasion and multiplication microorganisms that are not n…
are small living bodies that are not visible to the naked eye
maintain body processes,not harmful
cause infection and disease
infection
the invasion and multiplication microorganisms that are not n…
microorganisms
are small living bodies that are not visible to the naked eye
34 terms
Infection
chain of infection
3 reservoirs of infection
Pathogens
3 categories of Infection
Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmis…
Human, animal, environment
Bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic (protozoan)
Hospital acquired infection (nosocomial infection), Secondary…
chain of infection
Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmis…
3 reservoirs of infection
Human, animal, environment
139 terms
infection
what is the incubation period?
what is the prodromal stage?
what is the invasion stage?
what is convalescence?
first exposure to first symptom of infection
it is the second stage that isn't specific or severe
the state of infection (most serious stage)
recovery stage (so signs or symptoms)
what is the incubation period?
first exposure to first symptom of infection
what is the prodromal stage?
it is the second stage that isn't specific or severe
11 terms
Infection
Reservoirs
Carriers
Zoonoses
Nonliving Reservoirs
For a disease to perpetuate, a continual source of the diseas…
Human, living reservoirs. Incubation period of the disease oc…
Animal, living reservoirs. Rabies and Lyme disease are exampl…
Soil and water.
Reservoirs
For a disease to perpetuate, a continual source of the diseas…
Carriers
Human, living reservoirs. Incubation period of the disease oc…
Infection
Infection
Incubation period
Prodromal period
Acute period
develops if the host has lowered resistance because of fatigu…
From entry of pathogen (disease causing organism) into the bo…
When person feels something is wrong "i don't feel good"
Clinical signs peak - disease is fully developed - length of…
Infection
develops if the host has lowered resistance because of fatigu…
Incubation period
From entry of pathogen (disease causing organism) into the bo…
93 terms
Infection
INFECTION
What is the main protection against in…
What happens when one gets an infectio…
Pathogen
Infection is an invasion of body tissue by microorganisms (in…
Skin
The human body has many protective systems that promote homeo…
microorganism or agent capable of producing disease---note th…
INFECTION
Infection is an invasion of body tissue by microorganisms (in…
What is the main protection against in…
Skin
14 terms
Infection
Pathogenic Agents/Microorganism
Viruses
Bacteria
Protozoa
A pathogen is a disease-causing microorganism that grows in o…
Infectious particles with a core of genetic material wrapped…
Microscopic, single-celled organisms.
Single-celled eukaryotic microorganisms. Larger than bacteria…
Pathogenic Agents/Microorganism
A pathogen is a disease-causing microorganism that grows in o…
Viruses
Infectious particles with a core of genetic material wrapped…
28 terms
Infection
What type of infectious agent:... - Has d…
What type of infectious agent:... - Has n…
What are examples of parasitic worms?
What are common similarities with the…
Fungi
Prions
- Protozoa... - Helminths
All 3 have no cell wall & must live inside cell to metabolize
What type of infectious agent:... - Has d…
Fungi
What type of infectious agent:... - Has n…
Prions
74 terms
infection
acute infections
airborne precautions
antibody
antiseptics
generally appear suddenly and last a short time
used for clients who are known to have or suspected of having…
primary and secondary responses decline with aging
agents that inhibit the growth of some microorganisms
acute infections
generally appear suddenly and last a short time
airborne precautions
used for clients who are known to have or suspected of having…
43 terms
Infection
what is the #1 cause of death in the w…
what is infectivity?
In person-to-person transmission, what…
Increased infectivity also increases _…
infectious diseases
# of infectious particles required for a person to actually b…
secondary attack rate
secondary infections
what is the #1 cause of death in the w…
infectious diseases
what is infectivity?
# of infectious particles required for a person to actually b…
24 terms
INFECTION
1. What are the major factors affectin…
2. What changes occur in the older adu…
3. What is pneumonia? How does it deve…
4. What groups are high risk for pneum…
Host susceptibility... Age, heredity, level of stress (physical…
Greatest increase in septicemia is > 65 yo... CV changes... Respira…
Acute inflammation of lung parenchyma
Significant morbidity and mortality especially in high risk g…
1. What are the major factors affectin…
Host susceptibility... Age, heredity, level of stress (physical…
2. What changes occur in the older adu…
Greatest increase in septicemia is > 65 yo... CV changes... Respira…
27 terms
Infection
HIV related dermatoses are?
4 variants of Kaposi's sarcoma are?
Characteristics of classic type of Kap…
What is Kaposi's sarcoma
- Pruritus & nodular prurigo: Th2 predominance: Elevated IgE,…
1. iatrogenic/ immunosuppression... 2. classic... 3. African endemi…
-common in elderly men in Mediterranean and middle European... -…
is the disease of the blood vessels (endothelium), due to man…
HIV related dermatoses are?
- Pruritus & nodular prurigo: Th2 predominance: Elevated IgE,…
4 variants of Kaposi's sarcoma are?
1. iatrogenic/ immunosuppression... 2. classic... 3. African endemi…
31 terms
Infection
Cycle of Infection
Defense against Infection
Types of Exudate
Infectious Process
Infectious Agent > Reservoir > Port of Exit > Mode of Transmi…
-Intact skin and mucous membranes... -nasal passages- cilia... -lun…
Serous, Purulent, Sanguinous, Serosanguineous.
4 stages... - Incubation Period... - Prodromal Stage... - Illness Stag…
Cycle of Infection
Infectious Agent > Reservoir > Port of Exit > Mode of Transmi…
Defense against Infection
-Intact skin and mucous membranes... -nasal passages- cilia... -lun…
60 terms
Infection
IV tube touched med cart what to do?
Pt has methicillin resistant Staphyloc…
Clostridium difficile require?
Airborne or droplet precautions
Contaminated and can cause systemtic infection.... -change the t…
Protective contact items?... Gloves ... Gown... Goggles - a places of…
Contact precautions necessary for colonization or infection w…
For organism that is transferred via the respiratory route.
IV tube touched med cart what to do?
Contaminated and can cause systemtic infection.... -change the t…
Pt has methicillin resistant Staphyloc…
Protective contact items?... Gloves ... Gown... Goggles - a places of…
14 terms
infection
Pathogen... Describe what it can look it.
Mucous membranes... Draw a diagram of this.
Platelets... What are the body elements i…
Prothrombin... Outline the process.
An organism that causes disease
The lining of body cavities and passages that communicate dir…
Blood clotting
a constituent of the plasma of the blood of vertebrates; it i…
Pathogen... Describe what it can look it.
An organism that causes disease
Mucous membranes... Draw a diagram of this.
The lining of body cavities and passages that communicate dir…
15 terms
Infection
infection
1. A infectious agent or pathogen- the…
1. incubation period... 2. prodromal peri…
hand hygiene
The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tis…
what is the chain of infection?
Stages of infection: ... 1.Interval between entrance of pathogen…
What is the most effective way to prevent chain of infection?
infection
The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tis…
1. A infectious agent or pathogen- the…
what is the chain of infection?
16 terms
Infection
what is infection?
what will make the infection happen?
How can you break " The Infection Chai…
what are agents of infection?
The process of infecting or the state of being infected
1. Body defenses break down... 2. Climate for infection created:…
1. Medical asepsis... 2. Standard precautions... 3. Body substance…
1. Viruses... 2. Bacteria... 3. Fungi... 4. Parasites
what is infection?
The process of infecting or the state of being infected
what will make the infection happen?
1. Body defenses break down... 2. Climate for infection created:…
26 terms
Infection
Suprainfections
Prodermal Stage
Incubation Period
Chicken Pox Incubation Period
The use of broad spectrum antibiotics for the treatment of in…
Interval of nonspecfic signs and symptoms (malaise, low grade…
Interval between entrance of pathogen into the body and appea…
10-21 days
Suprainfections
The use of broad spectrum antibiotics for the treatment of in…
Prodermal Stage
Interval of nonspecfic signs and symptoms (malaise, low grade…
42 terms
INFECTION
Communicable Disease
infectious disease
asepsis
medical asepsis
illness directily transferred from one person to another by c…
any communicable disease caused by microorganisms that are co…
absence of disease causing microorganisms. It decreases the p…
confine a specific microorganism to a specific area and limit…
Communicable Disease
illness directily transferred from one person to another by c…
infectious disease
any communicable disease caused by microorganisms that are co…
58 terms
Infection
do some sport have specific associated…
what can an infection do to an athlete?2
what is the J curve represent for infe…
what happens during a successful infec…
yes
Affect training and performance... • Implication for opponents o…
sedentary-moderate risk... moderate intensity-low risk... high inte…
• Attaches and enters the body... • Local/general spread... • Multi…
do some sport have specific associated…
yes
what can an infection do to an athlete?2
Affect training and performance... • Implication for opponents o…
34 terms
Infection
A primary care provider is considering…
You are caring for a patient who is ta…
A primary care provider should prescri…
Which of the following drugs should a…
Cefotetan (cephalosporin)... Metrondiazole (anti-parasitic)
Bleeding
Renal impairment
Erythromycin (a macrolide; acceptable alternative to penicill…
A primary care provider is considering…
Cefotetan (cephalosporin)... Metrondiazole (anti-parasitic)
You are caring for a patient who is ta…
Bleeding
14 terms
Infection Control
pathogens
6 requirements in chain of infection
hand washing
handling dirty linens
cause of infection
1. pathogen... 2. reservoir... 3. portal of exit... 4. method of trans…
most important way to control spread of infection
away from body, wearing gloves
pathogens
cause of infection
6 requirements in chain of infection
1. pathogen... 2. reservoir... 3. portal of exit... 4. method of trans…
23 terms
Infection
Trypanosoma cruzi
plasmodium malaria
trichomonas vaginalis
toxoplasma gondii
trypanosomiasis or chaga's disease
malaria
trichomoniasis or STI
toxoplasmosis
Trypanosoma cruzi
trypanosomiasis or chaga's disease
plasmodium malaria
malaria
16 terms
infection
TB
strep
syphilis
cold
bacteria
bacteria
bacteria
virus
TB
bacteria
strep
bacteria
30 terms
Infection
emergent
re-ermgent infection
inflammatory respone
infectious disease
an infection that progressively gets worse
an infection that was thought to be gone, but came back
Can be triggered by (trama: physical injury) and Infection (t…
invasion by pathogen and the host's response
emergent
an infection that progressively gets worse
re-ermgent infection
an infection that was thought to be gone, but came back
47 terms
Infection
Components of the Infection Cycle
Infectious Agent
Reservoir
Portal of Exit
Infectious agent, Reservoir, Portal of Exit, Means of transmi…
Bacteria, Virus, Fungi
Natural habitat of the organism. Ex - patient
Point of escape for the organism out of the reservoir. Ex - s…
Components of the Infection Cycle
Infectious agent, Reservoir, Portal of Exit, Means of transmi…
Infectious Agent
Bacteria, Virus, Fungi
47 terms
Infection
Components of the Infection Cycle
Infectious Agent
Reservoir
Portal of Exit
Infectious agent, Reservoir, Portal of Exit, Means of transmi…
Bacteria, Virus, Fungi
Natural habitat of the organism. Ex - patient
Point of escape for the organism out of the reservoir. Ex - s…
Components of the Infection Cycle
Infectious agent, Reservoir, Portal of Exit, Means of transmi…
Infectious Agent
Bacteria, Virus, Fungi
28 terms
Infection
Successful infection
Local Defense
Inflammatory defense
Specific Immunity
-Attach/enter body... • Local/general spread... • Multiplication... •…
Skin/mucous membranes/cilia/acid/IgA... -skin damage common in a…
PMNs, macrophages, complement... -affected by training
B and T lymphocytes... -affected by training
Successful infection
-Attach/enter body... • Local/general spread... • Multiplication... •…
Local Defense
Skin/mucous membranes/cilia/acid/IgA... -skin damage common in a…
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