Study sets matching "infection"

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Study sets matching "infection"

14 terms
INFECTION
Neisseria meningitides
Meningitis
Meningococcemia
Meningitis pathogens
gram negative diplococci... Transmission: respiratory droplets…
Clinical: Fever, headache, cloudy consciousness, neck stiffne…
Fever, tachycardia, hypotension, shock, toxemia, purpura (sim…
<2months: Listeria cytomonogenes, E. coli, Strep. agalactiae…
Neisseria meningitides
gram negative diplococci... Transmission: respiratory droplets…
Meningitis
Clinical: Fever, headache, cloudy consciousness, neck stiffne…
81 terms
Infection
Types of infectious agents
Symbiotic
Commensal
Pathogenic
1- Prion... 2- Viruses... 3- Bacteria... 4- Fungi... 5- Chlamydia... 6- Rick…
benefit to both partners ( host & microbe) e.g. normal gut fl…
Microorganism sharing food with host without causing harm
Microorganism cause harm to host
Types of infectious agents
1- Prion... 2- Viruses... 3- Bacteria... 4- Fungi... 5- Chlamydia... 6- Rick…
Symbiotic
benefit to both partners ( host & microbe) e.g. normal gut fl…
35 terms
Infection
microorganisms
non pathogenic organisms
Pathogen
normal flora
Living organisms (germs)
microbes that do not cause disease or infection
a disease causing microbe
microbes that are necessary for the body to function correctl…
microorganisms
Living organisms (germs)
non pathogenic organisms
microbes that do not cause disease or infection
10 terms
infection
is everything all right?
don't worry
it will be fine
infection
everything ok?
it will be ok
is everything all right?
everything ok?
don't worry
63 terms
infection
Infection is the
Location infection
Duration infection
Source infection
invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues…
Localized infection versus disseminated infection versus syst…
Acute infection versus chronic infection
Hospital-acquired/health care-acquired infection versus commu…
Infection is the
invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues…
Location infection
Localized infection versus disseminated infection versus syst…
59 terms
Infection
Human Bite
Animal Bite
Fresh Water
Aquarium
Eikenella corrodens
P. multocida or C. canimorsus
Aeromonas hydrophila
Mycobacterium marinum
Human Bite
Eikenella corrodens
Animal Bite
P. multocida or C. canimorsus
37 terms
Infection
Mutual microorganism/human relationship
Commensals
obligate pathogens
opportunistic organisms
-normal microflora- commensals... -relationship can be breached…
-bacteria that doesn't cause any problems in the body... -helps…
-pathogens that are not supposed to be there, bad. ... -take ove…
-pathogen that clings to immuncompromised people
Mutual microorganism/human relationship
-normal microflora- commensals... -relationship can be breached…
Commensals
-bacteria that doesn't cause any problems in the body... -helps…
20 terms
Infection
Antibody
Aseptic Technique
Bacillus
Bacteria
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
refers to the procedure used to avoid the introduction of pat…
a disease-causing bacterium
plural form of bacterium
Antibody
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
Aseptic Technique
refers to the procedure used to avoid the introduction of pat…
23 terms
Infection
Chain of Infection
Infectious Agents
Reservoir
Portal of Exit
Infectious Agents ... Reservoir... Portal of Exit... Mode of Transmiss…
Pathogens... Normal flora that become pathogenic
Where pathogens live and multiply... May be living... Humans (Car…
Bodily fluids... Coughing, sneezing, diarrhea... Seeping wounds... Tub…
Chain of Infection
Infectious Agents ... Reservoir... Portal of Exit... Mode of Transmiss…
Infectious Agents
Pathogens... Normal flora that become pathogenic
43 terms
Infection
what is the #1 cause of death in the w…
what is infectivity?
In person-to-person transmission, what…
Increased infectivity also increases _…
infectious diseases
# of infectious particles required for a person to actually b…
secondary attack rate
secondary infections
what is the #1 cause of death in the w…
infectious diseases
what is infectivity?
# of infectious particles required for a person to actually b…
14 terms
infection
Pathogen... Describe what it can look it.
Mucous membranes... Draw a diagram of this.
Platelets... What are the body elements i…
Prothrombin... Outline the process.
An organism that causes disease
The lining of body cavities and passages that communicate dir…
Blood clotting
a constituent of the plasma of the blood of vertebrates; it i…
Pathogen... Describe what it can look it.
An organism that causes disease
Mucous membranes... Draw a diagram of this.
The lining of body cavities and passages that communicate dir…
24 terms
INFECTION
1. What are the major factors affectin…
2. What changes occur in the older adu…
3. What is pneumonia? How does it deve…
4. What groups are high risk for pneum…
Host susceptibility... Age, heredity, level of stress (physical…
Greatest increase in septicemia is > 65 yo... CV changes... Respira…
Acute inflammation of lung parenchyma
Significant morbidity and mortality especially in high risk g…
1. What are the major factors affectin…
Host susceptibility... Age, heredity, level of stress (physical…
2. What changes occur in the older adu…
Greatest increase in septicemia is > 65 yo... CV changes... Respira…
Infection
rash
wound
antiseptic
baby powder
rash
wound
Infection
CJD: Clinical presentation
CJD: MRI
CJD: CSF
CJD: EEG
Dementia, ataxia, visual loss, myoclonus
Hyperintensity in basal ganglia on T2
May see increased protein; R/O syphilis... CSF protein known as…
Bilateral periodic sharp wave complexes (PSWCs) are seen in 6…
CJD: Clinical presentation
Dementia, ataxia, visual loss, myoclonus
CJD: MRI
Hyperintensity in basal ganglia on T2
139 terms
infection
what is the incubation period?
what is the prodromal stage?
what is the invasion stage?
what is convalescence?
first exposure to first symptom of infection
it is the second stage that isn't specific or severe
the state of infection (most serious stage)
recovery stage (so signs or symptoms)
what is the incubation period?
first exposure to first symptom of infection
what is the prodromal stage?
it is the second stage that isn't specific or severe
Infection!
Order these causes of infection by siz…
What is the definition of a parasite?…
What is the difference between an endo…
What is a protozoa?
...
...
...
...
Order these causes of infection by siz…
...
What is the definition of a parasite?…
...
14 terms
Infection Control
pathogens
6 requirements in chain of infection
hand washing
handling dirty linens
cause of infection
1. pathogen... 2. reservoir... 3. portal of exit... 4. method of trans…
most important way to control spread of infection
away from body, wearing gloves
pathogens
cause of infection
6 requirements in chain of infection
1. pathogen... 2. reservoir... 3. portal of exit... 4. method of trans…
40 terms
Infection Control
Allergy
Contagious disease
Contamination
Decontamination
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemica…
disease that is spread by contact from one person to another
the presence of blood or other potentially infectious materia…
the removal of blood or other potentially infectious material…
Allergy
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemica…
Contagious disease
disease that is spread by contact from one person to another
59 terms
Infections
Impetigo
Impetigo (Bullous)
Impetigo (non-bullous)
MRSA
Common, contagious, superficial skin infections most often se…
mostly caused by Staphylococcus aureus
mostly caused by Streptococcus
methicillin resistant=resistant to penicillin
Impetigo
Common, contagious, superficial skin infections most often se…
Impetigo (Bullous)
mostly caused by Staphylococcus aureus
Infections
Enterotoxin
Exofoliatintoxin
Folliculitis
Furuncle
Food Posioning
Scalded Skin Syndrome
infection of 1+ hair follicle
Boil, follicle + accessory gland, painful, pus accumulation
Enterotoxin
Food Posioning
Exofoliatintoxin
Scalded Skin Syndrome
85 terms
Infections
Apthous ulcer
Apthous ulcer (cause)
Apthous ulcer (microbiologic)
Apthous ulcer (nutrition)
one of the most common causes of non-traumatic ulcers, 20-60%…
unknown, immunologic (defect in humoral immune system- autoan…
viral cause has been investigated since lesion is clinically…
deficiencies of B12, folic acid, and FE have have been in a s…
Apthous ulcer
one of the most common causes of non-traumatic ulcers, 20-60%…
Apthous ulcer (cause)
unknown, immunologic (defect in humoral immune system- autoan…
30 terms
Infections
Lymphangitis
Felon
Suppurative parotitis
Splenic abscess
Lymphangitis is inflammation of lymphatic channels and most c…
Pulp space infections — The digital pulp, the fleshy mass at…
Suppurative parotitis is caused most commonly by Staphylococc…
Splenic abscess — Splenic abscess is an uncommon infection th…
Lymphangitis
Lymphangitis is inflammation of lymphatic channels and most c…
Felon
Pulp space infections — The digital pulp, the fleshy mass at…
59 terms
Infections
Sepsis mortality
SIRS and sepsis
Severe sepsis
septic shock
20-50% mortality. 1/3 due to underlying disease. Need proto…
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome... *Temperature >38C or…
Sepsis plus Organ Dysfunction... Hypotension... Pulmonary - ARDS…
Severe sepsis plus... Hypotension resistant to fluids resuscitat…
Sepsis mortality
20-50% mortality. 1/3 due to underlying disease. Need proto…
SIRS and sepsis
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome... *Temperature >38C or…
47 terms
Infections
Haemophilus influenzae
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Acintomyces israelii
Clostridium perfringens
- A pediatric infection usually epiglottitis... - Fever with d…
- Pneumonia in CF patients... - infection in burn victims
- Branching rods in oral infection, also presents with sulfur…
- Traumatic open wound infection.... - Produces alpha toxin (lec…
Haemophilus influenzae
- A pediatric infection usually epiglottitis... - Fever with d…
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Pneumonia in CF patients... - infection in burn victims
8 terms
Infections
Lyme Disease
Brucellosis
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Salmonella enterica typhimurium
most common vector-borne disease in N. America. ... Borrelia bu…
undulant fever. ... from farm animals or unpasteurized milkd an…
Rickettsia rickettsii.
lactors-negative on MacConkey agar and makes hydrogen sulfide…
Lyme Disease
most common vector-borne disease in N. America. ... Borrelia bu…
Brucellosis
undulant fever. ... from farm animals or unpasteurized milkd an…
Infection Terms
Endoparasites
Microbes
Aerobe
Anaerobe
Infectious agents that can enter hosts
Cause disease, but have some benefits through processing cert…
Organism requiring O2 for life and reproduction
Organism that does not require O2 for life and reproduction
Endoparasites
Infectious agents that can enter hosts
Microbes
Cause disease, but have some benefits through processing cert…
Infections
Define pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO)
Rash associated with meningococcal sep…
Bacteraemia
Septicaemia
PUO in adults is defined as a temperature >38.3°C for >3 week…
Petechial rash (non-blanching; may only be 1 or 2 spots, or m…
bacteria in blood
bacteria blood with symptoms
Define pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO)
PUO in adults is defined as a temperature >38.3°C for >3 week…
Rash associated with meningococcal sep…
Petechial rash (non-blanching; may only be 1 or 2 spots, or m…
Infections
1. Determine severity... 2. Evaluate host…
1. anatomic location... 2. rate of progre…
1. History of swelling... 2. Innoculation…
retinal vein congestion (can be seen t…
What are the 8 principles of management of deep space odontog…
What 3 factors should you consider in determining the severit…
What should you consider about rate of progression and stage…
What is the earliest sign of cavernous sinus thrombosis?
1. Determine severity... 2. Evaluate host…
What are the 8 principles of management of deep space odontog…
1. anatomic location... 2. rate of progre…
What 3 factors should you consider in determining the severit…
49 terms
Infections
What is the goal of antibiotic prophyl…
When is prophylactic antibiotics indic…
When prescribing prophylaxis antibioti…
What requires prophylaxis?
to prevent infection complications by using antimicrobial the…
if there is any considerable risk of infection:... -immunocompro…
-should have a reasonable spectrum of activity against the li…
-contaminated and clean-contaminated operation... -operations wh…
What is the goal of antibiotic prophyl…
to prevent infection complications by using antimicrobial the…
When is prophylactic antibiotics indic…
if there is any considerable risk of infection:... -immunocompro…
27 terms
Infections
Learning Objectives
Clinical appearance of impetigo
First line treatment of impetigo
What is dermatophytosis?
Discuss the clinical appearance of and first-line treatments…
Honey-colored crust, sometimes with flaccid bullae (bullous i…
Topical abx (mupirocin)
Superficial fungal infections (stratum corneum) of *skin, h…
Learning Objectives
Discuss the clinical appearance of and first-line treatments…
Clinical appearance of impetigo
Honey-colored crust, sometimes with flaccid bullae (bullous i…
42 terms
Infections
Vaginitis... 1. Vaginal infection caused…
3. H/P =... • vaginal irritation or pruri…
Give the associated with physical exam…
Give the associated discharge:... 1. Thin…
1. normal bacteria ( Gardnerella vaginalis ), protozoans (Tri…
...
1. Trichomonas... 2. Gardnerella Vaginalis... 3. Candida Albicans
1. Gardnerella Vaginalis... 2. Gardnerella Vaginalis... 3. Trichomo…
Vaginitis... 1. Vaginal infection caused…
1. normal bacteria ( Gardnerella vaginalis ), protozoans (Tri…
3. H/P =... • vaginal irritation or pruri…
...
Infections
Eczema herpeticum... - Infection with *…
SYSTEMIC aciclovir
Impetigo... - Characteristic *golden 'h…
Staphylococcus invasion of the skin;…
What is this?
What is the treatment for eczema herpeticum?
What is this?
What causes impetigo?
Eczema herpeticum... - Infection with *…
What is this?
SYSTEMIC aciclovir
What is the treatment for eczema herpeticum?
21 terms
Infections
S. pneumoniae (i.e., the pneumococcu…
lobar vs broncho
lobar
broncho
S. pneumoniae (i.e., the pneumococcu…
lobar vs broncho
Infection Control
OSHA
MSDS
EPA
HIV
Occupational safety and health administration
Material SAfety Data Sheet
Environmental Protection Agency
Human Innumodeficiency Virus
OSHA
Occupational safety and health administration
MSDS
Material SAfety Data Sheet
59 terms
Infections!
Order the causes of infection by size…
What is the definition of a parasite?…
What are endoparasites and ectoparasit…
What are protozoa?
...
...
...
...
Order the causes of infection by size…
...
What is the definition of a parasite?…
...
Infections
What is the key to diagnosis of endoca…
What is infective endocarditis?
What causes neonatal infective endocar…
What are the signs and symptoms of end…
Blood cultures
Complication of a congenital heart disease or cardiac surgery…
Surgery or central IV catheters
Nonspecific symptoms: fever, malaise, and weight loss;... Tachyc…
What is the key to diagnosis of endoca…
Blood cultures
What is infective endocarditis?
Complication of a congenital heart disease or cardiac surgery…
86 terms
Infection Control
Microorganism
microbe
pathogen
nonpathogen
a tiny organism such as a virus, protozoan, or bacterium that…
An organism invisible to the naked eye, especially one that c…
An organism that causes disease
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions and…
Microorganism
a tiny organism such as a virus, protozoan, or bacterium that…
microbe
An organism invisible to the naked eye, especially one that c…
43 terms
Infection control
Bacilli
Antiseptics
Asymptomatic
Acquired immunity
Rod Shaped bacteria- tetanus, typhoid, diphtheria, T.B
Chemical germicides for skin.
Showing no signs of infection or disease.
Immunity after disease or vaccination.
Bacilli
Rod Shaped bacteria- tetanus, typhoid, diphtheria, T.B
Antiseptics
Chemical germicides for skin.
10 terms
infection disease
chancroid
chancre
alopecia areata
mucous patch
Haemophilus ducreyi (it's so painful, you do cry ) Painful ge…
primary syphilis
secondary syphilis ... The sudden falling out of hair in round p…
secondary syphilis ... Symptoms of Secondary Syphilis are: rash,…
chancroid
Haemophilus ducreyi (it's so painful, you do cry ) Painful ge…
chancre
primary syphilis
51 terms
Infection Control
Microorganism
Non-pathogens
Pathogens
aerobic
a small, living organism that is not visible to the naked eye.
do not cause diseases
Microbes that cause disease
Chemical reactions that require the presence of oxygen
Microorganism
a small, living organism that is not visible to the naked eye.
Non-pathogens
do not cause diseases
Infection Control
Microorganism
Nonpathogens
Pathogens
Bacteria
-Not visible to the naked eye... -Prefers dark, warm, moist envi…
-Part of normal body flora... -Beneficial om maintaining some bo…
Microorganisms that cause infection or disease, germs ... -Produ…
Simple, one celled organisms that multiply rapidly
Microorganism
-Not visible to the naked eye... -Prefers dark, warm, moist envi…
Nonpathogens
-Part of normal body flora... -Beneficial om maintaining some bo…
126 terms
Infection Control
Bacteria
Bacteriocidal
Aseptic Technique (Asepsis)
Antiseptic
A one-celled plant that can be pathogenic or non-pathogenic
A method that kills microoganisms
Methods used to make the patient, worker, and environment as…
Only bacteriostatic. Can be used on skin. Ex: alcohol wipe
Bacteria
A one-celled plant that can be pathogenic or non-pathogenic
Bacteriocidal
A method that kills microoganisms
Infection control/chain of infection
Agents
Portal of exit
Mode of transmission
Portal of entry
Are infectious microorganisms: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and…
The method by which an infectious agent leaves it's reservoir…
Five main types: contact (direct and indirect), droplet, airb…
Allows the infectious agent access to the susceptible host. C…
Agents
Are infectious microorganisms: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and…
Portal of exit
The method by which an infectious agent leaves it's reservoir…
Infection Control
Microorganism
microbe
pathogen
nonpathogen
a tiny organism such as a virus, protozoan, or bacterium that…
An organism invisible to the naked eye, especially one that c…
An organism that causes disease
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions and…
Microorganism
a tiny organism such as a virus, protozoan, or bacterium that…
microbe
An organism invisible to the naked eye, especially one that c…
29 terms
Infection Control
Microorganism
Non-pathogens
Pathogens
aerobic
a small, living organism that is not visible to the naked eye.
do not cause diseases
Microbes that cause disease
Chemical reactions that require the presence of oxygen
Microorganism
a small, living organism that is not visible to the naked eye.
Non-pathogens
do not cause diseases
Infection Control
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
aerobic
Airborne Precautions
Anaerobic
A disease caused by HIV, which attacks the immune system dest…
Requiring oxygen to live and grow.
Methods of infection control that must be used for patients k…
Not requiring oxygen to live or grow: able to thrive in the a…
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
A disease caused by HIV, which attacks the immune system dest…
aerobic
Requiring oxygen to live and grow.
5 terms
Infection MSK
Acute Osteomyelitis, Adult
Acute Osteomyelitis: Child
Spinal Infections
Septic Arthritis
Long bones: With hematogenous spread, location of infection r…
Metaphysis of long bone most common... Vertebral osteomyelitis a…
Most common in lumbar spine... Osteomyelitis... Focal destruction o…
Location... Any joint is at risk; knee most common in adults... Hip…
Acute Osteomyelitis, Adult
Long bones: With hematogenous spread, location of infection r…
Acute Osteomyelitis: Child
Metaphysis of long bone most common... Vertebral osteomyelitis a…
20 terms
infection control
Measles RUBYolla
TB
Chicken POX Varicella
Shingles disseminated Zoster
Airborn
Airborn
Airborn
Airborn
Measles RUBYolla
Airborn
TB
Airborn
26 terms
Infection Control
AIDS
allergy
antiseptics
bacilli
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Reaction due to extreme sensityivity to certain foods, chemic…
chemical germicide formulated for use on skin: registered and…
short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria…
AIDS
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
allergy
Reaction due to extreme sensityivity to certain foods, chemic…
45 terms
PREVENTING INFECTION
antibiotics
asepsis
bio-hazardous waste
carrier
A drug that kills microbes that causes infection
Being free of disease-producing microbes
Items contaminated with blood, body fluid, secretions, or exc…
A human or animal that is a reservoir for microbes but does n…
antibiotics
A drug that kills microbes that causes infection
asepsis
Being free of disease-producing microbes
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