Study sets matching "infectious"

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Study sets matching "infectious"

190 terms
Infectious
When treating abdominal infections (li…
What strep bacteria is common in endoc…
what are common bacteria of the nose?
Dental procedure antibiotics ?
Bacteroides Fragilis... TX: Cipro & Metro OR Pippercylintazobactem
strep viridian's... *part of normal skin flora
strep, staph, moxerella cataralis and haemophilis (causes epi…
1-penicilin VK or amoxicillin (BEST)... *if allergic give Clinda…
When treating abdominal infections (li…
Bacteroides Fragilis... TX: Cipro & Metro OR Pippercylintazobactem
What strep bacteria is common in endoc…
strep viridian's... *part of normal skin flora
12 terms
Infectious
Metastasis
Malignant
Carcinogens
Vaccine
The spread of cancer from where it first develops to other pa…
The term used to describe cancerous tumor.
A substance that is known to cause cancer.
A preparation of dead of dead or weakened pathogen that are i…
Metastasis
The spread of cancer from where it first develops to other pa…
Malignant
The term used to describe cancerous tumor.
Infectious
Infectious Bovine RhinoTracheitis
Bovine viral diarrhea
AnaPladmosis
Bovine Spongiform Ence-Phalopathy
by bovine herpes virus (BHV-1)... Pyrexia(fever) anorexia nasal…
by pest virus ... Severe type 2 (bleeder syndrome) : destroys pl…
by rickettsial organism ... obligated intraery-throcytic bacteri…
neuro disease ... cause holes(spongiosis) in brain... by prion(abno…
Infectious Bovine RhinoTracheitis
by bovine herpes virus (BHV-1)... Pyrexia(fever) anorexia nasal…
Bovine viral diarrhea
by pest virus ... Severe type 2 (bleeder syndrome) : destroys pl…
9 terms
Infectious
Bronchitis
common cold
influenza
laryngitis
an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the trachea and th…
usually caused by a virus that is highly contagious
viral infection characterized by inflammation of the mucous m…
inflamattion of the larynx or voice box
Bronchitis
an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the trachea and th…
common cold
usually caused by a virus that is highly contagious
119 terms
Infectious
Define:... 1. thermoregulation... 2. hyperth…
What are some acute phase responses?
Exogenous vs endogenous pyrogens and f…
What are the most common cytokines ass…
1. thermoregulation = balance between heat loss and heat prod…
true fever, increased neutrophil, lymphocyte activity, increa…
Exogenous pyrogens = immune complex formation, infectious age…
IL-1... IL-6... TNF alpha
Define:... 1. thermoregulation... 2. hyperth…
1. thermoregulation = balance between heat loss and heat prod…
What are some acute phase responses?
true fever, increased neutrophil, lymphocyte activity, increa…
119 terms
Infectious
Define:... 1. thermoregulation... 2. hyperth…
What are some acute phase responses?
Exogenous vs endogenous pyrogens and f…
What are the most common cytokines ass…
1. thermoregulation = balance between heat loss and heat prod…
true fever, increased neutrophil, lymphocyte activity, increa…
Exogenous pyrogens = immune complex formation, infectious age…
IL-1... IL-6... TNF alpha
Define:... 1. thermoregulation... 2. hyperth…
1. thermoregulation = balance between heat loss and heat prod…
What are some acute phase responses?
true fever, increased neutrophil, lymphocyte activity, increa…
62 terms
Infectious
Staph!
Strep!
P. aeruginosa
what is impetigo? what causes it?
Staph!
Strep!
infectious
ocular infection
Herpetic Whitlow
Genital HSV First episode
Will will reoccurence happen with geni…
May cause loss of visual acuity, if reoccurrence happens it c…
Infection of the fingers, Common in our field
Fever,headache,malaise, myalgia,pain,tenderness.
When it turns into HSV-2 (90)%
ocular infection
May cause loss of visual acuity, if reoccurrence happens it c…
Herpetic Whitlow
Infection of the fingers, Common in our field
Infectious
Bronchitis
Common cold
Influenza
Laryngitis
An inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea and the…
Usually caused by a virus that is highly contagious
Flu; viral infection characterized by inflammation of the muc…
Inflammation of the larynx or voice box
Bronchitis
An inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea and the…
Common cold
Usually caused by a virus that is highly contagious
Infectious
Bronchitis
Common cold
Influenza
Laryngitis
An inflammation of the mucous membrane of the tracheA and the…
Usually caused by a virus that is highly contagious, spreads…
Viral infection caused by inflammation of the mucous membrane…
Inflammation of the larynx or voice box
Bronchitis
An inflammation of the mucous membrane of the tracheA and the…
Common cold
Usually caused by a virus that is highly contagious, spreads…
9 terms
Infectious
Organism newborn <28 days with sepsis
Rx newborn <28 days with sepsis
Jarisch herxheimer reaction
Adult with CAP. Treat for
E Coli, GBS
Ampicillin and gentamicin
Innate immunological reaction to the lysis of spirochetes
s pneumonia, atypical
Organism newborn <28 days with sepsis
E Coli, GBS
Rx newborn <28 days with sepsis
Ampicillin and gentamicin
13 terms
Infectious
Diptheria
Pertussis
MRSA
Scarlet fever
Caused by corynebacterium
Acute respiratory disorder, characterized by whooping couugh
Staph auerus, occurs In people who were hospitalized
Group A strep
Diptheria
Caused by corynebacterium
Pertussis
Acute respiratory disorder, characterized by whooping couugh
Infectious
Infectious disease
Pathogens
Kochs postulates
Reservoir
Caused when a pathogen is passed
The cause of diseases
Rules for showing what causes a disease
Source of pathogen environment
Infectious disease
Caused when a pathogen is passed
Pathogens
The cause of diseases
174 terms
Infectious
3 factors of initiation
Reservoir
Carrier
Fomite
1. Infectious Dose... 2. Virulence (how strong it is)... 3. Immune…
primary habitat of organism (living things)
Person that is infected with the agent but is asymptomatic; t…
inanimate object that harbors an infectious agents (ex., door…
3 factors of initiation
1. Infectious Dose... 2. Virulence (how strong it is)... 3. Immune…
Reservoir
primary habitat of organism (living things)
infectious
pharyngitis
laryngitis
sinusitis
bronchitis
red inflamed throat that may be caused by one of several bact…
inflammation of the larynx
infection of the mucous membrane that lines the sinus cavity
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea and the br…
pharyngitis
red inflamed throat that may be caused by one of several bact…
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
Infectious
Pneumonia and TB
Innate and Adaptive immunity
Doesn't have to be induced. Natural an…
Cytokines, cells, and various proteins
Infectious Diseases always in top 10 causes of mortality
Types of host immune response
What is innate immunity?
Innate immunity is mediated by?
Pneumonia and TB
Infectious Diseases always in top 10 causes of mortality
Innate and Adaptive immunity
Types of host immune response
Infectious
Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) and…
RR >30, hypoTSN (<90 / <60), increased…
S. pneumoniae
Pneumonia other bacterial causes
Types of pneumonia:
Quick pneumonia S/Sx
Pneumonia MCC
H. influenzae, M. catarrhalis, Klebsiella, gram-negitave rods…
Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) and…
Types of pneumonia:
RR >30, hypoTSN (<90 / <60), increased…
Quick pneumonia S/Sx
Infectious
Infectious
Outbreaks
Epidemics
Pandemics
contagious
Ebola in West Africa, SARS (Synthetic Acute Respiratory Syndr…
Occurrences of diseases in which many people in the same plac…
An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide.
Infectious
contagious
Outbreaks
Ebola in West Africa, SARS (Synthetic Acute Respiratory Syndr…
65 terms
INfectious
Pityriasis Vesicolor
Black piedra
white piedra
Malassezia furfur
cosmetic, superficial, caused by Malassezia/ use azoles or se…
hortae
trichosporon
looks like spaghetti and meatballs
Pityriasis Vesicolor
cosmetic, superficial, caused by Malassezia/ use azoles or se…
Black piedra
hortae
119 terms
Infectious
Define:... 1. thermoregulation... 2. hyperth…
What are some acute phase responses?
Exogenous vs endogenous pyrogens and f…
What are the most common cytokines ass…
1. thermoregulation = balance between heat loss and heat prod…
true fever, increased neutrophil, lymphocyte activity, increa…
Exogenous pyrogens = immune complex formation, infectious age…
IL-1... IL-6... TNF alpha
Define:... 1. thermoregulation... 2. hyperth…
1. thermoregulation = balance between heat loss and heat prod…
What are some acute phase responses?
true fever, increased neutrophil, lymphocyte activity, increa…
7 terms
Infectious
first line for uri
first line for uti
first line for ssti
first line for chlamydia
augmentin
nitrofurantoin
...
azithro 1 gram
first line for uri
augmentin
first line for uti
nitrofurantoin
29 terms
INFECTIOUS
1. Differentiate between the upper and…
2. Describe the function of the normal…
3. Recall the causative agent of strep…
4. List two childhood sequale infectio…
...
...
...
...
1. Differentiate between the upper and…
...
2. Describe the function of the normal…
...
50 terms
Infectious
defense mechanisms
mucociliary escalator
mucosal cilia
non-anatomical pulmonary defenses
-local (anatomical) defenses... -immunological defenses
-clear inhaled debris... -internal nares to terminal bronchioles…
-poisoned by cigarette smoke... -decreased activity with beta bl…
-b cell (antibody defenses)... -complement defenses... -t cell (cel…
defense mechanisms
-local (anatomical) defenses... -immunological defenses
mucociliary escalator
-clear inhaled debris... -internal nares to terminal bronchioles…
35 terms
Infectious
microbe (Microorganism)
Spontaneous Generation
Koch's Postulates
Exogenous
Are minute living things that individually are too small to b…
Theory that life just "spontaneously" developed from non-livi…
- The same organisms must be found in all cases of... a given di…
originating outside the body
microbe (Microorganism)
Are minute living things that individually are too small to b…
Spontaneous Generation
Theory that life just "spontaneously" developed from non-livi…
infectious
Treponema pallidum. Syphilis.
For this patient's age (4 years old),
Listeria monocytogenes
Staphylococcus epidermidis
The primary infection results in a firm, nontender chancre ap…
Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemoph…
newborns, the elderly, the debilitated, diabetics, and alcoho…
people with CNS shunts.
Treponema pallidum. Syphilis.
The primary infection results in a firm, nontender chancre ap…
For this patient's age (4 years old),
Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemoph…
38 terms
Infectious
do not have cells, permissive(cells ab…
more susceptible to heat, dessication,…
surrounded by virus encoded protein sh…
replication usually occurs in nucleus,…
Viruses
enveloped virus
naked
DNA
do not have cells, permissive(cells ab…
Viruses
more susceptible to heat, dessication,…
enveloped virus
9 terms
Infectious
Bronchitis
Common cold
Influenza
Laryngitis
Inflammatin bronchiole tubes
Caused by virus
Viral infection
Inflammation of larynx
Bronchitis
Inflammatin bronchiole tubes
Common cold
Caused by virus
9 terms
Infectious
Bronchitis
Common Cold
Influenza
Laryngitis
Inflammation of the bronchiole tubes
Usually caused by. Virus
Flu, viral infection
Inflammation of the larynx
Bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchiole tubes
Common Cold
Usually caused by. Virus
INFECTIOUS
Question
These agents cause transmissible spong…
Infected cells show distinct nuclear a…
Infected cells show glassy nuclear inc…
Answer
Prions(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Ed p. 321
CMV infection(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Ed p. 322
Herpesvirus infection(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th e…
Question
Answer
These agents cause transmissible spong…
Prions(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Ed p. 321
9 terms
Infectious
Bronchitis
Common cold
Influenza
Laryngitis
Inflammation of mucous membrane of the trachea and bronchiole…
Usually caused by virus that is highly contagious
Flu; viral infection which is inflammation of the mucous memb…
Inflammation larynx/voice box
Bronchitis
Inflammation of mucous membrane of the trachea and bronchiole…
Common cold
Usually caused by virus that is highly contagious
infectious
prodromal
incubation period
period of communicability
any child admitted to the hospital wit…
symptoms that occur before overt clinical symptoms
time between exposure to infectious organism and onset of sym…
time child is contagious.... often before symptoms appear
strick isolation until diagnosis is confirmed
prodromal
symptoms that occur before overt clinical symptoms
incubation period
time between exposure to infectious organism and onset of sym…
105 terms
Infectious
Prodromal
Incubation period
Period of communicability
Varicella-Zoster aka
symptoms that appear before clinical symptoms
time between exposure and onset of symptoms
time the child is contageous
"chicken pox"
Prodromal
symptoms that appear before clinical symptoms
Incubation period
time between exposure and onset of symptoms
30 terms
Infectious
Non-Specific
Non-Specific
Non-Specific
Non-Specific
You have made it past the skin barrier! Move forward one space.
The skin barrier has stopped you. Move backwards two spaces.
You have been caught by nose hair and sneezed out! Go back to…
You are stuck in the mucus membrane of a respiratory track en…
Non-Specific
You have made it past the skin barrier! Move forward one space.
Non-Specific
The skin barrier has stopped you. Move backwards two spaces.
23 terms
infectious
Calicivirus struct
Astrovirus struct
Rotavirus struct
Adenovirus struct
ssRNA... icosahedral ... no envelope
ss RNA... icosahedral... no envelope
ds DNA RNA... icosahedral... no envelope
ds DNA... icosahedral... no envelope
Calicivirus struct
ssRNA... icosahedral ... no envelope
Astrovirus struct
ss RNA... icosahedral... no envelope
11 terms
Infectious
Which virus has higher rate of mutatio…
Genetic reassortment can occur in in i…
Virus that cause Leukemia
common cold mainly caused by:
HepC
influenza has segmented genome
T cell lymphotropic virus type 1
rhinovirus, coronavirus, adenovirus
Which virus has higher rate of mutatio…
HepC
Genetic reassortment can occur in in i…
influenza has segmented genome
8 terms
Infectious
Fungus
Protozoan
Parasite
Bacteria
Relies on other living or dead organisms to survive
A single celled orginism usually comes from infected water or…
An organism that lives in a host organism
Very small single celled organisms that are found almost ever…
Fungus
Relies on other living or dead organisms to survive
Protozoan
A single celled orginism usually comes from infected water or…
25 terms
Infectious
Systems Involved (5)
4 Common Symptoms of Infectious Diseases
5 Types of Organisms
How are infectious diseases diagnosed?
1.CNS... 2.Integumentary... 3.Cardiovascular... 4.Respiratory... 5.Gastro…
1.Fever... 2.Chills... 3.Malaise... 4.Enlarged lymph nodes
1.viruses... 2.bacteria... 3.fungi... 4.chlamdiae... 5.protozoa
Direct visualization of the organism... Detection of microbial a…
Systems Involved (5)
1.CNS... 2.Integumentary... 3.Cardiovascular... 4.Respiratory... 5.Gastro…
4 Common Symptoms of Infectious Diseases
1.Fever... 2.Chills... 3.Malaise... 4.Enlarged lymph nodes
Infectious
Bronchitis
Common cold
Influenza
Laryngitis
An inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea and the…
Usually caused by a virus that is highly contagious, spreads…
Viral infection characterized by inflammationof te mucous mem…
Inflammation of the larynx or voice box
Bronchitis
An inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea and the…
Common cold
Usually caused by a virus that is highly contagious, spreads…
56 terms
Infectious
Advantages for including heterogeneity
STI MODELS
Age-structured models for childhood di…
What does increasing subdivisions requ…
1. The aggregate behaviour of models becomes more accurate... 2.…
1. STI models subdivide population into classes dependent upo…
2. High reproduction number for diseases (measles, mumps, rub…
a need more biological data
Advantages for including heterogeneity
1. The aggregate behaviour of models becomes more accurate... 2.…
STI MODELS
1. STI models subdivide population into classes dependent upo…
143 terms
Infectious
**how is neospora transmitted?
**clin signs neospora
** tx of neospora
how is cryptococcus diagnosed?
shed in feces of dogs --> eaten by cows --> muscle and secret…
LMN signs with spastic hind limbs
TMS... pyrimethamine
cytology: nasal exudates, dermal, CSF, aq hum... serology: late…
**how is neospora transmitted?
shed in feces of dogs --> eaten by cows --> muscle and secret…
**clin signs neospora
LMN signs with spastic hind limbs
26 terms
infectious
Syphilis
Trichomonas
HIV
Erythema infectiosum
Penicillin G
Metronidazole
HAART when CD4 less than 350
Supportive
Syphilis
Penicillin G
Trichomonas
Metronidazole
20 terms
Infectious
what is disease can occur in infants f…
posterior cervical lymphadenopathy vs…
fever, sore throat, posterior cervical…
what is spread by cat feces?
Botulism
posterior in MONO... anterior in GABHS
Infectious MONO
Toxoplasmosis... *TORCH virus, caution in pregnant women. can c…
what is disease can occur in infants f…
Botulism
posterior cervical lymphadenopathy vs…
posterior in MONO... anterior in GABHS
21 terms
Infectious
Histoplasmosis: Organism? habitiat? pa…
Coccoidomycosis: Organism? Habitat? Pa…
Blastomycosis: Organism? Habitat? Path…
Candidiasis: Organism? Habitat? Pathog…
Organism: histoplasmic Capsulatum... Habitat: soil high in N con…
Organism: Coccoides Immitis... Habitat: lower sonoran life zone…
Blastomyces Dermatitidis... Habitat: humid woodland, midatlantic…
Candida Albicans... Habitat: normal human flora (found in most h…
Histoplasmosis: Organism? habitiat? pa…
Organism: histoplasmic Capsulatum... Habitat: soil high in N con…
Coccoidomycosis: Organism? Habitat? Pa…
Organism: Coccoides Immitis... Habitat: lower sonoran life zone…
Infectious
1... Most common cause of "traveler's dia…
2... Primary cellular targets for rotavir…
3... Deep-seated Staphylococcus aureus in…
4... Prokaryotic organism that causes tra…
...
...
...
...
1... Most common cause of "traveler's dia…
...
2... Primary cellular targets for rotavir…
...
Infectious
Pathogen
Six types of pathogen
Sporadic diseases
Epidemic diseases
A bacteria virus or other microorganisms that can cause a dis…
Bacteria,macroparasites,protozoan, fungi
That occurs in the apperent absents of any environmental or i…
Rapid spread of infectious diseases to a large number of peop…
Pathogen
A bacteria virus or other microorganisms that can cause a dis…
Six types of pathogen
Bacteria,macroparasites,protozoan, fungi
30 terms
Infectious
Ring inhancing lesions on Ct in pateit…
💯HIV pt comes to ER with SOB and dry c…
Most sensetive physical finding for ot…
Urethritis and cervisitis treat?
If HIV ---treat TMP/smz for 2wks --- repeat CT : smaller cont…
Start TMP/SMZ and Steroids ... Steroids when sever PCP : o2<70…
IMMOBILITY
IM ceftriaxone + 1azithro ... They have dysuria, frequency and u…
Ring inhancing lesions on Ct in pateit…
If HIV ---treat TMP/smz for 2wks --- repeat CT : smaller cont…
💯HIV pt comes to ER with SOB and dry c…
Start TMP/SMZ and Steroids ... Steroids when sever PCP : o2<70…
56 terms
Infectious
Is impetigo contagious
Environmental causes of impetigo
What condition is caused by warm, humi…
Most common type of impetigo
yes
warm, humid, poor hygiene
impetigo
nonbullous
Is impetigo contagious
yes
Environmental causes of impetigo
warm, humid, poor hygiene
32 terms
Infectious
After surgery a client is to receive a…
A client with a recent history of sinu…
Which test result should a nurse revie…
A nurse is caring for a client who has…
38 gtts/min is the flow rate to deliver the correct amount of…
3 Administering prescribed antibiotics
2. Sensitivity test
3. Total parenteral nutrition (TPN)
After surgery a client is to receive a…
38 gtts/min is the flow rate to deliver the correct amount of…
A client with a recent history of sinu…
3 Administering prescribed antibiotics
34 terms
infectious
Which one of these is NOT a protozoa?…
which is not associated with a bloody…
colnoscopy with bx shows friable diffu…
tx for liver abscess <10cm in entamoeb…
B
a
entamoeba histolytica
metronidazole
Which one of these is NOT a protozoa?…
B
which is not associated with a bloody…
a
infectious
Antlbodies
Bacteria
Fungi
Immunity
A blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
bacterial virus a virus that injects it genome into host
Transmitted only through Sexual or asexual spores
Anti viral defense mechanisms
Antlbodies
A blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
Bacteria
bacterial virus a virus that injects it genome into host
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