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Study sets matching "inflammation infection"

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Study sets matching "inflammation infection"

67 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Initial response to damage in epitheli…
What is the first inflammatory cell on…
What do the platelets active for the n…
Blood vessel response to injury?
Bleeding and coagulation
Platelets
cytokines/chemoattractants
Damaged blood vessels initially constrict, but later dilate a…
Initial response to damage in epitheli…
Bleeding and coagulation
What is the first inflammatory cell on…
Platelets
26 terms
Inflammation / Infection
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Dysplasia
Hyperplasia
Reduced tissue mass, decrease in size of cells
Enlarged tissue mass, increase in size of individual cells
Vary in size and shape, large nuclei - may indicate precancer…
Increase in number of cells, can occur with hypertrophy
Atrophy
Reduced tissue mass, decrease in size of cells
Hypertrophy
Enlarged tissue mass, increase in size of individual cells
15 terms
Inflammation/Infection
4500-11000
50-70
4-10
16-45
normal leukocytes present in adults
% Neutrophils of the TWBC
% Monocytes of TWBC
% lymphocytes of TWBC
4500-11000
normal leukocytes present in adults
50-70
% Neutrophils of the TWBC
70 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Chemotaxis
Edema
Transudate
Exudate
Movement of WBC in response to the release of chemical mediat…
Localized or generalized condition in which the body tissue c…
Fluid that passes through a membrane, few cells/ protein
In response to inflammation... High concentration of cells and p…
Chemotaxis
Movement of WBC in response to the release of chemical mediat…
Edema
Localized or generalized condition in which the body tissue c…
139 terms
Infection and Inflammation
What are the body's pain-mediating che…
What are the body's natural pain kille…
How do the body's natural pain killers…
What are the three types of pain recep…
- substance P... - prostaglandins... - bradykinins... - histamine
- serotonin... - enkephalins... - endorphins
they bind with opioid receptors and inhibit the conduction of…
Mu, Kappa, and Delta
What are the body's pain-mediating che…
- substance P... - prostaglandins... - bradykinins... - histamine
What are the body's natural pain kille…
- serotonin... - enkephalins... - endorphins
16 terms
Infection and Inflammation
A period of recovery. Signs and sympto…
Reconstruction or Proliferative Phase
Remodeling or Maturation Phase
Inflammatory Phase
A nurse is assessing a patient in the resolution stage of an…
A patient is 7 days post operative. Which stage of the wound…
Lasts months or a year or more, begins as early as 3 weeks.
Lasts up to 3 days in a clean wound.
A period of recovery. Signs and sympto…
A nurse is assessing a patient in the resolution stage of an…
Reconstruction or Proliferative Phase
A patient is 7 days post operative. Which stage of the wound…
30 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Chemotaxis
White blood cells
Chronic Inflammation
Granuloma
A complex process involving more than a dozen different chemi…
Attracted to an area of inflammation by chemotaxis
Continues for weeks to years; tissue is repeatedly being dest…
An accumulation of macrophages, fibroblasts, and collagen
Chemotaxis
A complex process involving more than a dozen different chemi…
White blood cells
Attracted to an area of inflammation by chemotaxis
67 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Initial response to damage in epitheli…
What is the first inflammatory cell on…
What do the platelets active for the n…
Blood vessel response to injury?
Bleeding and coagulation
Platelets
cytokines/chemoattractants
Damaged blood vessels initially constrict, but later dilate a…
Initial response to damage in epitheli…
Bleeding and coagulation
What is the first inflammatory cell on…
Platelets
44 terms
Infection and inflammation
Bacteria
Virus
Fungus
Parasite
E.coli, Staph aureus, Streptococcus-- causes UTI, wound infec…
Reservoir in blood and body fluids-- hepatitis, cold sores, H…
Reservoir in dust, soil, skin, colon-- pneumonia, sepsis, yea…
Lives off of host
Bacteria
E.coli, Staph aureus, Streptococcus-- causes UTI, wound infec…
Virus
Reservoir in blood and body fluids-- hepatitis, cold sores, H…
39 terms
infection and inflammation
what is the chain of infection
what are the three potential reservoirs
what is mode of transmission
what is the portal of entry and exit
infectious agent>reservoir>portal of exit>mode of transmissio…
animal, human, and environment
provides contact between portal of exit and portal of entry
often the same, and often the skin or mucus membranes
what is the chain of infection
infectious agent>reservoir>portal of exit>mode of transmissio…
what are the three potential reservoirs
animal, human, and environment
14 terms
Infection & Inflammation
inflammatory response
Immune response
Leukocytosis
leukopenia
-Activated when tissue damage occurs... -Both a vascular and cel…
Immunity... -Innate... -Acquired/Adaptive... --Active acquired... --Passi…
inflammation... dehydration... infection
bone marrow failure... chemo... overwhelming infections
inflammatory response
-Activated when tissue damage occurs... -Both a vascular and cel…
Immune response
Immunity... -Innate... -Acquired/Adaptive... --Active acquired... --Passi…
69 terms
infection/inflammation
arthritis
osteoarthritis
rheumatoid arthritis
chain of infection, infection agent (1)
joint inflammation causing pain and stiffness
degenerative joint disease, most common form of arthritis, le…
pain all over, auto immune disorder
describes the presents of a pathogen, effect of pathogen depe…
arthritis
joint inflammation causing pain and stiffness
osteoarthritis
degenerative joint disease, most common form of arthritis, le…
17 terms
Inflammation & Infection
Inflammation
Infection
Tonsillitis treatment
Tonsillitis Nursing Implications
-Doesn't always lead to infection... -Defense occurs immediately…
The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tis…
-Analgesic... -NSAID... -Antibiotic
-No acid... -No hot liquids/foods... -No hard foods
Inflammation
-Doesn't always lead to infection... -Defense occurs immediately…
Infection
The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tis…
44 terms
infection/inflammation
inflammation *
Signs & Symptoms Inflammation *
concept of inflammation the phases of…
Vascular & Cellular Responses
reduce effects of what body sees as harmful. normal part of I…
pain... swelling... redness ... heat... impaired function
vascular & cellular responses... exudate production... repair
immediately after injury, blood vessels temp. constrict in su…
inflammation *
reduce effects of what body sees as harmful. normal part of I…
Signs & Symptoms Inflammation *
pain... swelling... redness ... heat... impaired function
83 terms
Infection/Inflammation
vascular response
cellular response
margination
diapedesis
results in vasodilation causing hyperemia (increased blood fl…
neutrophils and monocytes move to the inner surface of the ca…
when neutrophils and monocytes move into the inner surface of…
when neutrophils and monocytes move from the capillaries into…
vascular response
results in vasodilation causing hyperemia (increased blood fl…
cellular response
neutrophils and monocytes move to the inner surface of the ca…
23 terms
inflammation/infection
antibody
antigen
bacteria
septicema
proteins that the body produces to react and render the antig…
any substance that causes the body some type of harm, thus se…
microscopic, one-celled organisms
dirty contaminated blood; blood poisoning
antibody
proteins that the body produces to react and render the antig…
antigen
any substance that causes the body some type of harm, thus se…
19 terms
Inflammation & Infection
Histamine
Prostaglandin
heparin
lymphadenopathy
cause allergic reaction, responsible for vasodilation and cap…
cox pathway, blocked by NSAIDs,
released by mast cell, maintain blood flow to the area
swollen lymph nodes during inflammation
Histamine
cause allergic reaction, responsible for vasodilation and cap…
Prostaglandin
cox pathway, blocked by NSAIDs,
63 terms
Inflammation & Infection
Inflammation
Inflammation is characterized by...
Cells of Inflammation:
What are granulocytes?
Complex non-specific response to tissue injury intended to...…
1) Release of inflammatory mediators... 2) Movement of fluid and…
Endothelial Cells... Platelets... Leukocytes (WBC's)... -Neutrophils... -…
Granules are see in the cytoplasm of cell
Inflammation
Complex non-specific response to tissue injury intended to...…
Inflammation is characterized by...
1) Release of inflammatory mediators... 2) Movement of fluid and…
29 terms
Infection & Inflammation
Signs & symptoms of infection & inflam…
Contact Dermatitis
Two kinds on contact dermatitis
Phase of wound healing that chronic wo…
-pain... -erythema... -swelling... -increased temperature
a condition in which the skin becomes red, sore, or inflamed…
irritant or allergic
Inflammatory phase
Signs & symptoms of infection & inflam…
-pain... -erythema... -swelling... -increased temperature
Contact Dermatitis
a condition in which the skin becomes red, sore, or inflamed…
25 terms
Infection/ Inflammation
Infectivity
Pathogenicity
Rickettsia
Mycoplasm
a pathogen's capacity for horizontal transmission, i.e., how…
potential capacity of microbes or viruses to cause a disease
Non-spore forming pleomorphic gram negative bacteria with a c…
Bacteria that lack cell wall
Infectivity
a pathogen's capacity for horizontal transmission, i.e., how…
Pathogenicity
potential capacity of microbes or viruses to cause a disease
34 terms
Inflammation & Infection
Abscees
Adhesion
Bacteria
Chemotaxis
a localized collection of pus
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
a 1 celled microorganism that may be aerobic or anaerobic and…
the movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals
Abscees
a localized collection of pus
Adhesion
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
42 terms
Infection/Inflammation
acute disease
antibiotic
antibody
antigen
disorder with sudden onset and short duration of symptoms
a chemical substance produced by a microorganism which can in…
an immunoglobulin produced by B-lymphocytes in response to ba…
substance that provokes irritation or damage to the body tiss…
acute disease
disorder with sudden onset and short duration of symptoms
antibiotic
a chemical substance produced by a microorganism which can in…
9 terms
Inflammation/infection
Inflammation
Infection
Why does inflammation occur?
Trauma
Bodies immunologic response to tissue damage. ... Acute: rednes…
Invasion and multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms
Trauma, chemicals, temperature extremes, disease, pathogens
An injury or wound caused by external force or violence to th…
Inflammation
Bodies immunologic response to tissue damage. ... Acute: rednes…
Infection
Invasion and multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms
9 terms
inflammation & infection
antigens
antibodies
bacteria
viruses
...
...
...
smallest infection organism; cannot reproduce or live outside…
antigens
...
antibodies
...
16 terms
Infection, inflammation
Host
Agent(pathogen)
Colonization
Reservoir
An organism that harbors a virus or parasite
An organism capable of causing disease
The act of a microorganism invading a pt, growing an multiply…
A place where a pathogen can survive but may or may not multi…
Host
An organism that harbors a virus or parasite
Agent(pathogen)
An organism capable of causing disease
31 terms
Inflammation/Infection
inflammation
inflammatory response
phagocytes
formation of exudates
a protective response of the body to the effects of tissue in…
A response which causes visible and uncomfortable symptoms.... H…
eat pathogens
accumulation of dead tissue and fluid that occurs from vascul…
inflammation
a protective response of the body to the effects of tissue in…
inflammatory response
A response which causes visible and uncomfortable symptoms.... H…
36 terms
Inflammation/infection
Chain of events leading to infection
what contributes to nosocomial infecti…
what risk factors predispose someone t…
why are infants at greater risk for de…
reservoir ... portal of exit... mode of transmission... portal of entr…
high prevalence of pathogens... high prevalence of compromised h…
compromised immunity... age increase... malnutrition... chronic illnes…
immune system immature... temperature control... communication/reas…
Chain of events leading to infection
reservoir ... portal of exit... mode of transmission... portal of entr…
what contributes to nosocomial infecti…
high prevalence of pathogens... high prevalence of compromised h…
38 terms
Infection & inflammation
6 links of the infection cycle
Incubation
Prodromal
Full stage of illness
Etiological agent (MO)... Reservoir (source)... Portal of exit from…
The time during which the pathogen begins active replication…
Symptoms begin to appear. Symptoms are often nonspecific and…
Toxic by-products of MO metabolism and cell lysis, along with…
6 links of the infection cycle
Etiological agent (MO)... Reservoir (source)... Portal of exit from…
Incubation
The time during which the pathogen begins active replication…
33 terms
Infection/Inflammation
types of pathogens
Chain of Infection
potential for microorganisms to cause…
Infection
-bacteria... -virus... -fungus... -parasite... -protozoa
in order for virus to infect chain of reaction must not be br…
-sufficient number... -virulence... -ability to enter and survive i…
-invasion of the body by pathogens and the reaction of the ti…
types of pathogens
-bacteria... -virus... -fungus... -parasite... -protozoa
Chain of Infection
in order for virus to infect chain of reaction must not be br…
100 terms
Infection/Inflammation
Entry and multiplication of an infecti…
Infection w/ no clinical signs and sym…
Infection which causes clinical signs…
Infection affecting one part of the body
Infection
Asymptomatic
Symptomatic
Localized
Entry and multiplication of an infecti…
Infection
Infection w/ no clinical signs and sym…
Asymptomatic
23 terms
Inflammation and Infection
prostaglandins
leukotrienes
bradykinins
histamine
phospholipids from mast cells and other cell membranes; media…
derived from arachidonic acid in cell membranes; increases va…
from plasma proteins and kinins; increases vascular permeabil…
from mast cells; mediates EARLY, ACUTE inflammatory response
prostaglandins
phospholipids from mast cells and other cell membranes; media…
leukotrienes
derived from arachidonic acid in cell membranes; increases va…
104 terms
infection/inflammation
What are risk factors for pneumonia
what is the most common cause of infec…
what does the FLU vaccine protect agai…
What is the medical managment for UTIs?
smoking... impaired ability to mobilize secretions (generalized…
Pneumonia:... considerable mortality and morbidity... infection of…
influenza A & B
antibiotics (cipro)... pyridium (bladder spasms--soothes urinary…
What are risk factors for pneumonia
smoking... impaired ability to mobilize secretions (generalized…
what is the most common cause of infec…
Pneumonia:... considerable mortality and morbidity... infection of…
67 terms
Inflammation and infection
Inflammation
Antibody-mediated immunity
Cell- mediated
Neutrophil
Neutrophil, macrophage, monocyte, eosinophil, basophil
B-lymphocyte, plasma cell, memory cell
Helper t-cell, cytrotoxic t cell, natural killer cell
Bacteria protection, mature phagocytosis
Inflammation
Neutrophil, macrophage, monocyte, eosinophil, basophil
Antibody-mediated immunity
B-lymphocyte, plasma cell, memory cell
69 terms
Infection and Inflammation
Infectious Agent
Reservoir
Portal of Exit
Means of Transmission
causes infection (bacteria, fungus, virus)
natural habitat, where the agent grows and multiplies
how the organism escapes the reservoir (respiratory, GI, etc)
how the organism enters the body
Infectious Agent
causes infection (bacteria, fungus, virus)
Reservoir
natural habitat, where the agent grows and multiplies
inflammation/infection
Communicable disease
Infectious Disease
Pathogen
Opportunistic Pathogen
illness that is transmitted directly from one person or anima…
communicable disease caused by microorganism
microorganism that causes a disease
causes disease only in susceptible individuals
Communicable disease
illness that is transmitted directly from one person or anima…
Infectious Disease
communicable disease caused by microorganism
9 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Mononucleosis (Kissing disease)... *(Epst…
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Sclerodoma
Lyme disease
S/S: fever, sore throat, cervical lymphadenopathy, malaise, H…
Chronic and progressive autoimmune disorder that affects th…
affects connective tissue throughout the body... S/S: tight skin…
Cause by deer tick... First sign: erythema (redness)... Skin lesi…
Mononucleosis (Kissing disease)... *(Epst…
S/S: fever, sore throat, cervical lymphadenopathy, malaise, H…
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Chronic and progressive autoimmune disorder that affects th…
10 terms
Infection/Inflammation
What is our first line of defense agai…
How does inflammation protect against…
What are the shapes of bacteria?
What can be the cause of infection?
our microbiome, skin, nails, enzymes, ph of skin & stomach, c…
-raises tissues temp. to try to kill bacteria... -increases WBC…
coccus, bacillus, spirochette
Viruses... Bacteria... Fungi... Protozoa... Helminths... Clamydia... Rickettsia…
What is our first line of defense agai…
our microbiome, skin, nails, enzymes, ph of skin & stomach, c…
How does inflammation protect against…
-raises tissues temp. to try to kill bacteria... -increases WBC…
47 terms
Infection & Inflammation
Bacteria
Virus
Fungal
Parasites
2nd most common type of infection.... Single celled organisms th…
Require a host to infect. May cause injury immediately or wait
Single or multicellular... Mainly cause infection in immunocompr…
Cause infection in immunocompromised patients
Bacteria
2nd most common type of infection.... Single celled organisms th…
Virus
Require a host to infect. May cause injury immediately or wait
48 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Abscess
Adhesion
Antibody
Antigen
Collection of pus
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
proteins that the body produces to react to and render the an…
any substance that causes the body some type of harm, thus se…
Abscess
Collection of pus
Adhesion
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
Infection and Inflammation
core body temp
core temps highest when..
host
colonization
97-99.5
late afternoon/evening... -LOWEST temps in the morning
organism capable of supporting another
-act of establishing a presence
core body temp
97-99.5
core temps highest when..
late afternoon/evening... -LOWEST temps in the morning
18 terms
infection/inflammation
reservoir
direct contact
indirect contact
droplet
source of infection
touching infectious lesion or sexual intercourse
contaminated hand or food, inanimate object such as instrumen…
oral or respiratory containing pathogens are expelled from th…
reservoir
source of infection
direct contact
touching infectious lesion or sexual intercourse
21 terms
Infection and Inflammation
rubor
dolor
tumor
calor
redness; results from increased arteriole blood flow due to v…
pain; mediated by bradykinin and prostaglandin 2
swelling; increased intravascular pressure without increased…
heat; results from increased arteriole blood flow due to vaso…
rubor
redness; results from increased arteriole blood flow due to v…
dolor
pain; mediated by bradykinin and prostaglandin 2
42 terms
Inflammation, Infection
direct penetrating trauma, ... hematogeno…
an infection from adjacent or remote s…
an infection from the surgery or hospi…
staphylococcus
3 types of infection pathogenesis
hematogenous infection
iatrogenic infection
what is the most commonly transmitted infection in the operat…
direct penetrating trauma, ... hematogeno…
3 types of infection pathogenesis
an infection from adjacent or remote s…
hematogenous infection
34 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Abscess
Adhesion
Bacteria
Chemotaxis
a localized collection of pus.
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
a one-celled microorganism that may be aerobic or anaerobic a…
the movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals.
Abscess
a localized collection of pus.
Adhesion
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
18 terms
Infection and Inflammation
acute inflammation
chronic inflammation
body's defense
leukocytosis
characterized by pain, heat, redness
Ongoing, irritating pain in the body ... Allergies or asthma ... Hi…
flora... immune response... inflammation
increase WBCs... infection, trauma, dehydration, inflammation, s…
acute inflammation
characterized by pain, heat, redness
chronic inflammation
Ongoing, irritating pain in the body ... Allergies or asthma ... Hi…
Infection and inflammation
Stages of infection
Incubation
Prodromal
Full stage of illness
Incubation ... Prodromal... Full stage of illness... Convalescent period
Invasion of host and appearance of symptoms ... Length of time v…
Person is infectious... General symptoms ... Just not feeling well…
Fever and chills... Coughing a lot... Show specific signs and sympt…
Stages of infection
Incubation ... Prodromal... Full stage of illness... Convalescent period
Incubation
Invasion of host and appearance of symptoms ... Length of time v…
30 terms
Inflammation & Infection
Arthritis - risk factors
Arthritis - Signs & Symptoms
Arthritis - Medical/Nursing Mgmt
UTI - risk factors
- sex... - age (45-60yrs)... - family hx... - smoking... - envir exposure…
- pain... - joint swelling... - limited mvmt... - stiffness... - weakness…
- NSAIDS, corticosteroids, ASA, anti-rheumatoid arthritics
- inability to empty bladder completely... - obstructed urinary…
Arthritis - risk factors
- sex... - age (45-60yrs)... - family hx... - smoking... - envir exposure…
Arthritis - Signs & Symptoms
- pain... - joint swelling... - limited mvmt... - stiffness... - weakness…
52 terms
Inflammation and Infection
inflammation
Acute
chronic
vascular permeability
the protective and coordinated response of the body to an inj…
type of inflammation that is rapid occurrence in reaction to…
type of inflammation whose reaction persists, inhibits healin…
the reaction of inflammation that allows dilation of blood ve…
inflammation
the protective and coordinated response of the body to an inj…
Acute
type of inflammation that is rapid occurrence in reaction to…
8 terms
Infection/Inflammation
Transmission
Inflammation
Phase 1 - Inflammatory Response
Phase 2 - Inflammatory Response
Direct Contact... -Direct contact with infected area or body flu…
Non-specific sequential reaction to cell injury... A protective…
Vascular Response... Injured MAST cells release Kinin chemical…
Cellular Response... Chemotactic factors released by damaged ce…
Transmission
Direct Contact... -Direct contact with infected area or body flu…
Inflammation
Non-specific sequential reaction to cell injury... A protective…
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