Study sets matching "inflammation infection"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "inflammation infection"

Inflammation and Infection
Initial response to damage in epitheli…
What is the first inflammatory cell on…
What do the platelets active for the n…
Blood vessel response to injury?
Bleeding and coagulation
Platelets
cytokines/chemoattractants
Damaged blood vessels initially constrict, but later dilate a…
Initial response to damage in epitheli…
Bleeding and coagulation
What is the first inflammatory cell on…
Platelets
15 terms
Inflammation/Infection
4500-11000
50-70
4-10
16-45
normal leukocytes present in adults
% Neutrophils of the TWBC
% Monocytes of TWBC
% lymphocytes of TWBC
4500-11000
normal leukocytes present in adults
50-70
% Neutrophils of the TWBC
Inflammation / Infection
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Dysplasia
Hyperplasia
Reduced tissue mass, decrease in size of cells
Enlarged tissue mass, increase in size of individual cells
Vary in size and shape, large nuclei - may indicate precancer…
Increase in number of cells, can occur with hypertrophy
Atrophy
Reduced tissue mass, decrease in size of cells
Hypertrophy
Enlarged tissue mass, increase in size of individual cells
70 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Chemotaxis
Edema
Transudate
Exudate
Movement of WBC in response to the release of chemical mediat…
Localized or generalized condition in which the body tissue c…
Fluid that passes through a membrane, few cells/ protein
In response to inflammation... High concentration of cells and p…
Chemotaxis
Movement of WBC in response to the release of chemical mediat…
Edema
Localized or generalized condition in which the body tissue c…
Inflammation and infection
Sx of Systemic inflammation
Function of cytokines
Examples of some cytokines
Acute Phase Reactants
fever, increased CRH, lethargy, anorexia, impaired growth in…
communicate between immune cells
IL-1, TNF, Interferon gamma
proteins that change at least 25% d/t inflammation. Indirect…
Sx of Systemic inflammation
fever, increased CRH, lethargy, anorexia, impaired growth in…
Function of cytokines
communicate between immune cells
Infection and Inflammation
What are the body's pain-mediating che…
What are the body's natural pain kille…
How do the body's natural pain killers…
What are the three types of pain recep…
- substance P... - prostaglandins... - bradykinins... - histamine
- serotonin... - enkephalins... - endorphins
they bind with opioid receptors and inhibit the conduction of…
Mu, Kappa, and Delta
What are the body's pain-mediating che…
- substance P... - prostaglandins... - bradykinins... - histamine
What are the body's natural pain kille…
- serotonin... - enkephalins... - endorphins
44 terms
Infection and inflammation
Bacteria
Virus
Fungus
Parasite
E.coli, Staph aureus, Streptococcus-- causes UTI, wound infec…
Reservoir in blood and body fluids-- hepatitis, cold sores, H…
Reservoir in dust, soil, skin, colon-- pneumonia, sepsis, yea…
Lives off of host
Bacteria
E.coli, Staph aureus, Streptococcus-- causes UTI, wound infec…
Virus
Reservoir in blood and body fluids-- hepatitis, cold sores, H…
Inflammation and Infection
Chemotaxis
White blood cells
Chronic Inflammation
Granuloma
A complex process involving more than a dozen different chemi…
Attracted to an area of inflammation by chemotaxis
Continues for weeks to years; tissue is repeatedly being dest…
An accumulation of macrophages, fibroblasts, and collagen
Chemotaxis
A complex process involving more than a dozen different chemi…
White blood cells
Attracted to an area of inflammation by chemotaxis
39 terms
infection and inflammation
what is the chain of infection
what are the three potential reservoirs
what is mode of transmission
what is the portal of entry and exit
infectious agent>reservoir>portal of exit>mode of transmissio…
animal, human, and environment
provides contact between portal of exit and portal of entry
often the same, and often the skin or mucus membranes
what is the chain of infection
infectious agent>reservoir>portal of exit>mode of transmissio…
what are the three potential reservoirs
animal, human, and environment
14 terms
Infection & Inflammation
inflammatory response
Immune response
Leukocytosis
leukopenia
-Activated when tissue damage occurs... -Both a vascular and cel…
Immunity... -Innate... -Acquired/Adaptive... --Active acquired... --Passi…
inflammation... dehydration... infection
bone marrow failure... chemo... overwhelming infections
inflammatory response
-Activated when tissue damage occurs... -Both a vascular and cel…
Immune response
Immunity... -Innate... -Acquired/Adaptive... --Active acquired... --Passi…
5 terms
Infection & Inflammation
huang lian jie du wan
huang lian su tablets
wu wei xiao du wan (five ingredients d…
bai hu tang wan (white tiger decoction…
A: clears toxic heat from three jiao... I: toxic heat, d/h, fire…
A: clears d/h and toxic heat... I: toxic heat & d/h, esp for int…
A: clears toxic heat, reduces toxic swellings... I: internal & e…
A: clears heat from LU and ST... I: yangming channel syndrome, f…
huang lian jie du wan
A: clears toxic heat from three jiao... I: toxic heat, d/h, fire…
huang lian su tablets
A: clears d/h and toxic heat... I: toxic heat & d/h, esp for int…
Inflammation/infection
Inflammation
Infection
Why does inflammation occur?
Trauma
Bodies immunologic response to tissue damage. ... Acute: rednes…
Invasion and multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms
Trauma, chemicals, temperature extremes, disease, pathogens
An injury or wound caused by external force or violence to th…
Inflammation
Bodies immunologic response to tissue damage. ... Acute: rednes…
Infection
Invasion and multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms
83 terms
Infection/Inflammation
vascular response
cellular response
margination
diapedesis
results in vasodilation causing hyperemia (increased blood fl…
neutrophils and monocytes move to the inner surface of the ca…
when neutrophils and monocytes move into the inner surface of…
when neutrophils and monocytes move from the capillaries into…
vascular response
results in vasodilation causing hyperemia (increased blood fl…
cellular response
neutrophils and monocytes move to the inner surface of the ca…
67 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Initial response to damage in epitheli…
What is the first inflammatory cell on…
What do the platelets active for the n…
Blood vessel response to injury?
Bleeding and coagulation
Platelets
cytokines/chemoattractants
Damaged blood vessels initially constrict, but later dilate a…
Initial response to damage in epitheli…
Bleeding and coagulation
What is the first inflammatory cell on…
Platelets
19 terms
Inflammation & Infection
Histamine
Prostaglandin
heparin
lymphadenopathy
cause allergic reaction, responsible for vasodilation and cap…
cox pathway, blocked by NSAIDs,
released by mast cell, maintain blood flow to the area
swollen lymph nodes during inflammation
Histamine
cause allergic reaction, responsible for vasodilation and cap…
Prostaglandin
cox pathway, blocked by NSAIDs,
29 terms
Infection & Inflammation
Signs & symptoms of infection & inflam…
Contact Dermatitis
Two kinds on contact dermatitis
Phase of wound healing that chronic wo…
-pain... -erythema... -swelling... -increased temperature
a condition in which the skin becomes red, sore, or inflamed…
irritant or allergic
Inflammatory phase
Signs & symptoms of infection & inflam…
-pain... -erythema... -swelling... -increased temperature
Contact Dermatitis
a condition in which the skin becomes red, sore, or inflamed…
25 terms
Infection/ Inflammation
Infectivity
Pathogenicity
Rickettsia
Mycoplasm
a pathogen's capacity for horizontal transmission, i.e., how…
potential capacity of microbes or viruses to cause a disease
Non-spore forming pleomorphic gram negative bacteria with a c…
Bacteria that lack cell wall
Infectivity
a pathogen's capacity for horizontal transmission, i.e., how…
Pathogenicity
potential capacity of microbes or viruses to cause a disease
34 terms
Inflammation & Infection
Abscees
Adhesion
Bacteria
Chemotaxis
a localized collection of pus
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
a 1 celled microorganism that may be aerobic or anaerobic and…
the movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals
Abscees
a localized collection of pus
Adhesion
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
23 terms
inflammation/infection
antibody
antigen
bacteria
septicema
proteins that the body produces to react and render the antig…
any substance that causes the body some type of harm, thus se…
microscopic, one-celled organisms
dirty contaminated blood; blood poisoning
antibody
proteins that the body produces to react and render the antig…
antigen
any substance that causes the body some type of harm, thus se…
63 terms
Inflammation & Infection
Inflammation
Inflammation is characterized by...
Cells of Inflammation:
What are granulocytes?
Complex non-specific response to tissue injury intended to...…
1) Release of inflammatory mediators... 2) Movement of fluid and…
Endothelial Cells... Platelets... Leukocytes (WBC's)... -Neutrophils... -…
Granules are see in the cytoplasm of cell
Inflammation
Complex non-specific response to tissue injury intended to...…
Inflammation is characterized by...
1) Release of inflammatory mediators... 2) Movement of fluid and…
7 terms
Infection & Inflammation
Suffix -itis means inflammation:
infection
malaise
exudate
it's also commonly used to indicate infection
the invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease-producing)…
a feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often t…
fluid, such as pus, that leaks out of an infected wound.
Suffix -itis means inflammation:
it's also commonly used to indicate infection
infection
the invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease-producing)…
9 terms
inflammation & infection
antigens
antibodies
bacteria
viruses
...
...
...
smallest infection organism; cannot reproduce or live outside…
antigens
...
antibodies
...
Inflammation/Infection
inflammation
inflammatory response
phagocytes
formation of exudates
a protective response of the body to the effects of tissue in…
A response which causes visible and uncomfortable symptoms.... H…
eat pathogens
accumulation of dead tissue and fluid that occurs from vascul…
inflammation
a protective response of the body to the effects of tissue in…
inflammatory response
A response which causes visible and uncomfortable symptoms.... H…
36 terms
Inflammation/infection
Chain of events leading to infection
what contributes to nosocomial infecti…
what risk factors predispose someone t…
why are infants at greater risk for de…
reservoir ... portal of exit... mode of transmission... portal of entr…
high prevalence of pathogens... high prevalence of compromised h…
compromised immunity... age increase... malnutrition... chronic illnes…
immune system immature... temperature control... communication/reas…
Chain of events leading to infection
reservoir ... portal of exit... mode of transmission... portal of entr…
what contributes to nosocomial infecti…
high prevalence of pathogens... high prevalence of compromised h…
INFECTION AND INFLAMMATION
itis
infetion
malaise
exudate
inflammation also commonly used to indicate infeaction
invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism
feeling of general discomfort first indication of an infectio…
fluid such as pus that leaks out of infected wound
itis
inflammation also commonly used to indicate infeaction
infetion
invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism
33 terms
Infection/Inflammation
types of pathogens
Chain of Infection
potential for microorganisms to cause…
Infection
-bacteria... -virus... -fungus... -parasite... -protozoa
in order for virus to infect chain of reaction must not be br…
-sufficient number... -virulence... -ability to enter and survive i…
-invasion of the body by pathogens and the reaction of the ti…
types of pathogens
-bacteria... -virus... -fungus... -parasite... -protozoa
Chain of Infection
in order for virus to infect chain of reaction must not be br…
Inflammation and infection
Inflammation
Antibody-mediated immunity
Cell- mediated
Neutrophil
Neutrophil, macrophage, monocyte, eosinophil, basophil
B-lymphocyte, plasma cell, memory cell
Helper t-cell, cytrotoxic t cell, natural killer cell
Bacteria protection, mature phagocytosis
Inflammation
Neutrophil, macrophage, monocyte, eosinophil, basophil
Antibody-mediated immunity
B-lymphocyte, plasma cell, memory cell
100 terms
Infection/Inflammation
Entry and multiplication of an infecti…
Infection w/ no clinical signs and sym…
Infection which causes clinical signs…
Infection affecting one part of the body
Infection
Asymptomatic
Symptomatic
Localized
Entry and multiplication of an infecti…
Infection
Infection w/ no clinical signs and sym…
Asymptomatic
23 terms
Inflammation and Infection
prostaglandins
leukotrienes
bradykinins
histamine
phospholipids from mast cells and other cell membranes; media…
derived from arachidonic acid in cell membranes; increases va…
from plasma proteins and kinins; increases vascular permeabil…
from mast cells; mediates EARLY, ACUTE inflammatory response
prostaglandins
phospholipids from mast cells and other cell membranes; media…
leukotrienes
derived from arachidonic acid in cell membranes; increases va…
16 terms
Infection and Inflammation
A period of recovery. Signs and sympto…
Reconstruction or Proliferative Phase
Remodeling or Maturation Phase
Inflammatory Phase
A nurse is assessing a patient in the resolution stage of an…
A patient is 7 days post operative. Which stage of the wound…
Lasts months or a year or more, begins as early as 3 weeks.
Lasts up to 3 days in a clean wound.
A period of recovery. Signs and sympto…
A nurse is assessing a patient in the resolution stage of an…
Reconstruction or Proliferative Phase
A patient is 7 days post operative. Which stage of the wound…
9 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Mononucleosis (Kissing disease)... *(Epst…
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Sclerodoma
Lyme disease
S/S: fever, sore throat, cervical lymphadenopathy, malaise, H…
Chronic and progressive autoimmune disorder that affects th…
affects connective tissue throughout the body... S/S: tight skin…
Cause by deer tick... First sign: erythema (redness)... Skin lesi…
Mononucleosis (Kissing disease)... *(Epst…
S/S: fever, sore throat, cervical lymphadenopathy, malaise, H…
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Chronic and progressive autoimmune disorder that affects th…
48 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Abscess
Adhesion
Antibody
Antigen
Collection of pus
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
proteins that the body produces to react to and render the an…
any substance that causes the body some type of harm, thus se…
Abscess
Collection of pus
Adhesion
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
Infection and Inflammation
core body temp
core temps highest when..
host
colonization
97-99.5
late afternoon/evening... -LOWEST temps in the morning
organism capable of supporting another
-act of establishing a presence
core body temp
97-99.5
core temps highest when..
late afternoon/evening... -LOWEST temps in the morning
21 terms
Infection and Inflammation
rubor
dolor
tumor
calor
redness; results from increased arteriole blood flow due to v…
pain; mediated by bradykinin and prostaglandin 2
swelling; increased intravascular pressure without increased…
heat; results from increased arteriole blood flow due to vaso…
rubor
redness; results from increased arteriole blood flow due to v…
dolor
pain; mediated by bradykinin and prostaglandin 2
34 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Abscess
Adhesion
Bacteria
Chemotaxis
a localized collection of pus.
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
a one-celled microorganism that may be aerobic or anaerobic a…
the movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals.
Abscess
a localized collection of pus.
Adhesion
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
21 terms
Infection and Inflammation
rubor
dolor
tumor
calor
redness; results from increased arteriole blood flow due to v…
pain; mediated by bradykinin and prostaglandin 2
swelling; increased intravascular pressure without increased…
heat; results from increased arteriole blood flow due to vaso…
rubor
redness; results from increased arteriole blood flow due to v…
dolor
pain; mediated by bradykinin and prostaglandin 2
Inflammation and Infection
Examples of Granulocytes
Examples of Agranulocytes
Hematopoiesis
What do white blood cells do?
Neutrophils... Bands... Basophils... Eosinophils
Lymphocytes... Monocytes
formation of new cells in blood
protect body against harmful bacteria
Examples of Granulocytes
Neutrophils... Bands... Basophils... Eosinophils
Examples of Agranulocytes
Lymphocytes... Monocytes
INFLAMMATION & INFECTION
Why does inflammation result in edema?
What are systemic manifestations of in…
What is catarrhal exudate?
What is colonization?
albumin leaves blood vessels into the interstitium, increasin…
increased heart rate, respiratory rate, fever
mucus in respiratory tract
when a microorganism invades a host but doesn't cause infection
Why does inflammation result in edema?
albumin leaves blood vessels into the interstitium, increasin…
What are systemic manifestations of in…
increased heart rate, respiratory rate, fever
47 terms
Infection & Inflammation
Bacteria
Virus
Fungal
Parasites
2nd most common type of infection.... Single celled organisms th…
Require a host to infect. May cause injury immediately or wait
Single or multicellular... Mainly cause infection in immunocompr…
Cause infection in immunocompromised patients
Bacteria
2nd most common type of infection.... Single celled organisms th…
Virus
Require a host to infect. May cause injury immediately or wait
12 terms
Infection and inflammation
Infection
Malaise
Exudate
Inflammation
Is the invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism.
Is a feeling of general discomfort that is often the first in…
Pus or fluid that leaks out of an infected wound
A localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues
Infection
Is the invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism.
Malaise
Is a feeling of general discomfort that is often the first in…
143 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Chain of Infection
Virulence
Reservoir
Endogenous
1. Infectious Agent ... 2.Reservoir ... 3.Portal of Exit ... 4. Mode o…
The extent with which a microorganism is capable of producing…
Place where the pathogen lives and multiplies.
organisms that reside on the skin or mucous membrane
Chain of Infection
1. Infectious Agent ... 2.Reservoir ... 3.Portal of Exit ... 4. Mode o…
Virulence
The extent with which a microorganism is capable of producing…
40 terms
Inflammation and Infection
Neutrophil
Phagocytosis
Aspirin
Dehiscence
Cell type involved in acute inflammation
Cellular activity of inflammation: endocytosis
Substance which maybe block pathways in the inflammatory resp…
Complication of wound healing
Neutrophil
Cell type involved in acute inflammation
Phagocytosis
Cellular activity of inflammation: endocytosis
Infection and Inflammation
acute inflammation
chronic inflammation
body's defense
leukocytosis
characterized by pain, heat, redness
Ongoing, irritating pain in the body ... Allergies or asthma ... Hi…
flora... immune response... inflammation
increase WBCs... infection, trauma, dehydration, inflammation, s…
acute inflammation
characterized by pain, heat, redness
chronic inflammation
Ongoing, irritating pain in the body ... Allergies or asthma ... Hi…
Infection and inflammation
SSI
Influence client susceptibility
Clean wounds
Clean-contaminated wounds
surgical site infection, caused by patients own normal flora,
chronic disease... steroid use... malnutrition... smoking
surgery done- doesn't enter GI, urinary, respiratory (wound h…
Controlled entry into the system, controlled monitored to pre…
SSI
surgical site infection, caused by patients own normal flora,
Influence client susceptibility
chronic disease... steroid use... malnutrition... smoking
infection and inflammation
bacteria
virus
fungus
parasite
...
...
...
...
bacteria
...
virus
...
Infection and Inflammation
Hospital Acquired Infection; Associate…
4 common types of nosocomial infections?
Transmission that is from the patient…
Transmission from hospital environment…
Nosocomial Infections
UTI, pneumonia, bacteremia, C-Diff
Endogenous
Exogenous
Hospital Acquired Infection; Associate…
Nosocomial Infections
4 common types of nosocomial infections?
UTI, pneumonia, bacteremia, C-Diff
inflammation and infection
chain of infection
prostaglandin synthesis
vascular response to infection
cell response to infection
an infectious agent or pathogen, a reservoir, a port of exit…
a hormone that causes inflammation. made at the site of infec…
acute inflammation, rapid vasodilation, edema due to fluid ru…
WBC starting to arrive. phagocytosis through neutrophils and…
chain of infection
an infectious agent or pathogen, a reservoir, a port of exit…
prostaglandin synthesis
a hormone that causes inflammation. made at the site of infec…
52 terms
Inflammation and Infection
inflammation
Acute
chronic
vascular permeability
the protective and coordinated response of the body to an inj…
type of inflammation that is rapid occurrence in reaction to…
type of inflammation whose reaction persists, inhibits healin…
the reaction of inflammation that allows dilation of blood ve…
inflammation
the protective and coordinated response of the body to an inj…
Acute
type of inflammation that is rapid occurrence in reaction to…
Infection and Inflammation
Communicable Disease
Inflammation
Phagocytosis
Leukocytosis
Can be transmitted directly from one person to another.
Defense against infection. Response of the body to injury, in…
WBCs ingest and destroy MOs or other small particles.
Increase in WBCs during inflammation.
Communicable Disease
Can be transmitted directly from one person to another.
Inflammation
Defense against infection. Response of the body to injury, in…
Infection and Inflammation
Communicable Disease
Chain of Infection: Infectious Agent
Chain of Infection: Reservoir
Chain of Infection: Portal of Exit
Infectious disease that can be transmitted directly from one…
Microorganisms include bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa
A place where microorganisms survive, multiply, and await tra…
After microorganisms find a site to grow and multiply, they n…
Communicable Disease
Infectious disease that can be transmitted directly from one…
Chain of Infection: Infectious Agent
Microorganisms include bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa
1 of 10