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Study sets matching "ingestion"

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Study sets matching "ingestion"

Ingestion
Adam 2013
Holch 2010
Tallet 2007
Brobeck 1948
solutions for obesity, prophylaxis, treatment, CBT, baributat…
anti obesity drug development far from glorious, transient ma…
BSS model on Rimonbrant, intake suppression via secondary res…
Thermostatic
Adam 2013
solutions for obesity, prophylaxis, treatment, CBT, baributat…
Holch 2010
anti obesity drug development far from glorious, transient ma…
41 terms
Ingestion
Homeostasis
Ingestive Behavior
System Variable
Set Point
The process by which the body's substances and characteristic…
Eating or Drinking
A variable that is controlled by a regulatory mechanism, for…
The optimal value of the system variable in a regulatory mech…
Homeostasis
The process by which the body's substances and characteristic…
Ingestive Behavior
Eating or Drinking
116 terms
INGESTION
alimentary canal
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intes…
20
32
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
alimentary canal
number of baby teeth
adult teeth
alimentary canal
digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intes…
alimentary canal
11 terms
Ingestion
Saliva
Amylase
Esophagus
Peristalsis
Dissolves food particles, lubricates food to be swallowed, an…
Enzyme that breaks down starches (Complex Carbs) into simple…
Where food travels from mouth to stomach using peristalsis
Waves of involuntary rhythmic muscle contractions that push f…
Saliva
Dissolves food particles, lubricates food to be swallowed, an…
Amylase
Enzyme that breaks down starches (Complex Carbs) into simple…
Ingestion
Molars
Canines
Incisors
Trophic Group
Numerous large flat surfaced teeth found towards the rear of…
Pointed teeth. Eye teeth. Used for ripping and tearing flesh…
Chisel-like teeth found at the front of the jaw. They are use…
Animals whose diets are similar.
Molars
Numerous large flat surfaced teeth found towards the rear of…
Canines
Pointed teeth. Eye teeth. Used for ripping and tearing flesh…
21 terms
ingestion
what is ingestion?
what is the job of the organs responsi…
what is mechanical digestion?
what is chemical digestion?
ingestion is the entry point for all nutrients into the stystem
they are responsible for preparing the food to be fully diges…
mechanical digestion happens when there is a physical movemen…
chemical digestion is when food particles are subjected to di…
what is ingestion?
ingestion is the entry point for all nutrients into the stystem
what is the job of the organs responsi…
they are responsible for preparing the food to be fully diges…
24 terms
Ingestion
Organs involved in ingestion
What is a gland
What is ingestion
Teeth; incisors and canines
Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, epiglottis, esophagus
Any organ that secrets (produced and discharge) a fluid into…
Process of consuming a substance through the mouth.
Sharp and narrow-used for biting and tearing food
Organs involved in ingestion
Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, epiglottis, esophagus
What is a gland
Any organ that secrets (produced and discharge) a fluid into…
43 terms
Ingestion
What are the 5 parts of ingestion?
Where is the Oral Cavity?
Where is it bound? (3 areas)
Where is the Vestibule?
1) Oral Cavity... 2) Teeth... 3) Saliva... 4) Pharynx... 5) Esophagus
Most Rostral Portion
Lateral by lips and cheeks; Dorsal by hard and soft palate; V…
Between the lips and teeth
What are the 5 parts of ingestion?
1) Oral Cavity... 2) Teeth... 3) Saliva... 4) Pharynx... 5) Esophagus
Where is the Oral Cavity?
Most Rostral Portion
24 terms
Poison Ingestion
Which products are not absorbed by act…
Activated Charcoal
Decontamination
Radiation exposure
Alcohol... Iron... caustics... hydrocarbons... lithium... heavy metals
Given for most ingestion to absorb from gut... Dose 1gm/kg
Remove clothes, irrigate copiously the skin... Emesis... Lavage... Act…
Source nuclear war release, weapons, medical imaging... Acute -…
Which products are not absorbed by act…
Alcohol... Iron... caustics... hydrocarbons... lithium... heavy metals
Activated Charcoal
Given for most ingestion to absorb from gut... Dose 1gm/kg
16 terms
Caustic Ingestion
What is the appearance of a first degr…
What is the endoscopic appearance of 2…
What is the endoscopic appearance of a…
What historical features do you want t…
Mild hyperemia, edema of mucosa
White exudates, erythema, injury to mucosa, submucosa
Full thickness burn, black coagulum, extension beyond esophagus
Substance... Quantity... When taken... Have the bottle?... Dyspnea... Dyspha…
What is the appearance of a first degr…
Mild hyperemia, edema of mucosa
What is the endoscopic appearance of 2…
White exudates, erythema, injury to mucosa, submucosa
20 terms
Ingestion quiz
The different between baby and adult t…
Hydrochloric acid function
Bile function
Swallowing reflex
adult 2 premolar and 3 molar
Kill germs activate pepsin, clean food
Do not digest food but emulsified fat
Soft plate closes nasal cavity ventilation stops and glottis…
The different between baby and adult t…
adult 2 premolar and 3 molar
Hydrochloric acid function
Kill germs activate pepsin, clean food
13 terms
Ingestion Antidotes
Tylenol
Anticholinergics
Beta Blockers
Carbon Monoxide
NAC (Mucamyst)
Physiostigmine
Glucagon, Cateholamines
Oxygen
Tylenol
NAC (Mucamyst)
Anticholinergics
Physiostigmine
60 terms
physio ingestion
homeostasis
system variable
set point
detector
process of maintaining a constant internal enviroment
a variable that is controlled by a regulatory mechanism
the optimal value of the system variable in a regulatory mech…
the mechanism that is capable of changing the value of the sy…
homeostasis
process of maintaining a constant internal enviroment
system variable
a variable that is controlled by a regulatory mechanism
21 terms
DIT ingestion
Mouth
Pharynx
Salivary glands
Epiglottis
Chews and mixes food with saliva
Directs food from mouth to esophagus
Secrete saliva
Protects airways during swallowing
Mouth
Chews and mixes food with saliva
Pharynx
Directs food from mouth to esophagus
22 terms
Accidental Ingestion
Acetylcysteine
Atropine
Botulism Antitoxin
Calcium EDTA
APAP
Anticholinergics, Organophosphates
Botulinum
Lithium
Acetylcysteine
APAP
Atropine
Anticholinergics, Organophosphates
8 terms
Methods of ingestion
Methods of Ingestion for CNS Depressants
Methods of Ingestion CNS Stimulants
Methods of Ingestion for Hallucinogens
Methods of Ingestion for Dissociative…
Oral, Injected occassionally
Insufflation, Smoking, Injected, Oral
Oral, Insufflation, Smoked, Injected, Transdermal
Smoked, Oral, Insufflation, Injected, Eye drops
Methods of Ingestion for CNS Depressants
Oral, Injected occassionally
Methods of Ingestion CNS Stimulants
Insufflation, Smoking, Injected, Oral
59 terms
Accidental Ingestion
pre-hospital: inhaled
pre-hospital: skin
pre-hospital: eye
pre-hospital: swallowed
fresh air
remove contaminated clothing and flood area with water for 10…
flood with water... repeat for 10-15 min
give 2-4 oz of water STAT unless--unconscious, convulsing, or…
pre-hospital: inhaled
fresh air
pre-hospital: skin
remove contaminated clothing and flood area with water for 10…
10 terms
Ingestion and Digestion
Esophagus
Peristalsis
salivary glands
Gastric glands
A tube that is made of two layers of muscle that connects the…
process in which food bolus is moved to the stomach. This pro…
produce:amylase acts on: starch
Produce pepsin acts on proteins
Esophagus
A tube that is made of two layers of muscle that connects the…
Peristalsis
process in which food bolus is moved to the stomach. This pro…
10 terms
ingestion and digestion
3 cells in stomach
parietal cells
chief cells
mucosa cells
parietal cells, mucosa cells, chief cells
release HCl which is necessary to make stomach acidic and act…
release pepsinogen which is the (INACTIVE form) with HCl it t…
release mucous to protect lining of stomach from acidic break…
3 cells in stomach
parietal cells, mucosa cells, chief cells
parietal cells
release HCl which is necessary to make stomach acidic and act…
8 terms
Caustic Ingestion
Classification of caustic injury to th…
Initial assesment of caustic injury pa…
Who should get esophagoscopy in suspec…
Role of steroids in caustic ingestion?
Several exist. Most useful is the same as cutaneous burns:... 1…
1. ABC's.... 2. History.... 3. Physical.... 4. CXR and KUB.... Esop…
Most say everyone. Symptoms or radiographic findings initiall…
Controversial. RCT showed no benefit (Anderson). Animal data…
Classification of caustic injury to th…
Several exist. Most useful is the same as cutaneous burns:... 1…
Initial assesment of caustic injury pa…
1. ABC's.... 2. History.... 3. Physical.... 4. CXR and KUB.... Esop…
65 terms
ingestion and digestion
Xerostomia
effects of aging on digestion and inge…
secondary prevent measures from gastro…
pt with GI disorders, incontinence man…
dry mouth
dry mouth, decrease appetite, change in taste, delayed esopha…
occult stool testing... colonoscopy... dental care
skin assessment... high quality skin care... toileting schedule... saf…
Xerostomia
dry mouth
effects of aging on digestion and inge…
dry mouth, decrease appetite, change in taste, delayed esopha…
29 terms
accidental ingestion
what is first aid approach at home for…
for activated charcoal, what should we…
activated charcoal dose for less than…
what is purpose of cathartics?
wash with water for 10-15 min drink 2-4 oz of water
PHAILS... P- pesticides, petroleum ... H- hydrocarbon, heavy metals…
1g/kg
increase GI elimination and decrease absorption ... can be use o…
what is first aid approach at home for…
wash with water for 10-15 min drink 2-4 oz of water
for activated charcoal, what should we…
PHAILS... P- pesticides, petroleum ... H- hydrocarbon, heavy metals…
20 terms
Ingestion and Digestion
antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and aldoste…
glucagon and ghrelin
leptin and cholecystokinin
mastication, salivary amylase, lipase,…
promote thrist
promote hunger
promote satiety
In the oral cavity, ______________ starts the mechanical dige…
antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and aldoste…
promote thrist
glucagon and ghrelin
promote hunger
29 terms
Digestion and Ingestion
digestion
physical digestion
chemical digestion
extracellular digestion
processes that break down food
type of digestion that breaks food into small pieces (chewing)
type of digestion that breaks food into different substances…
type of digestion that breaks food down outside the cell
digestion
processes that break down food
physical digestion
type of digestion that breaks food into small pieces (chewing)
23 terms
Carb Ingestion
Prior to exercise When should you cons…
Prior to exercise What is the recommen…
Prior to exercise What blood glucose r…
Prior to exercise Is exercise performa…
o Daily ingestion of high CHO meals (~65% CHO) has shown to m…
o Maximal endogenous glycogen stores are best maintained eati…
o Maintenance of blood glucose during competition which promo…
o Ingestion of higher CHO diets 1-7 days prior to competition…
Prior to exercise When should you cons…
o Daily ingestion of high CHO meals (~65% CHO) has shown to m…
Prior to exercise What is the recommen…
o Maximal endogenous glycogen stores are best maintained eati…
88 terms
all of ingestion
____ is the process by which the body'…
______ is a variable that is controlle…
In a regulatory process _____ is the m…
In a regulatory process,_____ is the m…
homeostasis is process by which the body substances and chara…
system variable is a variable that is controlled by a regulat…
In a regulatory process the detector is the mechanism that si…
In a regulatory process, correctional mechanism is the mechan…
____ is the process by which the body'…
homeostasis is process by which the body substances and chara…
______ is a variable that is controlle…
system variable is a variable that is controlled by a regulat…
14 terms
Ingestion and digestion
Gastric glands
Chief cells and parietal cells
Pepsin
Pyloric glands
Glands in the mucosa of the stomach that respond to the vagus…
Chief secrete pepsinogen and parietal secrete HCl and intrins…
Cleaves aromatic amino acids into short fragments.
Glands in the stomach mucosa that contain G cells, which secr…
Gastric glands
Glands in the mucosa of the stomach that respond to the vagus…
Chief cells and parietal cells
Chief secrete pepsinogen and parietal secrete HCl and intrins…
184 terms
Ingestion and Propulsion
Accessory organs
Accessory organs (5)
liver secretes
exocrine pancreas secretes substances…
organs that secrete substances used in digestion but don't ha…
liver... lymphatics... gallbladder... exocrine pancreas... salivary glands
bile
duodenum
Accessory organs
organs that secrete substances used in digestion but don't ha…
Accessory organs (5)
liver... lymphatics... gallbladder... exocrine pancreas... salivary glands
8 terms
Ingestion and Digestion
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Egestion
taking in nutrients
breakdown of organic molecules
digested nutrients
poop
Ingestion
taking in nutrients
Digestion
breakdown of organic molecules
8 terms
Digestion/Ingestion
intracellular/phagocytosis
intracellular/phagocytosis
extra & intracellular/phagocytosis/mouth
extra & intracellular/mouth
Amoeba
Sponge
Hydra
Planaria
intracellular/phagocytosis
Amoeba
intracellular/phagocytosis
Sponge
66 terms
ingestive behavior
ingestive behavior
absorptive and fasting
Absorptive phase
Fasting phase
eating or drinking
The TWO phases of metabolism:
Phase of metabolism during which nutrients are ABSORBED from…
Phase of metabolism during which nutrients are NOT available…
ingestive behavior
eating or drinking
absorptive and fasting
The TWO phases of metabolism:
37 terms
Ingestive Behavior
Prader-Willi Syndrome
Prader-Willi Syndrome symptoms
Leptin
Parabiosis experiments
-paternal gene deletion on chromosome 15
-Hypotonia (weak muscles)... -Short stature... -Polyphagia/hyperpha…
-peptide hormone made by adipose fat cells... -inhibits food int…
Surgically joining two mices, allowing sharing of blood, resu…
Prader-Willi Syndrome
-paternal gene deletion on chromosome 15
Prader-Willi Syndrome symptoms
-Hypotonia (weak muscles)... -Short stature... -Polyphagia/hyperpha…
71 terms
Daily word ingestion
Abate
Abdicate
Aberration
Amicable
to lessen or become less - verb
to give up power or authority - verb
something that does not fit with the current idea of normal,…
friendly, used to describe relationships, attitude, for tone…
Abate
to lessen or become less - verb
Abdicate
to give up power or authority - verb
50 terms
Chapter 11: Ingestion
homeostasis
ingestive behavior
system variable
set point
the process by which the body's substances and characteristic…
eating or drinking
a variable that is controlled by a regulatory mechanism (temp…
the optimal value of the system variable in a regulatory mech…
homeostasis
the process by which the body's substances and characteristic…
ingestive behavior
eating or drinking
52 terms
Ingestive Behaviour
Homeostasis
Satiety mechanism
Hypovolemia
Renin
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
The observation that animals will stop drinking long before t…
increased temp, rapid/weak pulse, increase respiration, hypot…
What substance do the JG cells of the kidney secrete in respo…
Homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Satiety mechanism
The observation that animals will stop drinking long before t…
22 terms
Ingestive Behavior
ingestive behavior
how does ingestive behaviors play a ro…
homeostatic mechanisms are comprised o…
negative feedback loop
involves seeking out and consuming food, water, and minerals…
ingestive behaviors act as " correctional mechanisms" to repl…
1) system variable- the physio variable to be regulated... 2) se…
when the correctional mechanism returns the physio variable b…
ingestive behavior
involves seeking out and consuming food, water, and minerals…
how does ingestive behaviors play a ro…
ingestive behaviors act as " correctional mechanisms" to repl…
Ingestive behavior
homeostasis
negative feedback
satiety mechanisms
intracellular fluid
the process by which the bodys substances and characteristics…
a process by whereby the effect produced by an action serves…
a brain mechanism that causes cessation of hunger or thirst,…
fluid within cell walls
homeostasis
the process by which the bodys substances and characteristics…
negative feedback
a process by whereby the effect produced by an action serves…
52 terms
ingestion quiz 3
_____ of the kidney control excretion…
the two types of thirst are ____ and _…
increased tonicity of interstitial flu…
Referring to osmometric thirst , inges…
Nephrons of the kidneys control excretion of water and salt
the two types of thirst are volumetric thirst and osometric t…
increased tonicity of interstitial fluid stimulates osmometri…
Referring to osmometric thirst , ingestion of salt will incre…
_____ of the kidney control excretion…
Nephrons of the kidneys control excretion of water and salt
the two types of thirst are ____ and _…
the two types of thirst are volumetric thirst and osometric t…
28 terms
ingestion quiz 4
axons from gut are sensitive to ____,…
______ is a hormone that is secreted b…
cholecystokinin is a hormone that is s…
cholecystokinin is a hormone that is s…
Axons from the gut are sensitive to glucose , amino acids, an…
cholecystokinin is a hormone that is secreted by the doudenum…
cholecystokinin is a hormone that is secreted by the doudenum…
cholecystokinin is a hormone that is secreted by the doudenum…
axons from gut are sensitive to ____,…
Axons from the gut are sensitive to glucose , amino acids, an…
______ is a hormone that is secreted b…
cholecystokinin is a hormone that is secreted by the doudenum…
15 terms
Ingestive Behavior
Drinking
Homeostasis
Set Point
Detector Mechanism
Intake of Water and control of Salt (Na)
Internal regulation that maintains balance
Optimal range for a variable to be kept
Awareness of being out of stasis
Drinking
Intake of Water and control of Salt (Na)
Homeostasis
Internal regulation that maintains balance
54 terms
Ingestive Behavior
Homeostasis
Ingestive behavior
System variable
Set point
Process by which the bodys substances and characteristics are…
How we achieve homeostasis- eating/drinking... - controlled by i…
Characteristic to be regulated, controlled by the regulatory…
Optimal value of the system variable in a regulatory mechanism
Homeostasis
Process by which the bodys substances and characteristics are…
Ingestive behavior
How we achieve homeostasis- eating/drinking... - controlled by i…
Ingestive Behaviour
Homeostasis
Set Point
Negative Feedback
Satiety Mechanism
- body's substances and characteristics maintained at optimal…
- body's substances and characteristics maintained at optimal…
- effect diminishes or terminates action... - regulator
inhibits sensation of hunger or thirst... low fluid in body->det…
Homeostasis
- body's substances and characteristics maintained at optimal…
Set Point
- body's substances and characteristics maintained at optimal…
51 terms
ingestive system
homeostatis
ingestive behavior
system variable
set point
process by which bodys substances and characteristics are mai…
eating or drinking
variable controlled by regulatory mechanism
optimal value
homeostatis
process by which bodys substances and characteristics are mai…
ingestive behavior
eating or drinking
53 terms
Ingestive Behaviour
Homeostasis
Ingestive Behaviour
System Variable
Set Point
The process by which the body's substances and characteristic…
Eating or drinking
A variable that is controlled by a regulatory mechanism, for…
The optimal value of the system variable in a regulatory mech…
Homeostasis
The process by which the body's substances and characteristic…
Ingestive Behaviour
Eating or drinking
Ingestive Behavior
Ingestive Behavior
Eliminative Behavior
Cattle, sheep, goats, and chickens voi…
Hogs defecate in definite areas of a p…
Eating and drinking and Species Differentials
Fecal and urine deposition
Eliminative Behavior
Eliminative Behavior
Ingestive Behavior
Eating and drinking and Species Differentials
Eliminative Behavior
Fecal and urine deposition
47 terms
Ingestive Behavior
Causes of Behavior
Roger: tumor in the hypothalamus:
Lateral nucleus in the hypothalamus:
Robert Butler and Harry Harlow:
Free will: do what you want and always have a choice:... --not l…
--hungry all the time and would eat anything he could find ... -…
--stimulation:food intake... --lesion:cessation of food intake
--placed monkeys in a small dimly lit room with a small door…
Causes of Behavior
Free will: do what you want and always have a choice:... --not l…
Roger: tumor in the hypothalamus:
--hungry all the time and would eat anything he could find ... -…
28 terms
Ingestive behavior
Intracellular
Extracellular
Intravascular
Interstitial
inside cells. Must be monitored closely for survival. Cells s…
outside cells
fluid in blood. Must be monitored closely for survival
around/between cells
Intracellular
inside cells. Must be monitored closely for survival. Cells s…
Extracellular
outside cells
36 terms
Ingestive behavior
Homeostasis
ingestive behavior
System variable
Set point
The process by which the body's substances and characteristic…
eating or drinking
A variable that is controlled by a regulatory mechanism, for…
The optimal value of the system variable in a regulatory mech…
Homeostasis
The process by which the body's substances and characteristic…
ingestive behavior
eating or drinking
46 terms
ingestive behavior
homeostasis
hormone
endocrine glands
Pituitary gland
bringing body back equilibrium, there is arousal, detection b…
chemical secreted by a gland/cell that is transported to othe…
produce hormones.
2 parts (anterior, posterior), endocrine glad that is sort of…
homeostasis
bringing body back equilibrium, there is arousal, detection b…
hormone
chemical secreted by a gland/cell that is transported to othe…
46 terms
Ingestive Behavior
Insulin
Glucagon
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes insipidus
-Moves glucose from blood stream into cells... -Converts glucose…
-Converts glycogen to glucose... -Increases blood glucose levels
-Failure of insulin function... -Glucose can't enter cells so it…
-Excessive urination - doesn't taste sweet... -Problem with vaso…
Insulin
-Moves glucose from blood stream into cells... -Converts glucose…
Glucagon
-Converts glycogen to glucose... -Increases blood glucose levels
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