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Study sets matching "inorganic chapter 10"

Inorganic Chapter 10
The Big Bang Theory
BB Definition
6 quarks
What parts appeared after the BB
1940 G. Gamow
Universe once contained a singularity "ylem," and at some poi…
Up, down, charm, strange, top, bottom
6 quarks
The Big Bang Theory
1940 G. Gamow
BB Definition
Universe once contained a singularity "ylem," and at some poi…
18 terms
Inorganic: Chapter 10
Metals
Non-metals
Its group # (Old Roman Numeral)
Old group # minus 8
can only have positive oxidation states (or zero)
can have both positive and negative oxidation states (and 0).
The highest oxidation state that an element can have
The lowest oxidation state that an element can have
Metals
can only have positive oxidation states (or zero)
Non-metals
can have both positive and negative oxidation states (and 0).
50 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 9/10
Inner Sphere Ligands
Outer Sphere Ligands
Ligands
ligands may be
bound directly to the metal center and contribute to the char…
ions the coordinate to achieve a neutral molecular complex.
Lewis bases attached to the metal atom in a complex
neutral or anions that have at least one atom with a lone pair
Inner Sphere Ligands
bound directly to the metal center and contribute to the char…
Outer Sphere Ligands
ions the coordinate to achieve a neutral molecular complex.
"FINALS" PCHEM LEC Inorganic pharmaceutical excipients CHAPTER 10
Biome
Tundra
Boreal forest
Temperate rain forest
A large relatively distinct teerrestrial region characterized…
The northernmost biome
Short growing season and acidic mineral poor soil
Which recieves high precipitation
Biome
A large relatively distinct teerrestrial region characterized…
Tundra
The northernmost biome
25 terms
Inorganic chem chapters 9-10
What does pressure equal?
1 atm is how many mmHg
1 torr is how many mm Hg
I bar is equal to how many Pa
Force/unit area
760
1
1x10^5
What does pressure equal?
Force/unit area
1 atm is how many mmHg
760
46 terms
10. Inorganic
luster
slip planes
brass
bronze
characteristic of metals due to the mobility of the electrons…
planes of atoms that under stress may slip or slide, of cubic…
up to 40% zinc in copper
a metal other than zinc or nickel in copper
luster
characteristic of metals due to the mobility of the electrons…
slip planes
planes of atoms that under stress may slip or slide, of cubic…
Inorganic Chapter 9
Composition Stoichiometry
Reaction Stoichiometry
Mole Ratio
Limiting Reactant
Mass relationships of elements in compounds
Mass relationships between reactants and products in a chemic…
A conversion factor that relates the amounts in moles to of a…
The reactant that limits the amount of the other reactant tha…
Composition Stoichiometry
Mass relationships of elements in compounds
Reaction Stoichiometry
Mass relationships between reactants and products in a chemic…
Inorganic Chapter 12
Soluble
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Capable of being dissolved
Homogenous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
dissolving medium in a solution
substance dissolved in a solution
Soluble
Capable of being dissolved
Solution
Homogenous mixture of two or more substances in a single phase
Inorganic Chapter 11
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Combined Gas Law
P₁V₁ = P₂V₂... Inverse Relationship
V₁T₂ = V₂T₁... Direct Relationship
P₁T₂ = P₂T₁... Direct Relationship
P₁V₁ ÷ T₁ = P₂V₂ ÷ T₂
Boyle's Law
P₁V₁ = P₂V₂... Inverse Relationship
Charles's Law
V₁T₂ = V₂T₁... Direct Relationship
Inorganic Chapter 8
Chemical Equation
Chemical Reaction
Precipitate
Coefficient
Uses symbols and formulas to represent the identities and rel…
The process by which one or more substances are changed into…
A solid that is produced as a result of a chemical reaction i…
A small whole number that appears in front of a formula in a…
Chemical Equation
Uses symbols and formulas to represent the identities and rel…
Chemical Reaction
The process by which one or more substances are changed into…
Inorganic Chapter 5
Periodic
Periodic Law
Periodic Table
Lanthanides
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic mass…
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
An arrange to of the elements in order of their atomic number…
The 14 elements with atomic numbers from 58 to 71 (Ce to Lu)
Periodic
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic mass…
Periodic Law
The physical and chemical properties of the elements are peri…
45 terms
Chapter 13 Inorganic
1. Why are Group 1 elements called "al…
2. Why are Group 2 elements called "al…
3. Know the names and formulas of each…
4. Compare the Group 1 and 2 elements…
Their hydroxides are strongly basic (alkaline) when dissolved…
Their oxides gave basic solution and they have such high melt…
BeO (Beryllia), MgO (Magnesia), CaO (Lime), SrO (Strontia), B…
G2 mp and bp are much higher than G1 (G2 melts when G1 boil);…
1. Why are Group 1 elements called "al…
Their hydroxides are strongly basic (alkaline) when dissolved…
2. Why are Group 2 elements called "al…
Their oxides gave basic solution and they have such high melt…
17 terms
Inorganic Chapter 11 Definitions
1. Which element is most abundant by m…
2. Who discovered oxygen? When?
3. Describe the phlogiston theory
4. Why was ash considered to be "dephl…
Oxygen ~45% by mass
Joseph Priestly in 1774
Around 1700, the idea was proposed that combustible substance…
wood --- burn ---> ashes + phlogiston. So it believed that wo…
1. Which element is most abundant by m…
Oxygen ~45% by mass
2. Who discovered oxygen? When?
Joseph Priestly in 1774
26 terms
Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 1
True or false: an object on the Earth…
True or false: An object on the Earth…
This is anything that has mass and occ…
this is the measurement of the amount…
True
False
matter
mass
True or false: an object on the Earth…
True
True or false: An object on the Earth…
False
68 terms
Chapter 9,10,11 Inorganic Chemistry
What is a heterogeneous mixture?
What is a homogeneous mixture?
What are the characteristics of a hete…
What is a solution?
Mixture that is not uniform, therefore has regions of differe…
Mixing is uniform, therefore have the same composition throug…
Murky or Opaque to light, separates on standing;filterable, l…
Most important type of homogeneous mixture, contain particles…
What is a heterogeneous mixture?
Mixture that is not uniform, therefore has regions of differe…
What is a homogeneous mixture?
Mixing is uniform, therefore have the same composition throug…
Inorganic chemistry chapter 4
Insulator
Intrinsic semiconductor
Impurity semiconductor
Conductor
Big gap between bonding and antibonding orbital
Small gap between bonding and antibonding orbitals
Using a miniscule amount of impurity to help an electron get…
Overlap in the energy levels of bonding and antibonding orbit…
Insulator
Big gap between bonding and antibonding orbital
Intrinsic semiconductor
Small gap between bonding and antibonding orbitals
17 terms
Chapter 6 Inorganic Analysis
Alpha Ray
Atomic Mass Number
Atomic Number
Beta Ray
A type of radiation emitted by a radioactive element. The rad…
The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom. Each element…
A type of radiation emitted by a radioactive element. The rad…
Alpha Ray
A type of radiation emitted by a radioactive element. The rad…
Atomic Mass Number
The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus…
30 terms
Chapter 5 inorganic Chemistry
reduction
oxidation
oxidation and reduction joint process
oxidizin agent
electron gain
electron loss
redox reaction
species that removes electrons
reduction
electron gain
oxidation
electron loss
23 terms
Inorganic Chemistry - Chapter 1
Mass
Matter
Atom
Element
A measure of the amount of matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical i…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, sta…
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Inorganic Chem Chapter 6
Chemical Bond
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
Nonpolar-covalent bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
Results from the sharing of electron pairs between two atoms
A covalent bond in which the bonding electrons are shared equ…
Chemical Bond
A mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence…
Ionic Bonding
Chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction…
29 terms
Chapter 6: Inorganic Analysis
trace elements
emission spectroscopy and atomic absor…
emission spectrum
continuous spectrum
elements present in small quantities
two analytical techniques to determine the elemental composit…
light emitted from a source and separated into its component…
a type of emission spectrum showing a continuous band of colo…
trace elements
elements present in small quantities
emission spectroscopy and atomic absor…
two analytical techniques to determine the elemental composit…
38 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 7
NH₄⁺
Cu⁺
K⁺
Ag⁺
Ammonium
Copper(I)
Potassium
Silver
NH₄⁺
Ammonium
Cu⁺
Copper(I)
12 terms
Inorganic chemistry chapter 2
Kelvin vs. Celcius
Significant Figures
Significant figures when +/- and *& /
Precision
T(k)=T(c)+273.15
1.23 +/- 0.01
take the amount of sig figs in smallest figure
Indicates how close to one another repeated measurements are…
Kelvin vs. Celcius
T(k)=T(c)+273.15
Significant Figures
1.23 +/- 0.01
14 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 3
The Law of Conservation of Mass
The Law of Definite Proportions
The Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
Mass is neither created nor destroyed during ordinary chemica…
The fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements…
If two or more different compounds are composed of the same t…
The smallest particle of an element at retains the chemical p…
The Law of Conservation of Mass
Mass is neither created nor destroyed during ordinary chemica…
The Law of Definite Proportions
The fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements…
Lecture 10 Inorganic Bases/ oxides
Hydroxides (alkali)
Lewis acid
Lewis base
Hydration
a compound of a metal with the hydroxide ion OH−
electron pair acceptor
electron pair donor
solvation by water
Hydroxides (alkali)
a compound of a metal with the hydroxide ion OH−
Lewis acid
electron pair acceptor
100 terms
Chapter 3:inorganic
metalic bondin
ionic bonding
what types of bonding are nondirectional
lattic
electrons are delocalized throughout the solid... the molecular…
ions of different elements are held together in rigid system,…
ionic and mettaliac
three demetional infinite array of points
metalic bondin
electrons are delocalized throughout the solid... the molecular…
ionic bonding
ions of different elements are held together in rigid system,…
10 terms
Chapter 2: Inorganic Chemistry
Matter
Element
Atom
Atomic Mass
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance that cannot be further broken down through chemic…
The smallest part of an element that shares the properties of…
The average mass for all the naturally occurring isotopes
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A substance that cannot be further broken down through chemic…
25 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 4
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic spectrum
Frequency
Wavelength
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
All the forms of electromagnetic radiation
The number of waves that pass a given point in a specific time
The distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves
Electromagnetic Radiation
A form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travel…
Electromagnetic spectrum
All the forms of electromagnetic radiation
Inorganic Chem Chapter 4
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
Form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
All forms of electromagnetic radiation
The distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves
The number of waves that pass a given point in a specific tim…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Form of energy that exhibits wavelike behavior as it travels…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
All forms of electromagnetic radiation
21 terms
Inorganic Chemistry- Chapter 4
Quantum
Photon
Ground State
Excited State
unit of electromagnetic energy
unit of light
when electrons are as close to the nucleus as possible (w/o b…
when electrons jump to a higher energy level because of the a…
Quantum
unit of electromagnetic energy
Photon
unit of light
25 terms
Inorganic Test 3: Chapter 11
Which element is most abundant by mass…
Who discovered oxygen? When?
Describe the phlogiston theory.
Why was ash considered to be "dephlogi…
Oxygen
Joseph Priestly in 1774
Alchemists believed there were four elements: Earth, Air, Fir…
You can't burn ash
Which element is most abundant by mass…
Oxygen
Who discovered oxygen? When?
Joseph Priestly in 1774
21 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 5
LCAO
Emo < Eao
Emo > Eao
bonding orbital
Linear Combinations of Atomic Orbitals... Sums and differences o…
stable and a compound can form
compound cannot form
sum of AO's, constructive, lower energy
LCAO
Linear Combinations of Atomic Orbitals... Sums and differences o…
Emo < Eao
stable and a compound can form
24 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 6
Lewis Acid
Lewis base
Bronsted-Lowry Acid
B-L base
electron pair acceptor
electron pair donor
hydrogen ion donor
hydrogen ion acceptor
Lewis Acid
electron pair acceptor
Lewis base
electron pair donor
21 terms
Inorganic Test 4: Chapter 15
What types of bonding are present in t…
Why is there a melting point (or subli…
Why is the melting point of Ge so much…
What are the common oxidation states o…
C, Si, Ge - covalent network... Sn, Pb - metallic
due to longer, weaker bonds in silicon
Ge exhibits a covalent network of bonding... Sn exhibits metalli…
-4, -2, 0, +2, +4
What types of bonding are present in t…
C, Si, Ge - covalent network... Sn, Pb - metallic
Why is there a melting point (or subli…
due to longer, weaker bonds in silicon
39 terms
Chapter 0 Inorganic Chem
1. Which of the following is the logic…
One would expect a fairly even distrib…
Which of the following postulates from…
Which of the following statements is/a…
b .Hydrogen Helium Carbon Argon
The early earth liquefied, resulting in heavier elements migr…
I and III
I and II
1. Which of the following is the logic…
b .Hydrogen Helium Carbon Argon
One would expect a fairly even distrib…
The early earth liquefied, resulting in heavier elements migr…
60 terms
Inorganic Chapter 5
bleach
biological stain
AB3O4
Piezoelectric effect
ClO2
OsO4
spinels, metal oxides
pressure causes current to flow
bleach
ClO2
biological stain
OsO4
45 terms
Inorganic Chapter 4
CO
CO
CO
CO2
produced industrially by rxn of steam and coal
syngas or water gas
Fischer-Tropsch process... (n) CO + (2n+1) H2 >>> C(n)H(2n+2) +…
produced commercially by combustion of carbon based fuels or…
CO
produced industrially by rxn of steam and coal
CO
syngas or water gas
9 terms
Chapter 9 inorganic
the _______ sphere is enclosed in brac…
in coord chemistry, the donor atom of…
lewis acid in coord chemistry
lewis base in coord chemistry
coordination
the atom that shares an electron pair with the metal
metal
ligand
the _______ sphere is enclosed in brac…
coordination
in coord chemistry, the donor atom of…
the atom that shares an electron pair with the metal
26 terms
Inorganic Chemistry chapter 7
simple cubic unit cell
close packing
HCP
CCP
simplest repeating unit in a simple cubic structure
atoms as tightly packed as possible using stacking
hexagonal close packing a/b/a/b/a/b/a/b
cubic close packing a/b/c/a/b/c/a/b/c
simple cubic unit cell
simplest repeating unit in a simple cubic structure
close packing
atoms as tightly packed as possible using stacking
39 terms
INORGANIC CHAPTER ONE
Mass
Matter
Atom
Element
Measure of the amount of matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical i…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, sta…
Mass
Measure of the amount of matter
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
49 terms
Science 10, Chapter 10
Air mass
Albedo
Angle of incidence
Atmospheres
A large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
The amount of radiation reflected by a surface
The angle between a ray reaching a surface and a line perpend…
Layers of gases that extend above planets' surfaces
Air mass
A large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
Albedo
The amount of radiation reflected by a surface
28 terms
Inorganic Chapter 2
2 major classes of compounds
organic compounds characteristics
4 inorganic compounds
water is
Organic and inorganic
contain carbon and are covalently bonded
salts, water, acids, bases
most abundant/important inorganic compound in living matter
2 major classes of compounds
Organic and inorganic
organic compounds characteristics
contain carbon and are covalently bonded
58 terms
Inorganic Chapter 2
Unpaired electrons
lone pairs
Valence electrons
A group number
are potential source of chemical bonding
paired electrons and usually not involved in bonding
are the electrons in the highest occupied energy level on an…
the number of valence electrons is the same as the_______.
Unpaired electrons
are potential source of chemical bonding
lone pairs
paired electrons and usually not involved in bonding
61 terms
Inorganic Chapter 8
protium
deuterium
tritium
hydride
normal hydrogen isotope; 1 proton, 0 neutrons; 99.98% abundant
hydrogen isotope with 1 proton and 1 neutron; 0.0156% abundan…
hydrogen isotope with 1 proton and 2 neutrons
H- ion; He e- configuration; found in successful reducing age…
protium
normal hydrogen isotope; 1 proton, 0 neutrons; 99.98% abundant
deuterium
hydrogen isotope with 1 proton and 1 neutron; 0.0156% abundan…
38 terms
Inorganic Chapter 12: Definition
1. Describe the unusual physical prope…
3. How can the unusual physical proper…
4. Know the relative trend in boiling…
5. List the common uses of lithium
Unusually soft and can be easily cut with a knife, lower melt…
They have the largest atomic size in their respective periods…
decrease as you go down
Lithium ion batteries, lithium greasers (high temperature gre…
1. Describe the unusual physical prope…
Unusually soft and can be easily cut with a knife, lower melt…
3. How can the unusual physical proper…
They have the largest atomic size in their respective periods…
21 terms
Inorganic Test: Chapter 12
Describe the unusual physical properti…
Know the melting point of Cs.
How can the unusual physical propertie…
Know the relative trend in boiling poi…
MP: Li highest, Cs lowest (Inc going up)... BP: Li highest, Cs l…
28.5 (only a few degrees above room temperature)
1. Largest atomic size... 2. Electron configuration is ns1 -- we…
BP: Li highest, Cs lowest (Inc going up)
Describe the unusual physical properti…
MP: Li highest, Cs lowest (Inc going up)... BP: Li highest, Cs l…
Know the melting point of Cs.
28.5 (only a few degrees above room temperature)
59 terms
Chapter 13 Inorganic
1. Why are Group 1 elements called "al…
2. Why are Group 2 elements called "al…
3. Know the names and formulas of each…
4. Compare the Group 1 and 2 elements…
Their hydroxides are strongly basic (alkaline) when dissolved…
Their oxides gave basic solution and they have such high melt…
BeO (Beryllia), MgO (Magnesia), CaO (Lime), SrO (Strontia), B…
G2 mp and bp are much higher than G1 (G2 melts when G1 boil);…
1. Why are Group 1 elements called "al…
Their hydroxides are strongly basic (alkaline) when dissolved…
2. Why are Group 2 elements called "al…
Their oxides gave basic solution and they have such high melt…
15 terms
Inorganic Chem 9&10
Bonds
Strengths of Bonds
Ionic Bond
Coulombs Law
forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
can be determined by "bond energy"
2 things occur 1) transfer of electrons 2) attraction between…
tells us the energy involved in the attraction in the Ionic B…
Bonds
forces that hold groups of atoms together and make them funct…
Strengths of Bonds
can be determined by "bond energy"
14 terms
Inorganic Ch. 10
Explain why hydrogen gas is comparativ…
Is the reaction of dihydrogen with din…
Write chemical equations for the react…
Write chemical equations for the react…
Hydrogen gas (H2) is not very reactive because of the high H-…
The reaction between dihydrogen and dinitrogen is slightly ex…
(a) WO3 + 3H2 → W + 3H2O ... (b) H2 + Cl2 → 2HCl ... (c) 2Al + 6HCl…
a) 2KHCO3 + heat → K2CO3 + CO2 + H2O ... (b) 3H2 + C2H2 → C2H6 (…
Explain why hydrogen gas is comparativ…
Hydrogen gas (H2) is not very reactive because of the high H-…
Is the reaction of dihydrogen with din…
The reaction between dihydrogen and dinitrogen is slightly ex…
15 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Chapter 2 Vocab
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Model
Theory
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Testable statement
More than a physical object; it is often an explanation of ho…
A broad generalization that explains a body of facts or pheno…
Scientific Method
A logical approach to solving problems by observing and colle…
Hypothesis
Testable statement
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