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Study sets matching "inorganic ions"

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Study sets matching "inorganic ions"

34 terms
Inorganic ions
Colour of [Co(H₂O)₆]²⁺
Colour of [Cu(H₂O)₆]²⁺
Colour of [Fe(H₂O)₆]²⁺
Colour of [Fe(H₂O)₆]³⁺
Pink
Blue
Green
Yellow
Colour of [Co(H₂O)₆]²⁺
Pink
Colour of [Cu(H₂O)₆]²⁺
Blue
10 terms
Inorganic Ions
Calcium
Sodium
Potassium
Hydrogen
-Increase ridgity of bones, teeth , cartilage, exoskeleton... -C…
-Regulation of osmotic pressure... -Control water levels in body…
-control H2O levels in body & pH... -Transport of minerals in ce…
-Photosynthesis & respiration... -Transport of O and CO2 in bloo…
Calcium
-Increase ridgity of bones, teeth , cartilage, exoskeleton... -C…
Sodium
-Regulation of osmotic pressure... -Control water levels in body…
7 terms
Inorganic Ions
Cation
Anion
Inorganic Ion
Iron ions
Ion with a positive charge
Ion with a negative charge
Doesn't contain carbon
Important part of haemoglobin
Cation
Ion with a positive charge
Anion
Ion with a negative charge
15 terms
Inorganic ions
an ion which does not contain carbon
it's properties
hydrogen ions
conc of hydrogen ions
what is an inorganic ion?
what determines an ions specific role?
ions based on PH
pH is
an ion which does not contain carbon
what is an inorganic ion?
it's properties
what determines an ions specific role?
Inorganic ions
Bicarbonated ions
Calcium ions
Chloride ions
Hydrogen ions
HCO3- helps maintain acid-base balance
CA +2- necessary for bone development muscle contraction in b…
CI- helps maintain water balance
H+ pH of internal environments
Bicarbonated ions
HCO3- helps maintain acid-base balance
Calcium ions
CA +2- necessary for bone development muscle contraction in b…
12 terms
inorganic ions
Cations
Anions
Calcium [Ca2+]
Sodium [Na+]
Possitively charged atoms.
Negative charged atoms.
Nerve impulse transmission, also controls muscle contractions
Nerve impulse transmittion, also involved in kidney function
Cations
Possitively charged atoms.
Anions
Negative charged atoms.
10 terms
Inorganic Ions
Calcium
Sodium
Potassium
Hydrogen
Bone structure
Water Reabsorption
Stomata opening
Hydrogen bonds
Calcium
Bone structure
Sodium
Water Reabsorption
10 terms
Inorganic Ions
Ca 2+
Na +
K +
H +
Used in transmission of nerve impulses and release of insulin…
Generates nerve impulses and regulates fluid balance
Activates enzymes needed for photosynthesis as well as regula…
Lowers the pH and is used for photosynthesis and respiration…
Ca 2+
Used in transmission of nerve impulses and release of insulin…
Na +
Generates nerve impulses and regulates fluid balance
11 terms
Inorganic ions
Cations
Calcium
Sodium
Potassium
An ion with a positive charge
Involved in the transmission of nerve impulses & the release…
Important for generating nerve impulses, for muscle contracti…
Important for generating nerve impulses, for muscle contracti…
Cations
An ion with a positive charge
Calcium
Involved in the transmission of nerve impulses & the release…
8 terms
Inorganic ions
Inorganic
Organic
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
a molecule or an ion that has no more than one carbon atom
molecules that have a high proportion of carbon atoms
Ions needed on small amounts
Ions needed in minute concentrations
Inorganic
a molecule or an ion that has no more than one carbon atom
Organic
molecules that have a high proportion of carbon atoms
8 terms
Inorganic Ions
NO3^- (Nitrate)
PO4^3- (Phosphate)
Cl^- (Chloride)
HCO3^- (Hydrogen Carbonate)
Used in plants to form amino acids/DNA
Forms ATP/ADP/DNA/RNA
Nerve impulses/Secretory systems
Prevents blood from becoming too acidic
NO3^- (Nitrate)
Used in plants to form amino acids/DNA
PO4^3- (Phosphate)
Forms ATP/ADP/DNA/RNA
14 terms
Inorganic Ions
Hydrogen
Ammonium
Calcium
Magnesium
H+
NH4+
Ca+2
Mg+2
Hydrogen
H+
Ammonium
NH4+
15 terms
Inorganic Ions
Inorganic ions
Cation
Anion
Canions
Doesn't contain carbon; have an electric charge; important in…
Ion with a positive charge.
Ion with a negative charge.
Calcium; Sodium; Potassium; Hydrogen and Ammonium.
Inorganic ions
Doesn't contain carbon; have an electric charge; important in…
Cation
Ion with a positive charge.
57 terms
Inorganic ions
acronym for cations
cations
potassium acronym
claim acronym
potassium can't stop adoring hydrogen
potassium, calcium, sodium, ammonium, hydrogen
sal hmv
rb camp
acronym for cations
potassium can't stop adoring hydrogen
cations
potassium, calcium, sodium, ammonium, hydrogen
9 terms
Inorganic ions
Anion
Cation
Inorganic
Properties of inorganic ions
Atoms that have gained electrons have a negative charge
Atoms that have lost electrons have a positive charge
Has no hydrocarbon group
They dissolve in water ... Found in the cytoplasm of cells and b…
Anion
Atoms that have gained electrons have a negative charge
Cation
Atoms that have lost electrons have a positive charge
11 terms
Inorganic ions.
Calcium ions Ca2+
Sodium ions Na+
Potassium ions K+
Hydrogen ions H+
Most abundant in the body. Cation. 1.5% total bodyweight. 99%…
Main cations in extracellular fluids. Used to affect osmosis…
Contribute to nerve impulse transmission and muscle contracti…
Affect pH. Have a role in respiration and photosynthesis. Cat…
Calcium ions Ca2+
Most abundant in the body. Cation. 1.5% total bodyweight. 99%…
Sodium ions Na+
Main cations in extracellular fluids. Used to affect osmosis…
11 terms
Inorganic Ions
Ca 2+
Na+
K+
H+
-Rigidity of bones and teeth... -Muscle Contraction
-Active Transport ... -Muscle Contraction
-Active Transport... -Muscle Contraction
-Transport of CO2 and O2 in blood... - Maintenance of pH in Blood
Ca 2+
-Rigidity of bones and teeth... -Muscle Contraction
Na+
-Active Transport ... -Muscle Contraction
10 terms
Inorganic ions
Calcium (Ca2+)
Sodium (Na+)
Potassium (K+)
Hydrogen (H+)
Involved in transmission of nerve impulses and the release of…
Important for generating nerve impulses, for muscle contracti…
Important for generating nerve impulses, for muscle contracti…
Affects pH of substances. Important for photosynthesis reacti…
Calcium (Ca2+)
Involved in transmission of nerve impulses and the release of…
Sodium (Na+)
Important for generating nerve impulses, for muscle contracti…
10 terms
inorganic ions
calcium
sodium
potassium
hydrogen
nerve impulses, insulin, cofactor for blood clotting, bone fo…
generating nerve impulses, muscle contraction, regulating flu…
generating nerve impulses, muscle contraction, regulating flu…
affects pH, photosynthesis
calcium
nerve impulses, insulin, cofactor for blood clotting, bone fo…
sodium
generating nerve impulses, muscle contraction, regulating flu…
13 terms
Inorganic ions
inorganic
cation
anion
calcium ions... symbol+biological process
An ion which does not contain carbon
an ion with a positive charge
an ion with a negative charge
Ca 2+... Transmission of nerve impulses... Releases insulin from th…
inorganic
An ion which does not contain carbon
cation
an ion with a positive charge
10 terms
Inorganic ions
Calcium
Sodium
Potassium
Hydrogen
Ca2+
Na+
K+
H+
Calcium
Ca2+
Sodium
Na+
8 terms
Inorganic ions
Nitrate ions (NO3´)
Phosphate ions. (PO4´)
Chloride ions (cl´)
Hydrogen carbonate ions (HCO3 ´)
Needed in plants for the formation of amino acids and therefo…
Needed in all living organisms including plants and animals i…
Needed in nerve impulses, sweating and many secretory systems.
Needed for buffering the blood to prevent it from becoming to…
Nitrate ions (NO3´)
Needed in plants for the formation of amino acids and therefo…
Phosphate ions. (PO4´)
Needed in all living organisms including plants and animals i…
10 terms
Inorganic ions
Calcium Ca2+
Sodium Na+
Potassium K+
Hydrogen H+
involved in the transmission of nerve impulses and the releas…
important for generating nerve impulses, for muscle contracti…
important for generating nerve impulses, muscle contraction a…
affects the pH of substances (more H+ ions than OH- ions in a…
Calcium Ca2+
involved in the transmission of nerve impulses and the releas…
Sodium Na+
important for generating nerve impulses, for muscle contracti…
17 terms
Inorganic ions
An atom or group of atoms that has an…
Glucose and amino acids
One which doesn't contain carbon and i…
They help to transport glucose and ami…
What is an ion?
Give examples of molecules which can't cross the cell membran…
What is an inorganic ion?
What is the function of sodium?
An atom or group of atoms that has an…
What is an ion?
Glucose and amino acids
Give examples of molecules which can't cross the cell membran…
39 terms
Inorganic Ions
Calcium
Charge of Ca
Sodium
Charge of Na
Bone formation, transmission of nerve impulses, acts as a cof…
2+
Generating nerve impulses, muscle contraction, regulating flu…
+
Calcium
Bone formation, transmission of nerve impulses, acts as a cof…
Charge of Ca
2+
12 terms
Inorganic Ions
Cofactor
Cations
Anions
Calcium
A non protein chemical compound that is jeeded for the protei…
Poatively charged ions
Negatively charged ions
•Ca2+... •involved in transmission of nerve impulses ... •release o…
Cofactor
A non protein chemical compound that is jeeded for the protei…
Cations
Poatively charged ions
40 terms
Inorganic ions
Calcium
Calcium
Calcium
Calcium
Increases bone, teeth and cartilage rigidity
Involved in blood clotting
Stimulates muscle contraction
Regulates cell wall permeability
Calcium
Increases bone, teeth and cartilage rigidity
Calcium
Involved in blood clotting
10 terms
Inorganic Ions
Calcium (6)
Sodium (5)
Potassium (8)
hydrogen (4)
rigidity, blood clotting, muscle contraction, regulates... nerve…
regulation of osmotic pressure, affects carb absorption, nerv…
maintains pH, assists active transport, synthesis of proteins…
photosythesis, respiration, transport of O2 and CO2 in blood,…
Calcium (6)
rigidity, blood clotting, muscle contraction, regulates... nerve…
Sodium (5)
regulation of osmotic pressure, affects carb absorption, nerv…
9 terms
inorganic ions
calcium
hydrogen
oxygen
nitrogen
key element of all organic compounds (proteins, lipids, carbo…
highly combustible in molecular form. most abundant element (…
required for burning reactant in cell respiration; product in…
most abundant gas in our atmosphere . key element in proteins…
calcium
key element of all organic compounds (proteins, lipids, carbo…
hydrogen
highly combustible in molecular form. most abundant element (…
11 terms
Inorganic ions
Cations - Calcium - Ca 2+
Cations - Sodium - Na+
Cations - Potassium - K+
Increases rigidity of bones teeth and cartilage... Important in…
Involved in control of water levels in body fluid and mainten…
Involved in the control of water levels in body fluid and mai…
Cations - Calcium - Ca 2+
Increases rigidity of bones teeth and cartilage... Important in…
Cations - Sodium - Na+
Involved in control of water levels in body fluid and mainten…
10 terms
Inorganic ions
Calcium
Sodium
Potassium
Hydrogen
Makes bone and tissue rigid... Blood clot... Contracts protein... Acti…
Regulates pH... Absorbs carbs in intestine... Absorbs h2o in kidney…
Controls h20 in body... Helps active transport in cell membrane…
Photosynthesis and respiration... Regulates ph
Calcium
Makes bone and tissue rigid... Blood clot... Contracts protein... Acti…
Sodium
Regulates pH... Absorbs carbs in intestine... Absorbs h2o in kidney…
10 terms
Inorganic ions
Calcium (Ca*2+)
Sodium (Na+)
Potassium (K+)
Hydrogen (H+)
-Transmission of nerve impulses ... -Release of insulin from the…
-Generating nerve impulses for muscle contraction... -Regulating…
-Generating nerve impulses for muscle contraction... -Regulating…
-Affects the pH of a substance... -Important for photosynthesis…
Calcium (Ca*2+)
-Transmission of nerve impulses ... -Release of insulin from the…
Sodium (Na+)
-Generating nerve impulses for muscle contraction... -Regulating…
10 terms
Inorganic ions
Ca2+
Na+
K+
H+
Transmission of nerve impulses - release of insulin - cofactor
Generating nerve impulses for muscles contraction- reg fluid…
Generating nerve impulses for muscle contract - reg fluidity…
Affects pH of a substance, more H+ than OH- = acid ... Important…
Ca2+
Transmission of nerve impulses - release of insulin - cofactor
Na+
Generating nerve impulses for muscles contraction- reg fluid…
8 terms
Inorganic ions
ion
cation
anion
no carbon
an atom that has an electric charge
ion with a positive charge
ion with a negative charge
inorganic ion
ion
an atom that has an electric charge
cation
ion with a positive charge
9 terms
Inorganic Ions
bicarbonate ions
calcium ions
carbonate ions
chloride ions
buffer system, crucial for acid base balance
bone development, muscle contraction and blood clotting
component of bone tissue along with calcium
helps maintain water balance
bicarbonate ions
buffer system, crucial for acid base balance
calcium ions
bone development, muscle contraction and blood clotting
10 terms
inorganic ions
Calcium Ca2+
Sodium Na+
Potassium K+
Hydrogen H+
transmission of nerve impulses, release insulin from pancreas…
nerve impulses, muscle contraction, regulating fluid balance
nerve impulses, muscle contraction, regulating fluid balance,…
affects pH of substance, more H+ than OH-=acid, photosynthesi…
Calcium Ca2+
transmission of nerve impulses, release insulin from pancreas…
Sodium Na+
nerve impulses, muscle contraction, regulating fluid balance
10 terms
inorganic ions
calcium (Ca2+)
Sodium (Na+)
Potassium (K+)
Hydrogen (H+)
Involved in transmission of nerve impulses and release of ins…
Important for generating nerve impulses for muscle contraction
Important for generating nerve impulses for muscle contractio…
Acts as a buffer as it affects the PH of substances - more ac…
calcium (Ca2+)
Involved in transmission of nerve impulses and release of ins…
Sodium (Na+)
Important for generating nerve impulses for muscle contraction
11 terms
Inorganic ions
What are 5 the cations (positive ions)…
What are 5 the anions (negative ions)…
Role of Calcium in biological process
Role of sodium in biological process
Calcium, sodium, Potassium, Hydrogen and Ammonium
Nitrate, Hydrogencarbonate, chloride, phosphate, hydroxide
Tranmsission of nerve impulses and release of insulin from pa…
involved in generating nerve impulses, muscle contraction and…
What are 5 the cations (positive ions)…
Calcium, sodium, Potassium, Hydrogen and Ammonium
What are 5 the anions (negative ions)…
Nitrate, Hydrogencarbonate, chloride, phosphate, hydroxide
10 terms
inorganic ions
nitrate, NO3-
hydrogen carbonate, HCO3-
chloride, Cl-
phosphate, PO43-
absorbed from soil by plants, important source of nitrogen
acts as a buffer, helps to maintain pH of blood
involved in the chloride shift, helps maintain pH of blood du…
involved in photosynthesis and respiration reactions, needed…
nitrate, NO3-
absorbed from soil by plants, important source of nitrogen
hydrogen carbonate, HCO3-
acts as a buffer, helps to maintain pH of blood
16 terms
Inorganic Ions
What are inorganic ions essential for?
Function of Calcium.
Function of Sodium.
Function of Potassium.
Muscle contraction, skeletal structures, and maintaining the…
Increases rigidity of bone, teeth and cartilage.... Important in…
Regulation of osmotic pressure, control of water levels in bo…
Involved in control of water levels in body fluid and mainten…
What are inorganic ions essential for?
Muscle contraction, skeletal structures, and maintaining the…
Function of Calcium.
Increases rigidity of bone, teeth and cartilage.... Important in…
15 terms
Inorganic Ions
An ion is an atom that has
An ion with a positive charge is called
An ion with a negative charge is called
An inorganic ion doesn't contain
An electric charge
A cation
An anion
Carbon
An ion is an atom that has
An electric charge
An ion with a positive charge is called
A cation
8 terms
inorganic ions
what is an ion?
what is an ion with a positive charge…
what is an ion with a negative charge…
what is an inorganic ion?
an atom that has an electric charge
cation
anion
an ion that doesn't contain carbon
what is an ion?
an atom that has an electric charge
what is an ion with a positive charge…
cation
14 terms
Inorganic Ions
What is an ion?
What is a cation?
What is an anion?
What is an inorganic ion?
An atom, or group of atoms, that has an electric charge.
An ion with a positive charge.
An ion with a negative charge.
One which doesn't contain carbon.
What is an ion?
An atom, or group of atoms, that has an electric charge.
What is a cation?
An ion with a positive charge.
10 terms
Inorganic Ions
What is a constituent of chlorophyll?
Lack of magnesium in plants can lead t…
What do mammals need magnesium for?
What is a constituent of haemoglobin?
Magnesium
Chlorosis
Bones
Iron
What is a constituent of chlorophyll?
Magnesium
Lack of magnesium in plants can lead t…
Chlorosis
19 terms
Inorganic Ions
What is an inorganic ion?
Where are inorganic ions found in solu…
What determines whether an ion is foun…
What is haemoglobin?
Doesn't contain carbon
In the cytoplasm of cells... In the bodily fluid of organisms
The role of the ion, which depends on its properties.
Large protein that carry oxygen around the body in red blood…
What is an inorganic ion?
Doesn't contain carbon
Where are inorganic ions found in solu…
In the cytoplasm of cells... In the bodily fluid of organisms
10 terms
Inorganic ions
What is the function of calcium ions?
What is the function of sodium ions?
What is the function of potassium ions?
What is the function of hydrogen ions?
Transmission of nerve impulses, release of insulin from the p…
Generates nerve I pulses, for muscle contraction, to regulate…
Generating nerve impulses, for muscle contraction and for reg…
Affects pH of substances. Important for photosynthesis reacti…
What is the function of calcium ions?
Transmission of nerve impulses, release of insulin from the p…
What is the function of sodium ions?
Generates nerve I pulses, for muscle contraction, to regulate…
19 terms
Inorganic Ions
What is an inorganic ion?
Where are inorganic ions found in solu…
What determines whether an ion is foun…
What is haemoglobin?
Doesn't contain carbon
In the cytoplasm of cells... In the bodily fluid of organisms
The role of the ion, which depends on its properties.
Large protein that carry oxygen around the body in red blood…
What is an inorganic ion?
Doesn't contain carbon
Where are inorganic ions found in solu…
In the cytoplasm of cells... In the bodily fluid of organisms
19 terms
Inorganic ions
Other names for inorganic ions?
What cellular processes are inorganic…
What are the two groups of inorganic i…
What is an organic molecule?
Electrolytes and minerals
•muscle contraction... •nervous coordination... •maintaining osmoti…
•macronutrients ... •micronutrients
A molecule that has a high proportion of carbon atoms.
Other names for inorganic ions?
Electrolytes and minerals
What cellular processes are inorganic…
•muscle contraction... •nervous coordination... •maintaining osmoti…
12 terms
Inorganic ions
How much of a cell is water?
Why are most ionic substances positive…
Anions
Nitrate ions
60-70%
The ions separate when they dissolve
Negative ions
NO3 - needed for amino acids, used in DNA synthesis and in ph…
How much of a cell is water?
60-70%
Why are most ionic substances positive…
The ions separate when they dissolve
14 terms
Inorganic ions
Name the cations
Name the cation symbols
Name the anions
Name the anions symbols
Calcium... Sodium... Potassium... Hydrogen... Ammonium
Ca 2+... Na +... K +... H +... NH4 +
Nitrate... Hydrogen carbonate... Chloride... Phosphate... Hydroxide
NO3 -... HCO3 -... Cl-... PO4 3-... OH-
Name the cations
Calcium... Sodium... Potassium... Hydrogen... Ammonium
Name the cation symbols
Ca 2+... Na +... K +... H +... NH4 +
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