Study sets matching "inorganic"

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Study sets matching "inorganic"

Inorganic
Ionization isomerism
Hydrate isomerism:
Coordination isomerism:
Isomerism, Td geometry
the position of the ligands and the counter ions in outer... sph…
special case of ionization isomerism:
two ionic complexes exchange their ligands
All the positions equivalent, only... optical isomerism:
Ionization isomerism
the position of the ligands and the counter ions in outer... sph…
Hydrate isomerism:
special case of ionization isomerism:
19 terms
Inorganic
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Nucleons
Mass(g): 1.673 * 10^-24... Mass(amu): 1.007... Magnetic Spin: +/- 1/2
Mass(g): 1.675 * 10^-24... Mass(amu): 1.008... Magnetic Spin: +/- 1/2
Mass(g): 9.110 * 10^-28... Mass(amu): 0.0001... Magnetic Spin: +/-…
Protons and Neutrons are collectively known as _____.
Proton
Mass(g): 1.673 * 10^-24... Mass(amu): 1.007... Magnetic Spin: +/- 1/2
Neutron
Mass(g): 1.675 * 10^-24... Mass(amu): 1.008... Magnetic Spin: +/- 1/2
15 terms
inorganic
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
lattice
crystal structure
highly ordered, infinite lattice.
non-crystalline structure. lacks long range order.
A 3D array of lattice points, surrounded by identically order…
assigning a molecule/atom/building block to each lattice point.
crystalline solid
highly ordered, infinite lattice.
amorphous solid
non-crystalline structure. lacks long range order.
inorganic
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
lattice
crystal structure
highly ordered, infinite lattice.
non-crystalline structure. lacks long range order.
A 3D array of lattice points, surrounded by identically order…
assigning a molecule/atom/building block to each lattice point.
crystalline solid
highly ordered, infinite lattice.
amorphous solid
non-crystalline structure. lacks long range order.
19 terms
Inorganic
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Nucleons
Mass(g): 1.673 * 10^-24... Mass(amu): 1.007... Magnetic Spin: +/- 1/2
Mass(g): 1.675 * 10^-24... Mass(amu): 1.008... Magnetic Spin: +/- 1/2
Mass(g): 9.110 * 10^-28... Mass(amu): 0.0001... Magnetic Spin: +/-…
Protons and Neutrons are collectively known as _____.
Proton
Mass(g): 1.673 * 10^-24... Mass(amu): 1.007... Magnetic Spin: +/- 1/2
Neutron
Mass(g): 1.675 * 10^-24... Mass(amu): 1.008... Magnetic Spin: +/- 1/2
inorganic
Mn
Fe
Cu
Na, K
photosynthesis... O2 production
e- transfer... O2 binding/transport... Respiration... Detoxing... N2 fixa…
e- transfer... O2 binding/transport... O2 respiration... O atom transf…
electrolytes... structure... nerves& muscles
Mn
photosynthesis... O2 production
Fe
e- transfer... O2 binding/transport... Respiration... Detoxing... N2 fixa…
8 terms
inorganic
H2O
O2
O3
CO2
water
oxygen
ozone
carbon dioxide
H2O
water
O2
oxygen
29 terms
Inorganic
Wavefunction
R(r) the radial part
Y(θ,ϕ) the angular part
L=0... L=1... L=2... L=3
Ψ(r,θ,ϕ)=R(r).Y(θ,ϕ)... Y- angular wave function, changes corre…
depends on the radial distance between the nucleus and the el…
depends on the direction or orientation but not on distance.…
s orbital... p orbital... d orbital... f orbital... order is s<p<d<f
Wavefunction
Ψ(r,θ,ϕ)=R(r).Y(θ,ϕ)... Y- angular wave function, changes corre…
R(r) the radial part
depends on the radial distance between the nucleus and the el…
13 terms
Inorganic
Simple Cubic
Body Centered Cubic
Cubic Close Packed
Face Centered Cubic
CN=6
CN=8
CN=12
CN=12
Simple Cubic
CN=6
Body Centered Cubic
CN=8
Inorganic
Transition Metals
Bipy
terpy
en
- variable oxidation states... - lustre, malleable, conductivity…
2,2-dipyridyl
terpyridine
ethylenediammine
Transition Metals
- variable oxidation states... - lustre, malleable, conductivity…
Bipy
2,2-dipyridyl
10 terms
inorganic
inorganic
crystal
element
compound
the mineral cannot arise from materials that were one part of…
the repeating pattern of a mineral's particles forms a solid.
a substance composed of a single kind of atom.
tow or more elements are combined so that the elements no lon…
inorganic
the mineral cannot arise from materials that were one part of…
crystal
the repeating pattern of a mineral's particles forms a solid.
Inorganic
Inorganic substances
Water
Water
Water
Water,oxygen, carbon dioxide, salts
Most abundant compound in living material
A medium in which most biochemical reactions occur
Transport chemical
Inorganic substances
Water,oxygen, carbon dioxide, salts
Water
Most abundant compound in living material
8 terms
inorganic
red
orange
yellow
green
strontium compounds
calcium compounds
sodium compounds... calcium + barium
barium or boron compounds
red
strontium compounds
orange
calcium compounds
18 terms
Inorganic
Chemistry
Element
Atom
Compound
Study of different elements and how they react to one another
A substance made out of one kind of atom
Smallest unit of an Element before it starts losing its chara…
Two or more elements bonded to each other
Chemistry
Study of different elements and how they react to one another
Element
A substance made out of one kind of atom
inorganic
under normal conditions of temperature…
the particles that make up ionic compo…
the particles that make up ionic compo…
unlike most molecular compounds ____ a…
crystalline ... gases, liquids and low melting solids
covalent bonds
ionic bonds
acids and weak bases
under normal conditions of temperature…
crystalline ... gases, liquids and low melting solids
the particles that make up ionic compo…
covalent bonds
70 terms
Inorganic
Lighter elements go to 56-Fe by
Heavier elements go to 56-Fe by
carbon dating equation
Percent original K-40/Ar-40 = .101
Fusion
Fission
r= A/Ai = e^-.693t/t1/2
.101/(.101+1) (remaining K plus all of the Ar that was initia…
Lighter elements go to 56-Fe by
Fusion
Heavier elements go to 56-Fe by
Fission
Inorganic #
solid state chemistry
network solid
unit cell
cubic and hexagonal
concerned with the synthesis, structure, properties, and appl…
crystal in which all the atoms are covalently bonded to each…
the smallest group of particles within a crystal that retains…
Types of close packing
solid state chemistry
concerned with the synthesis, structure, properties, and appl…
network solid
crystal in which all the atoms are covalently bonded to each…
11 terms
Inorganic
NaCl
H2O
N2O
NO
Sodium Chloride
Water (dihydrogen monoxide)
Nitrous oxide
Nitric oxide, nitrogen monoxide
NaCl
Sodium Chloride
H2O
Water (dihydrogen monoxide)
30 terms
Inorganic
Skracac
Karta
Wzor chemiczny
Zwiazek
Abbreviate
Chart
Chemical formula
Compound
Skracac
Abbreviate
Karta
Chart
Inorganic
number of nodes
number of angular nodes
number of radial nodes
rock salt
n - 1
l
n - l - 1
cubic; all octahedral holes filled
number of nodes
n - 1
number of angular nodes
l
27 terms
inorganic
inorganic
carbon
Monomer
polymer
water, vitamins & materials are all ex of this kind of compound
element is in all organic compound & life form
one unit of something
two or more units of something
inorganic
water, vitamins & materials are all ex of this kind of compound
carbon
element is in all organic compound & life form
80 terms
Inorganic
E+
E-
Haa
Hab (for De)
(Haa + Hab)/(1+S12)
(Haa - Hab)/(1-S12)
-13.6 eV
KS12(Haa)
E+
(Haa + Hab)/(1+S12)
E-
(Haa - Hab)/(1-S12)
9 terms
Inorganic
inorganic chemistry
Ionic bonds
What produces ions?
Covalent bonds
the branch of chemistry concerned with the elements and all t…
from when electrons are transferred from atoms
ionic bonds
form when atoms share electrons
inorganic chemistry
the branch of chemistry concerned with the elements and all t…
Ionic bonds
from when electrons are transferred from atoms
Inorganic
Equation for bond order
Greater bond order means..?
Lower bond order means..?
Paramagnetic?
=1/2 x (bonded electrons - antibonded electrons)
More stable molecule
More unstable molecule
Contains 1 or more unpaired electrons
Equation for bond order
=1/2 x (bonded electrons - antibonded electrons)
Greater bond order means..?
More stable molecule
17 terms
Inorganic
n+1 (M)
n+2 (M)
n+3 (M)
n+4 (M)
closo
nido
arachno
hypho
n+1 (M)
closo
n+2 (M)
nido
Inorganic
shielding
Rydberg Formula
principle quantum number
Pauli Exclusion Principle
when electrons partially block nuclear charge from an electro…
Used to describe the energy of a photon emitted when an elect…
(n) describes the energy level of an electron
No more than two electrons may occupy a single orbital and, i…
shielding
when electrons partially block nuclear charge from an electro…
Rydberg Formula
Used to describe the energy of a photon emitted when an elect…
42 terms
Inorganic
Product: 2 HM
Product: 2 MX
Product: 2 MOH + H2
Product: Li2O
2 M + H2 --->
2 M + X2 --->
2 M + 2 H2O --->
2 Li + 0.5 O2 --->
Product: 2 HM
2 M + H2 --->
Product: 2 MX
2 M + X2 --->
15 terms
Inorganic
Auto
Bi
Calo
Co
Self
Two
Heat
With
Auto
Self
Bi
Two
Inorganic
1 H
2 He
3 Li
4 Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
1 H
Hydrogen
2 He
Helium
11 terms
Inorganic
wave properties
Schrodingers wave equation
paramagnetic
diamagnetic
only works for one electron, can't take wave properties into…
treated an electron like a wave not a particle
drawn to a magnetic field (radical)
repelled by magnetic field
wave properties
only works for one electron, can't take wave properties into…
Schrodingers wave equation
treated an electron like a wave not a particle
Inorganic
Acid
Displacement
Disproportionate
Flame test
A species capable of donating an H+ ion to another species
A reaction in which an element is displaced out of a compound…
A reaction in which the same element is both oxidised and red…
A test for the presence of a metal depending on the colour of…
Acid
A species capable of donating an H+ ion to another species
Displacement
A reaction in which an element is displaced out of a compound…
Inorganic
Acid
Anhydrous
Anion
Atomic Number (Z)
A Species That Releases ... H+ Ion In Aqueous Solutions
Containing No Water Molecules
A Negatively Charged Ion With More Electrons Than Protons
The Number Of Protons In The Nucleus Of An Atom
Acid
A Species That Releases ... H+ Ion In Aqueous Solutions
Anhydrous
Containing No Water Molecules
35 terms
Inorganic
Relative atomic mass
Relative molecular mass
Relative isotopic mass
Mole
Weighted mean mass of one atom of an element compared with on…
Weighted mean mass of a compound compared with one twelfth of…
Weighted mean mass of an isotopic atom compared with one twel…
Mass of substance that has the same number of particles as th…
Relative atomic mass
Weighted mean mass of one atom of an element compared with on…
Relative molecular mass
Weighted mean mass of a compound compared with one twelfth of…
65 terms
Inorganic
D block element
Transition element
Sc and Zn
Cr and Cu
Element with its outermost electrons in the d sub shell
Elements in the d block which form at least one stable ion wi…
D block elements which aren't transition metals due to full/e…
Exceptions of the 4s2 rule, which have 4s1 filled for increas…
D block element
Element with its outermost electrons in the d sub shell
Transition element
Elements in the d block which form at least one stable ion wi…
20 terms
Inorganic
Chlorine with sodium hydroxide
Why is HClO used to purify water
Bleach
Chlorine reacts with water no sunlight
Cl2 + 2NaOH (cold, dilute) -> NaClO + NaCl + H2O
ClO- ions kill bacteria
NaClO
Cl2 + H2O -> HClO + HCl
Chlorine with sodium hydroxide
Cl2 + 2NaOH (cold, dilute) -> NaClO + NaCl + H2O
Why is HClO used to purify water
ClO- ions kill bacteria
20 terms
Inorganic
The unit cell with the following cell…
The effective number of tetrahedral an…
The first order Bragg reflection for S…
Which of the following statements abou…
D
E
A
D
The unit cell with the following cell…
D
The effective number of tetrahedral an…
E
Inorganics
Trace analysis
Neutron activation analysis
Atomic absorption
Emission spectroscopy
To analyze a sample for very low concentrations (used for met…
-non destructive... -most sensitive ... -very expensive... -need nucle…
-can only determine one element at a time ... -destructive
-Light emitted from a source is separated by frequencies ... -co…
Trace analysis
To analyze a sample for very low concentrations (used for met…
Neutron activation analysis
-non destructive... -most sensitive ... -very expensive... -need nucle…
inorganics
transition metals can have...(4 points)
define a transition metal
what elements in the transition block…
trends of calcium vs the transition me…
variety of oxidation states, can form coloured compounds, can…
has a partially filled d orbital in one of its common oxidati…
Sc and Zn... Sc when in its oxidation state loses its 3 outer el…
the melting point of calcium is lower than transition element…
transition metals can have...(4 points)
variety of oxidation states, can form coloured compounds, can…
define a transition metal
has a partially filled d orbital in one of its common oxidati…
10 terms
Inorganics
How frequently should dilute metal sta…
If oxidizing agents are not removed be…
A 1-L sample of process water known to…
Holding time for a properly preserved…
Every analytical run... Dilute metal solutions are prone to pla…
Chlorine
Ascorbic acid
14 days
How frequently should dilute metal sta…
Every analytical run... Dilute metal solutions are prone to pla…
If oxidizing agents are not removed be…
Chlorine
Inorganic Chemistry
Atom
Element
Matter
Proton
The smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an…
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
A subatomic particle with a single unit of positive electric…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
8 terms
Inorganic Chemistry
Water
hydrolysis
acids
bases
essential to life!
water causes breakdown of large molecules in into small molec…
compounds that cause excess H+ ions
compounds that cause excess OH- ions
Water
essential to life!
hydrolysis
water causes breakdown of large molecules in into small molec…
26 terms
Inorganic Vocab
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Law of Combining Volumes
Avogadro's Hypthosis
the volume of a fixed quantity of gas maintained at constant…
The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pr…
At a given pressure and temperature, the volumes of gases tha…
Equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure c…
Boyle's Law
the volume of a fixed quantity of gas maintained at constant…
Charles's Law
The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant pr…
68 terms
Inorganic Final
Coordination compound
Coordinate-covalent bond
Coordination number
Coordination sphere
Compounds in which a small number of molecules or ions called…
Ligand bond in which both the electrons come from one atom
Number of ligands around a given metal atom or ion.
Refers to ligands with the metal
Coordination compound
Compounds in which a small number of molecules or ions called…
Coordinate-covalent bond
Ligand bond in which both the electrons come from one atom
19 terms
Inorganic Definitions
Basic Elements of Science
Hypothesis
Theory (scientific)
Theory (public)
1) Characterization - Observations and Measurements... 2) Hypoth…
A proposed explanation for a phenomenon, which can be experim…
Established and experimentally verified collection of facts.…
A hunch or guess
Basic Elements of Science
1) Characterization - Observations and Measurements... 2) Hypoth…
Hypothesis
A proposed explanation for a phenomenon, which can be experim…
170 terms
Inorganic Chemistry
Various Isotopes of Hydrogen
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass Number
Atomic Weight
Atoms of the same element have the same atomic number (Z= 1),…
- Number of Protons... - Number of Protons = Number of Electrons…
- Protons + Neutrons... - Electrons are not included in mass cal…
Weighted average of the naturally occurring isotopes of an el…
Various Isotopes of Hydrogen
Atoms of the same element have the same atomic number (Z= 1),…
Atomic Number
- Number of Protons... - Number of Protons = Number of Electrons…
Inorganic chemistry
Equilibrium principles
When does gas deviate from ideal
predicting ion charges
avogardo's law
Increase in pressure, decrease in volume--equilibrium will sh…
When pressure is high and temp is low use the equation (P+n2a…
valence electrons: the shell with the largest n value... element…
the pressure and temperature is the same for everything, the…
Equilibrium principles
Increase in pressure, decrease in volume--equilibrium will sh…
When does gas deviate from ideal
When pressure is high and temp is low use the equation (P+n2a…
62 terms
Inorganic Exam I
For which elements do you flip the out…
isoelectronic
electronic shapes when there are ___ a…
electronic and molecular shape:... 2 bond…
B, C, and N
having the same electron configuration... Two different elements…
- linear... - trigonal planar... - tetrahedral... - trigonal bypyramid…
-linear... -linear
For which elements do you flip the out…
B, C, and N
isoelectronic
having the same electron configuration... Two different elements…
Inorganic Final
4 Quantum Numbers
principle quantum number
angular momentum quantum number
magnetic quantum number
n - the principle quantum number... l - angular momentum... ml =…
*n... *n= 1,2,3,4,..... ... *En = -2pi²me⁴/n²h²
*l... *l has to be less than n. ... * l= 0 → s... l= 1 → p... l= 2…
*ml... *ml = -l→+l... *represent the individual orbitals(p orbita…
4 Quantum Numbers
n - the principle quantum number... l - angular momentum... ml =…
principle quantum number
*n... *n= 1,2,3,4,..... ... *En = -2pi²me⁴/n²h²
12 terms
Inorganic terms
Bipy
terpy
en
ox
2,2-dipyridyl
terpyridine
ethylenediammine
oxolato... (C2O4) 2-
Bipy
2,2-dipyridyl
terpy
terpyridine
11 terms
Inorganic Carbon
Carbon
Diamond
Graphite
Fullerene
The chemical element of atomic number 6, a nonmetal that has…
A crystalline form of carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
Form of carbon in which each carbon atom is bonded in flat la…
Carbon atoms arranged in the shape of a hollow sphere.
Carbon
The chemical element of atomic number 6, a nonmetal that has…
Diamond
A crystalline form of carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
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