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Study sets matching "intermolecular forces"

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Study sets matching "intermolecular forces"

16 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Boiling point
Condensation
Forces that occur between molecules.
Forces that occur within a molecule
The temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas
The change from a gas to a liquid
Intermolecular Forces
Forces that occur between molecules.
Intramolecular Forces
Forces that occur within a molecule
16 terms
Intermolecular forces
Covalent bonding
Ionic Bonding
Simple covalent molecules
Covalent Molecules
Sharing of electrons between non-metals to form a strong bond
Type of bond formed between metal and non-metal
NH3 and H2O are good examples of this
Sometimes they can carry a small charge know as delta plus an…
Covalent bonding
Sharing of electrons between non-metals to form a strong bond
Ionic Bonding
Type of bond formed between metal and non-metal
18 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Boiling point
Condensation
Forces that occur between molecules.
Forces that occur within a molecule
The temperature at which the vapor pressure equals external p…
The change from a gas to a liquid
Intermolecular Forces
Forces that occur between molecules.
Intramolecular Forces
Forces that occur within a molecule
12 terms
Intermolecular forces
HCN
CH3F
SCl2
CO2
Linear
Tetrahedral
Bent
Linear
HCN
Linear
CH3F
Tetrahedral
16 terms
Intermolecular forces
Covalent bonding
Ionic Bonding
Simple covalent molecules
Covalent Molecules
Sharing of electrons between non-metals to form a strong bond
Type of bond formed between metal and non-metal
NH3 and H2O are good examples of this
Sometimes they can carry a small charge know as delta plus an…
Covalent bonding
Sharing of electrons between non-metals to form a strong bond
Ionic Bonding
Type of bond formed between metal and non-metal
11 terms
Intermolecular Forces
intermolecular forces
general rule
london forces
dipole dipole attractions
the forces that act between molecules and holds molecules clo…
the stronger the intermolecular forces in a substance, the mo…
weakest forces
stronger attractive forces than london dispersion forces
intermolecular forces
the forces that act between molecules and holds molecules clo…
general rule
the stronger the intermolecular forces in a substance, the mo…
26 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Forces that occur between molecules.
Forces that occur within a molecule
Forms when two atoms share electrons to become stable.
Forms when electrons are transferred from one atom to another…
Intermolecular Forces
Forces that occur between molecules.
Intramolecular Forces
Forces that occur within a molecule
26 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Force
Intramolecular Force
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Force between molecules
Force within a molecule
Force of attraction within a molecule created by the sharing…
Force of attraction created by the transfer of electrons betw…
Intermolecular Force
Force between molecules
Intramolecular Force
Force within a molecule
77 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular forces are ___. Intermo…
In an ___, there are forces of attract…
Some ionic compounds don't dissolve in…
Ion-dipole and cation-anion forces wor…
bonds; between molecules; Intramolecular forces
Ion-Dipole force
Coulomb's Law; cation-anion; ion-dipole; water
against each other; decrease more rapidly; lattice energy; hy…
Intramolecular forces are ___. Intermo…
bonds; between molecules; Intramolecular forces
In an ___, there are forces of attract…
Ion-Dipole force
8 terms
Intermolecular Forces
What are intermolecular forces?
What are the 4 types of molecular forc…
What are hydrogen bonds?
What elements do hydrogen bonds occur…
the forces that occur between molecules
hydrogen bonds... ion-dipole... dipole-dipole... London Dispersion for…
a special form of dipole-dipole interaction
N-H, F-H, or O-H bond w/ another N, O, or F atom
What are intermolecular forces?
the forces that occur between molecules
What are the 4 types of molecular forc…
hydrogen bonds... ion-dipole... dipole-dipole... London Dispersion for…
15 terms
Intermolecular Forces
___ interaction involve oppositely cha…
Which type of intermolecular force is…
London forces are also known by what n…
How do London (dispersion) forces work?
Electrostatic
electrostatic interaction
dispersion forces
___ interaction involve oppositely cha…
Electrostatic
Which type of intermolecular force is…
electrostatic interaction
15 terms
Intermolecular Forces
INTERmolecular Force
INTRAmolecular Force
POLAR Covalent Molecule
Dipole Moment
Force of Attraction between NEIGHBORING molecules or atoms. W…
Ionic, Covalent or Metallic Force within a single molecule. I…
A molecule that has partial charges or dipoles.
A partial charge on a molecule
INTERmolecular Force
Force of Attraction between NEIGHBORING molecules or atoms. W…
INTRAmolecular Force
Ionic, Covalent or Metallic Force within a single molecule. I…
19 terms
Intermolecular Forces
ionic bond
covalent bond
intermolecular forces
intermolecular attraction
a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a…
a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
forces of attraction between molecules
attraction between molecules. one example is hydrogen bonding
ionic bond
a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a…
covalent bond
a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
15 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Force
Intramolecular Force
Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Force between molecules
Force within a molecule
Force of attraction within a molecule created by the sharing…
Force of attraction created by the transfer of electrons betw…
Intermolecular Force
Force between molecules
Intramolecular Force
Force within a molecule
10 terms
Intermolecular Forces
intermolecular forces
general rule
london forces
dipole dipole attractions
the forces that act between molecules and holds molecules clo…
the stronger the intermolecular forces in a substance, the mo…
weakest forces
stronger forces
intermolecular forces
the forces that act between molecules and holds molecules clo…
general rule
the stronger the intermolecular forces in a substance, the mo…
5 terms
Intermolecular Forces
intermolecular force
dispersion forces
dipole-dipole forces
polar molecule
force of attraction between two molecules of a substance
weakest intermolecular force; attraction of instantaneous dip…
attraction between oppositely charged regions of polar molecu…
molecule that an uneven distribution of electron density
intermolecular force
force of attraction between two molecules of a substance
dispersion forces
weakest intermolecular force; attraction of instantaneous dip…
12 terms
Intermolecular Forces
InTERmolecular Force
InTRAmolecular Force
VSEPR
Molecular Shapes
- van der Waals Forces... - The weak forces of attraction or rep…
- The strong forces of attraction or repulsion between the at…
- Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion theory... - States that…
- Bent and pyramidal shapes involve lone pairs of electrons o…
InTERmolecular Force
- van der Waals Forces... - The weak forces of attraction or rep…
InTRAmolecular Force
- The strong forces of attraction or repulsion between the at…
21 terms
Intermolecular Forces
intermolecular forces
intermolecular forces
intramolecular forces
intramolecular forces
momentary attractions between molecules, diatomic free elemen…
forces that exist between molecules
forces that hold atoms together within a molecule
any force that holds atoms together to make a molecule... -stron…
intermolecular forces
momentary attractions between molecules, diatomic free elemen…
intermolecular forces
forces that exist between molecules
Intermolecular forces
Intermolecular Forces Characteristics…
Intermolecular forces v. Intramolecular
Intermolecular Forces Characteristics…
Intermolecular Forces Characteristics…
Are not as strong as intramolecular forces
Intermolecular forces are between molecules... Intramolecular fo…
Van der Waals Forces
Ion Dipole, Dipole-Dipole, Hydrogen Bonding, London Dispersion
Intermolecular Forces Characteristics…
Are not as strong as intramolecular forces
Intermolecular forces v. Intramolecular
Intermolecular forces are between molecules... Intramolecular fo…
9 terms
intermolecular forces
dipole arrows
dipole arrows pic
dipole dipole forces
dipole
arrow towards the higher electronegative atoms
forces of attraction between polar molecules... not equal... need t…
equal but opposite charges separated by a short distance
dipole arrows
arrow towards the higher electronegative atoms
dipole arrows pic
31 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
IMF strength
Electrostatic Forces
the forces holding atoms together to form molecules
Forces between molecules between ions, or between molecules a…
IMF < intramolecular forces (covalent, metallic, ionic bonds)…
act over larger distances in accordance with Coulomb's Law
Intramolecular Forces
the forces holding atoms together to form molecules
Intermolecular Forces
Forces between molecules between ions, or between molecules a…
27 terms
Intermolecular Forces
intermolecular forces
intramolecular bond
volatility
solubility
forces between two neighboring molecules- much weaker than in…
forces between the (generally covalent) bonds in atoms making…
the speed of which a substance vaporizes
a measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent…
intermolecular forces
forces between two neighboring molecules- much weaker than in…
intramolecular bond
forces between the (generally covalent) bonds in atoms making…
14 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular means
Intramolecular means
To boil a substance of small molecules…
Polar molecules form
between different molecules.
within a molecule.
intermolecular forces need to be broken.
permanent dipole-dipole like NH3, HCl,H2S & H2O.
Intermolecular means
between different molecules.
Intramolecular means
within a molecule.
35 terms
Intermolecular Forces
phase
Intermolecular forces
Intramolecular forces
intra, inter
a homogeneous part of the system in contact with other parts…
attractive forces between molecules.
Bonds that hold a molecular together (covalent and ionic bonds)
____molecular forces are stronger than _____molecular
phase
a homogeneous part of the system in contact with other parts…
Intermolecular forces
attractive forces between molecules.
19 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Crystalline solids
Molecular solid
Ionic solid
Atomic solid
Molecular, ionic, and atomic
Made of all non metals; type of crystalline solid; made from…
Type of crystalline solid; made of cations and anions; held t…
Composite units are individual atoms; 3 types are covalent, n…
Crystalline solids
Molecular, ionic, and atomic
Molecular solid
Made of all non metals; type of crystalline solid; made from…
13 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Dispersion forces
Hydrogen bonding
Dipole-dipole bonding
Intermolecular forces
It is the weakest force of all intermolecular forces because…
The strongest bonding of all the intermolecular forces and it…
Dipole-dipole bonding occurs between polar molecules where th…
The forces that exists between the molecules. ... - dispersion f…
Dispersion forces
It is the weakest force of all intermolecular forces because…
Hydrogen bonding
The strongest bonding of all the intermolecular forces and it…
Intermolecular Forces
Instantaneous Dipole
Hydrogen Bonding
Surface Tension
Electron Sharing
Instantaneous dipoles: These occur due to chance when electro…
A hydrogen bond is the attractive force between the hydrogen…
Surface tension is the elastic tendency of a fluid surface wh…
Both atoms have two electrons and a filled outer (valence) sh…
Instantaneous Dipole
Instantaneous dipoles: These occur due to chance when electro…
Hydrogen Bonding
A hydrogen bond is the attractive force between the hydrogen…
14 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular vs. Intramolecular Forces
Ion-Dipole
Coulomb's Law in Ion-Dipole
Dipole-Dipole
Intermolecular: forces of attraction between molecules.... Intr…
forces of attraction between an ion and a polar molecule ... Ex…
- If cation-anion attractions are stronger than ion-dipole at…
-the attractive forces between the negative end of one polar…
Intermolecular vs. Intramolecular Forces
Intermolecular: forces of attraction between molecules.... Intr…
Ion-Dipole
forces of attraction between an ion and a polar molecule ... Ex…
8 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Network Covalent (Located in Solids)
Ionic Compound
Metals
Covalent Compounds
Is an element in which the atoms are bonded by covalent bonds…
An element in which ions are held together in a structure by…
An element that is solid at room temperature, a good conducto…
Include hydrogen bonding, dipole-dipole interactions, and Lon…
Network Covalent (Located in Solids)
Is an element in which the atoms are bonded by covalent bonds…
Ionic Compound
An element in which ions are held together in a structure by…
13 terms
intermolecular forces
Hydrogen bonding
dispersion forces
Dipole-Dipole bonding
intermolecular forces
hydrogen bonding is the strongest bonding which occurs throug…
Temporary dipole created when moving electrons within an elem…
Dipole-Dipole interactions result when two polar molecules ap…
intermolecular forces are the forces that exist between the m…
Hydrogen bonding
hydrogen bonding is the strongest bonding which occurs throug…
dispersion forces
Temporary dipole created when moving electrons within an elem…
10 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Ion-Ion Forces (I-I)
Dipole-Dipole Forces (D-D)
Hydrogen Bonding
melting point, boiling point, solubility, miscibility, state…
ionic bond
covalent bond... -2 polar molecules attracted by D-D... -polarity ↑…
H is covalently bonded to N, O, F... -D-D attraction... -Strongest…
Intermolecular Forces
melting point, boiling point, solubility, miscibility, state…
Ion-Ion Forces (I-I)
ionic bond
25 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Condensed Phases
Covalent Bond
van der Waals forces
London Dispersion Forces
When particles are closer together in a liquid or solid state.
Strong intramolecular attraction
-Dipole-Dipole interactions... -Hydrogen bonding... -London dispers…
Attractions between an instantaneous dipole and an induced di…
Condensed Phases
When particles are closer together in a liquid or solid state.
Covalent Bond
Strong intramolecular attraction
25 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Dipole-Dipole Attraction
Hydrogen Bonding
London Dispersion Forces
Attractive and repulsive forces between neighboring molecules.
The attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
The intermolecular force in which a hydrogen atom is boundto…
Forces that exist among noble gas atoms and nonpolar molecules.
Intermolecular Forces
Attractive and repulsive forces between neighboring molecules.
Dipole-Dipole Attraction
The attractive force resulting when polar molecules line up s…
26 terms
intermolecular forces
dipole forces
Hydrogen "Bonding"
London Dispersion Forces
intra-
intermolecular forces between polar molecules
-Hydrogen "bonding" is not bonding at all... -a strong intermole…
-temporary dipole that lasts a fraction of a second
within (chemical bonds)
dipole forces
intermolecular forces between polar molecules
Hydrogen "Bonding"
-Hydrogen "bonding" is not bonding at all... -a strong intermole…
11 terms
Intermolecular forces
inter molecular forves
intra
inter
intermolecular forces must be broken -->
as liquid, there are intermolecular forces between molecules
with in
between 2 different molecules
in order to change state from liquid to gas (boiling points)
inter molecular forves
as liquid, there are intermolecular forces between molecules
intra
with in
10 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Dispersion Force (London forces)
Dipole-dipole attraction
Hydrogen bonds
Ionic interactions
Attraction that exists between molecules because of the insta…
Attractive forces between oppositely charged ends of molecule…
Strong dipole-dipole attractions that occur between partially…
The electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions,…
Dispersion Force (London forces)
Attraction that exists between molecules because of the insta…
Dipole-dipole attraction
Attractive forces between oppositely charged ends of molecule…
33 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Types of Intermolecular Forces
Forces between Non-Polar substances
Instantaneous Dipoles
Forces of attraction between neighbouring particles (atoms/mo…
Van der Waals, Dipole-Dipole, Hydrogen-Bonding (special Dipol…
Instantaneous Dipoles ... Induced Dipoles
1. Electrons are in constant movement within an atom of atom.…
Intermolecular Forces
Forces of attraction between neighbouring particles (atoms/mo…
Types of Intermolecular Forces
Van der Waals, Dipole-Dipole, Hydrogen-Bonding (special Dipol…
8 terms
intermolecular Forces
intermolecular
dipole dipole London dispersion ion di…
polar
dipole-dipole
When substances melt or boil, _____ forces are broken
3 types of intermolecular forces
dipole-dipole only occurs between ___ molecules
intermolecular
When substances melt or boil, _____ forces are broken
dipole dipole London dispersion ion di…
3 types of intermolecular forces
INTERMOLECULAR FORCES
intermolecular forces are the ________…
electrostatic forces are _____________…
What are the 4 types of IMF's? (strong…
INTER vs INTRA
attractive electrostatic
distance
ionic bonding... hydrogen bonding... dipole-dipole... dispersion
inter: between two molecules... intra: within one molecule
intermolecular forces are the ________…
attractive electrostatic
electrostatic forces are _____________…
distance
10 terms
Intermolecular forces
Gas
Intermolecular forces
Intramolecular forces
Hydrogen bonding
Neither constant shape nor volume
Forces between different molecules
Forces between atoms of the same molecule
OH,NH,FH
Gas
Neither constant shape nor volume
Intermolecular forces
Forces between different molecules
7 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Inter
Intra
Hydrogen bonds
Dipole-Dipole
Forces outside a molecule
Forces inside a molecule
Hydrogen and a high electronegativiy element (FNO)
2 polar molecules ... Slight positive end- slight negative end
Inter
Forces outside a molecule
Intra
Forces inside a molecule
19 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Electronegativity
Dipole
Bonding forces within a molecule. Stronger than intermolecula…
Forces that cause attraction or repulsion between molecules.…
Ability of an atom to attract an electron to itself. (fluorin…
Molecule which has an area of positive charge and an area of…
Intramolecular Forces
Bonding forces within a molecule. Stronger than intermolecula…
Intermolecular Forces
Forces that cause attraction or repulsion between molecules.…
20 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Hydrogen Bond
Polarity
Like dissolves like
The attraction between different molecules.
The intermolecular force that occurs between a hydrogen of on…
Intermolecular Forces are determined by a molecule's ________…
This rule states that molecules with the same polarities can…
Intermolecular Forces
The attraction between different molecules.
Hydrogen Bond
The intermolecular force that occurs between a hydrogen of on…
29 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Coulombic intermolecular
Ion Dipole
Dipole Dipole
favorable ion interaction
Strongest are ion ion interactions (like in molten salts). In…
dominant forces when ions are dissolved in water.... V(id) ~ - |…
solids composed of polar molecules.... V(dd) ~ µ₁µ₂/r³
Coulombic intermolecular
Strongest are ion ion interactions (like in molten salts). In…
Ion Dipole
dominant forces when ions are dissolved in water.... V(id) ~ - |…
26 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Van Der Waals Forces
Induced Dipole
Strength of Van Der Waals
Group 0 (Noble Gasses)
Temporary dipole-dipole interactions, induced dipole-dipole i…
Weak attraction is a result of an induced dipole in the molec…
The greater the number of electrons, the larger the number of…
Do not have polar bonds but still have high boiling points du…
Van Der Waals Forces
Temporary dipole-dipole interactions, induced dipole-dipole i…
Induced Dipole
Weak attraction is a result of an induced dipole in the molec…
21 terms
Intermolecular forces
2 molecules are held together by
On a diagram intermolecular forces are…
All atoms and molecules are able to ex…
Induced dipole-dipole forces are also…
intermolecular forces
dotted line
induced dipole-dipole foces
London (or dispersion) forces
2 molecules are held together by
intermolecular forces
On a diagram intermolecular forces are…
dotted line
15 terms
Intermolecular Forces
What is an intermolecular force?
What is an intramolecular force?
Draw a picture that shows the differen…
What is a London Dispersion force? Des…
Forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighbori…
Forces that keep a molecule together. Stronger than intermole…
Non-polar molecules. The weakest intermolecular force. Tempor…
What is an intermolecular force?
Forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighbori…
What is an intramolecular force?
Forces that keep a molecule together. Stronger than intermole…
16 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Permanent dipole-dipole force
Van der Waals'
The greater number of electrons...
Why do intermolecular forces occur?
a weak attractive force between permanent dipoles in neighbou…
act between very small temporary dipole
The larger the induced dipole... The greater the van der Waal…
Movements of the electrons within the shells of the atoms in…
Permanent dipole-dipole force
a weak attractive force between permanent dipoles in neighbou…
Van der Waals'
act between very small temporary dipole
17 terms
INTERMOLECULAR FORCES
Intermolecular Forces
Intermolecular forces are _________ th…
Dipole-Dipole Attraction
Dipole-Dipole Attraction is strongest…
Between Molecules
Weaker
Between Polar Molecules
Bigger and Closer
Intermolecular Forces
Between Molecules
Intermolecular forces are _________ th…
Weaker
32 terms
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
IMF strength
Electrostatic Forces
the forces holding atoms together to form molecules
Forces between molecules between ions, or between molecules a…
IMF < intramolecular forces (covalent, metallic, ionic bonds)…
act over larger distances in accordance with Coulomb's Law
Intramolecular Forces
the forces holding atoms together to form molecules
Intermolecular Forces
Forces between molecules between ions, or between molecules a…
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