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Study sets matching "interpersonal attraction"

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Study sets matching "interpersonal attraction"

38 terms
interpersonal attraction
INTERPERSONAL ATTRACTION
Affiliation Needs
Need to belong
social comparison theory
The desire to approach and interact with another person
The want to be with other people
Having a motive to belong
without this we would not know how to do social norms.... part…
INTERPERSONAL ATTRACTION
The desire to approach and interact with another person
Affiliation Needs
The want to be with other people
34 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Theories of Affiliation
Needs for Affiliation
Shyness
Loneliness
- Needs to Belong... - Needs for Affiliation and Intimacy... - Rein…
Desire to establish social contact with others... - Motivated to…
Sources:... - Inborn personality trait... - Learned reaction to fai…
A feeling of deprivation about social relations... Most likely…
Theories of Affiliation
- Needs to Belong... - Needs for Affiliation and Intimacy... - Rein…
Needs for Affiliation
Desire to establish social contact with others... - Motivated to…
37 terms
INTERPERSONAL ATTRACTION
ATTRACTION
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ATTRACTION AND CLOS…
FOUNDATIONS OF ATTRACTION AND CLOSE RE…
SITUATIONAL INLFUENCES ON THE NEED TO…
The fundamental basis of attraction: A matter of rewards... Lik…
ATTRACTION - forming the relationship... CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS -w…
the need for affiliation is as basic to our psychological wel…
Schachter (1959)... study - participants expecting to get an ele…
ATTRACTION
The fundamental basis of attraction: A matter of rewards... Lik…
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ATTRACTION AND CLOS…
ATTRACTION - forming the relationship... CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS -w…
24 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
5 types of Interpersonal Attraction
Physiological Approaches
Bridge Study
Lingerie Slides
1. Physiological Approaches... 2. Learning Theory... 3. Contact Eff…
-Pheromones... -Arousal- use of automatic nervous to tell if we…
a study where men walked across a rickety or normal bridge an…
were given headphones and randomly assigned one picture where…
5 types of Interpersonal Attraction
1. Physiological Approaches... 2. Learning Theory... 3. Contact Eff…
Physiological Approaches
-Pheromones... -Arousal- use of automatic nervous to tell if we…
37 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Universals of Physical Attractiveness
Universals—Clear Complexion
Universals—Bilateral Symmetry
Some aspects of physical attractiveness have been found to be…
-People are attracted to healthy mates.... -Skin signals health…
-Another marker of health is bilateral symmetry.... -When an org…
Universals of Physical Attractiveness
Some aspects of physical attractiveness have been found to be…
Universals—Clear Complexion
-People are attracted to healthy mates.... -Skin signals health…
17 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
propinquity effect
mere exposure effect
halo effect
evolutionary psychology
the finding that the more we see and interact with people, th…
the finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the…
a cognitive bias by which we tend to assume that an individua…
the attempt to explain social behavior in terms of genetic fa…
propinquity effect
the finding that the more we see and interact with people, th…
mere exposure effect
the finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the…
15 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
attraction
need to belong
affiliation
affect and attraction
How much do you like someone?... Not just for sex! Important for…
Humans born with motivation to seek contact with those in th…
Ps told they would receive non-painful shocks... or painful sho…
The presence of positive affect leads to... positive evaluation…
attraction
How much do you like someone?... Not just for sex! Important for…
need to belong
Humans born with motivation to seek contact with those in th…
11 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Interpersonal Attraction
Physical Attractiveness
The Matching Hypothesis
Attitude Alignment
Liking or having the desire to for a relationship with anothe…
One of the main factors that influence individual's choices f…
A tendency to choose partners whose level of attractiveness t…
People's tendency to enjoy being around others who are simila…
Interpersonal Attraction
Liking or having the desire to for a relationship with anothe…
Physical Attractiveness
One of the main factors that influence individual's choices f…
9 terms
Interpersonal attraction
Interpersonal connection
Proximity
Matching hypothesis
Attitude alignment
Positive feeling toward other people
Key factor in interpersonal attraction is
People of equal attraction choose each other as mates
Changing your attitude so it is more similar to your partners
Interpersonal connection
Positive feeling toward other people
Proximity
Key factor in interpersonal attraction is
44 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Propinquity Effect
Functional Distance
Mere Exposure Effect
Halo Effect
The finding that the more we see and interact with people, th…
Certain aspects of architectural design that make it more lik…
Findings that the more exposure we have to stimulus, more apt…
Cognitive bias by which we tend to assume that an individual…
Propinquity Effect
The finding that the more we see and interact with people, th…
Functional Distance
Certain aspects of architectural design that make it more lik…
24 terms
interpersonal attraction
Interpersonal Attraction
Admiration
Liking
Similarities
positive feelings and thoughts about another person.
Observation of the qualities of knowledge, wisdom, intelligen…
based of honesty, respect, compassion, and humor.
liking the same thing s someone else.
Interpersonal Attraction
positive feelings and thoughts about another person.
Admiration
Observation of the qualities of knowledge, wisdom, intelligen…
41 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Proximity
Festinger (1950)
Functional Distance
Mere Exposure Effect
(Propinquity) how close we are affects our attraction; closer…
study of proximity; more likely to be friends with neighbors…
how accessible you are increases your attraction; ex: more fr…
the more we are exposed to something, the more we will like i…
Proximity
(Propinquity) how close we are affects our attraction; closer…
Festinger (1950)
study of proximity; more likely to be friends with neighbors…
20 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Fundamental need to belong
Attachment
Secure
Avoidant
we need frequent , positive interactions with others that occ…
Hazan and Shaver... Some remain in adulthood. 64% stability in s…
Easy to get on with others
Uncomfortable with closeness, difficult to trust others
Fundamental need to belong
we need frequent , positive interactions with others that occ…
Attachment
Hazan and Shaver... Some remain in adulthood. 64% stability in s…
22 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Need for Affiliation
Loneliness
Factors that Affect Initial Attraction
Mere Exposure Effect
Desire to establish social contact with others... Aroused by str…
Feeling of deprivation about social relations; most likely to…
Proximity... Familiarity... Physical Attraction... Similarity... Reciproc…
Increased exposure of neutral stimuli makes stimuli become mo…
Need for Affiliation
Desire to establish social contact with others... Aroused by str…
Loneliness
Feeling of deprivation about social relations; most likely to…
38 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
universal aspects of physical attracti…
study on average features found that a…
"average is attractive" is seen in ___…
body weight paradox
clear complexion (implies healthy and free of disease); bilat…
more
facial; bodily
while we perceive thinner women to be more attractive, the ac…
universal aspects of physical attracti…
clear complexion (implies healthy and free of disease); bilat…
study on average features found that a…
more
13 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Social Psychology First Impressions
Propinquity Effect
Mere exposure effect
Social Exchange Theory
Propinquity (familiarity) lead to liking, Similarity, ... Physic…
finding that the more we see and interact with people, the mo…
the find that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the mo…
We like people who reward us the most. Idea that people's fee…
Social Psychology First Impressions
Propinquity (familiarity) lead to liking, Similarity, ... Physic…
Propinquity Effect
finding that the more we see and interact with people, the mo…
14 terms
interpersonal attraction
key factors of interpersonal attraction
physical attractivness
proximity
mere exposure effect
physical attractiveness. proximity. similarity. reciprocity.…
greater mating success found among attractive people. will ha…
how close you are to someone and you will find you share the…
more exposed to something more you like it because you become…
key factors of interpersonal attraction
physical attractiveness. proximity. similarity. reciprocity.…
physical attractivness
greater mating success found among attractive people. will ha…
44 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Important, Interdependent, Long Lastin…
More wealthy
Proximity
Functional Distance
Close relationships are:
wouldn't marry without love
the closer people are geographically, the more likely they wi…
distance refers to certain aspects of architectural design th…
Important, Interdependent, Long Lastin…
Close relationships are:
More wealthy
wouldn't marry without love
20 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Afilliation
Baumeister and Leary
Hill
Propinquity
Fundamental motivation
Affiliation is a universal motivation in humans
Individuals display varying degrees of 4 types of affiliation…
Physical proximity, functional proximity - distance needed to…
Afilliation
Fundamental motivation
Baumeister and Leary
Affiliation is a universal motivation in humans
36 terms
interpersonal attraction
Theories of Affiliation
Need for affiliation
theories on origins of Shyness
consequences of shyness
Need to belong (i.e. belonging to group of friends) ... Needs fo…
desire to establish social contact with others ... Motivated to…
Inborn personality trait ... Learned reaction to failed interact…
Negative self-evaluations ... Expectations of failure in social…
Theories of Affiliation
Need to belong (i.e. belonging to group of friends) ... Needs fo…
Need for affiliation
desire to establish social contact with others ... Motivated to…
18 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
propinquity effect
mere exposure effect
halo effect
evolutionary psychology
the finding that the more we see and interact with people the…
the finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus the…
a cognitive bias by which we tend to assume that an individua…
the attempt to explain social behavior in terms of genetic fa…
propinquity effect
the finding that the more we see and interact with people the…
mere exposure effect
the finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus the…
22 terms
Interpersonal attraction
Social psychology
Social cognition
Psychological proximity
Stimulation value
Seeks to explain how our thoughts, feelings, perceptions and…
Focuses on how we perceive, store, and retrieve information a…
The nearness of one person to another person
The ability of a person to interest you in or expose you to n…
Social psychology
Seeks to explain how our thoughts, feelings, perceptions and…
Social cognition
Focuses on how we perceive, store, and retrieve information a…
interpersonal attraction
proximity
similarity
self-disclosure
physical attractiveness
the notion that people t work will make more friends among th…
the notion that people are attracted to those who are most si…
the sharing of personal information and feelings with another…
people usually find it more rewarding to associate with peopl…
proximity
the notion that people t work will make more friends among th…
similarity
the notion that people are attracted to those who are most si…
34 terms
interpersonal Attraction
Reward Theory
Hatfield & walster
Attraction as an attitude
variables that affect liking
approach rooted in classical and operant learning and theorie…
proposed that love and liking are a function rewards received…
components of attraction: ... cognitive ... affective ... behavioral…
proximity and " crossing paths" - we must be in the physical…
Reward Theory
approach rooted in classical and operant learning and theorie…
Hatfield & walster
proposed that love and liking are a function rewards received…
14 terms
interpersonal attraction
theories of affiliation
need for affiliation
shyness
shyness sources
need to belong, needs for affiliation and intimacy, reinforce…
desire to establish social contact with others- want to maint…
50% of american say they are shy
inborn personality trait, learned reaction to failed interact…
theories of affiliation
need to belong, needs for affiliation and intimacy, reinforce…
need for affiliation
desire to establish social contact with others- want to maint…
11 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Interpersonal communication
Meaning as value
The RIVER is meaningful because
Communication Dyad
How one communicates with others is influenced by how one see…
Concepts and symbols become valuable as they become able to h…
Enough of its characteristics and conditions remain constant…
The smallest unit of communication... Foundation of all more com…
Interpersonal communication
How one communicates with others is influenced by how one see…
Meaning as value
Concepts and symbols become valuable as they become able to h…
17 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Propinquity Effect
Mere Exposure Effect
Evolutionary Approach to Mate Selection
Evolutionary Psychology
The finding that the more we see and interact with people, th…
The finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the…
A theory derived from evolutionary biology that holds that me…
The attempt to explain social behavior in terms of genetic fa…
Propinquity Effect
The finding that the more we see and interact with people, th…
Mere Exposure Effect
The finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the…
24 terms
interpersonal attraction
theories of affiliation
reinforcement
social exchange
need for affiliation
need to belong, need for affiliation and intimacy, reinforcem…
they understand you, it makes it okay to be who you are
cost / benefit ratio, comparison level, comparison level for…
desire to establish social contact with others (motivated to…
theories of affiliation
need to belong, need for affiliation and intimacy, reinforcem…
reinforcement
they understand you, it makes it okay to be who you are
17 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
What is Interpersonal Attraction
Determinants of Liking/Attraction
Physical Proximity
Mere Exposure (Zajonc)... AKA-Repeated Ex…
Attitude toward a person
1. Proximity... 2. Affect during exposure... 3. Motivation to estab…
1. Mere Exposure... 2. Residential Proximity
Watch slides of Turkish letters then rate how appealing the l…
What is Interpersonal Attraction
Attitude toward a person
Determinants of Liking/Attraction
1. Proximity... 2. Affect during exposure... 3. Motivation to estab…
31 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Interpersonal attraction approaches
Physiological approaches
Pheromones
Arousal
Physioloical, learning theory, contact effects, trait, evolut…
Pheromones, arousal
No consistent findings, has a role in women having the same m…
Bridge study, lingerie slides, being in a secret relationship
Interpersonal attraction approaches
Physioloical, learning theory, contact effects, trait, evolut…
Physiological approaches
Pheromones, arousal
28 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
The Factors That Influence Attraction
Proximity
Physical Attractiveness
Reciprocal Liking
Proximity, physical attraction, reciprocal liking
The physical closeness between two individuals
The combination of characteristics that are evaluated as beau…
If you are liked by the person
The Factors That Influence Attraction
Proximity, physical attraction, reciprocal liking
Proximity
The physical closeness between two individuals
43 terms
Interpersonal attraction
Three factors relating to interpersona…
Physical attractiveness
Beauty bias
Four explanation of Beauty bias
Physical attractivenes... Similarity... Complementary
People are attracted to physically attractive people
Idea that attractive people are warded socially as well as bi…
1.aesthetic appeal... 2.physical attraction stereotype... 3.10 to p…
Three factors relating to interpersona…
Physical attractivenes... Similarity... Complementary
Physical attractiveness
People are attracted to physically attractive people
67 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
I. Interpersonal Attraction
1. Proximity
2. Affect during Exposure
3. Motivation to establish relationship
Overall an Individual's attitude towards another person (like…
DETERMINANTS OF LIKING/ATTRACTION... -Proximity breeds more liking
DETERMINANTS OF LIKING/ATTRACTION... -feeling STATE in presence…
DETERMINANTS OF LIKING/ATTRACTION... -When it is high vs low
I. Interpersonal Attraction
Overall an Individual's attitude towards another person (like…
1. Proximity
DETERMINANTS OF LIKING/ATTRACTION... -Proximity breeds more liking
68 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
need for affiliation
proximity
physical attractiveness
repeated exposure effect
the basic motive to seek and maintain interpersonal relations…
in attraction research, the physical closeness between two in…
the combination of characteristics that are evaluated as beau…
zajonc's finding that frequent contact with any mildly negati…
need for affiliation
the basic motive to seek and maintain interpersonal relations…
proximity
in attraction research, the physical closeness between two in…
Interpersonal Attraction
What causes attraction?
What causes attraction?
What causes attraction?
What causes attraction?
Propinquity effect
Similarity
Reciprocal liking
Physical attractiveness
What causes attraction?
Propinquity effect
What causes attraction?
Similarity
31 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Propinquity Effect
Functional distance
Mere Exposure Effect
Computers: Long-distance Propinquity
The finding that the more we see and interact with people the…
Refers to certain aspects of architectural ... design that make…
the finding that more exposure we have to a stimulus the more…
1st year is lower quality compared to face to face
Propinquity Effect
The finding that the more we see and interact with people the…
Functional distance
Refers to certain aspects of architectural ... design that make…
53 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
propinquity effect
Trainees for Maryland police dept.
reasons we like someone:
mere exposure effect
proximity determines initial attraction: the more we see/inte…
male ps ... 45 total ... assigned alphabetically to classroom seats…
propinquity ... reciprocal liking ... similarity ... physical attracti…
stimulus has to be neutral for this to work (if it's negative…
propinquity effect
proximity determines initial attraction: the more we see/inte…
Trainees for Maryland police dept.
male ps ... 45 total ... assigned alphabetically to classroom seats…
11 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Universals
Western View of Friendship
African View of Friendship
Enemies
Romantic love is a universal
Friendship is very important, essential to our lives
Be careful of your friends they could be enemies
More Africans report having enemies than Americans
Universals
Romantic love is a universal
Western View of Friendship
Friendship is very important, essential to our lives
18 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
companionate love
How does closeness happen?
study about self-disclosure
equity theory
*love that is based on friendship, mutual attraction, common…
*reciprocal self-disclosure... -- the tendency to communicate fr…
*to see if self-disclosure of intimate thoughts to other woul…
*like putting cost analysis in a relationship... *relationships…
companionate love
*love that is based on friendship, mutual attraction, common…
How does closeness happen?
*reciprocal self-disclosure... -- the tendency to communicate fr…
11 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Why does proximity affect attraction
The mere exposure effect
Familiarity (meer exposure)
What about over exposure?
1. It brings people into contact, often through routine activ…
Repeated exposure to the same stimulus is sufficient enough t…
-Sheer familiarity with others leads to increased liking and…
Repeated exposure to something initially negative will make u…
Why does proximity affect attraction
1. It brings people into contact, often through routine activ…
The mere exposure effect
Repeated exposure to the same stimulus is sufficient enough t…
12 terms
Interpersonal attraction
Makes for physical attraction
Physically attractive individuals are…
Why physical attractive people are reg…
Why physical attractive people are reg…
Specific ingredients unknown ... Depends more on gestalt than s…
Physical attractiveness is more important to male's evaluatio…
Attractive people are appreciated for aesthetic reasons
People believe that there is more beauty than men's the eye.
Makes for physical attraction
Specific ingredients unknown ... Depends more on gestalt than s…
Physically attractive individuals are…
Physical attractiveness is more important to male's evaluatio…
24 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Reproduction
sexually selected traits
Intrasexually selected traits
Intersexually selected traits
goal of species, number of offspring v. quality of offspring
facilitate reproduction, even if they hinder survival... signal…
evolution of traits that help animals compete with rivals (i.…
evolution of traits that are preferred by the opposite sex (i…
Reproduction
goal of species, number of offspring v. quality of offspring
sexually selected traits
facilitate reproduction, even if they hinder survival... signal…
17 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Propinquity Effect
Mere Exposure Effect
Halo Effect
Evolutionary Psychology
The finding that the more we see and interact with people, th…
The finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the…
A cognitive bias by which we tend to assume that an individua…
The attempt to explain social behavior in terms of genetic fa…
Propinquity Effect
The finding that the more we see and interact with people, th…
Mere Exposure Effect
The finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the…
46 terms
INTERPERSONAL ATTRACTION
When a person of the opposite sex aske…
When a person of the opposite sex aske…
What do women wants out of their partn…
What do men want out of their partners?
80% of men said yes, and all women said no
men were significantly more likely to agree than women, and w…
1. Resources, represent from an evolutionary perspective that…
NICE LOOKS, things in the female body that are associated act…
When a person of the opposite sex aske…
80% of men said yes, and all women said no
When a person of the opposite sex aske…
men were significantly more likely to agree than women, and w…
10 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Factors that influence attraction towa…
How similarity influences our attracti…
Matching hypothesis
Why are we attracted to similarity?
Similarity, proximity, physical attractiveness
most powerful is being similar in demographics like age, race…
people "pair up" with others who are equally attractive (eg f…
Dissimilarity is unattractive (online dating - 1st asked if t…
Factors that influence attraction towa…
Similarity, proximity, physical attractiveness
How similarity influences our attracti…
most powerful is being similar in demographics like age, race…
Interpersonal Attraction
Attraction
Proximity
Positive Atmosphere
Rewarded in their presence
Relies on proximity, postive atmosphere, rewarded in their pr…
Factor of attraction. If you have neutral or better first imp…
Factor of attraction. If you meet in a positive environment y…
Factor of attraction. Tend to like the person if this happens.
Attraction
Relies on proximity, postive atmosphere, rewarded in their pr…
Proximity
Factor of attraction. If you have neutral or better first imp…
12 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
What are the factors that increase int…
Proximity
Mere Exposure Effect
Familiarity
Similarity, Complementary, and reciprocity.
Geographical closeness
The finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus the…
Makes us feel safe and comfortable. We prefer faces that most…
What are the factors that increase int…
Similarity, Complementary, and reciprocity.
Proximity
Geographical closeness
23 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Attraction
Attraction: Many types of relationship…
Need to Belong
3 benefits necessary of survivors of a…
Anything that draw two or more people together
1. Frequency... 2. Degree of Impact... 3. Diversity of activities... 4…
Forming relationships is a NEED, not just a want.... - cultural…
1. Food- sharing and hunting... 2. Protection- from predators an…
Attraction
Anything that draw two or more people together
Attraction: Many types of relationship…
1. Frequency... 2. Degree of Impact... 3. Diversity of activities... 4…
10 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
need for affiliation
proximity
physical attractiveness
repeated exposure effect
the basic motive to seek and maintain interpersonal relations…
they physical closeness between 2 individuals- where they liv…
the combination of characteristics that are evaluated as beau…
frequent contact with any mildly neg, neutral, or positive st…
need for affiliation
the basic motive to seek and maintain interpersonal relations…
proximity
they physical closeness between 2 individuals- where they liv…
21 terms
Interpersonal Attraction
Why are relationships important?
What are some benefits provided by rel…
Attraction
Affiliation
Humans have a need to belong. Motivation to seek contact with…
- Health... -Happiness... -Well-being
How much do you like someone... -Not just for sex, important for…
A factor that often increases our attraction to others. ... Exam…
Why are relationships important?
Humans have a need to belong. Motivation to seek contact with…
What are some benefits provided by rel…
- Health... -Happiness... -Well-being
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