Study sets matching "intimate [exam relationships 2"

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Study sets matching "intimate [exam relationships 2"

48 terms
Intimate Relationships 2
Social Cognition
Stereotyping
Primacy Effect
Confirmation Bias
Processes of perception and judgement with which we make sens…
Categorizing people in our minds, preconceived notions
The first piece of information that we get carries special we…
Looking for evidence that we are right about our impressions,…
Social Cognition
Processes of perception and judgement with which we make sens…
Stereotyping
Categorizing people in our minds, preconceived notions
58 terms
Intimate Relationships - Exam 2
social cognition
confirmation bias
positive illusions
explanations for behavior
memory, perceptions, thoughts that influence how we feel
look for evidence that you're right about judgements
tendency to idealize our partner. We do this by emphasizing a…
1. internal/external... 2. stable/unstable ... 3. specific/global
social cognition
memory, perceptions, thoughts that influence how we feel
confirmation bias
look for evidence that you're right about judgements
Intimate Relationships 2
Chapter 5
senders intentions
senders actions
effect on
...
private to sender
public
listener-private to listener
Chapter 5
...
senders intentions
private to sender
54 terms
Exam # 2 Intimate Relationships
Interdependency
Social Exchange Theory
What tells us if the overall experienc…
Outcome
It means mutual influence (you and your partner both influenc…
Logical process by which we evaluate relationships- we are ob…
Rewards-costs=outcome
overall experience of relationship
Interdependency
It means mutual influence (you and your partner both influenc…
Social Exchange Theory
Logical process by which we evaluate relationships- we are ob…
86 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam #2
Social cognition
First impressions
Stereotypes
Primacy effect
The process of perception and judgment with which we make sen…
Have enormous staying power... Quick decisions... First 39 millisec…
Allows us to categorize people easily... Unconscious; time-savin…
Our first knowledge about someone carries more weight than la…
Social cognition
The process of perception and judgment with which we make sen…
First impressions
Have enormous staying power... Quick decisions... First 39 millisec…
37 terms
Intimate Relationships Chp 2
Realtionship science
Scientific method
Theory
Variables
Application of the tools of the scientific method to answer q…
Set of procedures for making predictions
General explanation about a phenomenon
Aspect of nature that can fluctuate over time
Realtionship science
Application of the tools of the scientific method to answer q…
Scientific method
Set of procedures for making predictions
Intimate Relationships Chapter 2
When did relationship science regardin…
How are questions developed?
Two main types of questions
Bias that can be present in a represen…
Post WWII
- Personal experience... - Social problems... - Previous research
- Try to describe events... - Try to establish causal connections
Volunteer bias
When did relationship science regardin…
Post WWII
How are questions developed?
- Personal experience... - Social problems... - Previous research
60 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam 2
Sex
Primary sex characteristics
Secondary sex characteristics
Gender
Biological characteristics
Biological differences that males and females are born with.…
Biological differences that develop over time. Ex: depth of v…
Nonbiological characteristics
Sex
Biological characteristics
Primary sex characteristics
Biological differences that males and females are born with.…
118 terms
Intimate relationships exam 2
How do we make decisions about our rel…
When do we form first impressions?
What do stereotypes do?
What is the primacy effect?
-Social cognition: processes of perception and judgement with…
-We form judgements of others instantaneously... -First 39 milli…
-Give us preconceptions of what people are like... -allow us to…
-Tendency for the first information we receive about others t…
How do we make decisions about our rel…
-Social cognition: processes of perception and judgement with…
When do we form first impressions?
-We form judgements of others instantaneously... -First 39 milli…
8 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam 2
illusion of unique invulnerability
alcohol myopia
pluralistic ignorance
passionate love
many of us believe that bad things are generally more likely…
involves the reduction of people's abilities to think about a…
occurs when people wrongly believe that their feelings and be…
a temporary state of heightened interest in and preoccupation…
illusion of unique invulnerability
many of us believe that bad things are generally more likely…
alcohol myopia
involves the reduction of people's abilities to think about a…
Intimate Relationships - Exam 2
social cognition
confirmation bias
positive illusions
explanations for behavior
memory, perceptions, thoughts that influence how we feel
look for evidence that you're right about judgements
tendency to idealize our partner. We do this by emphasizing a…
1. internal/external... 2. stable/unstable ... 3. specific/global
social cognition
memory, perceptions, thoughts that influence how we feel
confirmation bias
look for evidence that you're right about judgements
23 terms
Intimate Relationships Ch.2
What do we study?
target population
accessible population
representative sample
questions come from:... - personal experience... - social problems…
all of the people with the characteristics that one wishes to…
an accessible section of the target population from which a s…
participants who resemble the entire population of people who…
What do we study?
questions come from:... - personal experience... - social problems…
target population
all of the people with the characteristics that one wishes to…
24 terms
Intimate Relationships (Chapter 2)
3 areas research questions may develop…
4 questions of methodology
quantitative research
qualitative research
1. personal experience... 2. social problems... 3. previous research
1. what info was gathered... 2. how was it gathered... 3. what was…
-attempts to explain a specific situation with numbers & obje…
-observing/recording behavior, often through interviews... -deta…
3 areas research questions may develop…
1. personal experience... 2. social problems... 3. previous research
4 questions of methodology
1. what info was gathered... 2. how was it gathered... 3. what was…
80 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam 2
what is social cognition
within 1 second we evaluate
within 5 seconds we evaluate
stereotyping
process of perception and judgement with which we make sense…
mood, attractiveness, like-ability, trustworthiness
personality, intelligence
we group people together when we make first impressions
what is social cognition
process of perception and judgement with which we make sense…
within 1 second we evaluate
mood, attractiveness, like-ability, trustworthiness
61 terms
Intimate Relationships Test 2
infatuated love
liking
empty love
companionate love
high passion- low intimacy and commitment
high intimacy- low passion and commitment
high commitment- low intimacy and passion
high intimacy and commitment- low passion... -one of most stable…
infatuated love
high passion- low intimacy and commitment
liking
high intimacy- low passion and commitment
70 terms
Intimate Relationships Test 2
social cognition
social cognition intervened by...
social cognition again
types of cognitions
thoughts you have related to social world... -beliefs, memories,…
1. thoughts... 2. behavior... 3. emotions... -effects are bidirectional
processes of perception and judgment with which we make sense…
1. first impressions ... 2. perceptions... 3. attributions
social cognition
thoughts you have related to social world... -beliefs, memories,…
social cognition intervened by...
1. thoughts... 2. behavior... 3. emotions... -effects are bidirectional
53 terms
Intimate Relationships Quiz 2
Micro Level Reasons for People Postpon…
Macro Level Reasons for People Postpon…
Rewards & Difficulties of Parenting
Role Conflict
Single women don't want childcare... Ideal family changes
Economic... High divorce
Role conflict... Role Strain
When 2 or more roles conflict eachother
Micro Level Reasons for People Postpon…
Single women don't want childcare... Ideal family changes
Macro Level Reasons for People Postpon…
Economic... High divorce
Chapter 2 Intimate Relationships
Define convenience sample
Define representative sample
Define volunteer bias
Define correlation
Using anyone who is readily available and who consents to par…
Participants resemble the entire population of people who are…
Of the people invited to participate, those who do may differ…
A correlation tells us that an association exists between twh…
Define convenience sample
Using anyone who is readily available and who consents to par…
Define representative sample
Participants resemble the entire population of people who are…
51 terms
Intimate Relationships exam 2
Equity in relationships:
How to manage shyness and loneliness:
The components of effective communicat…
What is the interpersonal gap:
-We seek equity, and if we're under benefitted, we're distres…
-Shyness: *Relax, care less what others think, work on self c…
-Self disclosure, honesty and leveling: (specific, authentic,…
-There often is discrepancy between what the sender intends t…
Equity in relationships:
-We seek equity, and if we're under benefitted, we're distres…
How to manage shyness and loneliness:
-Shyness: *Relax, care less what others think, work on self c…
Intimate Relationships Exam 2 Mizzou
Social Cognition
The Primary Effect
Confirmation Bias
Positive Illusions
the process of perception and judgement with which we make se…
tendency for the first info we receive about people to carry…
people who seek information that will prove them right rather…
seeing our partners in the best possible light
Social Cognition
the process of perception and judgement with which we make se…
The Primary Effect
tendency for the first info we receive about people to carry…
56 terms
Intimate Relationships #2
Perception
Expectations
Attribution
Assumptions
What you pay attention to
What we think will happen when we do something
How we explain actions
How we think relationships are
Perception
What you pay attention to
Expectations
What we think will happen when we do something
Intimate Relationships Ch. 2
relationship science
convenience sample
representative sample
independent variable (x)
-movies and books regarding relationships... -began to emerge pa…
-sample convenient for researcher to obtain... -uses whoever is…
-participants are representative of the entire population of…
what is varied/manipulated
relationship science
-movies and books regarding relationships... -began to emerge pa…
convenience sample
-sample convenient for researcher to obtain... -uses whoever is…
intimate relationships exam 2
Social Cognition
First Impressions
Stereotypes
Primacy Effect
Processes of perception and judgement with which we make sens…
Allows us to form judgments instantaneously. First 39 seconds…
Give us preconceptions of what others are like. Allow us to m…
Tendency for first information we receive about others to car…
Social Cognition
Processes of perception and judgement with which we make sens…
First Impressions
Allows us to form judgments instantaneously. First 39 seconds…
148 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam #2
Social Cognition
Stereotypes
The Primacy Effect
Confirmation Bias
Process of perception and judgment with which we make sense o…
Give us preconceptions of what people are like and allow us t…
Tendency for the first impression we receive about others to…
We tend to seek information that will prove us right rather t…
Social Cognition
Process of perception and judgment with which we make sense o…
Stereotypes
Give us preconceptions of what people are like and allow us t…
43 terms
Intimate relationships #2 Lester
Social Cognition-
First Impressions, what do we evaluate…
Stereotypes tell us what?
First impressions are influenced by wh…
process of perception and judgment with which we make sense o…
1 second: mood, attractiveness, likability, trustworthiness…
preconceptions about what people are like. they influence us…
Primacy effect- 1st piece of info will carry special weight.…
Social Cognition-
process of perception and judgment with which we make sense o…
First Impressions, what do we evaluate…
1 second: mood, attractiveness, likability, trustworthiness…
intimate relationships exam #2
cognition
feelings
Baucum& Epsteins's (1990) typology
perceptions
things that you think and consider
emotions- say after i feel..
perceptions, expectancies, attributions, assumptions, standar…
what we pay attention to-what we focus on when we meet/ inter…
cognition
things that you think and consider
feelings
emotions- say after i feel..
17 terms
Chapter 2 Intimate Relationships
Experiments
Validity
Reliability
Social Desirability bias
Provide straightforward information about causes and their ef…
Accurately measuring the events attempting to be measured
If events aren't changing, you should get the same results ti…
Distortion that results people's wishes to make a good impres…
Experiments
Provide straightforward information about causes and their ef…
Validity
Accurately measuring the events attempting to be measured
Intimate Relationships Quiz #2
Four Horsemen
Criticism
Defensiveness
Stonewalling
Criticism, Defensiveness, Stonewalling, Contempt
Horseman that attacks character and personality of partner, f…
Horseman that is unwilling to accept responsibility and blame…
Horseman that shuts the other partner out
Four Horsemen
Criticism, Defensiveness, Stonewalling, Contempt
Criticism
Horseman that attacks character and personality of partner, f…
119 terms
intimate relationships test #2
how do we make decisions about our rel…
social cognition
first 39 milliseconds
first 1/10 of a second
-social cognition... -how we think about our relationships
processes of perception and judgment with which we make sense…
can determine if they're angry
made judgement of attractiveness
how do we make decisions about our rel…
-social cognition... -how we think about our relationships
social cognition
processes of perception and judgment with which we make sense…
55 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam #2
Social Cognition
Within 5 second what impressions do we…
Perceptions
Primary Effect
Perception and judgements that we make sense on our social wo…
Mood, Attractiveness, Likeablility, Trustworthiness, personal…
The way you idealize your partner with positive illusions min…
The very first bit of information that carries on forever
Social Cognition
Perception and judgements that we make sense on our social wo…
Within 5 second what impressions do we…
Mood, Attractiveness, Likeablility, Trustworthiness, personal…
42 terms
Intimate Relationships Quiz #2
Dances of intimacy include three compo…
Attachment Anxiety
Spillover Anxiety
when faced with anxiety, we can respon…
communication... boundaries... specific barriers
tension and stress due to anticipation of loss of emotional c…
emotional responsiveness to another's stress or tension incre…
engage & grow... pursue/chase... distance/withdraw... attempt to contr…
Dances of intimacy include three compo…
communication... boundaries... specific barriers
Attachment Anxiety
tension and stress due to anticipation of loss of emotional c…
Intimate Relationships Exam #2
Social cognition
First impressions
Stereotypes
Primacy effect
The process of perception and judgment with which we make sen…
Have enormous staying power... Quick decisions... First 39 millisec…
Allows us to categorize people easily... Unconscious; time-savin…
Our first knowledge about someone carries more weight than la…
Social cognition
The process of perception and judgment with which we make sen…
First impressions
Have enormous staying power... Quick decisions... First 39 millisec…
80 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam #2
Perceptions
Expectations
Attributions
Assumptions
What you pay attention to
What we expect to happen when we engage in a particular behavor
How we explain behavior
How we think relationships in general are
Perceptions
What you pay attention to
Expectations
What we expect to happen when we engage in a particular behavor
73 terms
Intimate Relationships (Part 2)
How is intimacy a dance?
Affective Attunement
3 types of communication skills?
Expressive skills
-we are always interacting with others... -trouble asking for wh…
-equal responses to ALL expressions of affect... -blending of ex…
1. Expressive... 2. Receptive ... 3. Reflective
-clarity, congruence, depth... -What I say, what I'm expressing
How is intimacy a dance?
-we are always interacting with others... -trouble asking for wh…
Affective Attunement
-equal responses to ALL expressions of affect... -blending of ex…
intimate relationships unit 2
genetic probability of divorce
genetic probability of marriage
genetic probability of marital quality
largest personality effect on satisfac…
medium to lg effect (depending on study year)
large effect size
small to medium effect size
neuroticism r= -.26 (small effect)
genetic probability of divorce
medium to lg effect (depending on study year)
genetic probability of marriage
large effect size
intimate relationships exam 2
Social Cognition
First Impressions
Stereotypes
Primacy Effect
Processes of perception and judgement with which we make sens…
Allows us to form judgments instantaneously. First 39 seconds…
Give us preconceptions of what others are like. Allow us to m…
Tendency for first information we receive about others to car…
Social Cognition
Processes of perception and judgement with which we make sens…
First Impressions
Allows us to form judgments instantaneously. First 39 seconds…
16 terms
Intimate Relationships Lesson 2
convenience sample
representative sample
correlation
experiments
a research method where anyone who is readily available and w…
projects that use this sample strive to ensure that, collecti…
this allows us to answer the questions, "Do two events, x and…
provide straightforward information about causes and their ef…
convenience sample
a research method where anyone who is readily available and w…
representative sample
projects that use this sample strive to ensure that, collecti…
Intimate Relationships-Unit 2
social cognition
first impressions
mood... attractiveness... likability... trustwo…
personality ... intelligence
processes of perception and judgment with which we make sense…
first set of beliefs about someone
within 1 second of seeing someone, we evaluate ? (4)
within 5 seconds, we evaluate? (2)
social cognition
processes of perception and judgment with which we make sense…
first impressions
first set of beliefs about someone
13 terms
Intimate Relationships - Ch.2
Convenience Sample
Representative Sample
Correlation
Experiments
when researchers use anyone who is readily available and who…
when participants resemble the entire population of people wh…
descrive patterns in which change in one event is accompanied…
provide straightforward information about causes and their ef…
Convenience Sample
when researchers use anyone who is readily available and who…
Representative Sample
when participants resemble the entire population of people wh…
25 terms
Intimate Relationships: Chapter 2
_____ ______ _____ distortion that res…
The inspection of archival data used t…
Uses anyone who is readily available/c…
Ensures that a project's participants…
social desirability bias
does not change the behavior being studied
convenience sample
representative sample
_____ ______ _____ distortion that res…
social desirability bias
The inspection of archival data used t…
does not change the behavior being studied
intimate relationships exam 2
What is a relationship?
What makes a relationship intimate?
Universal Human Needs
Influences on intimate relationships
connection between two things.
-Knowledge... -Caring... -Interdependence... -Mutuality... -Commitment... -T…
-Survival... -Love/Acceptance... -Power(what you do matters to outs…
-Culture... -Experience/Attachment style... -Sex vs Gender... -Persona…
What is a relationship?
connection between two things.
What makes a relationship intimate?
-Knowledge... -Caring... -Interdependence... -Mutuality... -Commitment... -T…
85 terms
intimate relationships exam 2
social cognition
disillusionment
attributions
actor/observer effect
processes of perception and judgement with which we make sens…
genuinely fooling ourselves, imagining desirable qualities in…
identifies the cause of an event, emphasizing the impact of s…
partners generate different explanations for their own behavi…
social cognition
processes of perception and judgement with which we make sens…
disillusionment
genuinely fooling ourselves, imagining desirable qualities in…
53 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam 2
perception
expectations
attributions
actor-observer effect
what we pay attention to when interacting with someone else
thoughts about how people will respond to a given behavior
how we explain others' behaviors
when we do something positive, we justify it with a positive…
perception
what we pay attention to when interacting with someone else
expectations
thoughts about how people will respond to a given behavior
Intimate Relationships Chapter 2
When did relationship science regardin…
How are questions developed?
Two main types of questions
Bias that can be present in a represen…
Post WWII
- Personal experience... - Social problems... - Previous research
- Try to describe events... - Try to establish causal connections
Volunteer bias
When did relationship science regardin…
Post WWII
How are questions developed?
- Personal experience... - Social problems... - Previous research
58 terms
Intimate Relationships exam 2
What are the basic principles of Imago…
Imago 101
The unconscious purpose of marriage is…
Each partner is a mirror reflecting th…
1. The unconscious purpose of marriage is to finish childhood…
-Unconscious guide to a perfect match... -Forming since birth... -C…
a. Partners choose each other to get from each other what the…
a. Each partner will miss the parts of the other that were re…
What are the basic principles of Imago…
1. The unconscious purpose of marriage is to finish childhood…
Imago 101
-Unconscious guide to a perfect match... -Forming since birth... -C…
Intimate Relationships Test 2
boundaries
intrapersonal boundaries
interpersonal boundaries
boundary violations
the invisible lines we draw to differentiate ourselves from o…
determine how much an individual is willing to let others in…
the boundaries that govern relationships. They allow individu…
when other individuals, knowingly or unknowingly, trespass th…
boundaries
the invisible lines we draw to differentiate ourselves from o…
intrapersonal boundaries
determine how much an individual is willing to let others in…
174 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam 2
Attraction
Predictors of Attraction
Familiarity
Housing Study at MIT
The desire to approach or be with someone... We are attracted to…
Familiarity... Similarity... Reciprocity... Secrecy/Misattribution of…
Liking those we encounter frequently... -proximity: being physic…
friendships within a building are likely to decrease with dis…
Attraction
The desire to approach or be with someone... We are attracted to…
Predictors of Attraction
Familiarity... Similarity... Reciprocity... Secrecy/Misattribution of…
47 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam #2
social cognition
self concept
confirmation bias
primacy effect
processes of perception and judgment with which we make sense…
all of the beliefs & feelings we have about ourselves
seeking info about others that will prove us right rather tha…
tendency for the first info we receive about others to carry…
social cognition
processes of perception and judgment with which we make sense…
self concept
all of the beliefs & feelings we have about ourselves
50 terms
Intimate Relationships exam 2
Know about equity in relationships
How should you manage shyness
How should you manage loneliness
What are the components of effective c…
We seek equity, and if we're under-benefitted, we're distressed
Relax, care less about what people think, work on self- confi…
-Seek new friendships
-Verbal... -Non-verbal
Know about equity in relationships
We seek equity, and if we're under-benefitted, we're distressed
How should you manage shyness
Relax, care less about what people think, work on self- confi…
27 terms
Intimate Relationships Exam 2
What are the 7 characteristics of inti…
Which mental health problems are affec…
Between 1960 and today, which aspect o…
What are demographic trends in the U.S…
-knowledge... -interdependence... -caring... -trust... -responsibility... -m…
-Patients who had heart surgery and were satisfied with their…
-population of getting married has declined
-takes longer so people are older when they do get married... -m…
What are the 7 characteristics of inti…
-knowledge... -interdependence... -caring... -trust... -responsibility... -m…
Which mental health problems are affec…
-Patients who had heart surgery and were satisfied with their…
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