Study sets matching "intro dermatology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "intro dermatology"

73 terms
Introduction to Dermatology
Parakeratosis
Spongiosis
Macule
Patch
Retention of nuclei in the stratum corneum (outer layer).
Intercellular edema of the epidermis. Inflammation. Physicall…
Flat, even with the surface of surrounding skin. An area of c…
Large macule > 0.5 cm in diameter.
Parakeratosis
Retention of nuclei in the stratum corneum (outer layer).
Spongiosis
Intercellular edema of the epidermis. Inflammation. Physicall…
63 terms
Dermatology Introduction
Inspection THEN interview
Macule
Patch
Plaque
Technically, which should come first: inspection or the patie…
flat, <2cm in diameter
flat, >2cm in diameter
Plateau-like, >1cm
Inspection THEN interview
Technically, which should come first: inspection or the patie…
Macule
flat, <2cm in diameter
31 terms
Dermatology 1: Introduction to Dermatology
What are functions of skin? (9)
Epidermis... -function... -how does it grow…
List and describe the 4 layers of the…
Dermis... -what traits does it give to sk…
-synthesis of vit D... -communication - oestrus, camouflage, fri…
-waterproof barrier... -cells multiply at basal layer of epider…
basement membrane - anchors basal layer of the epidermis to t…
-flexibility, elasticity, toughness... -collagen, elastin, prot…
What are functions of skin? (9)
-synthesis of vit D... -communication - oestrus, camouflage, fri…
Epidermis... -function... -how does it grow…
-waterproof barrier... -cells multiply at basal layer of epider…
20 terms
Introduction to Dermatology
Macule
Patch
Papule
Plaque
A circumscribed, non-palpable spot up to 1 cm in diameter and…
Macule that is larger than 1 cm
A small, solid elevation up to 1 cm in diameter
A larger, flat topped elevation formed by the extension or co…
Macule
A circumscribed, non-palpable spot up to 1 cm in diameter and…
Patch
Macule that is larger than 1 cm
Introduction to Dermatology
Epidermis
Epidermal cell types
Epidermal layers (outermost to innermo…
Basement membrane zone
outermost layer made up of different cell types. Footpads hav…
Melanocytes (responsible for pigment)... Keratinocytes (skin cel…
Stratum Corneum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, stratu…
anchor for the epidermis to the dermis, also involved in woun…
Epidermis
outermost layer made up of different cell types. Footpads hav…
Epidermal cell types
Melanocytes (responsible for pigment)... Keratinocytes (skin cel…
Introduction to Dermatology
seborrheic keratosis clinical presenta…
dermatosis papulosa nigra
stucco keratoses
sign of Leser-Trelat
epidermal tumor... males = females, > 30... occurs anywhere except…
seborrheic keratosis type... seen in African descent... smaller/dar…
seborrheic keratosis type ... white papules seen on legs
having no keratoses and then accumualate many suddenly ... can i…
seborrheic keratosis clinical presenta…
epidermal tumor... males = females, > 30... occurs anywhere except…
dermatosis papulosa nigra
seborrheic keratosis type... seen in African descent... smaller/dar…
32 terms
Introduction to dermatology
Functions of the skin
Disease associated with stratum corneum
Disease associated with basement membr…
Disease associated with dermis
-barrier... -thermoregulation... -sensation... -social/psychological
-ichythyosis... -impetigo... -superficial fungal infections
-epidermolysis bullish... -pemphigold... -toxic epidermal necrolysis
scleroderma
Functions of the skin
-barrier... -thermoregulation... -sensation... -social/psychological
Disease associated with stratum corneum
-ichythyosis... -impetigo... -superficial fungal infections
Introduction to Dermatology
Papule
Plaque
Nodule
Cyst
Raised lesion... -Solid... -<0.5cm
Raised lesion... -plateau-like ... ->0.5cm
Raised lesion... -Round or elliptical ... **larger & deeper than a…
Raised lesion... -Cavity containing fluid... -Can be superficial or…
Papule
Raised lesion... -Solid... -<0.5cm
Plaque
Raised lesion... -plateau-like ... ->0.5cm
103 terms
Introduction to dermatology
Human skin
Functions of skin
Layers of skin
Structure of epidermis
1. Average adult surface area of 3000 in2... 2. Varies in thickn…
1. Protect against infection, desiccation, harmful light rays…
1. Epidermis... 2. Dermis... 3. Fat layer (subcutaneous layer)
1. Thinner, tough, outer portion of skin... 2. Consists of 4 lay…
Human skin
1. Average adult surface area of 3000 in2... 2. Varies in thickn…
Functions of skin
1. Protect against infection, desiccation, harmful light rays…
15 terms
Dermatology Introduction
Macule
Patch
Plaque
Papule
Definition:... Flat <5mm lesion
Definition:... Flat >5mm lesion
Definition:... Flat topped lesion
Definition:... Dome shaped lesion <5mm
Macule
Definition:... Flat <5mm lesion
Patch
Definition:... Flat >5mm lesion
Introduction to Dermatology
Effects on Drug Absorption
General Dermal Exam Points
Exam Flow-Inspection
Exam Flow- Palpation
Passive diffusion through stratum corneum... Increases hydration…
Private... Well lit ... Ask permission... Wear gloves
Color of skin... Lesion type... Shape... Area... Arrangment
Moisture... Temperature... Texture... Turgor... Lesion mobility
Effects on Drug Absorption
Passive diffusion through stratum corneum... Increases hydration…
General Dermal Exam Points
Private... Well lit ... Ask permission... Wear gloves
Introduction to Dermatology
What are the functions of the skin?
What are the five layers of the epider…
How long should a cycle take for cells…
Why is the management of skin disease…
Physical Barrier... Immunological Barrier... Regulates Temperature…
Stratum Corenum; haard protein capsule of dead cells... Stratum…
About a month
- Disease... - Disfigurement ... - Disability... - Depression... - Death
What are the functions of the skin?
Physical Barrier... Immunological Barrier... Regulates Temperature…
What are the five layers of the epider…
Stratum Corenum; haard protein capsule of dead cells... Stratum…
72 terms
Introduction to Dermatology
what is a macule?
what is a patch?
what is a papule?
what is a plaque?
flat lesion ... change in skin color... less than 2.0 cm ... ecchymos…
flat lesion... change in skin color... greater than 2.0 cm
elevated solid lesion ... less than 1 cm... minimal induration/dept…
elevated solid flat topped lesion... greater than 1 cm ... ex: ezc…
what is a macule?
flat lesion ... change in skin color... less than 2.0 cm ... ecchymos…
what is a patch?
flat lesion... change in skin color... greater than 2.0 cm
25 terms
Introduction to Dermatology
dermologie
16%
Desquamation
S. Corneum, S. Lucidum, S. Granulosum,…
It is the etymology of "dermatology".
Skin is __% of body weight.
It is the mechanism behind the shedding of epidermis.
Elucidate the five layers of skin.
dermologie
It is the etymology of "dermatology".
16%
Skin is __% of body weight.
74 terms
Introduction to Dermatology
Functions of the skin (5- B,T,N,I,A)
"Physical" Barrier as a function of th…
"immunologic" Barrier as a function of…
"Radiation" Barrier as a function of t…
Barrier: Physical, immunologic, Radiation... Temperature Regulat…
Physical- regulates water loss and protects against mechanica…
Senses and responds to pathogens. Dysfunction of the immunolo…
The dark pigment melanin protects cells against UV radiation
Functions of the skin (5- B,T,N,I,A)
Barrier: Physical, immunologic, Radiation... Temperature Regulat…
"Physical" Barrier as a function of th…
Physical- regulates water loss and protects against mechanica…
12 terms
Introduction to Dermatology
What is a macule?
What is a patch?
What is a papule?
What is a plaque?
Circumscribed change in color without elevation or depression…
A flat lesion larger than 1 cm. Vitiligo
Elevated area of the skin less than 1 cm
An elevated lesion larger than 1 cm
What is a macule?
Circumscribed change in color without elevation or depression…
What is a patch?
A flat lesion larger than 1 cm. Vitiligo
79 terms
Dermatology - Introduction ppt
Epidermis
Dermis
Functions of Skin
Basal lamina
Outer layer of ectodermal origin, made of stratified squamous…
Underlying layer of mesenchymal origin, adjacent to adipose t…
Protection, thermoregulation, immunologic response, barrier t…
basement layer joining the dermis and epidermis
Epidermis
Outer layer of ectodermal origin, made of stratified squamous…
Dermis
Underlying layer of mesenchymal origin, adjacent to adipose t…
28 terms
1 Introduction to Dermatology
Should you biopsy ruptured bullae, sec…
T or F: One limitation of a biopsy is…
What biopsy technique removes superfic…
What biopsy technique removes a core o…
no
T
shave biopsy
punch biopsy
Should you biopsy ruptured bullae, sec…
no
T or F: One limitation of a biopsy is…
T
51 terms
Introduction to Dermatology (Lecture 1)
How thick is the Stratum Cornea?
Three layers of skin
Layers of skin
What is the skin's main function?
Sheet of paper thickness
1) Epidermis... 2) Dermis... 3) Subcutaneous Layer
To regulate temperature
How thick is the Stratum Cornea?
Sheet of paper thickness
Three layers of skin
1) Epidermis... 2) Dermis... 3) Subcutaneous Layer
31 terms
CM #1: Introduction to Dermatology
What are the 4 functions of the skin?
Name the 3 layers of the skin.
Name the 4 layers of the epidermis.
Name the 3 types of cells in the epide…
1. Protection... 2. Sensory... 3. Synthesis of active Vitamin D…
1. epidermis... 2. dermis (inner layer)... 3. fat (between the sk…
All begin with stratum...... 1. Corneum: flat dead cells, no nu…
1. Keratinocytes (80%): produces keratin... 2. Melanocytes: pro…
What are the 4 functions of the skin?
1. Protection... 2. Sensory... 3. Synthesis of active Vitamin D…
Name the 3 layers of the skin.
1. epidermis... 2. dermis (inner layer)... 3. fat (between the sk…
47 terms
Introduction to Dermatology Terminology
keratinocyte differentiation
Basal layer
Spinous layer
Granular layer
move through the epidermis, they lose their attachment... -unde…
- Divides and provides living cells that migrate in upward an…
- desmosomal connection plaques form interconnections between…
- basophilic granules of keratohyalin and lipid components ... -…
keratinocyte differentiation
move through the epidermis, they lose their attachment... -unde…
Basal layer
- Divides and provides living cells that migrate in upward an…
Dermatology - Introduction PPT
Epidermis
Dermis
Functions of Skin
Basal lamina
Outer layer of ectodermal origin, made of stratified squamous…
Underlying layer of mesenchymal origin, adjacent to adipose t…
Protection, thermoregulation, immunologic response, barrier t…
basement layer joining the dermis and epidermis
Epidermis
Outer layer of ectodermal origin, made of stratified squamous…
Dermis
Underlying layer of mesenchymal origin, adjacent to adipose t…
23 terms
Introduction to Clinical Dermatology
photodistributed
Linear
macule
patch
when a rash is only in places where the sun hits, it is....
rash is in a line configuration
flat lesion without palpability, <1cm... FRECKLE
flat lesion without palpability, >1cm... BIRTHMARK
photodistributed
when a rash is only in places where the sun hits, it is....
Linear
rash is in a line configuration
Dermatology - Introduction PPT
Epidermis
Dermis
Functions of Skin
Basal lamina
Outer layer of ectodermal origin, made of stratified squamous…
Underlying layer of mesenchymal origin, adjacent to adipose t…
Protection, thermoregulation, immunologic response, barrier t…
basement layer joining the dermis and epidermis
Epidermis
Outer layer of ectodermal origin, made of stratified squamous…
Dermis
Underlying layer of mesenchymal origin, adjacent to adipose t…
Introduction to Dermatology PPT
What is the largest organ of the body?
True or False: The skin acts as a phys…
Skin is responsible for temperature re…
Name skin components
skin
True
insulation
-epidermis... -dermis... -sweat glands, oil glands, hair and nails…
What is the largest organ of the body?
skin
True or False: The skin acts as a phys…
True
21 terms
Introduction to Clinical Dermatology
morphology
1. careful visual and tactile inspecti…
macule
patch
describes form and structure of skin lesions
two steps in establishing morphology
flat, primary lesion... smaller than 1 cm
flat, primary lesion... larger than 1 cm
morphology
describes form and structure of skin lesions
1. careful visual and tactile inspecti…
two steps in establishing morphology
44 terms
Lecture 36 introduction to dermatology
Anatomic compartments of the skin and…
The epidermis
Major cell type in epidermis
Epidermolysis bullosa simplex
1. Epidermis: keratinocytes, melanocytes, Langerhans cells, M…
-responsible for establishing and maintaining a semi-permeabl…
-keratinocyte (~90%)... -derived from the embryonic ectoderm... -…
-keratin 5 or keratin 14 is dysfunctional due to a gene mutat…
Anatomic compartments of the skin and…
1. Epidermis: keratinocytes, melanocytes, Langerhans cells, M…
The epidermis
-responsible for establishing and maintaining a semi-permeabl…
139 terms
Introduction to Dermatology: Structure and Function
Epidermis Constituents
Dermis Constituents
Appendages
Subcutis Constituents
Keratinocytes, melanocytes, Langerhans cells, Merkel cells
ECM, fibroblasts, blood vessels, nerves, appendages
Hair, sebaceous glands, sweat glands
Technically not part of skin, includes adipose and connective…
Epidermis Constituents
Keratinocytes, melanocytes, Langerhans cells, Merkel cells
Dermis Constituents
ECM, fibroblasts, blood vessels, nerves, appendages
20 terms
Introduction to Dermatology and Overview of Dermatitis
Anti-Itch Items
Ointments
Creams
Pastes
Sarna (camphor and menthol)... Pramosome (pramoxine)... Calamine (z…
Occlusive/greasy... Increase potency of compound
"cooling", not as occlusive as ointments... Less potent than oin…
More drying than ointments... Less greasy
Anti-Itch Items
Sarna (camphor and menthol)... Pramosome (pramoxine)... Calamine (z…
Ointments
Occlusive/greasy... Increase potency of compound
1. Dermatology Introduction
What is the function of skin?
Why do pts come in?
What do you take in the history?
What do you look for in the physical e…
Protective barrier... Temperature regulation... Obtains sensory inf…
Healthy pt with incidental dermatologic finding... Pt coming in…
Duration and onset of lesions (days months years)... Relationshi…
General appearance of pt (well/ill)... Vital signs... 4 major chara…
What is the function of skin?
Protective barrier... Temperature regulation... Obtains sensory inf…
Why do pts come in?
Healthy pt with incidental dermatologic finding... Pt coming in…
67 terms
Medicine I: Introduction to Dermatology
Layers of the skin
Characteristics of Epidermis
Layers of Epidermis
Stratum Spinosum
-Epidermis... -Dermis... -Subcutaneous fat
-Top layer... -Makes new skin cells... -Gives skin color... -Protection
-Basal Cell Layer... -Stratum Spinosum... -Stratum Granulosum... -Stra…
-Layer of epidermis... -Langerhans Cells... -First layer of immune…
Layers of the skin
-Epidermis... -Dermis... -Subcutaneous fat
Characteristics of Epidermis
-Top layer... -Makes new skin cells... -Gives skin color... -Protection
Introduction to Dermatologic Surgery
Skin Cancer
NonMelanoma Skin Cancer (SCC, BCC)
Basal Cell Carcinoma... (BCC)
Morpheaform BCC
Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers, accounting f…
Both BCC and SCC have a better than 95% cure rate when detect…
80% of all non-melanoma skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma…
often has poorly defined borders ... The skin itself appears…
Skin Cancer
Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers, accounting f…
NonMelanoma Skin Cancer (SCC, BCC)
Both BCC and SCC have a better than 95% cure rate when detect…
Chapter 5 - Dermatology - brief introduction
skin or integument
protection
temperature regualation
sensation
is the largest organ in the body, weighing an average of 20 l…
is a continues two way barrier that prevents pathogens such a…
if the body is too hot, evaporation of sweat from glands and…
contains many different sensor receptors that send informatio…
skin or integument
is the largest organ in the body, weighing an average of 20 l…
protection
is a continues two way barrier that prevents pathogens such a…
103 terms
Introduction to Dermatology and the Epidermis
What is the weight of the skin? How mu…
What percentage of pediatric condition…
How many Fitzpatrick types are there?
What are the six types with respect to…
4 kg, 2 m^2
30%
6
1- always burn, never tan... 2 - easily burn, minimally tan... 3-in…
What is the weight of the skin? How mu…
4 kg, 2 m^2
What percentage of pediatric condition…
30%
23 terms
Veterinary Dermatology Introduction
What is a papule?
What is a plaque?
What is a pustule?
What is crust?
small solid elevation of the skin, full of inflammatory cells…
coalesced papules
larger elevation of skin, filled with purulent material and a…
a secondary lesion from irritation of primary lesion - dried…
What is a papule?
small solid elevation of the skin, full of inflammatory cells…
What is a plaque?
coalesced papules
Introduction to Dermatologic Pharmacology
layers of the epidermis
keratinocyte lifecycle
Melanocytes
Merkel cells
stratum corneum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, stratu…
made in the stratum basale, move outward as they mature and l…
synthesize melanin
receptor cells associated with neurons that sense pressure
layers of the epidermis
stratum corneum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, stratu…
keratinocyte lifecycle
made in the stratum basale, move outward as they mature and l…
Introduction to Dermatologic Products
Uses for Dermatological Products
Dermis can function in what 2 ways?
local half-life may be LESS or GREATER…
What non drug therapies can be used ad…
local and systemic disease
Dermis mostly acts as a barrier, but in some cases, it acts a…
Greater
UV, ultrasound, laser, heat
Uses for Dermatological Products
local and systemic disease
Dermis can function in what 2 ways?
Dermis mostly acts as a barrier, but in some cases, it acts a…
29 terms
Theme A: Introduction to Clinical Dermatology
What condition might present with scal…
What is psoriasis?
What are the risk factors for psoriasis?
How is psoriasis treated?
Psoriasis.
A chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin.... - A common, chro…
- Family history.... - History of atopic illness; eczema/hay-fev…
- Cutaneous hydration.... - Topical glucocorticoids.... - Vitamin D…
What condition might present with scal…
Psoriasis.
What is psoriasis?
A chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin.... - A common, chro…
94 terms
Dermatology; Introduction to Dermatology - Dr. Lyons - 5/11/2015
The ________ is the largest organ of t…
The skin accounts for approximately __…
What are the three layers of the skin?
What is the most superficial part of t…
skin
20%
Epidermis... Dermis... Hypodermis - subcutaneous fatty layer
dermal papillae
The ________ is the largest organ of t…
skin
The skin accounts for approximately __…
20%
MSK Week 1 - Introduction to Dermatology
What is the difference between the der…
What cells is the epidermis made of?
What is found underneath the dermis?
What are the two types of skin cells?
Epidermis is the superficial layer and dermis is the layer un…
Keratinocytes
Fat/skeletal muscle
Keratinocytes and melanocytes
What is the difference between the der…
Epidermis is the superficial layer and dermis is the layer un…
What cells is the epidermis made of?
Keratinocytes
29 terms
Theme A: Introduction to Clinical Dermatology
What condition might present with scal…
What is psoriasis?
What are the risk factors for psoriasis?
How is psoriasis treated?
Psoriasis.
A chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin.... - A common, chro…
- Family history.... - History of atopic illness; eczema/hay-fev…
- Cutaneous hydration.... - Topical glucocorticoids.... - Vitamin D…
What condition might present with scal…
Psoriasis.
What is psoriasis?
A chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin.... - A common, chro…
56 terms
Dermatology: Introduction (NYIT PA Fall 2015)
Normal skin flora
Pathogenic skin flora
If you have too much ___ in skin test…
What are the 3 layers of the skin? (su…
Staph epidermidis... Coagulase-negative staph... Propionibacterium…
Staph aureus... Strep pyogenes
Staph epidermidis
Epidermis... Dermis... Hypodermis
Normal skin flora
Staph epidermidis... Coagulase-negative staph... Propionibacterium…
Pathogenic skin flora
Staph aureus... Strep pyogenes
Introduction to Dermatology Case Clerking & Physical Signs
List the 5 Functions of Skin
List the 5 Layers of the Skin
What is the dermis composed of?
Name the adnexal structures
1) Barrier Function ... 2) Temperature Regulation... 3) UV Protecti…
1) Stratum corneum... - Compact keratin ... 2) Epidermis ... - Kerati…
1) Collagen/elastic tissue ... 2) Neurovascular bundles ... 3) Adne…
Hair follicles, Hair ... Sweat Glands ... Sebaceous Glands ... Nails
List the 5 Functions of Skin
1) Barrier Function ... 2) Temperature Regulation... 3) UV Protecti…
List the 5 Layers of the Skin
1) Stratum corneum... - Compact keratin ... 2) Epidermis ... - Kerati…
Dermatology - Introduction to Skin Structure and Immune Function
What is the first component of the ski…
How might you differentiate between a…
What are 3 key benefits of the microbi…
What is the human cell type to signal…
The microbiome
If the patient's skin is dry, it is likely cosmetic.... If the…
1. Help limit growth of pathogens (e.g. staph epidermis makes…
Keratinocytes! They are equipped with immune machinery and ca…
What is the first component of the ski…
The microbiome
How might you differentiate between a…
If the patient's skin is dry, it is likely cosmetic.... If the…
Dermatology Intro
What % of body weight is skin?
How long does 1 cell live?
What is the most common skin malignancy?
3 layers of the skin
12-15%
~28 days
nonmelanoma skin cancers... ->850,000 new cases annually... ->5,000…
1. Epidermis (basement membrane/basal layer)... 2. Dermis... 3. Sub…
What % of body weight is skin?
12-15%
How long does 1 cell live?
~28 days
71 terms
Dermatology-Intro Lecture
Approach to Dermatological Diagnosis
Bumps & blemishes
Dangerous Lesions
Primary Lesions
The changes are incidental findings in well individuals noted…
Harmless skin changes that are danger to the pt
Not noted by the pt, but that can NOT be overlook by the prov…
Lesions or changes in the skin; develop initially in response…
Approach to Dermatological Diagnosis
The changes are incidental findings in well individuals noted…
Bumps & blemishes
Harmless skin changes that are danger to the pt
39 terms
Intro to Med I - Dermatology - Skin Lesions
primary skin lesion
secondary skin lesion
macule
macule
- initial lesions... - first to appear
- lesions resulting in changes from the primary lesion
- primary lesion... - flat, circumscribed discoloration/change i…
primary skin lesion
- initial lesions... - first to appear
secondary skin lesion
- lesions resulting in changes from the primary lesion
36 terms
Intro to Med I - Dermatology - Viral Skin Diseases
chickenpox
shingles
warts
non-genital warts
varicella virus causes
the reactivation of the varicella virus along a skin dematome
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the responsible agent with ove…
common, periungual, flat, filiform, and plantar types
chickenpox
varicella virus causes
shingles
the reactivation of the varicella virus along a skin dematome
29 terms
Intro to Med I - Dermatology - Bacterial Skin Infections
impetigo
impetigo
impetigo
bullous impetigo
superficial infection of the epidermis characterized by crust…
- confluent lesions, mostly on the nose, cheek, lips, and chi…
- less contagious... - affects face, and also extremities, axill…
impetigo
superficial infection of the epidermis characterized by crust…
impetigo
- confluent lesions, mostly on the nose, cheek, lips, and chi…
96 terms
Dermatology
Acanthosis
Acantholysis
Ectodermal dysplasia
Hyperkeratosis
___ is an increased thickness of the prickle cell ... layer of…
___ is a degeneration of the cohesive elements of the cells o…
___ ___ is a hereditary disorder... with manifestations of abno…
___ is a thickening of the keratin layer of the skin. You'll…
Acanthosis
___ is an increased thickness of the prickle cell ... layer of…
Acantholysis
___ is a degeneration of the cohesive elements of the cells o…
1 of 10