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Study sets matching "intro ekg"

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Study sets matching "intro ekg"

11 terms
Introduction to EKG
_______________ is the process of reco…
The _______________ detect the tiny el…
An EKG conveys a large amount of infor…
EKG is a german acronym for __________…
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG)
electrodes
structure of the heart/function of its electrical conduction…
electrokardiogram
_______________ is the process of reco…
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG)
The _______________ detect the tiny el…
electrodes
43 terms
EKG introduction Lesson 1
.12-.20
atria contract, depol of AV, BB, Purki…
T wave
.04-.10
Normal PR interval measures?
What happens during PR segment?
Where do the ventricles repolarize?
Normal QRS complex measures?
.12-.20
Normal PR interval measures?
atria contract, depol of AV, BB, Purki…
What happens during PR segment?
33 terms
EKG introduction
Systemic way to read EKG
What is an EKG?
Cardiac conducting system
Limb I
Rate... Intervals (3)... Axis... Rhythm... P waves... QRS waves... T (and U) wa…
ElectroKardioGram (EKG)... Electrocardiogram (ECG)... 12 leads... 6 li…
SA-soure of automaticity, starts heart beat-> goes through at…
Comparing right and left arm... Left is positive... Depolarization…
Systemic way to read EKG
Rate... Intervals (3)... Axis... Rhythm... P waves... QRS waves... T (and U) wa…
What is an EKG?
ElectroKardioGram (EKG)... Electrocardiogram (ECG)... 12 leads... 6 li…
92 terms
EKG Introduction
Phase 0
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Rapid sodium influx with some calcium influx (Depolarization).
Slight potassium efflux with chloride influx (Slight repolari…
Slow calcium influx with some potassium efflux (No voltage ch…
Potassium efflux (Repolarization)
Phase 0
Rapid sodium influx with some calcium influx (Depolarization).
Phase 1
Slight potassium efflux with chloride influx (Slight repolari…
Introduction to EKG
Class Grading
Agenda 8/26
Electrocardiogram
Cardiac arrest
20% quizzes (10 out of 11 quizzes 2% each)... 25% Exam 1 50 MCQ…
Overview, conduction, leads PQRST, Systematic Approach
Graphic representation of the heart's electrical activity... Th…
Occurs when the heart malfunctions and stops beating unexpect…
Class Grading
20% quizzes (10 out of 11 quizzes 2% each)... 25% Exam 1 50 MCQ…
Agenda 8/26
Overview, conduction, leads PQRST, Systematic Approach
25 terms
Introduction to EKG
Are cardiac cells polarized or unpolar…
After depolarization, the cardiac cell…
What are the two basic types of cells…
What cells make up the majority of the…
Polarized (insides are negatively charged with respect to the…
Repolarization
- Myocardial cells: Working cells. The contractile machinery…
Myocardial/ Working cells
Are cardiac cells polarized or unpolar…
Polarized (insides are negatively charged with respect to the…
After depolarization, the cardiac cell…
Repolarization
87 terms
Introduction to EKG
EKG is an abbreviation for...
ECG is an abbreviation for...
EKG
automaticity
Elektrokardiogramm
Electrocardiogram
a recording of the heart's electrical activity
produce impulse without outside stimulation
EKG is an abbreviation for...
Elektrokardiogramm
ECG is an abbreviation for...
Electrocardiogram
17 terms
EKG Introduction
Electrocardiograph
Electrocardiogram
Electrocardiography
arrhythmia
instrument used to record the electrical activity of the heart
record of the electrical activity of the heart
the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart
abnormal heart beat or rhythm
Electrocardiograph
instrument used to record the electrical activity of the heart
Electrocardiogram
record of the electrical activity of the heart
26 terms
EKG Introduction
60-100
yes
50-60
20-40
How many times does a heart beat per minute?
can cardiac muscle generate it's own signal, unlike skeletal…
how many times a minute does atrial tissue contract?
how many times will ventricular tissue contract a minute?
60-100
How many times does a heart beat per minute?
yes
can cardiac muscle generate it's own signal, unlike skeletal…
35 terms
EKG Introduction
Type Ia
Type Ib
Type Ic
Type II
Slow rise of phase 0... Prolongation of phase 3
Slow rise of phase 0... Shortening of phase 3
Extremely slow rise of phase 0... No effect on phase 3
Reduce slope of phase 4
Type Ia
Slow rise of phase 0... Prolongation of phase 3
Type Ib
Slow rise of phase 0... Shortening of phase 3
21 terms
EKG Introduction
Normal Contraction (bpm)
What regulates the signal (cardiac con…
Skeletal vs Cardiac
Contraction of Atrial Tissue
60-100
Cardiac muscle
Cardiac can generate its own signal to contract
50-60 pm
Normal Contraction (bpm)
60-100
What regulates the signal (cardiac con…
Cardiac muscle
71 terms
EKG Introduction
Where can pacemaker cells be found?
Do all myocytes have pacemaker capabil…
What is the intrinsic rate of the SA n…
What is the intrinsic rate of the atri…
Anywhere in the conduction system
They sure do.
60-100
60-75
Where can pacemaker cells be found?
Anywhere in the conduction system
Do all myocytes have pacemaker capabil…
They sure do.
26 terms
EKG Introduction
60-100
yes
50-60
20-40
How many times does a heart beat per minute?
can cardiac muscle generate it's own signal, unlike skeletal…
how many times a minute does atrial tissue contract?
how many times will ventricular tissue contract a minute?
60-100
How many times does a heart beat per minute?
yes
can cardiac muscle generate it's own signal, unlike skeletal…
57 terms
introduction to EKG
excitability
inherent rhymicity
conductivity
contractility
responsive to electrical, chemical and mechanical stiumli
originates its own impulse from pacemaker or nodal tissue
propagates electrical impulse ... rate vary for different tissues
all cardiac tissue is capable of contracting
excitability
responsive to electrical, chemical and mechanical stiumli
inherent rhymicity
originates its own impulse from pacemaker or nodal tissue
29 terms
EKG introduction
Normally, how many times does the hear…
Do cardiac muscles need to be stimulat…
About how many times do artial tissues…
About how many times do ventricular ti…
60-100 times
No they can generate their own signal
50-60
20-40
Normally, how many times does the hear…
60-100 times
Do cardiac muscles need to be stimulat…
No they can generate their own signal
Introduction to EKG
Electrical properties of the Heart
Depolarization
Repolarization
SA Node Intrinsic Rate
Automaticity... Excitability... Conductivity... Contractility
wave of electrical activity that stimulates muscle cells to c…
cells return to original balanced state of electrical charge…
60-100 bpm
Electrical properties of the Heart
Automaticity... Excitability... Conductivity... Contractility
Depolarization
wave of electrical activity that stimulates muscle cells to c…
23 terms
Introduction to EKG
What does an EKG measure?
What is automaticity?
What is excitability?
What is conductivity?
Electrical activity of the heart.
The ability of a cell to produce an electrical impulse withou…
The ability of a cell to respond to an electrical stimulus.
The ability of a cell to transmit an electrical signal to ano…
What does an EKG measure?
Electrical activity of the heart.
What is automaticity?
The ability of a cell to produce an electrical impulse withou…
22 terms
Introduction to EKGs
Myocardial (Mechanical) Cells
Pacemaker (Electrical) Cells
Pacemaker (Electrical) Cells Control
Sinoatrial Node
Myocardium contraction= contractility, conductivity, and exte…
Pacemaker & conduction system
Automaticity, excitability & depolarization, conductivity.
Electrical impulses 60-100 beats per minute. P wave on ECG
Myocardial (Mechanical) Cells
Myocardium contraction= contractility, conductivity, and exte…
Pacemaker (Electrical) Cells
Pacemaker & conduction system
18 terms
Introduction to EKGs
P wave
PR segment
QRS wave
Which ions contribute to ventricular r…
SA to AV node... Atrium
AV node is so well insulated, which is why you don't see anyt…
Represents ventricular depolarization (sodium)
Ca++ and K+
P wave
SA to AV node... Atrium
PR segment
AV node is so well insulated, which is why you don't see anyt…
93 terms
Chapter 5: EKG Introduction
Which of the following is the instrume…
which of the following is the graphica…
Which of the following is a procedure…
another name for exercise stress test…
electrocardiograph
electrocardiogram
electrocardiography
telemetry
Which of the following is the instrume…
electrocardiograph
which of the following is the graphica…
electrocardiogram
43 terms
EKG introduction Lesson 1
.12-.20
atria contract, depol of AV, BB, Purki…
T wave
.04-.10
Normal PR interval measures?
What happens during PR segment?
Where do the ventricles repolarize?
Normal QRS complex measures?
.12-.20
Normal PR interval measures?
atria contract, depol of AV, BB, Purki…
What happens during PR segment?
14 terms
Introduction to EKG & 12 Lead EKG
What makes up a 12-lead normal EKG?
What is the direction of the depolariz…
Which components determine a vector?
Einthoven's Triangle
- 3 standard... - 3 augmented... - 6 chest
septum--> apex... --> QR part
- size... - direction
- lead I... - lead II... - lead III
What makes up a 12-lead normal EKG?
- 3 standard... - 3 augmented... - 6 chest
What is the direction of the depolariz…
septum--> apex... --> QR part
43 terms
EKG introduction Lesson 1
.12-.20
atria contract, depol of AV, BB, Purki…
T wave
.04-.10
Normal PR interval measures?
What happens during PR segment?
Where do the ventricles repolarize?
Normal QRS complex measures?
.12-.20
Normal PR interval measures?
atria contract, depol of AV, BB, Purki…
What happens during PR segment?
31 terms
D2: Introduction to EKG
What is an EKG/ECG?
What is Eintoven's triangle? What is t…
Which electrical events do the various…
What is a U wave and what might it ind…
It is a visual depiction measuring the heart's electrical act…
It is the placement of limb leads on the body in a particular…
The P wave corresponds to atrial depolarization, with the imp…
A U wave is small positive deflection after the T wave. It co…
What is an EKG/ECG?
It is a visual depiction measuring the heart's electrical act…
What is Eintoven's triangle? What is t…
It is the placement of limb leads on the body in a particular…
48 terms
Introduction to ECG (EKG)
myocardial cells (contractility)
pacemaker (electrical) cells regulate…
ability of the myocardial cells to spo…
ability of myocardial cells to respond…
myocardium contraction = contractility, conductivity, and ext…
automaticity ... excitability and depolarization ... conductivity
automaticity
excitability
myocardial cells (contractility)
myocardium contraction = contractility, conductivity, and ext…
pacemaker (electrical) cells regulate…
automaticity ... excitability and depolarization ... conductivity
102 terms
Chapter 5: EKG Introduction
1. Which of the following is the instr…
2. Which of the following is the graph…
4. Another name for an exercise stress…
5. Which of the following is the type…
B
A
A
D
1. Which of the following is the instr…
B
2. Which of the following is the graph…
A
33 terms
Introduction part of Cardiac EKG
The RT ventricle dominates the
The LT ventricle dominates the
P wave in the EKG represents
What does the P wave also indicate
Anterior Visual view
Electrical view
atrial depolorization
Transmission of impulse in the internodal pathway... The backman…
The RT ventricle dominates the
Anterior Visual view
The LT ventricle dominates the
Electrical view
38 terms
Introduction to EKG Interpretation I and II
Limb Leads... How many Limb Leads are th…
Chest Leads Placement... Where does V1 g…
What are the components found in the W…
EKG paper?... What do the small squares…
There are 6 Limb Leads... I, II, III, aVL, aVR, aVF... Precordial…
V1 is placed at the 4th R intercostal space at the sternal bo…
Used to measure the electrical activity of the heart. ... They…
Limb Leads... How many Limb Leads are th…
There are 6 Limb Leads... I, II, III, aVL, aVR, aVF... Precordial…
Chest Leads Placement... Where does V1 g…
V1 is placed at the 4th R intercostal space at the sternal bo…
14 terms
Introduction to Basic EKG powerpoint
electrocardiogram (ECG)
Where are pulses generated?
ECG paper (individual square)
ECG paper (5 squares)
is the graphic depiction of the electrical activity of the he…
the SA node
0.04 sec
0.20 sec
electrocardiogram (ECG)
is the graphic depiction of the electrical activity of the he…
Where are pulses generated?
the SA node
77 terms
DM: EKG Introduction (Test 1)
Cells are (Polarized/Depolarized) in "…
Interior cells are (negative/positive)…
During the polarized state, ____ is in…
Cells are (Polarized/Depolarized) in "…
Polarized
negative
Potassium is inside... Sodium is outside
Depolarized
Cells are (Polarized/Depolarized) in "…
Polarized
Interior cells are (negative/positive)…
negative
38 terms
Introduction to EKG Interpretation I and II
Limb Leads... How many Limb Leads are th…
Chest Leads Placement... Where does V1 g…
What are the components found in the W…
EKG paper?... What do the small squares…
There are 6 Limb Leads... I, II, III, aVL, aVR, aVF... Precordial…
V1 is placed at the 4th R intercostal space at the sternal bo…
Used to measure the electrical activity of the heart. ... They…
Limb Leads... How many Limb Leads are th…
There are 6 Limb Leads... I, II, III, aVL, aVR, aVF... Precordial…
Chest Leads Placement... Where does V1 g…
V1 is placed at the 4th R intercostal space at the sternal bo…
50 terms
Certified EKG Technician (CET) Introduction
Vessels
Right Coronary Arterty
Sinoatrial Node Artery
Atrioventricular Node Artery
The coronary circulation is a passive, low-pressure system. T…
The right coronary artery (RCA) is one of two main arteries t…
The sinoatrial artery supplies the sinoatrial node. Occlusion…
The atrioventricular (AV) node is perfused by the atrioventri…
Vessels
The coronary circulation is a passive, low-pressure system. T…
Right Coronary Arterty
The right coronary artery (RCA) is one of two main arteries t…
24 terms
Chapter 1: Introduction of Electrocardiogram (EKG/ECG)
Electrocardiogram
Electrodes
Myocardial infarction
Willem Einthoven
Diagnostic test, performed at the bedside, that assists in th…
Electrical activity within the heart is observed by means of…
A EKG looks at all angles of the electrical conduction system…
Introduce the EKG in 1903
Electrocardiogram
Diagnostic test, performed at the bedside, that assists in th…
Electrodes
Electrical activity within the heart is observed by means of…
132 terms
Introductions to EKG's
ST Elevation
During an acute MI what size are the T…
When does the ST segment become elevat…
When happens hours to days after the MI?
Commonly represents myocardial injury but can also be seen wi…
Tall peaked T waves
minutes to an hour after the MI.
T waves usually become inverted and Q waves may develop.
ST Elevation
Commonly represents myocardial injury but can also be seen wi…
During an acute MI what size are the T…
Tall peaked T waves
79 terms
INTRODUCTION TO EKG (SINUS RHYTHMS) BLOCK 4 PTI
Electrical event = ?
Describe the state of a cell when it i…
Depolarization
Is depolarization rapid and stable ?
Action potential
No action taking place... Potassium inside cell K+... Sodium Na+ on…
Cell membrane becomes more permeable... Sodium and calcium rush…
Yes
Electrical event = ?
Action potential
Describe the state of a cell when it i…
No action taking place... Potassium inside cell K+... Sodium Na+ on…
42 terms
PTI Block 4 - introduction to EKG (1/21/16)
Flatline
Na and Ca
K
Rapid/stable
What does the EKG show when cell is in "polarized" state. No…
What rushes into cells during depolarization
What leaks out during depolarization
Is depolarization rapid/stable or slow/unstable
Flatline
What does the EKG show when cell is in "polarized" state. No…
Na and Ca
What rushes into cells during depolarization
17 terms
EKG Strips
Normal Sinus Rhythm
Sinus Bradycardia
Sinus Tachycardia
Ventricular Tachycardia
Normal Sinus Rhythm
Sinus Bradycardia
14 terms
Chapter 5 -- EKG Tools
Using Calipers: Place one of the pins…
Using Calipers: _______________ the di…
Using Calipers: You can use calipers t…
Using Calipers: If you do not have cal…
beginning/end
Transfer
distance
straight edge on a piece of paper
Using Calipers: Place one of the pins…
beginning/end
Using Calipers: _______________ the di…
Transfer
11 terms
EKG's
Normal Sinus
Sinus Tachycardia
Sinus Bradycardia
First Degree Heart Block
Normal Sinus
Sinus Tachycardia
Intro to EKG chapter 1
location of the heart
top of the heart is the
bottom of the heart is the
epicardium
in the thoracic cavity in the mediastinum, above the diaphrag…
base
apex
outermost layer, contains coronary arteries
location of the heart
in the thoracic cavity in the mediastinum, above the diaphrag…
top of the heart is the
base
11 terms
Intrinsic Pathway - Intro to EKG
This is the heart's Natural Pacemaker
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
SA Node
SA Node
Intrinsic pathway
AV Node
This is the heart's Natural Pacemaker
SA Node
Step 1
SA Node
41 terms
Chapter 4 -- The Actual EKG: Paper and Ink
EKG paper passes under the pen at a ra…
Each little box on an EKG is therefore…
One big box is made up of 5 little box…
So 5 big boxes makes _______________.
25mm/sec
0.04 seconds
0.20 seconds
1 second
EKG paper passes under the pen at a ra…
25mm/sec
Each little box on an EKG is therefore…
0.04 seconds
58 terms
Understanding EKG -Strips
Wolff-Parkinson-White
Asystole
Atrial fibrillation
Accelerated Idioventricular rhythm
Which syndrome is this wave part of?
Which rhythm is this?
Which rhythm is this?
Which rhythm is this?
Wolff-Parkinson-White
Which syndrome is this wave part of?
Asystole
Which rhythm is this?
65 terms
Rhythms - Intro to EKG
Define: NSR
NSR: Heart rate
NSR: Rhythm
NSR: P-wave
Normal Sinus Rhythm
60 - 100 bpm
Regular
Present/Upright
Define: NSR
Normal Sinus Rhythm
NSR: Heart rate
60 - 100 bpm
45 terms
More Rhythms - Intro to EKG
Bundle Branch Block is also known as
HR: BBB
Rhythm: BBB
P-wave: BBB
BBB
60-100 bpm
Regular
Present... Upright
Bundle Branch Block is also known as
BBB
HR: BBB
60-100 bpm
16 terms
Circulation of Blood - Intro to EKG
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Superior and inferior vena cava... Non-oxygenated enters the heart
Right atrium
Tricuspid valve
Right ventricle
Step 1
Superior and inferior vena cava... Non-oxygenated enters the heart
Step 2
Right atrium
63 terms
Atrioventricular Blocks - Intro to EKG
Where's the problem?
1° AV Block: Heart rate
1° AV Block: Rhythm
1° AV Block: P-wave
AV Node
60-100 bpm
Regular
Present/Upright
Where's the problem?
AV Node
1° AV Block: Heart rate
60-100 bpm
16 terms
How to Interpret an EKG - Intro to EKG
Step 1: Heart rate (bpm)
Step 2: Rhythm (regular or irregular)
Step 3: P-wave (present/upright)
If the P-wave isn't prevent/upright, i…
Measure from R to R ... Or from S to S
Regular: distance between R-waves is equal
If not, not present/inverted
the SA Node is not working
Step 1: Heart rate (bpm)
Measure from R to R ... Or from S to S
Step 2: Rhythm (regular or irregular)
Regular: distance between R-waves is equal
79 terms
Rapid Interpretation of EKGs - Intro to EKG
What does EKG stand for?
What is an EKG?
Name some the functions you can learn…
T/F: Every person has their unique and…
electrocardiogram
Records the electrical activity of the heart
heart rate... rhythm... size... function of the chambers and valves... ca…
True
What does EKG stand for?
electrocardiogram
What is an EKG?
Records the electrical activity of the heart
86 terms
EKG (test #1)
electrocardiogram
cardiac arrest
heart attack
False
EKG stands for?
_______ __________ occurs when the heart malfunctions and sto…
______ _________ occurs when blood flow to the heart is block…
almost all heart attacks lead to cardiac arrest(T/F)
electrocardiogram
EKG stands for?
cardiac arrest
_______ __________ occurs when the heart malfunctions and sto…
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