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Study sets matching "intro to cells biology"

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Study sets matching "intro to cells biology"

10 terms
Biology- Introduction to Cells
Organism
Cell Membrane
Cell
organelle
a living thing
a thin, soft outside surface of an animal cell... can also be fo…
the smallest part of a living thing that can carry out all th…
any part of a cell that has its own job
Organism
a living thing
Cell Membrane
a thin, soft outside surface of an animal cell... can also be fo…
67 terms
Introduction to Cell Biology
Who gained credit for discover the bui…
What was Hooke looking at when he made…
Cell comes from what Latin word?
Even though Hooke though he was lookin…
Robert C. Hooke
A thin slice of bottle cork under a course, compound microsco…
Cella, meaning "a small room"
empty cell walls of plant tissue
Who gained credit for discover the bui…
Robert C. Hooke
What was Hooke looking at when he made…
A thin slice of bottle cork under a course, compound microsco…
28 terms
Cell Biology Introduction
biology
primordial soup
zoology
botany
the study of life and living organisms
the theory that life began in a pond or ocean as a result of…
the study of animals and animal behavior
the study of plants and plant life
biology
the study of life and living organisms
primordial soup
the theory that life began in a pond or ocean as a result of…
18 terms
Cell Biology; Introduction
Level Of Organisation
Cell theory
Composition of a Cell
Elements that composed of a cell
Describes how organism is being organised. Atoms-molecules-co…
All organism are made up of one or more cells.... Cells are the…
Cells are 90% water and 10% made up of:... -Carbohydrates 5%... -Li…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and phosphorus and sulfur.
Level Of Organisation
Describes how organism is being organised. Atoms-molecules-co…
Cell theory
All organism are made up of one or more cells.... Cells are the…
46 terms
Eisenmann-Introduction to Cell Biology
0.2 µm
the smallest distance between 2 partic…
100 µm
mitochondria
what is the smallest cell size that can be seen with a light…
resolving power
what is the limit of the resolving power of the human eye?
what is the smallest organelle that can be observed using a l…
0.2 µm
what is the smallest cell size that can be seen with a light…
the smallest distance between 2 partic…
resolving power
21 terms
Introduction to Cells Biology
prokaryote
eukaryote
cell
animal cell
major type of cells that has a cell membrane but the cell's D…
major type of cells that has a cell membrane but the cell's D…
...
...
prokaryote
major type of cells that has a cell membrane but the cell's D…
eukaryote
major type of cells that has a cell membrane but the cell's D…
28 terms
Introduction to Biology - Life and Cells!
Biology
7 Characteristics of Life
Organism
Cells
The study of life.
The characteristics that determine whether something is alive…
A living thing.
The basic building blocks of life. All living things are made…
Biology
The study of life.
7 Characteristics of Life
The characteristics that determine whether something is alive…
53 terms
Cellular Biology: Introduction to Cells
Define "Theory"
The 3 Points to the Cell Theory
Despite size and shape, list 4 feature…
Function of Eyepiece; 10x
A way of interpreting the natural world which allows us to ma…
1. Cells are the fundamental building blocks of all living or…
1. Surrounded by a membrane, compartmentalized.... 2. Genetic ma…
where you look through to see the image of the specimen
Define "Theory"
A way of interpreting the natural world which allows us to ma…
The 3 Points to the Cell Theory
1. Cells are the fundamental building blocks of all living or…
49 terms
Introduction to Cell Biology / Preview of the Cell
Can life and living be defined?
Reductionist scientific approach
What was the first "omic" approach
5 Basic characteristics of life:
The science of biology provides an... intellectual framework for…
knowledge of the parts of the whole can describe the characte…
"genomics" -developed out of the sequencing of the... human geno…
Cellular organization... Metabolism... Homeostasis... Reproduction... Her…
Can life and living be defined?
The science of biology provides an... intellectual framework for…
Reductionist scientific approach
knowledge of the parts of the whole can describe the characte…
13 terms
Introduction to Cell Biology
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
1665, saw cells in pieces of cork; came up with the term "cel…
1674, first to see living cells in pond water
1883, proposed that all plants are made of cells
1839, first to hypothesize that all living things are made of…
Robert Hooke
1665, saw cells in pieces of cork; came up with the term "cel…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
1674, first to see living cells in pond water
13 terms
Cell Biology- Introduction to cells
What are the six functions of life?
What is the approximate size of a bact…
Why are cells no longer than a few hun…
Is the rate of metabolism of a cell de…
- Metabolism- the chemical processes the occur within a livin…
- Bacteria- aprox. 1-5 micrometers ... - Animal cells- aprox. 5-…
- cell size is limited by volume to surface area ratio- as th…
The rate of metabolism of a cell is not directly related to t…
What are the six functions of life?
- Metabolism- the chemical processes the occur within a livin…
What is the approximate size of a bact…
- Bacteria- aprox. 1-5 micrometers ... - Animal cells- aprox. 5-…
61 terms
introduction to cells biology
What shape are plant cells and animal…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Plant cells are box-shaped and more structured... Animal cells a…
- Separates the cell from its surroundings... - Regulates what e…
-Contains DNA and controls cell division
-Assembly of ribosomes begin here
What shape are plant cells and animal…
Plant cells are box-shaped and more structured... Animal cells a…
Cell Membrane
- Separates the cell from its surroundings... - Regulates what e…
13 terms
Introduction to cell biology
Cyto
Definition of a cell
All living entities must:
Phagocytosis
Cell
A small unit bound by a plasma membrane or cell wall. Contain…
-harness energy... -respire ... -grow and develop... -reproduce (bioge…
"Cell eating". Process of taking materials into the cell
Cyto
Cell
Definition of a cell
A small unit bound by a plasma membrane or cell wall. Contain…
28 terms
Biology: Introduction to Cells
characteristics of living things (7)
cells are the ________ of organisms
cells can only be observed under a
basic types of cells (3)
made up of cells... able to reproduce ... able to obtain and use en…
basic units
microscope
animal ... plant ... bacterial
characteristics of living things (7)
made up of cells... able to reproduce ... able to obtain and use en…
cells are the ________ of organisms
basic units
7 terms
Biology- Introduction to Cells
Cell Theory
Organelle
Prokaryote Cells
Eukaryote Cells
1. All organisms are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic uni…
Part of a cell that has a specialized job or function (riboso…
-Do not have a nucleus and lack most other organelles. They d…
-Do have a nucleus and many other organelles... -Examples: anima…
Cell Theory
1. All organisms are made of cells... 2. Cells are the basic uni…
Organelle
Part of a cell that has a specialized job or function (riboso…
6 terms
Biology- Introduction to cells
Why study cells?
Robert Hook
Cell Theory
Cell Types
Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ System-Organisms
discovered cells
1. Every living thing is made up of one or more cells.... 2. The…
1. Prokaryotic Cells... 2. Eukaryotic Cells
Why study cells?
Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ System-Organisms
Robert Hook
discovered cells
12 terms
Cell Biology, Introduction
Leeuwenhoek and Hooke, cell theory
Brown, cell theory
Schleiden and Schwann, cell theory
Virchow, cell theory
Selected microbes, plants, and animals are composed of units…
The nucleus defines a plant cell.
All organisms are composed of cells; the cell is the basic un…
All cells come from pre-existing cells.
Leeuwenhoek and Hooke, cell theory
Selected microbes, plants, and animals are composed of units…
Brown, cell theory
The nucleus defines a plant cell.
23 terms
TKS DP Biology - 1.1 Introduction to cells
Cell theory
Centi-
Differentiation
Emergent property
Theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Metric prefix 1/100th or 1 × 10-2.
The alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
A property of a system that emerges from the interaction of t…
Cell theory
Theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Centi-
Metric prefix 1/100th or 1 × 10-2.
15 terms
IB Biology Unit 1.1: Introduction to Cells
Outline the cell theory
Discuss the evidence for the cell theory
What are the exceptions to cell theory?
State that unicellular organisms carry…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes have increased man's ability to visualise tiny ob…
striated skeletal muscle fibres are not typical cells; they a…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Discuss the evidence for the cell theory
Microscopes have increased man's ability to visualise tiny ob…
Biology Quiz: Introduction to Cells
Light Microscopes
magnification
resolution
Cell Theory
Light passes through a specimen and is projected through a se…
The increase in an object's apparent size
The clarity of an image
all living things are composed of cells, all cells come from…
Light Microscopes
Light passes through a specimen and is projected through a se…
magnification
The increase in an object's apparent size
12 terms
IB Biology: Introduction to cells
Unicellular
Organism
Organelle
Multicellular
Living things made of one cell
A living thing
A small part of the cell that does a specific function
Living thing made out of many cells
Unicellular
Living things made of one cell
Organism
A living thing
12 terms
An Introduction to Cell Biology
Outline the first Cell Theory
Outline the Classical Cell Theory
Outline the Modern Cell Theory
How do light microscopes work
Developed by Schleiden and Schwann:... 1. All organisms are made…
Developed by Schleiden, Schwann and Virchow:... 1) All organisms…
1) All known living organisms are comprised of cells ... 2) The…
Your eye acts as a lens... the first eye piece magnifies 10-20X…
Outline the first Cell Theory
Developed by Schleiden and Schwann:... 1. All organisms are made…
Outline the Classical Cell Theory
Developed by Schleiden, Schwann and Virchow:... 1) All organisms…
22 terms
Introduction to Cell Biology
What are the Three Factors that Determ…
Surface Area is important for what rea…
Internal Volume is important for what…
Does the relationship between volume a…
1) Surface area to volume ratio... 2) Molecular Diffusion... 3) Loc…
SA is important for exchange with the environment
Internal Volume is important for determining its metabolic ne…
No: one may change faster or slower than the other
What are the Three Factors that Determ…
1) Surface area to volume ratio... 2) Molecular Diffusion... 3) Loc…
Surface Area is important for what rea…
SA is important for exchange with the environment
45 terms
1 Introduction to cell biology
What distinguishes between prokaryotic…
Organelles in eukaryotic cells (animal)
What are the goals of cell biologists?
Cells...and...numerous molecules and s…
The presence of membrane bound organelles
lysosome... peroxisome... mitochondria... nuclear envelope... golgi appar…
to understand how cells control their shape and surface prope…
build; degrade
What distinguishes between prokaryotic…
The presence of membrane bound organelles
Organelles in eukaryotic cells (animal)
lysosome... peroxisome... mitochondria... nuclear envelope... golgi appar…
31 terms
Introduction to Cell And Molecualr Biology
Cytology, biochem, genetics
Robert hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Robert brown
Three disciplines that merged and gave rise to CMB
Observed cork cells
First to study microscopic living cells
Described the nuclei
Cytology, biochem, genetics
Three disciplines that merged and gave rise to CMB
Robert hooke
Observed cork cells
11 terms
Biology: introduction to cells
Schleiden's cell theory
Schwann's cell theory
Three key principles of modern cell th…
Advantage of multicellular cells
Plants are made up of cells
Animals are made up of cells
All living are made up of cells... There are single and multicel…
Able to to grow
Schleiden's cell theory
Plants are made up of cells
Schwann's cell theory
Animals are made up of cells
100 terms
Mastering Biology: Introduction to the Cell
Function of the nucleolus (MB)
Function of the rough ER (MB)
Function of the Golgi Apparatus (MB)
Function of the Mitochondria (MB)
assembles ribosomes
produces secretory proteins
modifies and sorts proteins
generates ATP
Function of the nucleolus (MB)
assembles ribosomes
Function of the rough ER (MB)
produces secretory proteins
Introduction and Cell Biology
osmotic pressure
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Osmotic Pressure can do Chemistry-Free…
proportional to molar concentration... suspending solution prod…
Concentration of non-water molecules higher outside
Concentration of non-water molecules higher inside
they do not have to come into contact... driving force is deriv…
osmotic pressure
proportional to molar concentration... suspending solution prod…
Hypertonic
Concentration of non-water molecules higher outside
11 terms
Introduction to Cell Biology
The six main important scientists.
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Robert Hooke, Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Matthias Schleiden, Theo…
Credited for being the first to see and describe cell.
Observed small organisms that were everywhere. He observed th…
Concluded that plants are made of cells.
The six main important scientists.
Robert Hooke, Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Matthias Schleiden, Theo…
Robert Hooke
Credited for being the first to see and describe cell.
25 terms
Introduction to Cell Biology
What are the types of cells?
What is Cell morphology?
A cell can be divided into 3 main part…
What is an organelle?
Unicellular and Multicellular
Cells coming in different shapes and sizes which will dictate…
The plasma membrane, Cytoplasm and Nucleus
Inside the cell contains specialised structures which perform…
What are the types of cells?
Unicellular and Multicellular
What is Cell morphology?
Cells coming in different shapes and sizes which will dictate…
28 terms
1.1. Introduction to Cells (Biology IBDP)
cell theory
Eyepiece lens
Revolving nosepiece
Objective lenses
1. The cell is the fundamental unit that exhibits the charact…
the lens at the top of the microscope that the observer looks…
the piece that holds the low-power and high-power objective l…
A selection of lenses with different power (4X, 10X, 40X) tha…
cell theory
1. The cell is the fundamental unit that exhibits the charact…
Eyepiece lens
the lens at the top of the microscope that the observer looks…
9 terms
An Introduction to Cell Biology
The hierarchy of cell organization fro…
Cell is the the smallest living organi…
Cells are almost always microscopic in…
The cell has theory has three tenets.
Atom->Small and macromolecules->Subcellular structure... ->Cells…
Lower limit- must be able to CONTAIN components required for…
Bacteria cells are typically 1 to 5 µm in length, whereas euk…
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2. The ce…
The hierarchy of cell organization fro…
Atom->Small and macromolecules->Subcellular structure... ->Cells…
Cell is the the smallest living organi…
Lower limit- must be able to CONTAIN components required for…
57 terms
Introduction to Cell Biology #1
Physiology
Body Organization
Epithelial Tissues
Connective Tissues
how a living organism functions
Cells - Tissues - Organs - Organ Systems
Covers body surfaces and lines body cavities. Performs secret…
binds and supports the body. Examples are tendons & ligaments…
Physiology
how a living organism functions
Body Organization
Cells - Tissues - Organs - Organ Systems
15 terms
IB Biology - Topic 1 - Cells- 1.1 Introduction to Cells
Outline the cell theory
Discuss the evidence for the cell theory
What are the exceptions to cell theory?
State that unicellular organisms carry…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes have increased man's ability to visualise tiny ob…
striated skeletal muscle fibres are not typical cells; they a…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
Outline the cell theory
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Discuss the evidence for the cell theory
Microscopes have increased man's ability to visualise tiny ob…
35 terms
Cell and Tissue Biology Introduction
Angstrom unit
micrometer and nanometer
how do we "do" Cell and Tissue Biology
light microscopes
10^-10 meters
10^-6 and 10^-9 meters respectively
microscopes, tissue sections of "fixed" specimens, cell/tissu…
-bright field (main)... -phase contrast... -differential interferen…
Angstrom unit
10^-10 meters
micrometer and nanometer
10^-6 and 10^-9 meters respectively
20 terms
cell biology introduction
cells are primarily made of
organelles
2 main types of cells
germ cell
carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen
small structures within the cell
germ and somatic cells
sperm in the male, and oocyte in the female
cells are primarily made of
carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen
organelles
small structures within the cell
15 terms
Introduction to Cell and Molecular Biology
homeostasis
three domains
taxonomical organization (dear phillip…
eukaryotes
ability to achieve a relatively stable internal environment
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
animals, plants, fungi, protists
homeostasis
ability to achieve a relatively stable internal environment
three domains
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
34 terms
Introduction To Cell Biology
The region of the cell outside the nuc…
Does animal cells have Central Vacuole…
Does plant have Centriole, and Lysosome?
A microscopic membrane of lipids and p…
Cytoplasm
NO
NO
Plasma Membrane
The region of the cell outside the nuc…
Cytoplasm
Does animal cells have Central Vacuole…
NO
15 terms
Biology introduction to cells
Ribosomes
Cell membrain
Cell
Prokaryotes
Ribosomes are ancient molecular machines that are responsible…
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
The division between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is usually co…
Ribosomes
Ribosomes are ancient molecular machines that are responsible…
Cell membrain
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
48 terms
Introduction to cell biology
Atom
Element
Proton
Electron
Smallest partical that still dusplay bthe elementalnpropertjes
Substances that cannot be broken foen by chemical processes
Positively charged subatomic particles
Negatively charged subatomic particles
Atom
Smallest partical that still dusplay bthe elementalnpropertjes
Element
Substances that cannot be broken foen by chemical processes
16 terms
Biology introduction to cells
Cell
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Organelle
Basic unit of all living things
Simplest and smallest type of cell with no nucleus
More complex cell containing a nucleus and membrane bound org…
The parts of the cell that carry out all necessary functions
Cell
Basic unit of all living things
Prokaryotic
Simplest and smallest type of cell with no nucleus
17 terms
Biology Vocab - Introduction to Cells
cell theory
centi-
course focus dial
differentiation
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
metric prefix 1/100th or 1x10^-2
used to initially focus a light microscope on a specimen
the alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
centi-
metric prefix 1/100th or 1x10^-2
35 terms
Introduction to Cell Biology
Cytology
Biochemistry
Genetics
Light Microscope
focuses mainly on cellular structure, and uses optical techni…
focuses on cellular Function
focuses on information flow and heredity
earliest tool of cytologists... allowed for identification of or…
Cytology
focuses mainly on cellular structure, and uses optical techni…
Biochemistry
focuses on cellular Function
17 terms
9 Biology - Introduction to Cells
Cell Membrance
Mitochondria
Central Vacuole
Vesicle
Controls the movement of the materials into and out of the cell
Takes in food and creates ATP
Keeps cells pressurized
Transports proteins from the ER to Golgi
Cell Membrance
Controls the movement of the materials into and out of the cell
Mitochondria
Takes in food and creates ATP
10 terms
Biology: Introduction into cells
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Cell Theory
two factors of Cell Division
nutrition
was the first to observe a living cell under a microscope. He…
- the cell is the basic unit of all living things... - cells per…
- genetics... - surface to volume ratio
- absorption... - digestion
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
was the first to observe a living cell under a microscope. He…
Cell Theory
- the cell is the basic unit of all living things... - cells per…
13 terms
Biology - Introduction to the Cell
Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Plant Cells have
All living things are made of cells.... All Cells come from OTH…
Before Nucleus... Cells with DNA but no nucleus... Ex Bacteria
True Nucleus... Cells with DNA inside a nucleus... Ex Skin, bone
Cell wall... One large vacuole... Plastids
Cell Theory
All living things are made of cells.... All Cells come from OTH…
Prokaryotic Cells
Before Nucleus... Cells with DNA but no nucleus... Ex Bacteria
15 terms
IB Biology Topic 1.1 Introduction to Cells
Outline the cell theory.
Discuss the evidence for the cell theo…
What are the exceptions to cell theory?
State that unicellular organisms carry…
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Microscopes have increased man's ability to visualise tiny ob…
striated skeletal muscle fibres are not typical cells; they a…
Unicellular organisms (such as amoeba, paramecium, euglena an…
Outline the cell theory.
The cell theory states that:... 1. All living things are compos…
Discuss the evidence for the cell theo…
Microscopes have increased man's ability to visualise tiny ob…
9 terms
Cell and Molecular Biology Introduction
Viruses
Prions
Viroids
Obliget parasites
extremely diverse obligate parasites (proteins, nucleic acid,…
mad cow disease, chronic wasting disease, scrapies: protein p…
potato spindle tuber viroid: a small circular RNA molecule
rely on another living cell
Viruses
extremely diverse obligate parasites (proteins, nucleic acid,…
Prions
mad cow disease, chronic wasting disease, scrapies: protein p…
27 terms
Introduction to Cells Biology
Mitochondria
Chloroplast
Ribosome
Endoplasmic reticulum
Perform cellular respiration; makes energy
Works to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can…
Repairing damage or directing chemical processes; makes prote…
Assembly of proteins; transports
Mitochondria
Perform cellular respiration; makes energy
Chloroplast
Works to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can…
19 terms
Cell and Molecular Biology - Introduction
Ribosome Subunits
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Golgi Apparatus
Large 60S... Small 40S
Protein Folding... Glycosylation... Synthesis, folding, and initial…
Lipid Synthesis... Glycogenolysis... Detoxification... Ca++ Metabolism
Oligosaccharide chain processing... Glycosylation and deglycosyl…
Ribosome Subunits
Large 60S... Small 40S
Rough ER
Protein Folding... Glycosylation... Synthesis, folding, and initial…
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