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Study sets matching "introduction animal ap biology"

43 terms
AP Biology - Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity
cleavage
blastula
gastrulation
gastrula
cells will divide mitotically but they won't grow in size and…
hollow ball of cells. Is formed from multiple steps of cleavage
when the layers of embryonic tissue are produced (ectoderm, e…
the developmental stage where gastrulation is completed.
cleavage
cells will divide mitotically but they won't grow in size and…
blastula
hollow ball of cells. Is formed from multiple steps of cleavage
24 terms
AP Biology: " Introduction to Animal Diversity" Pt.1
Characteristics of animals
Sperm and egg meet through fertilizati…
The zygote undergoes mitosis called...
A _____, or a multi-celled hollow ball…
Multicellular, Heterotrophs, Eukaryotic, Eat, Have Tissues an…
a zygote
cleavage
blastula
Characteristics of animals
Multicellular, Heterotrophs, Eukaryotic, Eat, Have Tissues an…
Sperm and egg meet through fertilizati…
a zygote
30 terms
Introduction to Animal Biology
domains of life
bacteria/archaea
eukarya
animal cellular characteristics
-bacteria... -archaea... -eukarya
-small... -single cell... -not complex
-intracellular organelles, compartmentalization... -includes Pro…
-eukaryotic (have organelles)... -no cell walls... -cannot photosyn…
domains of life
-bacteria... -archaea... -eukarya
bacteria/archaea
-small... -single cell... -not complex
Biology: Introduction to Animal Diversity
Blastula
Stem cell
Gastrula
Germ layers
Hollow ball of cells that develops when a zygote undergoes a…
Unspecialized cell that can give rise to one or more types of…
Blastula that folds in on itself and results in three germ la…
Layers of cells created in gastrulation
Blastula
Hollow ball of cells that develops when a zygote undergoes a…
Stem cell
Unspecialized cell that can give rise to one or more types of…
99 terms
Introduction to Animal Biology Exam 1
what is science
how do we do science
science
characteristics of life
body of knowledge... way of understanding nature... method of arriv…
observation ... hypothesis driven science... science is social
is both communal and dynamic
evolve... grows (metabolism) ... information ... reproduction (heredit…
what is science
body of knowledge... way of understanding nature... method of arriv…
how do we do science
observation ... hypothesis driven science... science is social
41 terms
AP Biology chapter 32: An introduction to Animal Diversity
How do animals feed?
What are animal cells held together by?
What are two types of specialized cell…
what is a cleavage?
they ingest their food and then use enzymes to digest it with…
structural proteins, the most abundant being collagen
muscle and nerve cells
a succession of mitotic cell divisions without cell growth be…
How do animals feed?
they ingest their food and then use enzymes to digest it with…
What are animal cells held together by?
structural proteins, the most abundant being collagen
70 terms
Biology- Introduction to Animal Diversity
Common characteristics of animals:
Heterotrophic
nervous tissue
extracellular matrix
1. multicellularity ... 2. heterotrophs... 3. no cell walls... 4. nerv…
obtain food by eating other organisms or their products
allows animals to respond rapidly to environmental stimuli
proteins such as collagen bind animal cells together to give…
Common characteristics of animals:
1. multicellularity ... 2. heterotrophs... 3. no cell walls... 4. nerv…
Heterotrophic
obtain food by eating other organisms or their products
16 terms
Biology: Introduction to Animal Diversity
Blastula
Stem cell
Gastrula
Germ layers
Hollow ball of cells that develops when a zygote undergoes a…
Unspecialized cell that can give rise to one or more types of…
Blastula that folds in on itself and results in three germ la…
Layers of cells created in gastrulation
Blastula
Hollow ball of cells that develops when a zygote undergoes a…
Stem cell
Unspecialized cell that can give rise to one or more types of…
70 terms
Biology- Introduction to Animal Diversity
Common characteristics of animals:
Heterotrophic
nervous tissue
extracellular matrix
1. multicellularity ... 2. heterotrophs... 3. no cell walls... 4. nerv…
obtain food by eating other organisms or their products
allows animals to respond rapidly to environmental stimuli
proteins such as collagen bind animal cells together to give…
Common characteristics of animals:
1. multicellularity ... 2. heterotrophs... 3. no cell walls... 4. nerv…
Heterotrophic
obtain food by eating other organisms or their products
84 terms
AP Biology: Introduction and Biochemistry
science
inference
hypothesis
manipulated variable
an organized way of using evidence to explain the natural wor…
logical interpretation of evidence... **DIFFERENT than observat…
a possible explanation for an occurrence
the part of an experiment that is changed... **also called inde…
science
an organized way of using evidence to explain the natural wor…
inference
logical interpretation of evidence... **DIFFERENT than observat…
21 terms
Biology: Animals Introduction
Animal characteristics
Sperm
Egg
Zygote
multicellular; chemoheterotrophs; ingest food; no cell walls;…
small, motile, flagellated male reproductive cell
large, non-motile female reproductive cell
what haploid reproductive cells fuse into (sperm and egg)
Animal characteristics
multicellular; chemoheterotrophs; ingest food; no cell walls;…
Sperm
small, motile, flagellated male reproductive cell
18 terms
Biology Chapter 25: Introduction to Animals
Invertebrates
Chordates
Notochord
Pharyngeal pouches
All animals that lack a backbone, or vertebral column
Exhibits four characteristics during at least one stage of li…
A long supporting rod that runs through the body just below t…
Paired structures in the throat region, which is also called…
Invertebrates
All animals that lack a backbone, or vertebral column
Chordates
Exhibits four characteristics during at least one stage of li…
51 terms
Biology - Introduction to Animals
Heterotrophy
Mobility
Multicellularity
Diploidy
unable to make its own food
able to perform movements
made of cells
two sets of chromosomes
Heterotrophy
unable to make its own food
Mobility
able to perform movements
18 terms
Biology Ch. 25 - Introduction to Animals
Invertebrates
Chordates
Notochord
Pharyngeal pouches
animals that do NOT have a backbone, or vertebral column.
an animal phylum that has a notochord, a dorsal hollow nerve…
long supporting rod that runs through a chordate's body just…
in developing chordates, the paired openings found in the are…
Invertebrates
animals that do NOT have a backbone, or vertebral column.
Chordates
an animal phylum that has a notochord, a dorsal hollow nerve…
17 terms
introduction to animals- biology
invertebrates
chordate
pharyngeal pouches
vertebrates
include all animals that lack a backbone, or vertebral column
animal that has, for at least one stage of its life, a dorsal…
one of a pair of structures in the throat region of the chord…
chordates with a backbone
invertebrates
include all animals that lack a backbone, or vertebral column
chordate
animal that has, for at least one stage of its life, a dorsal…
14 terms
Introduction to Animals- Biology
Phylum Porifera
Phylum Cnidaria
Phylum Platyhelminthes
Phylum Nematoda
spongy and soft; bright in color; no nervous, digestive, or c…
ex.) jellyfish, anemone... radial symmetry; most have tentacles;…
flat bodied invertebrates; bilateral symmetry; acoelomates; s…
ex.) roundworms... pseudocoelomate; protostomes; bilateral symme…
Phylum Porifera
spongy and soft; bright in color; no nervous, digestive, or c…
Phylum Cnidaria
ex.) jellyfish, anemone... radial symmetry; most have tentacles;…
16 terms
AP Biology- Animal Behavior
Animal behavior
Ethology
Fixed Action Pattern
Releasers
An organism's behavior important for its survival and fitness
Study of behavior and the relationship to its evolutionary or…
Innate behavior... Once begun, behavior continued until completi…
Sign stimuli exchanged between members of same species
Animal behavior
An organism's behavior important for its survival and fitness
Ethology
Study of behavior and the relationship to its evolutionary or…
19 terms
Biology Ch#25 - Introduction to Animals
Animal characteristics
Invertebrate
Chordates
Vertebrate
Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotic organism…
Animal lacking a backbone/vertebral column
Exhibits: dorsal, hollow nerve cord, tail, pharyngeal pouches
Animal with a backbone
Animal characteristics
Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotic organism…
Invertebrate
Animal lacking a backbone/vertebral column
7 terms
Animal Biology Introduction
What is the difference between primary…
How do the 3 species concepts (Biologi…
- What is the Binomial Nomenclature? W…
What is the order of organization in t…
• A Primary Source is a document or physical object which was…
• Biological - reproductive community of populations that occ…
• Two name system... • Charles Linnaeus... • Genus species
• Domain - Kingdom - Phylum - Class - Order - Family - Genus…
What is the difference between primary…
• A Primary Source is a document or physical object which was…
How do the 3 species concepts (Biologi…
• Biological - reproductive community of populations that occ…
70 terms
Introduction to AP biology
Organisms are ________ to the environm…
Organisms adapting to the environments…
Evolution
Properties of life
Adapting
Evolution
The fundamental organizing principle of biology
Order, regulation, energy processing, reproduction, growth an…
Organisms are ________ to the environm…
Adapting
Organisms adapting to the environments…
Evolution
60 terms
AP Biology- Introduction to Biochemistry
Biochemistry
Entropy
Metabolism
CHNOPS
The chemistry of life. Taken as a whole, it is the branch of…
The Second Law of Thermodynamics; All order in the universe w…
For life to perpetuate order and complexity requires continuo…
Living creatures are composed mainly of Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxy…
Biochemistry
The chemistry of life. Taken as a whole, it is the branch of…
Entropy
The Second Law of Thermodynamics; All order in the universe w…
70 terms
Introduction to AP biology
Organisms are ________ to the environm…
Organisms adapting to the environments…
Evolution
Properties of life
Adapting
Evolution
The fundamental organizing principle of biology
Order, regulation, energy processing, reproduction, growth an…
Organisms are ________ to the environm…
Adapting
Organisms adapting to the environments…
Evolution
103 terms
AP Biology- Introduction to Biochemicals
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Oligosaccharide
Polysaccharide
AKA sugar or saccharide. Fall into three main categories: Mon…
"Simple sugars" or monomers
Two or more monosaccharides linked together; but smaller than…
Very large carbohydrate molecules that contain hundreds or ev…
Carbohydrates
AKA sugar or saccharide. Fall into three main categories: Mon…
Monosaccharide
"Simple sugars" or monomers
24 terms
AP Bio Chapter 32: Introduction to Animals
Features shared by most animals:
Radial symmetry
Bilateral symmetry
Cephalization
multicellular, heterotrophs, eukaryotic, no cell walls, nerve…
several planes divide organism into symmetrical parts: top an…
only one plane creates symmetrical parts: dorsal, ventral, an…
evolutionary trend towards concentration of sensory organs (s…
Features shared by most animals:
multicellular, heterotrophs, eukaryotic, no cell walls, nerve…
Radial symmetry
several planes divide organism into symmetrical parts: top an…
33 terms
Introduction to animals quiz-Biology
Eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophic
Lack cell wall
Tissues
To weave
What are three characteristics that every animal must have?
What is different about animal cells?
What do animals bodies consist of?
What does the word tissue mean in latin?
Eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophic
What are three characteristics that every animal must have?
Lack cell wall
What is different about animal cells?
5 terms
Biology Chapter 24 Introduction to Animals Set #7
protosome
deuterosome
filter feeder
sessile
Coelomate animal whose mouth develops from the opeining in th…
Coelomate animal whose anus develops from the opening in the…
Organism that filters small particles from water to get its f…
Organism permanently attached to one place.
protosome
Coelomate animal whose mouth develops from the opeining in th…
deuterosome
Coelomate animal whose anus develops from the opening in the…
30 terms
Biology - Introduction to Animals (chapter 25)
Invertebrates
Chordates
vertebrates
Heterotrophy (animal characteristic)
Only include animals without a backbone or vertebral column;…
A dorsal, hollow nerve cord;... A notochord - long supporting ro…
Chordates with backbones
Can't make their own food... must eat things
Invertebrates
Only include animals without a backbone or vertebral column;…
Chordates
A dorsal, hollow nerve cord;... A notochord - long supporting ro…
18 terms
Biology Chapter 25: Introduction to Animals
Invertebrates
Chordates
Notochord
Pharyngeal pouches
All animals that lack a backbone, or vertebral column
Exhibits four characteristics during at least one stage of li…
A long supporting rod that runs through the body just below t…
Paired structures in the throat region, which is also called…
Invertebrates
All animals that lack a backbone, or vertebral column
Chordates
Exhibits four characteristics during at least one stage of li…
46 terms
Introduction to Animal Biology Exam 2
requirements to make a new cell
how does the cell make sure each cell…
bacterial cell division
key features of bacterial cell division
growth ... duplicate... partition/segregate... divide
step 2 and 3 (duplicate and segregate)
simple process produces two cells from one ... binary fission ... d…
replication and segregation occur together ... chromosome starts…
requirements to make a new cell
growth ... duplicate... partition/segregate... divide
how does the cell make sure each cell…
step 2 and 3 (duplicate and segregate)
34 terms
Biology: Introduction to Animals
Asymmetry
Anterior
Asexual reproduction
bilateral symmetry
do not display symmetry
toward the heard
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes/ a si…
having similar halves on either side of a central plane
Asymmetry
do not display symmetry
Anterior
toward the heard
10 terms
Biology : Introduction to animals.
Evolution
Charles Darwin
Natural selection
Adaptation
change over time or the process by which modern organisms hav…
an English naturalist who made numerous observations during h…
the process whereby individuals that are betted suited to the…
any inherited characteristic that increases an organism's cha…
Evolution
change over time or the process by which modern organisms hav…
Charles Darwin
an English naturalist who made numerous observations during h…
12 terms
Introduction to animals biology
Blastula
Ectoderm endoderm mesoderm
Radial symmetry
Bilateral symmetry
In most animal species,the zygote undergoes cell divisions th…
The blastula eventually develops into 3 distinct layers of ce…
Cnidarians have ____ _____, in which body parts are arranged…
The bodies of other animals have distinct right and left halv…
Blastula
In most animal species,the zygote undergoes cell divisions th…
Ectoderm endoderm mesoderm
The blastula eventually develops into 3 distinct layers of ce…
18 terms
Biology Ch. 25 - Introduction to Animals
Invertebrates
Chordates
Notochord
Pharyngeal pouches
animals that do NOT have a backbone, or vertebral column.
an animal phylum that has a notochord, a dorsal hollow nerve…
long supporting rod that runs through a chordate's body just…
in developing chordates, the paired openings found in the are…
Invertebrates
animals that do NOT have a backbone, or vertebral column.
Chordates
an animal phylum that has a notochord, a dorsal hollow nerve…
28 terms
Biology A Introduction to animals
Animals
Sessile
Motile
Support and Movement
multicellular, eukaryotic, and heterotrophs whose cells lack…
permanently attached to a spot
free to move about
animals have structures that give them shape and allow then t…
Animals
multicellular, eukaryotic, and heterotrophs whose cells lack…
Sessile
permanently attached to a spot
35 terms
General Biology 1232k Introduction to Animals
Heterotrophic, have internal disgestio…
Metamorphosis
Choanoflagellates
Cambrian Explosion
What are three traits of animals?
What is the term for dramatic changes in animal development,…
Which group of protists is thought to be ancestral for animals?
From 535 to 525 million years ago, there was a rapid diversif…
Heterotrophic, have internal disgestio…
What are three traits of animals?
Metamorphosis
What is the term for dramatic changes in animal development,…
60 terms
Biology- Introduction to Animals
Eukaryotes are cells with what?
Ingestive heterotrophs take in food an…
The Endoskeleton is inside and made of…
Exoskeletons cover the outside of the…
A nucleus and organelles
internally
cartilage and or bone
Arthropods
Eukaryotes are cells with what?
A nucleus and organelles
Ingestive heterotrophs take in food an…
internally
5 terms
Biology Chapter 24 Introduction to Animals Set #8
nematocyst
gastrovascular cavity
nerve net
polyp
Capsule whose threadlike tube contains poison and barbs and i…
In cnidarians, the space surrounded by an inner cell layer, w…
Nervous system that conducts impulses in cnidarians and echin…
Tube-shaped, sessile body form of cnidarians.
nematocyst
Capsule whose threadlike tube contains poison and barbs and i…
gastrovascular cavity
In cnidarians, the space surrounded by an inner cell layer, w…
42 terms
AP Biology: An Introduction to Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions. Manages the…
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
Consume energy to build complicated molecules form simpler on…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions. Manages the…
Metabolic Pathway
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
28 terms
Biology - Introduction to Animals
Invertebrates
Exoskeletons
Endoskeleton
Vertebrate
Animals without backbones
Are hard or tough outer coverings
Invertebrates have an internal support structure
An animal has an endoskeleton and a backbone
Invertebrates
Animals without backbones
Exoskeletons
Are hard or tough outer coverings
39 terms
Biology Chapter 25 Introduction to Animals
Characteristics of All Animals
invertebrates
types of animals
chordates
* they are all heterotrophic-(eat other animals for energy)... *…
include all animals that lack a backbone, or vertebral column…
classified into two broad categories: invertebrates and chord…
all chordates exhibit four characteristics during at least on…
Characteristics of All Animals
* they are all heterotrophic-(eat other animals for energy)... *…
invertebrates
include all animals that lack a backbone, or vertebral column…
22 terms
biology exam- introduction to animals
all organisms in the animal kingdom are:
animal cells have:
which of the following is true about t…
The phylum that A worm belongs to is:
multicellular eukaryotes
nucleus and membrane - bound organelles
it does not have a notochord
annelida
all organisms in the animal kingdom are:
multicellular eukaryotes
animal cells have:
nucleus and membrane - bound organelles
11 terms
Biology Exam: Introduction to Animals
What are the 5 levels of organization…
What does dorsal mean?
What does ventral mean?
What does posterior mean?
Level 1- CELLS... Level 2- TISSUES... Level 3- ORGANS... Level 4- ORGA…
the back
the front
part of the body on the opposite side from the head
What are the 5 levels of organization…
Level 1- CELLS... Level 2- TISSUES... Level 3- ORGANS... Level 4- ORGA…
What does dorsal mean?
the back
27 terms
Ap biology introduction
Biosphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population
All regions of the world
A community and its environment
Population of all species in the same area
Individuals of the same species in the same area
Biosphere
All regions of the world
Ecosystem
A community and its environment
31 terms
Glencoe Science Biology - Chapter 24 - Introduction to Animals
blastula
ectoderm
endoderm
endoskeleton
fluid-filled ball of cells formed by mitotic cell division of…
outer layer of cells in the gastrula that develops into nervo…
inner layer of cells in the gastrula that develops into diges…
internal skeleton that protects internal organs, provides sup…
blastula
fluid-filled ball of cells formed by mitotic cell division of…
ectoderm
outer layer of cells in the gastrula that develops into nervo…
44 terms
Biology 184 - introduction to animal diversity
Animals are
Animals ingest
Animal cells are not surrounded by
animal tissues are strengthened by an
multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes.
other organisms or organic debris: they surround their... food b…
cell walls
extracellular matrix
Animals are
multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes.
Animals ingest
other organisms or organic debris: they surround their... food b…
37 terms
AP Biology: Animal Behavior
ethology
behavior
proximate cause
ultimate cause
study of animal behavior
what an animal does and how it does it
"how" a behavior occurs or is modified
"why" a behavior occurs,
ethology
study of animal behavior
behavior
what an animal does and how it does it
77 terms
Biology Chapter 32: Introduction to Animals
Vertebrate
Invertebrate
Multicellular, Heterotrophic, lack cel…
Specialization
What is an animal with a backbone
What is an animal without a backbone
Name four characteristics of animals
What is the differentiation of a cell for a particular function
Vertebrate
What is an animal with a backbone
Invertebrate
What is an animal without a backbone
18 terms
Introduction to AP Biology
Reductionism
What is the fundamental principle of b…
What is systems biology used to do?
New Properties Emerge at Successive Le…
reducing complex systems to simpler components in order to un…
Evolution; it explains the diversity seen in the natural work…
used to complement reductionism and helps us understand how s…
Structure of an organism or molecule can help us understand i…
Reductionism
reducing complex systems to simpler components in order to un…
What is the fundamental principle of b…
Evolution; it explains the diversity seen in the natural work…
39 terms
AP Biology Introduction to Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
an elaborate road map of many chemical reactions, in which a…
metabolic pathway which releases energy by breaking down comp…
metabolic pathway which consumes energy to build complicated…
Metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic pathway
an elaborate road map of many chemical reactions, in which a…
77 terms
Biology Chapter 32: Introduction to Animals
Vertebrate
Invertebrate
Multicellular, Heterotrophic, lack cel…
Specialization
What is an animal with a backbone
What is an animal without a backbone
Name four characteristics of animals
What is the differentiation of a cell for a particular function
Vertebrate
What is an animal with a backbone
Invertebrate
What is an animal without a backbone
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