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Study sets matching "introduction criminology"

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Study sets matching "introduction criminology"

17 terms
Introduction to Criminology
Criminology
Norms
Crime
White-Collar Crime
Regards crime as a social phenomenon, includes the processes…
Established rules of behaviour or standards of conduct
An act that violates the criminal law and is punishable with…
Committed by middle and upper class people in the course of t…
Criminology
Regards crime as a social phenomenon, includes the processes…
Norms
Established rules of behaviour or standards of conduct
20 terms
Introduction to Criminology
Criminology (L&H 16)
Core components of criminology (L&H 16)
Criminal Justice ((L&H 16)
Is criminology scientific? (L&H 17)
The systematic study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
1. The definition and nature of crime as harm-causing behavio…
Refers to crime-control practices, philosophies, and policies…
Criminology requires that criminologists strictly adhere to t…
Criminology (L&H 16)
The systematic study of the nature, extent, cause, and contro…
Core components of criminology (L&H 16)
1. The definition and nature of crime as harm-causing behavio…
Introduction to Criminology
Theory
Criminalist
Social Relativity
Criminality
a series of interrelated propositions that attempts to descri…
a specialist in the collection and examination of the physica…
the notion that social events are interpreted differently acc…
a behavioral predisposition that disportionately favors crimi…
Theory
a series of interrelated propositions that attempts to descri…
Criminalist
a specialist in the collection and examination of the physica…
21 terms
Introduction to Criminology
Theory
Variable
Logical Relationship
Independent Variable
-An attempt to explain reality. ... -A logical relationship betw…
Anything that varies in the social world. ... EX: Temperature, t…
You can articulate why one thing leads to another.
The variable that is impacting the dependent variable.
Theory
-An attempt to explain reality. ... -A logical relationship betw…
Variable
Anything that varies in the social world. ... EX: Temperature, t…
17 terms
Introduction to Criminology
Criminology
Norms
Crime
White-Collar Crime
Regards crime as a social phenomenon, includes the processes…
Established rules of behaviour or standards of conduct
An act that violates the criminal law and is punishable with…
Committed by middle and upper class people in the course of t…
Criminology
Regards crime as a social phenomenon, includes the processes…
Norms
Established rules of behaviour or standards of conduct
10 terms
Introduction to Criminology
how is poverty defined in the US
how many Americans live in poverty
how much wealth do the top 20% of peop…
How many children live in poverty... A- 5…
A family of four earn 23,000 a year
46 million
B-85%
D-15 million
how is poverty defined in the US
A family of four earn 23,000 a year
how many Americans live in poverty
46 million
54 terms
Introduction to Criminology Final Exam
Behavior Genetics
Heritability
G/E Interaction (GxE)
G/E Correlation (rGE)
A branch of genetics that studies the relative contributions…
A measure that quantifies the extent to which genes influence…
Involves the notion that people are deferentially sensitive t…
Genotypes and the environments they find themselves in are re…
Behavior Genetics
A branch of genetics that studies the relative contributions…
Heritability
A measure that quantifies the extent to which genes influence…
24 terms
Criminology Chapter 1: Introduction
Conflict Model of Law
Consensus Model of Law
Costs of Crime
Crime
Originating in the conflict of interest of different groups.…
Agreement among the members of society as to what constitutes…
Economic costs of crime.
Legal view of crime would define it as violation of criminal…
Conflict Model of Law
Originating in the conflict of interest of different groups.…
Consensus Model of Law
Agreement among the members of society as to what constitutes…
Criminology Chp 1: Introduction
Criteria for simple theory
Theories (general info)
Scientific theories
Problems with criminological theory
1. Use of objective evidence and systematic observation. ... 2.…
Can be simple or complex. Or Concrete or abstract (difficult…
reflect systematic observation (observation made though the u…
1. There is a large variety of behavior defined as criminal.…
Criteria for simple theory
1. Use of objective evidence and systematic observation. ... 2.…
Theories (general info)
Can be simple or complex. Or Concrete or abstract (difficult…
38 terms
Introduction to Criminology (Gentile)
Explain the Tom Purcell article
What are the elements of crime?
Conspiracy
Grand Jury
The Tom Purcell article basically states that you should look…
1. Act or omission... 2. Violation of specific statue (citation,…
Has to be agreement between two people to commit crime (withd…
They decide whether someone goes to jail or not... 1. County... 2.…
Explain the Tom Purcell article
The Tom Purcell article basically states that you should look…
What are the elements of crime?
1. Act or omission... 2. Violation of specific statue (citation,…
8 terms
Introduction to Criminology - Measuring Crime
administrative data
dark figure of crime
offence classifications
qualitative surveys
Administrative data refers to information collected primarily…
The dark figure of crime is a term employed by criminologists…
The classification of an offence determines in which court an…
This is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons,…
administrative data
Administrative data refers to information collected primarily…
dark figure of crime
The dark figure of crime is a term employed by criminologists…
13 terms
Introduction to Criminology (Exam 2)
Critical Criminology
Instrumental theory
Structural theory
Causes of crime
They view that laws are created in order to protect the upper…
The theory that the law is put in place to control the lower…
The law is a way to defend the upper class, not to work again…
Globalization, Surplus value, State crime, Social institution
Critical Criminology
They view that laws are created in order to protect the upper…
Instrumental theory
The theory that the law is put in place to control the lower…
10 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 13
Joseph Albini's four types of organize…
Political-social organized
Mercenary Organized
In-group-oriented
political-social organized, mercenary, in-group oriented, syn…
Crime by guerila and terrorist groups. Various militant socia…
by groups for direct personal profit. prey on unwilling victi…
major goal is psychological gratification. Sometimes used as…
Joseph Albini's four types of organize…
political-social organized, mercenary, in-group oriented, syn…
Political-social organized
Crime by guerila and terrorist groups. Various militant socia…
39 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 2
Theory
Methodology
Objectivity
Ethical conduct in research
addresses the question of why and how
concerned with the what
requires investigator to be value free, permit findings to sp…
individual responsibility tied into deep moral judgments.
Theory
addresses the question of why and how
Methodology
concerned with the what
13 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 4
Post-traumatic stress disorder
characterological self-blame
behavioral self-blame
learned helplessness
psychiatric condition recognized as a consequence of other tr…
person ascribes blame to non-modifiable source such as charac…
blame to modifiable source - behavior.
victims become passive and numb
Post-traumatic stress disorder
psychiatric condition recognized as a consequence of other tr…
characterological self-blame
person ascribes blame to non-modifiable source such as charac…
21 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 12
Brainwashing
COINTELPRO
Crimes against government
Crimes by government
Obtaining admissions of guilt of treasonous activities by put…
FBI's counterintelligence program to harass and disrupt legit…
protests, illegal demonstrations, strikes, etc.
violations of human rights, civil liberties, constitutional p…
Brainwashing
Obtaining admissions of guilt of treasonous activities by put…
COINTELPRO
FBI's counterintelligence program to harass and disrupt legit…
12 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 9
Serial murder
visionaries
mission-oriented
hedonists
killing several victims in three or more separate incidents o…
believed to be suffering from psychosis. kill in response to…
mission to rid society of undesirables
thrill seekers
Serial murder
killing several victims in three or more separate incidents o…
visionaries
believed to be suffering from psychosis. kill in response to…
22 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 1
Auguste Comte
Criminology
Deviance
William Graham Sumner
Progression of knowledge consists of three stages: theologica…
discipline that studies crime and criminal behavior.
broad range of activities that the majority in society may vi…
Folkways: identifies three types of norms: folkways, mores, a…
Auguste Comte
Progression of knowledge consists of three stages: theologica…
Criminology
discipline that studies crime and criminal behavior.
26 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 9
Assault
Child Abuse
Culture of Violence
Gun Control
Threatening to to bodily harm to a person or placing in in fe…
excessive mistreatment of children beyond reasonable explanat…
Culture predisposed toward use of violence to resolve grievan…
Whether there should be restrictions to access to guns.
Assault
Threatening to to bodily harm to a person or placing in in fe…
Child Abuse
excessive mistreatment of children beyond reasonable explanat…
26 terms
Introduction to Criminology chapter 10
occasional property criminal
conventional criminal
shoplifting
boosters
steal or damage property infrequently.
commit on regular basis
inventory shrinkage
professional criminals in shoplifting
occasional property criminal
steal or damage property infrequently.
conventional criminal
commit on regular basis
23 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 11
Abscam
Big Dirty Secret
Churning
Coerced Crime
FBI sting operation. Agents posing as rich oil sheiks bribed…
Judges and government agencies are soft on corporate crime.
collecting high commission by running up sales with unnecessa…
Crime committed due to pressure.
Abscam
FBI sting operation. Agents posing as rich oil sheiks bribed…
Big Dirty Secret
Judges and government agencies are soft on corporate crime.
38 terms
Introduction to Criminology Midterm
Issues with trying to legislate morali…
Perspectives on how law is defined
Crime is normal and necessary
Why does context matter in defining cr…
Laws aren't always enforced (prohibition & draft dodgers)... Pur…
Consensus - majority decides the rules and morality produces…
Durkheim - price we pay for a free society
Context matters, and is the key to defining crime (class surv…
Issues with trying to legislate morali…
Laws aren't always enforced (prohibition & draft dodgers)... Pur…
Perspectives on how law is defined
Consensus - majority decides the rules and morality produces…
66 terms
CRIM111: Introduction to Criminology
Criminology
Legal model
Medical model
Sociological model
A systematic study of crime and criminality and the systemati…
A model of criminology. Crime is viewed as a choice.
A model of criminology. Crime is viewed as occurring because…
A model of criminology. Crime is viewed as arising because of…
Criminology
A systematic study of crime and criminality and the systemati…
Legal model
A model of criminology. Crime is viewed as a choice.
160 terms
Introduction to Criminology- Exam 1
What is the definition of crime?
What are the three elements of a crime?*
What is the definition of criminology?*
What is the body of knowledge regardin…
an act in violation of law, is committed with criminal intent…
offender... victim... location/opportunity
the scientific study of law making, commission of crimes, and…
criminology
What is the definition of crime?
an act in violation of law, is committed with criminal intent…
What are the three elements of a crime?*
offender... victim... location/opportunity
30 terms
Introduction to Criminology Midterm Exam
Criminology
Deviance
Psychoanalytic persepective
Crime
scientific study of crime; why people engage in criminal beha…
behaviors that are not normal... .
The psychoanalytic approach focuses on the importance of the…
violation of law
Criminology
scientific study of crime; why people engage in criminal beha…
Deviance
behaviors that are not normal... .
49 terms
Introduction to Criminology: Chapter 1
Crime
Mala in se
Mala Prohibita
Deviance
An act which violates the law.
meaning the act is inherently and essentially evil, that is i…
"a wrong prohibited"... an act which is not inherently immoral,…
Acts that are not necessarily against the law but are conside…
Crime
An act which violates the law.
Mala in se
meaning the act is inherently and essentially evil, that is i…
49 terms
Chapter 1: Introduction to Criminology
Crime
Mala in se
Mala Prohibita
Deviance
An act which violates the law.
meaning the act is inherently and essentially evil, that is i…
"a wrong prohibited"... an act which is not inherently immoral,…
Acts that are not necessarily against the law but are conside…
Crime
An act which violates the law.
Mala in se
meaning the act is inherently and essentially evil, that is i…
67 terms
CMJS 2023 Introduction to Criminology
Environmental Criminology
Routine Activities
Situational Crime Prevention
Crime Mapping
Examines the location of a specific crime and the context in…
A theory stating that an increase or decrease in crime rates…
seeks to protect places, people, and valuable goods from vict…
used by analysts in law enforcement agencies to map, visualiz…
Environmental Criminology
Examines the location of a specific crime and the context in…
Routine Activities
A theory stating that an increase or decrease in crime rates…
33 terms
Introduction to Criminology Midterm
What is a crime?
Law Enforcement
Consensus perspective
Conflict perspective
from a legalistic view, that which violates the law
Federal... *Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)... *Drug Enforcem…
Theories that assume that virtually everyone is in agreement…
Criminal behavior theories that assume most people disagree o…
What is a crime?
from a legalistic view, that which violates the law
Law Enforcement
Federal... *Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)... *Drug Enforcem…
52 terms
Introduction to Criminology (Midterm #2)
Stratified Society
Social Classes
Culture of Poverty
Underclass
People grouped according to their economic or social class--c…
Segment of the population whose members are at a relatively s…
A separate lower-class culture--characterized by apathy, cyni…
The lowest social stratum in any country--whose members lack…
Stratified Society
People grouped according to their economic or social class--c…
Social Classes
Segment of the population whose members are at a relatively s…
78 terms
Introduction to Criminology (Exam 2)
Critical Criminology
Instrumental theory
Structural theory
Causes of crime
They view that laws are created in order to protect the upper…
The theory that the law is put in place to control the lower…
The law is a way to defend the upper class, not to work again…
Globalization, Surplus value, State crime, Social institution
Critical Criminology
They view that laws are created in order to protect the upper…
Instrumental theory
The theory that the law is put in place to control the lower…
Introduction to Criminology Final
Criminology
Crime as a moving target
The Dark Figure of Crime
Strengths of UCR (Unified Crime Reports)
Interdisciplinary science that gathers and analyzes data on v…
Argument for criminology not being a science; definition of "…
Unreported or undiscovered crime; crime that occurs but is no…
- (Mostly) Consistent definition of crime across jurisdiction…
Criminology
Interdisciplinary science that gathers and analyzes data on v…
Crime as a moving target
Argument for criminology not being a science; definition of "…
12 terms
Introduction to Criminology and Criminal Justice
Domestic Homicide
Intimate partner
Filicide
Parricide
An incident involving the death of a family member or other p…
Current or former partner
Victim is the child of the offender
Victim is the parent of the offender
Domestic Homicide
An incident involving the death of a family member or other p…
Intimate partner
Current or former partner
60 terms
Introduction to Criminology Final Exam Review
The Scientific Method
Three Major Criminal Agencies
Approximately how many crimes go unrep…
Criminology
Technique we use to go about building and testing a theory.
Police, courts, corrections
50%
"The study of lawmaking, law-breaking, and the response to la…
The Scientific Method
Technique we use to go about building and testing a theory.
Three Major Criminal Agencies
Police, courts, corrections
12 terms
introduction to criminological theory
theory
every theory will have ...
why do some individuals commit crimina…
why are there variables in group rates…
statement about the relationship between two or more events o…
the what : which variables matter... the how : how do those vari…
micro
macro
theory
statement about the relationship between two or more events o…
every theory will have ...
the what : which variables matter... the how : how do those vari…
38 terms
Introduction to Criminology (Crim 100)- Ch 2
types of crime
visible crime
violent crime
property crimes
visible crime, occupational crime, organized crime, transnati…
an offense against persons or property, committed primarily b…
acts against people in which death or physical injury result…
acts that threaten property held by individuals or by the sta…
types of crime
visible crime, occupational crime, organized crime, transnati…
visible crime
an offense against persons or property, committed primarily b…
72 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 12-14
Economic crime
Blue collar crimes
White collar crimes
Green collar crimes
-an act committed in violation of the criminal law for the pu…
- traditional common law theft crimes such as larceny, burgla…
- crimes of business enterprise such as embezzlement, price f…
- crimes that affect the environment. (p. 322)
Economic crime
-an act committed in violation of the criminal law for the pu…
Blue collar crimes
- traditional common law theft crimes such as larceny, burgla…
32 terms
Introduction to Criminology (Crim 100)- Ch 1
crimes
mala in se
mala prohibita
goals of criminal justice
actions that violate laws defining which socially harmful beh…
offenses that are wrong by nature (i.e. murder, rape)
offenses prohibited by law, but not necessarily wrong in them…
doing justice, controlling crime, preventing crime
crimes
actions that violate laws defining which socially harmful beh…
mala in se
offenses that are wrong by nature (i.e. murder, rape)
27 terms
Introduction to Crime & Criminology Chapter 1
What is Criminology?
What are some fields of study that can…
What is the difference between crime a…
What are the 3 views of crime?
Criminology is the scientific study of the nature, extent, ca…
Sociology, psychology, law, penology, political science, engi…
Crime is action or omission that constitutes an offense that…
Consensus view, conflict view, and interactionist view.
What is Criminology?
Criminology is the scientific study of the nature, extent, ca…
What are some fields of study that can…
Sociology, psychology, law, penology, political science, engi…
51 terms
SOCI 221: Introduction to Criminology UMT
White Collar Crime
Organizational Crimes
kkjhOccupational Crimes
WCC Characteristics of Offenders
Any Crime committed by a person of high quality or respectabi…
Carried out by individuals or groups in the normal course of…
Carried out by individuals or groups in the normal course of…
Male, White, Rich, Educated, 25 - 39 Years of Age
White Collar Crime
Any Crime committed by a person of high quality or respectabi…
Organizational Crimes
Carried out by individuals or groups in the normal course of…
20 terms
Ch. 1 Introduction to Criminological Theory
Causality
Empirical Validity
Ideology
Internal Logical Consistency
A concept more applicable to the hard sciences. Does the appe…
This is the most important factor in evaluating a theory, and…
A belief system and a set of core values or philosophy. In a…
A theory needs to be presented in a logical manner and to hav…
Causality
A concept more applicable to the hard sciences. Does the appe…
Empirical Validity
This is the most important factor in evaluating a theory, and…
25 terms
Criminology Final Introduction to Criminal Justice
justice
criminal justice
police
courts
the principle of fairness; the ideal of moral equity
the aspects of social justice that concern violations of the…
enforce laws, pick up criminals, investigate crimes, keep peo…
conduct fair trials, ensure justice is served impartially, de…
justice
the principle of fairness; the ideal of moral equity
criminal justice
the aspects of social justice that concern violations of the…
15 terms
Chapter 1: Introduction to Criminological Theory
Macro
Micro
Scope
Parsimony
A theory that addresses broader questions about differences a…
A theory that focuses specifically on small-group or individu…
The range of phenomena that it proposes to explain
The conciseness and abstract mess of a set of concepts and pr…
Macro
A theory that addresses broader questions about differences a…
Micro
A theory that focuses specifically on small-group or individu…
15 terms
Chapter 1 Introduction to Criminological Theory
Macro
Micro
Scope
Parsimony
...
...
...
...
Macro
...
Micro
...
34 terms
CRJU61183: Introduction to Criminological Theory
Scientific Theory:
Theory:
Criminology:
Theories of Making and Enforcing Crimi…
make statements about the relationships between observable ph…
is a set of interconnected statements or propositions that ex…
Edwin H. Sutherland (1947) the study of the entire process of…
Offer answers to questions of how or why certain behavior and…
Scientific Theory:
make statements about the relationships between observable ph…
Theory:
is a set of interconnected statements or propositions that ex…
9 terms
Introduction to Criminology Chapter 3≥
Age-crime debate
gender
Social class
institution
Why do most criminals mature out of crime?
is the best predictor of criminality
not included in UCR
stable social patterns that serve a broad range of crucial fu…
Age-crime debate
Why do most criminals mature out of crime?
gender
is the best predictor of criminality
29 terms
Introduction to Criminology (Crim 100)- Ch 4
3 Eras of Policing
Political Era
sheriff
U.S. Marshals
Political Era, Professional Model Era, Community Policing Era
(1840-1920) Police departments had strong ties to the politic…
top law enforcement official in county government who was an…
federal law enforcement officials appointed to handle duties…
3 Eras of Policing
Political Era, Professional Model Era, Community Policing Era
Political Era
(1840-1920) Police departments had strong ties to the politic…
43 terms
Introduction to Criminology (Crim 100)- Ch 3
legal responsibility
civil law
substantive criminal law
procedural criminal law
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
law defining the procedure that criminal justice officials mu…
legal responsibility
the accountability of an individual for a crime because of th…
civil law
law regulating the relationships between or among individuals…
16 terms
Section I: Introduction and Overview of Crime and Criminology
criminology
crime
harm
mala in se
An interdisciplinary science that gathers and analyzes data o…
An intentional act in violation of the criminal law committed…
The legal principle that states that crime must have a negati…
Universally condemned crimes that are "inherently bad."
criminology
An interdisciplinary science that gathers and analyzes data o…
crime
An intentional act in violation of the criminal law committed…
26 terms
CRM 110-02 Introduction to Criminology Chapter Fourteen
Globalization
International crime
Transnational crime
Nine forms of transnational crime
A process that encompasses the causes, course and consequence…
Criminal activities that threaten world order and security; i…
"Ordinary" crime that spans the boundaries and laws of two or…
-Cybercrime... -Corruption and bribery of public officials, part…
Globalization
A process that encompasses the causes, course and consequence…
International crime
Criminal activities that threaten world order and security; i…
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