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Study sets matching "introduction to pharmacology"

64 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
pharmacology is concerned with
pharmacology is the study of
most important message in pharma
how do you categorize a drug? (4 main…
the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs
substances that interact with living systems through chemical…
every time we give a drug to a patient, we are doing an exper…
- by it's class... - mechanism of action... - condition it's treati…
pharmacology is concerned with
the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs
pharmacology is the study of
substances that interact with living systems through chemical…
61 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
pharmacokinetics (movement of drugs):…
absorption
rate of absorption
amount of absorption
absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion
the movement of a drug from its site of administration into t…
will determine how soon effects will begin
helps determine how intense effects will be
pharmacokinetics (movement of drugs):…
absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion
absorption
the movement of a drug from its site of administration into t…
28 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
agonist
antagonist
brand name
caplet
medication that produces a desired response
medication that acts against another or produces opposing eff…
same as trade name
tablet in shape of capsule
agonist
medication that produces a desired response
antagonist
medication that acts against another or produces opposing eff…
34 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
pharmacology
drug
approved drug
unapproved drug
a study of natural and synthetic drugs and how they act in th…
agent for prevention, cure, treatment, diagnosis of disease
must meet FDA requirements for safety and efficacy
has a health claim but no approval by food and drug administr…
pharmacology
a study of natural and synthetic drugs and how they act in th…
drug
agent for prevention, cure, treatment, diagnosis of disease
31 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Generic Name
Brand (trade) Name
OTC or nonprescription medications
Prescription Requirements
official drug name given by the drug company... ex) ibuprofen
commercial name of drug ... ex) Advil
FDA says these drugs are safe... These can be bought at a drugst…
Date... Name of Pt... Dose... Drug... Purpose (for prn)... Rx... Prescriber's S…
Generic Name
official drug name given by the drug company... ex) ibuprofen
Brand (trade) Name
commercial name of drug ... ex) Advil
70 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Drug
Drug Nomenclature - Chemical
Drug Nomenclature - Official
Drug Nomenclature - Generic
Any substance that can isagnose, treat or prevent an illness
Description of chemical composition and molecular structure
Followed by USP or NF
Official name approved by FDA
Drug
Any substance that can isagnose, treat or prevent an illness
Drug Nomenclature - Chemical
Description of chemical composition and molecular structure
11 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Biotechnology
Brand (trade) name
Controlled Substances
Drug Classifications
Process that may involve manipulating DNA and RNA and recombi…
Manufacturer's chosen name for a drug, which is protected by…
Drugs that are categorized by federal law according to therap…
Groups of medications that are classified according to their…
Biotechnology
Process that may involve manipulating DNA and RNA and recombi…
Brand (trade) name
Manufacturer's chosen name for a drug, which is protected by…
108 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
What are the three phases that a medic…
Pharmaceutic Phase
Pharmacokinetic Phase
What are the 4 processes of the pharma…
Pharmaceutic, Pharmacokinetic, Pharmacodynamic
When the drug becomes a solution so that it can cross the bio…
Focuses on movement of drug in the body after it is administe…
Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion ... ADME
What are the three phases that a medic…
Pharmaceutic, Pharmacokinetic, Pharmacodynamic
Pharmaceutic Phase
When the drug becomes a solution so that it can cross the bio…
64 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
pharmacology is concerned with
pharmacology is the study of
most important message in pharma
how do you categorize a drug? (4 main…
the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs
substances that interact with living systems through chemical…
every time we give a drug to a patient, we are doing an exper…
- by it's class... - mechanism of action... - condition it's treati…
pharmacology is concerned with
the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs
pharmacology is the study of
substances that interact with living systems through chemical…
15 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
drug
pharmacology
pharmacodynamics
pharmacokinetics
any chemical substance that affects the physiologic processes…
science/study of drugs and their actions on living organisms
what the drug does the the body
what the body does to the drug (absorption, distribution, met…
drug
any chemical substance that affects the physiologic processes…
pharmacology
science/study of drugs and their actions on living organisms
39 terms
Pharmacology Introduction
Pharmacology
Pharmacotherapy
Pharmacotherapeutics
Pharmacokinetics
the study of drugs/medicines... (the science dealing with the pr…
the treatment with drug/medicines
field that studies drug use in treatment of disease
movement of drugs throughout the body
Pharmacology
the study of drugs/medicines... (the science dealing with the pr…
Pharmacotherapy
the treatment with drug/medicines
65 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmokos--
--ology
Drugs
Biomedical study of the INTERACTIONS OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES w…
drug, medicine
the study of
-Substances that affect living or biological systems.... -Alter…
Pharmacology
Biomedical study of the INTERACTIONS OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES w…
Pharmokos--
drug, medicine
8 terms
Introduction to pharmacology
Therapeutic class of a drug
Pharmacologic class of a drug
Pharmacodynamics
ADME
What the drug is used to treat
How the drug uses it's physiologic effects in the body. AKA m…
What the body does to the drug- ADME
Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion
Therapeutic class of a drug
What the drug is used to treat
Pharmacologic class of a drug
How the drug uses it's physiologic effects in the body. AKA m…
17 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmaceutics
The study or science of drugs.
A branch of pharmacology. What the drug does to the body and…
A branch of pharmacology. What the body does to the drug as i…
A branch of pharmacology. The study of how dosage forms influ…
Pharmacology
The study or science of drugs.
Pharmacodynamics
A branch of pharmacology. What the drug does to the body and…
170 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Clinical Pharmacology
Therapeutics
Drug
the study of drugs and their interactions with living systems
the study of drugs in humans
treatment of disease and the action of its remedial agents
any chemicals that can affect living systems and processes *f…
Pharmacology
the study of drugs and their interactions with living systems
Clinical Pharmacology
the study of drugs in humans
35 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacokinetics
What Factors Determine the Response to…
Efficacy
What the drug does to the body
What the body does to the drug
1. Efficacy... 2. Potency, Affinity & Dose... 3. Number of Receptor…
Compares effect of 2+ drugs... Full Agonist: Efficacy = 1... Parti…
Pharmacodynamics
What the drug does to the body
Pharmacokinetics
What the body does to the drug
50 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Premature babies have underdeveloped l…
Pharmacology is the study of and their…
When a drug dose for a pediatric patie…
If a drug has a systemic effect, it ca…
lower doses... See Turley p. 47-48.
drugs... See Turley, p. 1.
weight... See Turley p. 72.
throughout the body ... See Turley, p. 51.
Premature babies have underdeveloped l…
lower doses... See Turley p. 47-48.
Pharmacology is the study of and their…
drugs... See Turley, p. 1.
44 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Metrology
Pharmacotherapeutics
Pharmacopeia
study of the nature, chemistry, effects, and uses of drugs
the science of measurements
branch of pharmacology that involves using drugs to treat, pr…
total of all authorized drugs available in a country, contain…
Pharmacology
study of the nature, chemistry, effects, and uses of drugs
Metrology
the science of measurements
102 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Relevance to Nursing- Patient Safety... (…
Steps in the nursing process ... "ANPIE"
Baseline Assessment data includes
Pre-administration assessment ... (to eva…
right drug, patient, dose, route, time, assessment, documenta…
assessment... analysis-nursing diagnosis... planning... implementation…
interviewing, observation , physical examination, laboratory,…
-Collect baseline data... -Identify high-risk patients... -assess s…
Relevance to Nursing- Patient Safety... (…
right drug, patient, dose, route, time, assessment, documenta…
Steps in the nursing process ... "ANPIE"
assessment... analysis-nursing diagnosis... planning... implementation…
259 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology definition
Pharmacotherapeutics
Subsections of pharmacotherapeutics
Pharmacokinetics
The study of drugs that interact with living systems through…
The area of pharmacology that refers to the use of specific d…
Pharmacokinetics... Pharmacodynamics
The study of how the body deals with the drug in terms the wa…
Pharmacology definition
The study of drugs that interact with living systems through…
Pharmacotherapeutics
The area of pharmacology that refers to the use of specific d…
38 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
define pharmacology and drugs. describ…
how can drugs be classified? describe…
what are two major subdivisions in pha…
define pk. what are the 4 divisions of…
define pharmacology and drugs. describ…
how can drugs be classified? describe…
16 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
A patient asks you the difference betw…
Distribution
Metabolism
Excretion
1. has the same chemical composition as the brand-name drug.…
The movement of a drug by the circulatory system to its inten…
The change of a drug into a more or less potent or more solub…
The removal of the drug or its metabolites through the kidney…
A patient asks you the difference betw…
1. has the same chemical composition as the brand-name drug.…
Distribution
The movement of a drug by the circulatory system to its inten…
15 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Therapeutics
Pharmacotherapy
Therapeutic response/effect
the study of medicine... -how drugs are administered... -where drug…
concerned with prevention of disease and treatment of suffering
the application of drugs for disease prevention and treatment…
desirable response (good)
Pharmacology
the study of medicine... -how drugs are administered... -where drug…
Therapeutics
concerned with prevention of disease and treatment of suffering
44 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
absorption
adverse effects
affinity
agonist
The process of drug movement into the systemic circulation.
Harmful effects.
Attractive force.
A drug that binds to a receptor and produces a stimulatory re…
absorption
The process of drug movement into the systemic circulation.
adverse effects
Harmful effects.
26 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Xenobiotic
Drug
Prodrug
Pharmacodynamics
any chemical that is foreign to your body
Any substance that changes biologic function
Inactive form of a drug that is converted to active form in b…
the actions of the drug on the body; usually mediated through…
Xenobiotic
any chemical that is foreign to your body
Drug
Any substance that changes biologic function
40 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmacognosy
Pharmacy
Pharmacotherapeutics
the study of the origin, structure, composition, and preparat…
the study of medicines derived from plants and other natural…
the art, science, or profession of preparing and dispensing m…
The study of the therapeutic uses & effects of drugs
Pharmacology
the study of the origin, structure, composition, and preparat…
Pharmacognosy
the study of medicines derived from plants and other natural…
56 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Neuropharmacology
Psychopharmacology
Neuropsychopharmacology
The study of the actions of drugs and their effects on living…
The study of drug-induced changes in nervous system functioning
Emphasis on drug-induced changes in mood, thinking, and behav…
Identifies chemical substances that act on the nervous system…
Pharmacology
The study of the actions of drugs and their effects on living…
Neuropharmacology
The study of drug-induced changes in nervous system functioning
Pharmacology-Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drugs
Drugs
Pharmaceutical phase... Pharmacokinetic p…
Body of knowledge concerned with the action of chemicals on b…
Any substance that brings about change in biologic function t…
Articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation,…
Phases of drug activity
Pharmacology
Body of knowledge concerned with the action of chemicals on b…
Drugs
Any substance that brings about change in biologic function t…
28 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
Study of the interactions of chemical substances (drugs) with…
Can be any substance that when admininistered to a human or a…
The process of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and…
The action of drugs on target organs (how does the drug work?…
Pharmacology
Study of the interactions of chemical substances (drugs) with…
Drug
Can be any substance that when admininistered to a human or a…
44 terms
Ch. 1 Introduction to Pharmacology
adverse effect
agonist
antagonist
chemical name
general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug eff…
drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic res…
drug that binds to a receptor and interferes with other drugs…
name that defines the chemical composition of a drug
adverse effect
general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug eff…
agonist
drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic res…
55 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Main Subdivisions of Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
Simply -The study of drugs... Scientifically -The study of the b…
Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
What the body does to the drug
What the drug does to the body
Pharmacology
Simply -The study of drugs... Scientifically -The study of the b…
Main Subdivisions of Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
26 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
drug
therapeutics
Toxicology
the study of drugs
Any chemical, excluding food, that interacts with living orga…
use of drugs for the treatment of disease
study of poisons and adverse drug reactions
Pharmacology
the study of drugs
drug
Any chemical, excluding food, that interacts with living orga…
108 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
Chemical Name
Grants approval so drugs can be marketed in the US... - determin…
regulates trade practices of drug companies and prohibits fal…
Regulates manufacture and distribution of substances taht hav…
name given while drug is being investigated; determined by ch…
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Grants approval so drugs can be marketed in the US... - determin…
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
regulates trade practices of drug companies and prohibits fal…
114 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Similar
Generic Name
Brand or trade name
The study of drugs and their effect on the human body
Drugs in the same category act in a __________ manner
Company develops drug and gives it official name
Drug's commercial name, which may vary
Pharmacology
The study of drugs and their effect on the human body
Similar
Drugs in the same category act in a __________ manner
57 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Etiology of Drug Names
Chemical Name
Generic Name
Trade Name
chemical name ... generic name ... trade name
specifies the chemical structure
the official name under which licensed by the FDA... - name assi…
name associated with a company that markets the drug ... - propr…
Etiology of Drug Names
chemical name ... generic name ... trade name
Chemical Name
specifies the chemical structure
16 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Clinical pharmacology
Therapeutics
the study of drugs and their interactions with living systems…
any chemical that can affect living processes
the study of drugs in humans
the use of drugs to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease to pr…
Pharmacology
the study of drugs and their interactions with living systems…
Drug
any chemical that can affect living processes
34 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Salves with thymes
Dioscorides
Susruta
Pre-experimental period
Earliest prescription from 2100 BCE
Greek army surgeon, described more than 600 medicinal plants
Hindu physician described the principles of Ayuverdic medicin…
Depends on experience rather that experimentation. Trial and…
Salves with thymes
Earliest prescription from 2100 BCE
Dioscorides
Greek army surgeon, described more than 600 medicinal plants
10 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Physicians... Nurses ... Physician's Assista…
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938
OTC... Prescribed ... Generic ... Brand/Trade n…
PO, IM, Subcut, transdermal, topical,…
Identify groups of occupations/ professions in which knowledg…
Described the role of the United States Food and Drug Adminis…
Define common terminology used in describing drug use propert…
Describe common terminology used for medication administration.
Physicians... Nurses ... Physician's Assista…
Identify groups of occupations/ professions in which knowledg…
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938
Described the role of the United States Food and Drug Adminis…
24 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Adverse effect
agonist
antagonist
chemical name
general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug eff…
drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic res…
drug that binds to a receptor and interferes with other drugs…
name that defines the chemical composition of a drug.
Adverse effect
general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug eff…
agonist
drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic res…
44 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Chemical name
Generic name
Trade name
Four Drug Sources
Chemical Composition
Name used in compendiums and drugs lists (ex. Acetaminophen)
Registered Drug Owner (Tylenol)
Plants, Animals, Minerals and Chemicals
Chemical name
Chemical Composition
Generic name
Name used in compendiums and drugs lists (ex. Acetaminophen)
20 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
pharmacology
pharmacodynamics
pharmacokinetics
multipharmacy
is defined as the science that deals with the origin, nature,…
the study of the biochemical and physiological affects of dru…
the absorption of drugs, distribution, metabolism and excreti…
many drugs taken by individual especially seen in the elderly…
pharmacology
is defined as the science that deals with the origin, nature,…
pharmacodynamics
the study of the biochemical and physiological affects of dru…
39 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
Define pharmacology.
Define pharmaceutics.
Define pharmacokinetics
What does pharmacokinetics determine?
The study of drugs including their actions and effects on liv…
The study of the ways in which various drug formulations infl…
Refers to the movements of a drug into, through, and out of t…
The onset, duration and intensity of a drugs effect
Define pharmacology.
The study of drugs including their actions and effects on liv…
Define pharmaceutics.
The study of the ways in which various drug formulations infl…
22 terms
Pharmacology Introduction
3 types of drug names
Abbreviations for dosage
Drug Classification
Pharmacology
- Chemical - long name, refers to the chemical structure of t…
bid = twice a day, ... tid = 3x a day, ... qid = 4x a day, ... Q4 hour…
OTC = Over the counter... Prescription (Controlled Substance):…
science of drugs
3 types of drug names
- Chemical - long name, refers to the chemical structure of t…
Abbreviations for dosage
bid = twice a day, ... tid = 3x a day, ... qid = 4x a day, ... Q4 hour…
59 terms
introduction to pharmacology
drug
pharmacology
clinical pharmacology
therapeutics
-any chemical that can affect living processes... -cannot give c…
-the study of drugs and their interactions with living system…
-the study of drugs in humans... -includes study of drugs in pat…
-the use of drugs to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease/ pre…
drug
-any chemical that can affect living processes... -cannot give c…
pharmacology
-the study of drugs and their interactions with living system…
22 terms
Chapter 32, Introduction to Pharmacology
Addison's disease
adrenal atrophy
adrenocorticotropic hormone
anterior pituitary
condition of adrenocortical insufficiency leading to hypoglyc…
shrinkage of the adrenal cortex following long term corticost…
released from the pituitary, causing the adrenal gland to rel…
also called the adenohypophysis, secretes adrenocorticotrophi…
Addison's disease
condition of adrenocortical insufficiency leading to hypoglyc…
adrenal atrophy
shrinkage of the adrenal cortex following long term corticost…
23 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
What is Pharmacology
What is meant by the term Pharmacodyna…
What is meant by the term Pharmacokine…
What are Schedule 8 drugs, how are the…
The study of chemical agents (drugs) that interact with livin…
Where a drug acts in the body (site of action)... Biochemical,…
The way in which the body varies the drug concentration with…
What is Pharmacology
The study of chemical agents (drugs) that interact with livin…
What is meant by the term Pharmacodyna…
Where a drug acts in the body (site of action)... Biochemical,…
19 terms
Chapter 1, Introduction to Pharmacology
biologic
black box warning
clinical pharmacology
complementary and alternative medicine…
an agent that is naturally produced in animal cells, microorg…
a black label on drug package inserts identifying extreme adv…
the evaluation of drugs used for human benefit
includes physical therapy, occupational therapy, massage, bio…
biologic
an agent that is naturally produced in animal cells, microorg…
black box warning
a black label on drug package inserts identifying extreme adv…
19 terms
Chapter 14, Introduction to Pharmacology
adjuvant analgesic
analgesic
aura
endogenous opioid
also called co-analgesics, drugs that enhance the effect of p…
medications to relieve pain
sensory cues including sight, smell, and hearing that occur p…
an opiate-like substance produced by the body, such as endorp…
adjuvant analgesic
also called co-analgesics, drugs that enhance the effect of p…
analgesic
medications to relieve pain
22 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
What some common nursing diagnoses rel…
Pharmacology
What is a drug?
Pharmacotherapeutics
- Deficient knowledge... - Risk for injury... - Noncompliance
- Study of drugs (chemicals) that alter function of living or…
A chemical agent that is capable of producing a biological re…
Application of medicinal agents for: prevention of disease, m…
What some common nursing diagnoses rel…
- Deficient knowledge... - Risk for injury... - Noncompliance
Pharmacology
- Study of drugs (chemicals) that alter function of living or…
162 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology
How many adults take medication?
What part of the population takes 5 or…
How many preventable medical errors ar…
Medical errors are the ____ leading ca…
4 out of 5 adults
1/3 of the population
1.5 million
6th
How many adults take medication?
4 out of 5 adults
What part of the population takes 5 or…
1/3 of the population
1 of 10