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Study sets matching "ionic bonds atomic"

21 terms
Atoms, ionic and covalent bonding
Charge on an atom
Approximate mass of an electron
Charge on a lithium, sodium or potassi…
Charge on a fluoride, chloride or brom…
0
0
+1
-1
Charge on an atom
0
Approximate mass of an electron
0
8 terms
Atomic Structure and Ionic Bonding
Nucleus
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
The central part of an atom. It contains protons and neutrons.
The number of protons in an atom is called its ATOMIC NUMBER.…
Neutrons have a neutral charge (meaning they are neither posi…
These are arranged around the nucleus in energy levels, or sh…
Nucleus
The central part of an atom. It contains protons and neutrons.
Protons
The number of protons in an atom is called its ATOMIC NUMBER.…
67 terms
atoms and ionic bonds
when 2 atoms form a bond, this results…
atoms are held together in _____
chemical compounds involve ____
covalent bonds
lower
compounds by chemical bonds
electrons
non-metal + non-metal or metalloid
when 2 atoms form a bond, this results…
lower
atoms are held together in _____
compounds by chemical bonds
18 terms
Ionic Bonds And Atoms Vocabulary
Element
Compound
Pure substance examples
Mixture examples
Simplest form of matter; cannot be separated into simpler sub…
Consist of atoms of 2 or more elements bound together by chem…
Atoms and compounds
Homogeneous mixture (example: solution) and heterogeneous mix…
Element
Simplest form of matter; cannot be separated into simpler sub…
Compound
Consist of atoms of 2 or more elements bound together by chem…
10 terms
Atomic radius and ionic bonding
Atomic radius
Trends across a period
Trends down a group
Electronegativity
Obtained by getting half the distance between the centres of…
Atomic radius decreases... 1. Increase in nuclear charge (number…
Atomic radius increases... 1. In crease in number of shells.... 2.…
The relative power of attraction an atom has for the shared p…
Atomic radius
Obtained by getting half the distance between the centres of…
Trends across a period
Atomic radius decreases... 1. Increase in nuclear charge (number…
29 terms
Atoms, Ionic bonds, Covalent bonds
valence electrons
what does the # of valence electrons i…
electron dot diagram
how many valence electrons are needed…
electrons in the highest energy level and held most loosely
it determines how many ways an atom can bond with other atoms
shows the symbol for an element surrounded by dots that stand…
eight
valence electrons
electrons in the highest energy level and held most loosely
what does the # of valence electrons i…
it determines how many ways an atom can bond with other atoms
39 terms
Atomic Structure and Ionic bonding
What does the nucleus of an atom conta…
What does a shell contain?
Mass number
Proton Number
Protons (which have a positive charge) and neutrons (which ha…
Electrons
The number of protons added to the number of neutrons
The number of electrons
What does the nucleus of an atom conta…
Protons (which have a positive charge) and neutrons (which ha…
What does a shell contain?
Electrons
18 terms
Counting Atoms, ionic and covalent bonds
subscript
coefficient
Lewis Dot Diagram
polar covalent bond
small number that tell the atom count of the element directly…
number that shows how many molecules of a substance are invol…
Diagram of an atom, ion or molecule in which each dot represe…
A covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
subscript
small number that tell the atom count of the element directly…
coefficient
number that shows how many molecules of a substance are invol…
26 terms
Atoms, ionic bonding , ph
Valence electron
How many electrons will usually comple…
What are two elements that only have o…
How many electrons complete the first…
On the outer most energy level
8 ( if they don't have 8 they will bond with other atoms.)
Hydrogen and helium (2 electrons will complete their outer sh…
2
Valence electron
On the outer most energy level
How many electrons will usually comple…
8 ( if they don't have 8 they will bond with other atoms.)
32 terms
Atoms and Ionic bonding
What is Aristotle's theory?
What is Democritus' theory?
Why wasn't Democritus considered a sci…
Who thought of the Atomic Theory?
...
...
...
...
What is Aristotle's theory?
...
What is Democritus' theory?
...
27 terms
Bonding Ionic and Covalent atoms
chemical bond
valence
stable
octet rule
the force that holds two atoms together
___________ electrons hold the key to bonding
the atom becomes more _________ when the outermost energy lev…
the rule of having 8 valence electrons
chemical bond
the force that holds two atoms together
valence
___________ electrons hold the key to bonding
18 terms
Counting Atoms, ionic and covalent bonds
subscript
coefficient
Lewis Dot Diagram
polar covalent bond
small number that tell the atom count of the element directly…
number that shows how many molecules of a substance are invol…
Diagram of an atom, ion or molecule in which each dot represe…
A covalent bond between atoms that differ in electronegativit…
subscript
small number that tell the atom count of the element directly…
coefficient
number that shows how many molecules of a substance are invol…
Bonding Ionic and Covalent atoms
the force that holds two atoms together
___________ electrons hold the key to…
the atom becomes more _________ when t…
the rule of having 8 valence electrons
chemical bond
valence
stable
octet rule
the force that holds two atoms together
chemical bond
___________ electrons hold the key to…
valence
32 terms
Bonding Ionic and Covalent atoms
the force that holds two atoms together
___________ electrons hold the key to…
the atom becomes more _________ when t…
the rule of having 8 valence electrons
chemical bond
valence
stable
octet rule
the force that holds two atoms together
chemical bond
___________ electrons hold the key to…
valence
21 terms
ch 3 atomic and ionic bonds
any force that holds atoms and ions to…
a bond that results when two non metal…
electrostatic attraction between the r…
a charged particle
chemical bonds
covalent bond
ionic bonds
ions
any force that holds atoms and ions to…
chemical bonds
a bond that results when two non metal…
covalent bond
8 terms
Science - Atomic Structure and Ionic Bonding
Nucleus
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
The central part of an atom. It contains protons and neutrons.
The number of protons in an atom is called its ATOMIC NUMBER.
Neutrons have a neutral charge (meaning they are neither posi…
These arranged around the nucleus in energy levels, or shells…
Nucleus
The central part of an atom. It contains protons and neutrons.
Protons
The number of protons in an atom is called its ATOMIC NUMBER.
10 terms
Atomic Structure & a Ionic bonding
Isotopes
Cations
Anions
Giant lattice structure
atoms of the same number of protons and electrons, but differ…
positive ions
negative ions
Isotopes
atoms of the same number of protons and electrons, but differ…
Cations
positive ions
16 terms
Atomic bonds (ionic, metallic, and covalent)
Ionic bonds
Ion
Polyatomic ion
Cation
A bond between metals and nonmetals
An atom or a group of atoms with charge
A group of atoms with charge
Ion with positive charge
Ionic bonds
A bond between metals and nonmetals
Ion
An atom or a group of atoms with charge
11 terms
Atoms and Ionic Bonds (chapter three)
Chemical Bond
Covalent Bond
The most common chemical bond
Molecule
Binds atoms together in compounds
Two atoms equally sharing several (usually two) electrons
Covalent Bond
Unit of matter that occurs when two or more atoms are joined…
Chemical Bond
Binds atoms together in compounds
Covalent Bond
Two atoms equally sharing several (usually two) electrons
73 terms
Chapter 3 - Atoms and Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Molecule components
Diatomic Molecule
A bond that results when two atoms share electrons
The unit of matter that results when two or more atoms are jo…
ONLY nonmetals
Contains only two atoms
Covalent Bond
A bond that results when two atoms share electrons
Molecule
The unit of matter that results when two or more atoms are jo…
19 terms
Chapter 3: Atoms and Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic Gases
Ionic Bond
2 atoms share electrons, most common; nonmetal-nonmetal
2 or more atoms joined by covalent bond
H2, N2, O2, F2, Cl2, Br2, I2
transfer of electrons from one atom to another; metal-nonmetal
Covalent Bond
2 atoms share electrons, most common; nonmetal-nonmetal
Molecule
2 or more atoms joined by covalent bond
21 terms
Ch. 3 Atoms & Ionic Bonds
Chemical Bond
covalent bond
covalent bond
ions
created by a "transfer" of electrons
2 or more electrons are shared
formed between 2 non metals
in chem reactions, form ionic compunds
Chemical Bond
created by a "transfer" of electrons
covalent bond
2 or more electrons are shared
37 terms
Chapter 3: Atoms and Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bond
Diatomic Molecule
Polyatomic Molecule
Ionic Bond
-bond when two atoms share electrons... -nonmetals
contains only two atoms... ex: H, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I
contains more than two atoms... ex: O3, H2O, NH3, CH4
-transfer of one or more electrons from one atom to another... -…
Covalent Bond
-bond when two atoms share electrons... -nonmetals
Diatomic Molecule
contains only two atoms... ex: H, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I
35 terms
Chapter 3- Atoms and Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bond
Ball-and-Stick Model
Space-filling Model
Ionic Bond
A bond formed when 2 atoms share several electrons
Show atoms joined together by covalent bonds (sticks)
Portray the overall molecular shape but don't explicitly show…
Electrostatic attraction between the resulting charged partic…
Covalent Bond
A bond formed when 2 atoms share several electrons
Ball-and-Stick Model
Show atoms joined together by covalent bonds (sticks)
11 terms
Atomic structure, Ionic & Covalent Bonding
Proton
Electron
Neutron
Protons and electrons
1 / positive / nucleus
0 / negative / electron cloud
1 / neutral / nucleus
In an atom the number of protons are equal to the number of e…
Proton
1 / positive / nucleus
Electron
0 / negative / electron cloud
98 terms
Science Ionic bonding and atomic structure
What is the charge of a proton?
What is the charge of an electron?
What is the charge of a neutron?
What is the symbol of a proton?
+1
-1
0
p+
What is the charge of a proton?
+1
What is the charge of an electron?
-1
24 terms
Chemistry: Ionic Bonds, Covalent Bonds, Atoms.....
Ion
Polyatomic Ion
Ionic Bond
Ionic Compound
An atom or group of atoms that has an electric charge
Ions that are made of more than 1 atom
The attraction between two oppositely charged ions
A compound made up of positive and negative ions
Ion
An atom or group of atoms that has an electric charge
Polyatomic Ion
Ions that are made of more than 1 atom
22 terms
Atomic structure, Ionic bonding and Ionic Compound GCSE
What is the number of protons in an at…
What is the mass number ?
What is an atom ?
What is contained in the nucleus of an…
Atomic number (proton number)
Counts the total of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an…
the smallest particle of a chemical element that can exist.
Protons and neutrons
What is the number of protons in an at…
Atomic number (proton number)
What is the mass number ?
Counts the total of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an…
20 terms
Ionic Bonds
Which is a characteristic of all ions?
Which is an example of a polyatomic ion?
Which atom is most likely to accept el…
Which two elements will most likely fo…
They have one overall charge.
CO3
sulfur, a nonmetal with 6 valence electrons
magnesium and silicon
Which is a characteristic of all ions?
They have one overall charge.
Which is an example of a polyatomic ion?
CO3
42 terms
Ions, Ionic and Covalent bonding, atomic structure
ion
isotope
anion
cation
A charged atom
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
A negatively charged ion
A positively charged ion
ion
A charged atom
isotope
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
11 terms
Atoms, Compounds and Isotopes, Ionic Bonding
What does the mass number tell us?
What does the atomic number tell us?
What do atoms of the same element have…
When are compounds formed?
Total number of protons and neutrons
Number of protons
Same number of protons
When atoms of two or more elements are chemically combined to…
What does the mass number tell us?
Total number of protons and neutrons
What does the atomic number tell us?
Number of protons
28 terms
Atoms, Bonding, The periodic Table, and Ionic Bonds
Valence Electrons have the highest____…
Where are valence electrons located?
Atoms with a complete outer shell tend…
Atoms of most elements are more stable…
Energy.
They are the outermost electrons of an atom.
Stable (and less likely to react).
8, (or basically a complete outer shell, for example helium).
Valence Electrons have the highest____…
Energy.
Where are valence electrons located?
They are the outermost electrons of an atom.
42 terms
Science Test- Ionic Bonds, Atomic and Bonding, Covalent Bonds, Radioactive Elements
electron orbits
electron shells
electron shells
by the electron shells
electron rotating around the nucleus
electrons are ordered into definitive layers, or orbits aroun…
______ are located around the nucleus of an atom.
how are electrons ordered by
electron orbits
electron rotating around the nucleus
electron shells
electrons are ordered into definitive layers, or orbits aroun…
42 terms
Science Test- Ionic Bonds, Atomic and Bonding, Covalent Bonds, Radioactive Elements
electron orbits
electron shells
electron shells
by the electron shells
electron rotating around the nucleus
electrons are ordered into definitive layers, or orbits aroun…
______ are located around the nucleus of an atom.
how are electrons ordered by
electron orbits
electron rotating around the nucleus
electron shells
electrons are ordered into definitive layers, or orbits aroun…
Atomic structure and ionic bonding 🌯🌮🍾🍡🍥🍤🍝🍤🍤🍖🍑🍑🍑🍑🍌🌶🍇🍇🍆🍈🍈🍈🍈🍈🍈🍈🏋🎟🎫🎷🎫🎫👾👾👾👾👾👾📱🔦🕯🗑📿📿📿📿🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🕳🚽✂️✂️✂️✂️✂️✂️📌✂️📌✂️📌🖇📌🖇📌📌📌🖇📌📌🔓📝📇🗞🗞🗞🗞🗞📇📇🗒♉️♓️☯💟💮💮💮💮💮💮💮 ♨️♨️♨️♨️♨️🔞🚱💯🚳🚯💯💯🚷💯💯💯📵💯💯💯💯💯❔💯‼️‼️‼️‼️‼️💯♻️♻️♻️♻️♻️♻️♻️♻️♻️🆒🆕🆖🆗🆙🆓6️⃣🔢🔢⏹8️⃣⏩🔼⏸🎵✔️🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🗯🇨🇦
Isotopes
Duplet electronic configuration
Octet electronic configuration
Cations
Atoms of the same element with the same number of protons and…
Two valence electrons
Eight valence electrons (octopus)
Positive ions, formed when atoms lose electrons
Isotopes
Atoms of the same element with the same number of protons and…
Duplet electronic configuration
Two valence electrons
11 terms
Chemistry - Atomic structures, ions and ionic bonds
Tells you the number of electrons in e…
An element that has the same number of…
Charged atoms or molecules.
Made up of 2 or more different elements.
Electronic configuration
Isotope
Ions
Polyatomic ions
Tells you the number of electrons in e…
Electronic configuration
An element that has the same number of…
Isotope
13 terms
CHM110 Ch.3 Atoms and Ionic Bonds
Two types of... CHEMICAL BONDS
MOLECULE: Covalent Bonds
Diatomic molecules
Ionic Bond
Ionic Bonds (Metal + NonMetal atoms)... Covalent Bonds (2+ Nonme…
Two atoms (usually two+ nonmetals) share electrons together.
Two identical atoms are held together by covalent bonds.... I.e…
THE RESULT, of when a complete transfer of one or more electr…
Two types of... CHEMICAL BONDS
Ionic Bonds (Metal + NonMetal atoms)... Covalent Bonds (2+ Nonme…
MOLECULE: Covalent Bonds
Two atoms (usually two+ nonmetals) share electrons together.
16 terms
Ionic Bonding
Octet Rule
Metals
Non-metals
Ion
Atoms gain or lose electrons to get a full outermost energy l…
They normally lose electrons during chemical reactions. Usual…
They normally gain electrons during chemical reactions. Usual…
An atom that has a net positive or negative charge.
Octet Rule
Atoms gain or lose electrons to get a full outermost energy l…
Metals
They normally lose electrons during chemical reactions. Usual…
39 terms
Ionic/Covalent/Poly atomic Ion Bonds
(NH4)+
(NO2)-
(NO3)-
(SO3)2-
ammonium
nitrite
nitrate
sulfite
(NH4)+
ammonium
(NO2)-
nitrite
25 terms
Chapter 4 Atoms, Bonding,The Periodic Table, Ionic Bonds, Covalent Bonds
ion
Valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
An atom or group of atoms with an electrical charge
the electrons of an atom that have the highest energy
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
the force of attraction that holds atoms together as a result…
ion
An atom or group of atoms with an electrical charge
Valence electrons
the electrons of an atom that have the highest energy
14 terms
Key Terms Atoms and Bonds & Ionic Bonds 12-16
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
symbol
electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom and…
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together.
A one- or two-letter set of characters that is used to identi…
valence electrons
electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom and…
electron dot diagram
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
22 terms
Ionic Bonding, Ionic Bonds
Octet Rule
Metals
Non-metals
Ion
Atoms gain or lose electrons to get a full outermost energy l…
They normally lose electrons during chemical reactions. Usual…
They normally gain electrons during chemical reactions. Usual…
An atom that has a net positive or negative charge.
Octet Rule
Atoms gain or lose electrons to get a full outermost energy l…
Metals
They normally lose electrons during chemical reactions. Usual…
5 terms
atoms and ions also covalent, ionic and metallic bonding
the react to get a full outer shell... 'I…
what is COVALENT BONDING?
example of hydrogen atoms... 'COVALENT BO…
ionic lattice
"ionic compound"... When metals react with non-metals, electrons…
it involves sharing electrons between to atoms. its like a ha…
they join together and share the electrons
The oppositely-charged ions are arranged in a regular way to…
the react to get a full outer shell... 'I…
"ionic compound"... When metals react with non-metals, electrons…
what is COVALENT BONDING?
it involves sharing electrons between to atoms. its like a ha…
11 terms
Ionic Bonding
ions
positive ions
electrons
valence electrons
charges particles that form when atoms gain or lose electrons
when atoms lose electrons in an ionic bond
what atoms gain, lose or share when they bond
* the only parts of an atom to make chemical bonds... * an elect…
ions
charges particles that form when atoms gain or lose electrons
positive ions
when atoms lose electrons in an ionic bond
27 terms
Atoms, Bonding and the Periodic Table + Ionic Compounds
Valence Electrons
electron dot diagram
Most element are least likely to react…
Chemical bond
electrons that have the highest energy level and are held mos…
includes the symbol for the element surrounded by dots. Each…
8 valance electrons
is the force of attraction that holds two atoms together as a…
Valence Electrons
electrons that have the highest energy level and are held mos…
electron dot diagram
includes the symbol for the element surrounded by dots. Each…
17 terms
Atoms, Compounds, Molecules, Ionic, Covalent and Hydrogen Bonds
Metal are on the ______
NonMetals are on the______
Atomic Number shows the number of____
Atomic Mass shows the______
Left
Right
Protones and name of elements
Protones (+) and Neutrons (-)
Metal are on the ______
Left
NonMetals are on the______
Right
33 terms
Science Quiz: Ionic Bonding and Atomic Theory
1
2
3
4
Group 1, Electrons = ?
Group 2, Electrons = ?
Group 13, Electrons = ?
Group 14, Electrons = ?
1
Group 1, Electrons = ?
2
Group 2, Electrons = ?
26 terms
Chemistry Review - Atoms & Molecules: Ionic Bonds
Compared to covalent bonds, ionic bond…
WATER SOLUTION
A solution contains only glycerol and…
A solution is aqueous if ...
rely much less on electron-sharing.... [Covalent bonds are enti…
...
glycerol is the solvent.... [In any solution, the most abundant…
water is the solvent... [That's the definition of "aqueous." Wa…
Compared to covalent bonds, ionic bond…
rely much less on electron-sharing.... [Covalent bonds are enti…
WATER SOLUTION
...
9 terms
Atomic Theory, Ionic Bonding and Covalent Bonding Test Vocab
ATOM
COMPOUND
MOLECULE
ELEMENT
Simplest unit of element that retains the properties of that…
Two or more elements chemically combined in a specific ratio
smallest particle of a covalently bonded compound or element.…
Pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other subs…
ATOM
Simplest unit of element that retains the properties of that…
COMPOUND
Two or more elements chemically combined in a specific ratio
10 terms
Atom, Bonding, and the Periodic Table. Ionic Elements
Valence electron
Electron dot diagram
Chemical bond
Ion
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force of attraction that holds two atoms together.
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
Valence electron
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
Electron dot diagram
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
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