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Study sets matching "ions"

10 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Plasma membrane and cell transport
What is selective permeability?
What does Active Transport required to…
Bacteria cell wall?
Plant cell wall?
Let only certain molecules move to cross in and out of the cell
Protien and energy
Peptogoglycon
Cellulose
What is selective permeability?
Let only certain molecules move to cross in and out of the cell
What does Active Transport required to…
Protien and energy
42 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Unit 7 ions
Naming Rules for cations
Li¹⁺
Na¹⁺
K¹⁺
Use element name and add -ion
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
Naming Rules for cations
Use element name and add -ion
Li¹⁺
lithium ion
61 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 8- Photosynthesis
control group
controlled variables
6CO2 + 6H20 -> C6H12O6 + H20
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O
experiment which shows the 'normal' condition
variables you keep constant
formula for photosynthesis
formula for cellular respiration
control group
experiment which shows the 'normal' condition
controlled variables
variables you keep constant
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Regular Chem Unit 7 Ions
Li¹⁺
Na¹⁺
K¹⁺
Be²⁺
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
beryllium ion
Li¹⁺
lithium ion
Na¹⁺
sodium ion
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chemistry Naming atoms, rules, and symbols
Li¹⁺
Na¹⁺
K¹⁺
Be²⁺
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
beryllium ion
Li¹⁺
lithium ion
Na¹⁺
sodium ion
26 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Ion list
Nh4+
Hg2/2+
CH3COO-
BrO3-
Ammonium
Dimercury
Acetate
Bromate
Nh4+
Ammonium
Hg2/2+
Dimercury
16 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Drug interactions with receptors and ion channels
Cholera toxin
Pertussis toxin
AlF4-
Lithium
αs ADP-ribosylation Inhibits GTPase activity and causes susta…
αi ADP-ribosylation Prevents activation of Gi in response to…
GTP Mimics γ-phosphate of GTP in response to receptor stimula…
Phosphatase Non-competitive inhibitor Blocks recycling of ino…
Cholera toxin
αs ADP-ribosylation Inhibits GTPase activity and causes susta…
Pertussis toxin
αi ADP-ribosylation Prevents activation of Gi in response to…
6 termscreated on December 7, 2016
polyatomic ions
nitrite
sulfite
sulfate
phosphite
NO2-1
SO3-2
SO4-2
PO3-2
nitrite
NO2-1
sulfite
SO3-2
6 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Polyatomic Ions (6)
Acetate
Arsenate
Borate
Bromate
C2H3O2^-
AsO4^3-
BO3^3-
BrO3^-
Acetate
C2H3O2^-
Arsenate
AsO4^3-
9 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Multiple Choice
Elements with a higer atomic number th…
When a substances valence electrons ar…
Which of the following is a characteri…
The final electron in inner transition…
Not found in nature
Paramagnetism
Conductors of electricity and heat
D-sub level
Elements with a higer atomic number th…
Not found in nature
When a substances valence electrons ar…
Paramagnetism
9 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Ch. 15 (Amines) terms
Amine
Quaternary ammonium ion
Amino group
Lewis base
Compound w/ 1 or more organic groups bonded to nitrogen
Positive (+) ion w/ 4 organux groups bonded to nitrogen (R4N+)
-NH2 functional group
Compound w/ an unshared pair of electrons (ie.- amine)
Amine
Compound w/ 1 or more organic groups bonded to nitrogen
Quaternary ammonium ion
Positive (+) ion w/ 4 organux groups bonded to nitrogen (R4N+)
21 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Ch.7 Vocab Test
solute
solvent
suspension
solution
substance that is present in a solution in a smaller amount a…
the part of a solution present in the largest amount
a mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
a uniform mixture that contains a solvent and at least one so…
solute
substance that is present in a solution in a smaller amount a…
solvent
the part of a solution present in the largest amount
54 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Bio Cells and Transport Test
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell Theory
Plant Cells
- Small and simple cells... - Do not contain a nucleus, DNA is f…
- Large and complex cells... - Contain a nucleus where the DNA i…
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2. The cel…
- Have cell walls... - Have chloroplasts... - Have vacuoles
Prokaryotic Cells
- Small and simple cells... - Do not contain a nucleus, DNA is f…
Eukaryotic Cells
- Large and complex cells... - Contain a nucleus where the DNA i…
18 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 6 Vocab benjamin
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Colloid
A mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
A substance that is dissolved by the solvent. Can be a gas, l…
The part of a solution usually present in the largest amount.…
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that don't…
Solution
A mixture containing a solvent and at least one solute and ha…
Solute
A substance that is dissolved by the solvent. Can be a gas, l…
318 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Basic nutrition and diet therapy terms 2
1-a-hydroxylase
Absorption
Acetone
Achalasia
The enzyme in the kidneys that catalyzes the hydroxylation re…
The process by which nutrients are taken into the cells that…
A major ketone compound that results from fat breakdown for e…
A disorder of the esophagus in which the muscles of the tube…
1-a-hydroxylase
The enzyme in the kidneys that catalyzes the hydroxylation re…
Absorption
The process by which nutrients are taken into the cells that…
39 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Module 7
Neuron
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Spinal nerves
An individual nerve cell
The brain and spinal cord
All parts of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal…
Major nerves that carry sensory and motor messages in and out…
Neuron
An individual nerve cell
Central nervous system
The brain and spinal cord
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chem Unit 7 Ions
Li¹⁺
Na¹⁺
K¹⁺
Be²⁺
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
beryllium ion
Li¹⁺
lithium ion
Na¹⁺
sodium ion
15 termscreated on December 7, 2016
science exam study guide
metalloids
isotope
mass number
atomic mass number
any chemical element which has properties in between those of…
variants of a particular chemical element which differ in neu…
total number of protons and neutrons
number of protons found in the nucleus
metalloids
any chemical element which has properties in between those of…
isotope
variants of a particular chemical element which differ in neu…
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chem Ions
Li¹⁺
Na¹⁺
K¹⁺
Be²⁺
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
beryllium ion
Li¹⁺
lithium ion
Na¹⁺
sodium ion
6 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Muscle fiber relaxation
Acetylcholinesterase decomposes acetyl…
Calcium ions are actively transported…
Atp breaks down linkages between actin…
Breakdown of atp cocks the myosin heads
1
2
3
4
Acetylcholinesterase decomposes acetyl…
1
Calcium ions are actively transported…
2
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chemistry Unit 7 Ions
Li¹⁺
Na¹⁺
K¹⁺
Be²⁺
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
beryllium ion
Li¹⁺
lithium ion
Na¹⁺
sodium ion
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chemistry Chapter 7 Ions
Li¹⁺
Na¹⁺
K¹⁺
Be²⁺
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
beryllium ion
Li¹⁺
lithium ion
Na¹⁺
sodium ion
43 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chemistry Unit 6 Acid Base Equilibrium
Sour, bitter, slippery
Amphoteric
hydronium ion
Arrhenius
Acids taste ----; bases taste --- and feel ----.
substances that can act either as an acid or a base.
A proton reacts with a water molecule to form the----
(theory) Acids are substances that, when dissolved in water,…
Sour, bitter, slippery
Acids taste ----; bases taste --- and feel ----.
Amphoteric
substances that can act either as an acid or a base.
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chem Ions
Li¹⁺
Na¹⁺
K¹⁺
Be²⁺
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
beryllium ion
Li¹⁺
lithium ion
Na¹⁺
sodium ion
16 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 2: Chemistry of Life
Solvent
Monomer
Solution
Endothermic
Substance in which solutes dissolve and that is present in gr…
Molecular subunit of a polymer
Mixture that is consistent throughout: also called a homogeno…
Chemical reaction that requires a net input of energy
Solvent
Substance in which solutes dissolve and that is present in gr…
Monomer
Molecular subunit of a polymer
8 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chemistry Test
Mass of an atom
Atom charge
Atomic #
Isotopes
Protons+neutrons
Protons-neutrons
Number of protons
Same # of protons but different # of neutrons
Mass of an atom
Protons+neutrons
Atom charge
Protons-neutrons
26 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Ch 29 T/F
Plants can synthesize all their requir…
Nickel is an essential element for pla…
A beneficial element is one that is es…
Deficiency symptoms of phloem-immobile…
true
true
true
false
Plants can synthesize all their requir…
true
Nickel is an essential element for pla…
true
16 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Monatomic Ions
Ag+
Cd2+
Ni2+
Mn2+
silver
candium
Nickel
Manganese (II)
Ag+
silver
Cd2+
candium
14 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Polyatomic Ions
Ammonia
Methane
Ammonium
Nitrite
NH3
CH4
NH4(+)
NO2(-)
Ammonia
NH3
Methane
CH4
6 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Polyatomic Ions
ammonium
nitrate
sulfate
hydroxide
NH₄⁺
NO₃⁻
SO₄²⁻
OH⁻
ammonium
NH₄⁺
nitrate
NO₃⁻
7 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chemistry Polyatomic Ions Set 1
Ammonium
Acetate
Bicarbonate
Bisulfate
NH4... +1
C2H3O2 ... -1
HCO3 ... -1
HSO4 ... -1
Ammonium
NH4... +1
Acetate
C2H3O2 ... -1
49 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Bio 100 final review
Increasing levels of organisms
NOT an activity shared by ALL living o…
All living things are able to maintain…
Largest category We group living thing…
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organism
Photosynthesis
Homeostasis
Domain
Increasing levels of organisms
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organism
NOT an activity shared by ALL living o…
Photosynthesis
10 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Muscle Fiber Contraction
An action potential is conducted down…
The motor neuron terminal releases the…
ACh binds to ACh receptors on the musc…
The sarcolemma is stimulated, an actio…
1
2
3
4
An action potential is conducted down…
1
The motor neuron terminal releases the…
2
13 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Monoatomic ions
Fluoride
Chloride
Iodide
Bromide
F-
Cl-
I-
Br-
Fluoride
F-
Chloride
Cl-
11 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Ch. 14 (Compounds w/ Oxygen, Sulfur, or a Halogen) terms
Alcohol
Phenol
Ether
Glycol
Compound w/ -OH group bonded to a saturated, alkane-like carb…
Compound w/ -OH group bonded to an aromatic ring, Ar-OH
Compound w/ an oxygen bonded to 2 organic groups, R-O-R
Dialcohol (diol) having 2 -OH groups on adjacent carbons
Alcohol
Compound w/ -OH group bonded to a saturated, alkane-like carb…
Phenol
Compound w/ -OH group bonded to an aromatic ring, Ar-OH
14 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Ch 8 vocab chemistry
Oxyacid
Covalent bond
Molecule
Lewis structure
An acid that contains both a hydrogen atom and an oxyanion
The chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
When two or more atoms bond
Electron dot diagrams can represent the arrangement of electr…
Oxyacid
An acid that contains both a hydrogen atom and an oxyanion
Covalent bond
The chemical bond that results from sharing valence electrons
10 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Polyatomic ions
(NH₄)⁺¹
(C₂H₃O₂)⁻¹
(NO₃)⁻¹
(O₂)⁻²
Ammonium
Acetate
Nitrate
Peroxide
(NH₄)⁺¹
Ammonium
(C₂H₃O₂)⁻¹
Acetate
29 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Unit 3 chem test
Single bond
Double bond
Triple bond
More bonds means...
Sigma
Sigma & pi
Sigma & 2 Pi
Higher energy to. Real it bc it's stronger
Single bond
Sigma
Double bond
Sigma & pi
42 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Unit 7 ions
Naming Rules for cations
Li¹⁺
Na¹⁺
K¹⁺
Use element name and add -ion
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
Naming Rules for cations
Use element name and add -ion
Li¹⁺
lithium ion
17 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chemistry vocabulary Ch. 6
Periodic law
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalliod
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
elements that are good conductors of heat and electric curren…
an element that tends to be a poor conductor of heat and elec…
an element that tends to have properties that are similar to…
Periodic law
When elements are arranged in order of increasing atomic numb…
Metals
elements that are good conductors of heat and electric curren…
33 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Polyatomic Ions
Acetate
Cyanide
Hydroxide
Nitrite
C₂H₃0₂⁻
CN⁻
OH⁻
NO₂⁻
Acetate
C₂H₃0₂⁻
Cyanide
CN⁻
20 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Ch.8 vocab🔬💯
Proton
Substance
Heterogeneous mixture
Homogeneous mixture
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
A mixture in which different materials can be distinguished e…
A mixture in which substances are evenly distributed througho…
Proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Substance
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
25 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Polyatomic ions, Polyatomic ions
acetate
hypochlorite
chlorite
chlorate
acetate
hypochlorite
42 termscreated on December 7, 2016
honors biology exam (chapter 2 vocab)
matter
element
compound
trace elements
anything that occupies space and has mass
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by o…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
an element that is essential for life but required in extreme…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
element
substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by o…
14 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chemistry II
Atom
Element
Proton
Neutrons
-most basic unit of matter
a. A pure chemical substance consisting of a single type of a…
1) Positively charged particles ... 2) Mass much greater than e…
1) Neutrally charged particles (no charge)... 2) About the same…
Atom
-most basic unit of matter
Element
a. A pure chemical substance consisting of a single type of a…
22 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Positive Ions
Mn+2
Mn+3
Fe+2
Fe+3
Manganous ion
Manganic ion
Ferrous ion
Ferric ion
Mn+2
Manganous ion
Mn+3
Manganic ion
11 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chemistry- Chapter 7 Vocab
Valence Electron
Electron Dot Structure
Octet Rule
Halide Ion
The electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elem…
Diagrams that show valence electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
States that in forming compounds, atoms tend to achieve the e…
A negative ion formed when a halogen atom gains an electron
Valence Electron
The electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an elem…
Electron Dot Structure
Diagrams that show valence electrons in the atoms of an eleme…
71 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Urinary System
Nephron
The Glomerulus
The Peritubular Capillaries
Loop of Henle
The functional unit of the kidney
The specialized nephron capillary bed where filtration occurs
Supply nutrients and O2 to the tubular cells, take up the sub…
The nephron structure that is especially important in the kid…
Nephron
The functional unit of the kidney
The Glomerulus
The specialized nephron capillary bed where filtration occurs
20 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 6 - Chemical Bonding
Electronegativity
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Nonpolar Covalent
a measure of the ability of an atom in a chemical compound to…
a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a…
a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
equal sharing of electrons
Electronegativity
a measure of the ability of an atom in a chemical compound to…
Ionic Bond
a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a…
6 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Science terms 3.4
Physical Properties of metals
Chemical Properties of metals
Physical Properties of nonmetals
Chemical Properties of nonmetals
Malleable, Ductile, Luster, High Density, Good Conductors of…
Corrosion, React vigoriously with acids not bases, lose valen…
Poor Conductors of heat and electricity, dull, Brittle solids…
Like to react with metals, Gain valence electrons to form ion…
Physical Properties of metals
Malleable, Ductile, Luster, High Density, Good Conductors of…
Chemical Properties of metals
Corrosion, React vigoriously with acids not bases, lose valen…
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