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Study sets matching "iran iraq war"

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Study sets matching "iran iraq war"

Iraq Iran War
1919
1952
1953
1958
British mandate over Iraq
Shared oil profits between Iraqi government/British controlle…
Overthrow of Mossadeq's government
Army coup overthrows monarchy, establishes republic
1919
British mandate over Iraq
1952
Shared oil profits between Iraqi government/British controlle…
16 terms
9. Iran Iraq War
Iraqi History
Iranian History
Sunni vs Shia
Baath Party
- Pre-Islamic rival Persian & Babylonian empires... - Arab/Musli…
- Persian Empire (550-330 BC) then largest ever... - Islamic con…
- Sunni see themselves as orthodox Islam... - 'Ahl al-Sunna', pe…
- Arab nationalist, pan-Arabism, Arab socialist & anti-imperi…
Iraqi History
- Pre-Islamic rival Persian & Babylonian empires... - Arab/Musli…
Iranian History
- Persian Empire (550-330 BC) then largest ever... - Islamic con…
20 terms
Iran - Iraq War Game
START.....
LONG TERM CAUSES
LAND AS A THEATRE OF WAR
ECONOMIC CHANGES
Iran: Shii ... Iraq: Sunni... Shatt al-Arab... 1975 Algiers Agreement
Trench Warfare... Machine Guns... Chemical Warfare: Iraq... Attack acr…
Loss of Financial Resources... Total War... Oil Value falls
"the war was more immediately the result of poor political ju…
START.....
Iran: Shii ... Iraq: Sunni... Shatt al-Arab... 1975 Algiers Agreement
LONG TERM CAUSES
Trench Warfare... Machine Guns... Chemical Warfare: Iraq... Attack acr…
9 terms
The Iran-Iraq War
Saddam Hussein
UN Resolution 598
Cost of 8 year War
Iran-Iraq War
- Iraq dictator started middle eastern wars... -1980... -no winner…
- the end of the war between Iraq and Iran
- half a million civilians... - possible twice as more troops on…
1. -Long war longer than both world wars... -Iran did not want t…
Saddam Hussein
- Iraq dictator started middle eastern wars... -1980... -no winner…
UN Resolution 598
- the end of the war between Iraq and Iran
8 terms
Iran-Iraq War
Goal
Comflicts
Invasion
The War on Drugs
Dominance if persian gulf
Arabs vs Persians ... Sunnis vs Shiites ... Ayatollah Khomeini was…
Saddam Hussein invaded Iran
Iraq used chemical weapons
Goal
Dominance if persian gulf
Comflicts
Arabs vs Persians ... Sunnis vs Shiites ... Ayatollah Khomeini was…
15 terms
The Iran-Iraq War
Why did Saddam invade?
September 1980
Attacks
War of the Cities
Khomeini had called on Iraqis to rise up and overthrow him... Sa…
Iraq invades Iran
were miscalculated and so in 1 month both sides were halted i…
Missiles fired into cities to terrorise citizens ... Iraqs call…
Why did Saddam invade?
Khomeini had called on Iraqis to rise up and overthrow him... Sa…
September 1980
Iraq invades Iran
13 terms
Iran-Iraq War
September 22, 1980
By March 1981
May 1982
June 1982
Iraqi invasion begins, with quick gains taking control of bor…
Iraq achieves its greatest territorial gains.
Iranian recapture of Khorramshahr. Compels Saddam to retreat…
Saddam is aware his troops are demoralised following a string…
September 22, 1980
Iraqi invasion begins, with quick gains taking control of bor…
By March 1981
Iraq achieves its greatest territorial gains.
8 terms
History- Iran/Iraq war
When did saddam invade Iran
Why did saddam invade Iran
The attack
Which countries were on Irans side
1980 september
-Khomeini called on Iraqis to overthrow saddam... -Iran involved…
-Saddam launched surprise attack on 10 airfields... -ground atta…
Syria
When did saddam invade Iran
1980 september
Why did saddam invade Iran
-Khomeini called on Iraqis to overthrow saddam... -Iran involved…
14 terms
History: Iran - Iraq war
Causes: Controversy over Shatt al-Arab…
Causes: Iraqi claims over Iranian Khuz…
Causes: Opportunity provided by Islami…
Causes: Trigger to the war
Only outlet to the Persian gulf from Iraq... Divided in 1937, w…
1970s Saddam claimed historic right to control it and got Ara…
Khomeini wanted to extend Islamic state/ his religion... Agreem…
March 1980, assassination attempt made against an Iraqi forei…
Causes: Controversy over Shatt al-Arab…
Only outlet to the Persian gulf from Iraq... Divided in 1937, w…
Causes: Iraqi claims over Iranian Khuz…
1970s Saddam claimed historic right to control it and got Ara…
19 terms
Iran-Iraq war
When did Iraq invade
name two areas of dispute
what was the Shatt al-arab waterway di…
What was the Khuzestan dispute about
september 1980
The Shatt al-Arab waterway: Khuzestan
in 1937 a treaty was made outlinging each countries right to…
Saddam claimed a historical right to the Iranian province as…
When did Iraq invade
september 1980
name two areas of dispute
The Shatt al-Arab waterway: Khuzestan
9 terms
Iran Iraq War
What are the three results of the War?
What compromises or problems happen be…
When did the war begin? How long did i…
What are the 3 reasons for war?
1. stalling economic development (economies crashed). ... 2. Ira…
1. Iranian Revolution, when the people overthrow the Shah, an…
The war began in September 22, 1980, it ended 8 years later,…
1. The Saddam Hussein wanted full control of a waterway. ... 2.…
What are the three results of the War?
1. stalling economic development (economies crashed). ... 2. Ira…
What compromises or problems happen be…
1. Iranian Revolution, when the people overthrow the Shah, an…
38 terms
iraq-iran war
How was Hussein raised?
What was an early literary influence o…
When does Saddam consolidate power?
How does Saddam see himself in the sco…
Village/tribal life. he had an abusive uncle.
Mein Kampf
1979... (he was already the power broker behind the scenes for…
The latest in a line of great Arab leaders. He identified wit…
How was Hussein raised?
Village/tribal life. he had an abusive uncle.
What was an early literary influence o…
Mein Kampf
11 terms
Iran-Iraq War
September 1980
How long did the war last?
Who had advantages?
Ronald Reagan Administration
Wanted to take advantage of a weakened Iranian army (because…
8 years
Iraq had an advantage in air power & missiles, and used chemi…
Gave Iraq military intelligence to target Iranian forces and…
September 1980
Wanted to take advantage of a weakened Iranian army (because…
How long did the war last?
8 years
IB Iran-Iraq War
Post WW2 Mandate in Iraq
What is the Iraqi Revolution of 1958?
What was effects of the 1958 Revolution?
What happened to the Baathist Party?
-British controlled foreign policy and resources, such as the…
An army coup d'état overthrew the Iraqi Monarchy and declared…
The 1958 Iraqi Revolution turned Iraq into a "one-party" stat…
The Sunni Muslim group that led Iraq after the 1958 War was s…
Post WW2 Mandate in Iraq
-British controlled foreign policy and resources, such as the…
What is the Iraqi Revolution of 1958?
An army coup d'état overthrew the Iraqi Monarchy and declared…
12 terms
The Iran-Iraq War
Why Saddam invaded: Khomeini's actions
Why Saddam invaded: Assasination
Why Saddam invaded: territory
Why Saddam invaded: Iran's weakness
- Ayatollah Khomeini called upon Iraq to revolt against their…
- Saddam Hussein had evidence that Iran had been involved in…
- Iraq's access to sea ports was limited, and made it difficu…
- Iran was weak following the the fall of the Shah... - It's eco…
Why Saddam invaded: Khomeini's actions
- Ayatollah Khomeini called upon Iraq to revolt against their…
Why Saddam invaded: Assasination
- Saddam Hussein had evidence that Iran had been involved in…
42 terms
History Iran-Iraq War
When was the Iran-Iraq War?
Who was the leader of Iraq during the…
Who was the leader of Iran during the…
What group of people did Ayatollah per…
September 1980- July 1988
Saddam Hussein
Ayatollah Khomeini
Shiites
When was the Iran-Iraq War?
September 1980- July 1988
Who was the leader of Iraq during the…
Saddam Hussein
8 terms
The Iran- Iraq War
what did they argue about?
what was the first thing they argued a…
what did the shah do in 1969
what part of land did they argue about?
they argued about who has what land
the shatt al arab waterway... -connects with the persian gulf... -v…
they rejected the 1937 treaty and both claimed control of the…
KHUZESTAN ... -oil rich... -non iranians live there... -more in common…
what did they argue about?
they argued about who has what land
what was the first thing they argued a…
the shatt al arab waterway... -connects with the persian gulf... -v…
8 terms
Iran/Iraq war and the Challenger
Who started the Iran Iraq War? And why?
What was the Iran/Iraq war like?
What were the final results of the war?
What were the weaknesses in the admini…
Iraq was being run by a man named Saddam Hussein. Saddam was…
Iraq had the initial advantage in the war, taking over the wa…
An agreement was reached that set the border between the two…
Like the US, the Soviets also had an ambitious nuclear power…
Who started the Iran Iraq War? And why?
Iraq was being run by a man named Saddam Hussein. Saddam was…
What was the Iran/Iraq war like?
Iraq had the initial advantage in the war, taking over the wa…
14 terms
Iran-Iraq and Gulf Wars
Algiers Agreement
Iran and Iraq start to bomb each other…
Iran-Iraq War begins
Iran-Iraq War ceasefire
1975
May. 1984
1980
Aug. 1988
Algiers Agreement
1975
Iran and Iraq start to bomb each other…
May. 1984
23 terms
IRAN IRAQ WAR AND GULF WAR
Persian
Land... Waterways... Oil
Arabs v persians
Sunnis and shiites
The Iran-iraq war in 1989s was a war for dominiance in the __…
The war was a fight for control of what three things
What two ethnic groups of people was the fight between
What two religions was the fight between
Persian
The Iran-iraq war in 1989s was a war for dominiance in the __…
Land... Waterways... Oil
The war was a fight for control of what three things
16 terms
Cue Cards Iran Iraq War
Iraqi History
Iranian History
Sunni vs Shia
Baath Party
- Pre-Islamic rival Persian & Babylonian empires... - Arab/Musli…
- Persian Empire (550-330 BC) then largest ever... - Islamic con…
- Sunni see themselves as orthodox Islam... - 'Ahl al-Sunna', pe…
- Arab nationalist, pan-Arabism, Arab socialist & anti-imperi…
Iraqi History
- Pre-Islamic rival Persian & Babylonian empires... - Arab/Musli…
Iranian History
- Persian Empire (550-330 BC) then largest ever... - Islamic con…
7 terms
IGCSE History: Iran-Iraq War
Shatt al-Arab waterway / territory
Khuzestan / territory
Algiers Agreement / territory
Dominating the Gulf / other
1. Connects Iraqi city Basra to Persian Gulf... 2. Connects Iran…
1. SW province oil rich... 2. Mainly non-Persian population... 3. M…
1. Saddam realised Iraq would lose a war with Iran in early 7…
1. Age old contest for power in Middle East between Persians…
Shatt al-Arab waterway / territory
1. Connects Iraqi city Basra to Persian Gulf... 2. Connects Iran…
Khuzestan / territory
1. SW province oil rich... 2. Mainly non-Persian population... 3. M…
15 terms
Topic 3 - Iran-Iraq war
Saddam invades Iran
Iran recaptured all land and offered s…
Trench warfare
Who did most Arab leaders support
1980
1982
1984
Iraq
Saddam invades Iran
1980
Iran recaptured all land and offered s…
1982
5 terms
Middle East- Iran-Iraq War
iraq was controlled by a dictator name…
3 major ethnic groups of iraq include…
what caused the iran- iraq war?
what was the result of the war?
saddam hussein
Kurds, Sunni Muslims, and Shitte Muslimes (provide description)
border dispute and religious differences
hundreds were executed, and iraq invaded iran ywt both sides…
iraq was controlled by a dictator name…
saddam hussein
3 major ethnic groups of iraq include…
Kurds, Sunni Muslims, and Shitte Muslimes (provide description)
14 terms
Iran-Iraq war 1980-88
What were the dates of the Iran-Iraq w…
What marked the beginning of the war?
Who did America support?
Why did America support Iraq?
1980-88
Iraq's land and air invasion of western Iran.
Iraq.
Didn't want it to become an Islamic state.
What were the dates of the Iran-Iraq w…
1980-88
What marked the beginning of the war?
Iraq's land and air invasion of western Iran.
38 terms
ap world iraq-iran war
How was Hussein raised?
What was an early literary influence o…
When does Saddam consolidate power?
How does Saddam see himself in the sco…
Village/tribal life. he had an abusive uncle.
Mein Kampf
1979... (he was already the power broker behind the scenes for…
The latest in a line of great Arab leaders. He identified wit…
How was Hussein raised?
Village/tribal life. he had an abusive uncle.
What was an early literary influence o…
Mein Kampf
15 terms
Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988
UN resolution 598
Iraq invaded Iran by land and air
saddam feared that the islamic revolut…
toll of war
ended the longest conventional war
they had a long history of hostility along this boundary
he also wanted to take advantage of chaos created by the 1979…
- 500k to a million dead... - 300 billion$ ... - thousands of priso…
UN resolution 598
ended the longest conventional war
Iraq invaded Iran by land and air
they had a long history of hostility along this boundary
27 terms
Iraq-Iran War/Kuwait Crisis
Iraq invades Iran
Israeli attack on Osirak Nuclear plant…
Halabja Massacre (Iraq uses chemical w…
UNSC Resolution 598 - called for an im…
22 September 1980
1981
March 1988
20 July 1987
Iraq invades Iran
22 September 1980
Israeli attack on Osirak Nuclear plant…
1981
14 terms
Iran-Iraq war 1980-88
What were the dates of the Iran-Iraq w…
What marked the beginning of the war?
Who did America support?
Why did America support Iraq?
1980-88
Iraq's land and air invasion of western Iran.
Iraq.
Didn't want it to become an Islamic state.
What were the dates of the Iran-Iraq w…
1980-88
What marked the beginning of the war?
Iraq's land and air invasion of western Iran.
21 terms
Iran-Iraq Wars Chapter 6
Iranian Revolution (Islamic Revolution)
Shah (emperor)
Westernization
Secularization
- Shah ... - Westernization... - Secularization... Goal: Overthrown of…
Mohammad Reza Shad... - god's assigned ruler... - son of Reza Shah…
societies adopt Western culture (industry, politics, lifestyl…
separate government and state from religious institutions and…
Iranian Revolution (Islamic Revolution)
- Shah ... - Westernization... - Secularization... Goal: Overthrown of…
Shah (emperor)
Mohammad Reza Shad... - god's assigned ruler... - son of Reza Shah…
The Iran-Iraq War: Why did Iraq Attack Iran?
opportunity
interference
iraqi population
iranian threat
to exploit iran's weak position, planning short limited war f…
khomeini called on iraqis to rise up, overthrow saddam hussein
shiite, saddam + allies sunni
seen seriously by Saddam, had evidence iran was involved in a…
opportunity
to exploit iran's weak position, planning short limited war f…
interference
khomeini called on iraqis to rise up, overthrow saddam hussein
57 terms
Iran-Iraq
Iran language
Iran Religion
Iran Pro-Western Period
1925 Reza Khan seized power; became sh…
Farsi
Islam
1925*1979
...
Iran language
Farsi
Iran Religion
Islam
40 terms
Causes of Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988
Who declared war on who?
When was war declared?
What did Saddam dub the war?
Why did he call it the whirlwind war?
Iraq declared war on Iran.
September 1980.
The whirlwind war.
He existed Iran to be defeated quickly.
Who declared war on who?
Iraq declared war on Iran.
When was war declared?
September 1980.
19 terms
Iran Iraq
Why was there a revolution in iran 1979?
Opposition to foreign influence
Dissatisfaction with shahs modernisation
Resentment at autocratic and repressiv…
Why was there a revolution in iran 1979?
Opposition to foreign influence
13 terms
Gulf Part 3: Iran/Iraq war
What were there disputes about (land)
Why was the Shatt al-Arab waterway imp…
Why was it particularly important for…
What disputes had there been about the…
Shatt al-Arab Waterway & Khuzestan
Crucial for oil exports
It was Iraq's only route to the sea
Originally, the positioning of the border favoured Iraq, so t…
What were there disputes about (land)
Shatt al-Arab Waterway & Khuzestan
Why was the Shatt al-Arab waterway imp…
Crucial for oil exports
17 terms
Iran-Iraq War 1980-88 Terms
Al-Dawa
Algiers Agreement (1975)
Avand Rood (Shatt al Arab)
Ayatollah
an Iran-backed, Shiite military group; attempted to assassina…
an agreement between Iran and Iraq in order to settle border…
a 200 km channel up the border between Iran and Iraq that gen…
a high-ranking priest in Shiite Islam
Al-Dawa
an Iran-backed, Shiite military group; attempted to assassina…
Algiers Agreement (1975)
an agreement between Iran and Iraq in order to settle border…
13 terms
IGCSE History (Cambridge) - Iran/Iraq War
KHO had been calling on Shiites in Ira…
Iran had been implicated in assassinat…
Saddam wanted improved sea access thro…
Iran's economy was
overthrow Saddam
leading party officials in Iraq
Shatt al-Arab
weak before the war
KHO had been calling on Shiites in Ira…
overthrow Saddam
Iran had been implicated in assassinat…
leading party officials in Iraq
9 terms
IGCSE History (Cambridge) - Iraq (excluding Iran/Iraq war)
Mossadeq was deposed due to his
Mossadeq was deposed in
The Shah celebrated the 2500th anniver…
Military rule was enforced in
nationalisation of oil
1953
1971
September 1978
Mossadeq was deposed due to his
nationalisation of oil
Mossadeq was deposed in
1953
21 terms
History - Iran-Iraq War (1975-1988)
What did Iran and Iraq fight over?
What was the Shatt-al-Arab waterway?
What did Iraq and Iran claim about the…
What was Iran doing which made Iraq ag…
The Shatt-al-Arab waterway
The confluence between the river Tigris and Euphrates.
Iran claimed that the border lied in the middle of the river…
Iran was supporting Kurdish rebels from 1961 to 1975 which wa…
What did Iran and Iraq fight over?
The Shatt-al-Arab waterway
What was the Shatt-al-Arab waterway?
The confluence between the river Tigris and Euphrates.
CIE IGCSE History The Iran-Iraq War
What were the causes of the Iran-Iraq…
When was the Iran-Iraq war?
When did Iraq invade Iran?
What did Saddam Hussein claim the reas…
- territorial disputes... - the opportunity by the Islamic Revol…
1980-1988
22nd September 1980
Dispute over the Shatt-Al-Arab waterway
What were the causes of the Iran-Iraq…
- territorial disputes... - the opportunity by the Islamic Revol…
When was the Iran-Iraq war?
1980-1988
13 terms
IGCSE History (Cambridge) - Iran/Iraq War
KHO had been calling on Shiites in Ira…
Iran had been implicated in assassinat…
Saddam wanted improved sea access thro…
Iran's economy was
overthrow Saddam
leading party officials in Iraq
Shatt al-Arab
weak before the war
KHO had been calling on Shiites in Ira…
overthrow Saddam
Iran had been implicated in assassinat…
leading party officials in Iraq
15 terms
Causes of the Iran-Iraq War 1980-88
LONG TERM CULTURAL CAUSE OF : Iran-Ira…
Long Term Religious Cause
LONG LASTING GEO-POLITICAL CAUSE OF :…
SHORT TERM GEO-POLITCAL CAUSE OF : Ira…
Different Origins:... Iranians considered themselves Persians.…
Iraqis live under Sunnis Islam... Iranians live under Shiis Islam
War Border disputes: ... Disputes over frontiers and navigation…
Claiming islands:... 1971 : Iraq broke the diplomatic relations…
LONG TERM CULTURAL CAUSE OF : Iran-Ira…
Different Origins:... Iranians considered themselves Persians.…
Long Term Religious Cause
Iraqis live under Sunnis Islam... Iranians live under Shiis Islam
21 terms
Middle East: Iran-Iraq War 1980-8
Why was Iraq important to the British…
Why did the Iraqi monarchy end in 1958?
Dr.Mohammad Mosaddeq
Iran 1953
1) Oil (British Navy converted from coal to oil)... 2) British l…
1) 1921-58 economic development benefitted minority - most la…
The nationalist prime minister who oversaw the nationalizatio…
Operation Ajax... Iran nationlizes oil, This creates a power str…
Why was Iraq important to the British…
1) Oil (British Navy converted from coal to oil)... 2) British l…
Why did the Iraqi monarchy end in 1958?
1) 1921-58 economic development benefitted minority - most la…
22 terms
IGCSE History: Iran-Iraq War 1980-88
When was the Iran-Iraq War?
Who was the leader of Iraq during the…
Who was the leader of Iran during the…
Which waterway was Iraq trying to gain?
September 1980- July 1988
Saddam Hussein
Ayatollah Khomeini
Shatt al-Arab Waterway
When was the Iran-Iraq War?
September 1980- July 1988
Who was the leader of Iraq during the…
Saddam Hussein
13 terms
IGCSE History (Cambridge) - Iraq Up to 1988, Excluding Iran/Iraq War
King Faisal became king of Iraq in
The monarchy was overthrown in
The Baath Party had a successful coup in
The oil industry was nationalised in
1921
1958
1968
1972
King Faisal became king of Iraq in
1921
The monarchy was overthrown in
1958
10 terms
Causes and Consequences of the Iran-Iraq War 1980-88
Who declared war and why ?
Why was Ayatollah's call for the overt…
Why did Saddam think that it would be…
Why did Saddam want control of the Sha…
Saddam Hussein declared war on Iran, thinking that it would b…
Most of Iraq's muslims were Shi'ite (like Ayatollah Khomeini…
He thought that Iran was poorly prepared for war as its army…
He wanted to reassert his country's sovereignty over both ban…
Who declared war and why ?
Saddam Hussein declared war on Iran, thinking that it would b…
Why was Ayatollah's call for the overt…
Most of Iraq's muslims were Shi'ite (like Ayatollah Khomeini…
27 terms
What were the causes and consequences of the Iran-Iraq War?
What was the duration of the war?
What were Saddam's reasons for invadin…
What did Saddam hope to gain?
When was the initial invasion?
1980-1988
1. Ayatollah Khomeini called for an overthrow of Saddam and t…
1. force Iran to make concessions... 2. show that Saddam and his…
September in 1980
What was the duration of the war?
1980-1988
What were Saddam's reasons for invadin…
1. Ayatollah Khomeini called for an overthrow of Saddam and t…
13 terms
Iraq/Iran
Iraqs economy
Iraqs background
Sunni Vs Shiite
3 religions who claim Israel
Doninated by oil, almost 95% of revenue, 2nd in oil reserves
Part of Ottoman Empire... Then part of Britain... Became state in 1…
World- 85% Sunni 15% Shiite ... Iraq- Shiites are majority but S…
Jews, Muslims, Christians
Iraqs economy
Doninated by oil, almost 95% of revenue, 2nd in oil reserves
Iraqs background
Part of Ottoman Empire... Then part of Britain... Became state in 1…
16 terms
What were the causes and consequences of the Iran-Iraq war?
When did Saddam invade Iran?
Why did Khomeini threaten Saddam?
Why did Saddam fear Iran was plotting…
What was valuable about Iran?
September 1980
Khomeini called upon Iraqis to rise up and overthrow Saddam.…
There was evidence they were involved with the assassination…
long coastline and several ports, Shatt al-Arab waterway. Als…
When did Saddam invade Iran?
September 1980
Why did Khomeini threaten Saddam?
Khomeini called upon Iraqis to rise up and overthrow Saddam.…
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