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Study sets matching "islamic architecture"

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Study sets matching "islamic architecture"

44 terms
Islamic Architecture
Masjid
Idgab
Congregational/Friday mosque
Aniconic
A district or neighborhood mosque.
A large, unroofed open space with a long prayer wall on one s…
Where the principal or weekly service for Islam is held.
Symbolic or suggestive. This style was used in Islamic orname…
Masjid
A district or neighborhood mosque.
Idgab
A large, unroofed open space with a long prayer wall on one s…
58 terms
Islamic Architecture
Masjid
Idgab
Congregational/Friday mosque
Aniconic
A district or neighborhood mosque.
A large, unroofed open space with a long prayer wall on one s…
Where the principal or weekly service for Islam is held.
Symbolic or suggestive. This style was used in Islamic orname…
Masjid
A district or neighborhood mosque.
Idgab
A large, unroofed open space with a long prayer wall on one s…
58 terms
Islamic Architecture
Masjid
Idgab
Congregational/Friday mosque
Aniconic
A district or neighborhood mosque.
A large, unroofed open space with a long prayer wall on one s…
Where the principal or weekly service for Islam is held.
Symbolic or suggestive. This style was used in Islamic orname…
Masjid
A district or neighborhood mosque.
Idgab
A large, unroofed open space with a long prayer wall on one s…
10 terms
Islamic Architecture
Grand Mosque at Mecca
First Pillar of Islam
Second Pillar of Islam
Third Pillar of Islam
Saudi Arabia, 7th Century, earthquake ruined the mosque, home…
Worship one God (Allah), with Muhammed as messenger
All Muslims should pray 5x a day facing the Holy Mecca
One must give charity to the poor, no ifs ands or buts
Grand Mosque at Mecca
Saudi Arabia, 7th Century, earthquake ruined the mosque, home…
First Pillar of Islam
Worship one God (Allah), with Muhammed as messenger
11 terms
Islamic Architecture
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th century
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th century
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th century
Great Mosque in Cordoba, 987
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th century
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th century
16 terms
Islamic Architecture
Dome of the Rock
Mohammed's House
Minaret
Dikka
Mosque located on holy site in Jerusalem. Corinthian style co…
What are mosque plans based on?
Place where the call to prayer is issued
Platform in a mosque, often made of wood, that holds muezzins…
Dome of the Rock
Mosque located on holy site in Jerusalem. Corinthian style co…
Mohammed's House
What are mosque plans based on?
82 terms
Islamic Architecture
Where was islam founded?
The 5 pillars of islam
Prayer 5 times daily
Is it a requirement that a Muslim must…
in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Mu…
1. The profession of faith in God. The declaration that there…
• Worshipper must always orient himself/herself toward the di…
No
Where was islam founded?
in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Mu…
The 5 pillars of islam
1. The profession of faith in God. The declaration that there…
21 terms
Islamic Architecture
Ablaq
Imaret
Interlacing Arches
Iwan
Arabic term for alternating bands of colored stones in Islami…
"Soup kitchen" A turkish term that has come to mean the campu…
An arcade or series of arches in which the arches intersect,…
A large vaulted space, open at one end, used in Islamic palac…
Ablaq
Arabic term for alternating bands of colored stones in Islami…
Imaret
"Soup kitchen" A turkish term that has come to mean the campu…
11 terms
Islamic Architecture
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th c
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th c
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th c
Great Mosque of Cordoba, 987
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th c
Granada, The Alhambra, 14th c
59 terms
Islamic Architecture
aniconic
bazaar
calligraphy
central-plan mosque
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
A covered market in Islamic cities.
Arranged around a center rather than an axial plan
aniconic
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
bazaar
A covered market in Islamic cities.
59 terms
Islamic Architecture
aniconic
bazaar
calligraphy
central-plan mosque
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
A covered market in Islamic cities.
Arranged around a center rather than an axial plan
aniconic
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
bazaar
A covered market in Islamic cities.
15 terms
Islamic Architecture Vocabulary
Banco Architecture: Mud or earth based…
Column
Maqsura: System of projecting niches u…
Mihrab: The niche in the Qibla wall th…
طين
عمود
مقصورة
محراب
Banco Architecture: Mud or earth based…
طين
Column
عمود
43 terms
Islamic Architecture Terms
Ablaq
Arabesque
Caravanserai
Dikka
An architectural style involving alternating or fluctuating r…
Artistic decoration consisting surface decorations based on r…
A roadside in where travelers could rest and recover from a d…
A tribune raised upon columns in a mosque from which the Kora…
Ablaq
An architectural style involving alternating or fluctuating r…
Arabesque
Artistic decoration consisting surface decorations based on r…
Islamic Architecture
mosque
minaret
Mihrab
qibla
Muslim house of prayer oriented towards mecca (the holy land)
a tower
: a niche in the wall of a mosque, at the point nearest to Me…
the direction of the Kaaba (the sacred building at Mecca), to…
mosque
Muslim house of prayer oriented towards mecca (the holy land)
minaret
a tower
36 terms
Islamic Architecture
Mihrab
Iwan
Pendentive
Muqarnas vaults
an arched niche pointing toward Mecca
vaulted hall or space, walled on three sides with one end... ent…
are triangular segments of a sphere that allows a... transition…
a three-dimensional architectural decoration... composed of nich…
Mihrab
an arched niche pointing toward Mecca
Iwan
vaulted hall or space, walled on three sides with one end... ent…
18 terms
Islamic Architecture
Hypostyle Hall
Mosque
4 Iwan
Central Dome
type of mosque with a large interior room characterized by ma…
Islamic house of worship
type of mosque consisting of four rectangular halls, vaulted,…
type of mosque with a vaulted dome in the center
Hypostyle Hall
type of mosque with a large interior room characterized by ma…
Mosque
Islamic house of worship
59 terms
Islamic Architecture
aniconic
bazaar
calligraphy
central-plan mosque
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
A covered market in Islamic cities.
Arranged around a center rather than an axial plan
aniconic
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
bazaar
A covered market in Islamic cities.
25 terms
Islamic Architecture
Mosque
Tomb
Palace
Fort
principal Islamic architectural types place where worshipers…
principal Islamic architectural types place where dead people…
principal Islamic architectural types place where royals live.
principal Islamic architectural types defensive structure.
Mosque
principal Islamic architectural types place where worshipers…
Tomb
principal Islamic architectural types place where dead people…
20 terms
Islamic Architecture
Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, Israel
Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria
Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain
Friday Mosque, Ishafan, Iran
-central plan, derived from roman and byzantine precendets... -c…
-rectangular enclose with towers (minarets) for the muezzin's…
-made of stone and brick... -reused roman and visigoth column in…
Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, Israel
-central plan, derived from roman and byzantine precendets... -c…
Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria
-rectangular enclose with towers (minarets) for the muezzin's…
10 terms
Islamic Architecture
Dome of the Rock
Interior Dome of the Rock
Great Mosque of Damascus
Great Mosque of Kairouan
-Completed 691 by Umayyads... -Central Planning w/ large dome... -D…
-Mosaic tilework and cuuerda seca ... -motifs of vegetables, cro…
-661 Umayyads moved to Damascus ... -Demolished Byzantine chucrh…
-Abbasids constructed Kairouan (Tunisia)... - In best condition…
Dome of the Rock
-Completed 691 by Umayyads... -Central Planning w/ large dome... -D…
Interior Dome of the Rock
-Mosaic tilework and cuuerda seca ... -motifs of vegetables, cro…
29 terms
Islamic Architecture
Great Mosque of Damascus... Umayyad... Al Wa…
Dome of the Rock... Umayyad, abassid, ott…
Ibn Tulun Cairo... Abbasid... Ahmad Ibn Tulu…
Shrine of Muhammad's Tomb (Al-Masjid a…
Great Mosque of Damascus... Umayyad... Al Wa…
Dome of the Rock... Umayyad, abassid, ott…
Islamic Architecture
aniconic
bazaar
calligraphy
central-plan mosque
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
A covered market in Islamic cities.
Arranged around a center rather than an axial plan
aniconic
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
bazaar
A covered market in Islamic cities.
35 terms
Islamic Architecture
Ka'ba
Mosque of the Prophet Muhammad
The Farthest Mosque (Al Aqsa)
Qusayr 'Amra
Mecca; reputed to have been built by the prophet Abraham. Sit…
Madina, Saudia Arabia - Early 7th century (pneumonic: MMM)
Jerusalem - (c. 706-16)... Caliph al-Walid of Umayyads... (pneumoni…
Palace and Bath, Jordan (c. 712-15) - Umayyad... (Pneumonic: qus…
Ka'ba
Mecca; reputed to have been built by the prophet Abraham. Sit…
Mosque of the Prophet Muhammad
Madina, Saudia Arabia - Early 7th century (pneumonic: MMM)
9 terms
Islamic Architecture
shah imam mosque
blue mosque
selimiye
suleymaniye
shah imam mosque
blue mosque
8 terms
Islamic Architecture
Dome of the Rock... Jerusalem... 687-692 CE…
Interior of Dome of the Rock... Jerusalem…
Great Mosque... Kairouan, Tunisia... ca. 836…
Minaret of the Great Mosque... Kairouan,…
Dome of the Rock... Jerusalem... 687-692 CE…
Interior of Dome of the Rock... Jerusalem…
17 terms
Islamic Architecture
Islamic Achitecture
Architecture Sinan
Mihrab
Iwan
-Romanesque inspired... -Mosque... -Tomb... -Palace... -public baths... -fou…
- first major mosque Shehzade Mosque... (for Ottoman Emperor Sul…
an arched niche pointing toward Mecca
vaulted hall or space, walled on three sides with one end ent…
Islamic Achitecture
-Romanesque inspired... -Mosque... -Tomb... -Palace... -public baths... -fou…
Architecture Sinan
- first major mosque Shehzade Mosque... (for Ottoman Emperor Sul…
Islamic Architecture
aniconic
bazaar
calligraphy
central-plan mosque
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
A covered market in Islamic cities.
Arranged around a center rather than an axial plan
aniconic
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
bazaar
A covered market in Islamic cities.
44 terms
Islamic Architecture
Masjid
Idgab
Congregational/Friday mosque
Aniconic
A district or neighborhood mosque.
A large, unroofed open space with a long prayer wall on one s…
Where the principal or weekly service for Islam is held.
Symbolic or suggestive. This style was used in Islamic orname…
Masjid
A district or neighborhood mosque.
Idgab
A large, unroofed open space with a long prayer wall on one s…
8 terms
Islamic Architecture
Dome of the Rock... 700. Jersusalem... com…
Interior of Dome of the Rock... 700, Jer…
Great Mosque... 888... Tunisia... built to a…
Minaret... Great Mosque... Tunisia... 888... P…
M
^---^... ^------^... ^----------^... "castle"
Dome of the Rock... 700. Jersusalem... com…
Interior of Dome of the Rock... 700, Jer…
8 terms
Islamic Architecture
Name: Dome of the Rock by Abd al-Malik…
Name: Interior of Dome of Rock... Locatio…
Name: Great Mosque... Location: Tunisia... P…
Name: Minaret of Great Mosque... Location…
...
Name: Dome of the Rock by Abd al-Malik…
Name: Interior of Dome of Rock... Locatio…
27 terms
Islamic Architecture
Geographic Location
Muslim Religion
Building Types
Building Materials
• Originated in Arabia... • Summers are hot and dry, winter is c…
• Based on prophet Mohammad... • Qur'an (Koran)... • Five basic tru…
• Mosque... • Tomb... • Palace... • Fort
• Stone... • clay brick... • Glazed tile... • Wood
Geographic Location
• Originated in Arabia... • Summers are hot and dry, winter is c…
Muslim Religion
• Based on prophet Mohammad... • Qur'an (Koran)... • Five basic tru…
8 terms
Islamic Architecture
Dome of the Rock... Jerusalem... 687-692 CE…
Interior of Dome of the Rock... Jerusalem…
Great Mosque... Kairouan, Tunisia... ca. 836…
Minaret of the Great Mosque... Kairouan,…
Dome of the Rock... Jerusalem... 687-692 CE…
Interior of Dome of the Rock... Jerusalem…
Islamic Architecture
Dome of the Rock
Al-Aqsa Mosque.
The Blue Mosque
Hagia Sophia
Israel/Palestine. Octagonal shaped victory monument.
Israel/Palestine. Muslim Sanctuary in Jerusalem, limited acce…
. Turkey. Ottomans built in 1609.
. Turkey. Red and blue, Byzantine influence.
Dome of the Rock
Israel/Palestine. Octagonal shaped victory monument.
Al-Aqsa Mosque.
Israel/Palestine. Muslim Sanctuary in Jerusalem, limited acce…
19 terms
Islamic Architecture
minaret
dikka
qibla wall
principle motifs of Islamic architecture
tower from which human voice did the call to prayer
raised tribute, like balcony in theatre person here could be…
the wall of a mosque that faces Mecca; the wall Muslims face…
calligraphic inscription, scrolling vine (vegetal motifs), ge…
minaret
tower from which human voice did the call to prayer
dikka
raised tribute, like balcony in theatre person here could be…
14 terms
Islamic Architecture
Major architectural forms
Palace
5 Common features
Purpose of water
mosques and palace
Place of comfort, relaxation, luxury and material weath
Rhythmic order... Symmetry... Use of water as an integral part of t…
Oasis, calm, unity, reflection of paradise
Major architectural forms
mosques and palace
Palace
Place of comfort, relaxation, luxury and material weath
14 terms
Islamic Architecture
GAz
The Tai Mahal is made with mostly blac…
Cordoba Caliphate mosque had a small h…
The Quar-al-Khalfia construction used…
The standard measure used in the Taj Mahal is
FALSE
FALSE
TRUE
GAz
The standard measure used in the Taj Mahal is
The Tai Mahal is made with mostly blac…
FALSE
31 terms
ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE
Etymology of Islam
Five Pillars of Islam
Shahada (Five Pillars of Islam)
Salat (Five Pillars of Islam)
Submission or surrender
Shahada... Salat... Zakat... Sawm... Hajj
Faith
Prayer
Etymology of Islam
Submission or surrender
Five Pillars of Islam
Shahada... Salat... Zakat... Sawm... Hajj
16 terms
Islamic Architecture
quibla
imam
minbar
mihrab
direction toward Mecca
leader of collective worship
pulpit
semicircular niche usually set into the quibla wall
quibla
direction toward Mecca
imam
leader of collective worship
14 terms
Islamic Architecture
muqarnas
Iwan
qibla
mihrab
a form of architectural ornamented vaulting, a large number o…
rectangular hall or space, usually vaulted, walled on three s…
the direction of the Kaaba (the sacred building at Mecca), to…
a niche in the wall of a mosque, at the point nearest to Mecc…
muqarnas
a form of architectural ornamented vaulting, a large number o…
Iwan
rectangular hall or space, usually vaulted, walled on three s…
Islamic architecture
Horseshoe arch
Pointed arch
Scalloped arch
Arabesque
Curved at the top ... Origin unknown
Pointed at the top
Variation on horseshoe,looks like someone bit the top
Repeating geometric pattern ... Do not decipt living things
Horseshoe arch
Curved at the top ... Origin unknown
Pointed arch
Pointed at the top
25 terms
Islamic Architecture
Mosque
Tomb
Palace
Fort
principal Islamic architectural types place where worshipers…
principal Islamic architectural types place where dead people…
principal Islamic architectural types place where royals live.
principal Islamic architectural types defensive structure.
Mosque
principal Islamic architectural types place where worshipers…
Tomb
principal Islamic architectural types place where dead people…
26 terms
Islamic architecture
taj mahal
Horizontal rock strata
Rock cut temples(raths)
Karla caves
Best example of mughal architecture;the jewel of muslim art i…
Stacked up layers of sedimentary rocks
creating a structure through carving natural rocks
Most impressive chaitya (buddshist prayer hall)
taj mahal
Best example of mughal architecture;the jewel of muslim art i…
Horizontal rock strata
Stacked up layers of sedimentary rocks
29 terms
Islamic architecture
Qur'an
Sura
Arab
Muslim
holy book/central religious text of Islam. Believed to be ver…
chapters of the Quran, each divided into verses
inhabitants of the Arabian peninsula, before Islam, consisted…
a person who follows/practices the religion of Islam, "one wh…
Qur'an
holy book/central religious text of Islam. Believed to be ver…
Sura
chapters of the Quran, each divided into verses
11 terms
Islamic architecture
minarets
mihrab
minbar
sahn
towers used to call Muslims to prayer five times a day
a decorated niche inside the mosque facing the direction of M…
a pulpit to the right of the mihrab for the Friday sermon.
a large courtyard connected to the entrance of the mosque for…
minarets
towers used to call Muslims to prayer five times a day
mihrab
a decorated niche inside the mosque facing the direction of M…
9 terms
Islamic architecture
Mihrab
4 Minarets
Onion Dome
Adhan
Nich in the wall of mosque that indicates direction to mecca
Most striking feature in Taj Mahal, Vantage point
Focal point in Taj Mahal
Vantage Point from which the call to prayer
Mihrab
Nich in the wall of mosque that indicates direction to mecca
4 Minarets
Most striking feature in Taj Mahal, Vantage point
32 terms
Islamic Architecture
las afueras
la ciudad
el campo
el barrio
the suburbs
the city
the countryside
the neighborhood
las afueras
the suburbs
la ciudad
the city
Islamic architecture
Islamic Architecture
622 AD
Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Mohammed
Architecture of the Veil
DATE FOUND
Place founded
Founder
Islamic Architecture
Architecture of the Veil
622 AD
DATE FOUND
16 terms
Islamic Architecture
Masjid
Minarets
Sahn
Aniconic
A district or neighborhood mosque
In Islamic Architecture, the tower associated with a mosque f…
An open courtyard in a mosque
Ornamentation that is symbolically suggestive rather than lit…
Masjid
A district or neighborhood mosque
Minarets
In Islamic Architecture, the tower associated with a mosque f…
16 terms
Islamic architecture
quibla
mihrab
muqarnas
minaret
directions towards Mecca
sacred niche of worship, shows submission through prayer
geometric complexity to show infinite power of God
tower/vantage point where call for prayer is made
quibla
directions towards Mecca
mihrab
sacred niche of worship, shows submission through prayer
38 terms
Islamic Architecture
Dome of the Rock
Umayyad Empire
House of the Prophet
Components of mosque architecture
c. 691-692, Jerusalem, commissioned by al-Malik... -not a mosqu…
661-750
Medina, 7th century... First mosque, just need area for prayer…
Musalla:... Mihrab:... Minbar:... Minaret:... Fountain:... Prayer Rugs:
Dome of the Rock
c. 691-692, Jerusalem, commissioned by al-Malik... -not a mosqu…
Umayyad Empire
661-750
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