Study sets matching "islamic history"

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Study sets matching "islamic history"

44 terms
Islamic History
Islam
Qur'an
Muhammad
Makka (Mecca)
literally translates to "Submission"... Is a religion in the lin…
Islam's holy book... The revelations of the prophet Muhammad... Gro…
Islam's holy prophet... Born 570... Meant to be the final prophet i…
Muhammad's birthplace... As Muhammad spread his word here, the r…
Islam
literally translates to "Submission"... Is a religion in the lin…
Qur'an
Islam's holy book... The revelations of the prophet Muhammad... Gro…
Islamic History
Najashi:
Ja'far:
'Uthman b. 'Affan
Ruqayyah:
The Muslims were protected by the Negus (Ethiopian Christian…
Ali's brother, son of Abu Talib, cousin of the Prophet ... Taken…
Muhammad's son in law, married to Ruqqayah ... cousin of the Pro…
Daughter of the Prophet through Khadija... Married Uthman ibn Af…
Najashi:
The Muslims were protected by the Negus (Ethiopian Christian…
Ja'far:
Ali's brother, son of Abu Talib, cousin of the Prophet ... Taken…
10 terms
Islamic history
Hegira
Hadiths
Caliphs
Sunni
Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Medina which was known as the…
praying towards Mecca... worshiping in a mosque on Friday... not us…
the role of the ______ was to be in charge of the religion an…
the branch of Islam that believes that any qualified person c…
Hegira
Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Medina which was known as the…
Hadiths
praying towards Mecca... worshiping in a mosque on Friday... not us…
9 terms
Islamic History
Muhammad (or Mohammad)
Bedouins
Caliph
Rightly Guided Caliphs
Founder of Islam.
Nomadic Arabs of the Arabian peninsula.
A religious and political leader in Islam. Caliph means "depu…
The four caliphs who followed Muhammad -- Abu Bakr, Umar, Uth…
Muhammad (or Mohammad)
Founder of Islam.
Bedouins
Nomadic Arabs of the Arabian peninsula.
47 terms
Islamic History Final
Nizam i-Jadid
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Ba'th Party
Alawis
("New Order") Ottoman military/financial reforms based on a E…
Leader caliph of ISIS, went to jail
During WW2 British take over Iran again during the revolt: co…
Mystical religious group in Syria, who represent 12 percent o…
Nizam i-Jadid
("New Order") Ottoman military/financial reforms based on a E…
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Leader caliph of ISIS, went to jail
26 terms
Art History: Islamic
Islamic art
Kufic
patterns and motifs
spolia
cosmopolitan, trade, textiles, tile, metal work
Calligraphy, word of God most beautiful
because theological restrictions
repurposing stullen good from other cultures
Islamic art
cosmopolitan, trade, textiles, tile, metal work
Kufic
Calligraphy, word of God most beautiful
7 terms
Islamic History
Muhammad
1st four Caliphs
Umayyads
Abbasids
founder of Islam
umayyads,abbasids,seljuk turks and crusaders
caliphate of muhmaid
caliphate &created golden age
Muhammad
founder of Islam
1st four Caliphs
umayyads,abbasids,seljuk turks and crusaders
6 terms
Islamic History
Mosque
Qur'ran
5 pillars of Islam
Muhammad
A Muslim place of worship
holy text of Muhammad's words
1. belief in one God, Allah, and Muhammad his prophet2. daily…
Founder of Islam
Mosque
A Muslim place of worship
Qur'ran
holy text of Muhammad's words
28 terms
Islamic History Vocabulary: the Basics
Arabian Peninsula
Bedouins
Prophet Muhammad
Qur'an / Koran /
Where Islam began and where its most important city is locate…
Desert Nomads who were organized into tribes and groups calle…
founder of Islam. born 570 CE and died in 8 June 632 CE
The Holy Book of Islam.
Arabian Peninsula
Where Islam began and where its most important city is locate…
Bedouins
Desert Nomads who were organized into tribes and groups calle…
Islamic History
Muhammad
1st 4 caliphs
Umayyad's
Abbasids
Founder of Islam
Religious & Government Leaders
Caliphate 100 years/Fast spread of Islam
Caliphate 500 years/United ME under Islam
Muhammad
Founder of Islam
1st 4 caliphs
Religious & Government Leaders
Islamic History
Muhammad
1st 4 Caliphs
Umayyads
Abbasids
Went to desert an meditated in a cave. God spoke to him and h…
Friends of Muhammad
Spread Islam to 3 continents, tolerate of other religions, ma…
Muslim Golden age, excelled in math and science.
Muhammad
Went to desert an meditated in a cave. God spoke to him and h…
1st 4 Caliphs
Friends of Muhammad
Islamic history
Al Junayd
Abdul Raman
Rabia Al Basi
Al Hallaj
founder of Sufis
started Al andalus surviving noble from the Ummayads
- She became one of the most important Sufis was a poet who w…
- Killed by Ulama by hinting that he is god... - his death made…
Al Junayd
founder of Sufis
Abdul Raman
started Al andalus surviving noble from the Ummayads
17 terms
History- Islam and Islamic Empires
sultan
Hagia Sofia
Muslim
Shia
an Ottoman ruler
church that the Ottomans took over once they took over Consta…
someone who practices Islam
family member of Muhammad- caliph (muslims)
sultan
an Ottoman ruler
Hagia Sofia
church that the Ottomans took over once they took over Consta…
Islamic History
3 continents that it interacts
Climate
Land Description
Nomads
Asia, Africa, and Europe
Hot and dry air
Create bands of Desert, limited amount of water
people who moved from place to place
3 continents that it interacts
Asia, Africa, and Europe
Climate
Hot and dry air
Islamic History
Muhammad
4 caliphs
Umayyads
Abbasids
prophet, covenant with God, Hegira
religious & political leaders (successor of Muhammad)
spread Islam across 3 continents
united ME under Islam, capital: Baghdad
Muhammad
prophet, covenant with God, Hegira
4 caliphs
religious & political leaders (successor of Muhammad)
Islamic history
Muhammad
1st four Caliphs
Umayyads
Abbasids
wandered in the desert for 40 days and spoke to the angel Gab…
Mohammed's friends/ successors. ruled the empire and spread i…
spread islam- easy conversion... tolerance... controlled trade rout…
golden age ... capital at Baghdad ... united the Middle East with I…
Muhammad
wandered in the desert for 40 days and spoke to the angel Gab…
1st four Caliphs
Mohammed's friends/ successors. ruled the empire and spread i…
8 terms
Islamic History
Mohammad
1st Four caliphs
Umayyads
Abbasids
wandered in the desert for 40 days and spoke to the angel Gab…
Mohammed's friends/ successors. ruled the empire and spread i…
spread islam- easy conversion... tolerance... controlled trade rout…
golden age ... capital at Baghdad ... united the Middle East with I…
Mohammad
wandered in the desert for 40 days and spoke to the angel Gab…
1st Four caliphs
Mohammed's friends/ successors. ruled the empire and spread i…
Islamic History
Sudan
Egypt
Egypt ... Protectorate
Egypt ... Const. Monarchy
1899-1956 Britain
1882-1956 Britain
Protectorate of 1914
Constitutional monarchy: 1922
Sudan
1899-1956 Britain
Egypt
1882-1956 Britain
Islamic History
Prophet Muhammed [SAW]
Battle of Badar
Battle of Uhud
Battle of Khandaq
Last prophet sent by Allah
first battle between muslims and quraysh
the battle around the mountain of Uhud
battle which the muslims built a trench around the city of me…
Prophet Muhammed [SAW]
Last prophet sent by Allah
Battle of Badar
first battle between muslims and quraysh
48 terms
Islamic History
Late Antiquity
akhbar
5 Objects of Worship
Heavenly Bodies
-the 400-year period between the classical and medieval eras.…
Historical reports attributed to early Muslim authorities (no…
Heavenly Bodies... Trees... Stones... Images... Jinn'
Moon God (Sin)... Female Sun God (Sham)... Venus (Athtar)
Late Antiquity
-the 400-year period between the classical and medieval eras.…
akhbar
Historical reports attributed to early Muslim authorities (no…
Islamic History
Muhammed
Umayyads
Abbasids
Seljuk Turks
1st Prophet of Islam
Second of the 4 Caliphates
Spread Islam over all of the Middle East
Aggressively took over the ME
Muhammed
1st Prophet of Islam
Umayyads
Second of the 4 Caliphates
history - islam
What was Mecca?
Where is mecca?
What was the Kaa'ba?
What kinds of religions influenced Muh…
an important trade town
near the red sea
ancient building in the center of mecca with idols inside
monotheistic
What was Mecca?
an important trade town
Where is mecca?
near the red sea
islamic history
Muhhamad
4 caliphs
umayyads
abbasids
prophet, covenant w/ God, Hegira
religious & political leaders (successors of Muhhamad)
spread Islam across 3 continents
united Middle East under Islam, capital: Baghdad
Muhhamad
prophet, covenant w/ God, Hegira
4 caliphs
religious & political leaders (successors of Muhhamad)
23 terms
Islamic History
Righteous Caliphs
Caliph/Caliphate
Umayyad Caliphate/Dynasty
Muawiyah
What the first Caliphs were known as.
A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim governme…
Dynasty that ruled Muslim Empire from 661 to 750.... (661-750) f…
661-750 founder of the Umayyad dynasty; moved the capital fro…
Righteous Caliphs
What the first Caliphs were known as.
Caliph/Caliphate
A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim governme…
Islamic History
Muhammad
1st four caliphs
Umayyads
Abbasids
God spoke to him, went back to mecca but no one believed him,…
Abu Bakr- ruled from 632 until he died in 634... Umar- ruled fro…
Ruled in Damascus, by this time, muslim religion was spread o…
Succeded the Umayyads,moved the capital from Damascus to Bagh…
Muhammad
God spoke to him, went back to mecca but no one believed him,…
1st four caliphs
Abu Bakr- ruled from 632 until he died in 634... Umar- ruled fro…
Islamic History
Pax Mongolia
Mongol Empire
Ilkhans
Shari'a vs Yasa
Mongolian quest of Asia... Strike fear into the hearts of Muslums
Largest land based empire in history... 14th century
formed after Mongol empire split ... Islamicized and Persianized
- Shar'ia is a code of law more directed to an urban society,…
Pax Mongolia
Mongolian quest of Asia... Strike fear into the hearts of Muslums
Mongol Empire
Largest land based empire in history... 14th century
22 terms
HISTORY: Islamic Arts
MOORISH
mosque or masjid
jami masjid
sahn
Islamic architecture of North Africa and Spain, characterized…
Means "a place to prostrate," a prayer hall rather than a hou…
Neighborhood or big mosque, or congregational mosque
Courtyard of a mosque
MOORISH
Islamic architecture of North Africa and Spain, characterized…
mosque or masjid
Means "a place to prostrate," a prayer hall rather than a hou…
22 terms
History- Islam and Islamic Empires
Suleiman the Magnificent
sultan
Hagia Sofia
Muslim
ruler of the Ottomans, led them during their best time
an Ottoman ruler
church that the Ottomans took over once they took over Consta…
someone who practices Islam
Suleiman the Magnificent
ruler of the Ottomans, led them during their best time
sultan
an Ottoman ruler
10 terms
Islamic History
Hegira
caliph
hadiths
Sunni
Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Medina which was known as the…
the role of the ______ was to be in charge of the religion an…
praying towards Mecca... worshiping in a mosque on Friday... not us…
the branch of Islam that believes that any qualified person c…
Hegira
Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Medina which was known as the…
caliph
the role of the ______ was to be in charge of the religion an…
10 terms
Islamic History
Hegira
caliph
hadiths
Sunni
Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Medina which was known as the…
the role of the ______ was to be in charge of the religion an…
praying towards Mecca... worshiping in a mosque on Friday... not us…
the branch of Islam that believes that any qualified person c…
Hegira
Muhammad traveled from Mecca to Medina which was known as the…
caliph
the role of the ______ was to be in charge of the religion an…
Islamic history
Trade routes linking Africa, Asia, and…
Muhammad taught that there was only on…
Hadith
Muslim rule would have spread more slo…
why do geographers call Arabia a "crossroads" location?
What was the most important difference between Muhammad's tea…
the Sunnah is based on the
Which is the best prediction of what might have happened if t…
Trade routes linking Africa, Asia, and…
why do geographers call Arabia a "crossroads" location?
Muhammad taught that there was only on…
What was the most important difference between Muhammad's tea…
42 terms
Islamic History
Abu Bakar
mu'awiaya
Ibn al- zubayar
Abd al'Malik
Was in power after Muhammad
The governor of Syra
Was defeated during the second world war
5th Umayyad capital
Abu Bakar
Was in power after Muhammad
mu'awiaya
The governor of Syra
22 terms
History: Islamic
Moorish
mosque
jami masjid
sahn
Islamic architecture of North Africa and Spain, characterized…
Means "a place to prostrate," a prayer hall rather than a hou…
Neighborhood or big mosque, or congregational mosque
Courtyard of a mosque
Moorish
Islamic architecture of North Africa and Spain, characterized…
mosque
Means "a place to prostrate," a prayer hall rather than a hou…
Islamic History
Muhammad
1st four caliphs
Umayyads
Abbasids
Islamic leader who God revealed laws to
Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali
Created after the death of Ali, defeated Byzantine Empire
Equality of all Muslims, killed members of the Umayyad, large…
Muhammad
Islamic leader who God revealed laws to
1st four caliphs
Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali
10 terms
AP Art History ISLAMIC
84. MOSQUE of SELIM II. Edirne, Turkey…
183. THE KAABA. Mecca, Saudi Arabia. I…
185. DOME of the ROCK. Jerusalem. Isla…
186. GREAT MOSQUE (MASJID-E JAMEH). Is…
ISLAMIC ~ Early European & Colonial
ISLAMIC ~ ASIA
ISLAMIC ~ ASIA
ISLAMIC ~ ASIA
84. MOSQUE of SELIM II. Edirne, Turkey…
ISLAMIC ~ Early European & Colonial
183. THE KAABA. Mecca, Saudi Arabia. I…
ISLAMIC ~ ASIA
62 terms
History- Islam
Islam
Muslim
Arab
Bedouin
literally means "submission to the will of Allah", but also i…
follower of Islam
person from Arabia
the arab tribes, nomadic tribes
Islam
literally means "submission to the will of Allah", but also i…
Muslim
follower of Islam
16 terms
Islamic History
Muslim
Mecca
Kabah
Hijra
Those who submit to god alone
Giant trade center which turned into a religious base
Building housing religious idols
Journey/Pilgrimage from Mecca to Medina
Muslim
Those who submit to god alone
Mecca
Giant trade center which turned into a religious base
Islamic History Midterm
Quraysh
Abu Bakr
Umar
Uthman
Tribe that controlled Mecca, including Kaba. Mohammed's tribe…
Mohammed's first successor, first caliph. Father of Aisha, on…
Second caliph, succeeded AB. Early convert to Islam, went on…
Succeeded Umar. Quraysh, Umayya clan. Did Hijra, married to t…
Quraysh
Tribe that controlled Mecca, including Kaba. Mohammed's tribe…
Abu Bakr
Mohammed's first successor, first caliph. Father of Aisha, on…
41 terms
History of Islam
Mohammed's visions are recorded in wha…
What are the two main branches of Islam?
What is Islam's holy month of fasting…
Followers of Islam are known as, what?
the Koran or Qur'an
Sunni and Shia
Ramadan
muslims
Mohammed's visions are recorded in wha…
the Koran or Qur'an
What are the two main branches of Islam?
Sunni and Shia
Islamic History
Muhammed
First 4 Caliphs
What set of laws did the Islamic empir…
How long did the Umayyad rule?
saw an angel sent from god and was told to spread the message…
in charge of both religion and the empire, established tradit…
Sharia
almost 100 years
Muhammed
saw an angel sent from god and was told to spread the message…
First 4 Caliphs
in charge of both religion and the empire, established tradit…
Islamic History
Who is Muhammad?
Who were the first Caliphs after Muham…
What is a Hadith?
What law did the first Caliphs adopted?
the founder of Islam
Muhammed's closest friends
a tradition in Islamic faith
the Sharia
Who is Muhammad?
the founder of Islam
Who were the first Caliphs after Muham…
Muhammed's closest friends
World History Test 4: Islamic Empires
hadith
imam
Sunni
Shia
Collection of stories about the life of Muhammad;... Muslims loo…
a Muslim religious leader and teacher; leads... prayers in the m…
believe that anyone who is capable can lead the... Muslims
Believe that only a member of Muhammad's family... can lead the…
hadith
Collection of stories about the life of Muhammad;... Muslims loo…
imam
a Muslim religious leader and teacher; leads... prayers in the m…
history - islamic world
What is calligraphy?
Where is Cordoba?
Where is Timbuktu?
Where is the Indian Ocean?
Fancy handwriting
In Spain
In Africa (West)
To the East of Africa
What is calligraphy?
Fancy handwriting
Where is Cordoba?
In Spain
6 terms
Islam History
Monotheism
Pirgrimage
Islam
Muslim
Belief in one God
A journey to a sacred place or shrine
A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of Muhammad
A person who follows the religion of Islam, accepting Allah a…
Monotheism
Belief in one God
Pirgrimage
A journey to a sacred place or shrine
29 terms
History of Islam
Muhammed
God also known as
Islam spread rapidly
Century following Muhammad's death was…
(The prophet) founder of religion- born in 570CE on Mecca... - a…
Allah
By 8th cent. Conquered North Africa and Spain (785)
Military conquest and expansion
Muhammed
(The prophet) founder of religion- born in 570CE on Mecca... - a…
God also known as
Allah
History of Islam
The 4 Caliphs- Political Leaders that…
4 Elements of religion
4 pillars of practice
Pillars of faith
1. AbuBakr... 2. Umar... 3. 'Uthman... 4. 'Ali- Muhammad's Cousin
1. Discourse... 2. community... 3. institution ... 4. practice
1. Hajj - pilgrimage to makkah ... 2. Fasting - Ramadan, prayer…
• God ... • Angels... • Books - Quran, Torah,Bible... • Belief in all…
The 4 Caliphs- Political Leaders that…
1. AbuBakr... 2. Umar... 3. 'Uthman... 4. 'Ali- Muhammad's Cousin
4 Elements of religion
1. Discourse... 2. community... 3. institution ... 4. practice
39 terms
History - Islam
Submission
Muslim
Allah
Prophet
Literal definition of Islam
A believer in or follower of Islam
Arabic word for God
Messenger of God
Submission
Literal definition of Islam
Muslim
A believer in or follower of Islam
18 terms
islamic history
what is the trip taken once in their l…
during what month are the Muslims supp…
which group has about 90 percent of pe…
who do the Muslims give their money to
hajj
ramadan
sunni
poor
what is the trip taken once in their l…
hajj
during what month are the Muslims supp…
ramadan
ISLAMIC HISTORY
Migration or Hijrah
Ka'bah or Kaaba
Rashidun (The "Rightly Guided" Caliphs)
Shii Muslims (Shiites)
The Hijrah occurred when a small tribe of people moved from M…
The "cube" in Mecca that is believed to be built by Abraham.…
Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali: The first four caliphs of th…
Shiites believe that Ali should have been the first Calipha,…
Migration or Hijrah
The Hijrah occurred when a small tribe of people moved from M…
Ka'bah or Kaaba
The "cube" in Mecca that is believed to be built by Abraham.…
12 terms
History - Islam
570
595
610
630
Muhammad was born
Khadijah marries Muhammad
Jibreel visits Muhammad
Mecca convert to Islam
570
Muhammad was born
595
Khadijah marries Muhammad
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