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Study sets matching "judiciary civil rights"

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Study sets matching "judiciary civil rights"

105 terms
The Judiciary & Civil Rights & Liberties
Law
Judicial Review
Unconstitutional
Impartial
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of…
not consistent with a nation's constitution
unbiased
Law
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
Judicial Review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of…
109 terms
Judiciary and Civil Rights Test
the president is _____, congress is __…
The judiciary must represent real ___…
standing to sue
justicible
proactive, reactive, passive
cases and controversies
in the jurisdiction of federal courts, must be a real case an…
almost everything can be settled in a court and can become se…
the president is _____, congress is __…
proactive, reactive, passive
The judiciary must represent real ___…
cases and controversies
139 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Article III
civil liberties
criminal law
civil law
the judicial branch is created in this article
protections against government action
deals with charges on breaking specific laws
deals with disputes between parties
Article III
the judicial branch is created in this article
civil liberties
protections against government action
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
34 terms
Judiciary and Civil Liberties/Rights
criminal cases
civil cases
judicial review
Marbury v. Madison
Court cases involving a crime or violation of public order
Court cases that involve a private dispute arising from such…
The power to declare congressional/presidential acts invalid…
response to question: "if a law enacted by congress conflicts…
criminal cases
Court cases involving a crime or violation of public order
civil cases
Court cases that involve a private dispute arising from such…
71 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties/Rights
Ninth Amendment
Tenth Amendment
Selective Incorporation
Establishment Clause
Rights that are not enumerated in the constitution are retain…
Federal government cannot and will not step outside its const…
Doctrine that ensures that states cannot infringe upon certai…
There is a boundary between church and state (the first prono…
Ninth Amendment
Rights that are not enumerated in the constitution are retain…
Tenth Amendment
Federal government cannot and will not step outside its const…
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
41 terms
Judiciary + Civil Rights/Liberties
Judicial Review
Marbury v Madison
McCulloch v Maryland
Gibbens v Ogden
Federal Courts can rule on the constitutionality of laws and…
Established Judicial Review
the power granted to the Federal Government should be constru…
...
Judicial Review
Federal Courts can rule on the constitutionality of laws and…
Marbury v Madison
Established Judicial Review
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
93 terms
AP Judiciary & Civil Rights
How did Alexander Hamilton characteriz…
Why did the framers give judges lifeti…
What is the only way for Congress to a…
trial courts
"least dangerous branch"
They wanted to bolster it because they didn't want it to be t…
propose a new amendment to reverse the decision
courts of original jurisdiction where cases begin
How did Alexander Hamilton characteriz…
"least dangerous branch"
Why did the framers give judges lifeti…
They wanted to bolster it because they didn't want it to be t…
97 terms
The Judiciary & Civil Rights & Liberties
Law
Principles of Democracy in the Judiciary
Rule of Law
Controls on the Abuse of Power
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
-vote elected representatives to write our laws based on our…
-courts say that no individual, group, organization, or gover…
-the judiciary may limit the executive and legislative branch…
Law
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
Principles of Democracy in the Judiciary
-vote elected representatives to write our laws based on our…
20 terms
The judiciary and civil rights :
civil rights
civil liberties
Due process
ex post facto
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
the state of being subject only to laws established for the g…
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially…
with retroactive effect or force
civil rights
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
civil liberties
the state of being subject only to laws established for the g…
186 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Liberties
civil rights
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Seneca Falls Convention
Dred Scott v. Stanford
government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary…
prohibited slavery north of the geographical boundary at 36 d…
passed resolutions demanding the abolition of legal, economic…
ruled that missouri compromise was unconstitutional and slave…
civil rights
government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary…
Missouri Compromise of 1820
prohibited slavery north of the geographical boundary at 36 d…
24 terms
Judiciary and Civil Rights and Liberties
In the Constitution
About it
1891 Judiciary Act
Supreme Court (SC)
-9 sentences long... -Specifies a Supreme Court, Congress does t…
-A lot of lawyers, 1.1 million, 75% men, 90% white... -Primarily…
-put an appeals level in the middle... -1 in DC... -military appeal…
-8 associate justices, and 1 supreme judge (Justice Blackman,…
In the Constitution
-9 sentences long... -Specifies a Supreme Court, Congress does t…
About it
-A lot of lawyers, 1.1 million, 75% men, 90% white... -Primarily…
83 terms
Judiciary/civil liberties/civil rights
They US has a ________ court system
What is the order of the federal court…
The Federal government has Jurisdictio…
Dual sovereignty cases
dual
1. Federal District... 2. Courts of Appeal... 3. The Supreme Court…
- constitutional interpretation, federal statue or treaty (th…
breaking both federal and state law
They US has a ________ court system
dual
What is the order of the federal court…
1. Federal District... 2. Courts of Appeal... 3. The Supreme Court…
30 terms
The Judiciary / Civil Liberties / Civil Rights
amicus curiae
brief
class-action suit
concurring opinion
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court."
A written statement by an attorney that summarizes a case and…
A case brought by someone to help both himself or herself and…
A signed opinion in which one or more members agree with the…
amicus curiae
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court."
brief
A written statement by an attorney that summarizes a case and…
36 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights
Stare Decisis
Senatorial Courtesy
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Respect Stare Decisis; Cant make decisions bases on political…
Go to district court and ask for good judges to appoint. It r…
Freedoms and protection of the government. Amendment 1-10.
Want the government to protect us from the state or unequal t…
Stare Decisis
Respect Stare Decisis; Cant make decisions bases on political…
Senatorial Courtesy
Go to district court and ask for good judges to appoint. It r…
88 terms
Judiciary and Civil Liberties/ Civil Rights
writ of certiorari
original jurisdiction of the Supreme C…
appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme…
constitutional courts: district courts…
a request for the supreme court to order up the records from…
the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
A court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court
federal courts specifically created by the U.S constitution o…
writ of certiorari
a request for the supreme court to order up the records from…
original jurisdiction of the Supreme C…
the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
85 terms
Judiciary/Civil Liberties/Civil Rights
Judicial Review
Criminal Law
Civil Law
Constitutional Courts
Federal courts to declare laws of congress and acts of the ex…
Offense against society for which conviction could result in…
Rules defining relations among private citizens... can't take l…
Constitutional powers and protections supreme courts, sercet…
Judicial Review
Federal courts to declare laws of congress and acts of the ex…
Criminal Law
Offense against society for which conviction could result in…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
83 terms
Judiciary/Civil Rights/Civil Liberties
judicial review
justiciable dispute
adversary system
class action suit
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
A case brought by someone to help him or her and all others w…
judicial review
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
justiciable dispute
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
66 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Trial
Appellate
Constitutional Courts
Legislative Courts
Answering a question of fact
Answering a question of law; how was the process of the reach…
- Article III of the Constitution... - Judges serve for good beh…
- Created by the Congress for Specialized purposes... - Terms ar…
Trial
Answering a question of fact
Appellate
Answering a question of law; how was the process of the reach…
96 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
19th Amendment
...
...
...
...
13th Amendment
...
14th Amendment
...
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
28 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights
judicial review
appellate jurisdiction
grand jury
judicial activism
the of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
the authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
12-23 people who privately hear evidence presented by the gov…
philosophy that judges should strike down laws that are incon…
judicial review
the of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
appellate jurisdiction
the authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
19 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Judicial review
is judicial review stated in the Const…
Marbury vs Madison
strict constructionist perspective
power of Supreme Court to determine constitutionality of laws…
NO; John Marshall established this when he was Chief Justice…
Judicial review
the view that justices should base decisions on a narrow inte…
Judicial review
power of Supreme Court to determine constitutionality of laws…
is judicial review stated in the Const…
NO; John Marshall established this when he was Chief Justice…
42 terms
Unit 5 The Judiciary-Civil Rights
Policies that are designed by governme…
Means changing (as not the same for a…
Everyone should have the same chances;…
Everyone should have the same rewards;…
civil rights
arbitrary
equal opportunity
equal results
Policies that are designed by governme…
civil rights
Means changing (as not the same for a…
arbitrary
72 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties Vocab
14th Amendment
Establishment clause
free exercise clause
Free Speech and Press
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and a…
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from in…
people can express unpopular views
14th Amendment
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and a…
Establishment clause
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
32 terms
Unit Five: Judiciary and Civil Rights
Adversarial system
Appellate jurisdiction
Civil law
Class action suits
A neutral arena in which two parties present opposing points…
All other cases after first being heard in a lower court
Cases where no charge of criminality is made, but one person…
Permits a small number of people to represent all other peopl…
Adversarial system
A neutral arena in which two parties present opposing points…
Appellate jurisdiction
All other cases after first being heard in a lower court
106 terms
AP Gov- Judiciary, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury v. Madison
national supremacy
common law
established the federal court system by dividing the country…
Established judicial review. 1803.
...
a system of law based on precedent and customs
Judiciary Act of 1789
established the federal court system by dividing the country…
Marbury v. Madison
Established judicial review. 1803.
37 terms
Federal Judiciary and Civil Rights/Liberties
Dual Court System
Types of Federal Courts
Constitutional Courts
Special Courts
1. State: each state has its own system of courts... 2. Federal:…
1. Constitutional Courts... 2. Special Courts
stated in the constitution: supreme court, court of appeals
implied they are need, but they aren't stated directly in the…
Dual Court System
1. State: each state has its own system of courts... 2. Federal:…
Types of Federal Courts
1. Constitutional Courts... 2. Special Courts
38 terms
Gov Civil Rights and Liberties and Judiciary
What is a civil liberty?
What does the 1st amendment protect? (4)
Barron v Baltimore
Gitlow v. NY
A constitutional protection against the government
Speech, religion, assembly, petition
First amendment rights (and the bill of rights in general) we…
States have to follow the bill of rights too (due process cla…
What is a civil liberty?
A constitutional protection against the government
What does the 1st amendment protect? (4)
Speech, religion, assembly, petition
112 terms
AP Gov (Civil Rights and the Judiciary)
6 Categories of Amendments
Marbury v. Madison
Stare decisis
SCOTUS Process of Accepting Case
Bill of Rights, Fundamental Changes, Expansion of Suffrage, O…
Granted power of judicial review
Deciding based on precedent
People appeal to higher courts, law clerks working for justic…
6 Categories of Amendments
Bill of Rights, Fundamental Changes, Expansion of Suffrage, O…
Marbury v. Madison
Granted power of judicial review
30 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights, and Liberties Jeopardy
federal courts - other than S.C. - are…
this federal court exercises both appe…
the court of the district of columbia…
most federal cases are heard in these…
Congress
Supreme Court
constitiutional court
district courts
federal courts - other than S.C. - are…
Congress
this federal court exercises both appe…
Supreme Court
53 terms
AP Gov Civil Rights, Civil Liberties, and Judiciary
Barron v Baltimore
Gitlow v New York
Engle v Vitale
Lemon v Kurtzman
1833; Bill of Rights applies only to federal government; crea…
1925; first case which applied Bill of Rights to states throu…
1962; struck down a NY State nondenominational prayer with th…
1971; Lemon test: 1) legislation must have a secular *purpose…
Barron v Baltimore
1833; Bill of Rights applies only to federal government; crea…
Gitlow v New York
1925; first case which applied Bill of Rights to states throu…
112 terms
AP Gov Judiciary, Civil Liberties, Civil Right
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury v. Madison**
Judicial Review
national supremacy
Created federal courts that would coexist with the courts in…
involved a series of controversial last minute appointments:…
the power to declare congressional and presidential acts inva…
A constitutional doctrine that whenever conflict occurs betwe…
Judiciary Act of 1789
Created federal courts that would coexist with the courts in…
Marbury v. Madison**
involved a series of controversial last minute appointments:…
44 terms
Unit 3: civil RIghts, Civil Liberties, and the Judiciary
Bill of Rights
Constitution
Espionage Acts
Sedition Acts
a formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of…
A document that embodies the fundamental laws and principles…
1917 after WWl entry; prohibits interference with military op…
extended the Espionage Act of 1917 to cover a broader range o…
Bill of Rights
a formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of…
Constitution
A document that embodies the fundamental laws and principles…
120 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Vocabulary
Autonomy
Classes or Categories of Individuals
Economic Rights
Negative Rights
independence, freedom, or the right to self-governance
under most legal systems members of certain classes or catego…
those rights essential to citizens that allow them to earn a…
those rights that prohibit government from acting in certain…
Autonomy
independence, freedom, or the right to self-governance
Classes or Categories of Individuals
under most legal systems members of certain classes or catego…
50 terms
judiciary, civil liberties, and civil rights vocab
Amicus Curiae Briefs
Appellate jurisdiction
district courts
senatorial courtesy
legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
the jurisdiction of courts that hear cases brought to them on…
the 91 federal courts of original jurisdiction. they are only…
an unwritten tradition whereby nominations for state level fe…
Amicus Curiae Briefs
legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
Appellate jurisdiction
the jurisdiction of courts that hear cases brought to them on…
86 terms
Unit V Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights
Writ of Certiorari
Writ of Mandamus
rule of four
stare decisis
A formal writ used to bring a case before the Supreme Court.
A court order directing an official to perform an official du…
Requirement that a case can only be heard by the Supreme Cour…
"Let the decision stand," or allowing prior rulings to contro…
Writ of Certiorari
A formal writ used to bring a case before the Supreme Court.
Writ of Mandamus
A court order directing an official to perform an official du…
34 terms
Unit 8 (judiciary, civil rights, civil liberties)
judicial review
judicial restraint
activist approach
Marbury v Madison
power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
strict constitutionalist
judges decide by applying mode ideas (loose constitutionalist)
1803... upheld judicial review of congressional acts
judicial review
power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
judicial restraint
strict constitutionalist
50 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights Vocabulary Terms
Judicial review
District courts
Courts of Appeals
Judicial Restraint
the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
the lowest federal courts; federal trials can be held only th…
federal courts that hear appeals from district courts; no tri…
the view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
Judicial review
the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
District courts
the lowest federal courts; federal trials can be held only th…
37 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights Vocab
Writ of Certiorari
Certificate
Writ of Mandamus
Litigant
The Supreme Court calling a case up from a lower court
When a lower court requests the S.C to clarify a case
an extraordinary writ commanding an official to perform a min…
any party to a lawsuit. This means plaintiff, defendant, peti…
Writ of Certiorari
The Supreme Court calling a case up from a lower court
Certificate
When a lower court requests the S.C to clarify a case
19 terms
ap gov: judiciary, civil liberties, civil rights
civil liberty
civil right
establishment clause
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
legal and constitutional rightd that protact individuals from…
protection against discriminatory treatments by government of…
Clause in the First Amendment that states that Congress shall…
The Supreme Court declared that aid to church-related schools…
civil liberty
legal and constitutional rightd that protact individuals from…
civil right
protection against discriminatory treatments by government of…
38 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights Vocab
Writ of Certiorari
Certificate
Writ of Mandamus
Litigant
The Supreme Court calling a case up from a lower court
When a lower court requests the S.C to clarify a case
an extraordinary writ commanding an official to perform a min…
any party to a lawsuit. This means plaintiff, defendant, peti…
Writ of Certiorari
The Supreme Court calling a case up from a lower court
Certificate
When a lower court requests the S.C to clarify a case
27 terms
Judiciary and Civil Rights/ Civil Liberties FRQ's
using the chart above, describe ONE si…
Using the chart above, describe TWO di…
Explain why a president's party affili…
Describe one way a president can incre…
• In both cases more than half the appointees were white. Pre…
Obama appointed a significantly greater percentage of women t…
President chooses nominees with similar views who will rule i…
• Consulting with the Senate/using senatorial courtesy... • Choo…
using the chart above, describe ONE si…
• In both cases more than half the appointees were white. Pre…
Using the chart above, describe TWO di…
Obama appointed a significantly greater percentage of women t…
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