Study sets matching "judiciary civil"

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Study sets matching "judiciary civil"

27 terms
The Judiciary & Civil Liberties
Judicial Review
Judicial Activist
Marbury v. Madison
District Court
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of…
Philosophy proposing that judges should interpret the Constit…
The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his as…
a lower federal court that has original jurisdiction in most…
Judicial Review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of…
Judicial Activist
Philosophy proposing that judges should interpret the Constit…
The Judiciary & Civil Rights & Liberties
Law
What does the Constitution say about t…
Constitution History ... What was set up…
Judiciary Act of 1789
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
-Vested in 1 Supreme Court, but other inferior courts can be…
1. Executive departments ... 2. Bill of Rights ... 3. Judiciary
An Act to Establish the Judicial Courts of the United States…
Law
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
What does the Constitution say about t…
-Vested in 1 Supreme Court, but other inferior courts can be…
20 terms
The Judiciary And Civil Liberties Topics
English Bill Of Rights
Civil Rights
Double Jeopardy
Civil Liberties
A British Law, passed by the Parliament of Great Britain in 1…
The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
The prosecution of a person twice for the same offense.
The state of being subject only to laws established for the g…
English Bill Of Rights
A British Law, passed by the Parliament of Great Britain in 1…
Civil Rights
The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
139 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Article III
civil liberties
criminal law
civil law
the judicial branch is created in this article
protections against government action
deals with charges on breaking specific laws
deals with disputes between parties
Article III
the judicial branch is created in this article
civil liberties
protections against government action
25 terms
Judiciary and Civil Liberties
Understanding Federal Judiciary
Civil and Criminal Law
Judicial Review
Adversary System
- No Army or Navy to enforce = must rely on public support of…
- Only const. amendment or later supreme court ruling can ove…
The power of a court to refuse to enforce a law or government…
Judicial system in which court of law is a neutral arena wher…
Understanding Federal Judiciary
- No Army or Navy to enforce = must rely on public support of…
Civil and Criminal Law
- Only const. amendment or later supreme court ruling can ove…
65 terms
Judiciary and Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
Civil rights
9th amendment
10th amendment
Personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cant abd…
Produce freedom from arbitrary/discriminatory treatment by th…
Enumerating rights in the Bill of Rights or Constitution does…
Powers not delegated to the national government are reserved…
Civil liberties
Personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cant abd…
Civil rights
Produce freedom from arbitrary/discriminatory treatment by th…
The Judiciary & Civil Liberties
Article III
Federal Court Structure
Judicial Activism
Judicial Selection Process
Judicial Branch
district court, court of appeals, US supreme court
An interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the s…
President appoints, senate approves.
Article III
Judicial Branch
Federal Court Structure
district court, court of appeals, US supreme court
Judiciary and Civil Liberties
judicial review
adversary system
criminal law
civil law
the power of a court to refuse to enforce a law or government…
a judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
a law that defines crimes against the public order
a law that governs relationships between individuals and defi…
judicial review
the power of a court to refuse to enforce a law or government…
adversary system
a judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
80 terms
Civil Liberties + Judiciary
bill of rights
9th amendment
10th amendment
due process clause
first 10 amendments of the constitution
clarifies that enumerating rights does not mean that others d…
powers not delegated to the national government are reserved…
5th + 14th amendments include it, guarantees a variety of rig…
bill of rights
first 10 amendments of the constitution
9th amendment
clarifies that enumerating rights does not mean that others d…
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
71 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties/Rights
Ninth Amendment
Tenth Amendment
Selective Incorporation
Establishment Clause
Rights that are not enumerated in the constitution are retain…
Federal government cannot and will not step outside its const…
Doctrine that ensures that states cannot infringe upon certai…
There is a boundary between church and state (the first prono…
Ninth Amendment
Rights that are not enumerated in the constitution are retain…
Tenth Amendment
Federal government cannot and will not step outside its const…
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
61 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights/Liberties
14th amendment
Individual Rights
Religion: clause and free exercise cla…
Engle v. Vitale (prayer in school)
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
things an individual is entitled have or to do
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Supreme Court that ruled it unconstitutional for state offici…
14th amendment
"All born or naturalized in the United States are subject o i…
Individual Rights
things an individual is entitled have or to do
109 terms
Judiciary and Civil Rights Test
the president is _____, congress is __…
The judiciary must represent real ___…
standing to sue
justicible
proactive, reactive, passive
cases and controversies
in the jurisdiction of federal courts, must be a real case an…
almost everything can be settled in a court and can become se…
the president is _____, congress is __…
proactive, reactive, passive
The judiciary must represent real ___…
cases and controversies
20 terms
The Judiciary and Civil liberties topics
Bill of Rights
Plaintiff
Defendant
Jurisdiction
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in…
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law.
an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a c…
the official power to make legal decisions and judgments
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in…
Plaintiff
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law.
32 terms
The Judiciary and Civil Liberties
judicial review
libel
slander
obscenity
the power of the judiciary to examine the actions of the legi…
the publication of false or malicious statements that damages…
the same as libel, only spoken instead of printed
any utterance or act that strongly offends the prevalent mora…
judicial review
the power of the judiciary to examine the actions of the legi…
libel
the publication of false or malicious statements that damages…
93 terms
AP Judiciary & Civil Rights
How did Alexander Hamilton characteriz…
Why did the framers give judges lifeti…
What is the only way for Congress to a…
trial courts
"least dangerous branch"
They wanted to bolster it because they didn't want it to be t…
propose a new amendment to reverse the decision
courts of original jurisdiction where cases begin
How did Alexander Hamilton characteriz…
"least dangerous branch"
Why did the framers give judges lifeti…
They wanted to bolster it because they didn't want it to be t…
34 terms
Judiciary and Civil Liberties/Rights
criminal cases
civil cases
judicial review
Marbury v. Madison
Court cases involving a crime or violation of public order
Court cases that involve a private dispute arising from such…
The power to declare congressional/presidential acts invalid…
response to question: "if a law enacted by congress conflicts…
criminal cases
Court cases involving a crime or violation of public order
civil cases
Court cases that involve a private dispute arising from such…
186 terms
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Liberties
civil rights
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Seneca Falls Convention
Dred Scott v. Stanford
government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary…
prohibited slavery north of the geographical boundary at 36 d…
passed resolutions demanding the abolition of legal, economic…
ruled that missouri compromise was unconstitutional and slave…
civil rights
government-protected rights of individuals against arbitrary…
Missouri Compromise of 1820
prohibited slavery north of the geographical boundary at 36 d…
85 terms
Judiciary/Civil Liberties/Civil Rights
Judicial Review
Criminal Law
Civil Law
Constitutional Courts
Federal courts to declare laws of congress and acts of the ex…
Offense against society for which conviction could result in…
Rules defining relations among private citizens... can't take l…
Constitutional powers and protections supreme courts, sercet…
Judicial Review
Federal courts to declare laws of congress and acts of the ex…
Criminal Law
Offense against society for which conviction could result in…
Judiciary/Civil Rights/Civil Liberties
judicial review
justiciable dispute
adversary system
class action suit
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
A case brought by someone to help him or her and all others w…
judicial review
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws
justiciable dispute
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
83 terms
Judiciary/civil liberties/civil rights
They US has a ________ court system
What is the order of the federal court…
The Federal government has Jurisdictio…
Dual sovereignty cases
dual
1. Federal District... 2. Courts of Appeal... 3. The Supreme Court…
- constitutional interpretation, federal statue or treaty (th…
breaking both federal and state law
They US has a ________ court system
dual
What is the order of the federal court…
1. Federal District... 2. Courts of Appeal... 3. The Supreme Court…
36 terms
APGOV Judiciary and Civil Liberties
symbolic speech
libel
clear-and-present Danger Test
freedom of expression
an act that conveys a political message
writing something that is knowingly false and injures another…
law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and pre…
right of people to speak, publish, and assemble
symbolic speech
an act that conveys a political message
libel
writing something that is knowingly false and injures another…
139 terms
The Judiciary & Civil Rights & Liberties
Law
Principles of Democracy in the Judiciary
Rule of Law
Controls on the Abuse of Power
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
-vote elected representatives to write our laws based on our…
-courts say that no individual, group, organization, or gover…
-the judiciary may limit the executive and legislative branch…
Law
the set of rules and standards by which a society governs its…
Principles of Democracy in the Judiciary
-vote elected representatives to write our laws based on our…
Week 3 - The Civil Service and Judiciary
Public Service Departments - February…
Political Neutrality:
A Professional Public Service
Politicians and Public Servants
Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment... Canterbury Ea…
The Public Service Act 1912 established a non-political Publi…
The State Services Act 1962:... Established a clear boundary bet…
Politicians = Public face... Public Servants = Anonymity
Public Service Departments - February…
Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment... Canterbury Ea…
Political Neutrality:
The Public Service Act 1912 established a non-political Publi…
Civil Liberties & Judiciary
What is writ of habeas corpus ?
What is the bill of attainder ?
What is the ex post facto law ?
What is the primary function of the Bi…
A document stating why a prisoner is in jail? Artile 1 sectio…
Legislative Act that punishes a person or a group of people w…
Punishes individuals for committing an act that was legal whe…
To protect the rights of those in the minority against of the…
What is writ of habeas corpus ?
A document stating why a prisoner is in jail? Artile 1 sectio…
What is the bill of attainder ?
Legislative Act that punishes a person or a group of people w…
Judiciary and Civil Liberties Key Words
Judicial Review
Judicial Independence
Judicial Neutrality
Civil Liberties
A process whereby the courts review decisions by the state of…
The principle that members of the judiciary should retain ind…
The principal that members of the judiciary should avoid allo…
The rights and freedoms that citizens enjoy in relation to th…
Judicial Review
A process whereby the courts review decisions by the state of…
Judicial Independence
The principle that members of the judiciary should retain ind…
23 terms
The judiciary & civil liberities test
Judicial review
writ of certiorari
certificate
brief
review by the Supreme Court to determine if a legislative act…
an order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up…
a method of putting a case before the Supreme Court; used whe…
detailed written statements filed with the Court before oral…
Judicial review
review by the Supreme Court to determine if a legislative act…
writ of certiorari
an order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up…
96 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
19th Amendment
abolishes slavery
provides citizenship, contains the Equal Protection and Due P…
gives men of every race the right to vote; right of citizens…
gives women the right to vote; right of citizens to vote is g…
13th Amendment
abolishes slavery
14th Amendment
provides citizenship, contains the Equal Protection and Due P…
30 terms
The Judiciary / Civil Liberties / Civil Rights
amicus curiae
brief
class-action suit
concurring opinion
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court."
A written statement by an attorney that summarizes a case and…
A case brought by someone to help both himself or herself and…
A signed opinion in which one or more members agree with the…
amicus curiae
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court."
brief
A written statement by an attorney that summarizes a case and…
38 terms
Judiciary/Civil Liberties Test
Criminal cases
Civil cases
Judicial Review
Precedent
Court cases involving an accused crime or violation of public…
Court cases that involve a private dispute arising from such…
The ability to judge whether the actions of other branches is…
Practices set in order by judicial rulings
Criminal cases
Court cases involving an accused crime or violation of public…
Civil cases
Court cases that involve a private dispute arising from such…
The Judiciary/Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
1. 13th Amendment
2. 14th Amendment
3. 15th Amendment
4. 19th Amendment
abolishes slavery
Equal protection-civil rights (all protected, states vs 5th a…
voting protection for all men
women's suffrage
1. 13th Amendment
abolishes slavery
2. 14th Amendment
Equal protection-civil rights (all protected, states vs 5th a…
88 terms
Judiciary and Civil Liberties/ Civil Rights
writ of certiorari
original jurisdiction of the Supreme C…
appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme…
constitutional courts: district courts…
a request for the supreme court to order up the records from…
the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
A court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court
federal courts specifically created by the U.S constitution o…
writ of certiorari
a request for the supreme court to order up the records from…
original jurisdiction of the Supreme C…
the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
24 terms
Judiciary and Civil Rights and Liberties
In the Constitution
About it
1891 Judiciary Act
Supreme Court (SC)
-9 sentences long... -Specifies a Supreme Court, Congress does t…
-A lot of lawyers, 1.1 million, 75% men, 90% white... -Primarily…
-put an appeals level in the middle... -1 in DC... -military appeal…
-8 associate justices, and 1 supreme judge (Justice Blackman,…
In the Constitution
-9 sentences long... -Specifies a Supreme Court, Congress does t…
About it
-A lot of lawyers, 1.1 million, 75% men, 90% white... -Primarily…
Judiciary, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Trial
Appellate
Constitutional Courts
Legislative Courts
Answering a question of fact
Answering a question of law; how was the process of the reach…
- Article III of the Constitution... - Judges serve for good beh…
- Created by the Congress for Specialized purposes... - Terms ar…
Trial
Answering a question of fact
Appellate
Answering a question of law; how was the process of the reach…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
42 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Dual Court System
Judiciary Act of 1789
Judicial Review
Common (Judge-made) Law
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
The power of courts to decide whether a governmental institut…
Established by a court, as by an application or interpretatio…
Dual Court System
The judicial court system is divided into two branches: state…
Judiciary Act of 1789
The bill that had established the Supreme Court and the lower…
28 terms
Judiciary, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights
judicial review
appellate jurisdiction
grand jury
judicial activism
the of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
the authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
12-23 people who privately hear evidence presented by the gov…
philosophy that judges should strike down laws that are incon…
judicial review
the of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
appellate jurisdiction
the authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
19 terms
The Judiciary, Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Judicial review
is judicial review stated in the Const…
Marbury vs Madison
strict constructionist perspective
power of Supreme Court to determine constitutionality of laws…
NO; John Marshall established this when he was Chief Justice…
Judicial review
the view that justices should base decisions on a narrow inte…
Judicial review
power of Supreme Court to determine constitutionality of laws…
is judicial review stated in the Const…
NO; John Marshall established this when he was Chief Justice…
20 terms
Judiciary And Civil Liberties Topics
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Due process
Ex post facto
The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental o…
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially…
a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action…
Civil Rights
The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
Civil Liberties
individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental o…
Judiciary and Civil Liberties
Judicial Review
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Trial Court
Appellate Court
Power of the courts to review acts of other branches of gover…
Case in which the Supreme Court first asserted the power of j…
Court of original jurisdiction where cases begin, litigation…
Court that generally reviews only findings of law made by low…
Judicial Review
Power of the courts to review acts of other branches of gover…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Case in which the Supreme Court first asserted the power of j…
Judiciary + Civil Rights/Liberties
Judicial Review
Marbury v Madison
McCulloch v Maryland
Gibbens v Ogden
Federal Courts can rule on the constitutionality of laws and…
Established Judicial Review
the power granted to the Federal Government should be constru…
...
Judicial Review
Federal Courts can rule on the constitutionality of laws and…
Marbury v Madison
Established Judicial Review
20 terms
The judiciary and civil liberties
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Due Process
Double Jeopardy
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
the state of being subject only to laws established for the g…
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially…
the prosecution of a person twice for the same offense.
Civil Rights
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
Civil Liberties
the state of being subject only to laws established for the g…
Judiciary and Civil liberties Amendments
1st Amd
2nd Amd
4th Amd
5th Amd
Speech, religion, press, assembly, petition
Right to bear arms
Privacy
Grand jury, no Double jeopardy, no Self-incrimination, Due pr…
1st Amd
Speech, religion, press, assembly, petition
2nd Amd
Right to bear arms
Judiciary and civil liberties definitions
Judiciary
Judicial independence
Life tenure (security of tenure)
Judicial neutrality
The term used to refer to UK courts and the justices that res…
The principle that the judiciary should be separate from the…
Where a job is permanently held until retirement (75), and th…
Principle that the judiciary should be completely impartial,…
Judiciary
The term used to refer to UK courts and the justices that res…
Judicial independence
The principle that the judiciary should be separate from the…
The Judiciary and Civil Liberties Topics
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Due Process
Double Jeopardy
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental o…
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially…
the prosecution of a person twice for the same offense.
Civil Rights
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
Civil Liberties
individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental o…
20 terms
The judiciary and civil rights :
civil rights
civil liberties
Due process
ex post facto
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
the state of being subject only to laws established for the g…
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially…
with retroactive effect or force
civil rights
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
civil liberties
the state of being subject only to laws established for the g…
The Judiciary and Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Due Process
Bill Of Rights
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law
Civil Rights
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law
Civil Liberties
a person who brings a case against another in a court of law
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