Study sets matching "justice intro law"

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Study sets matching "justice intro law"

36 terms
Introduction to Law, Society, and Justice
Actus Reus
Breach of Contract
Burden of Proof
corpus delicti
Meaning "a guilty act," it refers to the three forms of the c…
The failure to comply with the terms of a valid contract.
The obligation to prove allegations presented in a court of l…
Refers to the five elements of criminal liability, each of wh…
Actus Reus
Meaning "a guilty act," it refers to the three forms of the c…
Breach of Contract
The failure to comply with the terms of a valid contract.
32 terms
Introduction to law enforcement and criminal justice, Chapter 3
Official government statistics, self-r…
FBI
Provide more detailed data
Robbery
A frequently used source of information about crime is___
In the 1930, Congress assigned the ___ to serve as a national…
Compares with summary UCR statistics, the advantage of the Na…
The taking of anything of value from the control, care, or cu…
Official government statistics, self-r…
A frequently used source of information about crime is___
FBI
In the 1930, Congress assigned the ___ to serve as a national…
36 terms
Introduction to law enforcement and criminal justice, Chapter 5
Patrol officers must use good judgemen…
Most officers in a police department a…
as law enforcers, a key duty of patrol…
Results of the Kansas City Preventive…
true
patrol
protect constitutional guarantees.
crime, citizen fear of crime, and police response time.
Patrol officers must use good judgemen…
true
Most officers in a police department a…
patrol
Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice: Chapter 8
4th amendment
reasonable suspicion
totality of circumstances
1. observation by officers... 2. expertis…
constitutional standards for searches and seizures, including…
legal standard defined in U.S. v. Cortez as "a particularized…
considering all factors involved in a given situation
probable cause may be based on these 4 factors
4th amendment
constitutional standards for searches and seizures, including…
reasonable suspicion
legal standard defined in U.S. v. Cortez as "a particularized…
Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice: Chapter 10
terrorism
what most definitions of terrorism inc…
three elements of terrorism
asymmetric warfare
includes the unlawful use of force and violence against perso…
systematic use of physical violence, either actual or threate…
1. criminal in nature... 2. targets are typically symbolic... 3. te…
conflict in which a much weaker opponent takes on a stronger…
terrorism
includes the unlawful use of force and violence against perso…
what most definitions of terrorism inc…
systematic use of physical violence, either actual or threate…
47 terms
law and justice- unit 1(introduct. to criminal justice)
felony
misdemeanor
plea bargain
criminology
a serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of…
a criminal offense, less serous than a felony, punishable by…
defendant pleads guilty to get a lesser sentence
scientific study of crime causation
felony
a serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of…
misdemeanor
a criminal offense, less serous than a felony, punishable by…
32 terms
Introduction to law enforcement and Criminal Justice chapter 10
terrorist do not see themselves as evi…
Chemical devices are more likely than…
On October 8, 2001, Executive order 13…
At the federal level, the Department o…
True
True
True
False
terrorist do not see themselves as evi…
True
Chemical devices are more likely than…
True
Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice: Chapter 9
33,000
gang
Crips
Bloods
Estimated number of active gangs in the U.S. as of 2011
ongoing group, club, organization, or association or five or…
gang with the reputation of being the toughest African Americ…
well-known African American gang; rivals of the Crips
33,000
Estimated number of active gangs in the U.S. as of 2011
gang
ongoing group, club, organization, or association or five or…
17 terms
Introduction to law enforcement and criminal justice final exam
To be constitutional, searches and sei…
The ____ allows police to question sus…
3. A law enforcement officer is legall…
4. A search conducted with a warrant i…
Probable cause
the public safety expectations
3. True
4. False
To be constitutional, searches and sei…
Probable cause
The ____ allows police to question sus…
the public safety expectations
75 terms
Criminal justice 103 introduction to Law and Justice 1-4
Which of the following is not one of t…
Normative standards about what is good…
The action component of a value or a b…
Concrete physical signs that signify a…
Law
values
Norm
Symbols
Which of the following is not one of t…
Law
Normative standards about what is good…
values
Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice: Chapter 11
police discretion
discrimination
disparity
racial profiling
freedom of an agency or individual officer to choose to act o…
showing a preference in treating individuals or groups or fai…
a simple difference, not necessarily caused by any kind of bias
any police-initiated action that relies on the race, ethnicit…
police discretion
freedom of an agency or individual officer to choose to act o…
discrimination
showing a preference in treating individuals or groups or fai…
Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice: Chapter 7
community policing
public peace
social contract
social capital
philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that suppo…
established by the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights as we…
provides that for everyone to receive justice, each person mu…
bond among family members and their immediate, informal group…
community policing
philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that suppo…
public peace
established by the U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights as we…
70 terms
Criminal Justice 103 Introduction to Law and Justice 9-11
Direct control is_____,While indirect…
"Law varies____with social control" (B…
Which philosophy of punishment refers…
Arrest, trial, and sentencing are exam…
coercive, persuasive and voluntary
inversely
incapacitation
direct formal
Direct control is_____,While indirect…
coercive, persuasive and voluntary
"Law varies____with social control" (B…
inversely
34 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice: Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Criminal law focuses on the prosecutio…
Criminal law is divided into two parts…
Substantive Criminal Law
Procedural Criminal Law
Legislators
Substantive law and procedural law
Law that defines acts that are subject to punishment and spec…
Law defining the proceudures that criminal justice officials…
Criminal law focuses on the prosecutio…
Legislators
Criminal law is divided into two parts…
Substantive law and procedural law
Chapter 1: Law, Justice, and Society: A Sociological Introduction
Law
Culture
Beliefs
Values
Written body of general rules of conduct.
Totality of learned socially transmitted behaviors, ideas, va…
-ideas about how the world operates... -what is true and what is…
-normative standards... -more general and abstract than beilefs
Law
Written body of general rules of conduct.
Culture
Totality of learned socially transmitted behaviors, ideas, va…
10 terms
Law and Justice
Rapport
Active Listening
non-verbal Communication
incident Report
sympathetic relationship or understanding.
act of mindfully hearing and attempting to comprehend the mea…
Behavior and elements of speech aside from the words themselv…
a victims statement regarding a crime
Rapport
sympathetic relationship or understanding.
Active Listening
act of mindfully hearing and attempting to comprehend the mea…
18 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 4
Actus reus
Civil law
Criminal law
Criminal negligence
an illegal act, or failure to act when legally required
all law that is not criminal, including tort, contract, perso…
the body of rules that defines crimes, sets out their punishm…
liability that can occur when a person's careless and inatten…
Actus reus
an illegal act, or failure to act when legally required
Civil law
all law that is not criminal, including tort, contract, perso…
Law and Justice
Jean Jacques Rousseau. He also noted t…
None of them.
Frederick Bastiat
Plato.
Who stated that Laws are necessary to restrain violent passio…
Of the philosophers and statesmen noted, who said that Laws a…
Who said that Law is the substitution of a common force for i…
Who would most likely agree with the statement that Law is a…
Jean Jacques Rousseau. He also noted t…
Who stated that Laws are necessary to restrain violent passio…
None of them.
Of the philosophers and statesmen noted, who said that Laws a…
21 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 7
Accountability system
Blue curtain
Corruption
Cynicism
a system that makes police supervisors responsible for the be…
the secretive, insulated police culture that isolates officer…
exercising legitimate discretion for improper reasons or purs…
the belief that most people's actions are motivated solely by…
Accountability system
a system that makes police supervisors responsible for the be…
Blue curtain
the secretive, insulated police culture that isolates officer…
28 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 2
Career criminals
Consensus view of crime
Conflict view of crime
Crime
persistent repeat offenders who organize their lifestyle arou…
the view that the great majority of citizens agree that certa…
the view that criminal law is created and enforced by those w…
a violation of social rules of conduct, interpreted and expre…
Career criminals
persistent repeat offenders who organize their lifestyle arou…
Consensus view of crime
the view that the great majority of citizens agree that certa…
25 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 12
Community service restitution
Day fees
Day fine
Day reporting center (DRC)
an alternative sanction that requires an offender to work in…
a program requiring probationers to pay in part for the costs…
a fine geared to the average daily income of the convicted of…
a nonresidential, community-based treatment program.
Community service restitution
an alternative sanction that requires an offender to work in…
Day fees
a program requiring probationers to pay in part for the costs…
16 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 11
Brutalization effect
Chivalry hypothesis
Concurrent sentences
Consecutive sentences
the belief that capital punishment creates an atmosphere of b…
the view that the low rates of crime and delinquency among fe…
prison sentences for two or more criminal acts, served simult…
prison sentences for two or more criminal acts, served one af…
Brutalization effect
the belief that capital punishment creates an atmosphere of b…
Chivalry hypothesis
the view that the low rates of crime and delinquency among fe…
33 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 9
Alternative dispute resolution
Appellate court
Arbitration
Assigned counsel
a means of settling disputes outside the courtroom.
a court to which appeals are made on points of law resulting…
a process of dispute resolution in which a neutral third part…
a private attorney appointed by the court to represent a crim…
Alternative dispute resolution
a means of settling disputes outside the courtroom.
Appellate court
a court to which appeals are made on points of law resulting…
12 terms
Introduction to Law
Law
values
rules
human rights
A rule of conduct or standard of behavior established by prop…
Beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emo…
behavioral guidelines for specific settings.... Synonyms: orders…
the basic rights to which all people are entitled as human be…
Law
A rule of conduct or standard of behavior established by prop…
values
Beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emo…
16 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 14
Anger management
Cruel and unusual punishment
Furlough
Hands-off doctrine
programs designed to help people who have become dependent on…
physical punishment or punishment that far exceeds that given…
a correctional policy that allows inmates to leave the instit…
the legal practice of allowing prison administrators a free h…
Anger management
programs designed to help people who have become dependent on…
Cruel and unusual punishment
physical punishment or punishment that far exceeds that given…
30 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 3
Adolescent-limited offenders
Anomie
Antisocial personality
Collective efficacy
kids who get into minor scrapes as youths but whose misbehavi…
the absence or weakness of rules, norms, or guidelines on wha…
a personality characterized by a lack of warmth and feeling,…
a condition of mutual trust and cooperation that develops in…
Adolescent-limited offenders
kids who get into minor scrapes as youths but whose misbehavi…
Anomie
the absence or weakness of rules, norms, or guidelines on wha…
24 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 8
Arrest
Arrest warrant
Booking
Bus sweep
occurs when a police officer takes a person into custody or d…
an order, issued by a judge, directing officers to arrest a p…
the administrative record of an arrest listing the offender's…
police investigation technique in which officers board a bus…
Arrest
occurs when a police officer takes a person into custody or d…
Arrest warrant
an order, issued by a judge, directing officers to arrest a p…
35 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 10
Adjudication
Appeal
Arraignment
Avertable recidivist
the determination of guilt or innocence; a judgment concernin…
a request for an appellate court to examine a lower court's d…
initial trial court appearance, at which accused is read the…
a person whose crime would have been prevented if he or she h…
Adjudication
the determination of guilt or innocence; a judgment concernin…
Appeal
a request for an appellate court to examine a lower court's d…
80 terms
Crime, Law, & Criminal Justice
Consensus View of Crime
Conflict View of Crime
Interactionist View of Crime
Moral Entrepreneurs
The majority of citizen's in society share common ideals and…
The law is controlled by the rich and powerful who shape its…
Criminal law reflects the values of people who use their soci…
People who wage moral crusades to control criminal law so tha…
Consensus View of Crime
The majority of citizen's in society share common ideals and…
Conflict View of Crime
The law is controlled by the rich and powerful who shape its…
56 terms
Law (intro to law and justice)
justice
law
social contract
what four main sources does the law in…
the application of law in an impartial manner
a set of rules formulated by the government and interpreted b…
surrendering ones right to hurt others in order to receive so…
1) English common law 2)the constitution 3)statutes 4)court d…
justice
the application of law in an impartial manner
law
a set of rules formulated by the government and interpreted b…
21 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 13
Auburn system
Boot camp
Community treatment
Congregate system
a prison system, developed in New York during the nineteenth…
a short-term, militaristic correction facility in which inmat…
the attempt by correctional agencies to maintain convicted of…
a prison system, originated in New York, in which inmates wor…
Auburn system
a prison system, developed in New York during the nineteenth…
Boot camp
a short-term, militaristic correction facility in which inmat…
19 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 1
courtroom work group
criminal justice system
crime control perspective
decriminalization
a term used to imply that all parties in the justice process…
the system of law enforcement, adjudication, and correction t…
a model of criminal justice that emphasizes the control of da…
reducing the penalty for a criminal act without legalizing it
courtroom work group
a term used to imply that all parties in the justice process…
criminal justice system
the system of law enforcement, adjudication, and correction t…
20 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice - Chapter 6
Beats
Broken windows model
Community-oriented policing (COP)
Displacement
designated police patrol areas
the role of the police as maintainers of community order and…
programs designed to bring police and the public closer toget…
an effect that occurs when criminals move from an area target…
Beats
designated police patrol areas
Broken windows model
the role of the police as maintainers of community order and…
10 terms
Chapter 2: Justice and The Law
Distributive Justice
Retributive Justice
Substantive Law
Procedural Law
How a political entity distributes resources to it's members.
How a society determines guilt/innocence.
Places limits on individual's actions.
Places limits on the agents of the state as the enforce subst…
Distributive Justice
How a political entity distributes resources to it's members.
Retributive Justice
How a society determines guilt/innocence.
31 terms
Introduction to Law
Reformation
Common Law
Administration (Agency) Regulation.
Courts of Law
Court rewrites a contract to reflect the parties' intentions.
Law made and applied by judges as they decide cases not gover…
When the Internal Revenue Service adopts certain a new tax la…
Courts empowered to award wronged parties economic compensati…
Reformation
Court rewrites a contract to reflect the parties' intentions.
Common Law
Law made and applied by judges as they decide cases not gover…
95 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice
President Lyndon Johnson
Criminal Justice
Due process model
Crime control model
President commission on law enforcement and criminal justice…
Is the sums of society's activities to defend against crime.
Strict adherence to the constitution (get your time in court)
Focuses on the efficiency and effectiveness of process (polic…
President Lyndon Johnson
President commission on law enforcement and criminal justice…
Criminal Justice
Is the sums of society's activities to defend against crime.
18 terms
Chapter 16 - Introduction to Criminal Justice
corporate enterprise crime (p. 616)
cyberbullying (p. 628)
cybercrime (p. 624)
cyberstalking (p. 628)
illegal activities of people and organizations whose acknowle…
willful and repeated harm done through the medium of electron…
the theft and/or destruction of information, resources, or fu…
Using the Internet, e-mail, or other electronic communication…
corporate enterprise crime (p. 616)
illegal activities of people and organizations whose acknowle…
cyberbullying (p. 628)
willful and repeated harm done through the medium of electron…
33 terms
Introduction To Criminal Justice Final
Actus Reus
Arraignment
Bail
Bench Trial
Criminal conduct- specifically,intentional,or criminally negl…
Pre-trial stage its primary purpose is to hear the formal inf…
Momentary guarantee deposited with the court that is supposed…
A trial before a judge without a jury.
Actus Reus
Criminal conduct- specifically,intentional,or criminally negl…
Arraignment
Pre-trial stage its primary purpose is to hear the formal inf…
103 terms
criminal law and justice review
accidental death
accidental killing
homicide
criminal homicide
a death caused by unexpected or unintended means
A death that is the result of a purposeful human act lawfully…
(n.) the killing of one person by another
The purposeful, knowing, reckless, or negligent killing of on…
accidental death
a death caused by unexpected or unintended means
accidental killing
A death that is the result of a purposeful human act lawfully…
47 terms
Intro to Law and Justice Final
right
probable cause
self-incrimination
judicial review
that which is due to anyone by just claim, legal guarantees,…
reasonable ground for a belief, as, in a criminal case, that…
the act of incriminating oneself or exposing oneself to prose…
the power of a court to adjudicate the constitutionality of t…
right
that which is due to anyone by just claim, legal guarantees,…
probable cause
reasonable ground for a belief, as, in a criminal case, that…
117 terms
Introduction to Criminal Justice
Law
Characteristics of Culture
Code of Hammurabi
Plato (427-347 BCE)
A written body of general rules conduct applicable to all mem…
Beliefs: How the world operates and what is true and false.…
King of Babylonia (2123-2081 BCE)... Set of judgements original…
Humans lack the power to distinguish good and evil.... State is…
Law
A written body of general rules conduct applicable to all mem…
Characteristics of Culture
Beliefs: How the world operates and what is true and false.…
Introduction to Law
Fact Bound
Cause of Action
Enacted Law
Constitution
Legal issues are said to be fact bound when even a minor chan…
A claim that, based on the law and the facts, is sufficient t…
Constitutions, statutes, ordinances, and regulations.
The fundamental law of a nation or state.
Fact Bound
Legal issues are said to be fact bound when even a minor chan…
Cause of Action
A claim that, based on the law and the facts, is sufficient t…
Introduction To Law
Accused
acquitted
Burden of Proof
convicted
A person who has been arrested and charged with a criminal of…
When a judge or jury finds the accused person not guilty
An obligation to prove what is alleged. In other words, evide…
When a judge or jury finds the accused person guilty beyond r…
Accused
A person who has been arrested and charged with a criminal of…
acquitted
When a judge or jury finds the accused person not guilty
18 terms
Chapter 15 - Introduction to Criminal Justice
chancery courts (p. 579)
child savers (p. 579)
Children's Aid Society (p. 580)
commitment (p. 599)
early English courts established to protect the property righ…
civic leaders who focused their attention on the misdeeds of…
a group created by Charles Loring Brace to place indigent cit…
decision of judge who orders an adjudicated and sentenced juv…
chancery courts (p. 579)
early English courts established to protect the property righ…
child savers (p. 579)
civic leaders who focused their attention on the misdeeds of…
92 terms
Law & Justice : An Intro to Criminal Justice
Criminal Cases
Civil Cases
Plaintiff
Defendent
The state and the government are prosecuting.
Individuals sue one another seeking compensation for injuries…
The accuser (the government is plaintiff in civil cases).
The accused.
Criminal Cases
The state and the government are prosecuting.
Civil Cases
Individuals sue one another seeking compensation for injuries…
17 terms
Law & Justice
Civil Law
Class Action
Common Law
Contingency Fee
Usually dealing with private rights of people, groups or busi…
Lawsuit brought on one or more people on behalf of a larger g…
System of courts decision (establishing legal principles & ru…
Fee paid to the attorney because of the percentage of the sum…
Civil Law
Usually dealing with private rights of people, groups or busi…
Class Action
Lawsuit brought on one or more people on behalf of a larger g…
Criminal Justice; Introduction to Criminal Justice
Three goals of the criminal justice sy…
Componants of the criminal justice sys…
General categories of crime
Basic funtions and roles of LOCAL POLICE
1. To control crime... 2. To prevent crime... 3. Maintain justice
Cops, courts, corrections
Violent crime, property crime, victimless crime
1. Enforcing the law... 2. Investagating a crime... 3. Aresting... 4.…
Three goals of the criminal justice sy…
1. To control crime... 2. To prevent crime... 3. Maintain justice
Componants of the criminal justice sys…
Cops, courts, corrections
Law & Justice Study Guide
Jurisdiction
Bench Trial
Summary Trial
Institution of Social Control
The official power to make legal decisions & judgements
A trial conducted before a judge without a jury
A trial conducted with the judge alone to establish if the ca…
Social beliefs and social values that encourage citizens to n…
Jurisdiction
The official power to make legal decisions & judgements
Bench Trial
A trial conducted before a judge without a jury
37 terms
Introduction to Law
Common Law
Binding Precedent
Civil Case
Criminal Case
A law that is made by a judge, as oppose to being made by par…
The process by which common law is made... The term used to desc…
Relates to disputes between individuals, in which one person…
Relates to an offence against society, such as stealing, and…
Common Law
A law that is made by a judge, as oppose to being made by par…
Binding Precedent
The process by which common law is made... The term used to desc…
13 terms
Introduction to Law
Precedent
Stare Decisis
comtemporary law
statutes
Judges of all courts below the Supreme Court will refer to pr…
The principle that precedent is binding on later cases. which…
a practical study in the legal, judicial, law enforcement, an…
Laws created by Federal and State governments. State statutes…
Precedent
Judges of all courts below the Supreme Court will refer to pr…
Stare Decisis
The principle that precedent is binding on later cases. which…
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