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Study sets matching "juvenile delinquency"

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Study sets matching "juvenile delinquency"

48 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Theory
Demonology
Parens Patriae
Term Basis
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
Government designed to have this role as parents to juveniles
When a kid is taken into custody and they are sent to the det…
Theory
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
Demonology
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
31 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
theory or philosophy
sociological theories
social structural theories
social process
theory-things as they are... philosophy-the way things ought to be
social process -micro... social structure-macro
social disorganization ... radical
differential association(socialized in deviant behavior by as…
theory or philosophy
theory-things as they are... philosophy-the way things ought to be
sociological theories
social process -micro... social structure-macro
99 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
threatening to administer discipline a…
A small number of substance abusers en…
Evidence that a child's behavior impro…
party
According to Nye's research on the family, which behavior by…
What can be said about the relationship between drug abuse an…
Which statement about the effects of divorce on children is b…
Which type of gang involves the use and sale of drugs but exh…
threatening to administer discipline a…
According to Nye's research on the family, which behavior by…
A small number of substance abusers en…
What can be said about the relationship between drug abuse an…
40 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
juvenile delinquency
juvenile delinquent
adolescence
juvenile
An act committed by a minor that violates the penal code
A juvenile who has been adjudicated through the courts of com…
The life interval between childhood and adulthood, between th…
A youth at or below the upper age of juvenile court jurisdict…
juvenile delinquency
An act committed by a minor that violates the penal code
juvenile delinquent
A juvenile who has been adjudicated through the courts of com…
200 terms
juvenile delinquency
______ is the third leading cause of d…
According to _______, ego identity is…
Young people who are extremely vulnera…
The tendency for youths to reduce the…
Suicide
Erik Erickson
At-risk youth
Aging-out process
______ is the third leading cause of d…
Suicide
According to _______, ego identity is…
Erik Erickson
29 terms
Juvenile delinquency
industrial revolution, (rich fluent pe…
removing them from bad homes and placi…
Child Savers
practically became indentured servants…
What was the social context that helped give rise to the chil…
The child savers tried to prevent delinquency by what?
Who was it that believed in the goodness of children?
What do we know about the 200,000 children who were on the or…
industrial revolution, (rich fluent pe…
What was the social context that helped give rise to the chil…
removing them from bad homes and placi…
The child savers tried to prevent delinquency by what?
Juvenile Delinquency Chapter Five
Labeling Theory
Social Conflict Theory
Symbolic Interactions
Status Symbol
Society creates deviance through a system of social control a…
A belief that society is in a state of constant internal conf…
A belief that people communicate with symbols-gestures, signs…
A possession, rank or activity by which one's social or econo…
Labeling Theory
Society creates deviance through a system of social control a…
Social Conflict Theory
A belief that society is in a state of constant internal conf…
28 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Social construction
actus reus
John Calvin
Depraved child
imbues an event, behavior or phenomenon with meaning
criminal act
Depraved child
utilization of punishment (NO tabula rasa)
Social construction
imbues an event, behavior or phenomenon with meaning
actus reus
criminal act
33 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Juveniles
At risk youth
Juvenile Offenders
Status Offense
youth at or below the upper age of juvenile court jurisdictio…
youth who are more likely to commit crimes
a person below a specific age (18 in most countries) who has…
an action that is prohibited only to a certain class of peopl…
Juveniles
youth at or below the upper age of juvenile court jurisdictio…
At risk youth
youth who are more likely to commit crimes
22 terms
Juvenile delinquency
deliquent
juvenile
Burden
עבריין
קטין
מעמסה
deliquent
עבריין
juvenile
קטין
Juvenile Delinquency
Ego Identity
Role diffusion
at-risk youths
Juvenile Delinquency
Formed when persons develop a firm sense of who they are and…
Occurs when youths spread themselves to thin, experience pers…
Young people who are extremely vulnerable to the negative con…
Participation in illegal behavior by a minor who falls under…
Ego Identity
Formed when persons develop a firm sense of who they are and…
Role diffusion
Occurs when youths spread themselves to thin, experience pers…
48 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Theory
Demonology
Parens Patriae
Term Basis
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
Government designed to have this role as parents to juveniles
When a kid is taken into custody and they are sent to the det…
Theory
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
Demonology
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
Juvenile Delinquency
criminal delinquency
Offender or criminal
Status delinquency
Status
Delineation of activity that is illegal regardless of the age…
Adult term for delinquent
Behavior not classified as criminal but still accounted for,…
What type of crime/delinquency is only illegal for a juvenile?
criminal delinquency
Delineation of activity that is illegal regardless of the age…
Offender or criminal
Adult term for delinquent
104 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
What 3 institutions make up the CJ Sys…
Crime is a(n) ______________ phenomeno…
social "facts"
Durkheim's "Le Suicide"
1) Police... 2) Juvenile Courts... 3) Juvenile Corrections
social... individual
elements of society that existed in their own objective reality
- theorized suicide is an act of social deviance... - people com…
What 3 institutions make up the CJ Sys…
1) Police... 2) Juvenile Courts... 3) Juvenile Corrections
Crime is a(n) ______________ phenomeno…
social... individual
48 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Theory
Demonology
Parens Patriae
Term Basis
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
Government designed to have this role as parents to juveniles
When a kid is taken into custody and they are sent to the det…
Theory
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
Demonology
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
38 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Status offenses
Normative conception of delinquency
Folkways
Mores
Acts that are considered problematic because of the age of th…
A conception that assumes that there is a general set of norm…
Everyday norms that do not generate much uproar if they are v…
"Moral" norms that may generate more outrage if broken
Status offenses
Acts that are considered problematic because of the age of th…
Normative conception of delinquency
A conception that assumes that there is a general set of norm…
5 terms
juvenile delinquency
juvenile officers
law enforcement role
crime prevention role
legal factors
...
requires that police should concentrate on arresting juvenile…
police officers to act as social workers and even surrogate p…
help determine how the police handle juvenile offenders, SERI…
juvenile officers
...
law enforcement role
requires that police should concentrate on arresting juvenile…
14 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Age of Criminal Responsibility in Aus
What makes juveniles different?
Juveniles and rehabilitation
Bio-social-psyco, three factors
10 years
lack of maturity, take more risks, susceptible to peer influe…
Have a unique capacity to be rehabilitated
1. what they are born with (pre natal variables)... 2. What they…
Age of Criminal Responsibility in Aus
10 years
What makes juveniles different?
lack of maturity, take more risks, susceptible to peer influe…
92 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
What is adolescence?
What is a key sign of adolescence?
What is a characteristic of an adolesc…
What are the 5 adolescent domains?
Transitional time-period of a child's development, roughly ar…
Impulsive behavior (frontal cortex, which allows consideratio…
It has plasticity, which means it is easily shaped/molded.
Cognitive, Identity, Moral Development, Bio-physiological, Co…
What is adolescence?
Transitional time-period of a child's development, roughly ar…
What is a key sign of adolescence?
Impulsive behavior (frontal cortex, which allows consideratio…
35 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
what theories hold that delinquency is…
what theories view delinquency as the…
what theory Consider delinquent behavi…
what sociologist describes "Culture Po…
structure
process
Social Structure theory
Sociologist Oscar Lewis
what theories hold that delinquency is…
structure
what theories view delinquency as the…
process
27 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Age-class (Christie)
Infantilization
Social Dynamite/Social Junk (Spitzer)
Master Status
Invented by Nils Christie. He believed that age wasn't just a…
It means to condemn someone as if they were still a young chi…
The youth are seen as social dynamite, and the elderly are se…
The primary way of how a child can be labeled, surpassing any…
Age-class (Christie)
Invented by Nils Christie. He believed that age wasn't just a…
Infantilization
It means to condemn someone as if they were still a young chi…
73 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Mental Model
Juvenile Delinquency
Status Offenders
Bootstrapping
Conscious or unconscious beliefs, assumptions and models we h…
Behavior that violates the criminal code & is committed by yo…
Those who engage in activities that could only be committed b…
Juvenile court classifies a status offender as delinquent aft…
Mental Model
Conscious or unconscious beliefs, assumptions and models we h…
Juvenile Delinquency
Behavior that violates the criminal code & is committed by yo…
32 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Ego Identity
Juvenile delinquency
Office Of Juvenile Justice and Delinqu…
Role diffusion
Image we have of ourselves in the many types of social roles…
a violation of law or the commission of a status offense by y…
partner of state and local governments to improve the juvenil…
an identity status in which the person decides on a definite…
Ego Identity
Image we have of ourselves in the many types of social roles…
Juvenile delinquency
a violation of law or the commission of a status offense by y…
16 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
status offenses
Juvenile delinquent
deinstitutionalization
Parens Patriae
Acts committed by juveniles that would bring the juveniles to…
Children or youth, under a specified age who have violated cr…
Legislation recommending alternatives to incarceration includ…
The state overseeing the welfare of youth. England 12th century
status offenses
Acts committed by juveniles that would bring the juveniles to…
Juvenile delinquent
Children or youth, under a specified age who have violated cr…
34 terms
Juvenile delinquency
Gang, Thrasher, 1927
Gangs, klein, 1967
Gangs 60's and 70's
Drugs in gangs
Weak family controls, poverty, social disorganization
Satisfy personal needs(emotional turmoil)
1960s was more protection of turf. 1970s gangs developed into…
The drug trade lead to the development of supergangs
Gang, Thrasher, 1927
Weak family controls, poverty, social disorganization
Gangs, klein, 1967
Satisfy personal needs(emotional turmoil)
46 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
What is juvenile delinquency
Juvenile Court did not appear until __…
Status offenses include _____
The segment of the justice system incl…
refers to violations of the criminal law by a minor; anyone u…
1899 ; 1945
Running away from home, truancy, not obeying parents, underag…
Juvenile Justice system
What is juvenile delinquency
refers to violations of the criminal law by a minor; anyone u…
Juvenile Court did not appear until __…
1899 ; 1945
48 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Theory
Demonology
Parens Patriae
Term Basis
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
Government designed to have this role as parents to juveniles
When a kid is taken into custody and they are sent to the det…
Theory
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
Demonology
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
45 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Juvenile Punishment
Delinquency
Person (Delinquency)
Property (Delinquency)
Foster care, juvenile corrections, probation, counseling
crime committed by an individual/juvenile who has not yet rea…
simple, aggravated assault... robbery, rape, homicide
trespassing, vandalism, motor vehicle theft, arson, larceny-t…
Juvenile Punishment
Foster care, juvenile corrections, probation, counseling
Delinquency
crime committed by an individual/juvenile who has not yet rea…
11 terms
Juvenile delinquency
Social structure
Cultural values
Social disorganization
Anomie strain
The way society is set up. Gender, race, class. Important fac…
Poverty lifestyle ... Deviant structure ... Gangs&violence
Mapping delinquency ... Gentrification v hyperghetto
Lower class: are not always easy as upper class... Can't obtain…
Social structure
The way society is set up. Gender, race, class. Important fac…
Cultural values
Poverty lifestyle ... Deviant structure ... Gangs&violence
36 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
arrest
probable cause
search and seziure
custodial interigation
taking a person into custody of the law to restrain the accus…
reasonable grounds to believe that an offense was committed a…
US constitution protects citizens from any search and seizure…
questions posed by police to a suspect held in coustiody in t…
arrest
taking a person into custody of the law to restrain the accus…
probable cause
reasonable grounds to believe that an offense was committed a…
38 terms
juvenile delinquency
classical theory or free will approach
rational choice theory
routines activity theory
deterrence theory
people choose to commit crimes after weighing the benefits an…
Gary Becker; delinquents weigh the costs and rewards and if t…
lifestyle determines whether or not you will commit criminal…
if punishment is swift, certain, and severe, it is unlikely w…
classical theory or free will approach
people choose to commit crimes after weighing the benefits an…
rational choice theory
Gary Becker; delinquents weigh the costs and rewards and if t…
48 terms
juvenile delinquency
account for
adjustment
aloof
assign
нести ответственность
приспособление, регулировка
отчужденный
присваивать, назначать
account for
нести ответственность
adjustment
приспособление, регулировка
53 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Honor Killing
Masculinity Hypothesis
Gender-Schema Theory
Gender Similarities Hypothesis
violence against women and girls that is provoked by the beli…
view that women who commit crimes have biological and psychol…
a theory of development that holds that children internalize…
the belief that gender differences in personality, cognition,…
Honor Killing
violence against women and girls that is provoked by the beli…
Masculinity Hypothesis
view that women who commit crimes have biological and psychol…
22 terms
JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
magnify vs diminish
commits an offence
Mesopotamian
Disorderly conduct
تكبير وتصغير
يرتكب جريمة
بلاد ما بين النهرين
السلوك غير المنضبط
magnify vs diminish
تكبير وتصغير
commits an offence
يرتكب جريمة
10 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Political corruption
fiduciary
fiduciary fraud
insider thrift frauds
considered corrupt when it deviates from the formal duties of…
legally and ethically obligated to act in a way that benefits…
illegal practices commited by financial institutes and financ…
deperation dealing, collective embezzlement, covering up
Political corruption
considered corrupt when it deviates from the formal duties of…
fiduciary
legally and ethically obligated to act in a way that benefits…
47 terms
JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
MASCULINITY HYPOTHESIS
DELINQUENCY RATE LOWER? GROWING FASTER?
GENDER SCHEMA THEORY
CHIVALRY HYPOTHESIS
VIEW THAT WOMEN WHO COMMIT CRIMES HAVE BIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOL…
MALES IS HIGHER, FEMALES FASTER PACE
CHILDREN INTERNALIZE GENDER SCRIPTS REFLECTING THE GENDER REL…
LOW FEMALE CRIME AND DELINQUENCY RATES ARE A REFLECTION OF LE…
MASCULINITY HYPOTHESIS
VIEW THAT WOMEN WHO COMMIT CRIMES HAVE BIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOL…
DELINQUENCY RATE LOWER? GROWING FASTER?
MALES IS HIGHER, FEMALES FASTER PACE
84 terms
juvenile delinquency
preventive detention
day-evening center
secure detention
nonsecure detention
detention to prevent further delinquency while awaiting court…
a detention alternative in which a center was formed to devot…
placement of a youth in a locked facility with other youths w…
the placement of a delinquent youth in a small group home tha…
preventive detention
detention to prevent further delinquency while awaiting court…
day-evening center
a detention alternative in which a center was formed to devot…
56 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Theory
Demonology
Parens Patriae
Term Basis
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
Government designed to have this role as parents to juveniles
When a kid is taken into custody and they are sent to the det…
Theory
General statement collected overtime used to EXPLAIN
Demonology
ppl act out because there is a demon in them
66 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Auguste Comte
Cesare Beccaria
Jeremy Bentham
Rational-Choice Theory (neo-classical)
3 Stages of thinking about society and crime:... 1.Theological s…
founded the classical school of criminology;concepts include:…
Pleasure/pain principle; panopticon
1970's-present
Auguste Comte
3 Stages of thinking about society and crime:... 1.Theological s…
Cesare Beccaria
founded the classical school of criminology;concepts include:…
5 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
.. is the primary form of correctional…
.. in the juvenile justice system is t…
.. is a non-secure residence that prov…
a policy known as ... mandates that a…
probation
aftercare
group home
least restrictive alternative
.. is the primary form of correctional…
probation
.. in the juvenile justice system is t…
aftercare
11 terms
juvenile delinquency
Reiss & Nye
Reckless' Containment Theory
Sykes & Matza Techniques of Neutraliza…
Hirschi's Social Bonding Theory
internal and external control... internal: morals... external: law/…
inner/outer pushes/pulls will produce delinquency unless they…
-justifications/excuses for delinquent acts... 1. denial of resp…
-attachment (close ties w others)... -commitment (level of inves…
Reiss & Nye
internal and external control... internal: morals... external: law/…
Reckless' Containment Theory
inner/outer pushes/pulls will produce delinquency unless they…
19 terms
juvenile delinquency
primary goal
DP rights of children
4th amendment juvenile differences
jurisdiction
rehab of delinquent acts of children
proof BRD... attorney... cross... protection from self-incrimination... D…
confession admissibility: TOC... public school official search:…
circuit court: exclusive original jurisdiction if... a. under 18…
primary goal
rehab of delinquent acts of children
DP rights of children
proof BRD... attorney... cross... protection from self-incrimination... D…
10 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
Intake
Plea Bargaining
Extralegal Factors
Legal Factors
Critical phase in which a determination is made by a juvenile…
Preconvention agreement between the defendant and the state w…
Characteristics influencing intake decisions, such as juvenil…
Variables influencing the intake decisions relating to the fa…
Intake
Critical phase in which a determination is made by a juvenile…
Plea Bargaining
Preconvention agreement between the defendant and the state w…
34 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
stages in the development of modern ad…
youth culture components
age of adolescent
positive youth development
end of child labor, training/socialization, compulsory public…
beliefs, symbols, behaviors
12-18
resilience, opportunities, relationships, social opportunities
stages in the development of modern ad…
end of child labor, training/socialization, compulsory public…
youth culture components
beliefs, symbols, behaviors
25 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
religion was found to decrease this ty…
he developed social learning
school experiences were found to have…
control theory ask this question in re…
victimless
akers
moderate positive effect
why don't people commit crime
religion was found to decrease this ty…
victimless
he developed social learning
akers
30 terms
juvenile delinquency
Freud:
Abnormal Behavioral Psychologists
Adolescent Identity Crisis:
Structural-functional paradigm
ID, Ego, Superego
focus on more quantitative methods such as IQ tests and perso…
Teens will try on "different selves: in these gaps including…
society as a complex system whose parts work together to prom…
Freud:
ID, Ego, Superego
Abnormal Behavioral Psychologists
focus on more quantitative methods such as IQ tests and perso…
Juvenile Delinquency
Describe the effect of a broken home o…
Describe the role that effective paren…
Describe the Parenting Project
Define Child Abuse
A child is first socialized at home, and any disjunction in t…
Delinquency can be reduced if both or at least one parent pro…
This project is dedicated to addressing our nation's crises o…
Any physical, emotional, or sexual trauma to a child, includi…
Describe the effect of a broken home o…
A child is first socialized at home, and any disjunction in t…
Describe the role that effective paren…
Delinquency can be reduced if both or at least one parent pro…
Juvenile Delinquency Chapter One
ego identity
role diffusion
at-risk youth
juvenile delinquency
This is formed when youths develop a full sense of self, comb…
This occurs when people spread themselves too thin, experienc…
Young people that are extremely vulnerable to the negative co…
Participation in illegal behavior by a minor who falls under…
ego identity
This is formed when youths develop a full sense of self, comb…
role diffusion
This occurs when people spread themselves too thin, experienc…
54 terms
Juvenile Delinquency
humans are limited (in abilities to un…
3 primary methods of data collection
official statistics
uniform crime reports
underlying theme of this class
official statistics, self-report data, victim data
-statistics gathered from official criminal justice sources/…
-most widely used version of official statistics ... -they are s…
humans are limited (in abilities to un…
underlying theme of this class
3 primary methods of data collection
official statistics, self-report data, victim data
31 terms
juvenile delinquency
What is Juvenile Delinquency?
adolescence
juvenile
child savers
legal: an act that would be a crime if committed by an adult…
period between childhood and adulthood
any person under the 'legal age of majority'(usually 18)
middle class women who promoted proper behavior and reinforce…
What is Juvenile Delinquency?
legal: an act that would be a crime if committed by an adult…
adolescence
period between childhood and adulthood
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