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Study sets matching "kapitel 1 chemistry chemical"

Chemistry 1: Chemical Reactions
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Temperature Change
Color Change
Molecules are still the same ones.
Break down of molecules yields a new substance.
Change in temperature could be warmer or colder.
Change in color in an item indecates a chemical change has oc…
Physical Change
Molecules are still the same ones.
Chemical Change
Break down of molecules yields a new substance.
40 terms
Chemistry 1: Chemical Quantities
How do we measure mass?
How do we measure volume?
How do we measure counted pieces?
big number, very large molecule, all a…
grams
liters
count atoms, mole
mole
How do we measure mass?
grams
How do we measure volume?
liters
24 terms
Chemistry 1 Chemical Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Carbon
Nitrogen
H
He
C
N
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
6 terms
Science 1 Chemistry of Life - Chemical Reactions
Chemical Reaction
Bond Energy
Equilibrium
Activation Energy
Process used in plant and animal cells to break down sugars t…
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
The point at which the demand for a product or service is equ…
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
Chemical Reaction
Process used in plant and animal cells to break down sugars t…
Bond Energy
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
5 terms
Chemistry 1 Chemical Quantities
Mole
Molar Mass
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
The amount of any substance containing the same number of par…
The mass in grams of 1 mole of any substance or compound.
Simplest representation of atoms in a molecule or... formula uni…
Represents complete molecule or formula unit of a compound.
Mole
The amount of any substance containing the same number of par…
Molar Mass
The mass in grams of 1 mole of any substance or compound.
26 terms
Chemistry: Chemical Bonding 1
Ionic bonding
Covalent bonding
Metallic bonding
Octet rule
Transfer of electrons with a metal and a nonmetal.
Sharing of electrons with nonmetal and nonmetal.
Electron pooling with metal and metal.
This rule states that when atoms bond, they lose/gain/share e…
Ionic bonding
Transfer of electrons with a metal and a nonmetal.
Covalent bonding
Sharing of electrons with nonmetal and nonmetal.
14 terms
GHS Chemistry: Unit 1- Chemical Calculations Quiz
Density =
% Error Equation
Density Triangle
Metric Prefix Conversions
Mass (g) / Volume (mL or L)
Needs to be < 2%
Kile-Had-Dirrehea-BASE-During-Coles-Midterm
Density =
Mass (g) / Volume (mL or L)
% Error Equation
Needs to be < 2%
14 terms
Chemistry 1 - Chemical Analysis
molar mass M [g/mol]=
mass m [g]=
Moles n [mol]=
# of molecules =
m/n... or... Add #of mass from periodic table
M x n... or... c x v x M
m/M... or... #of molecules/Avogadro's number... or... c x v ... or... # of atom…
n x Avogadro's number... or... #of atoms/#of atoms in a molecule
molar mass M [g/mol]=
m/n... or... Add #of mass from periodic table
mass m [g]=
M x n... or... c x v x M
14 terms
IGCSE Chemistry Section 1: Chemical formulae and chemical reactions
copper sulphate
magnesium chloride
sodium hydroxide
barium sulphate
CuSO₄
MgCl₂
NaOH
BaSO₄
copper sulphate
CuSO₄
magnesium chloride
MgCl₂
55 terms
Chapter 1: Chemistry and Chemicals
Celsius (C) temperature scale
centimeter (cm)
chemical
chemistry
a temperature scale on which water has a freezing point of 0…
a unit of length in the metric system; there are 2.54 cm in 1…
a substance that has the same composition and properties wher…
the science that studies the composition, structure, properti…
Celsius (C) temperature scale
a temperature scale on which water has a freezing point of 0…
centimeter (cm)
a unit of length in the metric system; there are 2.54 cm in 1…
63 terms
Chemistry Chemicals 1-3
Rubidium
Cesium
Strontium
Barium
Rb
Cs
Sr
Ba
Rubidium
Rb
Cesium
Cs
32 terms
DAT Chemistry 1- Chemical Bonding
intramolecular bonds
intermolecular bonds
octet rule
Hydrogen ( exception to octet rule)
the attractive forces that make up bonds between atoms
the attractive forces between molecules ( nonbonding forces)
want 8 electrons in the outermost shell
2 e-s
intramolecular bonds
the attractive forces that make up bonds between atoms
intermolecular bonds
the attractive forces between molecules ( nonbonding forces)
76 terms
Chemistry Module 1: The Chemical Earth
Homogeneous
Heterogeneous
Impure substance
Mixture
Uniform composition throughout (sugar, water)
Non-uniform composition where we can recognise small pieces o…
One substance contaminated with small amounts of one or more…
Combination of two or more pure substances that can be divide…
Homogeneous
Uniform composition throughout (sugar, water)
Heterogeneous
Non-uniform composition where we can recognise small pieces o…
33 terms
Chemistry - Sem 1 Chemical Formulae
Potassium Hydroxide
ammonium sulphate
lithium nitrate
Magnesium chloride
KOH
(NH4)2 SO4
LiNO3
MgCl2
Potassium Hydroxide
KOH
ammonium sulphate
(NH4)2 SO4
23 terms
Level 1 Chemistry Chemical Reactions
Metal Carbonate ->
Metal Hydrogen Carbonate ->
Metal Hydroxide ->
Hydrogen peroxide catalytic decomposit…
Metal Oxide + CO2
Metal Oxide + CO2 + H2O
Metal Oxide + H2O
MnO2 - Manganese Dioxide
Metal Carbonate ->
Metal Oxide + CO2
Metal Hydrogen Carbonate ->
Metal Oxide + CO2 + H2O
21 terms
iGCSE Chemistry: 1 e) Chemical formulae and chemical equations
1.21 ... balancing equations
how to balance equations
example
1.22... what are the state symbols for a:…
you must always have the same number of atoms of each element…
>work across the equation >from left to right ... >if there is a…
Writing balanced chemical equations... There has to be the sam…
(s)- eg : zinc... (l)- eg: water ... (g)- eg: carbon monoxide... (aq)-…
1.21 ... balancing equations
you must always have the same number of atoms of each element…
how to balance equations
>work across the equation >from left to right ... >if there is a…
56 terms
Chemistry {U1- Chemical Elements}
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
42 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 1 (Chemical Bonding and Chemical Structure)
Organic chemistry
Valence shell
Valence electrons
# of valence electrons in neutral atoms
the branch of science that deals with compounds of carbon
outermost shell of electrons
electrons in the valence shell
group #
Organic chemistry
the branch of science that deals with compounds of carbon
Valence shell
outermost shell of electrons
40 terms
Chemistry 1 Honors Chemical Symbols
Aluminum
Arsenic
Boron
Barium
Al
As
B
Ba
Aluminum
Al
Arsenic
As
7 terms
iGCSE Chemistry: 1 e) Chemical formulae and chemical equations
Balance the following equation: WO₃ +…
Balance the equation for the reaction:…
What do each of the following state sy…
Tungsten has the chemical symbol W. Su…
WO₃ + 3H₂ -> W + 3H₂O
4 HCl(aq) + MnO₂(s) -> MnCl₂(aq) + 2H₂O(l) + Cl₂(g)
(s) - solid. (l) - liquid. (g) - gas. (aq) - aqueous (in solu…
tungsten oxide
Balance the following equation: WO₃ +…
WO₃ + 3H₂ -> W + 3H₂O
Balance the equation for the reaction:…
4 HCl(aq) + MnO₂(s) -> MnCl₂(aq) + 2H₂O(l) + Cl₂(g)
53 terms
Chemistry Unit 1 Chemical Foundations
Chemistry
Pharmacist, chemical engineer, doctor,…
To understand the connection between t…
Macro
The study of the materials of the universe and the changes th…
Occupations that use chemistry
What is the main challenge of chemistry?
This prefix means large.
Chemistry
The study of the materials of the universe and the changes th…
Pharmacist, chemical engineer, doctor,…
Occupations that use chemistry
8 terms
Honors Chemistry: chemical bonding 1
ionic compound
formula unit
molecular compound
molecule
a compound formed by the combination of positive and negative…
smallest electrically neutral collection of positive and nega…
a chemical compound whose simplest units are molecules: a col…
a neutral group of atoms held together by covalent bonds, whi…
ionic compound
a compound formed by the combination of positive and negative…
formula unit
smallest electrically neutral collection of positive and nega…
38 terms
Chemistry. C1. Chemical calculations
Reactants
Products
What are 4 states?
Ide
What the starting substances of a reaction are
What is produced from a reaction
Solid, liquid, gas ams aqueous
No oxygen
Reactants
What the starting substances of a reaction are
Products
What is produced from a reaction
7 terms
Chemistry 20-1 Chemical Reactions
Hydrocarbon Combustion
Simple Composition
Simple Decomposition
Single Replacement
C? H? + O2(g) ---> CO2(g) + H2o(g)
Element + Element ---> Compound
Compound ---> Element + Element
Element + Compound ---> Element + Compound
Hydrocarbon Combustion
C? H? + O2(g) ---> CO2(g) + H2o(g)
Simple Composition
Element + Element ---> Compound
7 terms
iGCSE Chemistry: 1 e) Chemical formulae and chemical equations
Balance the following equation: WO₃ +…
Balance the equation for the reaction:…
What do each of the following state sy…
Tungsten has the chemical symbol W. Su…
WO₃ + 3H₂ -> W + 3H₂O
4 HCl(aq) + MnO₂(s) -> MnCl₂(aq) + 2H₂O(l) + Cl₂(g)
(s) - solid. (l) - liquid. (g) - gas. (aq) - aqueous (in solu…
tungsten oxide
Balance the following equation: WO₃ +…
WO₃ + 3H₂ -> W + 3H₂O
Balance the equation for the reaction:…
4 HCl(aq) + MnO₂(s) -> MnCl₂(aq) + 2H₂O(l) + Cl₂(g)
20 terms
Chemistry Ch. 1 - Chemical Foundations
A quantitive measurement/observation c…
Example of a quantitive measurement
Measurement for maas
Measurement for length
Number and a unit
3.05 grams
Kilograms(kg)
Meters(m)
A quantitive measurement/observation c…
Number and a unit
Example of a quantitive measurement
3.05 grams
17 terms
Chemistry Ch. 1 Chemical Bonds
chemical bond
chemical formula
compound
covalent bond
force that holds two atoms together.
combination of chemical symbols and numbers that indicates wh…
pure substance that contains two or more elements.
chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons.
chemical bond
force that holds two atoms together.
chemical formula
combination of chemical symbols and numbers that indicates wh…
10 terms
Chemistry Chemical Symbols Week 1
aluminum
chlorine
nitrogen
silver
Al
Cl
N
Ag
aluminum
Al
chlorine
Cl
28 terms
Chemistry unit 1: chemical reactions
A material that's made up of one kind…
A tiny invisible particle that makes u…
A substance made of two or more elemen…
Two
What is an Element?
What is an atom?
What is a compound?
How many elements are there in compounds ending with -ide
A material that's made up of one kind…
What is an Element?
A tiny invisible particle that makes u…
What is an atom?
32 terms
Physical Vs. Chemical Properties (Chemistry 1.1)
Cold/Hot
Can be seen or used without changing t…
Density
Magnetic Properties
Physical Property
Physical Property
Physical Property
Physical Property
Cold/Hot
Physical Property
Can be seen or used without changing t…
Physical Property
40 terms
Chemistry 1 Honors Chemical Symbols
Al
As
B
Ba
Aluminum
Arsenic
Boron
Barium
Al
Aluminum
As
Arsenic
27 terms
Chemical Principles 1: Chemistry 110
Matter
Mass
Substance
Atoms
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Amount of matter in an object
Form of matter that has a definite composition and distinct p…
Building blocks of matter
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Mass
Amount of matter in an object
84 terms
AP Chemistry Chapters 1-3 Chemical Foundations
theory
natural law
law of conservation of mass
law
aka model... a set of tested hypotheses that give an overall exp…
observed general behavior
LAVOISIER... total mass not affected by chemical change... mass is…
summarizes what happens
theory
aka model... a set of tested hypotheses that give an overall exp…
natural law
observed general behavior
9 terms
Chemistry chapter 1- Chemical foundations
Pure substance
Mixture
Homogeneous mixture
Heterogeneous mixture
has constant composition. The elements
can be homogeneous or heterogeneous
is a solution
can be separated into two or more homogenous mixtures or pure…
Pure substance
has constant composition. The elements
Mixture
can be homogeneous or heterogeneous
9 terms
Chemistry: Chemical Formulas 7.1
Chemical formulas
Symbol
Chemical formula
It has two purposes:
They are the "shorthand" that chemists use to describe compou…
It is part of an element that is an abbreviation for the name…
It is a type of notation made with numbers and chemical symbo…
1) To indicate the composition of a compound... 2) To indicate…
Chemical formulas
They are the "shorthand" that chemists use to describe compou…
Symbol
It is part of an element that is an abbreviation for the name…
58 terms
Chemical Elements & Symbols Honors Chemistry 1
H
He
Li
Be
hydrogen
helium
lithium
beryllium
H
hydrogen
He
helium
Chemistry (Chemical Reactions) Part 1
chemical properties
chemical change
chemical reaction
formation of a new substance and chang…
a substance changes into another substance; wen elements re c…
a __________________________ occurs when bonds form between a…
a process that produces a chemical change is a ______________…
chemical reactions involve 2 main observable changes called?
chemical properties
a substance changes into another substance; wen elements re c…
chemical change
a __________________________ occurs when bonds form between a…
28 terms
Chemistry 1 Chapter 10 Chemical Measurements
unit of counting many items
6.03x10²³ particles, atoms, formula un…
Carbon-12
6.02x10²³
mole concept
1 mole = what
what is a mole based on
Avogadro's number is
unit of counting many items
mole concept
6.03x10²³ particles, atoms, formula un…
1 mole = what
19 terms
Chemistry-Chapter 1 chemical foundations
John Dalton
Dalton's atomic theory
Cannonball model
JJ Thomson
English chemist that proposed the cannon ball model of the atom
1. An element is made of tiny, indivisible, indestructible at…
Proposed by Dalton that says atoms are indestructible spheres
English physicist that discovered electrons with cathode ray…
John Dalton
English chemist that proposed the cannon ball model of the atom
Dalton's atomic theory
1. An element is made of tiny, indivisible, indestructible at…
Chemistry Chapter 1 / The Chemical World
Chemistry
Scientific Method
Observations
Laws
The science that seeks to understand what matter does by st…
A way of learning that emphasizes observation and experimenta…
Involve measuring or observing some aspect of nature.
Summarize the results of a large number of observations.
Chemistry
The science that seeks to understand what matter does by st…
Scientific Method
A way of learning that emphasizes observation and experimenta…
9 terms
Chemistry Chap. 2, Sec. 1, "Observing Chemical Change"
Matter
Chemistry
Physical property
Chemical property
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The study of matter and how matter changes.
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed without…
A characteristic of a substance that describes its ability to…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes.
Chemistry part 1 Chemical Bonds
Chemical Bonds
Types of Chemical Bonds
Covalent Bond
Polar Covalent Bond
A mutual electric Attraction Between the Nuclei and valence e…
Covalent... -Polar... -Non Polar... Ionic Bonds... Metallic Bonds... Inter m…
A chemical bond formed when nonmetal atoms share valence elec…
A covalent bond in which the bonded atoms have an unequal att…
Chemical Bonds
A mutual electric Attraction Between the Nuclei and valence e…
Types of Chemical Bonds
Covalent... -Polar... -Non Polar... Ionic Bonds... Metallic Bonds... Inter m…
25 terms
Chemical symbols part 1 : Chemistry
Aluminum
Antimony
Argon
Arsenic
Al
Sb
Ar
As
Aluminum
Al
Antimony
Sb
45 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations
matter
atoms
molecule
chemistry
composed of tiny particles (atoms)
smallest part of an element that is still that element
2 or more atoms joined and acting as a unit
the study of material at the atomic/molecular level
matter
composed of tiny particles (atoms)
atoms
smallest part of an element that is still that element
11 terms
Chemical Chemistry - Lab Pro 1
Liver Tests-... Damaged hepatocytes
Liver Tests-... Cholestasis
Liver Tests-... Hepatocyte Function
Protein Tests-... Whole Body
Alanine Transaminase - ALT... Aspartate Transaminase- AST... Sorbit…
Alkaline Phosphate- ALKP (or AP)... Gamma Glutamyltransferase- GGT
Bilirubin- BILI... Bile Acids- BA... Cholestrol- CHOL
Total Protein-TP... Albumin- ALB... Globulin- GLOB... Fibrinogen-Fibr
Liver Tests-... Damaged hepatocytes
Alanine Transaminase - ALT... Aspartate Transaminase- AST... Sorbit…
Liver Tests-... Cholestasis
Alkaline Phosphate- ALKP (or AP)... Gamma Glutamyltransferase- GGT
179 terms
Higher Chemistry Unit 1 - Chemical changes and structure
If a gas is less dense than air it is…
Gases less dense than air:
If a gas is denser than air, it is oft…
Gases more dense than air:
Gas jar or test tube by upward delivery. Gas rises and takes…
Hydrogen and ammonia
Collect it in a gas jar or test tub by downward delivery. Gas…
C02 or chlorine
If a gas is less dense than air it is…
Gas jar or test tube by upward delivery. Gas rises and takes…
Gases less dense than air:
Hydrogen and ammonia
40 terms
Chemistry-Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations
What are some examples that are part o…
What are some examples that are part o…
What are the 3 steps in the scientific…
What is the procedure of the scientifi…
Cars, tables, baseballs, rocks, oceans
Atoms and molecules
1. Making observations (collecting data)... 2. Suggesting a poss…
A plan of action for processing and understanding certain typ…
What are some examples that are part o…
Cars, tables, baseballs, rocks, oceans
What are some examples that are part o…
Atoms and molecules
17 terms
2.1 Chemical Basis of Life - Basic Chemistry Vocab
Adhesion
Atom
Catalyst
Cohesion
Intermolecular attraction between unlike molecules
The smallest unit of an element that retains the chemical and…
A substance that enables a chemical reaction to proceed at a…
The intermolecular attraction between like molecules. Surface…
Adhesion
Intermolecular attraction between unlike molecules
Atom
The smallest unit of an element that retains the chemical and…
57 terms
Chemistry- C1. Chemical bonding
What is an ionic bond?
How is it formed?
Cations
Anion
The transfer of electrons between a metal and a non metal
It is formed by the complete transfer of one or more electron…
Formed by the transfer of electrons leaving the atom. Electro…
Formed by the acceptance of electrons. Electrons being gained…
What is an ionic bond?
The transfer of electrons between a metal and a non metal
How is it formed?
It is formed by the complete transfer of one or more electron…
51 terms
Chemistry Q1 Exam// Chemical Foundations
Who were the first to discuss atoms an…
History of Atomic Theory
John Dalton
JJ Thomson
The Ancient Greeks
Took over 2000 years; ideas weren't always accurate; All matt…
Created 5 postulates about the atomic theory
Cathode ray tube experiment and plum pudding model
Who were the first to discuss atoms an…
The Ancient Greeks
History of Atomic Theory
Took over 2000 years; ideas weren't always accurate; All matt…
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