Study sets matching "kapitel 1 chemistry chemical"

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Study sets matching "kapitel 1 chemistry chemical"

Chemistry 1: Chemical Reactions
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Temperature Change
Color Change
Molecules are still the same ones.
Break down of molecules yields a new substance.
Change in temperature could be warmer or colder.
Change in color in an item indecates a chemical change has oc…
Physical Change
Molecules are still the same ones.
Chemical Change
Break down of molecules yields a new substance.
6 terms
Chemistry 1: chemical reactions
Single-displacement reaction (metal)
Single-displacement reaction (nonmetal)
SD- Nonmetals
Double-displacement reaction
Zinc + silver chloride➡️ silver + zinc chloride
Oxygen + barium fluoride➡️ fluorine + barium oxide
Diatomic-Nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, bromines, iodi…
*couples switch partners... Zinc sulfate + ammonium sulfide➡️ zi…
Single-displacement reaction (metal)
Zinc + silver chloride➡️ silver + zinc chloride
Single-displacement reaction (nonmetal)
Oxygen + barium fluoride➡️ fluorine + barium oxide
6 terms
Science 1 Chemistry of Life - Chemical Reactions
Chemical Reaction
Bond Energy
Equilibrium
Activation Energy
Process used in plant and animal cells to break down sugars t…
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
The point at which the demand for a product or service is equ…
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
Chemical Reaction
Process used in plant and animal cells to break down sugars t…
Bond Energy
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
24 terms
Chemistry 1 Chemical Elements
Hydrogen
Helium
Carbon
Nitrogen
H
He
C
N
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
Chemistry: Chemical Bonding 1
Ionic bonding
Covalent bonding
Metallic bonding
Octet rule
Transfer of electrons with a metal and a nonmetal.
Sharing of electrons with nonmetal and nonmetal.
Electron pooling with metal and metal.
This rule states that when atoms bond, they lose/gain/share e…
Ionic bonding
Transfer of electrons with a metal and a nonmetal.
Covalent bonding
Sharing of electrons with nonmetal and nonmetal.
14 terms
Chemistry 1 - Chemical Analysis
molar mass M [g/mol]=
mass m [g]=
Moles n [mol]=
# of molecules =
m/n... or... Add #of mass from periodic table
M x n... or... c x v x M
m/M... or... #of molecules/Avogadro's number... or... c x v ... or... # of atom…
n x Avogadro's number... or... #of atoms/#of atoms in a molecule
molar mass M [g/mol]=
m/n... or... Add #of mass from periodic table
mass m [g]=
M x n... or... c x v x M
40 terms
Chemistry 1: Chemical Quantities
How do we measure mass?
How do we measure volume?
How do we measure counted pieces?
big number, very large molecule, all a…
grams
liters
count atoms, mole
mole
How do we measure mass?
grams
How do we measure volume?
liters
14 terms
GHS Chemistry: Unit 1- Chemical Calculations Quiz
Density =
% Error Equation
Density Triangle
Metric Prefix Conversions
Mass (g) / Volume (mL or L)
Needs to be < 2%
Kile-Had-Dirrehea-BASE-During-Coles-Midterm
Density =
Mass (g) / Volume (mL or L)
% Error Equation
Needs to be < 2%
Chemistry 1 Chemical Quantities
Mole
Molar Mass
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
The amount of any substance containing the same number of par…
The mass in grams of 1 mole of any substance or compound.
Simplest representation of atoms in a molecule or... formula uni…
Represents complete molecule or formula unit of a compound.
Mole
The amount of any substance containing the same number of par…
Molar Mass
The mass in grams of 1 mole of any substance or compound.
Chemistry Chemicals 1-3
Rubidium
Cesium
Strontium
Barium
Rb
Cs
Sr
Ba
Rubidium
Rb
Cesium
Cs
32 terms
DAT Chemistry 1- Chemical Bonding
intramolecular bonds
intermolecular bonds
octet rule
Hydrogen ( exception to octet rule)
the attractive forces that make up bonds between atoms
the attractive forces between molecules ( nonbonding forces)
want 8 electrons in the outermost shell
2 e-s
intramolecular bonds
the attractive forces that make up bonds between atoms
intermolecular bonds
the attractive forces between molecules ( nonbonding forces)
Chemistry 1 Honors Chemical Symbols
Aluminum
Arsenic
Boron
Barium
Al
As
B
Ba
Aluminum
Al
Arsenic
As
Chemistry Chapter 4.1 Chemical Bonds
valence electron
binary ionic bonds:
anions
cations
outer most ones that are involved in chemical bonds
have combinations or cations (from metallic elements) and ani…
formed from non-metals
from metallic elements
valence electron
outer most ones that are involved in chemical bonds
binary ionic bonds:
have combinations or cations (from metallic elements) and ani…
14 terms
IGCSE Chemistry Section 1: Chemical formulae and chemical reactions
copper sulphate
magnesium chloride
sodium hydroxide
barium sulphate
CuSO₄
MgCl₂
NaOH
BaSO₄
copper sulphate
CuSO₄
magnesium chloride
MgCl₂
55 terms
Chapter 1: Chemistry and Chemicals
Celsius (C) temperature scale
centimeter (cm)
chemical
chemistry
a temperature scale on which water has a freezing point of 0…
a unit of length in the metric system; there are 2.54 cm in 1…
a substance that has the same composition and properties wher…
the science that studies the composition, structure, properti…
Celsius (C) temperature scale
a temperature scale on which water has a freezing point of 0…
centimeter (cm)
a unit of length in the metric system; there are 2.54 cm in 1…
chemistry chemicals (test 1)
matter
mass
substance
atom
anything that has mass and takes up space
amount of matter
a particular kind of matter that has a uniform definite compo…
smallest unit of an element
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
amount of matter
Chemistry: Unit 1: Chemical Measurement
Definition of Chemistry
Matter VS. Energy
Composition
Structure
The study of composition, structure, and properties of matter…
matter: anything that has mass and takes up space... energy: the…
what a sample of matter is made of and how much of each compo…
how those components of matter are arranged relative to each…
Definition of Chemistry
The study of composition, structure, and properties of matter…
Matter VS. Energy
matter: anything that has mass and takes up space... energy: the…
8 terms
Honors Chemistry: chemical bonding 1
ionic compound
formula unit
molecular compound
molecule
a compound formed by the combination of positive and negative…
smallest electrically neutral collection of positive and nega…
a chemical compound whose simplest units are molecules: a col…
a neutral group of atoms held together by covalent bonds, whi…
ionic compound
a compound formed by the combination of positive and negative…
formula unit
smallest electrically neutral collection of positive and nega…
Chemistry 20-1 Chemical Reactions
Hydrocarbon Combustion
Simple Composition
Simple Decomposition
Single Replacement
C? H? + O2(g) ---> CO2(g) + H2o(g)
Element + Element ---> Compound
Compound ---> Element + Element
Element + Compound ---> Element + Compound
Hydrocarbon Combustion
C? H? + O2(g) ---> CO2(g) + H2o(g)
Simple Composition
Element + Element ---> Compound
20 terms
Chemistry Ch. 1 - Chemical Foundations
A quantitive measurement/observation c…
Example of a quantitive measurement
Measurement for maas
Measurement for length
Number and a unit
3.05 grams
Kilograms(kg)
Meters(m)
A quantitive measurement/observation c…
Number and a unit
Example of a quantitive measurement
3.05 grams
10 terms
Chemistry Chemical Symbols Week 1
aluminum
chlorine
nitrogen
silver
Al
Cl
N
Ag
aluminum
Al
chlorine
Cl
17 terms
Chemistry Ch. 1 Chemical Bonds
chemical bond
chemical formula
compound
covalent bond
force that holds two atoms together.
combination of chemical symbols and numbers that indicates wh…
pure substance that contains two or more elements.
chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons.
chemical bond
force that holds two atoms together.
chemical formula
combination of chemical symbols and numbers that indicates wh…
76 terms
Chemistry Module 1: The Chemical Earth
Homogeneous
Heterogeneous
Impure substance
Mixture
Uniform composition throughout (sugar, water)
Non-uniform composition where we can recognise small pieces o…
One substance contaminated with small amounts of one or more…
Combination of two or more pure substances that can be divide…
Homogeneous
Uniform composition throughout (sugar, water)
Heterogeneous
Non-uniform composition where we can recognise small pieces o…
Chemistry: Chapter 7, Chemical Formulas #1
chemical symbol
ion
chemical formula
oxidation number
a notation using one to three letters to represent an element
an atom or molecule that has gained or lost one or more elect…
the notation using symbols and numerals to represent the comp…
the apparent charge on an atom if the electrons in a compound…
chemical symbol
a notation using one to three letters to represent an element
ion
an atom or molecule that has gained or lost one or more elect…
40 terms
Chemistry 1 Honors Chemical Symbols
Al
As
B
Ba
Aluminum
Arsenic
Boron
Barium
Al
Aluminum
As
Arsenic
Chemistry - Sem 1 Chemical Formulae
Potassium Hydroxide
ammonium sulphate
lithium nitrate
Magnesium chloride
KOH
(NH4)2 SO4
LiNO3
MgCl2
Potassium Hydroxide
KOH
ammonium sulphate
(NH4)2 SO4
Chemical Principles 1: Chemistry 110
Matter
Mass
Substance
Atoms
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Amount of matter in an object
Form of matter that has a definite composition and distinct p…
Building blocks of matter
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Mass
Amount of matter in an object
23 terms
Level 1 Chemistry Chemical Reactions
Metal Carbonate ->
Metal Hydrogen Carbonate ->
Metal Hydroxide ->
Hydrogen peroxide catalytic decomposit…
Metal Oxide + CO2
Metal Oxide + CO2 + H2O
Metal Oxide + H2O
MnO2 - Manganese Dioxide
Metal Carbonate ->
Metal Oxide + CO2
Metal Hydrogen Carbonate ->
Metal Oxide + CO2 + H2O
Chemistry 1 - "Types of Chemical Reactions"
Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Single Displacement Reaction
Double Displacement Reaction
Two or more substances combine to form a single more complex…
A compound decomposes into two or more simpler substances. Us…
A more active element displaces a less active element in a co…
The positive and negative ions of two compounds interchange.…
Synthesis Reaction
Two or more substances combine to form a single more complex…
Decomposition Reaction
A compound decomposes into two or more simpler substances. Us…
56 terms
Chemistry {U1- Chemical Elements}
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
34 terms
The Chemical Symbols for the Elements (Chemistry 1)
Ag
Al
Ar
Au
Silver
Aluminum
Argon
Gold
Ag
Silver
Al
Aluminum
42 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 1 (Chemical Bonding and Chemical Structure)
Organic chemistry
Valence shell
Valence electrons
# of valence electrons in neutral atoms
the branch of science that deals with compounds of carbon
outermost shell of electrons
electrons in the valence shell
group #
Organic chemistry
the branch of science that deals with compounds of carbon
Valence shell
outermost shell of electrons
Chemical Elements & Symbols Honors Chemistry 1
H
He
Li
Be
hydrogen
helium
lithium
beryllium
H
hydrogen
He
helium
9 terms
Chemistry: Chemical Formulas 7.1
Chemical formulas
Symbol
Chemical formula
It has two purposes:
They are the "shorthand" that chemists use to describe compou…
It is part of an element that is an abbreviation for the name…
It is a type of notation made with numbers and chemical symbo…
1) To indicate the composition of a compound... 2) To indicate…
Chemical formulas
They are the "shorthand" that chemists use to describe compou…
Symbol
It is part of an element that is an abbreviation for the name…
19 terms
Chemistry-Chapter 1 chemical foundations
John Dalton
Dalton's atomic theory
Cannonball model
JJ Thomson
English chemist that proposed the cannon ball model of the atom
1. An element is made of tiny, indivisible, indestructible at…
Proposed by Dalton that says atoms are indestructible spheres
English physicist that discovered electrons with cathode ray…
John Dalton
English chemist that proposed the cannon ball model of the atom
Dalton's atomic theory
1. An element is made of tiny, indivisible, indestructible at…
Chemistry Chapter 1 / The Chemical World
Chemistry
Scientific Method
Observations
Laws
The science that seeks to understand what matter does by st…
A way of learning that emphasizes observation and experimenta…
Involve measuring or observing some aspect of nature.
Summarize the results of a large number of observations.
Chemistry
The science that seeks to understand what matter does by st…
Scientific Method
A way of learning that emphasizes observation and experimenta…
Chemistry part 1 Chemical Bonds
Chemical Bonds
Types of Chemical Bonds
Covalent Bond
Polar Covalent Bond
A mutual electric Attraction Between the Nuclei and valence e…
Covalent... -Polar... -Non Polar... Ionic Bonds... Metallic Bonds... Inter m…
A chemical bond formed when nonmetal atoms share valence elec…
A covalent bond in which the bonded atoms have an unequal att…
Chemical Bonds
A mutual electric Attraction Between the Nuclei and valence e…
Types of Chemical Bonds
Covalent... -Polar... -Non Polar... Ionic Bonds... Metallic Bonds... Inter m…
25 terms
Chemical symbols part 1 : Chemistry
Aluminum
Antimony
Argon
Arsenic
Al
Sb
Ar
As
Aluminum
Al
Antimony
Sb
Chemistry Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations
matter
atoms
molecule
chemistry
composed of tiny particles (atoms)
smallest part of an element that is still that element
2 or more atoms joined and acting as a unit
the study of material at the atomic/molecular level
matter
composed of tiny particles (atoms)
atoms
smallest part of an element that is still that element
11 terms
Chemical Chemistry - Lab Pro 1
Liver Tests-... Damaged hepatocytes
Liver Tests-... Cholestasis
Liver Tests-... Hepatocyte Function
Protein Tests-... Whole Body
Alanine Transaminase - ALT... Aspartate Transaminase- AST... Sorbit…
Alkaline Phosphate- ALKP (or AP)... Gamma Glutamyltransferase- GGT
Bilirubin- BILI... Bile Acids- BA... Cholestrol- CHOL
Total Protein-TP... Albumin- ALB... Globulin- GLOB... Fibrinogen-Fibr
Liver Tests-... Damaged hepatocytes
Alanine Transaminase - ALT... Aspartate Transaminase- AST... Sorbit…
Liver Tests-... Cholestasis
Alkaline Phosphate- ALKP (or AP)... Gamma Glutamyltransferase- GGT
5 terms
Chemistry Chapter 21.1-Chemical Changes
chemical reaction
reactants
products
chemical equation
a change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
the substances that react
the new substances that are produced
a way to describe a chemical reaction using chemical formulas…
chemical reaction
a change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
reactants
the substances that react
9 terms
Chemistry Chap. 2, Sec. 1, "Observing Chemical Change"
Matter
Chemistry
Physical property
Chemical property
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The study of matter and how matter changes.
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed without…
A characteristic of a substance that describes its ability to…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes.
53 terms
Chemistry Unit 1 Chemical Foundations
Chemistry
Pharmacist, chemical engineer, doctor,…
To understand the connection between t…
Macro
The study of the materials of the universe and the changes th…
Occupations that use chemistry
What is the main challenge of chemistry?
This prefix means large.
Chemistry
The study of the materials of the universe and the changes th…
Pharmacist, chemical engineer, doctor,…
Occupations that use chemistry
38 terms
Chemistry. C1. Chemical calculations
Reactants
Products
What are 4 states?
Ide
What the starting substances of a reaction are
What is produced from a reaction
Solid, liquid, gas ams aqueous
No oxygen
Reactants
What the starting substances of a reaction are
Products
What is produced from a reaction
51 terms
Chemistry Q1 Exam// Chemical Foundations
Who were the first to discuss atoms an…
History of Atomic Theory
John Dalton
JJ Thomson
The Ancient Greeks
Took over 2000 years; ideas weren't always accurate; All matt…
Created 5 postulates about the atomic theory
Cathode ray tube experiment and plum pudding model
Who were the first to discuss atoms an…
The Ancient Greeks
History of Atomic Theory
Took over 2000 years; ideas weren't always accurate; All matt…
28 terms
Chemistry unit 1: chemical reactions
A material that's made up of one kind…
A tiny invisible particle that makes u…
A substance made of two or more elemen…
Two
What is an Element?
What is an atom?
What is a compound?
How many elements are there in compounds ending with -ide
A material that's made up of one kind…
What is an Element?
A tiny invisible particle that makes u…
What is an atom?
Chemistry unit 2.1 - chemical bonding
Chemical bonds
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Metallic bond
Formed to keeps atoms together
Atoms join together by sharing electrons
Transferring or accepting electrons to form positive or negat…
Metals sharing electrons
Chemical bonds
Formed to keeps atoms together
Covalent bond
Atoms join together by sharing electrons
NCEA L1 Chemistry - Chemical Reactions 2
Describe what are combination reactions
Describe ionic compounds
Explain what happens in an ionic compo…
Explain electron transfer in combinati…
When two elements chemically join together to form a single c…
When metal elements combine with non-metal elements - valence…
Electrons are transferred from metal to non metal... Metal forms…
Metal elements tend to lose electrons while non-metal element…
Describe what are combination reactions
When two elements chemically join together to form a single c…
Describe ionic compounds
When metal elements combine with non-metal elements - valence…
10 terms
Chemistry: Chemistry and food chemical chapter 1
What is the name of the chemical?
What is the chemical formula?
What elements does the chemical contain?
Where is the chemical found?
Syn-propanethial-S-oxide
C3H6OS
Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen and Sulfer
Onions
What is the name of the chemical?
Syn-propanethial-S-oxide
What is the chemical formula?
C3H6OS
32 terms
Physical Vs. Chemical Properties (Chemistry 1.1)
Cold/Hot
Can be seen or used without changing t…
Density
Magnetic Properties
Physical Property
Physical Property
Physical Property
Physical Property
Cold/Hot
Physical Property
Can be seen or used without changing t…
Physical Property
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