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Study sets matching "kapitel 11 nervous system"

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Study sets matching "kapitel 11 nervous system"

11 terms
Nervous System 11 terms
Central Nervous System
Brain
Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
portion of the nervous system that includes the brain and the…
contained within the skull, includes the higher nervous centers
conducts sensory and motor nerve impulses to and from the brain
part of the nervous system not including the brain and spinal…
Central Nervous System
portion of the nervous system that includes the brain and the…
Brain
contained within the skull, includes the higher nervous centers
13 terms
Ch. 11 Nervous System
meninges
dura mater
arachnoid mater
pia mater
The organs of the central nervous system (brain and spinal co…
The outermost layer of the meninges, composed of tough, white…
Web-like middle layer of the three meninges that lacks blood…
thin, delicate inner membrane of the meninges that contains m…
meninges
The organs of the central nervous system (brain and spinal co…
dura mater
The outermost layer of the meninges, composed of tough, white…
62 terms
Ch. 11: Nervous System
Basic Function 1
Basic Function 2
Basic Function 3
Central Nervous System: CNS
Gathering sensory input from sensory receptors
Processing and interpreting sensory input to decide an approp…
Using motor output to activate effector organs, muscles and g…
The brain and spinal cord; the integrating and control center…
Basic Function 1
Gathering sensory input from sensory receptors
Basic Function 2
Processing and interpreting sensory input to decide an approp…
105 terms
Ch. 11 Nervous System
Nervous System
Nervous System Functions
Sensory input
Integration
The master controlling and communicating system of the body
Sensory input, Integration, and Motor output
monitoring stimuli occurring inside and outside the body
interpretation of sensory input
Nervous System
The master controlling and communicating system of the body
Nervous System Functions
Sensory input, Integration, and Motor output
41 terms
Chapter 11 - Nervous System
What are the functions of the Nervous…
What are the 2 Divisions of the NS?
Peripheral Nervous System breaks down…
Sensory (Afferent) Division of PNS con…
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
1. Central nervous system (CNS) ... -Brain and spinal cord... -Inte…
1. Sensory (afferent) Division... 2. Motor (efferent) Division
1. Somatic afferent fibers—convey impulses from skin, skeleta…
What are the functions of the Nervous…
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
What are the 2 Divisions of the NS?
1. Central nervous system (CNS) ... -Brain and spinal cord... -Inte…
Ch. 11 Nervous System
Nervous System
CNS
PNS
Afferent PNS
Cells communicate via chemical & electrical signals... -rapid an…
Brain & spinal chord... -interprets sensory input & dictates
-nervous system outside of the CNS... -nerves & ganglia
collects sensory info, delivers to CNS
Nervous System
Cells communicate via chemical & electrical signals... -rapid an…
CNS
Brain & spinal chord... -interprets sensory input & dictates
41 terms
Chapter 11 - Nervous System
What are the functions of the Nervous…
What are the 2 Divisions of the NS?
Peripheral Nervous System breaks down…
Sensory (Afferent) Division of PNS con…
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
1. Central nervous system (CNS) ... -Brain and spinal cord... -Inte…
1. Sensory (afferent) Division... 2. Motor (efferent) Division
1. Somatic afferent fibers—convey impulses from skin, skeleta…
What are the functions of the Nervous…
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
What are the 2 Divisions of the NS?
1. Central nervous system (CNS) ... -Brain and spinal cord... -Inte…
72 terms
Ch. 11 Nervous System
CNS - Central Nervous System
PNS - Peripheral Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System Divsions
Somatic Nervous System
brain and spinal cord. control center and integration.
cranial nerves and spinal nerves. communication between CNS a…
voluntary. impulses from CNS to skeletal muscles.
CNS - Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord. control center and integration.
PNS - Peripheral Nervous System
cranial nerves and spinal nerves. communication between CNS a…
63 terms
Chapter 11 Nervous System
Resting Membrane Potential
Symptoms of MS
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Schwann Cells
The difference in change (voltage) across the plasma membrane…
Muscle weakness, decreased coordination, fatigue, visual and…
It is a disease in which there's a destruction of myelin shea…
Cell processes from myelin sheaths. ... Wrap and insulate nerves…
Resting Membrane Potential
The difference in change (voltage) across the plasma membrane…
Symptoms of MS
Muscle weakness, decreased coordination, fatigue, visual and…
25 terms
#11: Tissues and the nervous system
Connective, epithelial, muscle, nervous
Epithelial
Connective
Muscle
The four basic types of tissue are...
______ tissue covers the outside of the body and lines organs…
______ tissue provides support for the body and connects its…
_____ tissue is able to contract, making body parts move.
Connective, epithelial, muscle, nervous
The four basic types of tissue are...
Epithelial
______ tissue covers the outside of the body and lines organs…
224 terms
Chapter 11. Nervous System
responsible for being the master contr…
Cells Communicate via ____ and _____ s…
cell communication is__?... a. slow, comp…
3 Functions of the Nervous System?
Nervous System
Electrical and Chemical
rapid, immediate and specific
Sensory Input, Integration, Motor Output
responsible for being the master contr…
Nervous System
Cells Communicate via ____ and _____ s…
Electrical and Chemical
15 terms
Y11 Biology - The Nervous System
detect
receptor
carry out
effector
feel, sense
受体. It detects changes in conditions
do
An organ which carries out the response
detect
feel, sense
receptor
受体. It detects changes in conditions
10 terms
The Nervous System Chapter 11
brain
spinal cord
spinal nerves
reflexes
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous wi strt…
nerve that arises from the spinal cord
rapid , automatic response to a stimulus
brain
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
spinal cord
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous wi strt…
225 terms
CH. 11 Nervous System
Motor neuron
Nervous system
Nervous system cells communicate by:
Neurons
the master controlling and communicating system of the body
electrical and chemical signals, which are rapid and specific…
nerve cells... key to neural communication
Motor neuron
Nervous system
the master controlling and communicating system of the body
129 terms
nervous system ch. 11
regulating systems of homeostasis
functions of nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nervous system and endocrine system
1.Sensory input... -Information gathered by sensory receptors a…
only consists of the brain and spinal cord... Integration and co…
nervous system outside the CNS... Consists mainly of the nerves…
regulating systems of homeostasis
nervous system and endocrine system
functions of nervous system
1.Sensory input... -Information gathered by sensory receptors a…
35 terms
Nervous system Anatomy 11-
What 2 systems have responsibility for…
Endocrine
Nervous system
Brain
Nervous and endocrine systems
Slow response using hormones
Rapid response using action potentials
Central control center... ~100 billion neurons
What 2 systems have responsibility for…
Nervous and endocrine systems
Endocrine
Slow response using hormones
22 terms
Ch. 11 The Nervous System
nervous system
functions of the nervous system
divisions of the nervous system
histology of the nervous system
-works together w/ endocrine system... -primary in the maintenan…
-sensory input: internal & external... -integration: info analys…
-Central NS: brain & spinal cord, protected by bone... -Peripher…
-neurons: carry action potential... -neuroglial cells: support n…
nervous system
-works together w/ endocrine system... -primary in the maintenan…
functions of the nervous system
-sensory input: internal & external... -integration: info analys…
13 terms
Nervous System ch. 11
2 major divisions of brain
2 divisions of peripheral nervous syst…
2 divisions of autonomic system
neuroglia cells of CNS
CNS and PNS
SNS - somatic nervous system... ANS - autonomic nervous system
sympathetic - fight or flight... parasympathetic - rest and digest
neuroglia - support system cell... oligodendrocytes - make myeli…
2 major divisions of brain
CNS and PNS
2 divisions of peripheral nervous syst…
SNS - somatic nervous system... ANS - autonomic nervous system
82 terms
Ch. 11 - The Nervous System
Organization of the nervous system (4…
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Somatic nervous system
- CNS (central nervous system)... - PNS (peripheral nervous syst…
brain & spinal cord
- sensory (afferent) division: nerves route input to CNS... - mo…
voluntary control of skeletal muscle
Organization of the nervous system (4…
- CNS (central nervous system)... - PNS (peripheral nervous syst…
Central nervous system (CNS)
brain & spinal cord
18 terms
CH. 11 Nervous system
1. action potential
2. astrocytes
3. autonomic
4. axon
A momentary change in electrical potential on the surface of…
Shaped like delicate branching sea anemones, they are the mos…
Consists of visceral motor nerve fibers that regulate the act…
The conducting region of a neuron.... ~It generates nverve impul…
1. action potential
A momentary change in electrical potential on the surface of…
2. astrocytes
Shaped like delicate branching sea anemones, they are the mos…
58 terms
Ch. 11-Nervous System
meningitis
functions of cerebral spinal fliud
spinal tap
arabic numbers refer to:
connective tissue membrane that covers brain & spinal cord
support & cushion brain, shock absorber, circulates nutrients…
aka. lumbar puncture
spinal nerves
meningitis
connective tissue membrane that covers brain & spinal cord
functions of cerebral spinal fliud
support & cushion brain, shock absorber, circulates nutrients…
80 terms
L 11 Nervous System
CNS
Peripheral Nervous System
brain ventricles
forebrain
Central nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
cerebrospinal fluid filled cavities within the brain
The largest and most complicated region of the brain, includi…
CNS
Central nervous system
Peripheral Nervous System
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
75 terms
Chapter #11 Nervous System
Functions of the nervous system
Homeostasis aspects that are regulated…
Central nervous system
Peripheral Nervous system
Directs voluntary movement... Seat of consciousness, personalit…
respiratory rate... blood pressure... body temperature... sleep/wake c…
Brain and spinal cord... Brain: Billions of neurons protected b…
Consists of all nerves in body outside protection of skull an…
Functions of the nervous system
Directs voluntary movement... Seat of consciousness, personalit…
Homeostasis aspects that are regulated…
respiratory rate... blood pressure... body temperature... sleep/wake c…
38 terms
11. Central Nervous System
Brain vesicles at 4 week embryonic dev…
Prosencephalon
Rhombencephalon
Brain vesicles at 5 week embryonic dev…
Prosencephalon (forebrain)... Mesencephalon (Midbrain)... Rhombence…
(forebrain)... develops into... Telencephalon and... Diencephalon
(hindbrain)... develops into... Metencephalon... Myelencephalon
Telencephalon... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Metencephalon... Myelen…
Brain vesicles at 4 week embryonic dev…
Prosencephalon (forebrain)... Mesencephalon (Midbrain)... Rhombence…
Prosencephalon
(forebrain)... develops into... Telencephalon and... Diencephalon
Nervous System (Ch. 11)
cognition
nerve impulse
neurotransmitters
peripheral
process of thought
electrical signal transmitted along the nerve fiber in respon…
chemicals in the brain that transmit messages between neurons
pertaining to the outside, surface, or surrounding area of an…
cognition
process of thought
nerve impulse
electrical signal transmitted along the nerve fiber in respon…
33 terms
chapter 11- Nervous system
nervous system
3 basic functions
organization of nervous system
Neuroglia (supporting cells)
Works in conjunction with endocrine system to control... homeost…
1. Sensory - receptors detect stimulus and sensory neurons co…
2 in PNS + 4 in CNS = 6 total ... Most have cell body with proje…
nervous system
Works in conjunction with endocrine system to control... homeost…
3 basic functions
1. Sensory - receptors detect stimulus and sensory neurons co…
66 terms
chapter 11 nervous system
association areas
hemisphere dominance
language related activities
memory
include areas that are not directly involved in motor or sens…
sensory and motor are equally controlled by both left and rig…
including speech , writing , reading , mathematics and logic.…
has short term and long term
association areas
include areas that are not directly involved in motor or sens…
hemisphere dominance
sensory and motor are equally controlled by both left and rig…
17 terms
11.1C nervous system definitions
Nervous system
Reflex arc
synapse
diffusion
The network of nerve cells and fibres which transmits nerve i…
The nerve pathway involved in a reflex action, including at i…
A junction between two nerve cells, consisting of a minute ga…
Diffusion is the action of molecules moving from an area of h…
Nervous system
The network of nerve cells and fibres which transmits nerve i…
Reflex arc
The nerve pathway involved in a reflex action, including at i…
21 terms
11 nervous system efferent
types of neurons
afferent
efferent
interneuron
afferent, efferent,interneurons
lead into the brain and spinal cord
lead from the brain and spinal cord to effector
contained within the cns
types of neurons
afferent, efferent,interneurons
afferent
lead into the brain and spinal cord
147 terms
11: Nervous System
Function of nervous system
neurons
neuroglia
components of neurons
communication between cells via sensory input, integration of…
...
service neurons
cell body, dendrites, axons, axon hillock
Function of nervous system
communication between cells via sensory input, integration of…
neurons
...
60 terms
Ch. 11: Nervous System
Nervous System
Define Neurons
Define neuroglia
define Dendrites
- Enables organisms to respond to stimuli from external and i…
specialized nervous tissue that are used to convert stimuli i…
cells that support and protect the neurons
cytoplasmic extensions that receive information and transmit…
Nervous System
- Enables organisms to respond to stimuli from external and i…
Define Neurons
specialized nervous tissue that are used to convert stimuli i…
27 terms
11 - The Nervous System 2
4 major parts of the brain
Ventricles. Where and why
Medulla Oblongata
Content of Diencephalon
1. Brainstem... 2. Diencephalon, contains hypothalamus and thala…
4 ventricles. Two bellow the corpus callosum and two more fur…
Part of the brain stem containing all ascending and descendin…
- Thalamus... - Hypothalamus... - Epithalamus... - Optic Tracts... - And…
4 major parts of the brain
1. Brainstem... 2. Diencephalon, contains hypothalamus and thala…
Ventricles. Where and why
4 ventricles. Two bellow the corpus callosum and two more fur…
50 terms
The Nervous System - 11
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
afferent
efferent
The brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
Carrying inward to a central organ or section, as nerves that…
motor neurons that carries nerve impulses away from the centr…
central nervous system
The brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
198 terms
Ch. 11 The Nervous System
What are Neurons?
What are Supporting Cells?
What is a Nerve Cell?
What is the Nerve Cell Body?
Excitable cells that transmit electrical signals.
Cells that surround and wrap neurons.
Structural units of the nervous system. Composed of a body, a…
Perikaryon or Soma. Contains the nucleus and nucleolus, has w…
What are Neurons?
Excitable cells that transmit electrical signals.
What are Supporting Cells?
Cells that surround and wrap neurons.
76 terms
Nervous System - Chapter 11
Neuron
Sensory (afferent) division
Motor (efferent) division
Neurons
Functional unit of the nervous system
- Somatic afferent fibres - collects info about changes in ex…
- Somatic nervous system - voluntary, controls skeletal muscl…
Excitable cells, transmit signals
Neuron
Functional unit of the nervous system
Sensory (afferent) division
- Somatic afferent fibres - collects info about changes in ex…
131 terms
Nervous System Ch. 11
Nervous system
How do cells communicate?
What are the functions of the Nervoius…
What does the Sensory Input do?
command center and communication system of the body
Eletrical (change and potential) and Chemical signals
Sensory Input, Integration, and Motor Output
Gather information about internal and external conditions
Nervous system
command center and communication system of the body
How do cells communicate?
Eletrical (change and potential) and Chemical signals
89 terms
Ch. 11 - The Nervous System
Nevous system
action potentials
sensory input
integration
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
The form of electrical signals that the axon transmits
Information gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Allows separate systems to communicate directly with each other
Nevous system
the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, con…
action potentials
The form of electrical signals that the axon transmits
60 terms
11-nervous system
cerebr/o
cortic/o
encephal/o
gangli/o, ganglion/o
cerebrum
cerebral cortex, outer portion
brain
ganglion
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cortic/o
cerebral cortex, outer portion
17 terms
Unit 11 Nervous System
somatic nervous system
voluntary control
reflex arc
autonomic nervous system
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
Impulses that originate in the brain and controls skeletal mu…
the pathway an impulse travels to initiate a super quick unco…
The part of the nervous system responsible for control of the…
somatic nervous system
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
voluntary control
Impulses that originate in the brain and controls skeletal mu…
100 terms
11 - Autonomic nervous system
Efferent division of peripheral nervou…
If you activate one sympathetic, do yo…
antagonistic control is?
Exceptions to dual antagonistic innerv…
Somatic motor neurons... Autonomic neurons
No =)
When one autonomic branch is excitatory & the other is inhibi…
Sweat glands... &... Smooth muscle is blood vessels (mesothelium)
Efferent division of peripheral nervou…
Somatic motor neurons... Autonomic neurons
If you activate one sympathetic, do yo…
No =)
19 terms
nervous system ch11
nervous system
2 types of communication
3 functions of nervous system
sensory input (function)
master controlling and communicating system of body
electrical and chemical signals
sensory input, integration, motor input
monitoring stimuli
nervous system
master controlling and communicating system of body
2 types of communication
electrical and chemical signals
60 terms
Chapter 11 - Nervous system
Brain
Central nervous system
Meninges
Dura mater:
largest and most complex part of nervous system
consists of brain and spinal cord
membranes that protect brain and spinal cord; lie between bon…
Outer layer... Tough, dense ... connective tissue... Dural sinuses... Ep…
Brain
largest and most complex part of nervous system
Central nervous system
consists of brain and spinal cord
20 terms
Nervous System CH.11
Central Nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Sensory
Integrative
brain and spinal cord
Cranial (12pair) and (31 pair) nerves
Gathering info about internal and external enviroment
Analyze and interpret info, determine. appropriate response
Central Nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Cranial (12pair) and (31 pair) nerves
99 terms
Ch. 11: Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue
Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
The master controlling and communicating system of the body.…
The nervous system uses its millions of receptors to monitor…
This is a process in which the nervous system processes and i…
The nervous system activates effector organs - the muscles an…
Nervous System
The master controlling and communicating system of the body.…
Sensory Input
The nervous system uses its millions of receptors to monitor…
37 terms
Chapter 11 Nervous System
Nervous System
2 types of nervous/neural tissue
Central Nervous system(CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
neural tissue, blood vessels, connective tissue
1. Neurons(nerve cell)... 2. Neuroglia(neuroglia cells)
-brain... -spinal cord
-nerves ... cranial and spinal nerves... -connect the CNS to other…
Nervous System
neural tissue, blood vessels, connective tissue
2 types of nervous/neural tissue
1. Neurons(nerve cell)... 2. Neuroglia(neuroglia cells)
133 terms
Chapter 11: Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Step 1: Info gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Step 2: Interpretation of sensory input
Step 3: Activation of effector organs 9muscles and glands) pr…
Intergration and command center and consists of brain and spi…
Sensory Input
Step 1: Info gathered by sensory receptors about internal and…
Integration
Step 2: Interpretation of sensory input
59 terms
Chapter 11 Nervous system
nervous system
sensory input
integration
motor output
master control and communication system of the body
monitor changes occuring both inside and outside the body
processes and interprets sensory input and decides on action
activates effector organs to cause a response
nervous system
master control and communication system of the body
sensory input
monitor changes occuring both inside and outside the body
58 terms
Nervous system chapter 11
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Central Nervous System
changes in information sent to the brain when changes in the…
brain interprets the sensory input and decides how to react t…
response to the change is sent out
makes up the Brain and Spinal Cord
Sensory Input
changes in information sent to the brain when changes in the…
Integration
brain interprets the sensory input and decides how to react t…
51 terms
Lecture 11 Nervous System
Sensory Function
Integrative Function
Motor Function
2 Divisions of Nervous System
Senses change in body. (ex. pain, illness, body temp)
Analyzes, stores, and makes decisions. Responds to sensory.
Responds to stimuli
Central (CNS) and Peripheral (PNS)
Sensory Function
Senses change in body. (ex. pain, illness, body temp)
Integrative Function
Analyzes, stores, and makes decisions. Responds to sensory.
10 terms
Chapter 11: Nervous System
Nervous System
Neurons
Structure of neuron
Perikaryon
~Primary control system of human body... ~electro-chemical basis…
~primary cell type of nervous system... ~responds to specific st…
~cell body of neuron... ~contains nucleus, most of its cytoplasm…
Nervous System
~Primary control system of human body... ~electro-chemical basis…
Neurons
~primary cell type of nervous system... ~responds to specific st…
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