Study sets matching "kapitel 11 nervous system"

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Study sets matching "kapitel 11 nervous system"

Nervous System 11 terms
Central Nervous System
Brain
Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
portion of the nervous system that includes the brain and the…
contained within the skull, includes the higher nervous centers
conducts sensory and motor nerve impulses to and from the brain
part of the nervous system not including the brain and spinal…
Central Nervous System
portion of the nervous system that includes the brain and the…
Brain
contained within the skull, includes the higher nervous centers
13 terms
Ch. 11 Nervous System
meninges
dura mater
arachnoid mater
pia mater
The organs of the central nervous system (brain and spinal co…
The outermost layer of the meninges, composed of tough, white…
Web-like middle layer of the three meninges that lacks blood…
thin, delicate inner membrane of the meninges that contains m…
meninges
The organs of the central nervous system (brain and spinal co…
dura mater
The outermost layer of the meninges, composed of tough, white…
62 terms
Ch. 11: Nervous System
Basic Function 1
Basic Function 2
Basic Function 3
Central Nervous System: CNS
Gathering sensory input from sensory receptors
Processing and interpreting sensory input to decide an approp…
Using motor output to activate effector organs, muscles and g…
The brain and spinal cord; the integrating and control center…
Basic Function 1
Gathering sensory input from sensory receptors
Basic Function 2
Processing and interpreting sensory input to decide an approp…
Ch. 11 Nervous System
Nervous System
CNS
PNS
Afferent PNS
Cells communicate via chemical & electrical signals... -rapid an…
Brain & spinal chord... -interprets sensory input & dictates
-nervous system outside of the CNS... -nerves & ganglia
collects sensory info, delivers to CNS
Nervous System
Cells communicate via chemical & electrical signals... -rapid an…
CNS
Brain & spinal chord... -interprets sensory input & dictates
72 terms
Ch. 11 Nervous System
CNS - Central Nervous System
PNS - Peripheral Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System Divsions
Somatic Nervous System
brain and spinal cord. control center and integration.
cranial nerves and spinal nerves. communication between CNS a…
voluntary. impulses from CNS to skeletal muscles.
CNS - Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord. control center and integration.
PNS - Peripheral Nervous System
cranial nerves and spinal nerves. communication between CNS a…
41 terms
Chapter 11 - Nervous System
What are the functions of the Nervous…
What are the 2 Divisions of the NS?
Peripheral Nervous System breaks down…
Sensory (Afferent) Division of PNS con…
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
1. Central nervous system (CNS) ... -Brain and spinal cord... -Inte…
1. Sensory (afferent) Division... 2. Motor (efferent) Division
1. Somatic afferent fibers—convey impulses from skin, skeleta…
What are the functions of the Nervous…
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
What are the 2 Divisions of the NS?
1. Central nervous system (CNS) ... -Brain and spinal cord... -Inte…
25 terms
#11: Tissues and the nervous system
Connective, epithelial, muscle, nervous
Epithelial
Connective
Muscle
The four basic types of tissue are...
______ tissue covers the outside of the body and lines organs…
______ tissue provides support for the body and connects its…
_____ tissue is able to contract, making body parts move.
Connective, epithelial, muscle, nervous
The four basic types of tissue are...
Epithelial
______ tissue covers the outside of the body and lines organs…
8 terms
Nervous system - Chapter 11
nervous system
central N. S. (CNS)
peripheral N. S. (PNS)
neurons
your body's message and control center
your brain and spinal cord
all nerves that connect the CNS to all parts of the body
specialized nerve cells
nervous system
your body's message and control center
central N. S. (CNS)
your brain and spinal cord
41 terms
Chapter 11 - Nervous System
What are the functions of the Nervous…
What are the 2 Divisions of the NS?
Peripheral Nervous System breaks down…
Sensory (Afferent) Division of PNS con…
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
1. Central nervous system (CNS) ... -Brain and spinal cord... -Inte…
1. Sensory (afferent) Division... 2. Motor (efferent) Division
1. Somatic afferent fibers—convey impulses from skin, skeleta…
What are the functions of the Nervous…
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor Output
What are the 2 Divisions of the NS?
1. Central nervous system (CNS) ... -Brain and spinal cord... -Inte…
224 terms
Chapter 11. Nervous System
responsible for being the master contr…
Cells Communicate via ____ and _____ s…
cell communication is__?... a. slow, comp…
3 Functions of the Nervous System?
Nervous System
Electrical and Chemical
rapid, immediate and specific
Sensory Input, Integration, Motor Output
responsible for being the master contr…
Nervous System
Cells Communicate via ____ and _____ s…
Electrical and Chemical
63 terms
Chapter 11 Nervous System
Resting Membrane Potential
Symptoms of MS
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Schwann Cells
The difference in change (voltage) across the plasma membrane…
Muscle weakness, decreased coordination, fatigue, visual and…
It is a disease in which there's a destruction of myelin shea…
Cell processes from myelin sheaths. ... Wrap and insulate nerves…
Resting Membrane Potential
The difference in change (voltage) across the plasma membrane…
Symptoms of MS
Muscle weakness, decreased coordination, fatigue, visual and…
105 terms
Ch. 11 Nervous System
Nervous System
Nervous System Functions
Sensory input
Integration
The master controlling and communicating system of the body
Sensory input, Integration, and Motor output
monitoring stimuli occurring inside and outside the body
interpretation of sensory input
Nervous System
The master controlling and communicating system of the body
Nervous System Functions
Sensory input, Integration, and Motor output
The Nervous System Chapter 11
brain
spinal cord
spinal nerves
reflexes
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous wi strt…
nerve that arises from the spinal cord
rapid , automatic response to a stimulus
brain
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
spinal cord
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous wi strt…
82 terms
Chapter 11: Nervous system
Nervous System
Sensory input, integration, Motor output
Brain and spinal cord
Spinal nerves, Cranial nerves, and gan…
Controls and integrates all body activities that maintain life.
Three "overlapping" functions of the nervous system:
Central nervous system is composed of:
Peripheral Nervous System(PNS) is composed of:
Nervous System
Controls and integrates all body activities that maintain life.
Sensory input, integration, Motor output
Three "overlapping" functions of the nervous system:
58 terms
Nervous system chapter 11
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
Central Nervous System
changes in information sent to the brain when changes in the…
brain interprets the sensory input and decides how to react t…
response to the change is sent out
makes up the Brain and Spinal Cord
Sensory Input
changes in information sent to the brain when changes in the…
Integration
brain interprets the sensory input and decides how to react t…
17 terms
HP 11 Nervous System
Integration
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Motor Neuron
processing of sensory signals... carried out by the central ner…
Brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons
a neuron that sends an impulse to a muscle or gland, causing…
Integration
processing of sensory signals... carried out by the central ner…
Central Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
13 terms
Nervous System ch. 11
2 major divisions of brain
2 divisions of peripheral nervous syst…
2 divisions of autonomic system
neuroglia cells of CNS
CNS and PNS
SNS - somatic nervous system... ANS - autonomic nervous system
sympathetic - fight or flight... parasympathetic - rest and digest
neuroglia - support system cell... oligodendrocytes - make myeli…
2 major divisions of brain
CNS and PNS
2 divisions of peripheral nervous syst…
SNS - somatic nervous system... ANS - autonomic nervous system
41 terms
11 - Central Nervous System
Three primary brain vesicles
Secondary vesicles of prosencephalon
Secondary vesicles of Rhombencephalon
Where are the arachnoid's trabeculae f…
1. Prosencephalon... 2. Mesencephalon: Midbrain... 3. Rhombencephalon
1. Telencephalon: Cerebrum... 2. Diencephalon: Eye Cup, Thalamus…
1. Metencephalon: Pons, Cerebellum... 2. Myelencephalon: Medulla…
Subarachnoid space (also CSF here)
Three primary brain vesicles
1. Prosencephalon... 2. Mesencephalon: Midbrain... 3. Rhombencephalon
Secondary vesicles of prosencephalon
1. Telencephalon: Cerebrum... 2. Diencephalon: Eye Cup, Thalamus…
28 terms
Ch. 11 The Nervous System
nervous system
functions of the nervous system
divisions of the nervous system
histology of the nervous system
-works together w/ endocrine system... -primary in the maintenan…
-sensory input: internal & external... -integration: info analys…
-Central NS: brain & spinal cord, protected by bone... -Peripher…
-neurons: carry action potential... -neuroglial cells: support n…
nervous system
-works together w/ endocrine system... -primary in the maintenan…
functions of the nervous system
-sensory input: internal & external... -integration: info analys…
100 terms
Ch. 11 The Nervous System
Sensory input
integration
motor output
central nervous system (CNS)
the nervous system uses its millions of sensory receptors to…
the nervous system processes and interprets sensory input and…
the nervous system activates effector organs - the muscles an…
anatomical subdivision that is part of the nervous system tha…
Sensory input
the nervous system uses its millions of sensory receptors to…
integration
the nervous system processes and interprets sensory input and…
CH. 11 Nervous System
Motor neuron
Nervous system
Nervous system cells communicate by:
Neurons
the master controlling and communicating system of the body
electrical and chemical signals, which are rapid and specific…
nerve cells... key to neural communication
Motor neuron
Nervous system
the master controlling and communicating system of the body
129 terms
nervous system ch. 11
regulating systems of homeostasis
functions of nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nervous system and endocrine system
1.Sensory input... -Information gathered by sensory receptors a…
only consists of the brain and spinal cord... Integration and co…
nervous system outside the CNS... Consists mainly of the nerves…
regulating systems of homeostasis
nervous system and endocrine system
functions of nervous system
1.Sensory input... -Information gathered by sensory receptors a…
7 terms
Week 11 Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Nerves
Motor Nerves
Composed of brain and spinal cord.
Composed of cranial nerves and spinal nerves.
Carry messages from the inside and outside of the body to the…
Carry messages from the brain to the muscles.
Central Nervous System
Composed of brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral Nervous System
Composed of cranial nerves and spinal nerves.
Nervous system Anatomy 11-
What 2 systems have responsibility for…
Endocrine
Nervous system
Brain
Nervous and endocrine systems
Slow response using hormones
Rapid response using action potentials
Central control center... ~100 billion neurons
What 2 systems have responsibility for…
Nervous and endocrine systems
Endocrine
Slow response using hormones
75 terms
Chapter #11 Nervous System
Functions of the nervous system
Homeostasis aspects that are regulated…
Central nervous system
Peripheral Nervous system
Directs voluntary movement... Seat of consciousness, personalit…
respiratory rate... blood pressure... body temperature... sleep/wake c…
Brain and spinal cord... Brain: Billions of neurons protected b…
Consists of all nerves in body outside protection of skull an…
Functions of the nervous system
Directs voluntary movement... Seat of consciousness, personalit…
Homeostasis aspects that are regulated…
respiratory rate... blood pressure... body temperature... sleep/wake c…
60 terms
11-nervous system
cerebr/o
cortic/o
encephal/o
gangli/o, ganglion/o
cerebrum
cerebral cortex, outer portion
brain
ganglion
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cortic/o
cerebral cortex, outer portion
Nervous System (Ch. 11)
cognition
nerve impulse
neurotransmitters
peripheral
process of thought
electrical signal transmitted along the nerve fiber in respon…
chemicals in the brain that transmit messages between neurons
pertaining to the outside, surface, or surrounding area of an…
cognition
process of thought
nerve impulse
electrical signal transmitted along the nerve fiber in respon…
chapter 11 nervous system
association areas
hemisphere dominance
language related activities
memory
include areas that are not directly involved in motor or sens…
sensory and motor are equally controlled by both left and rig…
including speech , writing , reading , mathematics and logic.…
has short term and long term
association areas
include areas that are not directly involved in motor or sens…
hemisphere dominance
sensory and motor are equally controlled by both left and rig…
18 terms
CH. 11 Nervous system
1. action potential
2. astrocytes
3. autonomic
4. axon
A momentary change in electrical potential on the surface of…
Shaped like delicate branching sea anemones, they are the mos…
Consists of visceral motor nerve fibers that regulate the act…
The conducting region of a neuron.... ~It generates nverve impul…
1. action potential
A momentary change in electrical potential on the surface of…
2. astrocytes
Shaped like delicate branching sea anemones, they are the mos…
21 terms
11 nervous system efferent
types of neurons
afferent
efferent
interneuron
afferent, efferent,interneurons
lead into the brain and spinal cord
lead from the brain and spinal cord to effector
contained within the cns
types of neurons
afferent, efferent,interneurons
afferent
lead into the brain and spinal cord
60 terms
Ch. 11: Nervous System
Nervous System
Define Neurons
Define neuroglia
define Dendrites
- Enables organisms to respond to stimuli from external and i…
specialized nervous tissue that are used to convert stimuli i…
cells that support and protect the neurons
cytoplasmic extensions that receive information and transmit…
Nervous System
- Enables organisms to respond to stimuli from external and i…
Define Neurons
specialized nervous tissue that are used to convert stimuli i…
38 terms
11. Central Nervous System
Brain vesicles at 4 week embryonic dev…
Prosencephalon
Rhombencephalon
Brain vesicles at 5 week embryonic dev…
Prosencephalon (forebrain)... Mesencephalon (Midbrain)... Rhombence…
(forebrain)... develops into... Telencephalon and... Diencephalon
(hindbrain)... develops into... Metencephalon... Myelencephalon
Telencephalon... Diencephalon... Mesencephalon... Metencephalon... Myelen…
Brain vesicles at 4 week embryonic dev…
Prosencephalon (forebrain)... Mesencephalon (Midbrain)... Rhombence…
Prosencephalon
(forebrain)... develops into... Telencephalon and... Diencephalon
68 terms
Nervous system Chap. 11
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Sensory (afferent) division (of PNS)
Motor (efferent) division (of PNS)
brain and spinal cord
spinal and cranial nerves. transmits info to & from brain & s…
transmits impulses to the CNS
transmits impulses from the CNS to the effectors
Central nervous system (CNS)
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
spinal and cranial nerves. transmits info to & from brain & s…
50 terms
The Nervous System - 11
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
afferent
efferent
The brain and spinal cord
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
Carrying inward to a central organ or section, as nerves that…
motor neurons that carries nerve impulses away from the centr…
central nervous system
The brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervou…
Nervous system RE#11
taste buds
lens
retina
rods
sensory receptors on the tongue that identify the taste of sw…
inverts the image and protects it onto the retina
the eyes sensory receptors rods and cones
sensory receptors that respond to low levels of light
taste buds
sensory receptors on the tongue that identify the taste of sw…
lens
inverts the image and protects it onto the retina
11 - The Nervous System 2
4 major parts of the brain
Ventricles. Where and why
Medulla Oblongata
Content of Diencephalon
1. Brainstem... 2. Diencephalon, contains hypothalamus and thala…
4 ventricles. Two bellow the corpus callosum and two more fur…
Part of the brain stem containing all ascending and descendin…
- Thalamus... - Hypothalamus... - Epithalamus... - Optic Tracts... - And…
4 major parts of the brain
1. Brainstem... 2. Diencephalon, contains hypothalamus and thala…
Ventricles. Where and why
4 ventricles. Two bellow the corpus callosum and two more fur…
chapter 11 nervous system
master controller of body
cells "talk" via
3 overlapping functions of NS
from sensory receptors
nervous system
rapid electrical and chemical signals
sensory input, integration, motor output
sensory input
master controller of body
nervous system
cells "talk" via
rapid electrical and chemical signals
76 terms
Nervous System - Chapter 11
Neuron
Sensory (afferent) division
Motor (efferent) division
Neurons
Functional unit of the nervous system
- Somatic afferent fibres - collects info about changes in ex…
- Somatic nervous system - voluntary, controls skeletal muscl…
Excitable cells, transmit signals
Neuron
Functional unit of the nervous system
Sensory (afferent) division
- Somatic afferent fibres - collects info about changes in ex…
100 terms
11 - Autonomic nervous system
Efferent division of peripheral nervou…
If you activate one sympathetic, do yo…
antagonistic control is?
Exceptions to dual antagonistic innerv…
Somatic motor neurons... Autonomic neurons
No =)
When one autonomic branch is excitatory & the other is inhibi…
Sweat glands... &... Smooth muscle is blood vessels (mesothelium)
Efferent division of peripheral nervou…
Somatic motor neurons... Autonomic neurons
If you activate one sympathetic, do yo…
No =)
16 terms
Ch. 11 Nervous System
Which of the following statements corr…
Which of the following influence(s) th…
Which of the following cell types make…
What do multiple sclerosis and ALS (am…
Action potentials are initiated by depolarization of the memb…
Both the presence of a myelin sheath and the diameter of the…
Neuroglial cells
They both damage the myelin sheath, slowing action potential…
Which of the following statements corr…
Action potentials are initiated by depolarization of the memb…
Which of the following influence(s) th…
Both the presence of a myelin sheath and the diameter of the…
31 terms
Chapter 11: Nervous System
Characteristics of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Division
1.Recieves information from many sources... 2. Combines informat…
Brain and Spinal Cord... -Receives, processes, and transfers inf…
Nerves outside the Central Nervous System... -Sensory Division... -…
Carries information toward the Central Nervous System
Characteristics of the Nervous System
1.Recieves information from many sources... 2. Combines informat…
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord... -Receives, processes, and transfers inf…
9 terms
11.21 (The nervous system)
nervous system
neurons
nerve
cell body
forms and communication and coordination through an animal's…
individual nerve cells that carry electrical signals from one…
a communication line made from cable-like bundles of neuron f…
the central hub of a neuron housing the nucleus and other org…
nervous system
forms and communication and coordination through an animal's…
neurons
individual nerve cells that carry electrical signals from one…
131 terms
Nervous System Ch. 11
Nervous system
How do cells communicate?
What are the functions of the Nervoius…
What does the Sensory Input do?
command center and communication system of the body
Eletrical (change and potential) and Chemical signals
Sensory Input, Integration, and Motor Output
Gather information about internal and external conditions
Nervous system
command center and communication system of the body
How do cells communicate?
Eletrical (change and potential) and Chemical signals
38 terms
Ch. 11 - Nervous System II
Meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
membranes surrounding CNS... protect CNS... 3 laters (maters)... → dur…
outer, tough ... → formed from 2 layers
thin, web-like
inner, very thin
Meninges
membranes surrounding CNS... protect CNS... 3 laters (maters)... → dur…
Dura Mater
outer, tough ... → formed from 2 layers
41 terms
Unit 11 Nervous System
Afferent Nerves
Autonomic System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Efferent Nerves
Sensory transmitters that send impulses FROM receptors in the…
Involuntary Body Functions
Brain and Spinal Cord
Motor transmitters that carry impulses FROM the central nervo…
Afferent Nerves
Sensory transmitters that send impulses FROM receptors in the…
Autonomic System
Involuntary Body Functions
38 terms
Ch 11 Nervous System
Homeostasis
Neural Functions
Nerves
Neural Tracts
Keeping body coordinated and regulated
Sensing... Interpreting... Acting
Composed of several neurons, or nerve cells
Pathways between different parts of the nervous system
Homeostasis
Keeping body coordinated and regulated
Neural Functions
Sensing... Interpreting... Acting
17 terms
Unit 11 Nervous System
somatic nervous system
voluntary control
reflex arc
autonomic nervous system
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
Impulses that originate in the brain and controls skeletal mu…
the pathway an impulse travels to initiate a super quick unco…
The part of the nervous system responsible for control of the…
somatic nervous system
the division of the peripheral nervous system that controls t…
voluntary control
Impulses that originate in the brain and controls skeletal mu…
59 terms
Chapter 11 Nervous system
nervous system
sensory input
integration
motor output
master control and communication system of the body
monitor changes occuring both inside and outside the body
processes and interprets sensory input and decides on action
activates effector organs to cause a response
nervous system
master control and communication system of the body
sensory input
monitor changes occuring both inside and outside the body
Chapter 11 Nervous System
A neuron that has as its primary funct…
A second nerve impulse can not be gene…
An impulse from one nerve cell is comm…
And inhibitory postsynaptic potential…
Association neuron
The Membrane potential has been reestablished
Synapse
Hyper polarization
A neuron that has as its primary funct…
Association neuron
A second nerve impulse can not be gene…
The Membrane potential has been reestablished
84 terms
Chapter 11: Nervous System
Nervous System
Neurons
Structure of neuron
Perikaryon
~Primary control system of human body... ~electro-chemical basis…
~primary cell type of nervous system... ~responds to specific st…
~cell body of neuron... ~contains nucleus, most of its cytoplasm…
Nervous System
~Primary control system of human body... ~electro-chemical basis…
Neurons
~primary cell type of nervous system... ~responds to specific st…
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