How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "kelp forests"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "kelp forests"

24 terms
Kelp forests
Decorator crab
Sunflower star
Blades
Producer
Crab that uses pieces of its surroundings to camoflauge itself
Sea star that ax have up to 15,000 tube feet
Kelp structures that look like leaves
Role that kelp plays in the food chain
Decorator crab
Crab that uses pieces of its surroundings to camoflauge itself
Sunflower star
Sea star that ax have up to 15,000 tube feet
kelp forests
which type of algae contains the pigme…
chlorophyll is the dominants pigment o…
which type of algae contains the pigme…
what color is the pigment phycobilin
red algae
green algae
brown algae
brown
which type of algae contains the pigme…
red algae
chlorophyll is the dominants pigment o…
green algae
16 terms
Kelp Forests
10-20 ft
water temp. of 50-68 F, rocky substrate,
stem-like stipe, leaf-like blades, gas…
Bristle worms, scud, prawn, snails and…
At what depths are kelp forests found?
Under what type of conditions do kelp grow?
What is the structure of the kelp?
What invertebrate animals are found living in a kelp forest?
10-20 ft
At what depths are kelp forests found?
water temp. of 50-68 F, rocky substrate,
Under what type of conditions do kelp grow?
8 terms
Kelp Forests
physical/biological disturbances... compe…
5 agal guilds:
patches are usually consistant
disturbance
storms- effects vary, frequency, magnitutde, exposure, substr…
Canopy (toplayer)... Erect understory (algae, some above water)…
Competition for light... Limited spore dispersal... Spore swampin…
Storms - effects vary... frequency, magnitude, exposure, substr…
physical/biological disturbances... compe…
storms- effects vary, frequency, magnitutde, exposure, substr…
5 agal guilds:
Canopy (toplayer)... Erect understory (algae, some above water)…
15 terms
Kelp forests
Number of species of kelp and general
Morphology and growth rates
Heterogeneity , feeding
Sea grass beds
Few species of phaeophyceae , forest surface canopy, kelp bed…
Blades leafs, gas bladder buoyancy, stipe structural support,…
Spatially heterogenous diverse habitat with many molluscs , s…
Zostera eel grass thalassia testundinum exist at low or high…
Number of species of kelp and general
Few species of phaeophyceae , forest surface canopy, kelp bed…
Morphology and growth rates
Blades leafs, gas bladder buoyancy, stipe structural support,…
18 terms
Kelp forests
Scientific name of giant kelp
What kind of kelp responsible for form…
What is not a physical characteristic…
What are physical characteristics of k…
Marcocystis pyritara
Giant kelp
Warm waters
Depths < 200m, rocky substrate, temperature latitudes
Scientific name of giant kelp
Marcocystis pyritara
What kind of kelp responsible for form…
Giant kelp
24 terms
Kelp Forests
-rocky subtidal zones (below the tides…
4... -Atlantic... -Indian... -Pacific (largest)…
holdfast
stipes
where in general are kelp forest found?
how many oceans are there?
what attaches kelp to rocky bottom
stem-like portion of the thallus, goes from holdfast
-rocky subtidal zones (below the tides…
where in general are kelp forest found?
4... -Atlantic... -Indian... -Pacific (largest)…
how many oceans are there?
36 terms
Kelp Forests
Which family dominates?
Association with mangroves
Holdfast
Stipe
Dominated by brown seaweed in the family Laminarialies
You get mangroves below the 30° isotherm and kelp forests above
This is equivalent to a root system but it doesn't penetrate…
The stem/trunk. It is generated from the holdfast and is a us…
Which family dominates?
Dominated by brown seaweed in the family Laminarialies
Association with mangroves
You get mangroves below the 30° isotherm and kelp forests above
10 terms
Kelp Forests
Where are kelp forest found? In general
How many oceans are there?
Know how to label the parts of the con…
The Coriolis effect
They are mostly found where there is cold water.
Four; Artic, Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian.
Continental Shelf, Shelf Break, Continental slope, Abyssal pl…
Everthing in the northern hemisphere shifts right, and everyt…
Where are kelp forest found? In general
They are mostly found where there is cold water.
How many oceans are there?
Four; Artic, Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian.
8 terms
Kelp forests
Rocky subtital
distribution
General community structure
colonial
In combination with kelp forests-strongly linked systems... Kelp…
Kelp forests-rocky subtidal ... Found in cooler coastal waters w…
Abundant communities of algae and invertebrates ... Very patchy…
Avionic condition: lack shells to close off that is necessary…
Rocky subtital
In combination with kelp forests-strongly linked systems... Kelp…
distribution
Kelp forests-rocky subtidal ... Found in cooler coastal waters w…
20 terms
Kelp Forests
energy pyramid
trophic levels
food chains and food webs
what is another name used to refer to…
-shows food chain in terms of energy... -abundance and energy de…
-producers(autotrophs)- convert energy from the sun into food…
show the flow of energy through an ecosystem... -food chain: sho…
macroalgae
energy pyramid
-shows food chain in terms of energy... -abundance and energy de…
trophic levels
-producers(autotrophs)- convert energy from the sun into food…
20 terms
Kelp Forests
Which type of algae contains the pigme…
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
Which type of algae contains the pigme…
What color is the pigment phycobilin
red
green
brown
red
Which type of algae contains the pigme…
red
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
green
20 terms
kelp forests
What are kelp beds?
kelp structure
What are the major types of kelp?
kelp biology-nutrient and growth requi…
hard-substrate, sub-tidal communities dominated by very large…
attached to substrate by a holdfast... from this arises the ste…
Kelp beds:... Laminaria... Pterygophora ... Ecklonia... Kelp forests:…
depend on constant movement of w ater to prevent nutrient ex…
What are kelp beds?
hard-substrate, sub-tidal communities dominated by very large…
kelp structure
attached to substrate by a holdfast... from this arises the ste…
20 terms
kelp forest
red algae
green algae
brown algae
red
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae
Which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin
What color is the pigment phycobilin
red algae
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin
green algae
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae
20 terms
Kelp Forest
Red Algae
Green Algae
Brown Algae
Red
Which types of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of Algae?
Which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
What color is the pigment phycobilin?
Red Algae
Which types of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Green Algae
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of Algae?
41 terms
Kelp forest
FS of kelp forest
rocky reefs=kelp forest
shallow water dom by __ deeper water d…
__ is the factor that determines switc…
brown algae
substrate made of rocks
kelp, invert
light
FS of kelp forest
brown algae
rocky reefs=kelp forest
substrate made of rocks
23 terms
Kelp forest
ecological importance of kelp forest
kelp forest species
kelp forest habitat, distribution; mac…
Macrocystis life cycle
provide habitat for organisms;... high net annual primary produc…
Macrocystis, laminaria, nereocystis
dominate in temperate latitudes (pole, cold temperate, upwell…
Heteromorphic A of G:... 2N sporangium produce 1N zoospore throu…
ecological importance of kelp forest
provide habitat for organisms;... high net annual primary produc…
kelp forest species
Macrocystis, laminaria, nereocystis
17 terms
Kelp Forest
what forms these forests?
what water temperatures do they grow in?
where are extensive forests located in…
why are they important?
giant kelp plants
cool
pacific coast of north america
a. provide food & shelter... b. economical and recreational reso…
what forms these forests?
giant kelp plants
what water temperatures do they grow in?
cool
47 terms
Kelp forest
What are the three layers of the kelp…
What is the function of pigments
What color are the main pigments in ch…
Does red algae have Chlorophyll A&B
Canopy understory and forest floor
For photosynthesis which uses Clora Phil A&B into energy
Green
Neither because it's red and absorbs the color green
What are the three layers of the kelp…
Canopy understory and forest floor
What is the function of pigments
For photosynthesis which uses Clora Phil A&B into energy
9 terms
Kelp Forest.
Kelp forests are dominated with what k…
Brown kelp are found where?
What acts like the stem?
What helps them to float?
Brown kelp.
Temperate and polar regions.
The stipe.
Their gas bladder called pneumatocysts.
Kelp forests are dominated with what k…
Brown kelp.
Brown kelp are found where?
Temperate and polar regions.
15 terms
Kelp Forest
What are kelp forests?
What are abiotic and biotic factors th…
What are kelp?
Different parts of kelp?
They are underwater areas with a high density of kelp. They a…
Abiotic: temperature, salinity, ph, ect. ... Biotic: competition…
Kelp are large brown algae that live in cool, relatively shal…
Stipe, blade, holdfast, and frond
What are kelp forests?
They are underwater areas with a high density of kelp. They a…
What are abiotic and biotic factors th…
Abiotic: temperature, salinity, ph, ect. ... Biotic: competition…
20 terms
kelp forests and rocky bottom
which type of algae contains the pigme…
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
which type of algae contains the pigme…
what color is pigment phycobilin
red algae
green algae
brown algae
red
which type of algae contains the pigme…
red algae
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
green algae
20 terms
Kelp forests flashcards
red algae
green algae
brown algae
red
which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
what color is the pigment phycobilin?
red algae
which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
green algae
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
47 terms
California Kelp Forest Animals
Gray Whale
California Sea Lion
Sheephead Wrasse
Red Sea Urchin
Gray Whale
California Sea Lion
57 terms
Kelp Forest Flashcards for Test
El Nino or La Nina: trade winds streng…
El Nino or La Nina: trade winds lessen
El Nino or La Nina: more upwelling
El Nino or La Nina: poor fishing in Peru
La Nina
El Nino
La Nina
El Nino
El Nino or La Nina: trade winds streng…
La Nina
El Nino or La Nina: trade winds lessen
El Nino
15 terms
Midterm 2 - Kelp Forests
where do kelp ecosystems occur?
subtidal environments:
Characteristics of Subtidal Environmen…
light and subtidal environments:
subtidal and intertidal environments
marine environments that lie between the lowest low tides and…
- lighted bottom... - moderate environmental variability (Subtid…
- depends on depth, turbidity... - allows for growth of rooted p…
where do kelp ecosystems occur?
subtidal and intertidal environments
subtidal environments:
marine environments that lie between the lowest low tides and…
20 terms
Kelp Forests Flashcards
Red algae
Green algae
Brown algae
Red
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
Which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
What color is the pigment phycobilin?
Red algae
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Green algae
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
7 terms
Marine Biology Kelp Forests
Kelp forests and beds are
Kelps forests
Kelp beds
Kelp forests are found in
dominated by brown seaweeds in the Laminariales, also found i…
include a surface canopy
occur where smaller individuals or species can not reach the…
found in nearshore subtidal ocean areas with; cool water, nut…
Kelp forests and beds are
dominated by brown seaweeds in the Laminariales, also found i…
Kelps forests
include a surface canopy
20 terms
Kelp forests test:
What did the energy pyramid show?
What is the relationship between abund…
What percentage of energy is transferr…
convert energy from the sun into food…
shows food chain in terms of energy
abundance and energy decrease from top to bottom
10%
Producers (autotroph)
What did the energy pyramid show?
shows food chain in terms of energy
What is the relationship between abund…
abundance and energy decrease from top to bottom
Kelp Forests (Exam 2)
Rhodopyta
Chlorophyta
Phaeophtya
What makes a kelp?
Red algae
Green algae
Brown algae
Phylum phaeophyta.
Rhodopyta
Red algae
Chlorophyta
Green algae
43 terms
MARS 3450 Kelp Forests
Subtidal Environments
Examples of subtidal environments
Examples of intertidal environments
Important factor in environments
marine environments that lie between the lowest low tides and…
kelp systems... seagrasses... hard bottoms... coral reefs... estuaries... un…
salt marshes... mangroves... beaches... rocky shore
distribution of light - light penetration reduced in coastal…
Subtidal Environments
marine environments that lie between the lowest low tides and…
Examples of subtidal environments
kelp systems... seagrasses... hard bottoms... coral reefs... estuaries... un…
20 terms
Kelp Forest Flashcards
Red Algae
Green Algae
Brown Algae
Red
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
Which algae contains the pigment Fucoxanthin?
What color is the pigment phycobilin?
Red Algae
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Green Algae
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
20 terms
kelp forest flash card
which type of algae contains the pigme…
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
which type of algae contains the pigme…
what color is the pigment phycobilin?
red algae
green algae
brown algae
red
which type of algae contains the pigme…
red algae
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
green algae
kelp forests flat cares
red
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
brown
red
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycodbilin?
green
which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
what color is the pigment phycodilin
red
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycodbilin?
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
green
12 terms
Marine Botany: kelp forests
what is the most common kelp in north…
where are kelp forests usually?
what kind of life cycle does macrocyst…
what structure does it use to transpor…
macrocystis
in cold nutrient rich water
hetermorphic
sieve tube
what is the most common kelp in north…
macrocystis
where are kelp forests usually?
in cold nutrient rich water
8 terms
1. Kelp Forests
Dominant species of kelp?
What environment do kelp proliferate?
What type of characteristics do kelp n…
Anatomy of a kelp?
Laminaria. Brown Macro Algae
Subtidal environment.
Cold, shallow, clear, nutrient waters. Upwelling.
Leaflike blade, stemlike stide, holdfast, and floating pneuma…
Dominant species of kelp?
Laminaria. Brown Macro Algae
What environment do kelp proliferate?
Subtidal environment.
16 terms
Marine Bio Kelp Forest
What is the keystone species in the ke…
What kind of algae is kelp?
Sea Urchins
Jewelled Snails
Sea Otters
Brown Algae
Holdfast... kelp main food source... nocturnal... tube feet... covering…
Blade
What is the keystone species in the ke…
Sea Otters
What kind of algae is kelp?
Brown Algae
26 terms
kelp forest test
energy pyramid... what does it show
energy pyramid... what is the relationshi…
energy pyramid... what percentage of ener…
Trophic levels... Producers
shows food chain in terms of energy
it decreases from bottom to top
only 10% of energy
autotrophs = convert
energy pyramid... what does it show
shows food chain in terms of energy
energy pyramid... what is the relationshi…
it decreases from bottom to top
12 terms
Critters in the KELP FOREST
Bat star
Blue rockfish
Brown turban snail
Cabezon
Bat stars live on the kelp forest floor.... A bat stars stomach…
Schools of blue rockfish swim among the kelp plants. Sport fi…
Brown turban snails live on kelp plants, most often on the up…
Like their relatives, the small tidepool sculpins, cabezons l…
Bat star
Bat stars live on the kelp forest floor.... A bat stars stomach…
Blue rockfish
Schools of blue rockfish swim among the kelp plants. Sport fi…
25 terms
Kelp Forest Flashcards for Quiz
El Nino or La Nina: trade winds streng…
El Nino or La Nina: trade winds lessen
El Nino or La Nina: more upwelling
El Nino or La Nina: poor fishing in Peru
La Nina
El Nino
La Nina
El Nino
El Nino or La Nina: trade winds streng…
La Nina
El Nino or La Nina: trade winds lessen
El Nino
20 terms
Kelp Forest Flashcards
Red Algae
Green Algae
Brown Algae
Red
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
Which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
What color is the pigment phycobilin?
Red Algae
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Green Algae
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
15 terms
Kelp forest vocab
Blade
Stipe
Holdfast
Pneumatocyst
Leaf like a flattned portion of kelp where photosynthesis occ…
Stem like structure
Root like structure of the THE giant kelp
Air bladder... Provides most of the buoyancy for the kelp plant
Blade
Leaf like a flattned portion of kelp where photosynthesis occ…
Stipe
Stem like structure
20 terms
KELP FOREST FLASHCARDS
Red Algae
Green
Brown Algae
Red
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
Which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
What color is the pigment phycobilin?
Red Algae
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Green
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
20 terms
Kelp Forest Flashcards
Red Algae
Green Algae
Brown Algae
Red
Which type of algae contains the pigments phycobilin?
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
Which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
What color is the pigment phycobilin?
Red Algae
Which type of algae contains the pigments phycobilin?
Green Algae
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
20 terms
Kelp forest flashcards
red algae
green algae
brown algae
red
which types of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
what color is the pigment phycobilin?
red algae
which types of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
green algae
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
Kelp forest flashcards
red algae
green algae
brown algae
red
which types of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
what color is the pigment phycobilin?
red algae
which types of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
green algae
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
20 terms
kelp forest flashcards
red algae
green algae
brown algae
red
which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
what color is the pigment phycobilin?
red algae
which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
green algae
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
12 terms
Kelp Forest Taxonomic Groups
Animal Phylums (11)
Seaweed Phylums
Porifera Classes (2)
Cnidaria Classes (3)
Porifera, Cnidaria, Nemertea, Sipuncula, Bryozoa, Mollusca, A…
Rhodophyta, Ochrophyta
Calcarea, Demospongiae
Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa, Anthozoa
Animal Phylums (11)
Porifera, Cnidaria, Nemertea, Sipuncula, Bryozoa, Mollusca, A…
Seaweed Phylums
Rhodophyta, Ochrophyta
20 terms
Kelp Forest flashcards
what type of algae contains pigment ph…
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
which type of algae contains the pigme…
what color is the pigment phycobilin?
red algae
green algae
brown algae
red
what type of algae contains pigment ph…
red algae
chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of…
green algae
20 terms
Kelp Forest Flashcards
Red algae
Green algae
Brown algae
Red
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
Which type of algae contains the pigment fucoxanthin?
What color is the pigment phycobilin?
Red algae
Which type of algae contains the pigment phycobilin?
Green algae
Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment of which type of algae?
1 of 10