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Study sets matching "kidney renal system"

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Study sets matching "kidney renal system"

103 terms
Kidney, Urinary, Renal System
Functions of the Urinary System
Kidneys
nephron
glomerulus
-To filter waste products from the body... -To regulate levels o…
remove waste from the blood in the form of urine
urine-producing unit in the kidney
capillary cluster in the nephron that starts the process of b…
Functions of the Urinary System
-To filter waste products from the body... -To regulate levels o…
Kidneys
remove waste from the blood in the form of urine
43 terms
Anatomy- Kidney/Renal System
renal cortex/medulla
hilium
renal sinus/pelvis/papilla
renal pyramics, minor/major calyx
...
...
...
...
renal cortex/medulla
...
hilium
...
12 terms
Kidney (RENAL) system
Kidney
3 main waste products
nephron
nephron structure
two bean shaped things that filter blood into urine
uric acid, urea, creatinine (muscle metabolic waste)
building block of kidney (millions/kidney)
glomerulus inside bowman's capsule. capsule leads to proximal…
Kidney
two bean shaped things that filter blood into urine
3 main waste products
uric acid, urea, creatinine (muscle metabolic waste)
41 terms
Kidney & Renal System
Osmosis
Osmotic Pressure
Osmotic equilibrium
osmolarity
the movemtn of water across a membrane in response to a solut…
the pressure tha tmust be appleid to exactly oppose the osmot…
water concentration are equal on both sides of a membrane
the number of osmotically active particles (ions or molecules…
Osmosis
the movemtn of water across a membrane in response to a solut…
Osmotic Pressure
the pressure tha tmust be appleid to exactly oppose the osmot…
19 terms
Kidney/ Renal system
The mechanism of water reabsorption by…
In the ascending limb of the nephron l…
If the Tm for a particular amino acid…
The macula densa cells respond to ___.
osmosis
Thick segment moves ions out into interstitial spaces for rea…
Appear in the urine
Changes in solute content of the filtrate
The mechanism of water reabsorption by…
osmosis
In the ascending limb of the nephron l…
Thick segment moves ions out into interstitial spaces for rea…
15 terms
Renal system: The Kidney
what is the main job of the kidney?
nephron
glomerulus
proximal tubule
maintaining homestasis
what goes through the nephron is expelled as urine unless it…
receives the filtrate from the plasma via afferent arteriole-…
located in renal cortex - recieves filtrate from the glomerul…
what is the main job of the kidney?
maintaining homestasis
nephron
what goes through the nephron is expelled as urine unless it…
72 terms
Renal System/Kidney
What percentage of body weight is the…
Up to _______ of whatever the heart pu…
What is one of the major ways the huma…
What are mature environments where if…
0.4%
25%... Purification
Through buffers
Buffers
What percentage of body weight is the…
0.4%
Up to _______ of whatever the heart pu…
25%... Purification
36 terms
Urinary System: Kidney & Renal Circulation
renal capsule
renal cortex
nephron
glomerulus
renal capsule
renal cortex
15 terms
Renal System- structures of the kidney
What type of thing does the kidney hel…
What type of thing does the kidney hel…
What is the functional unit of the kid…
Types of nephron
Body water... Electrolyte levels - Na+, K+, Cl-... H+ and bicarbona…
Long term regulation of blood pressure - involves renin produ…
nephron... about 1 million per kidney
corticol nephron (in cortex)... juxtamedullary nephron (still in…
What type of thing does the kidney hel…
Body water... Electrolyte levels - Na+, K+, Cl-... H+ and bicarbona…
What type of thing does the kidney hel…
Long term regulation of blood pressure - involves renin produ…
75 terms
Kidneys/ Renal System
Urogenital System U-G
Urinary system
Primary role of kidneys
Kidney functions
Urinary and reproductive system
Consists of: 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, bladdar, urethra
Excretion
FILTERS. blood plasma-... REGULATES. blood volume, ... pressure and…
Urogenital System U-G
Urinary and reproductive system
Urinary system
Consists of: 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, bladdar, urethra
renal/kidneys system
The kidneys perform a variety of funct…
Overview of kidney functions
Vascular component of the nephron
Tubular component of the nephron
Kidneys, in concert with hormonal and neural inputs that cont…
Maintain H2O balance in the body... - Maintain proper osmolarity…
Glomerus, afferent arterioles, efferent arterioles, and perit…
Starts at Bowman's capsule
The kidneys perform a variety of funct…
Kidneys, in concert with hormonal and neural inputs that cont…
Overview of kidney functions
Maintain H2O balance in the body... - Maintain proper osmolarity…
47 terms
Kidneys/Renal system
Ion regulation is a key feature of kid…
What happens to the force of cardiac c…
If net filtration out of glomerular ca…
If net reabsorption into peritubular c…
Hyperpolarizes (becomes more negative)
Force of contraction decreases
Greater than
Less than
Ion regulation is a key feature of kid…
Hyperpolarizes (becomes more negative)
What happens to the force of cardiac c…
Force of contraction decreases
26 terms
Kidney's Function- Renal System
volume, concentration, pH
solvent
solute
solution
what three things are the body's fluids regulated through?
a liquid in which particles are suspended (in humans it is wa…
a particle suspended in a liquid
a solvent in which solutes are dissolved
volume, concentration, pH
what three things are the body's fluids regulated through?
solvent
a liquid in which particles are suspended (in humans it is wa…
253 terms
Kidneys, Renal System (Systems 1)
Pathway of urine starting with medulla…
What is the functional unit of the kid…
Pathway through nephron
Mesangium
Collecting ducts --> papilla --> minor calyces --> converge o…
Nephron
Glomerulus --> Bowman's space --> PCT --> proximal straight t…
A meshwork of matrix and mesangial cells... Modified smooth musc…
Pathway of urine starting with medulla…
Collecting ducts --> papilla --> minor calyces --> converge o…
What is the functional unit of the kid…
Nephron
14 terms
Final section Kidney/renal system
regulates blood pH, water balance & co…
a ball of capillaries located in bowma…
it collects the filtrate from the glom…
the first part of the tubule, which is…
What three processes occur in the kidney
what is glomerulus
what is function Bowman's capsule
What is proximal convoluted tubule
regulates blood pH, water balance & co…
What three processes occur in the kidney
a ball of capillaries located in bowma…
what is glomerulus
27 terms
BRISAH Pathophysiology of the Kidneys and renal system
Diagram of renal system
Structure of the nephron.
Location of the nephron within the kid…
Location of the Juxtaglomerular appara…
Males ureters pass through the prostate before coming out. To…
Glomerulus filters electrolytes, metabolites, glucose. Useful…
Know the nephron. Located in the cortex of the kidney. glom's…
Juxtoglomerular apparatus and the renin angiotensin system. S…
Diagram of renal system
Males ureters pass through the prostate before coming out. To…
Structure of the nephron.
Glomerulus filters electrolytes, metabolites, glucose. Useful…
36 terms
BY4.6 Renal/kidney system.
What is homeostasis?
What is a detector?
What is a coordinator?
What is the effector?
The maintenance of a constant internal environment within a l…
Something that detects a stimulus.
It receives the information from the detector and communicate…
Receives information from the coordinator and corrects it. Mo…
What is homeostasis?
The maintenance of a constant internal environment within a l…
What is a detector?
Something that detects a stimulus.
38 terms
Chapter 13: The Kidney System, Urology, Renal System
glomerulus
Urinary meatus
Cyst/o
lith/o
capillary cluster in the nephron that starts the process of b…
opening from the urethra to the outside of the body
urinary bladder
stone, calculus
glomerulus
capillary cluster in the nephron that starts the process of b…
Urinary meatus
opening from the urethra to the outside of the body
8 terms
Renal & urological system - functions - blood pressure & the kidney
Auto regulation
Renin-angiotensin system
Drop in blood volume... Fall in systemic…
Renin is released into the circulation…
How the kidneys help maintain their own blood pressure
How the kidneys manage systemic blood pressure
Reasons the GFR (Glomerular filtration rate) may drop
Action that occurs with a drop in glomerular filtration rate…
Auto regulation
How the kidneys help maintain their own blood pressure
Renin-angiotensin system
How the kidneys manage systemic blood pressure
28 terms
Renal System 1- Kidney structure and glomerular filtration
What are the functions of the kidney?
Where are the Kidneys?
What direction does urine flow?
Function of the medulla
1) Retrieval of useful substances-> Glucose and A.A... 2)Excreti…
Under the 12th rib in the peritoneal space
Renal pyramids-> minor calyces-> calyces-> renal pelvis->uret…
where majority of concentration mechanism occurs
What are the functions of the kidney?
1) Retrieval of useful substances-> Glucose and A.A... 2)Excreti…
Where are the Kidneys?
Under the 12th rib in the peritoneal space
19 terms
kidney and renal
renal capsule
renal cortex
renal pyramid
minor calyx
renal capsule
renal cortex
9 terms
(15) Renal Anatomy: Kidneys & Urinary System
Lecture: Renal and Urinary Anatomy
What/ where is the Renal Angle?
Renal Structure
Major calyx
1.Describe the gross anatomy of the urinary system and relati…
Junction of 12th rib and lateral border of erector spinae
Lecture: Renal and Urinary Anatomy
1.Describe the gross anatomy of the urinary system and relati…
What/ where is the Renal Angle?
Junction of 12th rib and lateral border of erector spinae
9 terms
Renal (kidney)
Ureters
glomerular mesangial cells
juxtaglomerular cells (JG)
Macula Densa
transport urine from kidneys to bladder
these cells helps regulate the blood flow in the glomerulus b…
are enlarged smooth muscle cells that have secretory granules…
Adjacent to the granular JG cells, are chemo receptors that r…
Ureters
transport urine from kidneys to bladder
glomerular mesangial cells
these cells helps regulate the blood flow in the glomerulus b…
5 terms
Renal (Kidney)
BUN (M&W)
Creatinine (W)
Creatinine (M)
Uric Acid (W)
6-20mg/dL
0.5-1 mg/DL
0.6-1.3 mg/DL
2.7-7.3 mg/DL
BUN (M&W)
6-20mg/dL
Creatinine (W)
0.5-1 mg/DL
105 terms
Renal/Kidney
glomerular filtration rate
renal clearance
creatinine
cleared creatinine
the best estimate of the functioning of renal tissue
how much of a substance is removed from the blood by the kidn…
-used for renal clearance testing... -released into the blood st…
-calculates GFR by comparing amounts of creatinine in the blo…
glomerular filtration rate
the best estimate of the functioning of renal tissue
renal clearance
how much of a substance is removed from the blood by the kidn…
18 terms
MEDSCI142 : Renal System : Lecture 1 - Kidney Anatomy and Physiology
How do Kidneys perform a range of func…
Explain the look of the kidney and loc…
Explain the external anatomy of the ki…
Label the internal anatomy of the Kidn…
- Use blood as a substrate by collecting fluid from the blood…
- Deep red as they are very vascular.... - They are located at t…
1. Renal Capsule:... - made up of connective tissue.... - forms a p…
How do Kidneys perform a range of func…
- Use blood as a substrate by collecting fluid from the blood…
Explain the look of the kidney and loc…
- Deep red as they are very vascular.... - They are located at t…
27 terms
MEDSCI142 : Renal System : Lecture 2 - The Function of the Kidney
What are the two main functions of the…
What are the other functions of the ki…
What occurs when things go wrong with…
What are kidneys essential for?
1. Regulation of water and electrolyte balance.... 2. Regulatio…
1. Regulation blood pH (e.g. via regulation of H+ and HCO3-).…
1. Swelling - increase in retaining fluid.... 2. High blood pre…
Maintaining homeostasis and the Osmolarity and volume of the…
What are the two main functions of the…
1. Regulation of water and electrolyte balance.... 2. Regulatio…
What are the other functions of the ki…
1. Regulation blood pH (e.g. via regulation of H+ and HCO3-).…
60 terms
Renal/Kidney
Normal renal function
Renal function measures
BUN
Creatine
Excretion of wastes ... Regulation of water/soduim ... pH balance... H…
BUN... Creatine ... Azotemia ... Uremia
Blood urea nitrogen measure of amt of urea in blood
breakdown product of creatine phosphate from muscles
Normal renal function
Excretion of wastes ... Regulation of water/soduim ... pH balance... H…
Renal function measures
BUN... Creatine ... Azotemia ... Uremia
60 terms
Renal/Kidney
Normal renal function
Renal function measures
BUN
Creatine
Excretion of wastes ... Regulation of water/soduim ... pH balance... H…
BUN... Creatine ... Azotemia ... Uremia
Blood urea nitrogen measure of amt of urea in blood
breakdown product of creatine phosphate from muscles
Normal renal function
Excretion of wastes ... Regulation of water/soduim ... pH balance... H…
Renal function measures
BUN... Creatine ... Azotemia ... Uremia
Renal Kidney
Where is the majority of H20 and Na+ r…
TF/P of Na+ in early proximal tube
What is reabsorbed in the early proxim…
Where do Carbonic Anhydrase inhibitors…
Early proximal tube about 2/3 or 67%
TF/P=1 same amount of water and Na+ being absorbed. The proce…
-Na+ co-transported with glucose and AA. ... -Na+ counter-transp…
Early proximal tube to inhibit reabsorption of filtered HCO3-
Where is the majority of H20 and Na+ r…
Early proximal tube about 2/3 or 67%
TF/P of Na+ in early proximal tube
TF/P=1 same amount of water and Na+ being absorbed. The proce…
12 terms
Renal System (Kidney, Ureter, Urinary Bladder, Urethra, Adrenal Glands)
Kidney
Cortex
Medulla
Renal Pelvis
Kidney
Cortex
44 terms
Lewis ch. 45,46,47 Urinary System, Renal and Urologic Problems, Acute Kidney Injury and Chronic Kidney Disease
costovertebral angle (CVA)
creatinine
cystometrogram
cystoscopy
one of two angles that outline a space over the kidneys that…
waste product produced by muscle breakdown commonly found in…
study performed to measure the pressure exerted against the b…
inspection of the interior of the bladder with a tubular ligh…
costovertebral angle (CVA)
one of two angles that outline a space over the kidneys that…
creatinine
waste product produced by muscle breakdown commonly found in…
39 terms
KIDNEYS/RENAL
Detrusor muscles
Urinary system
Renal pelvis
Non-Sterile
make kidneys contract and retract
STERILE
Urine collection sac leads into ureters
Clean catch/Mid Stream
Detrusor muscles
make kidneys contract and retract
Urinary system
STERILE
14 terms
Renal - Kidneys
What is the location of the kidneys
What protects the kidneys
What are the three regions of the kidn…
Renal arteries from abdominal aorta
anterior to T12-13, posterior to ribs 11 and 12
fibrous capsule, renal fat pad, ribs
outer cortex, inner medulla and pelvis
5 segmenta, lobar, interlobar, arcuate, interlobular
What is the location of the kidneys
anterior to T12-13, posterior to ribs 11 and 12
What protects the kidneys
fibrous capsule, renal fat pad, ribs
26 terms
Renal System (Kidney, Ureter, Urinary Bladder, Urethra, Adrenal Glands)
Kidney
Renal Cortex
Renal Medulla
Renal Pyramid
Kidney
Renal Cortex
12 terms
RENAL - Kidney problems
nephrologist
urologist
symptoms of kidney problems
causes of kidney problems
kidney specialist but can't perform sugeries
kidney specialist and can perform surgeries
They are due to the build-up of waste products in the body th…
You have a condition that slows blood flow to your kidneys.... Y…
nephrologist
kidney specialist but can't perform sugeries
urologist
kidney specialist and can perform surgeries
MEDSCI142 : Renal System : Lecture 1 - Kidney Anatomy and Physiology
How do Kidneys perform a range of func…
Explain the look of the kidney and loc…
Explain the external anatomy of the ki…
Label the internal anatomy of the Kidn…
- Use blood as a substrate by collecting fluid from the blood…
- Deep red as they are very vascular.... - They are located at t…
1. Renal Capsule:... - made up of connective tissue.... - forms a p…
How do Kidneys perform a range of func…
- Use blood as a substrate by collecting fluid from the blood…
Explain the look of the kidney and loc…
- Deep red as they are very vascular.... - They are located at t…
MEDSCI142 : Renal System : Lecture 2 - The Function of the Kidney
What are the two main functions of the…
What are the other functions of the ki…
What occurs when things go wrong with…
What are kidneys essential for?
1. Regulation of water and electrolyte balance.... 2. Regulatio…
1. Regulation blood pH (e.g. via regulation of H+ and HCO3-).…
1. Swelling - increase in retaining fluid.... 2. High blood pre…
Maintaining homeostasis and the Osmolarity and volume of the…
What are the two main functions of the…
1. Regulation of water and electrolyte balance.... 2. Regulatio…
What are the other functions of the ki…
1. Regulation blood pH (e.g. via regulation of H+ and HCO3-).…
16 terms
The Kidneys (Renal)
three pressures that influence glomeru…
Capillary blood pressure (hydrostatic…
Colloid osomotic pressure (π)
Capsule fluid pressure (Bowman's capsu…
-Capillary blood pressure... -Capillary colloid osmotic pressure…
-PH of the blood flowing through the glomerular capillaries f…
is inside glomerular capillaries is higher than that of the f…
Bowman's capsule is an enclosed space (unlike interstitial fl…
three pressures that influence glomeru…
-Capillary blood pressure... -Capillary colloid osmotic pressure…
Capillary blood pressure (hydrostatic…
-PH of the blood flowing through the glomerular capillaries f…
23 terms
Renal: Kidney function and AKI
Normal urinalysis values:
Normal microurinalysis values:
Oliguria values?
anuria values?
<0.5ml/kg/hr
0ml/kg/hr
Normal urinalysis values:
Normal microurinalysis values:
22 terms
8506 CHEM 201 Unit 02 [2015] RENAL SYSTEM (Kidney Physiology)
What are important physiological compo…
What are the most practical tests in e…
What is most of clinical laboratory in…
What is the renal clearance?
the GFR, renal blood flow and glomerular permeability
determining clearances of various compounds to estimate estim…
measurement of the clearance of some substance/marker by the…
the volume of plasma from which the substance is COMPLETELY c…
What are important physiological compo…
the GFR, renal blood flow and glomerular permeability
What are the most practical tests in e…
determining clearances of various compounds to estimate estim…
56 terms
NPB 10 Final Lecture 12 (Kidney/Renal System)
How liters of filtrate do we produce p…
What does the kidney produce?
What is a nephron?
What is filtration?
180 Liters
filtrate
It is the primary unit of filtration and urine production
the process in which we create a watery solution (filtrate) i…
How liters of filtrate do we produce p…
180 Liters
What does the kidney produce?
filtrate
Chapter 9: Renal Genitourinary System (kidney disease and stress incontinence)
Kidney Disease (KD): Risk factors
Txt for renal disease
Impact on performance skills/and clien…
Impact on performance in areas of occu…
- Diabetes: can contribute to development of nephrotic syndro…
Prevention, early intervention and control of HTN: ... -Diet... -Me…
-Motor dysfunction: fatigue, muscle pain, edema limiting mobi…
-alteration in urination ... -need for meticulous sanitary techn…
Kidney Disease (KD): Risk factors
- Diabetes: can contribute to development of nephrotic syndro…
Txt for renal disease
Prevention, early intervention and control of HTN: ... -Diet... -Me…
44 terms
Lewis ch. 45,46,47 Urinary System, Renal and Urologic Problems, Acute Kidney Injury and Chronic Kidney Disease
costovertebral angle (CVA)
creatinine
cystometrogram
cystoscopy
one of two angles that outline a space over the kidneys that…
waste product produced by muscle breakdown commonly found in…
study performed to measure the pressure exerted against the b…
inspection of the interior of the bladder with a tubular ligh…
costovertebral angle (CVA)
one of two angles that outline a space over the kidneys that…
creatinine
waste product produced by muscle breakdown commonly found in…
19 terms
Renal: Kidney biopsy
Goodpasture Syndrome
Post-strep GN
IgA nephropathy/Berger disease... (HSP)
Goodpasture Syndrome
IF: Linear pattern of IgG deposition... (anti-glomerular BM an…
Lumpy-bumpy deposits (sub-endothelial) of IgG, IgM, c3 in the…
Deposits of IgA in the mesangium
Anti-GBM antibodies, hematuria, hemoptysis
Goodpasture Syndrome
IF: Linear pattern of IgG deposition... (anti-glomerular BM an…
Post-strep GN
Lumpy-bumpy deposits (sub-endothelial) of IgG, IgM, c3 in the…
17 terms
Pathology--Kidney (renal cancer)
hematuria, palpable mass, and flank pain
associated with Tuberous sclerosis
arise from the EPITHELIAL CELLS of PCT
paraneoplastic syndrome renal cell car…
renal cell carcinoma
angiomyolipoma
renal cell carcinoma
PTHrP... EPO... Renin... ACTH
hematuria, palpable mass, and flank pain
renal cell carcinoma
associated with Tuberous sclerosis
angiomyolipoma
27 terms
Kidney/Renal lectures
List the five major components of the…
State the major functions of the kidney.
What hormones are synthesized by the k…
Kidney disease (acute and chronic)
-Glomerulus... -Proximal tubule... -Loop of Henle... -Distal tubule... -C…
-Excretion... -Endocrine... -Homeostatic regulation
Erythropoietin, Renin, Growth hormone, Prostaglandins and Thr…
Chronic kidney disease: ... -More likely to progress to ESRD... -4…
List the five major components of the…
-Glomerulus... -Proximal tubule... -Loop of Henle... -Distal tubule... -C…
State the major functions of the kidney.
-Excretion... -Endocrine... -Homeostatic regulation
18 terms
Renal/Kidney Anatomy
renal papilla
renal column
renal corpuscle
distal convoluted tubule
renal papilla
renal column
20 terms
Renal - Cystic Kidney Diseases and Tumors
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney d…
ADPKD... 1. Adults... 2. 2 genes... 3. Polycyst…
The growth of the cysts leads to the c…
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney…
What condition is seen here?... How many gene mutations are inv…
What are the differences between autosomal dominant and autos…
What is the proposed mechanism of renal failure in ADPKD?... Ho…
What cystic kidney condition is seen here?... What gene mutatio…
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney d…
What condition is seen here?... How many gene mutations are inv…
ADPKD... 1. Adults... 2. 2 genes... 3. Polycyst…
What are the differences between autosomal dominant and autos…
24 terms
Kidney-Nephron-Renal Corpuscle
kidney
renal artery
renal vein
renal hilus
C
D
kidney
renal artery
C
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