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Study sets matching "kinesiology chapter 13"

94 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13
Thumb
CMC MCP IP
Trapezium
Saddle
The IP joint is only found in the ______.
Name the 3 joints of the thumb
Which carpal bone is at the base of the thumb?
What type of joint is the thumb CMC joint?
Thumb
The IP joint is only found in the ______.
CMC MCP IP
Name the 3 joints of the thumb
47 terms
Chapter 13 Hand Kinesiology
Hand is
1st Digit, the Thumb has:
Carpometacarpal (CMC) Joint
Carpometacarpal Joint is
Distal end of the upper extremity.
3 Joints: Carpometacarpal, Metacarpophalangeal, Interphalangeal
-made up of trapezium bone, which articulates with the base o…
- a Saddle Joint, both surfaces convex and concave, concave p…
Hand is
Distal end of the upper extremity.
1st Digit, the Thumb has:
3 Joints: Carpometacarpal, Metacarpophalangeal, Interphalangeal
34 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13 Hand
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
Thumb abduction
Thumb adduction
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
82 terms
Chapter 13 Hand Kinesiology
Hand is
1st Digit, the Thumb has:
Carpometacarpal (CMC) Joint
Carpometacarpal Joint is
Distal end of the upper extremity.
3 Joints: Carpometacarpal, Metacarpophalangeal, Interphalangeal
-made up of trapezium bone, which articulates with the base o…
- a Saddle Joint, both surfaces convex and concave, concave p…
Hand is
Distal end of the upper extremity.
1st Digit, the Thumb has:
3 Joints: Carpometacarpal, Metacarpophalangeal, Interphalangeal
34 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13 Hand
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
Thumb abduction
Thumb adduction
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
21 terms
KINESIOLOGY CHAPTER 13
Tendonitis
Tendonosis
Sprain
Strain
inflammation of the tendon.
degeneration of the tendons (chronic)
ligaments
tendons and muscles
Tendonitis
inflammation of the tendon.
Tendonosis
degeneration of the tendons (chronic)
30 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13
How many vertebra are in the cervical…
How many vertebra are in the Thoracic…
How many vertebra are in the Lumbar re…
What is it called when your back is co…
7
12
5
Kyphotic (kyphosis)
How many vertebra are in the cervical…
7
How many vertebra are in the Thoracic…
12
34 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13 Hand
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
Thumb abduction
Thumb adduction
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
39 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13
achievement motivation
anxiety
arousal
attribution theory
an athlete's predisposition to approach or avoid a competitiv…
the tension and worry that result from distress
a physiological state of readiness and psychological activation
a cognitive approach to motivation assuming that people striv…
achievement motivation
an athlete's predisposition to approach or avoid a competitiv…
anxiety
the tension and worry that result from distress
39 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13
achievement motivation
anxiety
arousal
attribution theory
an athlete's predisposition to approach or avoid a competitiv…
the tension and worry that result from distress
a physiological state of readiness and psychological activation
a cognitive approach to motivation assuming that people striv…
achievement motivation
an athlete's predisposition to approach or avoid a competitiv…
anxiety
the tension and worry that result from distress
26 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13 Hand
CMC joint
Flexion and Extension of thumb
Abduction and Adduction of thumb
DIP joints
made up of the trapezium bone, which articulates with the bas…
occur in plane parallel to the palm.
Occur in plane perpendicular to palm.
CMC joint
made up of the trapezium bone, which articulates with the bas…
Flexion and Extension of thumb
occur in plane parallel to the palm.
91 terms
Kinesiology - Chapter 13 - Hand
Extension reposition
Flexion
Opposition
Adduction
A. ___ and ___
B. ___ ... occur in plane parallel to the palm ?!?!
C. ___
D. ___... parallel with palm
Extension reposition
A. ___ and ___
Flexion
B. ___ ... occur in plane parallel to the palm ?!?!
27 terms
Kinesiology: chapter 13
What is a "mover"
Two ways that a muscle can shorten
For every _____ _________, a functiona…
What is the most powerful mover?
a muscle that can do the action in question
- Concentrically contract... - Relax
- Joint action
prime movers
What is a "mover"
a muscle that can do the action in question
Two ways that a muscle can shorten
- Concentrically contract... - Relax
14 terms
Kinesiology: Chapter 13
torque
moment arm
couple
lever
the rotary effect of a force about an axis of rotation, measu…
shortest (perpendicular) distance between a force's line of a…
pair of equal, oppositely directed forces that act on opposit…
a simple machine consisting of a relatively rigid, bar like b…
torque
the rotary effect of a force about an axis of rotation, measu…
moment arm
shortest (perpendicular) distance between a force's line of a…
34 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13 Hand
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
Thumb abduction
Thumb adduction
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
25 terms
Intro to Kinesiology - Chapter 13
Factors that affect development of mov…
Cognitive stage of learning
Associative stage of learning
Autonomous stage of learning
Start at a young age, learning time, instructor, equipment, a…
Stage of learning where the learner cognitively determines wh…
Stage of learning that focuses on performing and refining the…
Stage of learning where performance is automatic and very pro…
Factors that affect development of mov…
Start at a young age, learning time, instructor, equipment, a…
Cognitive stage of learning
Stage of learning where the learner cognitively determines wh…
34 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13 Hand
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
Thumb abduction
Thumb adduction
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
57 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13: Hand
Joints of the thumb
CMC (Thumb) anatomical position
CMC (Thumb) motions
What type of joint is the CMC (Thumb)?
Carpometacarpal (CMC), Metacarpophalangeal (MCP), Interphalan…
Trapezium bone, articulating with the base of the first metac…
Flexion and extension, abduction and adduction, opposition an…
Saddle
Joints of the thumb
Carpometacarpal (CMC), Metacarpophalangeal (MCP), Interphalan…
CMC (Thumb) anatomical position
Trapezium bone, articulating with the base of the first metac…
29 terms
Intro to Kinesiology Chapter 13
Diagnosis
Placement
Prediction
Motivation
the process of identifying deficiencies or weaknesses in subj…
Grouping individuals together who share a certain characteris…
the process of predicting future events from specialized tests.
psychological entity required by most individuals in order to…
Diagnosis
the process of identifying deficiencies or weaknesses in subj…
Placement
Grouping individuals together who share a certain characteris…
17 terms
Chapter 13 kinesiology
Pathogens
Epidemic
Pandemic
Virulent
Found in air and food and on nearly every object or person
A disease outbreak that affects many people in a community or…
Global epidemic of a disease
Strong enough to overcome hot resistance and cause disease
Pathogens
Found in air and food and on nearly every object or person
Epidemic
A disease outbreak that affects many people in a community or…
34 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13 Hand - Copied
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
Thumb abduction
Thumb adduction
Thumb flexion
Thumb extension
48 terms
Kinesiology: Chapter 13 "Hand" - Joints and Muscles
Carpal Bones of the Hand
Jts of the Thumb (3)
Thumb - Carpometacarpal (CMC)
Thumb - Carpometacarpal (CMC) - def
Scaphoid (So)... Lunate (Long)... Triquetrum (To)... Pisiform (Pinky)…
Digit I (Thumb) = CMC, MCP, IP joints
Trapezium articulates w/ MC 1
* Saddle Jt (both convex & concave)... * Allows accessory motion…
Carpal Bones of the Hand
Scaphoid (So)... Lunate (Long)... Triquetrum (To)... Pisiform (Pinky)…
Jts of the Thumb (3)
Digit I (Thumb) = CMC, MCP, IP joints
16 terms
Chapter 13 - Kinesiology
Psychoactive Drugs
Addictive Behavior
Ethyl
Proof
can alter a person's state of consciousness
is any habit that has gotten out of control, resulting in a n…
is the psychoactive ingredient in alcoholic beverages
is the term for the concentration of alcohol
Psychoactive Drugs
can alter a person's state of consciousness
Addictive Behavior
is any habit that has gotten out of control, resulting in a n…
34 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13
Sensation
Interpretation
Execution
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Where is the ball going?
If the ball is moving left, what do I have to do to stop it?
Which muscles do I need to use, when do I have to activate th…
Includes sensory nerves that tell CNS about the current state…
Sensation
Where is the ball going?
Interpretation
If the ball is moving left, what do I have to do to stop it?
23 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13: The Hand
What are the bones of the hand and fin…
What is special about the thumb in ter…
What motions does the Carpometacarpal…
Briefly explain the movements Oppositi…
Carpals, Metacarpals, Proximal Phalanges, Intermediate Phalan…
The thumb does not have an Intermediate Phalange
Flexion, Extension, Abduction, Adduction, Opposition, Reposit…
Opposition is when the thumb bends over the palm to touch the…
What are the bones of the hand and fin…
Carpals, Metacarpals, Proximal Phalanges, Intermediate Phalan…
What is special about the thumb in ter…
The thumb does not have an Intermediate Phalange
44 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13
Linea Alba
Intervertebral disks
Commonly known referred to as "herniat…
substantial weakening combined with co…
running vertically through the xiphoid process through the um…
located in between and adhering to the articular cartilage of…
herniated nucleus pulposus
the nucleus protruding through the annulus
Linea Alba
running vertically through the xiphoid process through the um…
Intervertebral disks
located in between and adhering to the articular cartilage of…
48 terms
Kinesiology: Chapter 13 "Hand" - Joints and Muscles
Carpal Bones of the Hand
Jts of the Thumb (3)
Thumb - Carpometacarpal (CMC)
Thumb - Carpometacarpal (CMC) - def
Scaphoid (So)... Lunate (Long)... Triquetrum (To)... Pisiform (Pinky)…
Digit I (Thumb) = CMC, MCP, IP joints
Trapezium articulates w/ MC 1
* Saddle Jt (both convex & concave)... * Allows accessory motion…
Carpal Bones of the Hand
Scaphoid (So)... Lunate (Long)... Triquetrum (To)... Pisiform (Pinky)…
Jts of the Thumb (3)
Digit I (Thumb) = CMC, MCP, IP joints
51 terms
kinesiology chapter 13 muscles of the hand
Muscles hand divided two groups
extrinsic
Intrinsic (inside)
Three types INTRINSIC muscles
extrinsic ... intrinsic
located /ANTERIOR/POSTERIOR of the forearm FORCEFUL grip
located withing the hand itself FINE MOTOR CONTROL precision…
1-Thenar muscles... flexor/move the thumb... 2-Hypothenar muscles... a…
Muscles hand divided two groups
extrinsic ... intrinsic
extrinsic
located /ANTERIOR/POSTERIOR of the forearm FORCEFUL grip
45 terms
KINESIOLOGY (CHAPTER 13) MASTICATION AND VENTILATION
MASTICATION
PROCESS OF MASTICATION
(TMJ)
MOVEMENT OF (TMJ)
the process of chewing, tearing, grinding food with the teeth
involves the interaction of muscles mastication, teeth, tongu…
is the articulation between mandibular condyle and mandibular…
chewing, speaking, swallowing...... depression/elevation... lateral…
MASTICATION
the process of chewing, tearing, grinding food with the teeth
PROCESS OF MASTICATION
involves the interaction of muscles mastication, teeth, tongu…
31 terms
Kinesiology chapter 13 Hand
CMC joint
PIP joint
DIP joint
Flexor retinaculum
-non axial plane (irregular) synovial... *more stability than mo…
proximal joints
distal joint
-Fibrous band that spans the anterior wrist... -runs mediolatera…
CMC joint
-non axial plane (irregular) synovial... *more stability than mo…
PIP joint
proximal joints
40 terms
Kinesiology chapter 13 & 14
Which of the following muscles attache…
Which malleolus at the ankle joint is…
How many tarsal bones are found in the…
Which of the following tarsal bones se…
peroneus brevis
lateral
7
talus
Which of the following muscles attache…
peroneus brevis
Which malleolus at the ankle joint is…
lateral
24 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13: The Hand
What are the bones of the hand and fin…
What is special about the thumb in ter…
What motions does the Carpometacarpal…
Briefly explain the movements Oppositi…
Carpals, Metacarpals, Proximal Phalanges, Intermediate Phalan…
The thumb does not have an Intermediate Phalange
Flexion, Extension, Abduction, Adduction, Opposition, Reposit…
Opposition is when the thumb bends over the palm to touch the…
What are the bones of the hand and fin…
Carpals, Metacarpals, Proximal Phalanges, Intermediate Phalan…
What is special about the thumb in ter…
The thumb does not have an Intermediate Phalange
145 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 13 Knee
what attaches to adductor tubercle?
medial condyle versus lateral condyle…
what is a function of the tibia?
is the medial condyle of tibia concave…
adductor magnus
medial condyle is curved and slightly larger while lateral is…
weight transfer
slightly concave
what attaches to adductor tubercle?
adductor magnus
medial condyle versus lateral condyle…
medial condyle is curved and slightly larger while lateral is…
10 terms
Kinesiology: Chapter 13 (Hand)
Power Grip
Precision Grip
MCP Motions
Longitudinal Carpal Arch
Used when an object must be held forcefully while being moved…
Used when an object must be manipulated in a finer type movem…
The MCP joint is a hinge joint that allows only flexion and e…
begins at the wrist and runs the length of the metacarpal and…
Power Grip
Used when an object must be held forcefully while being moved…
Precision Grip
Used when an object must be manipulated in a finer type movem…
27 terms
Kinesiology: chapter 13
What is a "mover"
Two ways that a muscle can shorten
For every _____ _________, a functiona…
What is the most powerful mover?
a muscle that can do the action in question
- Concentrically contract... - Relax
- Joint action
prime movers
What is a "mover"
a muscle that can do the action in question
Two ways that a muscle can shorten
- Concentrically contract... - Relax
36 terms
Chapter 13/ The hand/ Kinesiology
What are the three joints of the thumb?
Describe the Carpometacarpal Joint (CMC)
Metacarpal Phalangeal Joint (MCP)
Proximal Interpahlangeal Joint (PIP)
The carpometacarpal (CMC) joint; metacarpophalangeal (MCP) jo…
Articulation between CARPALS and METACARPALS of the fingers.…
Biaxial ... Flexion/ extension... abduction/ adduction... middle finge…
Uniaxial hinge joint ... flexion/ extension
What are the three joints of the thumb?
The carpometacarpal (CMC) joint; metacarpophalangeal (MCP) jo…
Describe the Carpometacarpal Joint (CMC)
Articulation between CARPALS and METACARPALS of the fingers.…
19 terms
Kinesiology chapter 13 test
Osteoblasts
Closed fracture
Open fracture
Callus
Provide bone growth and repair
Little or no movement or displacement of the broken bones
There is enough displacement of the fractured ends that the b…
Extra bone formation
Osteoblasts
Provide bone growth and repair
Closed fracture
Little or no movement or displacement of the broken bones
10 terms
Kinesiology 101 Chapter 13: Sports Careers
The Sport Enterprise (2003)
Sport Spectator Interest
Sports and the Media
Sport Management
Sales of sport apparel totaled $2.8 billion... Sales of athletic…
Attendance at sports events is rising and approaching all-tim…
Networks paid $17.6 billion to the NFL for broadcast rights t…
... study and practice involved in relation to all people, ac…
The Sport Enterprise (2003)
Sales of sport apparel totaled $2.8 billion... Sales of athletic…
Sport Spectator Interest
Attendance at sports events is rising and approaching all-tim…
15 terms
Kinesiology 266: Chapter 13 Soft tissue response
Soft Tissue Healing
Inflammatory Response phase
Signs of tissue infection - SHARP
Tissue Healing vs Tissue Infection
1) inflammatory response phase... 2) fibroblastic repair phase…
1) results in altered metabolism and release of materials tha…
Swelling... Heat... Ache... Redness... Puss
will see signs of infection within 8-48 hours
Soft Tissue Healing
1) inflammatory response phase... 2) fibroblastic repair phase…
Inflammatory Response phase
1) results in altered metabolism and release of materials tha…
10 terms
Kinesiology Final Exam: Chapter 13
Self-esteem
Factors that contribute to self-esteem
External vs. Internal attributions
Stable vs. Unstable attributions
...
...
...
...
Self-esteem
...
Factors that contribute to self-esteem
...
51 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 8
Mechanics
Statics
Dynamics
Kinetics
The branch of physics dealing with the study of forces and th…
Deals with factors associated with non-moving or nearly non-m…
Deals with factors associated with moving systems.
Deals with forces causing movement in a system.
Mechanics
The branch of physics dealing with the study of forces and th…
Statics
Deals with factors associated with non-moving or nearly non-m…
9 terms
Chapter 13: Kinesiology Hand Extrinsic Muscles Nomenclature
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
Flexor Digitorum Profundus
Flexor Pollicis Longus
Abductor Pollicis Longus
O: Common flexor tendon of medial epicondyle ... I: Sides of the…
O: Upper 3/4 of the ulna ... I: Distal phalanx of the four finge…
O: Upper radius, anterior surface ... I: Distal phalanx of the t…
O: Posterior radius and middle ulna, interosseous membrane... I:…
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
O: Common flexor tendon of medial epicondyle ... I: Sides of the…
Flexor Digitorum Profundus
O: Upper 3/4 of the ulna ... I: Distal phalanx of the four finge…
50 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 1
Anatomical position
Fundamental position
Medial
Lateral
Anterior view, palms supinated, arms slightly away from side
Anterior view, palms face medially, arms straight down at side
Toward the midline of the body
Away from the midline
Anatomical position
Anterior view, palms supinated, arms slightly away from side
Fundamental position
Anterior view, palms face medially, arms straight down at side
23 terms
Kinesiology CH13
motions of the pelvis at the lumbrosac…
Femur:
Femur composed of:
Acetabulum means
1. medial/lateral rotation (transverse plane)... 2. ... 3. Elevatio…
major weight bearing bone, strongest bone in body, naturally…
head, neck and shaft.
"socket," deep cup
motions of the pelvis at the lumbrosac…
1. medial/lateral rotation (transverse plane)... 2. ... 3. Elevatio…
Femur:
major weight bearing bone, strongest bone in body, naturally…
157 terms
Kinesiology Chapter 4
Clavicle
Coracoid process
Glenoid cavity
Inferior angle
Name this entire bone.
Name this specific part of the scapula.
Name this specific part of the scapula.
Name this specific part of the scapula.
Clavicle
Name this entire bone.
Coracoid process
Name this specific part of the scapula.
93 terms
Chapter 13: Kinesiology Hand Part 1
grasp, grip
sensory
CNS
proprioceptive receptors
hand functions in ______ and ______
there are many ______ receptors in the hand and is very impor…
gripping and grasping things are continuously monitored by th…
allows us to recognize objects in our hands without looking a…
grasp, grip
hand functions in ______ and ______
sensory
there are many ______ receptors in the hand and is very impor…
71 terms
Chapter 13: Kinesiology Hand Part 2
intrinsic muscles
intrinsic muscles
thenar, deep palm, hypothenar
thenar muscles
these muscles have a proximal attachment at or distal to the…
these muscles are responsible for the hands fine motor contro…
the three groups of muscles involved in the intrinsic muscles…
these muscles are those function to move thumb, they form the…
intrinsic muscles
these muscles have a proximal attachment at or distal to the…
intrinsic muscles
these muscles are responsible for the hands fine motor contro…
39 terms
Kinesiology Ch13 Hand Muscles
flexor digitorum superficialis
flexor digitorum profundus muscle
flexor pollicis longus muscle
Abductor Pollicis Longus Muscle
O: Common flexor tendon on the medial epicondyle, coronoid pr…
O: Upper three-fourths of the ulna... I: Distal phalanx of the f…
O: Radius, anterior surface ... I: Distal phalanx of thumb... A: Fl…
O: Posterior radius, interosseous membrane, middle ulna... I: Ba…
flexor digitorum superficialis
O: Common flexor tendon on the medial epicondyle, coronoid pr…
flexor digitorum profundus muscle
O: Upper three-fourths of the ulna... I: Distal phalanx of the f…
51 terms
kinesiology chp 13
what determines contraction type
Muscles may shorten or lengthen in the…
concentric contractions
Eccentric contraction
whethter the muscle is lengthening or shortening during movem…
passive movement caused by other contracting muscles, momentu…
shortening contraction of muscles against gravity or resistance
muscle lengthens under tension to control the joints moving w…
what determines contraction type
whethter the muscle is lengthening or shortening during movem…
Muscles may shorten or lengthen in the…
passive movement caused by other contracting muscles, momentu…
10 terms
Chapter 13: Kinesiology Hand Part 2 Nomenclature
Flexor Pollicis Brevis
Abductor Pollicis Brevis
Opponens Pollicis
Adductor Pollicis
O: Flexor Retinaculum ... I: proximal phalanx of the thumb ... N: M…
O: Flexor Retinaculm ... I: proximal phalanx of the thumb ... I: Me…
O: Flexor Retinaculum ... I: first metacarpal ... N: Median Nerve…
O: third metacarpal ... I: base of the proximal phalanx of thumb…
Flexor Pollicis Brevis
O: Flexor Retinaculum ... I: proximal phalanx of the thumb ... N: M…
Abductor Pollicis Brevis
O: Flexor Retinaculm ... I: proximal phalanx of the thumb ... I: Me…
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