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Study sets matching "kinetic theory matter"

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Study sets matching "kinetic theory matter"

14 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
Matter
The movement of atoms determines the f…
Matter changes form
Heat energy causes
Made up of atoms
Solid,liquid, gas and plasma
Physical change
Matter to change form
Matter
Made up of atoms
The movement of atoms determines the f…
Solid,liquid, gas and plasma
17 terms
Matter and Kinetic Theory
Absolute zero
Boiling point
Brownian motion
Condensation
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
The temperature of a liquid where its vapor pressure equals t…
The constant, random motion of tiny chunks of matter.
The process where gaseous particles come together, that is, c…
Absolute zero
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
Boiling point
The temperature of a liquid where its vapor pressure equals t…
9 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter review
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Temperature
Kinetic Theory
The ability to cause change or do work
Energy of motion
A measure of the average kinetic (energy of motion) of partic…
a theory that the temperature of a substance increases with a…
Energy
The ability to cause change or do work
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion
14 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
Matter
The movement of atoms determines the f…
Matter changes form
Heat energy causes
Made up of atoms
Solid,liquid, gas and plasma
Physical change
Matter to change form
Matter
Made up of atoms
The movement of atoms determines the f…
Solid,liquid, gas and plasma
17 terms
Matter and Kinetic Theory
Absolute zero
Boiling point
Brownian motion
Condensation
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
The temperature of a liquid where its vapor pressure equals t…
The constant, random motion of tiny chunks of matter.
The process where gaseous particles come together, that is, c…
Absolute zero
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
Boiling point
The temperature of a liquid where its vapor pressure equals t…
20 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
Matter
The energy level (of atoms/molecules)…
Matter keeps its identity
Matter changes its identity
Made up of atoms
Solid, liquid, gas
Physical change
Chemical change
Matter
Made up of atoms
The energy level (of atoms/molecules)…
Solid, liquid, gas
17 terms
Matter and Kinetic Theory
Absolute zero
Boiling point
Condensation
Diffusion
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
The temperature of a liquid where its vapor pressure equals t…
The process where gaseous particles come together, that is, c…
The process by which a gas enters a container and fills it, o…
Absolute zero
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
Boiling point
The temperature of a liquid where its vapor pressure equals t…
20 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Plasma
Gas
Liquid
the idea that all matter is made up of molecules that are in…
A state of matter similar to gas in which a certain portion o…
a state of matter where the molecules are heated.
a state of matter where the molecules are slowly moving around
Kinetic Theory of Matter
the idea that all matter is made up of molecules that are in…
Plasma
A state of matter similar to gas in which a certain portion o…
20 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Plasma
Gas
Liquid
the idea that all matter is made up of molecules that are in…
A state of matter similar to gas in which a certain portion o…
a state of matter where the molecules are heated.
a state of matter where the molecules are slowly moving around
Kinetic Theory of Matter
the idea that all matter is made up of molecules that are in…
Plasma
A state of matter similar to gas in which a certain portion o…
27 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Diffusion
-particles regular pattern... -all touching... -vibrate in fixed po…
-particles irregular & random... -all touching... -freely moving... -c…
-particles random... -far apart... -quickly moving... -can be compress…
Movement of particles from a high concentration to a low conc…
Solid
-particles regular pattern... -all touching... -vibrate in fixed po…
Liquid
-particles irregular & random... -all touching... -freely moving... -c…
27 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
kinetic energy
temperature
heat
matter
Energy that an object has due to its motion
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
Energy that transfers from one object to another because of a…
Anything that has mass and volume
kinetic energy
Energy that an object has due to its motion
temperature
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
17 terms
Matter and Kinetic Theory
Absolute zero
Boiling point
Brownian motion
Condensation
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
The temperature of a liquid where its vapor pressure equals t…
The constant, random motion of tiny chunks of matter.
The process where gaseous particles come together, that is, c…
Absolute zero
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
Boiling point
The temperature of a liquid where its vapor pressure equals t…
47 terms
States of Matter~Kinetic Theory
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Plasma
Have a definite volume... Have a definite shape... Have a definite…
have a definite volume... No definite shape; takes the shape of…
No definite shape... No definite volume... Definite mass... All bonds…
-Plasma is a gas made of electrons and ions. ... -Normally atoms…
Solids
Have a definite volume... Have a definite shape... Have a definite…
Liquids
have a definite volume... No definite shape; takes the shape of…
42 terms
the kinetic- molecular theory of matter
kinetic-molecular theory
kinetic- molecular theory of gases
assumption 1
assumption 2
based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
The particles of a gas are very far apart, and the empty spac…
Gases consist of large number or tiny particles that are far…
Collisions between gas particles and between particles and co…
kinetic-molecular theory
based on the idea that particles of matter are always in motion
kinetic- molecular theory of gases
The particles of a gas are very far apart, and the empty spac…
26 terms
Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter
Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter
Ideal Gas
Elastic collision
Diffusion
based on the idea that particles of all matter are always in…
hypothetical gas that exists according to the 5 assumptions o…
when particles collide there is no net loss of energy (energy…
spreading out of particles from an area of high concentration…
Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter
based on the idea that particles of all matter are always in…
Ideal Gas
hypothetical gas that exists according to the 5 assumptions o…
9 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Melting
Vaporization
- state of matter with definite shape and volume
- state of matter with definite volume but NOT definite shape
- change of state from solid to liquid by adding heat
- change of state from liquid to gas by adding heat. AKA: eva…
Solid
- state of matter with definite shape and volume
Liquid
- state of matter with definite volume but NOT definite shape
14 terms
Kinetic molecular theory of matter
kinetic energy
temperature
liquid
gas
Energy of motion
A measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
a substance with defined volume and an undefined shape
a substance with an undefined volume and shape
kinetic energy
Energy of motion
temperature
A measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
20 terms
States of Matter & Kinetic Theory
solid
liquid
gas
atom
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume
matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape
matter that does not have a definite shape or definite volume
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
solid
matter that has a definite shape and a definite volume
liquid
matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape
40 terms
Classification of Matter and Kinetic Theory
Matter
States of Matter
Properties of Solids
Properties of Liquids
Anything that occupies and has mass.
Solid, liquid, gas.
Have definite volume and definite shape. Particles occupy rel…
Have definite volume and take the shape of the container. Par…
Matter
Anything that occupies and has mass.
States of Matter
Solid, liquid, gas.
15 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
John Dalton
Atoms
Molecules
Atomic theory of matter
Early 1800s British scientist who proposed the idea of atoms
Extremely small particles that makes up all matter
Formations made by combining atoms
Provides the basis for scientific understanding of all matter
John Dalton
Early 1800s British scientist who proposed the idea of atoms
Atoms
Extremely small particles that makes up all matter
25 terms
The Kinetic Theory of Matter
Absolute zero
Amorphous solid
Boiling point
Brownian motion
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
A substance with a haphazard, disjointed, and incomplete crys…
The temperature of a liquid where its vapor pressure equals t…
The constant, random motion of tiny chunks of matter.
Absolute zero
The temperature below which a substance would have zero kinet…
Amorphous solid
A substance with a haphazard, disjointed, and incomplete crys…
34 terms
Kinetic Theory and Matter
Kinetic theory states:
Take the shape of their container
Can be compressed
Readily diffuses through other gases
1. Rapid random straight line motion... 2. Attraction and repuls…
Constant random motion... Negligible forces of attraction... Spread…
Negligible volume... Widely spaced
Constant random motion... Negligible forces of attraction... Widely…
Kinetic theory states:
1. Rapid random straight line motion... 2. Attraction and repuls…
Take the shape of their container
Constant random motion... Negligible forces of attraction... Spread…
21 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Mass
volume
matter
gas
the amount of matter that makes up something
amount of space matter takes up
mass and volume
matter in object
Mass
the amount of matter that makes up something
volume
amount of space matter takes up
37 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
Mass
volume
matter
Faster
the amount of matter that makes up something
amount of space somthing takes up
anyting that has mass and volume
wen you add energy to matter
Mass
the amount of matter that makes up something
volume
amount of space somthing takes up
15 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
gases
solids
solids
solids
________ molecules are far apart from each other
noncompressible
diffuse very slowly
can melt when heated
gases
________ molecules are far apart from each other
solids
noncompressible
13 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
KMT
KMT of gases
Properties of gases resulting from the…
STP
Theory that matter is composed of particles in motion and tha…
1. Gases are made up of molecules with lots of empty space be…
1.Expansion-no definite shape or definite volume... 2.fluidity-…
Standard temperature pressure
KMT
Theory that matter is composed of particles in motion and tha…
KMT of gases
1. Gases are made up of molecules with lots of empty space be…
22 terms
Matter/Kinetic Theory
Substance
Element
Compound
Solution
Type of matter with a fixed composition.
Substance with atoms of the same identity.
Substance with atoms of two or more elements combined.
homogeneous mixture of particles so small that they cannot be…
Substance
Type of matter with a fixed composition.
Element
Substance with atoms of the same identity.
8 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Mass
Volume
Matter
Kinetic Molecular Theory
The amount of matter that makes up something
The amount of space that a material takes up
Anything that has mass and volume
How particles act when their spacing and movement change
Mass
The amount of matter that makes up something
Volume
The amount of space that a material takes up
42 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Solid
What does Kinetic Theory of Matter exp…
Liquid
What do intermolecular forces like dip…
A rigid material that has a definite shape. Particles are clo…
It explains the differences between solids liquids and gases
Flowing matter with definite volume but it in definite shape.…
They maintain value but not shape
Solid
A rigid material that has a definite shape. Particles are clo…
What does Kinetic Theory of Matter exp…
It explains the differences between solids liquids and gases
15 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
Thermal energy
Freezing/melting point
Freezing
Melting
The internal of a substance it is tje sum of its kinetic and…
The temp where a substance changes between a solid/liquid
Substance goes from liquid to solid by removing heat
Sunstance goes from solid to liquid by adding heat
Thermal energy
The internal of a substance it is tje sum of its kinetic and…
Freezing/melting point
The temp where a substance changes between a solid/liquid
30 terms
KINETIC THEORY OF MATTER TEST
melting point
allotropes
phase
phase diagram
the temperature at which a solid changes into a liquid
two or more different molecular forms of the same element in…
two states of matter coexisting together
the relationship between 3 states of matter of a substance an…
melting point
the temperature at which a solid changes into a liquid
allotropes
two or more different molecular forms of the same element in…
8 terms
Chemistry: Kinetic Theory of Matter
Matter
Kinetic Particle Theory
Solids
Liquids
All things that occupy space and have mass.
The theory that suggests all matter is made up of small parti…
Closely packed and lattice in arrangement, very strong force…
Closely packed and disorderly in arrangement, strong forces o…
Matter
All things that occupy space and have mass.
Kinetic Particle Theory
The theory that suggests all matter is made up of small parti…
52 terms
Kinetic theory & states of matter
Kinetic refers to
Kinetic theory
All motions stop at
3 assumptions of kinetic theory
Motion
All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
0 K
1. All particles in a gas are small, hard, round spheres with…
Kinetic refers to
Motion
Kinetic theory
All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
35 terms
Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Matter
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Ideal Gases
Elastic Collision
Diffusion
particles and matter are always in motion
hypothetical gasses that perfectly fits all conditions of the…
no loss of kinetic energy
spontaneous mixing of particles for two substances caused by…
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
particles and matter are always in motion
Ideal Gases
hypothetical gasses that perfectly fits all conditions of the…
35 terms
Kinetic-Molecular Theory/States of Matter
The kinetic molecular theory is based…
Gases and their particles
Gas particles and motion
Elastic collisions
Particles are in motion at all times
Large numbers of particles that are far apart relative to the…
Particles are in constant, rapid, random motion... They therefor…
Collisions between gas particles and between particles and co…
The kinetic molecular theory is based…
Particles are in motion at all times
Gases and their particles
Large numbers of particles that are far apart relative to the…
18 terms
Science-Kinetic Theory of Matter
Melting
Freezing
Sublimation
Condensation
Solid to Liquid (Increases)
Liquid to Solid (Decreases)
Solid to Gas
Gas to Liquid (Decreases)
Melting
Solid to Liquid (Increases)
Freezing
Liquid to Solid (Decreases)
28 terms
Kinetic Theory/ Phases of Matter
Gas
Solid
Liquid
Liquid
Had no definite shape or volume
Has definite shape or volume
Has no definite shape but definite volume
"Sliding motion"
Gas
Had no definite shape or volume
Solid
Has definite shape or volume
28 terms
Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Matter
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Ideal gas
Fluidity
Diffusion
Theory based on the idea that particles in matter are always…
Hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of t…
Ability to flow
The spontaneous mixing of the particles of two substances cau…
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Theory based on the idea that particles in matter are always…
Ideal gas
Hypothetical gas that perfectly fits all the assumptions of t…
31 terms
States of Matter and Kinetic Molecular Theory
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Kinetic energy of particles
Fixed volume and shape
Fixed volume and takes on shape of container
Expands to fill whatever volume is available.
Depends on mass and velocity of particles
Solid
Fixed volume and shape
Liquid
Fixed volume and takes on shape of container
11 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter Terms
Kinetic Energy
Condensation
Deposition
Melting
Energy in which it allows an object to move
The changing of a gas to a liquid
The changing of a gas to a solid
The changing of a solid to a liquid
Kinetic Energy
Energy in which it allows an object to move
Condensation
The changing of a gas to a liquid
14 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
Amorphous
Crystal
Normal boiling point
Barometer
Describes a solid that lacks an ordered internal structure
A solid in which the particles are arranged in an orderly rep…
The temperature at which a liquid boils at a pressure of 1 atm
A device used to measure atmospheric pressure
Amorphous
Describes a solid that lacks an ordered internal structure
Crystal
A solid in which the particles are arranged in an orderly rep…
26 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
Gas
heat of fusion
heat of vaporization
absolute zero
__________ (es) are flowing, compressible matter than have no…
The energy that is released as 1 kg of substance at its freez…
______________________ is equal to the energy absorbed when 1…
The temperature at which a substance would have zero kinetic…
Gas
__________ (es) are flowing, compressible matter than have no…
heat of fusion
The energy that is released as 1 kg of substance at its freez…
12 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Plasma
the state of matter in which the volume and the shape of a su…
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
a form a matter that does not have definite volume or shape
the most common state of matter made from a gas that has lost…
Solid
the state of matter in which the volume and the shape of a su…
Liquid
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
27 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
kinetic energy
temperature
heat
matter
Energy that an object has due to its motion
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
Energy that transfers from one object to another because of a…
Anything that has mass and volume
kinetic energy
Energy that an object has due to its motion
temperature
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
38 terms
Kinetic Theory and Matter
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
explanation of how particles in matter behave
temperature of which a solid becomes a liquid
the amount of energy required to change a substance from the…
temperature at which the pressure in of the vapor in the liqu…
kinetic theory
explanation of how particles in matter behave
melting point
temperature of which a solid becomes a liquid
18 terms
kinetic theory of matter
buoyancy
solid
melting
vaporization
the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object…
definite shape and volume
solid to a liquid
liquid to a gas
buoyancy
the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object…
solid
definite shape and volume
14 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Kinetic Theory
Principles of Kinetic Theory
States of Matter
Phase Changes
-All matter is made of particles which are constantly moving…
-Increased temperature means increased motion... -More kinetic e…
-Solid: Phase of matter with particles that are close togethe…
-Transitions between solid, liquid, and gaseous phases involv…
Kinetic Theory
-All matter is made of particles which are constantly moving…
Principles of Kinetic Theory
-Increased temperature means increased motion... -More kinetic e…
37 terms
Kinetic theory of matter
Mass
volume
matter
Faster
the amount of matter that makes up something
amount of space somthing takes up
anyting that has mass and volume
wen you add energy to matter
Mass
the amount of matter that makes up something
volume
amount of space somthing takes up
23 terms
Kinetic Theory of Matter Vocabulary
melting
vaporization
boiling
condensation
A phase change where a solid becomes a liquid
type of boiling, using thermal energy.
A phase change where a liquid becomes a gas
A phase change where a gas becomes a liquid
melting
A phase change where a solid becomes a liquid
vaporization
type of boiling, using thermal energy.
32 terms
Matter and Kinetic Theory
Element
Compound
Mixture
Matter
A substance with atoms that are all alike.
A substance formed with two or more elements in which the exa…
A material made up of two or more substances that can easily…
Has mass and takes up space
Element
A substance with atoms that are all alike.
Compound
A substance formed with two or more elements in which the exa…
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