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Study sets matching "kinetic"

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Study sets matching "kinetic"

21 terms
Kinetic
Kinetics
Collision theory
effective collisions
homogeneous reaction
is the study of the speed with which a chemical reaction occu…
idea that reactant particles must collide for a reaction to o…
The more often reactant molecules collide, the more often the…
it contains only one kind of compound or one element
Kinetics
is the study of the speed with which a chemical reaction occu…
Collision theory
idea that reactant particles must collide for a reaction to o…
8 terms
Kinetic
Kinetic
Kinetic
Kinesiology
Logos
Movement
Relating to movement of bodies
Study of human movement
Word or study
Kinetic
Movement
Kinetic
Relating to movement of bodies
26 terms
Kinetic
Kinetic energy
Kinetic theory
Gas
Gas
Energy of motion
All matter consists of particles in constant motion
Gases are hard spherical particles
There are large distances between gas particles
Kinetic energy
Energy of motion
Kinetic theory
All matter consists of particles in constant motion
26 terms
Kinetic
Pharmaceutics
Biopharmaceutics
Pharmacodynamics
Kinetic homogeneity
General area of study concerned with formulation, manufacture…
Interrelationshipy777 oo between 999 properties of drug dosag…
Relationship between the drug concentration at the site of ac…
Predictable relationship between plasma drug concentration an…
Pharmaceutics
General area of study concerned with formulation, manufacture…
Biopharmaceutics
Interrelationshipy777 oo between 999 properties of drug dosag…
5 terms
kinetic
electrical energy
radiant energy
thermal energy
motion energy
type of energy that can take the form visible light
Energy that travels five waves or particles such as heat or x…
energy directly related to temperature change between and env…
moving object ... is kinetic energy
electrical energy
type of energy that can take the form visible light
radiant energy
Energy that travels five waves or particles such as heat or x…
31 terms
Kinetic
Kinetic theory
Kinetic energy
Johannes vander waal
Real gases
Explains what state a substance will exist in ... Explains behav…
Is the energy an object has because of its motion
Studied real gases and how they deviate from ideal gases
Occupy space... Exert attracted force on eachother polarity ... Do…
Kinetic theory
Explains what state a substance will exist in ... Explains behav…
Kinetic energy
Is the energy an object has because of its motion
98 terms
Kinetics .
slower ; more
strong
increase
more ; greater
the more bonds between reacting atoms in a molecule, the ____…
Substances with _______ bonds (larger bond energies)... will rea…
Chemical reaction with a lot of intermediate steps changes ve…
The __________molecules present, the more collisions occur, t…
slower ; more
the more bonds between reacting atoms in a molecule, the ____…
strong
Substances with _______ bonds (larger bond energies)... will rea…
Kinetic
What is kinetic energy?
What are examples of kinetic energy
What is kinetic energy dependent on?
What is the equation for kinetic energy?
Energy due to movement.
Waves, wind, moving vehicles, basketballs.
Mass and velocity.
Ex=1/2MV squared
What is kinetic energy?
Energy due to movement.
What are examples of kinetic energy
Waves, wind, moving vehicles, basketballs.
15 terms
Kinetics
kinetic theory
adding energy
solid
liquid
1. Everything is made up of small particles... 2. moving randoml…
causes particles to: move faster, spread out and become less…
slowest moving molecules. usually stay at a cold temp, set sh…
faster moving molecules than solids but not extremely fast, n…
kinetic theory
1. Everything is made up of small particles... 2. moving randoml…
adding energy
causes particles to: move faster, spread out and become less…
82 terms
Kinetics .
slower ; more
strong
increase
more ; greater
the more bonds between reacting atoms in a molecule, the ____…
Substances with _______ bonds (larger bond energies)... will rea…
Chemical reaction with a lot of intermediate steps changes ve…
The __________molecules present, the more collisions occur, t…
slower ; more
the more bonds between reacting atoms in a molecule, the ____…
strong
Substances with _______ bonds (larger bond energies)... will rea…
70 terms
KINETICS
-∆[A]
mole ratio
k[A]^m[B]^n
m
Rate(a)= ?/∆t
To find other rates, you can multiply the rate of A by the __…
rate of overall reaction = ?
reaction order with respect to A =
-∆[A]
Rate(a)= ?/∆t
mole ratio
To find other rates, you can multiply the rate of A by the __…
62 terms
Kinetics
The rate of a reaction can be viewed i…
All reaction rates are found by lookin…
Rate of Disappearance/Appearance of a…
When calculating single rates of disap…
1) The rate of disappearance of a reactant... 2) The rate of app…
change in concentration; quickly; rust
•Rate(A) = -Δ[A]/Δt... •Rate(D) = Δ[D]/Δt
negative; negative sign
The rate of a reaction can be viewed i…
1) The rate of disappearance of a reactant... 2) The rate of app…
All reaction rates are found by lookin…
change in concentration; quickly; rust
22 terms
Kinetics
1st order graph
2nd order graph
Arrhenius equation
average kinetic energy
ln[conc] vs. time is a straight line
1/[conc] vs. time is a straight line
k depends on temperature
depends only on the temperature of the gas
1st order graph
ln[conc] vs. time is a straight line
2nd order graph
1/[conc] vs. time is a straight line
38 terms
Kinetics
Anatomy
Physiology
Horizontal axis of rotation
Longitudinal axis of rotation
Study of the structure of an organism and relationship of its…
Study of the function of living organisms and their parts
Sagittal plane of motion; somersault
Transverse plane of motion; pirouette
Anatomy
Study of the structure of an organism and relationship of its…
Physiology
Study of the function of living organisms and their parts
31 terms
Kinetics
What is the scientific symbol used to…
A reaction coordinate diagram plots __…
In the Arrhenius equation, lnk=lnA-Ea/…
What can be obtained by adding the ind…
Ea
energy; reaction progress
rate constant
The overall reaction order.
What is the scientific symbol used to…
Ea
A reaction coordinate diagram plots __…
energy; reaction progress
37 terms
kinetics
homogeneous reaction
heterogeneous reaction
rate
reaction rate
one in which reactants and products are all in the same phase
take place at a surface-at an interface between two different…
the change in some measurable quantity per unit of time
the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit…
homogeneous reaction
one in which reactants and products are all in the same phase
heterogeneous reaction
take place at a surface-at an interface between two different…
43 terms
Kinetics
Kinesiology
Kinetics
Statics
Dynamics
The study of human movement
The forces associated with movement
Situations in which all forces acting on a body are balances…
Bodies subject to unbalanced forces, circumstances where an e…
Kinesiology
The study of human movement
Kinetics
The forces associated with movement
23 terms
Kinetics
Factors that affect reaction rates
Physical state of reactants
Reactant concentrations
Reaction temperature
1. Physical state of reactants ... 2. Reactant concentrations ... 3…
The more readily reactant molecules collide with one another,…
Most chemical reactions proceed faster if the concentration o…
Reaction rates generally increase as temperature increases. I…
Factors that affect reaction rates
1. Physical state of reactants ... 2. Reactant concentrations ... 3…
Physical state of reactants
The more readily reactant molecules collide with one another,…
10 terms
Kinetics
Reaction Rate
Rate Law
Rate constant
First Order Reactions
The change in concentration per unit of time measured in molL…
The relationship between the concentration of the reactants a…
The proportionality constant which relates rate to the concen…
The rate is directly proportional to the concentration of the…
Reaction Rate
The change in concentration per unit of time measured in molL…
Rate Law
The relationship between the concentration of the reactants a…
31 terms
Kinetics
What is the scientific symbol used to…
A reaction coordinate diagram plots __…
In the Arrhenius equation, lnk=lnA-Ea/…
What can be obtained by adding the ind…
Ea
energy; reaction progress
rate constant
The overall reaction order.
What is the scientific symbol used to…
Ea
A reaction coordinate diagram plots __…
energy; reaction progress
16 terms
Kinetics
Factors affecting reaction rates
Physical state of reactants
Concentration of reactants
Temperature
1. Physical state of reactants... 2. Concentration of reactants…
More homogenous mixture = faster rxn... -Reaction can occur quic…
Concentration increases = probability of collision increases…
High temperatures = faster run b/c molecules:... -Have more KE... -…
Factors affecting reaction rates
1. Physical state of reactants... 2. Concentration of reactants…
Physical state of reactants
More homogenous mixture = faster rxn... -Reaction can occur quic…
19 terms
kinetics
kinetics
collision theory
effective collision
homogeneous reaction
the branch of chemistry or biochemistry concerned with measur…
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they mus…
A collision in which the particles meet w/ sufficient energy…
a reaction whose reactants and products exist in a single phase
kinetics
the branch of chemistry or biochemistry concerned with measur…
collision theory
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they mus…
Kinetics
Rate equation
when rate is ∝ to [A]
when rate is ∝ to [B]2
rate concentration graphs
the rate equation for a particular reaction is an equation wh…
1st order reaction wrt [A]
2nd order reaction wrt [B]
...
Rate equation
the rate equation for a particular reaction is an equation wh…
when rate is ∝ to [A]
1st order reaction wrt [A]
12 terms
Kinetics
Collision Theory
Kinetics
Rate of Reaction
Factors that Affect Rate of Reaction
Reactant particles must collide in order for a chemical chang…
The study of RATES of reactions
The speed at which a reactant is use and products formed
1) Increasing the Surface Area... -increases the # of particles…
Collision Theory
Reactant particles must collide in order for a chemical chang…
Kinetics
The study of RATES of reactions
Kinetics
Reaction rates depends on
rate law
rate constant (k)
collision model
1. reactant concentrations... 2. temperature... 3. surface area... 4.…
1. the proportionality constant in the rate law... 2. depends on…
Elementary reactions are mediated... by collisions between molec…
Reaction rates depends on
1. reactant concentrations... 2. temperature... 3. surface area... 4.…
rate law
33 terms
Kinetics
Keq
Rate constant, k
Reaction rate
General rate of reaction
The extent to which a reaction takes place-->the yield of rea…
How fast a reaction takes place under specific conditions dep…
=-Δ[R]/Δt=Δ[P]/Δt... units M/s... Always defined as a positive numb…
For aA+ bB--> cC+ dD... =-(1/a)Δ[A]/Δt=-(1/b)Δ[B]/Δt=(1/c)Δ[C]/…
Keq
The extent to which a reaction takes place-->the yield of rea…
Rate constant, k
How fast a reaction takes place under specific conditions dep…
52 terms
Kinetics
DRUGS
RADIOPHARMACEUTICAL
DRUG PRODUCT
DRUG PRODUCT PERFORMANCE
-are substantial intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mit…
-use for imaging purposes, for the doctor to view blood vesse…
-considered to be drug delivery systems that release and deli…
-release of the drug substance from the dosage form (drug pro…
DRUGS
-are substantial intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mit…
RADIOPHARMACEUTICAL
-use for imaging purposes, for the doctor to view blood vesse…
8 terms
Kinetics
What is the collision theory
What is activation energy?
What is known as the "barrier" that re…
At the peak of activation energy barri…
States that in order to react particles must collide
The minimum amount of energy needed to transform reactants in…
Activation Energy
Activated complexes
What is the collision theory
States that in order to react particles must collide
What is activation energy?
The minimum amount of energy needed to transform reactants in…
19 terms
Kinetics
Gibbs free energy
intermediates
Rate determining step
collision theory of chemical kinetics
The amount of energy in a system that is available to do usef…
Substances that are produced but also fully consumed over the…
The elementary step that is the slowest, therefore controllin…
Theory stating that the rate of a reaction is directly propor…
Gibbs free energy
The amount of energy in a system that is available to do usef…
intermediates
Substances that are produced but also fully consumed over the…
33 terms
Kinetics
What is collision theory?
What is the 'activation energy' of a r…
Good and poor collision orientation
Name factors that effect reaction rates
For particles to react they must collide with sufficient ener…
the minimum quantity of energy which the reacting species mus…
Even when the collisions have enough energy, they mostly aren…
1) Pressure... 2) Temperature... 3) Catalysts... 4) Surface Area... 5) Co…
What is collision theory?
For particles to react they must collide with sufficient ener…
What is the 'activation energy' of a r…
the minimum quantity of energy which the reacting species mus…
17 terms
KINETICS
chemical kinetics
measuring the rate of reaction
concentration of reactants decreases a…
rate of reaction
dynamics of chemical reactions... way reactions take place... rate…
how fast a reactant is used up... how quickly a product is formed
in any reaction... over time
change in concentration of a reactant or product over time
chemical kinetics
dynamics of chemical reactions... way reactions take place... rate…
measuring the rate of reaction
how fast a reactant is used up... how quickly a product is formed
17 terms
Kinetics
M-M equation
Km
Km conceptually
Vmax
v = Vmax [S] / Km + [S]
Km = (k-1 +kcat) / k1
Inversely proportional to affinity of E and S. Ratio of the r…
Vmax = kcat [Et]
M-M equation
v = Vmax [S] / Km + [S]
Km
Km = (k-1 +kcat) / k1
33 terms
Kinetics
Collision Theory of Kinetics
Criteria for Collisions
Effective Collisions
Activated Complex
1. For most reactions, in order for a reaction to take place,…
1. Whether the collision has enough energy to "break the bond…
Collision in which these two conditions are met (and therefor…
Point in time when every bond in the reactants has been broke…
Collision Theory of Kinetics
1. For most reactions, in order for a reaction to take place,…
Criteria for Collisions
1. Whether the collision has enough energy to "break the bond…
21 terms
Kinetics
What is collision theory?
What is the effect of an increase in t…
What is the effect of an increase in p…
Name factors that effect reaction rates
In order for particles to react they must collide with suffic…
Kinetic energy of the molecules increase, therefore they move…
The reactant particles are closer together therefore are more…
1) Pressure... 2) Temperature... 3) Catalysts... 4) Surface Area... 5) Co…
What is collision theory?
In order for particles to react they must collide with suffic…
What is the effect of an increase in t…
Kinetic energy of the molecules increase, therefore they move…
57 terms
Kinetics
Fungi
Dragonass
Kinetic Cops
Taco Truck
Fungi
Dragonass
Kinetic Cops
Taco Truck
Fungi
Fungi
Dragonass
Dragonass
18 terms
Kinetics
kinetic energy
enthalpy
collision theory
Activation energy
energy a molecule possessed based on its motion
The heat content of a system at constant pressure
molecules must collide in order for a reaction to occur. Thes…
The energy required to form the activated complex. The minimu…
kinetic energy
energy a molecule possessed based on its motion
enthalpy
The heat content of a system at constant pressure
34 terms
Kinetics
Factors that affect reaction rates
Physical state of reactants
Reactant concentrations
Reaction temperature
1. Physical state of reactants ... 2. Reactant concentrations ... 3…
The more readily reactant molecules collide with one another,…
Most chemical reactions proceed faster if the concentration o…
Reaction rates generally increase as temperature increases. I…
Factors that affect reaction rates
1. Physical state of reactants ... 2. Reactant concentrations ... 3…
Physical state of reactants
The more readily reactant molecules collide with one another,…
21 terms
Kinetics
Kinetics
collision theory
collision theory picture
what affects collisions and reaction r…
study of speed or rate of a reaction
-all must be true for a reaction to happen... -particles collide…
-states of matter of reaction... -concentration of the reactants…
Kinetics
study of speed or rate of a reaction
collision theory
-all must be true for a reaction to happen... -particles collide…
29 terms
Kinetics
Rate of reaciton
Concentration
Physical state
Temperature
The rate in which a reaction proceeds, usually in concentrati…
As ____________ increases R increases
As the ________ ______ goes from solid to gas, R increases
As the ________ increases, the average kinetic energy increas…
Rate of reaciton
The rate in which a reaction proceeds, usually in concentrati…
Concentration
As ____________ increases R increases
16 terms
Kinetics
rate of reaction
factors affecting reaction rates
catalyst
rate law (units)
how quickly reactants disappear to form products
chemical nature of reactants, surface area, reactant concentr…
compound that increases rate of chemical reaction without bei…
mol L-1 s-1
rate of reaction
how quickly reactants disappear to form products
factors affecting reaction rates
chemical nature of reactants, surface area, reactant concentr…
22 terms
KINETICS
reaction rate
rate law
rate law formula
zero reaction order
Change in amount of product over time ... influenced by:... - temp…
relates reaction rate to concentration (cannot be predicted b…
rate (speed of reaction) = k [A]^m [B]^n
rate = k... rate stays the same no matter what concentration is
reaction rate
Change in amount of product over time ... influenced by:... - temp…
rate law
relates reaction rate to concentration (cannot be predicted b…
20 terms
Kinetics
0th Order Reactions
1st Order Reactions
2nd Order Reactions
Rate vs. Time Graphs
[A]= -kt+[Ao]
ln[A]= -kt + ln[Ao]
1/[A]= +kt + 1/[Ao]
0th Order Reactions
[A]= -kt+[Ao]
1st Order Reactions
ln[A]= -kt + ln[Ao]
24 terms
Kinetics
Kinetics
Collision Theory
Effective Collision
Homogeneous Reaction
The branch of chemistry that deals with the mechanism and rat…
In order for a reaction to occur, the particles must collide
The reactant particles hit each other with enough kinetic ene…
Reactants are in the same phase or are aqueous
Kinetics
The branch of chemistry that deals with the mechanism and rat…
Collision Theory
In order for a reaction to occur, the particles must collide
kinetics
kinetics
collision theory
effective collision
homogeneous reaction
the study of forces causing movement
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they mus…
A collision in which the particles meet with sufficient energ…
a reaction whose reactants and products exist in a single phase
kinetics
the study of forces causing movement
collision theory
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they mus…
21 terms
Kinetics
Kinetics
Rate Law
k
The _______ the k value, the faster th…
the study of the rate of a reaction
gives the relationship of the rate of the reaction to the con…
is a characteristic of the reaction in question and is depend…
larger
Kinetics
the study of the rate of a reaction
Rate Law
gives the relationship of the rate of the reaction to the con…
8 terms
Kinetics
Activation energy
Kinetic energy
Reaction Rate
Rate Law
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
The energy an object has due to its motion
the rate at which reactants change into products over time (d…
An equation that relates the reaction rate and concentrations…
Activation energy
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
Kinetic energy
The energy an object has due to its motion
8 terms
Kinetics
rate of reaction
initial rate of reaction
Concentration
Zero order
defined as the rate of change of concentration of a reactant…
calculated by drawing the tangent to the concentration-time g…
changes do not affect the value of an equilibrium constant.
when the concentration is doubled, the rate is unaffected
rate of reaction
defined as the rate of change of concentration of a reactant…
initial rate of reaction
calculated by drawing the tangent to the concentration-time g…
10 terms
Kinetics
Kinetics
Force
Internal torque
External torque
branch of mechanics that describes the effect of forces on th…
push or pull that can produce, modify, or halt a movement
generated within the body (muscle)
generated outside the body (gravity)
Kinetics
branch of mechanics that describes the effect of forces on th…
Force
push or pull that can produce, modify, or halt a movement
39 terms
Kinetics
Reaction Mechanism
Rate
Collision Theory
Factors that affect rate
The steps by which a reaction takes place
Change in concentration over change in time
Particles must collide with the proper orientation and have e…
1. Nature of reactants ... 2. Concentration... 3. Temperature... 4. Su…
Reaction Mechanism
The steps by which a reaction takes place
Rate
Change in concentration over change in time
Kinetics
The equation for rate
Rate determining step
Factors affecting rate
Rate equation
Change in X / time
The slowest step of the reaction
Temperature... Pressure... Surface Area... Catalyst
Rate= k [A]
The equation for rate
Change in X / time
Rate determining step
The slowest step of the reaction
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