Study sets matching "kinetic"

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Study sets matching "kinetic"

21 terms
Kinetic
Kinetics
Collision theory
effective collisions
homogeneous reaction
is the study of the speed with which a chemical reaction occu…
idea that reactant particles must collide for a reaction to o…
The more often reactant molecules collide, the more often the…
it contains only one kind of compound or one element
Kinetics
is the study of the speed with which a chemical reaction occu…
Collision theory
idea that reactant particles must collide for a reaction to o…
21 terms
Kinetic
kinetic theory
kinetic energy and heat
heat
temperature
tiny particles in all forms of matter are in constant motion
heat speeds up particles
total kinetic energy
average kinetic energy... -average speed of moving particles
kinetic theory
tiny particles in all forms of matter are in constant motion
kinetic energy and heat
heat speeds up particles
Kinetic
Kinetic
Kinetic
Kinesiology
Logos
Movement
Relating to movement of bodies
Study of human movement
Word or study
Kinetic
Movement
Kinetic
Relating to movement of bodies
Kinetic
Chemical kinetics
3 mains?
Collision theory
Things that cause more collisions a an…
The area of chemistry that studies reaction rates - how fast/…
1. Rate laws ... 2. Reaction Mechanisms ... 3. Models for chemical…
Reactions need molecular collisions. ... -particles need to col…
Temperature ... Concentration
Chemical kinetics
The area of chemistry that studies reaction rates - how fast/…
3 mains?
1. Rate laws ... 2. Reaction Mechanisms ... 3. Models for chemical…
Kinetic
Kinetic energy
Kinetic theory
Gas
Gas
Energy of motion
All matter consists of particles in constant motion
Gases are hard spherical particles
There are large distances between gas particles
Kinetic energy
Energy of motion
Kinetic theory
All matter consists of particles in constant motion
Kinetic
Light Energy (Radiant)
Electrical Energy
Thermal Energy (heat)
Nuclear Energy (very dangerous)
travels in a straight line
movement of electrons
determined by how fast the molecules move
a. fission- splitting an atom... b. fusion- two or more atoms co…
Light Energy (Radiant)
travels in a straight line
Electrical Energy
movement of electrons
26 terms
Kinetic
Pharmaceutics
Biopharmaceutics
Pharmacodynamics
Kinetic homogeneity
General area of study concerned with formulation, manufacture…
Interrelationshipy777 oo between 999 properties of drug dosag…
Relationship between the drug concentration at the site of ac…
Predictable relationship between plasma drug concentration an…
Pharmaceutics
General area of study concerned with formulation, manufacture…
Biopharmaceutics
Interrelationshipy777 oo between 999 properties of drug dosag…
15 terms
Kinetic
Sich begeben
Sich auf den Weg machen
verlassen
hinausgeben
Отправляться
Отправляться в путь
Покидать
Выходить
Sich begeben
Отправляться
Sich auf den Weg machen
Отправляться в путь
6 terms
kinetic
The definition of acceleration
The displacement curve
power rule
derivative of sin cos tan
v=v0+at
x-x0=v0t+0.5at^2
To cal.derivative,... 1.put the power to the coefficient... 2.minus…
sin... cos... -sin... -cos
The definition of acceleration
v=v0+at
The displacement curve
x-x0=v0t+0.5at^2
kinetic
electrical energy
radiant energy
thermal energy
motion energy
type of energy that can take the form visible light
Energy that travels five waves or particles such as heat or x…
energy directly related to temperature change between and env…
moving object ... is kinetic energy
electrical energy
type of energy that can take the form visible light
radiant energy
Energy that travels five waves or particles such as heat or x…
Kinetic
What is kinetic energy?
What are examples of kinetic energy
What is kinetic energy dependent on?
What is the equation for kinetic energy?
Energy due to movement.
Waves, wind, moving vehicles, basketballs.
Mass and velocity.
Ex=1/2MV squared
What is kinetic energy?
Energy due to movement.
What are examples of kinetic energy
Waves, wind, moving vehicles, basketballs.
Kinetics .
slower ; more
strong
increase
more ; greater
the more bonds between reacting atoms in a molecule, the ____…
Substances with _______ bonds (larger bond energies)... will rea…
Chemical reaction with a lot of intermediate steps changes ve…
The __________molecules present, the more collisions occur, t…
slower ; more
the more bonds between reacting atoms in a molecule, the ____…
strong
Substances with _______ bonds (larger bond energies)... will rea…
82 terms
Kinetics .
slower ; more
strong
increase
more ; greater
the more bonds between reacting atoms in a molecule, the ____…
Substances with _______ bonds (larger bond energies)... will rea…
Chemical reaction with a lot of intermediate steps changes ve…
The __________molecules present, the more collisions occur, t…
slower ; more
the more bonds between reacting atoms in a molecule, the ____…
strong
Substances with _______ bonds (larger bond energies)... will rea…
38 terms
Kinetics
Anatomy
Physiology
Horizontal axis of rotation
Longitudinal axis of rotation
Study of the structure of an organism and relationship of its…
Study of the function of living organisms and their parts
Sagittal plane of motion; somersault
Transverse plane of motion; pirouette
Anatomy
Study of the structure of an organism and relationship of its…
Physiology
Study of the function of living organisms and their parts
Kinetics
Rate of Reaction
Rate Law
Rate constant
First Order
- the speed at which reactants are consumed and products are…
Experimentally determined mathematical expression showing the…
A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and t…
Rate of reaction is proportional to concentration of reactant.
Rate of Reaction
- the speed at which reactants are consumed and products are…
Rate Law
Experimentally determined mathematical expression showing the…
5 terms
Kinetics
effective collision
activation energy
Rate of reaction
Concentration
the type of collision that leads to a reaction
the minimum energy required for a reaction to take place
defined as the rate of change of concentration with time.
a measure of the number of particles per unit volume and is n…
effective collision
the type of collision that leads to a reaction
activation energy
the minimum energy required for a reaction to take place
70 terms
KINETICS
-∆[A]
mole ratio
k[A]^m[B]^n
m
Rate(a)= ?/∆t
To find other rates, you can multiply the rate of A by the __…
rate of overall reaction = ?
reaction order with respect to A =
-∆[A]
Rate(a)= ?/∆t
mole ratio
To find other rates, you can multiply the rate of A by the __…
Kinetics
1st order graph
2nd order graph
Arrhenius equation
average kinetic energy
ln[conc] vs. time is a straight line
1/[conc] vs. time is a straight line
k depends on temperature
depends only on the temperature of the gas
1st order graph
ln[conc] vs. time is a straight line
2nd order graph
1/[conc] vs. time is a straight line
63 terms
Kinetics
Extended Interval Dosing ... - Gentamicin…
Extended Interval Dosing ... - Amikacin:…
Multiplier is for Cl/Vd formula for th…
Multiplier... -Hepatic disease
5-7, 1
15-20, 1
cl
0.5
Extended Interval Dosing ... - Gentamicin…
5-7, 1
Extended Interval Dosing ... - Amikacin:…
15-20, 1
28 terms
Kinetics
Define reaction rate
Reaction rate equation
Conditions for Ideal Gas Collisions
Conditions for collision theory
Change in concentration of products and or reactants over a g…
1. SIZE = particles size is negligible (space between atoms a…
1. Physical contact... 2. Correct mutual orientation... 3. Sufficie…
Define reaction rate
Change in concentration of products and or reactants over a g…
Reaction rate equation
6 terms
kinetics
Increasing the surface area
Processes such as micronization
micronization are used to
pharmacokinetics is
will speed dissolution.
can increase surface area dramatically
ncrease absorption in some drugs which would otherwise be poo…
what the body does to the drug.
Increasing the surface area
will speed dissolution.
Processes such as micronization
can increase surface area dramatically
43 terms
Kinetics
Kinesiology
Kinetics
Statics
Dynamics
The study of human movement
The forces associated with movement
Situations in which all forces acting on a body are balances…
Bodies subject to unbalanced forces, circumstances where an e…
Kinesiology
The study of human movement
Kinetics
The forces associated with movement
23 terms
Kinetics
factors that can affect the movement o…
Factors Influencing Reaction Rates
The study of kinetics involves
KINETICS SOLELY DEPEND ON THE
-Collisions... -Movement... -Temperature
Temperature... Activation energy
A. The velocity of chemical reactions... B. What factors influen…
INTERACTIONS OF THE REACTANTS!
factors that can affect the movement o…
-Collisions... -Movement... -Temperature
Factors Influencing Reaction Rates
Temperature... Activation energy
Kinetics
M-M equation
Km
Km conceptually
Vmax
v = Vmax [S] / Km + [S]
Km = (k-1 +kcat) / k1
Inversely proportional to affinity of E and S. Ratio of the r…
Vmax = kcat [Et]
M-M equation
v = Vmax [S] / Km + [S]
Km
Km = (k-1 +kcat) / k1
30 terms
Kinetics
temperature (frequency & force), frequ…
lnA vs t
-k
1/A vs t
factors that affect reaction rate
graph of first order reaction to give linear line
slope of first order reaction graph is
graph of second order reaction to give linear line
temperature (frequency & force), frequ…
factors that affect reaction rate
lnA vs t
graph of first order reaction to give linear line
18 terms
Kinetics
kinetic energy
enthalpy
collision theory
Activation energy
energy a molecule possessed based on its motion
The heat content of a system at constant pressure
molecules must collide in order for a reaction to occur. Thes…
The energy required to form the activated complex. The minimu…
kinetic energy
energy a molecule possessed based on its motion
enthalpy
The heat content of a system at constant pressure
62 terms
Kinetics
The rate of a reaction can be viewed i…
All reaction rates are found by lookin…
Rate of Disappearance/Appearance of a…
When calculating single rates of disap…
1) The rate of disappearance of a reactant... 2) The rate of app…
change in concentration; quickly; rust
•Rate(A) = -Δ[A]/Δt... •Rate(D) = Δ[D]/Δt
negative; negative sign
The rate of a reaction can be viewed i…
1) The rate of disappearance of a reactant... 2) The rate of app…
All reaction rates are found by lookin…
change in concentration; quickly; rust
6 terms
Kinetics
Collision theory
Effective Collision
Activation energy
Transition state
Reactants must collide effectively to go through a chemical r…
1) Collision has enough energy to start... 2) Collides in the co…
the amount of energy required to start a reaction
the hump in an energy diagram
Collision theory
Reactants must collide effectively to go through a chemical r…
Effective Collision
1) Collision has enough energy to start... 2) Collides in the co…
55 terms
Kinetics
Activation Energy-
Activated complex-
reaction rate depends on:
kinetics-
min. amount of energy needed to make reactants become an acti…
the structure at the maximum energy point along the reaction…
orientation and energy
how fast a rxn occurs
Activation Energy-
min. amount of energy needed to make reactants become an acti…
Activated complex-
the structure at the maximum energy point along the reaction…
19 terms
kinetics
kinetics
collision theory
effective collision
homogeneous reaction
the branch of chemistry or biochemistry concerned with measur…
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they mus…
A collision in which the particles meet w/ sufficient energy…
a reaction whose reactants and products exist in a single phase
kinetics
the branch of chemistry or biochemistry concerned with measur…
collision theory
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they mus…
Kinetics
Rate of reaciton
Concentration
Physical state
Temperature
The rate in which a reaction proceeds, usually in concentrati…
As ____________ increases R increases
As the ________ ______ goes from solid to gas, R increases
As the ________ increases, the average kinetic energy increas…
Rate of reaciton
The rate in which a reaction proceeds, usually in concentrati…
Concentration
As ____________ increases R increases
16 terms
Kinetics
rate of reaction
factors affecting reaction rates
catalyst
rate law (units)
how quickly reactants disappear to form products
chemical nature of reactants, surface area, reactant concentr…
compound that increases rate of chemical reaction without bei…
mol L-1 s-1
rate of reaction
how quickly reactants disappear to form products
factors affecting reaction rates
chemical nature of reactants, surface area, reactant concentr…
Kinetics
Kinetics
Rate Law
k
The _______ the k value, the faster th…
the study of the rate of a reaction
gives the relationship of the rate of the reaction to the con…
is a characteristic of the reaction in question and is depend…
larger
Kinetics
the study of the rate of a reaction
Rate Law
gives the relationship of the rate of the reaction to the con…
20 terms
Kinetics
0th Order Reactions
1st Order Reactions
2nd Order Reactions
Rate vs. Time Graphs
[A]= -kt+[Ao]
ln[A]= -kt + ln[Ao]
1/[A]= +kt + 1/[Ao]
0th Order Reactions
[A]= -kt+[Ao]
1st Order Reactions
ln[A]= -kt + ln[Ao]
24 terms
Kinetics
Kinetics
Collision Theory
Effective Collision
Homogeneous Reaction
The branch of chemistry that deals with the mechanism and rat…
In order for a reaction to occur, the particles must collide
The reactant particles hit each other with enough kinetic ene…
Reactants are in the same phase or are aqueous
Kinetics
The branch of chemistry that deals with the mechanism and rat…
Collision Theory
In order for a reaction to occur, the particles must collide
kinetics
kinetics
collision theory
effective collision
homogeneous reaction
the study of forces causing movement
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they mus…
A collision in which the particles meet with sufficient energ…
a reaction whose reactants and products exist in a single phase
kinetics
the study of forces causing movement
collision theory
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they mus…
16 terms
Kinetics
Factors affecting reaction rates
Physical state of reactants
Concentration of reactants
Temperature
1. Physical state of reactants... 2. Concentration of reactants…
More homogenous mixture = faster rxn... -Reaction can occur quic…
Concentration increases = probability of collision increases…
High temperatures = faster run b/c molecules:... -Have more KE... -…
Factors affecting reaction rates
1. Physical state of reactants... 2. Concentration of reactants…
Physical state of reactants
More homogenous mixture = faster rxn... -Reaction can occur quic…
12 terms
Kinetics
Collision Theory
Kinetics
Rate of Reaction
Factors that Affect Rate of Reaction
Reactant particles must collide in order for a chemical chang…
The study of RATES of reactions
The speed at which a reactant is use and products formed
1) Increasing the Surface Area... -increases the # of particles…
Collision Theory
Reactant particles must collide in order for a chemical chang…
Kinetics
The study of RATES of reactions
15 terms
Kinetics
kinetic theory
adding energy
solid
liquid
1. Everything is made up of small particles... 2. moving randoml…
causes particles to: move faster, spread out and become less…
slowest moving molecules. usually stay at a cold temp, set sh…
faster moving molecules than solids but not extremely fast, n…
kinetic theory
1. Everything is made up of small particles... 2. moving randoml…
adding energy
causes particles to: move faster, spread out and become less…
Kinetics
Reaction rates depends on
rate law
rate constant (k)
collision model
1. reactant concentrations... 2. temperature... 3. surface area... 4.…
1. the proportionality constant in the rate law... 2. depends on…
Elementary reactions are mediated... by collisions between molec…
Reaction rates depends on
1. reactant concentrations... 2. temperature... 3. surface area... 4.…
rate law
Kinetics
Keq
Rate constant, k
Reaction rate
General rate of reaction
The extent to which a reaction takes place-->the yield of rea…
How fast a reaction takes place under specific conditions dep…
=-Δ[R]/Δt=Δ[P]/Δt... units M/s... Always defined as a positive numb…
For aA+ bB--> cC+ dD... =-(1/a)Δ[A]/Δt=-(1/b)Δ[B]/Δt=(1/c)Δ[C]/…
Keq
The extent to which a reaction takes place-->the yield of rea…
Rate constant, k
How fast a reaction takes place under specific conditions dep…
39 terms
Kinetics
Reaction Mechanism
Rate
Collision Theory
Factors that affect rate
The steps by which a reaction takes place
Change in concentration over change in time
Particles must collide with the proper orientation and have e…
1. Nature of reactants ... 2. Concentration... 3. Temperature... 4. Su…
Reaction Mechanism
The steps by which a reaction takes place
Rate
Change in concentration over change in time
9 terms
Kinetics
Collision Theory
Potential Energy Diagram[s]
Things that Affect Rate of Reaction
Activation Energy (Ea)
In order for a reaction to occur, the REACTANTS MUST COLLIDE…
1. Activation Energy... 2. Concentration ... 3. Temperature ... 4. Sur…
(amount of) Energy needed to break bonds... - Low activation ene…
Collision Theory
In order for a reaction to occur, the REACTANTS MUST COLLIDE…
Potential Energy Diagram[s]
Kinetics
Activation energy
Kinetic energy
Reaction Rate
Rate Law
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
The energy an object has due to its motion
the rate at which reactants change into products over time (d…
An equation that relates the reaction rate and concentrations…
Activation energy
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
Kinetic energy
The energy an object has due to its motion
16 terms
Kinetics
Reaction intermediate
Rate determining step determines...
Rate of reaction indicates...
Reaction rate is determined by:
A substance that is produced in one step and consumed in the…
...overall reaction rate
...how fast reactants are being consumed or how fast products…
1. How frequently reactant molecules collide... 2. Orientation o…
Reaction intermediate
A substance that is produced in one step and consumed in the…
Rate determining step determines...
...overall reaction rate
Kinetics
Kinetics
Collision Theory
Effective Collision
Homogeneous Reaction
The branch of chemistry that deals with the mechanism and rat…
In order for a reaction to occur, the particles must collide
A collision in which one of the reactant particles hit each o…
Reactants are in the same phase or aqueous
Kinetics
The branch of chemistry that deals with the mechanism and rat…
Collision Theory
In order for a reaction to occur, the particles must collide
11 terms
Kinetics
Kinetics
Collision Theory
Effective Collision
Activation Energy
Forces causing movement.
For a reaction to occur the particles must collide and the co…
A collision in which the particles meet with sufficient energ…
The amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur.
Kinetics
Forces causing movement.
Collision Theory
For a reaction to occur the particles must collide and the co…
8 terms
Kinetics
What is the collision theory
What is activation energy?
What is known as the "barrier" that re…
At the peak of activation energy barri…
States that in order to react particles must collide
The minimum amount of energy needed to transform reactants in…
Activation Energy
Activated complexes
What is the collision theory
States that in order to react particles must collide
What is activation energy?
The minimum amount of energy needed to transform reactants in…
11 terms
Kinetics
kinetics
Collision Theory
Factor Affecting Rates of Reactions
Nature of the Reactants
moving of particles and seeing how they react.
-Proper Orientation... -Sufficent Energy
-Nature of the Reactants... -Concentration... -Surface Area... -Pressu…
ionic > covalent
kinetics
moving of particles and seeing how they react.
Collision Theory
-Proper Orientation... -Sufficent Energy
Kinetics
Factors affecting reaction rate
Arrhenius equation
Collision theory
Transition state theory
Reactant concentration (rate increases w/ [], except for zero…
k = Ae^(-Ea/RT)... Tells us the rate constant. A = frequency fac…
Rate of reaction depends on number of effective collisions. E…
Reaction will form an intermediate and the reaction can eithe…
Factors affecting reaction rate
Reactant concentration (rate increases w/ [], except for zero…
Arrhenius equation
k = Ae^(-Ea/RT)... Tells us the rate constant. A = frequency fac…
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