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Study sets matching "kins 294"

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Study sets matching "kins 294"

94 terms
Kins 294
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
functions of the skeletal system
classification of bones
protects organ of head, neck, and trunk
arms, legs, hands and feet.
1.support... 2.protection... 3.levers... 4.blood formation... 5.storage o…
long bones... short bone... flat bone... irregular bones
axial skeleton
protects organ of head, neck, and trunk
appendicular skeleton
arms, legs, hands and feet.
94 terms
Kins 294
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
functions of the skeletal system
classification of bones
protects organ of head, neck, and trunk
arms, legs, hands and feet.
1.support... 2.protection... 3.levers... 4.blood formation... 5.storage o…
long bones... short bone... flat bone... irregular bones
axial skeleton
protects organ of head, neck, and trunk
appendicular skeleton
arms, legs, hands and feet.
94 terms
Kins 294
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
functions of the skeletal system
classification of bones
protects organ of head, neck, and trunk
arms, legs, hands and feet.
1.support... 2.protection... 3.levers... 4.blood formation... 5.storage o…
long bones... short bone... flat bone... irregular bones
axial skeleton
protects organ of head, neck, and trunk
appendicular skeleton
arms, legs, hands and feet.
66 terms
KINS 294
Anatomy
Physiology
Metabolism
Catabolism
Part of science that deals with structure
Deals with the function of the body parts (what they do and h…
Sum of all chemical reactions in the body that involve Catabo…
"breakdown"
Anatomy
Part of science that deals with structure
Physiology
Deals with the function of the body parts (what they do and h…
66 terms
KINS 294
Anatomy
Physiology
Metabolism
Catabolism
Part of science that deals with structure
Deals with the function of the body parts (what they do and h…
Sum of all chemical reactions in the body that involve Catabo…
"breakdown"
Anatomy
Part of science that deals with structure
Physiology
Deals with the function of the body parts (what they do and h…
41 terms
Kins 294: Nervous System
gather information... transmit informatio…
cell body... dendrites ... axon ... axon hilloc…
dendrites
axon
functions of the nervous system
structure of a neuron
conducts impulses toward cell body
carries impulses away from cell body
gather information... transmit informatio…
functions of the nervous system
cell body... dendrites ... axon ... axon hilloc…
structure of a neuron
20 terms
Kins 294 Joints
Function of joints... (230 in body)
3 stages of joint movement
3 types of joints... (grouped by tissues…
bony joints (immovable)
bind parts of skeleton together... make bone growth possible... Ena…
immovable, slightly movable, freely movable
Fibrous... Cartilaginous... synovial joints
fibrous
Function of joints... (230 in body)
bind parts of skeleton together... make bone growth possible... Ena…
3 stages of joint movement
immovable, slightly movable, freely movable
39 terms
Kins 294: Cardiovascular Anatomy
heart... blood vessels... blood
deliver oxygen and nutrients to all ti…
plasma... erythrocytes (RBC's) ... leukocyte…
plasma
components of the cardiovascular system
functions of the cardiovascular system
components of blood
fluid in which cells and platelets are suspended; contains va…
heart... blood vessels... blood
components of the cardiovascular system
deliver oxygen and nutrients to all ti…
functions of the cardiovascular system
73 terms
Kins 294 Exam 2
Major function of Cardiovascular system
Compenents of Cardiovascular system
Plasma
Erythrocytes(Red Blood Cells)/ hemotoc…
Deliver oxygen & nutrients to all tissue, and remove Co2, reg…
Heart(pump) Blood Vessels, Blood
55% Fluid in which cells and platelets are suspended, contain…
45% Contains hemoglobin, which carries O2, and CO2
Major function of Cardiovascular system
Deliver oxygen & nutrients to all tissue, and remove Co2, reg…
Compenents of Cardiovascular system
Heart(pump) Blood Vessels, Blood
81 terms
KINS 294: Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
hyoid bone
hyoid bone
hyoid bone
skull... hyoid bone ... vertebral column ... thoracic cage
located in the neck b/n lower jaw & larynx (Adam's apple)... imp…
top=greater horn ... stylohyoid muscle?... body?
hyoid ... larynx (adams apple)
Axial Skeleton
skull... hyoid bone ... vertebral column ... thoracic cage
hyoid bone
located in the neck b/n lower jaw & larynx (Adam's apple)... imp…
100 terms
KINS 294: Cardiovascular Anatomy
Cardiovascular system functions (4)
Components (3)
Blood
Pulmonary circulation
deliver oxygen and nutrients ... remove CO2 and waste ... body temp…
1. heart ... 2. blood vessels ... 3. blood
Plasma - fluid with cells and platelets ... Erythrocytes (RBCs)…
RED ... closed loop of vessels carrying blood between Heart and…
Cardiovascular system functions (4)
deliver oxygen and nutrients ... remove CO2 and waste ... body temp…
Components (3)
1. heart ... 2. blood vessels ... 3. blood
91 terms
KINS 294 Labeling
sagittal suture
coronal suture
lambdoidal suture
squamosal suture
sagittal suture
coronal suture
47 terms
KINS 294 muscles
how many muscles are in the body and h…
Functions of the skeletal muscle tissue
Functions of skeletal muscle tissues c…
Skeletal muscle properties 5 Things
400, 40-50%
Movement- provide force for locomotion, breathing and other b…
Stability- maintain posture... -Control of body opening and pass…
Excitability conductivity contractility extensibility and ela…
how many muscles are in the body and h…
400, 40-50%
Functions of the skeletal muscle tissue
Movement- provide force for locomotion, breathing and other b…
43 terms
KINS294: Unit 3
Parts of the axial skeleton
Skull bones
Sutures
Cranium
Skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column and thoracic cage
8 cranial + 13 facial + 1 mandible = 22
interlock the bones of the skull
Encloses and protects the brain... Surface provides attachments…
Parts of the axial skeleton
Skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column and thoracic cage
Skull bones
8 cranial + 13 facial + 1 mandible = 22
77 terms
KINS 294 unit 2
functions of a skeletal system
skeletal organization: axial
skeletal organization: appendicular
bone classification
-support... -protection... -movement (levers)... -blood formation (bon…
protects the organs of the head, neck, and trunk
arms, legs, feet, hands, pectoral girdle (scapula and clavicl…
long bones: levers/framework-ulna ... short bones: cubed shaped-…
functions of a skeletal system
-support... -protection... -movement (levers)... -blood formation (bon…
skeletal organization: axial
protects the organs of the head, neck, and trunk
212 terms
KINS 294: Unit 3
pronates the forearm at the proximal r…
flexion and radial deviator
Palmaris Longus - Action
flexion and ulnar deviation
Action of pronator teres
Action of flexor carpi radialis
Assists wrist flexion; not prime mover; absent in 20% of people
Action of flexor carpi ulnaris
pronates the forearm at the proximal r…
Action of pronator teres
flexion and radial deviator
Action of flexor carpi radialis
91 terms
KINS 294 unit 2
organization of the skeletal system
5 functions of the skeletal system
long bones
examples of long bones
axial (head,neck, trunk)... appendicular skeleton (arms, hands ,…
support... protection... movement... bood formation... storage of inorgan…
long with expanded ends... function as levers and frame work
humerus, ulna, radius, femur, tiba
organization of the skeletal system
axial (head,neck, trunk)... appendicular skeleton (arms, hands ,…
5 functions of the skeletal system
support... protection... movement... bood formation... storage of inorgan…
36 terms
Kins 294 Unit 3
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Sarcoplasmic Hypertrophy
Myofibrillar Hypertrophy
Increase in size of a muscle through an increase in size of m…
Increase in size of a muscle through an increase in muscle fi…
Increase in sarcoplasmic fluid... -NO correlated strength increa…
Increase in the number of contractile proteins... -increase in s…
Hypertrophy
Increase in size of a muscle through an increase in size of m…
Hyperplasia
Increase in size of a muscle through an increase in muscle fi…
106 terms
Kins 294 Exam 3
Cranium
Sagittal Suture
Coronal Suture
Lambdoidal Suture
-encloses and protects the brain... -provides attachments for mu…
between parietal bones
between frontal bone and parietal bones
between occipital bone and parietal bones
Cranium
-encloses and protects the brain... -provides attachments for mu…
Sagittal Suture
between parietal bones
204 terms
KINS 294 Exam 4
The pelvic girdle is made of two what?
What is a coxae?
What is another name for the hip bone?
What is the pelvic girdle composed of?
coxae
the hip bone
innominate bone
ilium, ischium, pubis
The pelvic girdle is made of two what?
coxae
What is a coxae?
the hip bone
49 terms
Kins 294 Unit 4
What makes up the pectoral girdle?
What is the functions of the pectoral…
What movements occur at the pectoral g…
What is one example of when protractio…
2 scapulae and 2 clavicles
support the upper limbs and serve as attachment site for seve…
elevation, depression, upward rotation, downward rotation, sc…
throwing
What makes up the pectoral girdle?
2 scapulae and 2 clavicles
What is the functions of the pectoral…
support the upper limbs and serve as attachment site for seve…
92 terms
Kins 294 Test 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Exercise prescription
Clinical diagnosis
The branch of science that deals with the structure of body p…
Deals with the function of the body parts.....what ... they do a…
A specific plan of fitness-related activities that are design…
Made on the basis of medical signs and patient-reported sympt…
Anatomy
The branch of science that deals with the structure of body p…
Physiology
Deals with the function of the body parts.....what ... they do a…
70 terms
KINS 294 Exam 1
define anatomy
define physiology
define metabolism
define bioenergetics
Structure of the body, study of structure
Functional processes of the body, study of function
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
the study of the transformation of energy in living organisms.
define anatomy
Structure of the body, study of structure
define physiology
Functional processes of the body, study of function
10 terms
Kins 294 terms to know
Anatomy
Physiology
Metabolism
Bioenergetics
the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of…
the branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of…
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
turning food into energy
Anatomy
the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of…
Physiology
the branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of…
18 terms
Kins 294 Bone stuff
Factors that affect bone growth
What vitamins are involved with bone g…
Growth hormones from what gland?
How does exercise affect bones
Vitamins, hormones, exercise
A, C, and D. Helps store calcium
Pituitary gland
Increases stress/loading of bones
Factors that affect bone growth
Vitamins, hormones, exercise
What vitamins are involved with bone g…
A, C, and D. Helps store calcium
179 terms
KINS 294 EXAM 4
what makes up the pectoral girdle?
what is the function of the pectoral g…
what muscles does the pectoral girdle…
what are the movements of the pectoral…
2 scapulae & 2 clavicles
1. supports the upper limbs... 2. serves as an attachment for se…
rotator cuff muscles, biceps, deltoids, etc
1. elevation & depression ... 2. upward/downward rotation... 3. pro…
what makes up the pectoral girdle?
2 scapulae & 2 clavicles
what is the function of the pectoral g…
1. supports the upper limbs... 2. serves as an attachment for se…
41 terms
Kins 294: Skull Anatomical Landmarks
Sagittal, Coronal, Lambdoidal, Squamosal
Sagittal Suture
Lambdoidal Suture
Squamosal Suture
Suture joints
Sagittal, Coronal, Lambdoidal, Squamosal
Suture joints
Sagittal Suture
40 terms
Kins 294: Axial Skeleton Musculature
Rectus Abdominis
External Oblique, Internal Oblique, Tr…
External Oblique
Internal Oblique
Medial Abdominals
Lateral Abdominals
most superficial of the three lateral muscles... Action: trunk f…
Action: trunk flexion and rotation; thoracic and lumbar flexi…
Rectus Abdominis
Medial Abdominals
External Oblique, Internal Oblique, Tr…
Lateral Abdominals
93 terms
Kins 294: Anatomical Termionology
anatomy
physiology
metabolism
bioenergetics
the branch of science that deals with the structure of body p…
deals with the function of the body parts... what they do and…
sum of all chemical reactions in the body that involve: catab…
the process of converting food into a usable form of energy (…
anatomy
the branch of science that deals with the structure of body p…
physiology
deals with the function of the body parts... what they do and…
71 terms
Kins 294 Skeletal Muscle
Functions of skeletal muscle tissue
Skeletal Muscle Properties
Excitability
Conductivity
Movement, Stability, Control, Heat
Excitability, Conductivity, Contractility, Extensibility, Ela…
Respond to stimulus; exhibit electrical and mechanical respon…
Electrical excitation is conducted throughout the entire plas…
Functions of skeletal muscle tissue
Movement, Stability, Control, Heat
Skeletal Muscle Properties
Excitability, Conductivity, Contractility, Extensibility, Ela…
56 terms
KINS 294: Lower Extremity Muscles
Lower Leg Musculature
4 compartments of the lower leg
Innervation by compartment
anterior compartment muscles (4)
11 extrinsic muscles ... -muscles located in the lower leg but a…
anterior (4) ... lateral (2)... superficial posterior (2) ... deep pos…
anterior ... -deep peroneal nerve ... lateral ... -superficial peronea…
tibialis anterior ... extensor digitorum longus ... extensor halluc…
Lower Leg Musculature
11 extrinsic muscles ... -muscles located in the lower leg but a…
4 compartments of the lower leg
anterior (4) ... lateral (2)... superficial posterior (2) ... deep pos…
54 terms
KINS 294: Lower Extremity Joints
Joints of pelvis
pelvic joints
pelvic joint: Sacroiliac (SI) joint
pelvic joint: coxofemoral
-coxa (innominate) articulates with contralateral coxa anteri…
Joints of pelvis
-coxa (innominate) articulates with contralateral coxa anteri…
pelvic joints
106 terms
KINS 294-Exam #2
Depressions: Fossa
Depression: Fovea
Non-Articulating: Line
Synovial Joint: Gliding/Irregular
basin-like depression
pit-like landmark
less prominent ridge than a crest
Sliding joint, no axis of movement
Depressions: Fossa
basin-like depression
Depression: Fovea
pit-like landmark
50 terms
KINS 294 EXAM #2
Sarcomere and parts labeled
Neuromuscular Junction
Sensory Nerve
Innervation Ratio
1) AP proceed to synapse... 2) Ca enters nerve... 3) Vesicles move…
Travels from muscle to CNS
1:1900... 1:15
Sarcomere and parts labeled
Neuromuscular Junction
1) AP proceed to synapse... 2) Ca enters nerve... 3) Vesicles move…
12 terms
KINS 294: Axial Skeleton - Skull
Skull consists of how many bones?
Skull
Sutures
Cranium
22 bones
8 cranial bones ... 13 facial bones ... 1 mandible
interlock the bones of the skull (except for the mandible)
encloses and protects the brain ... surface provides attachments…
Skull consists of how many bones?
22 bones
Skull
8 cranial bones ... 13 facial bones ... 1 mandible
58 terms
Kins 294: Skeletal System and Joints
Support... Protection ... Movement... Blood For…
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
long bones
Functions of Skeletal System
protects the organs of the head, neck, and trunk
arms, hands, legs, and feet... pectoral girdle... pelvic girdle
long with expanded ends... function as levers and framework ... ex.…
Support... Protection ... Movement... Blood For…
Functions of Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
protects the organs of the head, neck, and trunk
97 terms
Kins 294 Exam 2(Skeletal)
# of skeletal muscles in body
Functions of skeletal muscle tissue
Excitability
Conductivity
400, 50% of bodyweight
Movement, Stability, control of body openings, Heat productions
Response to stimlus
Electrical excitation is conducted throughout the entire plas…
# of skeletal muscles in body
400, 50% of bodyweight
Functions of skeletal muscle tissue
Movement, Stability, control of body openings, Heat productions
15 terms
KINS 294: Joints of the Upper Extremity
how many joints are in the shoulder co…
how many joints are in the elbow compl…
how many joints are in the forearm com…
how many joints are in the wrist/hand…
4
2
2
5
how many joints are in the shoulder co…
4
how many joints are in the elbow compl…
2
48 terms
Kins 294 Unit 3
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Sarcoplasmic Hypertrophy
Myofibrillar Hypertrophy
An increase in muscle cell size
An increase in the number of muscle fibers
Increase in sarcoplasmic fluid. Correlated to size increase-n…
Increase in the number of contractile proteins (actin and myo…
Hypertrophy
An increase in muscle cell size
Hyperplasia
An increase in the number of muscle fibers
13 terms
Kins 294 unit 1
Fibrous Joint
Cartilaginous Joint
Synovial Joint
Gliding, Plane, or Irregular joint
joints w/o movement... ex skull, teeth
slightly moveable... ex symphsis pubis, IV discs
relatively free movement in 1, 2, or 3 planes ... 6 subtypes
sliding joint, no axis of movement ... articulating surfaces are…
Fibrous Joint
joints w/o movement... ex skull, teeth
Cartilaginous Joint
slightly moveable... ex symphsis pubis, IV discs
169 terms
Unit 3 Kins 294
Axial Skeleton
hyoid bone location
which bone is commonly fractured in st…
how many pairs of ribs in the body
referring to skull, vertebral column, ribs, hyoid bone, torac…
in neck b/n lower jaw and larynx
hyoid
12
Axial Skeleton
referring to skull, vertebral column, ribs, hyoid bone, torac…
hyoid bone location
in neck b/n lower jaw and larynx
53 terms
Kins 294: Unit 4
Function of the Pectoral Girdle
Pectoral Girdle Movements
Clavicle: The medial/sternal end artic…
Clavicle: lateral/acromial end articul…
Supports upper limbs, serves as attachment for several muscles
Elevation & depression, upward & downward rotation, protracti…
manubrium of the sternum
acromion process of the scapula
Function of the Pectoral Girdle
Supports upper limbs, serves as attachment for several muscles
Pectoral Girdle Movements
Elevation & depression, upward & downward rotation, protracti…
72 terms
KINS 294 Exam 2
Functions of skeletal system
Axial
Appendicular
Long bone... (Example)
Support... Protection... Movement... Blood formation... Storage of inorga…
Head, trunk, neck
Arms, hands, legs, feet, pectoral/pelvic girdle
Humerus
Functions of skeletal system
Support... Protection... Movement... Blood formation... Storage of inorga…
Axial
Head, trunk, neck
118 terms
Kins 294 Exam 1
Metabolism
Bioenergetics
ATP functions
5 Basic Needs of Organisms
sum of all of the chemical reactions in the body
process of converting food into ATP
1. Build nerve tissue... 2. Digestion... 3. Muscle contraction... 4. N…
1. Water... 2. Food... 3. Oxygen... 4. Heat... 5. Pressure
Metabolism
sum of all of the chemical reactions in the body
Bioenergetics
process of converting food into ATP
26 terms
Kins 294 Exam 2
400
40-50%
Trochanter
Flat
How many muscles does the human body contain?
What percentage of total body weight do the muscles make up?
Which type of bony process is unique to the femur(thigh bone)?
The scapulae (shoulder blades) are examples of which type of…
400
How many muscles does the human body contain?
40-50%
What percentage of total body weight do the muscles make up?
Kins 294 Unit 5
The nominate bone is formed by the:
Name the articulation site between the…
The obturator foramen is formed by the:
What emerges from the lumbosacral plex…
ilium, ischium, and pubis
Acetabulum (coxafemoral joint)
ischium and pubis
the sciatic nerve
The nominate bone is formed by the:
ilium, ischium, and pubis
Name the articulation site between the…
Acetabulum (coxafemoral joint)
45 terms
Kins 294- Exam 2
Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Functions of Skeletal System
protects the organs of the head, neck, and trunk
skull, hyoid bone, vertebrae, thoracic cage and sternum
arms, legs, hands and feet... Pelvic Girdle: two hip bones... Pecto…
Support, protection, movement, blood formation, storage of in…
Axial Skeleton
protects the organs of the head, neck, and trunk
Axial Skeleton
skull, hyoid bone, vertebrae, thoracic cage and sternum
57 terms
KINS 294 Exam 2
4 Functions of the Nervous System
Structure of a Neuron
Myelin Sheaths
Nodes of Ranvier
- gathers information... - transmit information... - processes info…
- cell body... - dendrite: conduct impulses toward cell body... - a…
greatly increase speed of impulse... - 80% lipid and 20% protein
small gap between adjacent myelin cells... - impulse jumps from…
4 Functions of the Nervous System
- gathers information... - transmit information... - processes info…
Structure of a Neuron
- cell body... - dendrite: conduct impulses toward cell body... - a…
110 terms
Kins 294 Exam 2
Skeletal System Functions
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Blood Formation... 5. St…
-long with expanded ends... -function as levers and framework... -h…
-small cubed shape... -carpals, tarsals, patella
-provide protection and muscle attachments... -cranial skull bon…
Skeletal System Functions
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Blood Formation... 5. St…
Long Bones
-long with expanded ends... -function as levers and framework... -h…
39 terms
KINS 294- Exam 1
Efferent fibers
Afferent fibers
Parasympathetic division
Two divisions of nervous system
Carry motor signals from the CNS to effectors
Carry sensory signals from receptors to the CNS
1) "resting and digesting state"... 2) reduces energy expenditur…
1) Central Nervous System (CNS)... 2) Peripheral Nervous System…
Efferent fibers
Carry motor signals from the CNS to effectors
Afferent fibers
Carry sensory signals from receptors to the CNS
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