Study sets matching "lab animal biology"

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Study sets matching "lab animal biology"

Chapter 1: Animal Biology
Scientific Method
Lamarckism
Charles Lyell
Charles Darwin
observation, questioning, hypothesis
Jean Baptise de Lamarck- first hypothesis of evolution
the father of geology- studied uniformitarianism
5 year voyage of the HMS Beagle
Scientific Method
observation, questioning, hypothesis
Lamarckism
Jean Baptise de Lamarck- first hypothesis of evolution
Animal Biology
Define: Anatomy
Define: Physiology
Define: Convergent evolution with exam…
Define: Tissue
Organization or physical structure of the organism
How the structure functions
Evolution of organisms such that they share anatomies... ex: Loo…
Groups of cells with similar appearance and a common function
Define: Anatomy
Organization or physical structure of the organism
Define: Physiology
How the structure functions
85 terms
Animal Biology Exam 1
Evolution
Evolutionary force
cline
Jean-Batiste Lamarck
any change in the genetic constitution of a population of org…
any factor in the external environment or in the bodies of th…
some measurable gradual change over a geographic region in th…
theory of inheritance of acquired characters, called soft inh…
Evolution
any change in the genetic constitution of a population of org…
Evolutionary force
any factor in the external environment or in the bodies of th…
Animal Biology
Asymmetry
Radial Symmetry
Bilateral Symmetry
Asymmetry
irregular shape, can not be perfectly equal on both sides. (e…
All body parts arranged equally around a circle (e.g-Jellyfish)
Form mirror images, when cut in half.
Asymmetry
irregular shape, can not be perfectly equal on both sides. (e…
Radial Symmetry
All body parts arranged equally around a circle (e.g-Jellyfish)
39 terms
Animal Biology
Characteristics of Animals
Porifera (Phylum)
Calcarea
Hexactinellida
Multicellular... Heterotrophic... No Cell Walls... Eukaryotic... Ability…
Sponges... No true tissues... Reproduce asexually (budding) or crea…
Contains calcium carbonate or silica spicules... Spicule give su…
"Glass Sponges"... Contain silica spicules (up to 3 m long)... Have…
Characteristics of Animals
Multicellular... Heterotrophic... No Cell Walls... Eukaryotic... Ability…
Porifera (Phylum)
Sponges... No true tissues... Reproduce asexually (budding) or crea…
35 terms
Animal biology
Know the microscope
anterior
posterior
dorsal
Head (cranial)
butt (caudal)
Back
Know the microscope
anterior
Head (cranial)
Animal Biology
Holozoic Nutrition
Hetertrophic
Autotrophic
Intracellular digestion
Feeding like an animal by ingesting complex organic matter
An organism which requires the provision of organic food from…
An organism which is independent of outside sources of organi…
Digestion which takes place within the cytoplasm of the organ…
Holozoic Nutrition
Feeding like an animal by ingesting complex organic matter
Hetertrophic
An organism which requires the provision of organic food from…
59 terms
Animal Biology
mammary gland
endothermic
diaphragm
heterotroph
produce milk
maintain the body temperature that is different from their su…
muscular sheet under their lung that increase lung copacity
consume food for energy
mammary gland
produce milk
endothermic
maintain the body temperature that is different from their su…
43 terms
Animal Biology
What are the 3 types of circulatory sy…
ADH Levels
Do ectotherms have a thermal neutral z…
Hemeglobin
...
Low: caffeine, cold, alcohol... High: after exercise, dehydrated
No
contains iron *reversible O2 carrier ( and apparently CO2)... ea…
What are the 3 types of circulatory sy…
...
ADH Levels
Low: caffeine, cold, alcohol... High: after exercise, dehydrated
66 terms
Biology - Animals
Protostome
Deuterostome
Asymmetry
Radial
Development of an animal in which the gastrula becomes the mo…
Development of an animal in which the gastrula becomes the anus
Symmetry of an irregularly shaped body
Symmetry in which the body can be divided along any plane, th…
Protostome
Development of an animal in which the gastrula becomes the mo…
Deuterostome
Development of an animal in which the gastrula becomes the anus
155 terms
Animal Biology
What are cells
What are amoebas
What are bacteria
Where does binary fission happen and w…
Functional units of life(makes something living)
single celled Eukaryotes(Like plants, animals, and fungi)
prokaryotic (like archea)
asexual and in amoebas
What are cells
Functional units of life(makes something living)
What are amoebas
single celled Eukaryotes(Like plants, animals, and fungi)
Animal Biology
What is an animal?
Structure and Function
Networks
Exchange
Unifying characteristics: multicellular, heterotrophic (obtai…
Structure enable function... Structure constrains function --> t…
Biological structures interact to form complex systems (cells…
Hydra - have outer and internal layer of cells, each in direc…
What is an animal?
Unifying characteristics: multicellular, heterotrophic (obtai…
Structure and Function
Structure enable function... Structure constrains function --> t…
81 terms
Animal Biology Animal Diversity
why is animal diversity important?
what are the characteristics of animals?
clade
Grade
3rd greatest experiment in multicellular life... important to ou…
-if the kingdom animalia is monophyletic (CLADE) then we shou…
complete branch of an evolutionary tree... all members descended…
a level of morphological organization in a group that share a…
why is animal diversity important?
3rd greatest experiment in multicellular life... important to ou…
what are the characteristics of animals?
-if the kingdom animalia is monophyletic (CLADE) then we shou…
12 terms
animal biology
Roughages
concetrates
digestible nutrient
ration
feedstuffs that are high in fiber and low in energy
feeds low in fiber and high in energy
part of the feedstuff that can be digested
total amount of feed an animal gets in a 24 hour period
Roughages
feedstuffs that are high in fiber and low in energy
concetrates
feeds low in fiber and high in energy
5 terms
Animal biology
Porifera (sponges)... Cnidaria (cnidarian…
Hydrozoa (hydras, obelia)... Scyphozoa (j…
Turbellaria (planarians)... Trematoda (fl…
Polychaeta(clam worms)... Oligochaeta(ear…
What are the phylums we studied?
What are the classes in Cnidaria?
What are the classes in Platyhelminthes?
What are the classes in Annelida?
Porifera (sponges)... Cnidaria (cnidarian…
What are the phylums we studied?
Hydrozoa (hydras, obelia)... Scyphozoa (j…
What are the classes in Cnidaria?
24 terms
Animal biology
Drunk King Philip Came Over For Great…
BAE: Bacteria, archaea, eukarya
Prokaryotic: bacteria, archaea/ single…
Def: mitochondria and plastids were sm…
Hierarchical system of classification accronym
What are the 3 domain classification?
What's the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell…
What is the endosymbiotic theory and what is its evidence?
Drunk King Philip Came Over For Great…
Hierarchical system of classification accronym
BAE: Bacteria, archaea, eukarya
What are the 3 domain classification?
41 terms
Animal Biology
Similar to Blastocyt
Specialization of individuals cells for
Inclosing of the sphere to form an int…
Living analogs of early animals
A larger hollow sphere of cells rather than a smaller solid b…
feeding, structural elements and defense
Possibly like fetal position
sponges
Similar to Blastocyt
A larger hollow sphere of cells rather than a smaller solid b…
Specialization of individuals cells for
feeding, structural elements and defense
animal biology test 2
what organization are unicellular euka…
current classification of unicellular…
general characteristics of unicellular…
what kingdom are unicellular eukaryote…
polyphyletic
- characteristic cellular structures... - genomic sequences
- eukaryotic... - unicellular, some colonial... - mostly microscopi…
protista... group Proto + zoa (means animal)
what organization are unicellular euka…
polyphyletic
current classification of unicellular…
- characteristic cellular structures... - genomic sequences
21 terms
Animal Biology Vocabulary
eukaryotes
heterotrophs
Endoskeleton
Exoskeleton
cells with nucleus and organelles
Take food internally and digest food... Cannot make their own food
Inside support of cartilage and bone
Cover outside of body... Limit Size... Must be molted, making anima…
eukaryotes
cells with nucleus and organelles
heterotrophs
Take food internally and digest food... Cannot make their own food
Animal Biology
sometime between 2 billion and 1.5 bil…
1 billion years ago
1 billion and 5 million years ago
large hollow sphere of cells, speciali…
when did the first Eukaryotes evolve
when did the first multicellular organisms evolve
when did the Fungi plants and animals become distinct lineages
three steps in early animal evolution
sometime between 2 billion and 1.5 bil…
when did the first Eukaryotes evolve
1 billion years ago
when did the first multicellular organisms evolve
Animal Biology
Class Cestoda
nidamental gland
incurrent canal
pinacocytes
class to which tapeworms belong
found in female squid; secretes matrix which surrounds the eg…
first canal in the sponge water enters into
argued to be true tissue in the sponge; line the incurrent ca…
Class Cestoda
class to which tapeworms belong
nidamental gland
found in female squid; secretes matrix which surrounds the eg…
Animal Biology: Chapter 11
blending hypothesis
particulate hypothesis
trait
characteristics
genetic material from the two parents blends together
the idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
heritable feature that varies among individuals (ex: flower c…
each variant for a trait, such as purple or white color for f…
blending hypothesis
genetic material from the two parents blends together
particulate hypothesis
the idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
14 terms
Animal Biology
Mitosis
Meiosis
OOegenisis
Spermatogenesis
Somatic cells, 2 diploid
Gametes, 4 haploid
Egg formation
Sperm formation
Mitosis
Somatic cells, 2 diploid
Meiosis
Gametes, 4 haploid
111 terms
Animal Biology Test 3
Major Endocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Peptide Hormones
Steroid Hormones
-Hypothalamus... -Pituitary... -Thyroid... -Parathyroid Glands... -Adrena…
Highly vascularized ductless glands that secrete hormones whi…
-Cannot cross the plasma membrane of target cells.... -Bind with…
-Cross plasma membranes of target cells and bind with recepto…
Major Endocrine Glands
-Hypothalamus... -Pituitary... -Thyroid... -Parathyroid Glands... -Adrena…
Endocrine Glands
Highly vascularized ductless glands that secrete hormones whi…
Animal biology
Insects, arachnid, chilopods, diplopod…
Metaphosis
3
4
5 classes of arthropods
The changing of an animals body is called
How many stages are there in incomplete metamorphisis
How many stages are their in complete metaporphisis
Insects, arachnid, chilopods, diplopod…
5 classes of arthropods
Metaphosis
The changing of an animals body is called
Animal biology
anatomy
physiology
adaptations
trade-off
an organism's physical structures
how the physical structures in a organism function
heritable traits that make individuals more likely to survive…
inescapable compromise between traits
anatomy
an organism's physical structures
physiology
how the physical structures in a organism function
38 terms
Chapter 31: Animal Biology
macroscopic evolutioanry lineages
heterotrophs
Eukaryote evolution
animal origins
plants, fungi, and animals
fungi and animals... -gain energy from organic material
there are many other evolutionary lineages of Eukaryotes beyo…
-first Eukaryotes evolved sometime between 2 billion and 1.5…
macroscopic evolutioanry lineages
plants, fungi, and animals
heterotrophs
fungi and animals... -gain energy from organic material
228 terms
Animal Biology
heterotrophic
fusiform
interstitial fluid
extracellular matrix
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
tapering at both ends; spindle-shaped
the fluid filling the spaces between cells in most animals
the meshwork surrounding animals, consisting of glycoproteins…
heterotrophic
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
fusiform
tapering at both ends; spindle-shaped
Animal Biology
Dominant
Genotype
Heterozygous
Allele
Refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
The particular set of alleles that is carries by an individua…
Having two different alleles of a gene
Alternative forms of the same gene
Dominant
Refers to an allele that masks the effect of a recessive alle…
Genotype
The particular set of alleles that is carries by an individua…
92 terms
Animal Biology Exam 3
the transmission of traits from one ge…
the differences in appearance that off…
the scientific study of heredity and v…
units of heredity and are made up on s…
heredity
variation
genetics
genes
the transmission of traits from one ge…
heredity
the differences in appearance that off…
variation
Animal Biology Test 1
Six Characteristics Shared by All Livi…
Organization
Metabolism
Homeostasis
Organization... Metabolism... Homeostasis... Respond to Stimuli ... Growt…
Living things are highly organized. We expend energy to maint…
All chemical reactions take place in cells. ... Organisms acquir…
We maintain relatively stable internal conditions
Six Characteristics Shared by All Livi…
Organization... Metabolism... Homeostasis... Respond to Stimuli ... Growt…
Organization
Living things are highly organized. We expend energy to maint…
38 terms
Animal Biology Practical
Cnidaria
Echinodermata
Chordata
Actinopterygii
What phylum are anemones in?
What phylum are urchins in?
What phylum are fish in?
What class are fish in?
Cnidaria
What phylum are anemones in?
Echinodermata
What phylum are urchins in?
115 terms
Animal Biology Final Exam
Ecology
Habitat
Population
Community
the study of the interactions of organisms among all organism…
the place where an organism lives
all the individuals of a species within a particular space at…
all populations of multiple species interacting at a locale (…
Ecology
the study of the interactions of organisms among all organism…
Habitat
the place where an organism lives
Animal | Biology
Why do Animals Need Food?
How do organisms gain mass?
How do organisms lose mass?
Food
to grow and repair.
Eating more, working out less. Storing more energy than you b…
Using the energy stored and breaking the bonds; releasing it…
proteins, fats, and carbohydrates
Why do Animals Need Food?
to grow and repair.
How do organisms gain mass?
Eating more, working out less. Storing more energy than you b…
37 terms
AP Biology: Animal Behavior
ethology
behavior
proximate cause
ultimate cause
study of animal behavior
what an animal does and how it does it
"how" a behavior occurs or is modified
"why" a behavior occurs,
ethology
study of animal behavior
behavior
what an animal does and how it does it
Animal Biology Test 4
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
Urea
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
nitrogen containing waste product formed when proteins are br…
primary nitrogen containing waste product humans produce
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
Osmoregulation
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
38 terms
Biology of animals
Obligate Mutualism
Resource partiotioning
Neutralism
Predators
Neither can survive without the other
Competitor divide the niche
none affect the other
...
Obligate Mutualism
Neither can survive without the other
Resource partiotioning
Competitor divide the niche
33 terms
Animal Biology Exam 3 Animal Characteristics
Nematode characteristic
Arthropod characteristic
Explain crustacean molting
Class Merostomata characterisic
Cylinder shape
Must molt to grow
1. Premolt - Enzymes are secreted to loosen old layer. New ex…
blue blood
Nematode characteristic
Cylinder shape
Arthropod characteristic
Must molt to grow
373 terms
Animal Biology Chapters 8-11
Name four classes within phylum Platyh…
Are phylum Playthelminthes more comple…
What is ganglia?
What system is the ganglia a part of?
1. Tubellaria... 2. Monogenea... 3. Trematoda... 4. Cetoda
They are more complex with 3 germ layers, organs, ganglia and…
A collection of nerve tissue, a step up from a nerve net but…
The nervous system
Name four classes within phylum Platyh…
1. Tubellaria... 2. Monogenea... 3. Trematoda... 4. Cetoda
Are phylum Playthelminthes more comple…
They are more complex with 3 germ layers, organs, ganglia and…
Animal Biology
incurrent canal
radial canal
spongocoel
pinacocytes
pinacocyte-lined canal where water flows into the sponge
canal that opens into the spongocoel and is closed at the out…
central cavity of a sponge
cells that line outer edge of sponge and let water pass; the…
incurrent canal
pinacocyte-lined canal where water flows into the sponge
radial canal
canal that opens into the spongocoel and is closed at the out…
36 terms
Cambell Chapter 40 - Animal Biology
Anatomy
Physiology
Maximizing surface area
Homeostasis
- organization or physical structure of the organism
- how the structures function
- has been a key outcome of evolution... - maximizing surface ar…
- maintain a relatively stable internal... environment in variab…
Anatomy
- organization or physical structure of the organism
Physiology
- how the structures function
Animal Biology Exam 1
Dermis
Endocrine Glands
Epidermis
Exocrine Glands
inner layer of skin
ductless glands that are highly vascular and produce hormones…
outer layer of skin
equipped with ducts to transport product
Dermis
inner layer of skin
Endocrine Glands
ductless glands that are highly vascular and produce hormones…
84 terms
Animal Biology Test 4
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation
Ammonia
Urea
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
nitrogen containing waste product formed when proteins are br…
primary nitrogen containing waste product humans produce
Functions of the Urinary System
Osmoregulation... Regulation of pH of body fluids... Removal of nit…
Osmoregulation
regulation of the salt and water balance of body fluids
80 terms
Biology animals
hawk
chick
albatros
sandpiper
hawk
chick
78 terms
Birds-Animal Biology
What class are the birds in?
List the characteristics of birds.
What is the superorder of birds?
Evolution of birds
Class Aves
1. Birds are two-legged (bipedal vertebrates)... 2. Most birds c…
Archosauria
Numerous finds in recent years have seemed to support the hyp…
What class are the birds in?
Class Aves
List the characteristics of birds.
1. Birds are two-legged (bipedal vertebrates)... 2. Most birds c…
57 terms
Biology Animal Diversity Labs
Hydrozoa, Cnidaria
Scyphozoa, Cnidaria
Hydrozoa, Cnidaria
Anthozoa, Cnidaria
Hydra
Aurelia
Obelia
Sea anemone
Hydrozoa, Cnidaria
Hydra
Scyphozoa, Cnidaria
Aurelia
55 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 10 Flashcards
Can mutations only be harmful?
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Types of Mutations
Insertion Mutation
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
1. Nucleotide Substitutions... 2. Nucleotide Frame-shifts
Add a codon to a set of three
Can mutations only be harmful?
No, they are one of the sources of rich diversity of genes in…
Mutagen... Types of mutagens
Can occur in a number of ways... - Spontaneous mutation... - Physic…
19 terms
Animal Biology Chapter 6
Sessile
Osculum
Ostium
Spongocoel
Stationary
The exiting port of water in sponges
The entering port of water into sponges
Central cavity of the sponge
Sessile
Stationary
Osculum
The exiting port of water in sponges
70 terms
Animal biology
Anterior/cranial
Posterior/caudal
Dorsal/superior
Ventral/inferior
Head
Butt
Back/top
Stomach
Anterior/cranial
Head
Posterior/caudal
Butt
20 terms
Animal Biology
Mono gastric
Hind-gut Fermenter
Ruminant
Alimentary Canal
An animal with a single stomach
A herbivorous animal which digests the majority of its food i…
An animal with four stomach-compartments in its initial diges…
The full digestive system
Mono gastric
An animal with a single stomach
Hind-gut Fermenter
A herbivorous animal which digests the majority of its food i…
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