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Study sets matching "land plants"

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Study sets matching "land plants"

25 terms
Land Plants
Marchantia
Heptophyta
Sphagnum
Barophyta
Genus?
Phylum?
Genus
Phylum?
Marchantia
Genus?
Heptophyta
Phylum?
25 terms
Land Plants
adaptations for life on land
gametophyte
sporophyte
Non-vascular plant divisions
waxy cuticle with stomata... sterile tissue coating rep structur…
(n) produces gametes
(2n) produces spores
Bryophyta... Hepatophyta... Anthocerophyta
adaptations for life on land
waxy cuticle with stomata... sterile tissue coating rep structur…
gametophyte
(n) produces gametes
22 terms
Land Plants
Sporopollenin
Cuticle
Stomata
Pore
A durable polymer the covers exposed zygotes, preventing them…
A waxy covering on the external parts of plants to keep them…
Microscopic pores surrounded by guard cells that allow for ga…
Found in bryophytes to allow gas exchange
Sporopollenin
A durable polymer the covers exposed zygotes, preventing them…
Cuticle
A waxy covering on the external parts of plants to keep them…
30 terms
Land Plants
Archaeplastida
Ecosytem Services
Green algae
Transition to land; how did plants ada…
-Autotrophic... -Chlorophyll(stored in chloroplasts)... -Double me…
-6 H2O + 6 CO2 -> C6H12O6 + 6O2... -produce oxygen... -reduce atmos…
-photosynthetic pigments... -chlorophylls a & b, B-catotene... -ce…
-prevent water loss... -transport water and nutrients... -support p…
Archaeplastida
-Autotrophic... -Chlorophyll(stored in chloroplasts)... -Double me…
Ecosytem Services
-6 H2O + 6 CO2 -> C6H12O6 + 6O2... -produce oxygen... -reduce atmos…
12 terms
Land Plants
plants are called
Apical Meristems
chloroplasts
xylem
embryophytes
highly mitotic regions in stems in roots (help them grow up a…
for photosynthesis
water and minerals
plants are called
embryophytes
Apical Meristems
highly mitotic regions in stems in roots (help them grow up a…
9 terms
Land plants
Bryophyta
Hepatophyta
Lycophyta
Sphenophyta
Spiny, short, skinny... Mosses
Short big leaves thick spores ... Liverworts
Club Moses ... Skinny, scaley, weird roots
Horsetails ... Straw like... Bamboo like... Rigidly
Bryophyta
Spiny, short, skinny... Mosses
Hepatophyta
Short big leaves thick spores ... Liverworts
7 terms
Land Plants
Mnium Antheridium
Mnium Archegonium
Mnium Capsule
Selaginella strobilus
Spermatogenous Tissue is the dark tube things sticking out of…
The egg is the circle thing that stands out inside of it.
I do not really know how to the difference between this and t…
Looks like a leaf with pods in it that contain circles... megas…
Mnium Antheridium
Spermatogenous Tissue is the dark tube things sticking out of…
Mnium Archegonium
The egg is the circle thing that stands out inside of it.
12 terms
Land Plants
Bryophyta
Hepatophyta (Liverwort)
Club Moss
Spike Moss
Mixed Mosses, Gametophyte dominant and macrogametophyte, Wate…
Liverwort, gametophyte dominant and macrogametophyte, water r…
Lycophyte, seedless vascular plant, water required for reprod…
Lycophyte, seedless vascular plant, water required for reprod…
Bryophyta
Mixed Mosses, Gametophyte dominant and macrogametophyte, Wate…
Hepatophyta (Liverwort)
Liverwort, gametophyte dominant and macrogametophyte, water r…
24 terms
Land Plants
Evidence showing that Green Algae: Cha…
Benefits of Terrestrial Habitats
Challenges of terrestrial habitats
Sporopollenin
-Shape of cellulose synthesizing proteins... -Structure of flage…
-Unfiltered Light... -No herbivores... -Wide open spaces... -More carb…
-Support... -Water availability
Protects zygote from dessication
Evidence showing that Green Algae: Cha…
-Shape of cellulose synthesizing proteins... -Structure of flage…
Benefits of Terrestrial Habitats
-Unfiltered Light... -No herbivores... -Wide open spaces... -More carb…
14 terms
Land Plants
This development allowed plants live o…
Green algae most closely related to la…
Low-lying land plants that lack vascul…
First vascular plants with true roots,…
vascular tissue
charophytes
mosses
Lycophytes or club mosses
This development allowed plants live o…
vascular tissue
Green algae most closely related to la…
charophytes
25 terms
Land Plants
Hepaticophyta
Hepaticophyta
Hepaticophyta
Bryophyta
have cuticle
Develop stomata
Hepaticophyta
have cuticle
Hepaticophyta
7 terms
Land Plants
Charaphyte green algae
400 million years ago
Seed
Angiosperms
What is the most closely related organism to land plants?
When did land plants first emerge?
embryonic plant encased within protective coating, typically…
flowering plants
Charaphyte green algae
What is the most closely related organism to land plants?
400 million years ago
When did land plants first emerge?
51 terms
Land Plants
Describe the gametophyte in Vascular s…
Megaspore
microspore
Heterospory
-Reduced (most microscopic)... -all heterosporous
develop into female gametophyte
develop into male gametophyte
Has microsporangia and and megasporangia
Describe the gametophyte in Vascular s…
-Reduced (most microscopic)... -all heterosporous
Megaspore
develop into female gametophyte
42 terms
Land plants
Supergroup
Most closely related to?
Charophytes
Gametophyte
Archaeplastia
Green algae:... chlorophytes... charophytes*
-ring protein complex synthesis of cellulose... - flagellated sp…
- haploid (n)... - gamete producing stage
Supergroup
Archaeplastia
Most closely related to?
Green algae:... chlorophytes... charophytes*
12 terms
Land plants
Re: requirements for terrestial occupa…
Key adaptation summary
Liverworts and mossed
Features of moss
- Water balance and transport ... - Gas exchange ... - Structural s…
- Cuticle ... - Stomata ... - Vascular tissue: xylem+lignin... - Stems…
- Most primitive land plants
- Thin cuticle ... - Stomata ... - No vascular tissue ... - No roots…
Re: requirements for terrestial occupa…
- Water balance and transport ... - Gas exchange ... - Structural s…
Key adaptation summary
- Cuticle ... - Stomata ... - Vascular tissue: xylem+lignin... - Stems…
22 terms
Land Plants
The origin of land plants
Land Plant Synapomorphies
1. Alternation of Generations
2. Multicellular, Dependent Embryos
- Evolved from green algae... - Share a common ancestor with mod…
1. Alternation of generations... 2. Multicellular, dependent emb…
- Plants alternate between two multicellular stages... - The gam…
- Diploid embryo is kept within the tissue of female gametoph…
The origin of land plants
- Evolved from green algae... - Share a common ancestor with mod…
Land Plant Synapomorphies
1. Alternation of generations... 2. Multicellular, dependent emb…
17 terms
Land Plants
green algae
lack a vascular system; mosses
have well developed vascular systems b…
have vascular tissue and make seeds; l…
What are the closest living relatives to modern day land plan…
nonvascular plants...
seedless vascular plants....
seeded plants...
green algae
What are the closest living relatives to modern day land plan…
lack a vascular system; mosses
nonvascular plants...
13 terms
Land Plants
Ginkgophyta
Cycadophyta
Gnetophyta
Cupressophyta
Ginkgoes (Gymnosperms)
Cycads (Gymnosperms)
Gnetophytes (Gymnosperms)
Redwoods (Gymnosperms)
Ginkgophyta
Ginkgoes (Gymnosperms)
Cycadophyta
Cycads (Gymnosperms)
28 terms
Land Plants
Bryophytes
Hornworts, liverworts, bryophyte
cool damp places
capsule
Seedless nonvascular plants called _______
3 diff group in seedless nonvasucular plants
where would moss grow?
mosses do not have true roots they have _____
Bryophytes
Seedless nonvascular plants called _______
Hornworts, liverworts, bryophyte
3 diff group in seedless nonvasucular plants
10 terms
Land Plants
Non Vascular Plants have no
Non Vascular plants consist of (3)
Non Vascular plants have no stem, root…
Vascular Plants are non
veins
mosses, horseworts and liverworts
leaves
seed plants
Non Vascular Plants have no
veins
Non Vascular plants consist of (3)
mosses, horseworts and liverworts
10 terms
Land Plants
Synapomorphy
Cuticle
Gametangium
Sporophyte
A trait that arose in the ancestor of a phylogentic group and…
In plants, a waxy layer on the outer body surface that retard…
Any plant or fungal structure within which a gamete is formed.
In plants and protists with alternation of generations, the d…
Synapomorphy
A trait that arose in the ancestor of a phylogentic group and…
Cuticle
In plants, a waxy layer on the outer body surface that retard…
23 terms
Land Plants
land plants evolved from _____
characteristics of land plants
sporopellenin
mycorrhizae
green algae
alternation of generations... multicellular embryos dependent on…
gives rigidity and keep sporangia from drying out
"fungi fruit"
land plants evolved from _____
green algae
characteristics of land plants
alternation of generations... multicellular embryos dependent on…
11 terms
Land Plants
Land Plants general information
Oldest Fossil Vascular Plant
Charophyta
Land plants characterized by 7 adaptat…
-Multicellular ... -Photosynthetic... -Terrestrial
Rhynia Major (Aglaophyton) 450 million years old ... -No true le…
Chara/Green Algae: Multicellular group thought to be the clos…
1) Vascular tissue: conducts water and nutrients throughout p…
Land Plants general information
-Multicellular ... -Photosynthetic... -Terrestrial
Oldest Fossil Vascular Plant
Rhynia Major (Aglaophyton) 450 million years old ... -No true le…
37 terms
Land Plants
Mosses
Liverworts
Hornworts
Clubmosses
Bryophyta
Hepatophyta
Anthoerophyta
Lycophyta
Mosses
Bryophyta
Liverworts
Hepatophyta
9 terms
Land Plants
Plantae
Bryophytes (Non-Vascular Plants)
Seedless Vascular Plants
Seed Plants Synapomorphy
Red algae, green plants and glaucophyte algae
Liverworts, hornworts and mosses
Ferns and Lycophytes
Seeds and pollen
Plantae
Red algae, green plants and glaucophyte algae
Bryophytes (Non-Vascular Plants)
Liverworts, hornworts and mosses
34 terms
Land Plants
Bryophtes
Hornworts
Liverworts
Mosses
Nonvascular, seedless, N dominant
Anthocerophyta, stomata
Hepatophyta, no stomata
Bryophyta, stomata
Bryophtes
Nonvascular, seedless, N dominant
Hornworts
Anthocerophyta, stomata
25 terms
Land Plants
The diploid stage is multicellular in
Land plant cycle is haplodiplontic mea…
If the zygote goes through mitosis and…
What are spores?
Diplontic life cycle
multicellular haploids and diploids
Diplontic
asexual reproductive cells
The diploid stage is multicellular in
Diplontic life cycle
Land plant cycle is haplodiplontic mea…
multicellular haploids and diploids
73 terms
Land Plants
Land Plants
Land Plant Embryos
Nonvascular land plants
Vascular Plants
Monophyletic belong to clade Plantae. ... Closest relatives: Cha…
Develop from embyros protected by tissues of the parent plant…
Grow in moist environments ... Not tall due lack of transportin…
Live on land ... Possess fluid-conducting cells (tracheids)
Land Plants
Monophyletic belong to clade Plantae. ... Closest relatives: Cha…
Land Plant Embryos
Develop from embyros protected by tissues of the parent plant…
Land plants
Plant Timeline
Bryophytes-
gametophyte
Sporophyte
500 MYA plants appeared on land.... - Evolved from Chlorophyta (…
Moss... - gametophyte dominant... - Produce sperm (antheridium), an…
-Is produced as spores undergo mitosis, is multicellular and…
-Is created as diploid zygote (produced by gametophyte sperm…
Plant Timeline
500 MYA plants appeared on land.... - Evolved from Chlorophyta (…
Bryophytes-
Moss... - gametophyte dominant... - Produce sperm (antheridium), an…
Land Plants
bryophytes
seta
archegonia
antheridia
gametophytes are the dominant stage and are generally larger…
stalk, transports the nutrients to the sporangium, which prod…
The female gametangia are called
The male gametangia are called
bryophytes
gametophytes are the dominant stage and are generally larger…
seta
stalk, transports the nutrients to the sporangium, which prod…
9 terms
Land Plants
Describe adaptations for living on lan…
Flowering plants
Naked Seed Plants
NonVascular land plants
1.The cuticle- a membrane covered in waxes to retard water lo…
Angiosperms... Vascular W/ seeds... sporophyte dominant ... •Flowers... •…
Gymnosperms ... Vascular w/ seeds... sporophyte dominant ... •"naked s…
(Bryophytes)... -moss, liverworts, hornworts ... Nonvascular... gameto…
Describe adaptations for living on lan…
1.The cuticle- a membrane covered in waxes to retard water lo…
Flowering plants
Angiosperms... Vascular W/ seeds... sporophyte dominant ... •Flowers... •…
29 terms
Land plants
What is a plant
How did photosynthesis begin?
Primary Endosymbiosis
Chloroplasts
Eukaryotic/ multicellular. Plants do not move distict from an…
primary endosymbiosis
Endosymbiosis of Cyanobacteria in a larger prokaryote lead to…
Contain green pigment chlorophyll that absorbs light energy a…
What is a plant
Eukaryotic/ multicellular. Plants do not move distict from an…
How did photosynthesis begin?
primary endosymbiosis
26 terms
Land Plants
Land Plants
Charophytes
Benefits of Invading Land
Challenges of Invading Land
-Part of Archaeplastida --> Green Alga... -Charophytes are close…
-Prevent Zygotes from drying out by coating with polymer layer
-Abundance of sunlight and CO2... -Few Herbivores (predators) an…
-Lack of water... -Lack of structural support (no buyancy from w…
Land Plants
-Part of Archaeplastida --> Green Alga... -Charophytes are close…
Charophytes
-Prevent Zygotes from drying out by coating with polymer layer
41 terms
Land Plants
Mosses (liverworts) (hornworts)
Bryophytes
No
Wet
Seedless nonvascular plants include...
Seedless nonvascular plants are also called...
Do seedless nonvascular plants have true roots, stems, or lea…
What kind of habitats do moss grow in?
Mosses (liverworts) (hornworts)
Seedless nonvascular plants include...
Bryophytes
Seedless nonvascular plants are also called...
33 terms
Land Plants
Evolutionary History (3)
Characteristic #1
Characteristic #2
Characteristic #3
ability to live on land, vascular tissue, seeds
chloroplasts contain chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b (shared…
cell walls composed primarily of cellulose (not shared with g…
multicellularity; example of convergent evolution
Evolutionary History (3)
ability to live on land, vascular tissue, seeds
Characteristic #1
chloroplasts contain chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b (shared…
10 terms
Land Plants
Bryophyta
Hepatophyta
Athrophyta
Psilophyta
Mosses
Liverworts
Horsetails, Scouring rushes
Whiskferns
Bryophyta
Mosses
Hepatophyta
Liverworts
12 terms
Land Plants
Archaeplastids
Alternation of Generations
Land Plants
Land Plants
descendents of the organism in which the first chloroplastic…
a process in which multicellular diploid and haploid stages o…
also known as embryophytes
-alternation of generations... -larger size over all... -Multicellu…
Archaeplastids
descendents of the organism in which the first chloroplastic…
Alternation of Generations
a process in which multicellular diploid and haploid stages o…
35 terms
Land plants
Photosynthetic autotrophs
Cellulose
Alternation of generation
Sporophyte
The members of the plant kingdom are ... Because they capture…
Cell wall is composed of
Both diploid and haploid body forms
Diploid body is called
Photosynthetic autotrophs
The members of the plant kingdom are ... Because they capture…
Cellulose
Cell wall is composed of
22 terms
Land Plants
Mineral and Water Absoption
Water Conservation
Gravity
Xylem
rhizoids... roots... mycorrhizae
cuticle... stomata
plant vascular tissue... xylem and phloem become wood and bark f…
sends water and minerals up the plant
Mineral and Water Absoption
rhizoids... roots... mycorrhizae
Water Conservation
cuticle... stomata
Land Plants
Land Plant Characteristics
Nonvascular plants
Seedless vascular plants
Seeded Vascular plants
-Same pigments ad green algae, same cell wall, same storage c…
Plants with no vascular tissue and spores
Plants with vascular tissue but no seeds
Plants with seeds and v. tissue
Land Plant Characteristics
-Same pigments ad green algae, same cell wall, same storage c…
Nonvascular plants
Plants with no vascular tissue and spores
17 terms
Land Plants
Cellulose
Green Algae
Non-vascular plants
Seedless vascular plants
What are cell walls made out of?
Common ancestor?
no specialized cells/tissues that conduct nutrients
specialized vascular tissues but no seeds
Cellulose
What are cell walls made out of?
Green Algae
Common ancestor?
10 terms
Land Plants
Non-Vascular plants
Marchantiophyta
Anthocerotophyta
Bryophyta
Marchantiophyta, Anthocerotophyta, Bryophyta
liverworts
hornworts
mosses
Non-Vascular plants
Marchantiophyta, Anthocerotophyta, Bryophyta
Marchantiophyta
liverworts
23 terms
Land Plants
Sporopollenin
Key Traits of Land Plants
Cuticle
Stomata
prevents exposed zygotes from drying out
alternation of generations, multicellular, walled spores, mul…
a waxy outer layer to inhibit water loss
pores on photosynthetic surfaces that permit gas exchange, bu…
Sporopollenin
prevents exposed zygotes from drying out
Key Traits of Land Plants
alternation of generations, multicellular, walled spores, mul…
11 terms
Land plants
Non vascular plant characteristics:
Seedless (spore-bearing) vascular plan…
What is fern sori?
What is sporangia?
-Waxy cuticle to prevent water loss... -Stomata for gas exchange…
- Sporophyte dominant which grows from gametophyte... -Clubmosse…
-Contain and protect sporangia... -Underside of fronds
Place where spores are formed
Non vascular plant characteristics:
-Waxy cuticle to prevent water loss... -Stomata for gas exchange…
Seedless (spore-bearing) vascular plan…
- Sporophyte dominant which grows from gametophyte... -Clubmosse…
27 terms
Land Plants
true mosses... liverworts... hornworts
alternation of generations... gametophyte…
what is a shared characteristic of ant…
is the sporophyte dependent upon the g…
Bryophytes
all Bryophytes
small, thalloid body plan
yes
true mosses... liverworts... hornworts
Bryophytes
alternation of generations... gametophyte…
all Bryophytes
36 terms
Land Plants
Bryophyte Vascular ?
Bryophyte Seeds?
Bryophyte Flowers?
Bryphyte Homosporous or heterosporous?
No
no
no
heterosporous
Bryophyte Vascular ?
No
Bryophyte Seeds?
no
8 terms
Land Plants
When did they move to land?
What separates green algae from land p…
What features do mosses have? What lim…
What features do ferns have? What limi…
Plants originated from aquatic plants somewhere around 400 mi…
1) the development of the cuticle, a hydrophobic waxy coverin…
1) mosses are considered one of the most primitive land plant…
1) Ferns show the first development of vascular tissue and di…
When did they move to land?
Plants originated from aquatic plants somewhere around 400 mi…
What separates green algae from land p…
1) the development of the cuticle, a hydrophobic waxy coverin…
16 terms
Land Plants
What major clade are land plants in?
What were the first adaptations for li…
What does the cuticle do?
How do Guard cells allow plants to pre…
Archeaplastida
Cuticle (wax) and stomata (opening)
-Water proof preventing evaporation from upper surface... -scatt…
Specialized epidermal cells, called guard cells, form an open…
What major clade are land plants in?
Archeaplastida
What were the first adaptations for li…
Cuticle (wax) and stomata (opening)
9 terms
Land Plants
Cuticle
Stomata
Vascular Tissue
Seeds and pollen
Waxy, water proof layer on plants
Guard cells that are openings
moves water and nutrients up from the soil into the rest of t…
improves reproduction and survival of the next generation
Cuticle
Waxy, water proof layer on plants
Stomata
Guard cells that are openings
21 terms
Land Plants
Stuff that you probably already know
origins of land plants
non vascular land plants; division Bry…
vegetative structures
photosynthetic... - convert CO2 to glucose using sunlight energy…
relatedness determined using DNA sequencing... green algae posse…
dominant stage is haploid; produces gametes in archegonia (eg…
"rhizoids" not roots, grip the surface... may have stem- or leaf…
Stuff that you probably already know
photosynthetic... - convert CO2 to glucose using sunlight energy…
origins of land plants
relatedness determined using DNA sequencing... green algae posse…
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