Study sets matching "landscape restoration"

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Study sets matching "landscape restoration"

18 terms
Chapter 6 -Landscape and restoration
The element within the landscape that…
The equilibrium model of island biogeo…
Economic studies show that the loss of…
What shape of park is preferable for m…
Matrix
Immigration and extinction.
Industry mechanization and raw log exports rather than spotte…
Circular
The element within the landscape that…
Matrix
The equilibrium model of island biogeo…
Immigration and extinction.
Biomes, Landscapes, Restoration, and Management
barrier islands
benthos
biome
bog
low, narrow, sandy islands that form offshore from a coastline
the bottom of a sea or lake
A broad, regional type of ecosystem characterized by distinct…
An area of waterlogged soil that tends to be peaty; fed mainl…
barrier islands
low, narrow, sandy islands that form offshore from a coastline
benthos
the bottom of a sea or lake
Landscape Ecology, Conservation Biology & Restoration
Overharvesting
Habitat fragmentation
Habitat fragmentation almost always le…
Edge species are often very __________…
The harvesting of wild organisms at rates exceeding the abili…
Breaking up of a habitat into smaller areas, due to factors s…
The loss of species because the smaller populations in habita…
very different
Overharvesting
The harvesting of wild organisms at rates exceeding the abili…
Habitat fragmentation
Breaking up of a habitat into smaller areas, due to factors s…
25 terms
Chapter 5 - biomes, landscapes, restoration, & management
Terrestrial biome
deciduous forest
Coniferous forest
Desert
Areas that are similar in climate, soil, and communities whic…
Leaves fall off
Needle trees
Less than 10' ... Rocky ... 1/7 of world land ... Little moisture ... Tho…
Terrestrial biome
Areas that are similar in climate, soil, and communities whic…
deciduous forest
Leaves fall off
58 terms
Principles of Restoring Disturbed Landscapes (RENR 7003)
Define: Ecology
Define: Ecosystem
What are the 3 main components in an E…
Define: Restoration Ecology
Ecology - the study of relations among organisms, and between…
Ecosystem(s) are comprised of (a)biotic components, often com…
(a) Composition of species present (b) Structure of living/de…
Restoration Ecology - the scientific study of restoration met…
Define: Ecology
Ecology - the study of relations among organisms, and between…
Define: Ecosystem
Ecosystem(s) are comprised of (a)biotic components, often com…
152 terms
forests, parks, landscapes + wildlife, fisheries, endangered species + ecological restoration
What is ecological succession?
What is primary succession?
Exposed sandbars are an example of...
Newly formed islands are an example of…
the process of establishing or reestablishing an ecosystem
establishment of an ecological community on unoccupied site
primary succession
primary succession
What is ecological succession?
the process of establishing or reestablishing an ecosystem
What is primary succession?
establishment of an ecological community on unoccupied site
152 terms
forests, parks, landscapes + wildlife, fisheries, endangered species + ecological restoration
What is ecological succession?
What is primary succession?
Exposed sandbars are an example of...
Newly formed islands are an example of…
the process of establishing or reestablishing an ecosystem
establishment of an ecological community on unoccupied site
primary succession
primary succession
What is ecological succession?
the process of establishing or reestablishing an ecosystem
What is primary succession?
establishment of an ecological community on unoccupied site
Ch. 10- Ecological Restoration, Ch. 11- Agriculture, Aquaculture, and the Environment, Ch. 12- Landscapes: Forests, Parks, and Wilderness
what does adaptive mgmt involve?
practice of discovering condition nece…
providing assistance to the recovery o…
Originally introduced by people, Burme…
applying scientific principles to the mgmt of the environment
restoration ecology
ecological restoration
Everglades National Park
what does adaptive mgmt involve?
applying scientific principles to the mgmt of the environment
practice of discovering condition nece…
restoration ecology
49 terms
Restoration Ecology Final
Ecosystem
Ecological Restoration
Restoration Ecology
ecological restoration
Biota (plants and animals) + Environment (soil, water, climat…
the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that ha…
science
practice
Ecosystem
Biota (plants and animals) + Environment (soil, water, climat…
Ecological Restoration
the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that ha…
Wetland Restoration
Freshwater Marsh characteristics
Tidal Marsh Characteristics
Prairie Pothole characteristics
Vernal Pool Characteristics
mineral soil, cattails, sedges
near coast
glacial depressions, separate from ocean, synonymous with ver…
Glacial depressions that are seasonally inundated, separate f…
Freshwater Marsh characteristics
mineral soil, cattails, sedges
Tidal Marsh Characteristics
near coast
14 terms
6 - Landscape
Buffer Zone
Connectivity
Connectivity Thresholds
Extinction Threshold
Minimize impacts on natural features and functions and to max…
Increase connectivity by improving migration between isolate…
The movement of organisms between isolated patched is reduced…
Minimum population size required for long term persistence of…
Buffer Zone
Minimize impacts on natural features and functions and to max…
Connectivity
Increase connectivity by improving migration between isolate…
77 terms
Ecological Restoration - Exam 1
What is a functional group?
What is the difference between C4 and…
What is the saying relating resoration…
Species redundancy
A group with a certain job to do.... Ex: legumes fix N; fungi de…
C4 are warm season... C3 are cool season
"Build it and they will come" - we don't manage the animals,…
-Need several species that are in the same functional group t…
What is a functional group?
A group with a certain job to do.... Ex: legumes fix N; fungi de…
What is the difference between C4 and…
C4 are warm season... C3 are cool season
Restoration
Ecological Restoration
Ecosystem
Biotic Community
Taxonomic
is the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that…
1) Biota- (plants, animals, microorganism) ... 2) Environment-... 3…
Populations of species that comprise the biota
Insect community or Life Form (tree)
Ecological Restoration
is the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that…
Ecosystem
1) Biota- (plants, animals, microorganism) ... 2) Environment-... 3…
41 terms
Forest Restoration Exam 1
FAO Forest
Deforestation
Effects of Deforestation
Forest Degradation
non-ag land with tree cover of greater or equal to 10%
The conversion of forests to another land use.
decrease human well being... decrease biodiversity... decrease ecol…
Changes within a forest that affect the structure and functio…
FAO Forest
non-ag land with tree cover of greater or equal to 10%
Deforestation
The conversion of forests to another land use.
12 terms
Ecological restoration
ecological restoration
rehabilitation
Enhancement
reclamation
Process of intentionally altering a site to establish a defin…
Improves a site from its degraded state
Improves a few ecosystem functions in a site from its degrade…
Often associated with mines or waste dumps, in which the init…
ecological restoration
Process of intentionally altering a site to establish a defin…
rehabilitation
Improves a site from its degraded state
11 terms
Landscape: Readings: The beholding Eye
Landscape as Nature
Different ways of viewing landscape
Landscape as habitat
Landscape as artifact
Romantic ideal of pristine wilderness, wants to restore and n…
Landscape as nature... Landscape as habitat... landscape as artifac…
Rework nature into desirable form of landscape, earths in man…
No pristine nature, everything is slightly altered by man. Ma…
Landscape as Nature
Romantic ideal of pristine wilderness, wants to restore and n…
Different ways of viewing landscape
Landscape as nature... Landscape as habitat... landscape as artifac…
Ecological Restoration
Conceptual Ecological Model
Stressors
Direct Driver
Ecological Effects
A graphical representation of the important pathways and link…
The immediate changes to physical, chemical, and biological p…
Any natural or human induced factor that directly causes a ch…
Responses of species and ecosystems to stressors and drivers
Conceptual Ecological Model
A graphical representation of the important pathways and link…
Stressors
The immediate changes to physical, chemical, and biological p…
48 terms
Chapter 55: Ecosystems and Restoration Ecology
ecosystem
energy enters...
energy vs matter
both energy and matter can be neither...
the sum of all the organisms living in a given area and the a…
as sunlight.... it is converted to chemical energy by autotrophs…
energy flows through ecosystems, whereas matter cycles within…
created nor destroyed
ecosystem
the sum of all the organisms living in a given area and the a…
energy enters...
as sunlight.... it is converted to chemical energy by autotrophs…
47 terms
american landscape
beautiful landscape
picturesque
romantic landscapes
Lancelot Brown
brown, nature abhors a straight line, naturalistic
between the beautiful and sublime art awakens nature, view a…
sublime and grand awe inspiring... nature awakens art... spur the b…
paintings with sweeping lawns, clumps of trees, serpentine la…
beautiful landscape
brown, nature abhors a straight line, naturalistic
picturesque
between the beautiful and sublime art awakens nature, view a…
9 terms
Urban Landscape I
South Garden at the Art Institute of C…
Bryant Park Restoration
Theater Square
Exchange Square
Dan Kiley, Chicago, 1962
Hanna/Olin, NYC
West 8, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Martha Schwartz, Manchester, England
South Garden at the Art Institute of C…
Dan Kiley, Chicago, 1962
Bryant Park Restoration
Hanna/Olin, NYC
Landscape Terms
Contour
Contour Lines
Contract
Cornice
Refers to the shape and the way land is formed.
Used for the purpose of depicting and measuring slopes and dr…
Actual written agreement between that outlines all of the Ter…
Uppermost portion of an internal or external wall's molding.
Contour
Refers to the shape and the way land is formed.
Contour Lines
Used for the purpose of depicting and measuring slopes and dr…
33 terms
Final Exam - Landscape Urbanism
RESTORING Landscapes
RESTORING Landscape People
RESTORATIVE Landscapes
RESTORATIVE Landscape People
survey of local and regional conditions should precede any pl…
Patrick Geddes
- landscape for healing... - simple pleasures of being in nature…
David Kemp, Nona Evans
RESTORING Landscapes
survey of local and regional conditions should precede any pl…
RESTORING Landscape People
Patrick Geddes
19 terms
Glaciated Landscape Systems
Ablation
Accumulation
Deposition
Equilibrium
The loss of snow and ice, especially from a glacier, through…
The addition or gain of snow and ice to a glacier over time.
The laying down of sediment transported by rivers, waves, gla…
A long-term balance between inputs and outputs in a system.
Ablation
The loss of snow and ice, especially from a glacier, through…
Accumulation
The addition or gain of snow and ice to a glacier over time.
136 terms
Ecological Restoration Exam 2
What are the three questions you shoul…
When discussing the importance of some…
What should we consider when mimicking…
When planting grasses and forbs, what…
1. do communities have a minimum number of spp or organisms i…
function... life form (tree, shrub, grass, forb?)... keystone spp... F…
phenology (timing of natural events)... succession... species place…
Plant forbs first so they become established. Grasses tend to…
What are the three questions you shoul…
1. do communities have a minimum number of spp or organisms i…
When discussing the importance of some…
function... life form (tree, shrub, grass, forb?)... keystone spp... F…
23 terms
Restoration
Principle freshwater threats
Principle management actions
Restoration
Goals of restoration
species introductions, dams and weirs, water quality problems…
rehabilitation, stock enhancement
the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that ha…
1. Provide habitat for individual species or a suite of speci…
Principle freshwater threats
species introductions, dams and weirs, water quality problems…
Principle management actions
rehabilitation, stock enhancement
89 terms
Restoration Ecology Final exam
restoration ecology:
When was restoration ecology establish…
Who does restoration projects?
wetland mitigation banking:
assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded…
1980's; landscape architects, horticulturists, urban planner
private individuals, conservation groups, government agencies
established by states; where wetlands credits are acquired th…
restoration ecology:
assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded…
When was restoration ecology establish…
1980's; landscape architects, horticulturists, urban planner
38 terms
Restoration ecology
What is ecological restoration?
When is an ecosystem considered restor…
What are ruderal plants
What are segetals?
The process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that ha…
When it contains sufficient biotic and abiotic resources to c…
Plants that grow in disturbed areas
Plants that grow intermixed with crops species.
What is ecological restoration?
The process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that ha…
When is an ecosystem considered restor…
When it contains sufficient biotic and abiotic resources to c…
Landscape Analysis Midterm
Macro-climate
Geomorphlogy
Disturbance
Patch
Climate of a broad area
Study of the formation of geologic features
Change in environmental conditions for a large area ... Requires…
Area different from its surrounding, large enough to be mapable
Macro-climate
Climate of a broad area
Geomorphlogy
Study of the formation of geologic features
28 terms
Ch. 21: Landscape Ecology
Landscape Ecology
Patches
Landscape Matrix
Heterogeneity
Multiple ecosystems and complex interactions
Individual ecosystems within a landscape mosaic. They differ…
Spatially predominant element of landscape; what surrounds pa…
Diverse species occupying a small area. Old Growth Forest vs…
Landscape Ecology
Multiple ecosystems and complex interactions
Patches
Individual ecosystems within a landscape mosaic. They differ…
43 terms
restoration ecology
ecological theory
restoration ecology
ecological restoration
ecological theory, restoration ecology…
body of theory that explains patterns and processes in nature
link between ecological theory and ecological restoration, de…
practice of rehabilitating degraded ecological systems, usual…
linkages exist between
ecological theory
body of theory that explains patterns and processes in nature
restoration ecology
link between ecological theory and ecological restoration, de…
91 terms
Restoration Ecology Midterm Review: Glossary of Terms
Abandonment
Acidification
Adaptation
Adaptive management
Temporary or permanent interruption of previous management re…
A process that results in a lowering of pH values of a soil o…
Processes by which an organism or human society adjusts to it…
An approach to management that encourages periodic changes in…
Abandonment
Temporary or permanent interruption of previous management re…
Acidification
A process that results in a lowering of pH values of a soil o…
restoration exam 1
restoration ecology
use policy
community
community organization
process of assisting recovery of a damaged ecology
describe how people can interact with the site
group of interacting species living together in same place an…
variation in space
restoration ecology
process of assisting recovery of a damaged ecology
use policy
describe how people can interact with the site
Chapter 55: Ecosystems and restoration ecology
ecosystem
energy flow... chemical cycling
matter cannot be created or destroyed
open
An _______ consists of all the organisms living in a communit…
Regardless of an ecosystem's size, its dynamics involve two m…
The law of conservation of mass states :
are ecosystems open or closed systems?
ecosystem
An _______ consists of all the organisms living in a communit…
energy flow... chemical cycling
Regardless of an ecosystem's size, its dynamics involve two m…
26 terms
Ecological Restoration
Ecological Restoration focuses on
context of eco restoration
in isolation eco restoration
mainstream environmental ethics
whole ecosystems and not individual species, although compone…
attempt to recreate natural plant and naimal community that i…
is anthropocentric exercise, having value in human-based realm
focuses upon preservation of species and ecosystems not just…
Ecological Restoration focuses on
whole ecosystems and not individual species, although compone…
context of eco restoration
attempt to recreate natural plant and naimal community that i…
56 terms
Landscape Ecology Exam 2
Classification of LULC types
FRAGSTATS
Metric
Think critically when using FRAGSTATS...
-Mapped areas are assigned to categories selected for a given…
A specialized software used to compute landscape metrics; wor…
An algorithm that quantifies specific spatial characteristics…
-Easy to calculate numerous metrics... -Metrics are sensitive to…
Classification of LULC types
-Mapped areas are assigned to categories selected for a given…
FRAGSTATS
A specialized software used to compute landscape metrics; wor…
6 terms
Precedent and Projects (wk 5) urban landscape 1
South Garden at the Art Institute of C…
Bryant Park Restoration
Theatre Square
Exchange Square
Dan Kiley, Chicago, Illinois, 1962
Hanna/Olin, New York, New York
West 8, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Martha Schwartz, Manchester, England
South Garden at the Art Institute of C…
Dan Kiley, Chicago, Illinois, 1962
Bryant Park Restoration
Hanna/Olin, New York, New York
48 terms
Chapter 55: Ecosystems and Restoration Ecology
ecosystem
energy enters...
energy vs matter
both energy and matter can be neither...
the sum of all the organisms living in a given area and the a…
as sunlight.... it is converted to chemical energy by autotrophs…
energy flows through ecosystems, whereas matter cycles within…
created nor destroyed
ecosystem
the sum of all the organisms living in a given area and the a…
energy enters...
as sunlight.... it is converted to chemical energy by autotrophs…
Restoration Midterm
Ecosystem integrity
Ecosystem Health
Resilience
Resistance
Shows biodiversity characteristics of the reference ecosystem…
Ecosystem that functions normally relative to its reference e…
able to recover after disturbance (Ex. forest after fire)
largely unaffected by disturbance/avoids disturbance (Ex. flo…
Ecosystem integrity
Shows biodiversity characteristics of the reference ecosystem…
Ecosystem Health
Ecosystem that functions normally relative to its reference e…
49 terms
Restoration Ecology
succession
phytoremediation
metapopulation
biota
regular progression of communities replacing each other on a…
using plants to restore soils that have toxins or contaminets
A set of geographically isolated subpopulations that are inte…
the animal and plant life of a particular region, habitat, or…
succession
regular progression of communities replacing each other on a…
phytoremediation
using plants to restore soils that have toxins or contaminets
143 terms
Restoration Ecology
Complex Adaptive Systems
Emergent Properties of a Complex Adapt…
Ecology
Values
-Diverse Components... -Localized Interactions (Not all interact…
-self-organizing... -adaptation... -feedbacks, homeostasis... -non-lin…
What will happen/what's happening
what should happen (restoration ecology is value driven)
Complex Adaptive Systems
-Diverse Components... -Localized Interactions (Not all interact…
Emergent Properties of a Complex Adapt…
-self-organizing... -adaptation... -feedbacks, homeostasis... -non-lin…
35 terms
ecological restoration
ecology
ecological restoration
restoration ecology
habitat
study of interactions between living things and their environ…
the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that ha…
the scientific practices that constitute an emergent sub disc…
the natural home or environment of an organism
ecology
study of interactions between living things and their environ…
ecological restoration
the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that ha…
Restoration Ecology
Ecological Restoration
Restoration ecology v. Ecological rest…
Origins of Restoration Ecology:... Giffor…
Origins of Restoration Ecology:... Aldo L…
Repair some of the damage we have caused using methods that a…
Restoration ecology = science... Ecological restoration = the pr…
First head of the U.S. FOREST SERVICE... Pioneer in resource man…
Pioneer in RESTORATION ECOLOGY... - tested theories about conser…
Ecological Restoration
Repair some of the damage we have caused using methods that a…
Restoration ecology v. Ecological rest…
Restoration ecology = science... Ecological restoration = the pr…
Unit 6- Environmental Restoration
Origin of Restoration
Types of Disturbances
Primary Succession
Secondary Succession
Aldo Leopold
Fire, floods, drought, storms, volcanoes, human activity, lar…
sequence of species on newly exposed landforms that have not…
Occurs when vegetation of an area has been partially of compl…
Origin of Restoration
Aldo Leopold
Types of Disturbances
Fire, floods, drought, storms, volcanoes, human activity, lar…
26 terms
Ecological Restoration
Restoration
Rehabilitation
Remediation
Reclamation
a bringing back to a former position or condition; a restorin…
to restore to a former state (as of efficiency, good manageme…
the act of rectifying or making good; A process rather than a…
the act or process of restoring to use (To bring to a usable…
Restoration
a bringing back to a former position or condition; a restorin…
Rehabilitation
to restore to a former state (as of efficiency, good manageme…
24 terms
AP Biology Ch.56- Conservation Biology and Restoration Ecology
conservation biology
restoration ecology
genetic, species, and ecosystem
habitat loss
The integrated study of ecology, evolutionary biology, physio…
Applying ecological principles in an effort to return ecosyst…
3 levels of biodiversity
the most important of the 3 main threats to biodiversity; cau…
conservation biology
The integrated study of ecology, evolutionary biology, physio…
restoration ecology
Applying ecological principles in an effort to return ecosyst…
40 terms
Restoration Ecology mid-term
driver
attribute
stressor
ecological systems... ecological communit…
natural or human-induced factor that causes a change in an ec…
component of an ecosystem that has value
immediate change to physical, chemical, or biological propert…
types of attributes
driver
natural or human-induced factor that causes a change in an ec…
attribute
component of an ecosystem that has value
28 terms
GEOLOGY AND LANDSCAPE
geology
terrain
uplift
destructive
地质学
地形
升高
破坏的
geology
地质学
terrain
地形
56 terms
Exam 2 Landscape
Beautiful Landscape
Picturesque Landscape
Romantic Landscape
Wilson 1762
Brown Nature abhors a straight line. Naturalistic. Smooth sen…
Between the beautiful and the sublime. Art weakens nature. Vi…
Sublime and Grand- awe inspiring. Nature weakens art. Spur th…
"Solitude"
Beautiful Landscape
Brown Nature abhors a straight line. Naturalistic. Smooth sen…
Picturesque Landscape
Between the beautiful and the sublime. Art weakens nature. Vi…
58 terms
ENVR RESTORATION
Hierarchical "filter" framework
Species pool
Core vs Satellite Species
Dispersal
1. Regional processes - species pool, dispersal barriers, col…
composition and abundance of species in a local community is…
Core species - most abundant species found at almost all site…
distance from undisturbed sites and the size of the restored…
Hierarchical "filter" framework
1. Regional processes - species pool, dispersal barriers, col…
Species pool
composition and abundance of species in a local community is…
40 terms
Eco Restoration Exam 1
Restoration
3 things needed to restore:
characteristics of a restored ecosystem:
functional groups
return an ecosystem to a condition that resembles its natural…
1. plan ... 2. implement... 3. evaluate/assess
1. appropriate species (that provide community structure)... 2.…
...
Restoration
return an ecosystem to a condition that resembles its natural…
3 things needed to restore:
1. plan ... 2. implement... 3. evaluate/assess
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