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42 terms
Child psych - Chapter 6: Language & Intelligence
Language
Theories of language development
Learning theory
Limits & criticisms with learning theory
1. Communication system ... - productive language ... - receptive l…
3 theories ... 1. Learning theory = nurture ... 2. Nativist theory…
- Skinner --> operant conditioning ... - Language = behaviour ... -…
- There are too many words, sounds, rules to realistically re…
Language
1. Communication system ... - productive language ... - receptive l…
Theories of language development
3 theories ... 1. Learning theory = nurture ... 2. Nativist theory…
66 terms
Language Disorders Chapter 6
Representativeness
Spontaneity
(LCC)^3 aka "the three c's"
Language Contextual Variables
or typicalness ; can be addressed by ensuring spontaneity and…
can be achieved if a child and a conversational partner engag…
a) less clinician control... b) less clinician contrivance... c) le…
include task or purpose of the activity, the opportunities to…
Representativeness
or typicalness ; can be addressed by ensuring spontaneity and…
Spontaneity
can be achieved if a child and a conversational partner engag…
29 terms
Chapter 6: Language Variation
Regional Dialect
Social Dialect
Historical/Diachronic Linguistics
Semantic Pejoration
Marks off the residents of one region from those of other reg…
Variety associated with a specific social class or group whic…
Language differentiates internally as speakers distance thems…
Worsening ... - e.g. Mistress used to mean female head of househ…
Regional Dialect
Marks off the residents of one region from those of other reg…
Social Dialect
Variety associated with a specific social class or group whic…
18 terms
Medical Language Chapter 6
Germ
Coloro
Juice
Cell
Blasto
Chromo, chromato
Chylo
Cyto
Germ
Blasto
Coloro
Chromo, chromato
16 terms
Language development chapter 6
Event-based knowledge
Taxonomic knowledge
do-what-you-usually do and act-on-the-…
-Play is not goal oriented, so it remo…
consists of sequences of events or routines that are temporal…
consists of categories and classes of words. New words are co…
Toddlers may use these two strategies for comprehension of th…
how can play be an ideal vehicle for language acquisition?
Event-based knowledge
consists of sequences of events or routines that are temporal…
Taxonomic knowledge
consists of categories and classes of words. New words are co…
60 terms
Language Disorders Chapter 6
Minimum Contextual Support
Maximum Contextual Support
Representativeness
(LCC)3 formula
Naturalistic interaction; no prompts, toys, props, or activit…
Controlled and contrived interaction to elicit particular str…
Spontaneous sampling is the only way to hold content, form, a…
less clinician control; less clinician contrivance; less cons…
Minimum Contextual Support
Naturalistic interaction; no prompts, toys, props, or activit…
Maximum Contextual Support
Controlled and contrived interaction to elicit particular str…
154 terms
The Language of Medicine-Chapter 6
esophag/o
-eal
-emesis
-ectasis, -ectasia
esophagus
pertaining to
vomiting
stretching, dilation
esophag/o
esophagus
-eal
pertaining to
78 terms
Speech & Language Chapter 6
First words
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
gestures
referential gestures
develops around 12 months ... True word marks the transition fro…
These refer to the idiosyncratic word like productions that d…
Younger toddlers use a combination of gestures and verbal pro…
A type of gesture which has a specific referent and is used f…
First words
develops around 12 months ... True word marks the transition fro…
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
These refer to the idiosyncratic word like productions that d…
192 terms
Medical Language Chapter 6
Electr/o-
-lyte
Hemat/o-
-poiesis
Electricity
Dissolved substance
Blood
Process of formation
Electr/o-
Electricity
-lyte
Dissolved substance
41 terms
Language Disorders chapter 6
8 "to be" verbs
Three developmental stages
Prenatal risk factors
Prematurity risk factors
am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being
1. Newborn period... 2. Preintentional period (1-8mo)... 3. Preling…
alcohol, drugs, infections the mother may have encountered, d…
low birth weight is less than 5.5 lbs... very low birth weight i…
8 "to be" verbs
am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being
Three developmental stages
1. Newborn period... 2. Preintentional period (1-8mo)... 3. Preling…
14 terms
Chapter 6, Language in Social Contexts
back-channel feedback
cohesive devices
communicative competence
dialect
verbal and nonverbal behaviors that indicate to the speaker c…
a way to link the content of different parts of a conversatio…
linguistic competence plus knowledge of the social rules for…
a systematic subvariety of a language spoken by a sizable gro…
back-channel feedback
verbal and nonverbal behaviors that indicate to the speaker c…
cohesive devices
a way to link the content of different parts of a conversatio…
35 terms
Chapter 6 - Components of Our Language System
Language system is made up of:
semantic system
morphemes
combination of morphemes (morphology)
semantic, syntactic, & phonological system
what language means
smallest meaningful unit in a language
are the building blocks of vocabulary which can be ... - a singl…
Language system is made up of:
semantic, syntactic, & phonological system
semantic system
what language means
42 terms
Chapter 6 Language
Which European country has a rather sh…
What has the French government done to…
The crucial element in language is
Hawaii and Louisiana are examples of s…
Belgium
banned foreign words in advertising and on radio and T.V., es…
vocalization
official bilingual policies
Which European country has a rather sh…
Belgium
What has the French government done to…
banned foreign words in advertising and on radio and T.V., es…
18 terms
Chapter 6 Language Arts
Digress
Digress
Digress
Digress
To stray from the topic of discussion.
Ramble
Stay
An unprepared speaker will often ___ from his original subject.
Digress
To stray from the topic of discussion.
Digress
Ramble
Chapter 6 - Language in Action
communicative competence
community of practice
dialect
discourse analysis
the ability to speak a language well; the ability to use a la…
a group of individuals who interact regularly, developing uni…
a specific variety or subdivision of a language; a way of spe…
the study of how authority and power are distributed and nego…
communicative competence
the ability to speak a language well; the ability to use a la…
community of practice
a group of individuals who interact regularly, developing uni…
30 terms
Language Acquisition Chapter 6
toddler
7
reference principle
mutual exclusivity
children ages 12-24 months
how many receptive biases/constraints do toddlers use to aid…
assumes that people refer (words stand for entities to which…
each referent has a unique symbol (can't have 2 names for the…
toddler
children ages 12-24 months
7
how many receptive biases/constraints do toddlers use to aid…
35 terms
chapter 6: language development
babbling
bilingualism
categorical perception
collective monologues
repetitive consonant-vowel sequences (bababa) or hand shapes…
ability to use two languages
perception of speech sounds as belonging to discrete categories
conversations between children that involve a series of non s…
babbling
repetitive consonant-vowel sequences (bababa) or hand shapes…
bilingualism
ability to use two languages
17 terms
Chapter 6 Language Development
A pattern-finding technique that accou…
Process of learning language in which…
Request for clarification, such as "Wh…
A pattern-finding technique that accou…
Analogy
Bootstrapping
contingent query
Entrenchment
A pattern-finding technique that accou…
Analogy
Process of learning language in which…
Bootstrapping
64 terms
Language Development--Chapter6
comprehension
comprehension
generativity
phonemes
the ability to understand what is being said to you
Which happens first, comprehension or production?
anything can be expressed through combination of finite numbe…
units of sound
comprehension
the ability to understand what is being said to you
comprehension
Which happens first, comprehension or production?
46 terms
Chapter 6: Language
Which of the following European countr…
Hawaii and New Mexico are examples of…
Which is not true of Quebec?
______________ of internet content is…
Belgium
Official bilingual policies
It is 100% French speaking.
68%
Which of the following European countr…
Belgium
Hawaii and New Mexico are examples of…
Official bilingual policies
31 terms
language learning - chapter 6
symbolic representation
phoneme
morpheme
semantics
idea that one thing can stand for another
building blocks of a language; unique sounds that can be join…
smallest units of meaning in a language
word meanings; involves attaching symbolic sounds to real wor…
symbolic representation
idea that one thing can stand for another
phoneme
building blocks of a language; unique sounds that can be join…
32 terms
Chapter 6: Language Development
comprehension
production
generativity
phonemes
with regard to language, understanding what other say (or sig…
with regard to language, speaking (or writing or signing) to…
refers to the idea that through the use of finite set of word…
the elementary units of meaningful sound used to produce lang…
comprehension
with regard to language, understanding what other say (or sig…
production
with regard to language, speaking (or writing or signing) to…
20 terms
Language arts vocabulary chapter 6
Agenda
Amiable
Befuddle
Blight
The program for a meeting; a list, outline, or plan of thins…
Friendly, good-natured
To confuse, make stupid
A disease that causes plants to wither and die; a condition o…
Agenda
The program for a meeting; a list, outline, or plan of thins…
Amiable
Friendly, good-natured
20 terms
Psychology Chapter 6: Language
phoneme
morpheme
semantics
syntax
a sounds that makes a meaningful difference in a language
a string of one or more sounds that make up the smallest unit…
the meaning of words in a language
the rules of grammar in a language
phoneme
a sounds that makes a meaningful difference in a language
morpheme
a string of one or more sounds that make up the smallest unit…
32 terms
Chapter 6 Intelligence and Language
Language
General Intelligence Factor
Crystallized inelligence
Fluid intelligence
A system communication that uses symbols in a regular way to…
The construct that the different abilities and skills measure…
Which refers to the accumulated knowledge of the world we hav…
Which refers to the capacity to learn new ways of solving pro…
Language
A system communication that uses symbols in a regular way to…
General Intelligence Factor
The construct that the different abilities and skills measure…
83 terms
Medical Language Chapter 6
1 ABO blood group
2 antibody
3 antigen
4 blood
1 Category that includes blood types A, B, AB, and O. Blood t…
2 Produced by a B cell when it becomes a plasma cell. It is a…
3 Protein marker on the cell membrane of an erythrocyte that…
4 Type of connective tissue that contains formed elements (bl…
1 ABO blood group
1 Category that includes blood types A, B, AB, and O. Blood t…
2 antibody
2 Produced by a B cell when it becomes a plasma cell. It is a…
31 terms
Language Development Chapter 6
analogy
bootstrapping
contingent query
entrenchment
pattern finding technique that accounts for how children crea…
process of learning language in which a child uses what he or…
request for clarification: such as what? huh?
pattern finding technique that accounts for how children conf…
analogy
pattern finding technique that accounts for how children crea…
bootstrapping
process of learning language in which a child uses what he or…
31 terms
Chapter 6 Language Development
symbols
comprehension
production
generativity
systems for representing our thoughts, feelings, and knowledg…
with regard to language, understanding what other say (or sig…
with regard to language, speaking to others
refers to the idea that through the use of the finite set of…
symbols
systems for representing our thoughts, feelings, and knowledg…
comprehension
with regard to language, understanding what other say (or sig…
10 terms
Language Arts Chapter 6
Aptitude
Inept
Adjunct
Conjugate
A natrual talent
Without skill
An added part not essential to the whole
To give forms of verbs in a fixed order
Aptitude
A natrual talent
Inept
Without skill
54 terms
Language Files Chapter 6
Extension
Intension
semantic features... (semantic components)
matrix of contrastive components
in language change, a diachronic semantic change by which the…
the set of characteristics or properties by which the referen…
the components of meaning carried by a given word
a table that compares and contrasts similar words by showing…
Extension
in language change, a diachronic semantic change by which the…
Intension
the set of characteristics or properties by which the referen…
10 terms
Language Arts Chapter 6
preservation
conservative
observant
constrict
the act or process of saving.
not taking chances; disliking change not extreme
paying careful attention to; noticing much
to squeeze tightly.
preservation
the act or process of saving.
conservative
not taking chances; disliking change not extreme
37 terms
Chapter 6 Lodging Language
Front Office
Front Desk
FOM
Property Management System (PMS)
the department within the hotel responsible for guest reserva…
the area within the hotel used for guest registration and pay…
the hotel industry term for a front office manager
the industry term for the computerized system used to record…
Front Office
the department within the hotel responsible for guest reserva…
Front Desk
the area within the hotel used for guest registration and pay…
10 terms
Language Arts Chapter 6
Amicable
Anguish
Blithe
Defiant
Friendly
To suffer, great pain
Carefree or cheerful
Challenging authority
Amicable
Friendly
Anguish
To suffer, great pain
Chapter 6 medical language
Conduction... System
Triglycericle
Muscle
Necrosis
The ____ _____ generates and maintain the cardias system
Fatty substance or lipids are called_______
The myocardium consist of heart _______
Death of tissue
Conduction... System
The ____ _____ generates and maintain the cardias system
Triglycericle
Fatty substance or lipids are called_______
32 terms
Greys Gonzalez Chapter 6: Learning and Language Development
Behavior modification
Classical Conditioning
Conditioned response ( CR)
Conditioned stimulus (CS)
The uses of operant conditioning techniques to bring about de…
Learning the elicit an involuntary response to a stimulus oth…
Learned response to a conditioned stimulus
Stimulus that becomes able to produce a learned response by b…
Behavior modification
The uses of operant conditioning techniques to bring about de…
Classical Conditioning
Learning the elicit an involuntary response to a stimulus oth…
20 terms
language arts chapter 6
atone
bondage
credible
defray
to make up for
slavery, any state of being held down
believable
to pay for
atone
to make up for
bondage
slavery, any state of being held down
43 terms
Language Development (Chapter 6)
Imitation Theory
Language Acquisition Device
Middle Ground
Processes/Abilities used in Learning
-Input is critical... -Learn to parrot what hear
-Language is too complex to learn via imitation... -Built-in sys…
-Figuring out what's built in, when things develop, relation…
-Associative learning... -Imitation... -Tracking conditional probab…
Imitation Theory
-Input is critical... -Learn to parrot what hear
Language Acquisition Device
-Language is too complex to learn via imitation... -Built-in sys…
10 terms
Language Arts Chapter 6
Amicable
Anguish
Blithe
Defiant
having a spirit of friendliness
severe mental or physical pain or suffering
showing a casual and cheerful indifference considered to be c…
showing defiance
Amicable
having a spirit of friendliness
Anguish
severe mental or physical pain or suffering
18 terms
Chapter 6: "Using Language"
Code Switching
Code Mixing
Honorifics
Jargon
Changing the language code one uses depending upon the social…
Changing the language one uses during a conversation.
Special terms used and modifications made to other words in o…
Vocabulary used by insiders to a particular profession; it is…
Code Switching
Changing the language code one uses depending upon the social…
Code Mixing
Changing the language one uses during a conversation.
28 terms
Language Disorders Chapter 6
mental retardation
intellectual disability
intelligence quotient (IQ)
IQ for intellectual disability
term used for intellectual disability until 2002
disability characterized by significant limitations both in i…
measure of intellectual functioning as result of intelligence…
"approximately 70 or below"
mental retardation
term used for intellectual disability until 2002
intellectual disability
disability characterized by significant limitations both in i…
12 terms
Chapter 6 Figurative Language
Figurative Language
Simile
Metaphor
Onomatopoeia
suggested comparisons between two dissimilar things to create…
differentiation of two unlike things such as like or as.
is when you are comparing two things, but you don't use the w…
sound effects
Figurative Language
suggested comparisons between two dissimilar things to create…
Simile
differentiation of two unlike things such as like or as.
9 terms
chapter 6 language disorders
developmental or normative approach
functional approach
incidental teaching
focused stimulation
involves the SLP intervention targets on language development…
an approach to intervention where children are taught specifi…
this method uses verbal interactions that arise naturally out…
if the child needs to work on a particular structure the clin…
developmental or normative approach
involves the SLP intervention targets on language development…
functional approach
an approach to intervention where children are taught specifi…
54 terms
Language Files Chapter 6
Extension
Intension
semantic features... (semantic components)
matrix of contrastive components
in language change, a diachronic semantic change by which the…
the set of characteristics or properties by which the referen…
the components of meaning carried by a given word
a table that compares and contrasts similar words by showing…
Extension
in language change, a diachronic semantic change by which the…
Intension
the set of characteristics or properties by which the referen…
121 terms
Language of Medicine: Chapter 6
-ectasis, -ectasia
-emesis
-pepsia
-phagia
dilation, widening
vomiting
digestion
eating, swallowing
-ectasis, -ectasia
dilation, widening
-emesis
vomiting
27 terms
Language Development Chapter 6
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
referential gestures
customary age of production
age of mastery
The idiosyncratic wordlike productions that children use cons…
Gestures such as holding a fist to an ear to indicate telepho…
The age by which 50% of children can produce a given sound in…
The age by which most children produce a sound in an adultlik…
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
The idiosyncratic wordlike productions that children use cons…
referential gestures
Gestures such as holding a fist to an ear to indicate telepho…
14 terms
AP Human Geography: Chapter 6: Language
Literary Tradition
Dialet
Language Branch
Language Group
the written form of a language
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary,…
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor t…
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common…
Literary Tradition
the written form of a language
Dialet
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary,…
18 terms
Chapter 6 - Language
What are the 5 characteristics of lang…
symbols used to represent things that…
language that does not have precise, c…
words are not concrete or tangible ite…
1. arbitrary ... 2. ambiguous... 3. abstract... 4. hierarchical... 5. spo…
arbitrary
ambiguous
abstract
What are the 5 characteristics of lang…
1. arbitrary ... 2. ambiguous... 3. abstract... 4. hierarchical... 5. spo…
symbols used to represent things that…
arbitrary
18 terms
Chapter 6 Language disabilities
Three main reasons a child communicates
Personal reason
Social reason
Instrument reason
Personal, social, and Instrument reasons
for the child's on physical pleasure- infant babbling just to…
communication is used to comment on the environment and creat…
communication that occurs to get a need/ want met
Three main reasons a child communicates
Personal, social, and Instrument reasons
Personal reason
for the child's on physical pleasure- infant babbling just to…
34 terms
chapter 6 language (aphg)
backward reconstruction
conquest theory
creole language
deep reconstruction
techniques used to track sounds shifts "backward" toward the…
theory of how Proto-Indo-European language diffused into Euro…
a stable language resulting from the blend of two or more lan…
when a language is reproduced from its beginnings
backward reconstruction
techniques used to track sounds shifts "backward" toward the…
conquest theory
theory of how Proto-Indo-European language diffused into Euro…
30 terms
APHG Chapter 6 Language
language
multi intelligibility
standard language
dialects
a set of sounds and symbols that are used for communication
the ability of two people to understand each other when speak…
a language that a country's political and intellectual elite…
regional characteristics of a language, has distinctive gramm…
language
a set of sounds and symbols that are used for communication
multi intelligibility
the ability of two people to understand each other when speak…
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