Study sets matching "lang chapter 6"

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Chapter 6: language
What do they speak in Brussels, Belgium?
the largest languague family in europe…
language families in europe?
sub families of indo-european?
Flemish and French
nostratic, prototindo-european, indo-european
indo-european, uralic, basque, altaic
romance, slavic, germanic
What do they speak in Brussels, Belgium?
Flemish and French
the largest languague family in europe…
nostratic, prototindo-european, indo-european
chapter 6 language acquisition
language acquisition device
broca's area
morpheme
syntax
inborn schema that allows a human to learn and use language
an area in the left frontal lobe of the brain that is devoted…
the smallest unit of meaning within a language
a system of rules for combining words and phrases to form gra…
language acquisition device
inborn schema that allows a human to learn and use language
broca's area
an area in the left frontal lobe of the brain that is devoted…
Chapter 6 English-Language Oracy Development
oracy
communicative competence
4 components of communicative competence
grammatical competence
ability to speak and listen
the use of language in a social setting is the key to languag…
grammatical competence,... sociolinguistic competence,... discourse…
skills & knowledge necessary to speak/write effectively
oracy
ability to speak and listen
communicative competence
the use of language in a social setting is the key to languag…
18 terms
Medical Language Chapter 6
Germ
Coloro
Juice
Cell
Blasto
Chromo, chromato
Chylo
Cyto
Germ
Blasto
Coloro
Chromo, chromato
Chapter 6 - Components of Our Language System
Language system is made up of:
semantic system
morphemes
combination of morphemes (morphology)
semantic, syntactic, & phonological system
what language means
smallest meaningful unit in a language
are the building blocks of vocabulary which can be ... - a singl…
Language system is made up of:
semantic, syntactic, & phonological system
semantic system
what language means
Language Acquisition- Chapter 6
Analogy
Bootstrappingp
Contingent Query
Entrenchment
A pattern-finding technique that accounts for how children cr…
Process of learning language in which a child uses what he or…
Request for clarification, such as "What?" or "Huh?"
A pattern-finding technique that accounts for how children co…
Analogy
A pattern-finding technique that accounts for how children cr…
Bootstrappingp
Process of learning language in which a child uses what he or…
184 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 6
-ectasis, -ectasia
-emesis
-lysis
-pepsia
stretching, dilation, dilation; widening
vomiting
destruction, breakdown, separation
digestion
-ectasis, -ectasia
stretching, dilation, dilation; widening
-emesis
vomiting
Language Arts Chapter 6
Bewilderment
Defeated
Hysterics
Surveyed
The state of being filled with uncertainty
Frustrated by prevention of success (defeat of one's hopes) b…
A fit of uncontrollable laughter or crying
To look over and examine closely
Bewilderment
The state of being filled with uncertainty
Defeated
Frustrated by prevention of success (defeat of one's hopes) b…
AP Human Geography Chapter 6 Vocab: Language
language
culture
standard language
dialects
a set of sounds, combination of sounds, and symbols that are…
the sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behav…
a country's political and intellectual elite seek to promote…
local or regional characteristics of a language; has disticti…
language
a set of sounds, combination of sounds, and symbols that are…
culture
the sum total of the knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behav…
Chapter 6 Language
Which European country has a rather sh…
What has the French government done to…
The crucial element in language is
Hawaii and Louisiana are examples of s…
Belgium
banned foreign words in advertising and on radio and T.V., es…
vocalization
official bilingual policies
Which European country has a rather sh…
Belgium
What has the French government done to…
banned foreign words in advertising and on radio and T.V., es…
Chapter 6 Video Language
frame
image
shot
scene
An essential building block that is usually too brief to deli…
Static segment of a shot that is perceived as a picture (word)
A continuously recorded stream of evolving images (sentence)
Composed of several shots which conveys meaning of a single t…
frame
An essential building block that is usually too brief to deli…
image
Static segment of a shot that is perceived as a picture (word)
42 terms
Chapter 6 Language
Which European country has a rather sh…
What has the French government done to…
The crucial element in language is
Hawaii and Louisiana are examples of s…
Belgium
banned foreign words in advertising and on radio and T.V., es…
vocalization
official bilingual policies
Which European country has a rather sh…
Belgium
What has the French government done to…
banned foreign words in advertising and on radio and T.V., es…
Chapter 6: Language
Which of the following European countr…
Hawaii and New Mexico are examples of…
Which is not true of Quebec?
______________ of internet content is…
Belgium
Official bilingual policies
It is 100% French speaking.
68%
Which of the following European countr…
Belgium
Hawaii and New Mexico are examples of…
Official bilingual policies
21 terms
AP Human Geography Chapter 6 Language Vocabulary
Agnosticism
Animism
Atheism
Dialect
Belief that nothing can be known about whether God exists.
Beliefs that plants, animals, and nature have a discrete spir…
The belief that God doesn't exist
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary,…
Agnosticism
Belief that nothing can be known about whether God exists.
Animism
Beliefs that plants, animals, and nature have a discrete spir…
30 terms
Language Acquisition Chapter 6
toddler
7
reference principle
mutual exclusivity
children ages 12-24 months
how many receptive biases/constraints do toddlers use to aid…
assumes that people refer (words stand for entities to which…
each referent has a unique symbol (can't have 2 names for the…
toddler
children ages 12-24 months
7
how many receptive biases/constraints do toddlers use to aid…
Chapter 6 Language (Communication)
3, 4, turn-taking
reproduce
imitate, increase, understand
observing,
By __ or __ months, the interaction between adults and infant…
Infants of this age (3 or 4 months) also tend to _____ the ge…
When mothers ____ their infants' speechlike sounds (using mot…
Infants can learn language by ______ adults speaking and they…
3, 4, turn-taking
By __ or __ months, the interaction between adults and infant…
reproduce
Infants of this age (3 or 4 months) also tend to _____ the ge…
AP Human Geography Chapter 6 Language
Accent
Dialect
Esperanto
Extinct Language
A distinctive mode of pronunciation of a language, especially…
A particular form of a language that is particular to a speci…
An artificial language devised in 1887 as an international me…
An extinct language is a language that no longer has any spea…
Accent
A distinctive mode of pronunciation of a language, especially…
Dialect
A particular form of a language that is particular to a speci…
64 terms
Language Development--Chapter6
comprehension
comprehension
generativity
phonemes
the ability to understand what is being said to you
Which happens first, comprehension or production?
anything can be expressed through combination of finite numbe…
units of sound
comprehension
the ability to understand what is being said to you
comprehension
Which happens first, comprehension or production?
36 terms
Chapter 6: Development of Language and Symbol Use
Symbols
Comprehension
Production
Generativity
Systems for representing and communicating our thoughts, feel…
Understanding what others say, sign or write
Speaking, signing or writing
The idea that through the use of the finite set of words and…
Symbols
Systems for representing and communicating our thoughts, feel…
Comprehension
Understanding what others say, sign or write
32 terms
3 APHG DeBlij Chapter 6 Language
Language
Culture
Standard language
Dialects
a set of sounds and symbols used for communication
total way of life of a group of people
variant of a language that a country's educated and political…
variants of a standard language along regional or ethnic lines
Language
a set of sounds and symbols used for communication
Culture
total way of life of a group of people
language learning - chapter 6
symbolic representation
phoneme
morpheme
semantics
idea that one thing can stand for another
building blocks of a language; unique sounds that can be join…
smallest units of meaning in a language
word meanings; involves attaching symbolic sounds to real wor…
symbolic representation
idea that one thing can stand for another
phoneme
building blocks of a language; unique sounds that can be join…
32 terms
Chapter 6: Language Development
comprehension
production
generativity
phonemes
with regard to language, understanding what other say (or sig…
with regard to language, speaking (or writing or signing) to…
refers to the idea that through the use of finite set of word…
the elementary units of meaningful sound used to produce lang…
comprehension
with regard to language, understanding what other say (or sig…
production
with regard to language, speaking (or writing or signing) to…
50 terms
chapter 6 (language development)
language
language comprehension and production
language comprehension
language production
the use of complex systems of communication, particularly hum…
using language involved both:
understanding what others say, write, or sign
actually speaking, writing, or signing
language
the use of complex systems of communication, particularly hum…
language comprehension and production
using language involved both:
20 terms
Language arts vocabulary chapter 6
Agenda
Amiable
Befuddle
Blight
The program for a meeting; a list, outline, or plan of thins…
Friendly, good-natured
To confuse, make stupid
A disease that causes plants to wither and die; a condition o…
Agenda
The program for a meeting; a list, outline, or plan of thins…
Amiable
Friendly, good-natured
83 terms
Medical Language Chapter 6
1 ABO blood group
2 antibody
3 antigen
4 blood
1 Category that includes blood types A, B, AB, and O. Blood t…
2 Produced by a B cell when it becomes a plasma cell. It is a…
3 Protein marker on the cell membrane of an erythrocyte that…
4 Type of connective tissue that contains formed elements (bl…
1 ABO blood group
1 Category that includes blood types A, B, AB, and O. Blood t…
2 antibody
2 Produced by a B cell when it becomes a plasma cell. It is a…
Language Disorders Chapter 6
Representativeness
Spontaneity
(LCC)^3 aka "the three c's"
Language Contextual Variables
or typicalness ; can be addressed by ensuring spontaneity and…
can be achieved if a child and a conversational partner engag…
a) less clinician control... b) less clinician contrivance... c) le…
include task or purpose of the activity, the opportunities to…
Representativeness
or typicalness ; can be addressed by ensuring spontaneity and…
Spontaneity
can be achieved if a child and a conversational partner engag…
29 terms
Chapter 6: Language Variation
Regional Dialect
Social Dialect
Historical/Diachronic Linguistics
Semantic Pejoration
Marks off the residents of one region from those of other reg…
Variety associated with a specific social class or group whic…
Language differentiates internally as speakers distance thems…
Worsening ... - e.g. Mistress used to mean female head of househ…
Regional Dialect
Marks off the residents of one region from those of other reg…
Social Dialect
Variety associated with a specific social class or group whic…
14 terms
Chapter 6: Oral Language
The 3 Components of Language
Expressive Language difficulties
Receptive Language difficulties
Phonology example and definition
1. Content... 2. Form... 3. Use
*Using correct grammar ... *Using compound and complex sentences…
*Following directions ... *Hearing the sounds in words ... *Blendin…
*The branch of linguistics that deals with systems of sounds…
The 3 Components of Language
1. Content... 2. Form... 3. Use
Expressive Language difficulties
*Using correct grammar ... *Using compound and complex sentences…
Developmental: Chapter 6-Language
Generativity
Phonemes
Morphemes
Syntax
=ability to combine finite set of words for innate ideas
=elementary units of meaningful sound
=smallest unit of meaning in language composed of phonemes
=rules in language that specify how words from different cate…
Generativity
=ability to combine finite set of words for innate ideas
Phonemes
=elementary units of meaningful sound
37 terms
Chapter 6 Lodging Language
Front Office
Front Desk
FOM
Property Management System (PMS)
the department within the hotel responsible for guest reserva…
the area within the hotel used for guest registration and pay…
the hotel industry term for a front office manager
the industry term for the computerized system used to record…
Front Office
the department within the hotel responsible for guest reserva…
Front Desk
the area within the hotel used for guest registration and pay…
14 terms
Language Acquisition Chapter 6
broca's area
prefrontal cortex
prefrontal lobe
cerebral plasticity
lies within frontal lobe and involved with language productio…
part of frontal lobe that is responsible for cognitive functi…
part of frontal lobe that is the center of executive functions
brain's ability to make connections to new information based…
broca's area
lies within frontal lobe and involved with language productio…
prefrontal cortex
part of frontal lobe that is responsible for cognitive functi…
Language Disorders Chapter 6
Minimum Contextual Support
Maximum Contextual Support
Representativeness
(LCC)3 formula
Naturalistic interaction; no prompts, toys, props, or activit…
Controlled and contrived interaction to elicit particular str…
Spontaneous sampling is the only way to hold content, form, a…
less clinician control; less clinician contrivance; less cons…
Minimum Contextual Support
Naturalistic interaction; no prompts, toys, props, or activit…
Maximum Contextual Support
Controlled and contrived interaction to elicit particular str…
Child psych - Chapter 6: Language & Intelligence
Language
Theories of language development
Learning theory
Limits & criticisms with learning theory
1. Communication system ... - productive language ... - receptive l…
3 theories ... 1. Learning theory = nurture ... 2. Nativist theory…
- Skinner --> operant conditioning ... - Language = behaviour ... -…
- There are too many words, sounds, rules to realistically re…
Language
1. Communication system ... - productive language ... - receptive l…
Theories of language development
3 theories ... 1. Learning theory = nurture ... 2. Nativist theory…
154 terms
The Language of Medicine-Chapter 6
esophag/o
-eal
-emesis
-ectasis, -ectasia
esophagus
pertaining to
vomiting
stretching, dilation
esophag/o
esophagus
-eal
pertaining to
59 terms
Praxis Speech-Language Pathology Chapter 6
Fluent Speech
Stuttering
Incidence
Prevalence
-produced with relative ease... - flowing... -smooth... -continuous... -r…
disorder of fluency and rhythm
-the rate of occurrence of a disorder or disease in a specifi…
- the number of people who have a disorder or disease at a gi…
Fluent Speech
-produced with relative ease... - flowing... -smooth... -continuous... -r…
Stuttering
disorder of fluency and rhythm
Language development chapter 6
Event-based knowledge
Taxonomic knowledge
do-what-you-usually do and act-on-the-…
-Play is not goal oriented, so it remo…
consists of sequences of events or routines that are temporal…
consists of categories and classes of words. New words are co…
Toddlers may use these two strategies for comprehension of th…
how can play be an ideal vehicle for language acquisition?
Event-based knowledge
consists of sequences of events or routines that are temporal…
Taxonomic knowledge
consists of categories and classes of words. New words are co…
Language Disorders chapter 6
8 "to be" verbs
Three developmental stages
Prenatal risk factors
Prematurity risk factors
am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being
1. Newborn period... 2. Preintentional period (1-8mo)... 3. Preling…
alcohol, drugs, infections the mother may have encountered, d…
low birth weight is less than 5.5 lbs... very low birth weight i…
8 "to be" verbs
am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being
Three developmental stages
1. Newborn period... 2. Preintentional period (1-8mo)... 3. Preling…
78 terms
Speech & Language Chapter 6
First words
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
gestures
referential gestures
develops around 12 months ... True word marks the transition fro…
These refer to the idiosyncratic word like productions that d…
Younger toddlers use a combination of gestures and verbal pro…
A type of gesture which has a specific referent and is used f…
First words
develops around 12 months ... True word marks the transition fro…
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
These refer to the idiosyncratic word like productions that d…
14 terms
Chapter 6, Language in Social Contexts
back-channel feedback
cohesive devices
communicative competence
dialect
verbal and nonverbal behaviors that indicate to the speaker c…
a way to link the content of different parts of a conversatio…
linguistic competence plus knowledge of the social rules for…
a systematic subvariety of a language spoken by a sizable gro…
back-channel feedback
verbal and nonverbal behaviors that indicate to the speaker c…
cohesive devices
a way to link the content of different parts of a conversatio…
72 terms
Medical Language Chapter 6
Aden/o-
Agglutin/o-
Aggreg/o-
All/o-
Gland
Clumping; sticking
Crowding together
Other; strange
Aden/o-
Gland
Agglutin/o-
Clumping; sticking
APHUG-Chapter 6; Language
language
mutual intelligibility
standard language
dialects
A set of sounds, combination of sounds, and symbols that are…
The ability of two people to understand each other when speak…
The variant of a language that a country's political and inte…
Local or regional characteristics of a language
language
A set of sounds, combination of sounds, and symbols that are…
mutual intelligibility
The ability of two people to understand each other when speak…
34 terms
Language Development Chapter 6
Communicative Competence
Speech Act Theory (John Austin)
Speech Acts
Locutionary
The ability to interact well with others... Using language corre…
Words can be actions
Utterances used to accomplish things... Examples: naming (a ship…
The act of saying a sentence that makes sense & refers to som…
Communicative Competence
The ability to interact well with others... Using language corre…
Speech Act Theory (John Austin)
Words can be actions
18 terms
Chapter 6 Language Arts
Digress
Digress
Digress
Digress
To stray from the topic of discussion.
Ramble
Stay
An unprepared speaker will often ___ from his original subject.
Digress
To stray from the topic of discussion.
Digress
Ramble
20 terms
Psychology Chapter 6: Language
phoneme
morpheme
semantics
syntax
a sounds that makes a meaningful difference in a language
a string of one or more sounds that make up the smallest unit…
the meaning of words in a language
the rules of grammar in a language
phoneme
a sounds that makes a meaningful difference in a language
morpheme
a string of one or more sounds that make up the smallest unit…
Chapter 6 - Language in Action
communicative competence
community of practice
dialect
discourse analysis
the ability to speak a language well; the ability to use a la…
a group of individuals who interact regularly, developing uni…
a specific variety or subdivision of a language; a way of spe…
the study of how authority and power are distributed and nego…
communicative competence
the ability to speak a language well; the ability to use a la…
community of practice
a group of individuals who interact regularly, developing uni…
31 terms
Language Development Chapter 6
analogy
bootstrapping
contingent query
entrenchment
pattern finding technique that accounts for how children crea…
process of learning language in which a child uses what he or…
request for clarification: such as what? huh?
pattern finding technique that accounts for how children conf…
analogy
pattern finding technique that accounts for how children crea…
bootstrapping
process of learning language in which a child uses what he or…
35 terms
chapter 6: language development
babbling
bilingualism
categorical perception
collective monologues
repetitive consonant-vowel sequences (bababa) or hand shapes…
ability to use two languages
perception of speech sounds as belonging to discrete categories
conversations between children that involve a series of non s…
babbling
repetitive consonant-vowel sequences (bababa) or hand shapes…
bilingualism
ability to use two languages
17 terms
Chapter 6 Language Development
A pattern-finding technique that accou…
Process of learning language in which…
Request for clarification, such as "Wh…
A pattern-finding technique that accou…
Analogy
Bootstrapping
contingent query
Entrenchment
A pattern-finding technique that accou…
Analogy
Process of learning language in which…
Bootstrapping
175 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 6
-ectasis... -ectasia
-emesis
-lysis
-pepsia
stretching, dilation, dilatation, widening
vomitng
destruction, breakdown, separation
digestion
-ectasis... -ectasia
stretching, dilation, dilatation, widening
-emesis
vomitng
31 terms
Chapter 6 Language Development
symbols
comprehension
production
generativity
systems for representing our thoughts, feelings, and knowledg…
with regard to language, understanding what other say (or sig…
with regard to language, speaking to others
refers to the idea that through the use of the finite set of…
symbols
systems for representing our thoughts, feelings, and knowledg…
comprehension
with regard to language, understanding what other say (or sig…
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