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Study sets matching "lang chapter 9"

28 terms
Chapter 9- Language
We them
me
I it
He her
We played catch with them.
Bella threw the ball to me.
I kicked it back.
He tossed the ball to her.
We them
We played catch with them.
me
Bella threw the ball to me.
25 terms
Chapter 9: Language
The illusion of the expert
examples of our lack of awareness
consequences of complexity of language
Morphemes
experts underestimate the complexity of tasks that they do ea…
-Pitch of voice at the end of a question... -"I have a jacket wi…
1. It makes life tough on learners... 2. it's hard to tell a mac…
meaning units of language
The illusion of the expert
experts underestimate the complexity of tasks that they do ea…
examples of our lack of awareness
-Pitch of voice at the end of a question... -"I have a jacket wi…
24 terms
Chapter 9 Language
Language
Grammar
Phoneme:
Phonological rules
A system for communicating with others using signals that are…
A set of rules that specify how the units of language can be…
the smallest unit of sound that is recognizable as speech rat…
rules that indicate how phonemes can be combined to produce s…
Language
A system for communicating with others using signals that are…
Grammar
A set of rules that specify how the units of language can be…
30 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 9 Language Nolinscience
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
10 terms
Chapter 9 - Foreign Languages
alfresco
bon mot
carpe diem
dolce vita
adverb; out of doors; in the open air... adjective; outdoor
noun; a witty remark or comment; witticism
noun; seize the day; enjoy the present
noun; the good life (usually preceded by la)
alfresco
adverb; out of doors; in the open air... adjective; outdoor
bon mot
noun; a witty remark or comment; witticism
23 terms
Language Development (chapter 9)
Language
Infinite Generativity
Phonology
Morphology
a form of communication, whether spoken, written, or signed,…
the ability to produce an endless number of meaningful senten…
the sound system of a language-includes the sounds used and h…
units of meaning involved in word formation
Language
a form of communication, whether spoken, written, or signed,…
Infinite Generativity
the ability to produce an endless number of meaningful senten…
23 terms
Language Development (chapter 9)
Language
Infinite Generativity
Phonology
Morphology
a form of communication, whether spoken, written, or signed,…
the ability to produce an endless number of meaningful senten…
the sound system of a language-includes the sounds used and h…
units of meaning involved in word formation
Language
a form of communication, whether spoken, written, or signed,…
Infinite Generativity
the ability to produce an endless number of meaningful senten…
56 terms
Chapter 9 Hearing and Language
adequate stimulus
agraphia
alexia
amplitude
the energy form for which the receptor is specialized. For he…
The inability to write.
The inability to read
Also called intensity. The physical energy in a sound (loudne…
adequate stimulus
the energy form for which the receptor is specialized. For he…
agraphia
The inability to write.
30 terms
Chapter 9 (Thinking and Language)
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental... activities associated with... thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping... of similar objects, events,... ideas, or people.
a mental image or best... example of a category. Matching new... it…
a methodical, logical rule or... procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental... activities associated with... thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping... of similar objects, events,... ideas, or people.
56 terms
Chapter 9 Hearing and Language
adequate stimulus
agraphia
alexia
amplitude
the energy form for which the receptor is specialized. For he…
The inability to write.
The inability to read
Also called intensity. The physical energy in a sound (loudne…
adequate stimulus
the energy form for which the receptor is specialized. For he…
agraphia
The inability to write.
8 terms
Language Development - Chapter 9
Oral language knowledge
Onset
Rime
Time of transition
Comprehension of oral language through listening production o…
Refers to the initial consonant (or consonant cluster) of a s…
Refers to the vowel and any remaining consonants of a syllabl…
From home to school. p. 258
Oral language knowledge
Comprehension of oral language through listening production o…
Onset
Refers to the initial consonant (or consonant cluster) of a s…
31 terms
Chapter 9 - Thinking and Language
cognition
artificial intelligence
thinking
concepts
...
...
...
...
cognition
...
artificial intelligence
...
30 terms
Chapter 9: Thinking and Language
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
30 terms
Chapter 9 - Thinking and Language
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category.
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
16 terms
chapter 9 language and thought
two word stages
sentence phase
sensitivity period
nativist
starting around 18 months... "My ball" "go away"
fully gramatical sentences... 2 1/2 to 3 years
if not being exposed to any language before a certain age, th…
language development is an innate biological capacity... easily…
two word stages
starting around 18 months... "My ball" "go away"
sentence phase
fully gramatical sentences... 2 1/2 to 3 years
20 terms
Chapter 9: Language and Communication
Language
Phonology
Semantics
Grammar
A system that relates sounds (or gestures) to meaning
Study of the sounds of a language
Study of words and their meanings
Rules used to describe the structure of a language
Language
A system that relates sounds (or gestures) to meaning
Phonology
Study of the sounds of a language
25 terms
Chapter 9 Thinking and Language
algorithm
aphasia
availability heuristic
babbling stage
set of instructions for solving a problem or completing a pro…
inability to use language appropriately and may include probl…
how easily something that you've seen or heard can be accesse…
a very early stage of language development, usually occurring…
algorithm
set of instructions for solving a problem or completing a pro…
aphasia
inability to use language appropriately and may include probl…
22 terms
Chapter 9 - Language Development
1. Valencia is a college student study…
2. Reuben is a young child with langua…
3. Grammar consists of two main parts:…
4. What is syntax?
a. Phonology Page 360
a. Semantics page 360
a. Syntax and morphology. Page 360
a. Syntax is the rules by which words are arranged into sente…
1. Valencia is a college student study…
a. Phonology Page 360
2. Reuben is a young child with langua…
a. Semantics page 360
47 terms
Chapter 9: Language and Thought
Language
Grammar
Phonemes
phonological rules
a system for communicating with others using signals that are…
a set of rules that specify how units of language can be comb…
The smallest unit of sound that is recognizable as speech rat…
a set of rules that indicate how phonemes can be combined to…
Language
a system for communicating with others using signals that are…
Grammar
a set of rules that specify how units of language can be comb…
25 terms
Chapter 9: Intelligence and Language
Intelligence
Language
General Intelligence Factor (g)
Specific Intelligence (s)
ability to think, to learn from experience, to solve problems…
a system of communication that uses symbols in a regular way…
the construct that the different abilities and skills measure…
a measure of specific skills in narrow domains
Intelligence
ability to think, to learn from experience, to solve problems…
Language
a system of communication that uses symbols in a regular way…
39 terms
Chapter 9: Thinking and Language
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
42 terms
Chapter 9: Thinking and Language
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
Language Chapter 9
IDEA Part B
Individual Educational Plan or IFSP
Family-centered practice
Phonological awareness-
mandates free, appropriate public education for children with…
Intervention is provided in preschool group settings under th…
*The family is considered members of the IEP team ... *Family mu…
is the conscious awareness/knowledge of sound structure used…
IDEA Part B
mandates free, appropriate public education for children with…
Individual Educational Plan or IFSP
Intervention is provided in preschool group settings under th…
Chapter 9- Language Acquisition
How do children learn language?
Universal Grammar
innateness hypothesis
impoverished data
children extract the rules from the language they hear around…
the innate principles and properties that pertain to the gram…
The theory that the human species is genetically equipped wit…
the incomplete, noise, and unstructured utterances that child…
How do children learn language?
children extract the rules from the language they hear around…
Universal Grammar
the innate principles and properties that pertain to the gram…
30 terms
Chapter 9: Thinking and Language
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
56 terms
Chapter 9 Hearing and Language
adequate stimulus
agraphia
alexia
amplitude
the energy form for which the receptor is specialized. For he…
The inability to write.
The inability to read
Also called intensity. The physical energy in a sound (loudne…
adequate stimulus
the energy form for which the receptor is specialized. For he…
agraphia
The inability to write.
30 terms
Myers Chapter 9 - Thinking & Language
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category (helps sort)
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
30 terms
Chapter 9: Thinking and Language
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
43 terms
Chapter 9: Preschool Development of Language Form
In general __ to __ utterances are con…
If the total number of morphemes for a…
Which stage of development is characte…
What's important about Brown's stage I…
50 to 100
2.82
Stage 1
Appearance of grammatical morphemes. E.g. Cat sitting here, h…
In general __ to __ utterances are con…
50 to 100
If the total number of morphemes for a…
2.82
54 terms
Language Acquisition Chapter 9
MLU
How many utterances for sample?
Count as two morphemes
MLU Stages of Development Stage 1
General Predictor of the Complexity of the language of Englis…
50-100. Sufficient to generalize overall production.
Possessive nouns... Plural Nouns... Third person singular, present…
Characterized by single-word utterances and linear semantic r…
MLU
General Predictor of the Complexity of the language of Englis…
How many utterances for sample?
50-100. Sufficient to generalize overall production.
67 terms
chapter 9 Language
Language skills are
Psycholinguistics
English-centric
The Nature of Language
complex and impressive... language in memory, in perception, in…
an interdisciplinary field that examines how language is used…
most research involves the study of the English language and…
phonemes... morphemes... syntax... Grammar... Pragmatics... Semantics
Language skills are
complex and impressive... language in memory, in perception, in…
Psycholinguistics
an interdisciplinary field that examines how language is used…
56 terms
Chapter 9 Hearing and Language
adequate stimulus
agraphia
alexia
amplitude
the energy form for which the receptor is specialized. For he…
The inability to write.
The inability to read
Also called intensity. The physical energy in a sound (loudne…
adequate stimulus
the energy form for which the receptor is specialized. For he…
agraphia
The inability to write.
78 terms
Cognitive Psych Chapter 9: Language and Language Comprehension
What is Psycholinguistics?
Primary Processes Investigated in Psyc…
Areas of Psycholinguistics/ Basic Comp…
- A field that examines how people use language to communicat…
-Language Comprehension... -Language Production... -Language Acquis…
-Phonology... -Morphology... -Syntax... -Sematics... -Pragmatics
What is Psycholinguistics?
- A field that examines how people use language to communicat…
Primary Processes Investigated in Psyc…
-Language Comprehension... -Language Production... -Language Acquis…
25 terms
ITGS - Chapter 9 Key Language
Chip and Pin
Collaborative Software
Extranet
Filtering
Systems designed to reduce credit card fraud by requiring the…
Application software to let users work together on projects e…
Content on a LAN which is available to authorized third parti…
Process of preventing access to some resources, usually web p…
Chip and Pin
Systems designed to reduce credit card fraud by requiring the…
Collaborative Software
Application software to let users work together on projects e…
41 terms
Language, Thought and Intelligence (Chapter 9)
Language
Grammar
Phoneme
Phonological Rules
a system for communicating with others using signals that are…
set of rules that specify how the units of language can be co…
smallest unit of sound that is recognizable as speech rather…
set of rules that indicate how phonemes can be combined to pr…
Language
a system for communicating with others using signals that are…
Grammar
set of rules that specify how the units of language can be co…
Language of Medicine Chapter 9
androgen
aspermia
azoospermia
balanitis
hormone that stimulates the development of male secondary sex…
lack of semen
lack of spermatozoa in the semen
inflammation of the foreskin and head of the penis
androgen
hormone that stimulates the development of male secondary sex…
aspermia
lack of semen
56 terms
Chapter 9: Language
Language
communication
non-verbal communication
forms of non-verbal communication
organized way to combine words to communicate
the exchange of thoughts and feelings
makes up about 70% of communication
-Body language ... -Distance... -Physical environment/ appearance... -…
Language
organized way to combine words to communicate
communication
the exchange of thoughts and feelings
30 terms
Chapter 9: Thinking and Language
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
67 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9: Language
Psycholinguistics
Language vs. Communication
Communication
Language
Study of Psychological processes involved in using language;…
Communication is the process of sharing or giving information…
is the process of sharing or giving information, feelings, an…
Set of symbols and rules for combining those symbols that all…
Psycholinguistics
Study of Psychological processes involved in using language;…
Language vs. Communication
Communication is the process of sharing or giving information…
53 terms
Chapter 9: Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remember…
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, and people
mental image or best example of category
methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving…
cognition
mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remember…
concept
mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, and people
35 terms
Cognition Chapter 9 (Language)
Sentence
Morpheme
Phonemes
Voicing
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
The basic categories of sound used to convey language. For ex…
One of the properties that distinguishes different categories…
Sentence
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
Morpheme
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
18 terms
Cracking the AP Language: Chapter 9
Fallacy
Ad Hominem
Argument from Authority
Appeal to Ignorance
(n.) a false notion or belief; an error in thinking
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
tempts us to agree with the writer's assumptions based on the…
based on the assumption that whatever has not been proven fal…
Fallacy
(n.) a false notion or belief; an error in thinking
Ad Hominem
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than o…
77 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 9
Bulbourethral Glands
Ejaculation
Ejaculatory Duct
Epididymus
Pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra. They secret fl…
Ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra.
Tube through which semen enters the male urethra.
One of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes above each testis…
Bulbourethral Glands
Pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra. They secret fl…
Ejaculation
Ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra.
32 terms
SFL Chapter 9: Language Development
Phonology
Semantics
Grammar
syntax
-the rules about structure and sequence of speech sounds... -con…
-involves vocabulary- the way underlying concepts are express…
consists of two main parts: syntax and morphology
the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed se…
Phonology
-the rules about structure and sequence of speech sounds... -con…
Semantics
-involves vocabulary- the way underlying concepts are express…
31 terms
HD Chapter 9 Language Development
Phonology
Semantics
Grammer Syntax
Grammer morphology
Rules about structure and sequence of speech sounds.
Vocabulary- the way underlying concepts are expressed in word…
the rules by which words are arranged into sentences.
the use of grammatical markers indication number, tense, case…
Phonology
Rules about structure and sequence of speech sounds.
Semantics
Vocabulary- the way underlying concepts are expressed in word…
149 terms
Chapter 9, Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
What is cognition, and whare the funct…
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Cognition is the study of how the mind receives, processes, a…
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, and peop…
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
What is cognition, and whare the funct…
Cognition is the study of how the mind receives, processes, a…
Cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
149 terms
Chapter 9, Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
What is cognition, and whare the funct…
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Cognition is the study of how the mind receives, processes, a…
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, and peop…
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
What is cognition, and whare the funct…
Cognition is the study of how the mind receives, processes, a…
Cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
18 terms
CHAPTER 9: Language
Language
Language production
Language comprehension
Phonemes
a set of symbols used to communicate
the generation of vocalization or gestures
the ability to understand vocalization or gestures
the smallest units of sound
Language
a set of symbols used to communicate
Language production
the generation of vocalization or gestures
Chapter 9: Language
Language
First words
Holophrases (10-13 months)
Two-word sentence
system for communicating with others using signals that are c…
10-13 months
linguistic utterance, single word that will convey several me…
-Represent attempts to express themselves in their own way... -C…
Language
system for communicating with others using signals that are c…
First words
10-13 months
26 terms
Chapter 9: Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
Syntax
Semantics
the basic sounds of a language
the smallest meaningful units... Words, prefixes, suffixes, etc.…
rules for putting sentences together, phrase structure
rules for associating meetings with sentences
Phonemes
the basic sounds of a language
Morphemes
the smallest meaningful units... Words, prefixes, suffixes, etc.…
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