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Study sets matching "language and development"

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Study sets matching "language and development"

27 terms
Language Development
morpheme
base, root, or free morpheme
bound or grammatical morphemes
quick incidental learning or fast mapp…
the smallest meaningful unit of language
words that have meaning, cannot be broken down into smaller p…
cannot convey meaning by themselves, must be joined with free…
refers to children's ability to learn a new word on the basis…
morpheme
the smallest meaningful unit of language
base, root, or free morpheme
words that have meaning, cannot be broken down into smaller p…
148 terms
language development
Preschool Language Development (8)
Preschool Language Development Overvie…
8
8
Preschool Language Development Overview... speech becomes cleare…
Preschool Language Development Overview... estimated to have a w…
Register... Register = different styles of speaking ... Motherese i…
Contingent Queries... Requests for clarification used to initiat…
Preschool Language Development (8)
Preschool Language Development Overview... speech becomes cleare…
Preschool Language Development Overvie…
Preschool Language Development Overview... estimated to have a w…
22 terms
Language development
Enviromentally produced ... A sensitive…
A form of communication; weathers spok…
2, language
1. It has rules... 2. There are infinite…
Victor and genie taught us that language is? ... 1. ... 2.
Language is defined as?
It takes at least ____ people to understand it to be consider…
What are the two features of language?
Enviromentally produced ... A sensitive…
Victor and genie taught us that language is? ... 1. ... 2.
A form of communication; weathers spok…
Language is defined as?
88 terms
Development & Language
myelination
strange situation
secure attachment
avoidant attachment
the process by which axons become coated with myelin, a fatty…
An observational measure of infant attachment that requires t…
Infants use the mother as a home base from which to explore w…
Strange Situation test: no attachment to mother, not frighten…
myelination
the process by which axons become coated with myelin, a fatty…
strange situation
An observational measure of infant attachment that requires t…
75 terms
Language Development
5 Aspects of Language
phonology
morphology
syntax
phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics
rules governing structure and sequence of speech sounds and s…
rules describing internal organization of words to imply or c…
rules of form or structure of a language; incl. word order, w…
5 Aspects of Language
phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics
phonology
rules governing structure and sequence of speech sounds and s…
14 terms
Language and language development
Stages of First-Language Acquisition
Behaviorist Model
Nativist Model
Vygotsky sociocultural theory
1. babbling... 2. 1 word... 3. 2 word... 4. telegraphic... 5. later multi…
Founded on Skinner's stimulus/response theory. Children devel…
Noam Chomsky... -"language acquisition device"... -individuals born…
"Zone of Proximal Development"... interpersonal communication... wh…
Stages of First-Language Acquisition
1. babbling... 2. 1 word... 3. 2 word... 4. telegraphic... 5. later multi…
Behaviorist Model
Founded on Skinner's stimulus/response theory. Children devel…
60 terms
Language Development
phonology
Pragmatics
Creoles
language
Receptive: understanding speech sounds- Expressing: articulat…
Social aspects of language... different principles for different…
language that was once a pidgin, but became a native language…
communication through a shared code
phonology
Receptive: understanding speech sounds- Expressing: articulat…
Pragmatics
Social aspects of language... different principles for different…
19 terms
Language development
Cognates
Inversions
Morpheme
Oral language assessment
Words in two languages that share a similar meaning, spelling…
The placment of a verb before its subject and can grammatical…
A combination of sounds that has meaning in speech or writing…
Preformed with either formal or informal assessments. The goa…
Cognates
Words in two languages that share a similar meaning, spelling…
Inversions
The placment of a verb before its subject and can grammatical…
59 terms
Language and Language Development
Stages of first-language acquisition
Behaviorist model
Nativist model
Vygotsky and Bronfenbrenner
1. Babbling stage... a. 6-8mo.... b. Repetitive sound patterns... 2.…
1. Language acquisition view... 2. Developed by B.F. Skinner... 3.…
1. Language acquisition view... 2. Developed by Noam Chomsky... 3.…
Vygotsky... 1. Sociocultural theory... 2. Learning begins as a resu…
Stages of first-language acquisition
1. Babbling stage... a. 6-8mo.... b. Repetitive sound patterns... 2.…
Behaviorist model
1. Language acquisition view... 2. Developed by B.F. Skinner... 3.…
148 terms
Final exam- language development
Preschool Language Development (8)
Preschool Language Development Overvie…
8
8
Preschool Language Development Overview... speech becomes cleare…
Preschool Language Development Overview... estimated to have a w…
Register... Register = different styles of speaking ... Motherese i…
Contingent Queries... Requests for clarification used to initiat…
Preschool Language Development (8)
Preschool Language Development Overview... speech becomes cleare…
Preschool Language Development Overvie…
Preschool Language Development Overview... estimated to have a w…
57 terms
CTEL: Language and Language Development
Stages of First Language Acquisition
Behaviorist Model (Skinner)
Nativist Model (Chomsky)
Vygotsky
babbling, one-word, two word, telegraphic (early multiword),…
language learning is a direct response to stimuli
individuals are born with a universal grammar - a template
learning begins as a result of interpersonal communication an…
Stages of First Language Acquisition
babbling, one-word, two word, telegraphic (early multiword),…
Behaviorist Model (Skinner)
language learning is a direct response to stimuli
16 terms
Language Development
When does language development begin?
What is the first language development…
What language development occurs betwe…
What language development occurs befor…
Pre-natal - the fetus is sensitive to language.
Cooing: interactional vocalization. Physical limitations in t…
Babbling: putting together vowels and consonants and phonolog…
From babbling to word production. The 1 word and 2 word speak…
When does language development begin?
Pre-natal - the fetus is sensitive to language.
What is the first language development…
Cooing: interactional vocalization. Physical limitations in t…
12 terms
Language Development
Syntax
Phonology
Semantics
lexical
refers to the way in which elements of the language are seque…
the sound system of a language
refers to both the meaning of the words and how words relate…
nouns/verbs
Syntax
refers to the way in which elements of the language are seque…
Phonology
the sound system of a language
147 terms
Language Development
Adaptation
Assimilation
Auditory Discrimination
Babbling
when a child thinks a certain way then there is a disturbance…
child attempts to incorporate new stimuli into existing cogni…
throughout the first year of life an infant tunes out irrelev…
infant experimenting with sound production. usually starts af…
Adaptation
when a child thinks a certain way then there is a disturbance…
Assimilation
child attempts to incorporate new stimuli into existing cogni…
19 terms
Language Development
rime
onset
phoneme identity
phonemic awareness
vowel and consent that follows a vowel K AT
consentent by itself K AT
common sound in group of words (pig,pot,pie) p
individual sounds that make up a words
rime
vowel and consent that follows a vowel K AT
onset
consentent by itself K AT
41 terms
Language Development
Halliday's 7 function of communicative…
Imaginative
Heuristic
Regulatory
Personal... Heuristic... Regulatory... Imaginative... Informative... Instrum…
Children pretend of do play-acting (Let's pretend, child may…
Children ask for explanations; they organize and investigate…
Children attempt to control the behavior of others (Do as I t…
Halliday's 7 function of communicative…
Personal... Heuristic... Regulatory... Imaginative... Informative... Instrum…
Imaginative
Children pretend of do play-acting (Let's pretend, child may…
14 terms
Language Development
Receptive Language
Genderlect
Social Register
Overgeneralizations
A child's comprehension of a word ( oral or written) When a s…
Children also acquire language through one's gender.
Specific ways in using language differently in different sett…
Instances where a speaker assumes that a word follows a speci…
Receptive Language
A child's comprehension of a word ( oral or written) When a s…
Genderlect
Children also acquire language through one's gender.
16 terms
Development - Language
2-4 months
4-7 months
6-10 months
12 months
cooing
simple vocalisation, monosylabic, pitch
consonants, mimic conversation style
first words - people or things important
2-4 months
cooing
4-7 months
simple vocalisation, monosylabic, pitch
The Development of Language
Exophoric
Endophoric
Paralinguistic features
Lingua franca
Referencing to something outside of the text (Unknown to the…
Reference to a person or thing within the text (Shared unders…
Eye contact, tone and body gestures; Anything which helps com…
Common language between speakers (e.g english in ISZL)
Exophoric
Referencing to something outside of the text (Unknown to the…
Endophoric
Reference to a person or thing within the text (Shared unders…
46 terms
Language Development
Generativist/Nativist,... Constructivist,…
generativist
constructivist
social interactionist
Major theories on language development
language is innate; language learning is specific to language
language is constructed by the child using general cognitive…
language is a social phenomenon,... children's communicative int…
Generativist/Nativist,... Constructivist,…
Major theories on language development
generativist
language is innate; language learning is specific to language
42 terms
Language Development
Word Consciousness
Communication
Language
Speech
The mental habit of paying careful attention to words by:... Fin…
Includes a sender, receiver, and content (information, ideas,…
System of abstract/arbitrary symbols, organized by rules, tha…
Special form of language use, verbal means of communicating a…
Word Consciousness
The mental habit of paying careful attention to words by:... Fin…
Communication
Includes a sender, receiver, and content (information, ideas,…
Language Development
Childhood or congenital aphasia:
Language Delay
Language deviance:
DLD:
is earliest language impairment. Developmental disorder of la…
the child language is like that of a younger typical developi…
this label suggests that a child language development is not…
describe children whoa re not acquiring language as would be…
Childhood or congenital aphasia:
is earliest language impairment. Developmental disorder of la…
Language Delay
the child language is like that of a younger typical developi…
64 terms
CTEL Language and Language Development
1st stage of language acquisition
2nd stage of language acquisition
3rd stage of language acquisition
4th stage of language acquisition
6-8 months, babbling stage
9-18 months, one-word: basic word stems and single open-class…
18-24 months, two-word stage
24-30 months, telegraph stage, express sentence structure wit…
1st stage of language acquisition
6-8 months, babbling stage
2nd stage of language acquisition
9-18 months, one-word: basic word stems and single open-class…
110 terms
Language Development
Receptive Language
Expressive Language
Pragmatics
Semantics
thinking through an idea or listening to others... test this: fo…
when we decide what to say and actually speak/write it... test t…
the ability to use language as a social vehicle for establish…
the meaning that you wish to convey. Meaning and interpretati…
Receptive Language
thinking through an idea or listening to others... test this: fo…
Expressive Language
when we decide what to say and actually speak/write it... test t…
75 terms
Language Development
Four Characteristics of Language
How language relates to speech, hearin…
Speech
4 Systems of Speech
1.Socially shared... 2.A code that uses a system of arbitrary sy…
Together language speech, hearing, and communication represen…
•Voluntary neuromuscular behavior... •Allows humans to express l…
1. Respiration ... 2. Phonation... 3. Articulation... 4. Resonation
Four Characteristics of Language
1.Socially shared... 2.A code that uses a system of arbitrary sy…
How language relates to speech, hearin…
Together language speech, hearing, and communication represen…
50 terms
Language Development
Phonology
Semantics
Grammar
Syntax
Refers to the rules governing the structure and sequence of s…
the way underlying concept are expressed in words and word co…
Consists of syntax and morphology
The rules by which words are arranged into sentences
Phonology
Refers to the rules governing the structure and sequence of s…
Semantics
the way underlying concept are expressed in words and word co…
78 terms
Language Development
Communication
Speech
Language
Form
verbal and nonverbal means to display and convey an idea, get…
motor act of talking, verbal portion of communication
rules and structure of verbal expression, thoughts and ideas,…
the linguistic elements that connect sounds and symbols
Communication
verbal and nonverbal means to display and convey an idea, get…
Speech
motor act of talking, verbal portion of communication
18 terms
Language Development
Nativist view
universal grammar
modularity hypothesis
interactionist view
generativity, universal grammar, modularity hypothesis
language is hard wired into brain, all languages share fundam…
specialized learning mechanism used solely for language... -rule…
focus on social aspects of language, universals of languages…
Nativist view
generativity, universal grammar, modularity hypothesis
universal grammar
language is hard wired into brain, all languages share fundam…
10 terms
Language Development
Imitation Theory
Reinforcement Theory
Innateness Theory
How Children are successful in languag…
Children memorize the words their parents say
Children speak like adults because the parents take time to t…
Children have a genetic predisposition and the brain function…
The child must be able to symbolize words, and be able to use…
Imitation Theory
Children memorize the words their parents say
Reinforcement Theory
Children speak like adults because the parents take time to t…
62 terms
Language Development
4 initial stages of reading development
1. Initial Reading
2. Confirmation, fluency, and ungluing…
3. Reading to learn
1. Initial Reading 2. Confirmation, fluency, and ungluing fro…
This stage covers kindergarten through first grade, ages 5-7.…
Period of second to third grade, children are 7-8. During thi…
This stage lasts from Grade 4 to Grade 8-9. Ages 9-14. Childr…
4 initial stages of reading development
1. Initial Reading 2. Confirmation, fluency, and ungluing fro…
1. Initial Reading
This stage covers kindergarten through first grade, ages 5-7.…
19 terms
Language Development
Phonological Domain
Phonemes
Morphemes
The McGurk Effect
Segmenting speech into meaningful units of sound
Smallest unit of sound
Smallest unit of meaning of words
Baba-Gaga video... The idea that we are influenced by what we ex…
Phonological Domain
Segmenting speech into meaningful units of sound
Phonemes
Smallest unit of sound
49 terms
Language Development
Grice's 2 rules of conversation
Grice's Maxims
Quantity
Quality
Take turns and Be cooperative
Quantity, Quality, Relation, and Manner
Don't give to much or too little info
Believe what you say is true
Grice's 2 rules of conversation
Take turns and Be cooperative
Grice's Maxims
Quantity, Quality, Relation, and Manner
56 terms
Speech and Language Development
What is the definition of communication?
What is language?
What is speech?
What are the components of language?
Exchange of information, ideas, needs and desires
Socially shared, symbolic, rule-based code for representing c…
Actual articulation of sounds, intelligibility
Form, content and use
What is the definition of communication?
Exchange of information, ideas, needs and desires
What is language?
Socially shared, symbolic, rule-based code for representing c…
language Development
Motor Development
Holophrase
Linguistics
Morpheme
Largely a Function of maturation.... a result of nature rather t…
single words used by very young children(before the two word…
The study of the nature ,structure and variation of language,…
The smallest unit of meaning in a language ... eg. the word "boy…
Motor Development
Largely a Function of maturation.... a result of nature rather t…
Holophrase
single words used by very young children(before the two word…
44 terms
Language Development
Language
Phonology
Syntax
Semantics
A system of symbols that is used to communicate with others o…
The study of the sounds of a language.
The grammar of a language.
The study of the meaning of words.
Language
A system of symbols that is used to communicate with others o…
Phonology
The study of the sounds of a language.
25 terms
Language Development
Nativist approach
Chomsky
Behaviorist approach
Interactionist approach
Attributes language acquisition to biological mechanism, stre…
Proposes that an innate language acquisition device makes it…
Proposes that language is acquired like any other behavior th…
Regard language development to be attributable to a combinati…
Nativist approach
Attributes language acquisition to biological mechanism, stre…
Chomsky
Proposes that an innate language acquisition device makes it…
110 terms
language development
language
ASHA definition of language
nature
nurture
conventional system of arbitrary symbols and the rules that g…
language is a complex and dynamic system of conventional....…
nativists, rationalist, generative
behaviorist, empiricist, constructionist
language
conventional system of arbitrary symbols and the rules that g…
ASHA definition of language
language is a complex and dynamic system of conventional....…
22 terms
Language Development
0-6 Months
Cooing
6-12 Months
Babbling
Age range - Lack of intentional communication but infant play…
At 2 months, infants begin to produce vowel-like sounds, such…
Age range - Babbling, intentional communication (gestures, so…
Speech-like sound that has no meaning. It appears at 5 or 6 m…
0-6 Months
Age range - Lack of intentional communication but infant play…
Cooing
At 2 months, infants begin to produce vowel-like sounds, such…
9 terms
Language Development
Communication
Linguistic Modes
Paralinguistic
Metalinguistic
The term we use to describe how a group exchanges information…
Speaking, Listening, Writing, Reading, Signing
Intonation, Stress, Rate, Emotion
Ability to think and talk about language. Ability to judge la…
Communication
The term we use to describe how a group exchanges information…
Linguistic Modes
Speaking, Listening, Writing, Reading, Signing
29 terms
Language Development
phonology
morphology
semantics
syntax
language sounds
words and word units
meaning
structure of language/grammar
phonology
language sounds
morphology
words and word units
8 terms
Language Development
Birth
6-8 weeks
6-10 months
10-15 months
-crying... -turn-talking with adults or communicating... -understan…
-cooing=drawn out vowels... -turn-talking with adults
-babbling vowels in repeated strings... -babbling in own languag…
-First word production... -2 to 3 words per week by 15 months... -g…
Birth
-crying... -turn-talking with adults or communicating... -understan…
6-8 weeks
-cooing=drawn out vowels... -turn-talking with adults
14 terms
Language Development
Before birth
crying
cooing
babbling
babies recognise their mothers language in the womb. They can…
This is the way that babies express themselves befor their la…
6-8 weeks. babies gain control of vocal chords
6-9 months. most important stage. babies strong together vowe…
Before birth
babies recognise their mothers language in the womb. They can…
crying
This is the way that babies express themselves befor their la…
23 terms
Child Development- Language Development
Components of Language
Behaviorist
Nativist
Interactionist
~phonology... ~semantics... ~grammar... ~pragmatics
learned through imitation and reinforcement... SKINNER
born with ability to learn language- don't need to be taught…
mixture of environment and biological
Components of Language
~phonology... ~semantics... ~grammar... ~pragmatics
Behaviorist
learned through imitation and reinforcement... SKINNER
29 terms
Language Development
Infant Directed Speech
How Could Infant Directed Speech Help…
Do Infants "Get the Message"?
RESULTS of Do Infants "Get the Message"
- Higher pitch... - Bigger pitch range... - Smooth & connected cont…
• Higher pitch = Easier to hear... • Bigger pitch range = attrac…
• 9-month-olds... • Task: Object rolls into reach, and the infan…
• 5 months ->Go with tones too... - Coded facial expressions... - E…
Infant Directed Speech
- Higher pitch... - Bigger pitch range... - Smooth & connected cont…
How Could Infant Directed Speech Help…
• Higher pitch = Easier to hear... • Bigger pitch range = attrac…
10 terms
Language Development
3 views on language development
Behaviorist
Innatist
Interactionist
1. behaviorist... 2. innatist... 3. interactionist
1. believe language is a learned behavior... 2. through reinforc…
believe we are born with a linguistic structure and through m…
believe language involves both maturing of the body and socia…
3 views on language development
1. behaviorist... 2. innatist... 3. interactionist
Behaviorist
1. believe language is a learned behavior... 2. through reinforc…
20 terms
Language Development
Phonemes
Morphemes
WUG Test
Syntax
the elementary units of meaningful sound used to produce lang…
The smallest units of meaning in a language, composed of one…
The ability to apply syntax to nonsensical words
Rules in a language that specify how word from different cate…
Phonemes
the elementary units of meaningful sound used to produce lang…
Morphemes
The smallest units of meaning in a language, composed of one…
15 terms
language development - phonological development
phonology
early phonological development
cooing and babbling
proto-words
used to describe the sounds within a particular language. the…
part of children speech is to is "baby-like sounds", such as…
these are characterized by the use of consonants vowel sounds…
these are classed as "fuzzy areas" between the stages. the so…
phonology
used to describe the sounds within a particular language. the…
early phonological development
part of children speech is to is "baby-like sounds", such as…
11 terms
Language Development -
What kind of phonological development…
When does cooing and gooing start?
When does cooing and gooing occur?
When does laughing start?
-Reflexive sounds such as fussing and crying... -Vegetative soun…
2 months
When happy, during social interactions
16 weeks
What kind of phonological development…
-Reflexive sounds such as fussing and crying... -Vegetative soun…
When does cooing and gooing start?
2 months
26 terms
Language Development
6 Features of Communication
6 Features of Communication: Auditory…
6 Features of Communication: Articulat…
6 Features of Communication: Lexical D…
1. Auditory development... 2. Articulatory development... 3. Lexica…
1. (Receptive language) An aspect of phonological development…
1. (Speech production) An aspect of phonological development…
1. Word learning... 2. Self-organizing maps
6 Features of Communication
1. Auditory development... 2. Articulatory development... 3. Lexica…
6 Features of Communication: Auditory…
1. (Receptive language) An aspect of phonological development…
38 terms
Language Development
Six features of communication
Auditory development
Articulatory development
Lexical development
Relate to successful acquisition of language... Auditory develo…
Receptive language ... An aspect of phonological development ... Ab…
Speech production ... An aspect of phonological development
Word learning
Six features of communication
Relate to successful acquisition of language... Auditory develo…
Auditory development
Receptive language ... An aspect of phonological development ... Ab…
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