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Study sets matching "language chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "language chapter 3"

10 terms
Language Arts Chapter 3
Chimerical
Asinine
Bellwether
Limbo
Given to widely impossible plans, unrealistic, fantastic, imp…
Stupid or silly
Leader
Place or state of neglect; period awaiting change; in-between…
Chimerical
Given to widely impossible plans, unrealistic, fantastic, imp…
Asinine
Stupid or silly
20 terms
chapter 3, language arts
abridge
adherent
altercation
cherubic
to make shorter
a follower, supporter
an angry argument
a sweet childlike face
abridge
to make shorter
adherent
a follower, supporter
126 terms
The Language of Medicine Chapter 3
abdomin/o
acr/o
acu/o
aden/o
abdomen (combining form)
extremities, top, extreme point (combining form)
sharp, severe, sudden (combining form)
gland (combing form)
abdomin/o
abdomen (combining form)
acr/o
extremities, top, extreme point (combining form)
The Language of Composition Chapter 3
Ad Hominem
Appeal to False Authority
Argument
Backing
Latin for "against the man," this fallacy refers to the speci…
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
A process of reasoned inquiry; a persuasive discourse resulti…
In the Toulmin model, this consists of further assurances or…
Ad Hominem
Latin for "against the man," this fallacy refers to the speci…
Appeal to False Authority
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
9 terms
TOK CHAPTER 3: LANGUAGE
3 factors that determine if something…
definition theory
image theory
denotation theory
rule governed, intended, creative and open-ended
finding meaning of a word through dictionary definitions
a word has meaning if the image of what it is comes to mind i…
a word has meaning if it stands for one thing and its connota…
3 factors that determine if something…
rule governed, intended, creative and open-ended
definition theory
finding meaning of a word through dictionary definitions
17 terms
Chapter 3 Language Files
phonology
phonological rules
phonotactic constraints
sound substitution
the study of the distribution of sounds in a language and the…
the mapping between phonemic and phonetic elements
restrictions on possible combos of sounds
when sounds that exist in a language that a speaker knows are…
phonology
the study of the distribution of sounds in a language and the…
phonological rules
the mapping between phonemic and phonetic elements
69 terms
Chapter 3 Medical Language
anter/o
caud/o
cephal/o
dist/o
combining form for front
combining form for tail (downward)
combining form for head (upward)
combining form for away (from point of attachment)
anter/o
combining form for front
caud/o
combining form for tail (downward)
43 terms
Language Disorders- Chapter 3
normative postion
neutralist postion
limitations of standardized assessments
limitations of naturalistic assessments
a deficit big enough to be noticed by ordinary people such as…
the deficit must be large enough to show on a standardized or…
-Not always available for certain age levels, all aspects of…
-Difficulties in establishing reliability... -More difficult to…
normative postion
a deficit big enough to be noticed by ordinary people such as…
neutralist postion
the deficit must be large enough to show on a standardized or…
19 terms
Chapter 3 Language Disorders
cognition
etiology
chromosomal disorder
sequence
the process of thinking using information gained through perc…
causative factors that lead to a delay or disorder
a disorder in the structure or number of chromosomes or both
a disorder in which many of the anomalies are actually second…
cognition
the process of thinking using information gained through perc…
etiology
causative factors that lead to a delay or disorder
29 terms
Introduction to Language Chapter 3
Surface structure
Deep structure
Syntax
Theory of grammar
aspects of language that change from language to language
Aspects of language that are invariant and universal; shared…
grammar at the sentence or phrase level
goal is to understand and characterize the implicit syntactic…
Surface structure
aspects of language that change from language to language
Deep structure
Aspects of language that are invariant and universal; shared…
38 terms
Language Development Chapter 3
Phonetics
Phonology
Segments
International Phonetic Alphabet
The study of human speech sounds
The study of the rules & patterns as to how those sounds are…
breaking words into the speech sounds, syllables & phonemes
Used to transcribe the sounds of spoken words. A set of symbo…
Phonetics
The study of human speech sounds
Phonology
The study of the rules & patterns as to how those sounds are…
143 terms
Medical Language Chapter 3
1. anus
2. appendix
3. appendic/o
4. bile
1. External opening of the rectum. The external anal sphincte…
2. Long, thin pouch on the exterior wall of the cecum. It doe…
3. appendix
4. Bitter fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallb…
1. anus
1. External opening of the rectum. The external anal sphincte…
2. appendix
2. Long, thin pouch on the exterior wall of the cecum. It doe…
30 terms
Chapter 3 - Language Development
parsing
phonotactic cues
prosodic cues
phonological representation
analyzing, separating or segmenting stream of speech into sma…
certain sounds occur both in general and specific positions o…
word and syllable stress patterns, rhythm of language... stress…
acquisition of internal representation of the phonemes of nat…
parsing
analyzing, separating or segmenting stream of speech into sma…
phonotactic cues
certain sounds occur both in general and specific positions o…
37 terms
The Language of Composition Chapter 3
Ad Hominem
Appeal to False Authority
Argument
Backing
Latin for "against the man," this fallacy refers to the speci…
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
A process of reasoned inquiry; a persuasive discourse resulti…
In the Toulmin model, backing consists of further assurances…
Ad Hominem
Latin for "against the man," this fallacy refers to the speci…
Appeal to False Authority
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
48 terms
The Language of Composition - Chapter 3
argument
Rogerian arguments
claim
claim of fact
a persuasive discourse, a coherent and considered movement fr…
arguments based on the assumption that having a full understa…
states the argument's main idea or position... has to be arguabl…
they assert that something is true or false
argument
a persuasive discourse, a coherent and considered movement fr…
Rogerian arguments
arguments based on the assumption that having a full understa…
248 terms
Praxis Chapter 3: Language Development in Children
What is recurrence?
What is an embedded form?
What is the term "all gone" generally…
What is heuristic function?
the concept of more; an event happens again or an object reap…
adding or rearranging elements w/in a sentence ... "the boy *wh…
used to express emerging negation, ... between 1-2 years
when children are attempting to have events in their environm…
What is recurrence?
the concept of more; an event happens again or an object reap…
What is an embedded form?
adding or rearranging elements w/in a sentence ... "the boy *wh…
161 terms
The Language of Medicine Chapter 3
abdomin/o
acr/o
acu/o
aden/o
abdomen
extremities, top, extreme point
sharp, severe
gland
abdomin/o
abdomen
acr/o
extremities, top, extreme point
38 terms
Language Files Chapter 3
Allophone
Alternation
Assimilation
Basic Allophone
(3.2.2) One of a set of noncontrastive realizations of the sa…
(3.2.3; 4.2.6; 13.7.2) In phonology, a difference between two…
(3.3.3; 13.3.4) A process by which a sound becomes more like…
(3.5.2) The allophone of a phoneme that is used when none of…
Allophone
(3.2.2) One of a set of noncontrastive realizations of the sa…
Alternation
(3.2.3; 4.2.6; 13.7.2) In phonology, a difference between two…
71 terms
Medical Language Chapter 3
anastomosis
dyspepsia
cholecystogram
cirrhosis
ah-NAS-toh-MOH-sis
dis-PEP-see-ah
KOH-lee-sis-TAW-grah-fee
...
anastomosis
ah-NAS-toh-MOH-sis
dyspepsia
dis-PEP-see-ah
143 terms
Medical language chapter 3
anus
appendix
appendic/o
bile
external opening of the rectum. The external anal sphincter i…
long, thin pouch on the exterior wall of the cecum. It does n…
appendix
Bitter fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallblad…
anus
external opening of the rectum. The external anal sphincter i…
appendix
long, thin pouch on the exterior wall of the cecum. It does n…
18 terms
Chapter 3 language disabilities
Pervasive developmental dis.
autism spectrum disorder criteria
Pervasive developmental disorder
Severity of ASD
Includes autistic disorder, Asperger disorder, retts disorder…
-deficits in social communication and social interaction acro…
classification used when symptoms are present but specific cr…
based on social communication impairment and restricted repet…
Pervasive developmental dis.
Includes autistic disorder, Asperger disorder, retts disorder…
autism spectrum disorder criteria
-deficits in social communication and social interaction acro…
42 terms
Language Development Chapter 3
child-directed speech (CDS)
complex syntax
grammatical morphemes
joint attention
The talk directed to children by others, including parents an…
Grammatically well-formed sentences containing phrases, claus…
Also called inflectional morphemes. Small units of language a…
Attention focused on a mutual object. For infants, maintainin…
child-directed speech (CDS)
The talk directed to children by others, including parents an…
complex syntax
Grammatically well-formed sentences containing phrases, claus…
24 terms
Language Studies Chapter 3
Phonetics
Articulatory phonetics
Acoustic phonetics
Auditory phonetics
The general study of the characteristics of speech sounds
The study of how speech sounds are made, or articulated
Deal with the physical properties of speech as sound waves in…
Also called perceptual phonetics, deals with the perception,…
Phonetics
The general study of the characteristics of speech sounds
Articulatory phonetics
The study of how speech sounds are made, or articulated
25 terms
AP language Chapter 3
Counterargument thesis
Logical Fallacies
Red herring
Ad hominem fallacy
a summary of a counter argument, usually qualified by althoug…
Potential vulnerabilities or weaknesses in an argument. They…
a fallacy that occurs when a speaker wants to skip to a new i…
This fallacy refers to the specific diversionary tactic of sw…
Counterargument thesis
a summary of a counter argument, usually qualified by althoug…
Logical Fallacies
Potential vulnerabilities or weaknesses in an argument. They…
42 terms
Chapter 3 Language and the brain
Neurolinguists
Syndrome
Double Dissociation
Williams Syndrom (WMS)
Scientists who study how the brain relates to language behavi…
Literally, "Occurring together." A group of these that collec…
In reference to language studies, the simultaneous existence…
Genetic syndrome, of particular interest to language research…
Neurolinguists
Scientists who study how the brain relates to language behavi…
Syndrome
Literally, "Occurring together." A group of these that collec…
39 terms
Language in Mind Chapter 3
action potential
amusia
aphasia
auditory verbal agnosia
an electrical pulse that travels down the axon of a neuron to…
loss of the capacity to make sense of music (but not of langu…
any language disruption caused by brain damage
"pure word deafness," a condition in which people hear speech…
action potential
an electrical pulse that travels down the axon of a neuron to…
amusia
loss of the capacity to make sense of music (but not of langu…
32 terms
language arts chapter 3
argument
Rogerian argument
claims
types of claims
a process of reasoned inquiry. a persuassive discourse result…
based on the assumption that having a full understanding of a…
differs from a topic or a subject in that claim has to be arg…
claims of fact, claims of value and claims of policy.
argument
a process of reasoned inquiry. a persuassive discourse result…
Rogerian argument
based on the assumption that having a full understanding of a…
16 terms
Language arts chapter 3 Ant
Abridge
Adherent
Altercation
Cherubic
Expand,condense, abbreviate
Opponent, critic, adversary
Agreement, accord
Impish, devilish
Abridge
Expand,condense, abbreviate
Adherent
Opponent, critic, adversary
98 terms
Chapter 3 language of medicine
Acr/o
Acu/o
Amni/o
Angi/o
Extremities, top, extreme point
Sharp, severe, sudden
Amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
Vessel
Acr/o
Extremities, top, extreme point
Acu/o
Sharp, severe, sudden
37 terms
Language of Composition Chapter 3
Ad Hominem
Appeal to False Authority
Argument
Backing
Latin for "against the man," this fallacy refers to the speci…
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
A process of reasoned inquiry; a persuasive discourse resulti…
In the Toulmin model, backing consists of further assurances…
Ad Hominem
Latin for "against the man," this fallacy refers to the speci…
Appeal to False Authority
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
15 terms
Chapter 3 Vocab. Language Terms
Agricultural Theory
Conquest Theory
Creole
dialect
Theory that explains how Proto-Indo-European languages diffus…
One major theory of how Proto-Indo-European languages diffuse…
A language derived from a pidgin that has acquired a fuller v…
A distinctive local or regional variant of a language that re…
Agricultural Theory
Theory that explains how Proto-Indo-European languages diffus…
Conquest Theory
One major theory of how Proto-Indo-European languages diffuse…
20 terms
Language arts chapter 3 synonyms
Abridge
Adherent
Altercation
Cherubic
Shorten,condense, abbreviate
N disciple
Quarrel, dispute
Angelic, seraphic, beatific
Abridge
Shorten,condense, abbreviate
Adherent
N disciple
90 terms
The Language of Medicine- Chapter 3
amniocentesis
tonsillitis
ptosis
ischemia
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the emb…
inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat
prolapse
blood is held back from an area
amniocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the emb…
tonsillitis
inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat
24 terms
Language Arts Chapter 3 - Theme
absently
modifications
incident
furiously
in a way that shows one is not thinking about what is happening
slight changes
happening; occurence
rapidly, with intensity
absently
in a way that shows one is not thinking about what is happening
modifications
slight changes
46 terms
Chapter 3 Vocabulary/Languages
Kollege/Kollegin
Partner/in
Freund/in
W-Frage
Colleague
Partner
Friend
W-question
Kollege/Kollegin
Colleague
Partner/in
Partner
44 terms
Language of Medicine-Chapter 3
rectocele
pleurodynia
acromegaly
blepharoptosis
hernia of the rectum, protrusion of a portion of the rectum t…
pain associated with the pleura
endocrine disorder, when the pituitary gland produces excessi…
prolapse of the upper eyelid
rectocele
hernia of the rectum, protrusion of a portion of the rectum t…
pleurodynia
pain associated with the pleura
24 terms
Chapter 3: The Sounds of Language
Phonetic Alphabet
Phonetics
Articulatory Phonetics
Acoustic Phonetics
A set of symbols, each one representing a distinct sound segm…
The study of the characteristics of speech sounds
The study of how speech sounds are produced
The study of the physical properties of speech as sound waves
Phonetic Alphabet
A set of symbols, each one representing a distinct sound segm…
Phonetics
The study of the characteristics of speech sounds
38 terms
Language of composition, Chapter 3
ad hominem
ad populum (bandwagon appeal)
appeal to false authority
argument
latin for "to the man," this fallacy refers to the specific d…
this fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody's…
this fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
a process of reasoned inquiry; a persuasive discourse resulti…
ad hominem
latin for "to the man," this fallacy refers to the specific d…
ad populum (bandwagon appeal)
this fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody's…
42 terms
The Language of Composition Chapter 3, ordered
Anecdotes
Argument
Rogerian Arguments
Claim
short personal stories that relate a meaning or point to the…
A statement put forth and supported by evidence.... (A process…
Replacing confrontational argument tactics with ones that pro…
An assertion, usually supported by evidence.... (Also called an…
Anecdotes
short personal stories that relate a meaning or point to the…
Argument
A statement put forth and supported by evidence.... (A process…
28 terms
Chapter 3: Language and Meaning
ageist language
cliché
concrete language
connotative meaning
language that describes and denigrates people of the basis of…
an expression that has lost originality and force through ove…
words and statements that are specific rather than abstract o…
an individualized or personalized meaning of a word, which ma…
ageist language
language that describes and denigrates people of the basis of…
cliché
an expression that has lost originality and force through ove…
71 terms
The Language of Medicine - Chapter 3 Terms
abdomni/o
acr/o
acu/o
adip/o
abdomen
extremities, top, extreme point
sharp, severe, sudden
fat
abdomni/o
abdomen
acr/o
extremities, top, extreme point
10 terms
Language and Literacy Chapter 3
Characteristic of immersion programs
A dialect is a
Code switching
Among second language learners, profic…
Teacher must have fluency in both languages
specialized variation of a language
intentionally switching between 2 languages
2-3 years
Characteristic of immersion programs
Teacher must have fluency in both languages
A dialect is a
specialized variation of a language
185 terms
Medical Language Chapter 3
Gastrointestinal System
Upper Gastrointestinal System
Gastr/o-
Intestin/o-
An elongated body system that begins at the mouth, continues…
Structures from the small intestine through the anus.
Stomach
Intestine
Gastrointestinal System
An elongated body system that begins at the mouth, continues…
Upper Gastrointestinal System
Structures from the small intestine through the anus.
127 terms
Medical Language for Modern Health Care Chapter 3
-um
-ry
dia-
-gnosis
structure
occupation
complete
knowledge of an abnormal condition
-um
structure
-ry
occupation
17 terms
Chapter 3 - Culture and Language
Language
Main Points of language
Grammar
Dialect
Consist of shared knowledge, sound combinations, meaning and…
Language requires enormous amount of linguistic knowledge, mu…
Total system of linguistic knowledge that allows the speakers…
A regional or subcultural variant of language. There is no va…
Language
Consist of shared knowledge, sound combinations, meaning and…
Main Points of language
Language requires enormous amount of linguistic knowledge, mu…
27 terms
Chapter 3: Language and Meaning
ageist language
cliché
concrete language
connotative meaning
language that describes and denigrates people of the basis of…
an expression that has lost originality and force through ove…
words and statements that are specific rather than abstract o…
an individualized or personalized meaning of a word, which ma…
ageist language
language that describes and denigrates people of the basis of…
cliché
an expression that has lost originality and force through ove…
43 terms
The Language of Medicine Chapter 3
-algia
-cele
-centesis
-coccus
Pain
Hernia
Surgical puncture to remove fluid
Berry-shaped bacterium
-algia
Pain
-cele
Hernia
speech and language acquisition chapter 3
neuroanatomy
neurophysiology
neurolinguistics
neuron/nerve cell
structure of the brain
function of the brain
study of neuroanatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of language
basic unit of nervous system
neuroanatomy
structure of the brain
neurophysiology
function of the brain
20 terms
Ian's Chapter 3 Vocab (Language Arts)
animated
brood
culminate
downright
full of life, lively
(n.) family of young animals or people (v) to think over in a…
to end in
thoroughly, completely
animated
full of life, lively
brood
(n.) family of young animals or people (v) to think over in a…
32 terms
Chapter 3 Language and Meaning
Language
Decode
Semantics
Syntax
A collection of symbols, letters, or words with arbitrary(sub…
The process of assigning meaning to others' words in order to…
The study of the way humans use language to evoke meaning in…
The way in which words are arranged to form phrases and sente…
Language
A collection of symbols, letters, or words with arbitrary(sub…
Decode
The process of assigning meaning to others' words in order to…
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