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Study sets matching "language chapter 9 cognition"

35 terms
Cognition Chapter 9 (Language)
Sentence
Morpheme
Phonemes
Voicing
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
The basic categories of sound used to convey language. For ex…
One of the properties that distinguishes different categories…
Sentence
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
Morpheme
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
35 terms
Cognition Chapter 9 (Language)
Sentence
Morpheme
Phonemes
Voicing
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
The basic categories of sound used to convey language. For ex…
One of the properties that distinguishes different categories…
Sentence
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
Morpheme
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
21 terms
Chapter 9 Cognition & Language
cognition
concepts
prototypes
heuristics
process of thought; mental activities associated with thinkin…
mental categories used to organize/share common properties
most typical member of a concept (concept: fast vehicles,____…
experience based techniques for problem solving/learning
cognition
process of thought; mental activities associated with thinkin…
concepts
mental categories used to organize/share common properties
70 terms
Cognition and Language - Chapter 9
What is Conceptual Knowledge?
What are Concepts?
What is a Category?
What is Categorisation?
Knowledge that enables us to recognise objects and events and…
The mental representation of a class or individual and the me…
Includes all possible examples of a particular concept
The process by which things are placed in categories
What is Conceptual Knowledge?
Knowledge that enables us to recognise objects and events and…
What are Concepts?
The mental representation of a class or individual and the me…
Chapter 9 Cognition & Language
cognition
concepts
prototypes
heuristics
process of thought
mental categories used to organize information
most typical member of a concept (concept: vehicles, prototyp…
experience based techniques for problem solving; simple strat…
cognition
process of thought
concepts
mental categories used to organize information
28 terms
Cognition Chapter 9: Language
sentences
morphemes
phonemes
voicing
coherent sequence of words that express the intended meaning…
words are composed of morphemes, the smallest language units…
the smallest unit of sound that can serve to distinguish word…
the vocal folds can be rapidly opened and closed, producing a…
sentences
coherent sequence of words that express the intended meaning…
morphemes
words are composed of morphemes, the smallest language units…
35 terms
Cognition chapter 9: language
Sentence
Morpheme
Phonemes
Voicing
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
The basic categories of sound used to convey language. For ex…
One of the properties that distinguishes different categories…
Sentence
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
Morpheme
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
41 terms
Chapter 9: Cognition & Language
Meta cognition
mental imagery
mental rotation
concepts
Thinking about thinking
visual pictures in your mind. Visual representation
The ability to mentally rotate 2D and 3D objects
a mental category you have to hold similar objects, events, a…
Meta cognition
Thinking about thinking
mental imagery
visual pictures in your mind. Visual representation
42 terms
Cognition Chapter 9: Language
hierarchical structure of language
morphemes
phonemes
production of speech: path
sentences... phrases... words... morphemes... phonemes
smallest language units that carry meaning... content morphemes…
basic/smallest units of sounds
airflow from lungs that passes through the larynx --> oral ca…
hierarchical structure of language
sentences... phrases... words... morphemes... phonemes
morphemes
smallest language units that carry meaning... content morphemes…
45 terms
Cognition Chapter 9 "Language" Definitions
Articulation
Diacritical Marks
Tree Diagram
Language
The production of a language's sounds.
Symbols that indicate the correct pronunciation of letters in…
A description of a process that proceeds from one level at wh…
Open-ended verbal communication that consists of all possible…
Articulation
The production of a language's sounds.
Diacritical Marks
Symbols that indicate the correct pronunciation of letters in…
25 terms
Chapter 9: Cognition & Language
Cognition
Concepts
Prototypes
Catergorization
Mental activities and processes
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, states, ideas a…
Mental images of the best examples (idealized image) of a con…
...
Cognition
Mental activities and processes
Concepts
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, states, ideas a…
56 terms
Chapter 9 - Cognition and Language
Cognition
Cognition supports
concept
A concept can be represented and commu…
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
attention, emotion, consciousness, perception, learning, memo…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
image or word
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Cognition supports
attention, emotion, consciousness, perception, learning, memo…
31 terms
Chapter 9: Cognition and Language
cognitive psychology
concepts
prototypes
problem solving
study of mental activities and processes
building blocks of thought; mental grouping of similar object…
mental images of the best example
thinking we do in order to answer a complex question or resol…
cognitive psychology
study of mental activities and processes
concepts
building blocks of thought; mental grouping of similar object…
45 terms
Cognitive Chapter 9:Language
articulation
diacritical marks
tree diagram
language
the production of a language's sounds
symbols that indicate the correct pronunciation of letters in…
a description of a process that proceeds from one level at wh…
open-ended verbal communication that consists of all possible…
articulation
the production of a language's sounds
diacritical marks
symbols that indicate the correct pronunciation of letters in…
31 terms
Chapter 9- Cognition, Language, and Intelligence
Thinking
Cognition
Language
Linguistic determinism
Involves a variety of coordinated subprocesses
Acquiring, retrieving, and storing information
Flexible system of communication that uses sounds, rules, ges…
Thought and experience are determined by language
Thinking
Involves a variety of coordinated subprocesses
Cognition
Acquiring, retrieving, and storing information
41 terms
Cognitive Chapter 9 Language
sentence
morpheme
phonemes
voicing
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
The basic categories of sound used to convey language. For ex…
One of the properties that distinguishes different categories…
sentence
A sequence of words that conforms to the rules of syntax (and…
morpheme
The smallest language unit that carries meaning. Psycholingui…
36 terms
Cognition: Thinking and Language (Chapter 9)
Thought
Covert Behavior
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
Any cognitive processes directed toward problem solving, unde…
behavior that is unobservable in another person
Refers to perceptual processing beginning in peripheral senso…
Refers to a sequence of neural activation beginning in higher…
Thought
Any cognitive processes directed toward problem solving, unde…
Covert Behavior
behavior that is unobservable in another person
42 terms
Chapter 9 COGNITION: LANGUAGE AND THOUGHT
Language
Grammar
Phoneme
Phonological rules
a system for communicating with others using signals that are…
a set of rules that specify how the units of language can be…
the smallest unit of sound that is recognizable as speech rat…
a set of rules that indicate how phonemes can be combined to…
Language
a system for communicating with others using signals that are…
Grammar
a set of rules that specify how the units of language can be…
17 terms
Chapter 9: Cognition: Thinking and Language
Metacognition
Divergent
Convergent
Concept
Thinking about thinking
Thinking that searches for multiple possible answers to a que…
Thinking pointed toward one solution
Mental grouping of similar objects, events, states, ideas, pe…
Metacognition
Thinking about thinking
Divergent
Thinking that searches for multiple possible answers to a que…
67 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9: Language
Psycholinguistics
Language vs. Communication
Communication
Language
Study of Psychological processes involved in using language;…
Communication is the process of sharing or giving information…
is the process of sharing or giving information, feelings, an…
Set of symbols and rules for combining those symbols that all…
Psycholinguistics
Study of Psychological processes involved in using language;…
Language vs. Communication
Communication is the process of sharing or giving information…
20 terms
Chapter 9 Cognition Language and intelligence
language
semantic content
surface structure
deep structure
a symbolic code used in communication
the meaning in symbols, such as language
the superficial spoken or written structure of a statement
the underlying structure of a statement that holds its meaning
language
a symbolic code used in communication
semantic content
the meaning in symbols, such as language
17 terms
Chapter 9 - Cognition, Language, and Intelligence
Cognition
Problem solving
What are the 3 different strategies us…
Trial and error
Intellectual process where information is obtained, transform…
Cognitive process through which information is used to reach…
Trial and error, algorithms, and heuristics
Repeated, varied attempts to solve a problem which are contin…
Cognition
Intellectual process where information is obtained, transform…
Problem solving
Cognitive process through which information is used to reach…
78 terms
Cognitive Psych Chapter 9: Language and Language Comprehension
What is Psycholinguistics?
Primary Processes Investigated in Psyc…
Areas of Psycholinguistics/ Basic Comp…
- A field that examines how people use language to communicat…
-Language Comprehension... -Language Production... -Language Acquis…
-Phonology... -Morphology... -Syntax... -Sematics... -Pragmatics
What is Psycholinguistics?
- A field that examines how people use language to communicat…
Primary Processes Investigated in Psyc…
-Language Comprehension... -Language Production... -Language Acquis…
26 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9: Language
grammar
language
phonemes
morphemes
System of rules for natural language.
regular (has a grammar), productive (infinite combinations of…
Sounds that make up a language.
Smallest meaningful units of language.
grammar
System of rules for natural language.
language
regular (has a grammar), productive (infinite combinations of…
12 terms
Cognitive Psychology: Chapter 9- Language
Phonemes
Morphemes
Syntax
Semantics
Sound of Language ex. For the word D (d)ip and love(d) simila…
Smallest Meaningful Unit
Rules for putting sentences together
Rules to associate meaning with sentences
Phonemes
Sound of Language ex. For the word D (d)ip and love(d) simila…
Morphemes
Smallest Meaningful Unit
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9 Language and Cognitive Aging
regular and productive
phonemes
morphemes
syntax
A natural language must be ____ (and) _____. Meaning it is go…
the smallest unit of sound, we have about 40 in English.
the smallest meaningful unit of sound. Can be a prefix or suf…
the structure of a sentence
regular and productive
A natural language must be ____ (and) _____. Meaning it is go…
phonemes
the smallest unit of sound, we have about 40 in English.
22 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9: Language
grammar
language
phonemes
morphemes
System of rules for natural language.
regular (has a grammar), productive (infinite combinations of…
Sounds that make up a language.
Smallest meaningful units of language.
grammar
System of rules for natural language.
language
regular (has a grammar), productive (infinite combinations of…
40 terms
Cognitive Psychology Language Chapter 9
angular gyrus
anomia
aphasias
bilingualism
An area of the brain located next to the auditory cortex in t…
Avoidance or inability to recall the names of objects in cate…
Any of the numerous impairments that cause an inability to un…
The ability to speak two or more languages fluently.(p.296)
angular gyrus
An area of the brain located next to the auditory cortex in t…
anomia
Avoidance or inability to recall the names of objects in cate…
20 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9: Language
grammar
language
phonemes
morphemes
System of rules for natural language.
regular (has a grammar), productive (infinite combinations of…
Sounds that make up a language.
Smallest meaningful units of language.
grammar
System of rules for natural language.
language
regular (has a grammar), productive (infinite combinations of…
59 terms
Cognition: Chapter 9-10 Language and Problem Solving
what area of the brain is responsible…
what is broca's Aphasia and what brain…
where is broca's area?
what is Wernickes aphasia?
left hemisphere with lots of different areas for certain func…
trouble producing fluent speech ... - can still comprehend langu…
left interior frontal gyrus
cannot comprehend speech... - damage to the superior temporal co…
what area of the brain is responsible…
left hemisphere with lots of different areas for certain func…
what is broca's Aphasia and what brain…
trouble producing fluent speech ... - can still comprehend langu…
47 terms
Chapter 9: Cognitive and Language Development
phonology
Semantics
Grammar
Syntax
the rules governing the structure and sequence of speech soun…
involves vocabulary--the way underlying concepts are expresse…
the third component of language, consists of 2 main parts, sy…
rules by which words are arranged into sentences
phonology
the rules governing the structure and sequence of speech soun…
Semantics
involves vocabulary--the way underlying concepts are expresse…
31 terms
Cognitive Psychology: Chapter 9-Language
5 structure of language
Phonemes
Morphemes
Syntax
Phonemes, morphemes, syntax, semantics, pragmatics
Sounds of a language
Smallest meaningful units (-ing)
Rules for putting sentences together (phrases, clauses)
5 structure of language
Phonemes, morphemes, syntax, semantics, pragmatics
Phonemes
Sounds of a language
41 terms
Cognitive Psych: Chapter 9 Language
Tree diagrams (Wilhelm Wundt)
Grammatical transformations
Language
Speech
A description of a process that proceeds from one level at wh…
rules operating on entire strings of symbols, converting them…
open ended verbal communication that consists of all possible…
sentences that are actually spoken, only a small subset of la…
Tree diagrams (Wilhelm Wundt)
A description of a process that proceeds from one level at wh…
Grammatical transformations
rules operating on entire strings of symbols, converting them…
24 terms
Cognitive Science Chapter 9 Language
communication
arbitrary
structured
generative
production, transmission, and comprehension of information.
states that the symbols and letters in regards to communicati…
language is governed by a set of rules
language can be combined in small numbers to create a large n…
communication
production, transmission, and comprehension of information.
arbitrary
states that the symbols and letters in regards to communicati…
34 terms
Chapter 9 Cognitive Psych: Language
psycholinguistics
phoneme
morpheme
morphology
an interdisciplinary field that examines how people use langu…
the basic unit of spoken language, such as the sounds a, k, th
the basic unit of meaning
the study of morphemes, examines how we create words using mo…
psycholinguistics
an interdisciplinary field that examines how people use langu…
phoneme
the basic unit of spoken language, such as the sounds a, k, th
33 terms
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: Chapter 9 Language
Aphasia
Broca's Aphasia
Expressive Aphasia
Grammar
A disorder of language, though to have neurological causes, i…
Damage to this area is associated with difficulties in produc…
Broca's Aphasia
A system of rules that produces well-formed, or "legal" entit…
Aphasia
A disorder of language, though to have neurological causes, i…
Broca's Aphasia
Damage to this area is associated with difficulties in produc…
29 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9 Language
Semanticity
Arbitrariness
Displacement
Reflectiveness
Specific meanings of language sounds (symbols have meanings,…
Little or no connection between linguistic symbols and what t…
Communication of ideas that are remote in space and time (we…
Thinking about and communication about language (we can use l…
Semanticity
Specific meanings of language sounds (symbols have meanings,…
Arbitrariness
Little or no connection between linguistic symbols and what t…
23 terms
Cognitive Psychology: Language (Chapter 9)
What are two qualities of language?
What are five levels of language?
What did the Saffran (2003) experiment…
How can words be detected?
1) Language is infinitely productive 2) language has structure
1) sentence 2) phrase 3) word 4) morpheme 5) phoneme
babies learn language through statistical learning, high like…
bigram frequency: words have higher bigram frequency than non…
What are two qualities of language?
1) Language is infinitely productive 2) language has structure
What are five levels of language?
1) sentence 2) phrase 3) word 4) morpheme 5) phoneme
25 terms
Chapter 9 - Language Comprehension, Cognition 8th ED
What makes up language?
What makes up comprehension?
B.F. Skinner
Noam Chomsky
comprehension and production
reading and listening
verbal behavior in animals; behaviorist
criticized Skinner's theory, stated mind contains rules for l…
What makes up language?
comprehension and production
What makes up comprehension?
reading and listening
28 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 9: Cognition Thinking and Language
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
28 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 9: Cognition Thinking and Language
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
47 terms
cognitive psychology chapter 9 language
1. What is language?
Psycholinguistics
2. In general, what are linguistic uni…
3. Define the following linguistic uni…
A shared symbolic system used for communication
the study of language as it is used and learned by people... Cog…
-Features or characteristics that are common to all languages
semanticity,arbitrariness,displacement,... productivity.
1. What is language?
A shared symbolic system used for communication
Psycholinguistics
the study of language as it is used and learned by people... Cog…
44 terms
Psychology Chapter 9 Cognition, language, and intelligence
cognition
concepts
conjunctive concepts
disjunctive concepts
the intellectual processes through which information is obtai…
categories of things, events, and qualities that are linked t…
concepts defined by the simultaneous presence of two or more…
concepts defined by the presence of one of two common charact…
cognition
the intellectual processes through which information is obtai…
concepts
categories of things, events, and qualities that are linked t…
60 terms
Chapter 8 Memory and Chapter 9 Cognition & Language
Sensory memory
Short term memory
Primacy Effect
Recency effect
• Immediate and initial recording of sensory information... - Re…
• STM: limited storage capacity, but it can hold onto informa…
- More likely to remember words that come at the beginning of…
时近效应... - More likely to remember words at the end of a series... -…
Sensory memory
• Immediate and initial recording of sensory information... - Re…
Short term memory
• STM: limited storage capacity, but it can hold onto informa…
AP Psychology Chapter 9: Cognition (Thinking and Language)
Thinking
Cognition
Divergent Thinking
Convergent Thinking
refers to all mental activities associated w/processing, unde…
the ways we create concepts, solve problems, make decisions
thinking that searches for multiple answers to a question
thinking pointed towards one solution
Thinking
refers to all mental activities associated w/processing, unde…
Cognition
the ways we create concepts, solve problems, make decisions
10 terms
Unit 7: Language and Cognition Chapter 9
Allophony
Deep dysphasia
Deep dyslexia
Homophones
One of two or more similar sounds associated with the same ph…
A condition involving semantic errors when trying to repeat s…
A condition in which reading unfamiliar words and non-words i…
Words pronounced in the same way but that differ in their spe…
Allophony
One of two or more similar sounds associated with the same ph…
Deep dysphasia
A condition involving semantic errors when trying to repeat s…
46 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9 Language I: Intro to Language and Language Comprehension
psycholinguistics
Phoneme
Morpheme
Morphology
An interdisciplinary field that examines how ppl use language…
is the basic unit of spoken language, such as a,k,and th... • En…
- is the basic unit of meaning... • E.g. the word "reactivated"…
the study of morphemes; examines how we create words by combi…
psycholinguistics
An interdisciplinary field that examines how ppl use language…
Phoneme
is the basic unit of spoken language, such as a,k,and th... • En…
29 terms
Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9 Language I: Intro to Language and Language Comprehension
psycholinguistics
Phoneme
Morpheme
Morphology
An interdisciplinary field that examines how ppl use language…
is the basic unit of spoken language, such as a,k,and th... • En…
- is the basic unit of meaning... • E.g. the word "reactivated"…
the study of morphemes; examines how we create words by combi…
psycholinguistics
An interdisciplinary field that examines how ppl use language…
Phoneme
is the basic unit of spoken language, such as a,k,and th... • En…
37 terms
Cognitive Psych: Chapter 9 & 10 Language
Lanuage
Symbols
Grammar
Semantics
a system of communication that presumes there is a speaker an…
gestures, signs, objects, signals, and words. Provides cues t…
a set of structural rules governing the composition of clause…
the sense conveyed by an utterance. When words and gestures r…
Lanuage
a system of communication that presumes there is a speaker an…
Symbols
gestures, signs, objects, signals, and words. Provides cues t…
32 terms
Cognition Ch9 Language
Language
Word
morpheme
phoneme
Hierarchial, with each level composed of other sub levels.
smallest free form
smallest unit of meaning (s)
smallest unit of sound... most basic unit that differentiates la…
Language
Hierarchial, with each level composed of other sub levels.
Word
smallest free form
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