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37 terms
Language Development - TExES Chapter 4
Accommodation
Affective domain
Assimilation
Cognitive domain
Learning by combing old material with new knowledge.
Feelings, emotions, and attitudes
Learning by adding new knowledge to existing.
Memory and thinking ability.
Accommodation
Learning by combing old material with new knowledge.
Affective domain
Feelings, emotions, and attitudes
20 terms
Chapter 4 Language Development
assimilation
auditory discrimination
babbling
echolalia
process by which external stimuli are incorporated into exist…
the ability to recognize and differentiate between utterances
long strings of sounds that children begin to produce at abou…
immediate, whole or partial vocal imitation of another speake…
assimilation
process by which external stimuli are incorporated into exist…
auditory discrimination
the ability to recognize and differentiate between utterances
39 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
Language development is impacted by:
Firing across synapses to establish sy…
Within 18 days of conception what begi…
At the end of the 2nd trimester what h…
Sensation, Perception, Motor Control, Cognition, and Learning
Synaptogenesis
Brain development
Neurons, however they are not yet organized
Language development is impacted by:
Sensation, Perception, Motor Control, Cognition, and Learning
Firing across synapses to establish sy…
Synaptogenesis
19 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
Prosody
Reflexive vocalizations
non-reflexive vocalizations... cooing... voc…
Otitis media
The pitch, loudness, tempo, and rhythm of speech. p. 97
Vocalizations that come from an infant's physical state (e.g.…
Infant vocalizations that are not initiated as a result of a…
Inflammation of the middle ear. p. 102
Prosody
The pitch, loudness, tempo, and rhythm of speech. p. 97
Reflexive vocalizations
Vocalizations that come from an infant's physical state (e.g.…
34 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
Phones
Phonemes
Allophones
Articulatory Phonetics
All the sounds that a language uses.... • English examples: [p]…
The sounds that create contrasts in meaning... in a given langua…
Sounds that differ, but do not contrast... meaning in a given la…
Describes speech sounds in... terms of the articulatory mechanism.
Phones
All the sounds that a language uses.... • English examples: [p]…
Phonemes
The sounds that create contrasts in meaning... in a given langua…
19 terms
Chapter 4 - Language Development in Early Childhood Education - EDEE 325 - Development of Language & Literacy
Prosody
Reflexive Vocalizations
Non Reflexive Vocalizations
Cooing
Refers to the pitch, loudness, tempo, and rhythm of speech.
Come from the infant's physical state. For example crying, co…
Cooing and later babbling. Basically any form of communicatio…
Sounds that are extended vowel sounds such as "ooo" "ahhh" "e…
Prosody
Refers to the pitch, loudness, tempo, and rhythm of speech.
Reflexive Vocalizations
Come from the infant's physical state. For example crying, co…
53 terms
Chapter 4 - language development
Neuroscience
Nueroanatomy
Neurophsiology
Central nervous system
branch of science that focuses on the anatomy and physiology…
anantomy of the nervous system
physiology of the nervous system
brain and spinal cord
Neuroscience
branch of science that focuses on the anatomy and physiology…
Nueroanatomy
anantomy of the nervous system
44 terms
Chapter 4- Language Development
January 1, 1990
neuroscience
human nervous system
(MRI)
George Bush declared decade of the brain
a branch of science that focuses on the anatomy and physiolog…
central nervous system (CNS- brain and spinal cord) ... periphe…
Magnetic Resonance imaging
January 1, 1990
George Bush declared decade of the brain
neuroscience
a branch of science that focuses on the anatomy and physiolog…
Language Development, Chapter 4
Number of sounds used in speech?
Phones
Number of phones used in GAE?
Phoneme
200; no language uses all 200
All sounds that a given language uses... Phones include phoneme…
approx 45
Sounds that create a CHANGE in meaning... ie: /p/ vs. /b/ ... "pa…
Number of sounds used in speech?
200; no language uses all 200
Phones
All sounds that a given language uses... Phones include phoneme…
15 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
child's cognitive growth
brain development facts
types of brain development
gross brain development
sets pace for linguistic growth.
brain development begins at 18 days of conception and grows m…
gross and micro
concerns the main neurological structures
child's cognitive growth
sets pace for linguistic growth.
brain development facts
brain development begins at 18 days of conception and grows m…
14 terms
Chapter 4 - Language Development
Working Memory (WM)
Long Term Memory (LTM)
attention
perception
ability to hold and process information
ability to store information
arousal and orientation toward stimuli (influences by engagem…
recognition of stimuli as examples of ones encountered int eh…
Working Memory (WM)
ability to hold and process information
Long Term Memory (LTM)
ability to store information
49 terms
Chapter 4 Language Development
Semantic Development
Arbitrary sign
onomatopoeic word
Iconic words
Process of learning to relate words to their referents & unde…
Relationship between a word and its... referent is
such as the word "thud" have a more obvious & meaningful conn…
often make up a large part of a child's early vocabulary. Are…
Semantic Development
Process of learning to relate words to their referents & unde…
Arbitrary sign
Relationship between a word and its... referent is
9 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
delay vs. disorder
Pre language
Environment effecting language develop…
Toddlers language
delay-an immaturity, everything is a little behind... disorder-i…
reciprocal communication, get/ maintain attention, babbling,…
language spoken by parents, social interaction, age of surrou…
18 months, 50 words, babbling decrease, word use increase, ph…
delay vs. disorder
delay-an immaturity, everything is a little behind... disorder-i…
Pre language
reciprocal communication, get/ maintain attention, babbling,…
25 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
Semantics
Folk Etymologies
Mental Dictionary
Semantic Features
The relationship between words & their referents
Ex. Blueberry (berry that is blue)... Bedroom (room that has a b…
All have our own mental dictionary of what these words are/wh…
Descriptions of an object... Learn a set of distinguishing chara…
Semantics
The relationship between words & their referents
Folk Etymologies
Ex. Blueberry (berry that is blue)... Bedroom (room that has a b…
27 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
distinctive feature
phones
phonemes
allophones
phonetic feature such as voicing that creates a phonemic dist…
speech sound used by any language
speech sounds that signal a difference in meaning in a partic…
acoustically different speech sounds that are not functionall…
distinctive feature
phonetic feature such as voicing that creates a phonemic dist…
phones
speech sound used by any language
73 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
neuroscience
neuroanatomy
neurophysiology
central nervous system (CNS)
The branch of science involving the study of the anatomy and…
The anatomical structures of the nervous system.
The way the anatomical structures of the nervous system work…
The brain and the spinal cord.
neuroscience
The branch of science involving the study of the anatomy and…
neuroanatomy
The anatomical structures of the nervous system.
46 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
Name the 5 things that impacts early d…
what happens within 18 days of concept…
what happens at the end of the second…
What are half of the brain's neurons b…
sensation, perception, motor control, cognition, and learning
brain development
neurons are developed but aren't organized
pruned back
Name the 5 things that impacts early d…
sensation, perception, motor control, cognition, and learning
what happens within 18 days of concept…
brain development
25 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
Development is of two types:
Primary Anatomical Asymmetry is found…
Sensation
What is the first sense to develop in…
Gross & Micro
Left Temporal Lobe
The ability to register sensory information
Touch
Development is of two types:
Gross & Micro
Primary Anatomical Asymmetry is found…
Left Temporal Lobe
12 terms
Language Development - Chapter 4
Which of the following provides eviden…
Which of the following are true about…
Which of the following constitutes evi…
Which of the following are NOT true ab…
the fact that children who have difficulty on tasks of execut…
IDS is consistently used in all culture across the world
the fact that infants prefer to listen to specific passages o…
IDS is consistently used in all cultures across the world
Which of the following provides eviden…
the fact that children who have difficulty on tasks of execut…
Which of the following are true about…
IDS is consistently used in all culture across the world
10 terms
Language Development Chapter 4
All of the following depend on metalin…
The notion that children learn a set o…
The view that some types of birds are…
A toddler who calls a horse "doggie" i…
b
C
c
a
All of the following depend on metalin…
b
The notion that children learn a set o…
C
18 terms
Chapter 4 Development of Language
what is language impairment?
when do infants develop their interact…
what id PCF?
what is representation?
a group of developmental and disorders or delays that are pri…
8 to 9 months
phonetically consistent forms, example of a consistent vocal…
the process of having one thing stand for another
what is language impairment?
a group of developmental and disorders or delays that are pri…
when do infants develop their interact…
8 to 9 months
10 terms
CSD Language Development Chapter 4
figurative language
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
reformulation
lexicon
nonliteral phrases consisting idioms, metaphors, similes and…
consistent vocal patterns that function as meaningful "words"…
an adult response to a child's utterance to provide a more co…
an individual's personal dictionary of words and meanings
figurative language
nonliteral phrases consisting idioms, metaphors, similes and…
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
consistent vocal patterns that function as meaningful "words"…
26 terms
Chapter 4 Normal Language Development
Semantics/... semantic development
Referent
Semantic features
Figure 4.1
Linguistic study of meaning.... -The acquisition of words and th…
NOT THE MEANING OF A WORD.... E.g., "look at the doggie" the dog…
-The characteristics that define the meaning contained in a w…
...
Semantics/... semantic development
Linguistic study of meaning.... -The acquisition of words and th…
Referent
NOT THE MEANING OF A WORD.... E.g., "look at the doggie" the dog…
10 terms
CSD Language Development Chapter 4
figurative language
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
reformulation
lexicon
nonliteral phrases consisting idioms, metaphors, similes and…
consistent vocal patterns that function as meaningful "words"…
an adult response to a child's utterance to provide a more co…
an individual's personal dictionary of words and meanings
figurative language
nonliteral phrases consisting idioms, metaphors, similes and…
phonetically consistent forms (PCFs)
consistent vocal patterns that function as meaningful "words"…
34 terms
CTEL 2 Chapter 4-English Language Development
Goals 2000
TESOL
TESOL - ESL Standards have 3 Goals (ea…
(California) English Language Developm…
(1989)President Bush long term national education strategy fr…
TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) de…
1) To use English to communicate in social settings... 2) To use…
Guidelines to move students toward fluency within the languag…
Goals 2000
(1989)President Bush long term national education strategy fr…
TESOL
TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) de…
40 terms
Chapter 4: Speech and Language Development
speech development
language development
behavioral theory (behaviorism)
operant conditioning (instrumental)
The progressive evolving and shaping of individual sounds and…
The progressive growth of a receptive and expressive communic…
In reference to speech and language, a perspective of develop…
A learning model for changing behavior in which a desired beh…
speech development
The progressive evolving and shaping of individual sounds and…
language development
The progressive growth of a receptive and expressive communic…
33 terms
Chapter 4- Speech & Language Development
speech development
Language Development
Behavioral Theory
B.F. Skinner
Progressive evolving and shaping of individual sounds and syl…
progressive growth of a receptive and expressive communicatio…
a perspective of development that asserts that speech and lan…
Father of Modern Behavioral Theory. (operant conditioning)
speech development
Progressive evolving and shaping of individual sounds and syl…
Language Development
progressive growth of a receptive and expressive communicatio…
6 terms
Chapter 4: Speech and Language Development
behavioral theory
operant conditioning
nativistic theory
nativistic theory
B.F. Skinner; operant conditioning
...
...
...
behavioral theory
B.F. Skinner; operant conditioning
operant conditioning
...
24 terms
Chapter 4: Language Development Theories
gesture
oral language
written language
phonology
-mode of communication... -use of nonverbal communication to exp…
-mode of communication... -use of spoken language to communicate…
-mode of communication... -uses alphabet; found in books, etc.,…
-rules associated with sound combos and pronunciation of sounds
gesture
-mode of communication... -use of nonverbal communication to exp…
oral language
-mode of communication... -use of spoken language to communicate…
35 terms
Stages of Language Development Chapter 4
Prelinguistic Communication 0-12 months
Vocalizations that occur before the fi…
Prelinguistic Semantic Development- 0-…
Prelinguistic Semantic Development 0-1…
Speech, Semantic, Pragmatic
The sound of early language- Cooing, Babbling, Jargon
Receptive Vocabulary- 3-50 words... Expressive Vocabulary- No wo…
Child directed speech... Joint Reference
Prelinguistic Communication 0-12 months
Speech, Semantic, Pragmatic
Vocalizations that occur before the fi…
The sound of early language- Cooing, Babbling, Jargon
22 terms
Chapter 4: Models of Language Development
Nature
Nurture
Empiricist (Operant Model)
Nativist (Structural Model)
What we use to acquire language is genetic, inborn, part of u…
we acquire language through interacting with the environment,…
Skinner's Operant Conditioning (Language Development Models)
Chomsky's Syntactic Theory (Language Development Models)
Nature
What we use to acquire language is genetic, inborn, part of u…
Nurture
we acquire language through interacting with the environment,…
27 terms
Speech and Language Development Chapter 4
Normal communication development
Theories of Speech and Language Develo…
Behavioral Theory was founded by
Explanation on Behavioral Theory
Integration of anatomy and physiology speech systems, Neurolo…
Behavioral Theory, Nativistic theory, Semantic Cognitive Theo…
B.F Skinner, Language is a set of verbal behaviors learned th…
Does not try to explain the acquisition of language because l…
Normal communication development
Integration of anatomy and physiology speech systems, Neurolo…
Theories of Speech and Language Develo…
Behavioral Theory, Nativistic theory, Semantic Cognitive Theo…
121 terms
Normal Language Development Chapter 4
afferent
allocortex
anatomists
anterior
move toward the brain carrying sensory information from the d…
the original and older human brain. It and the neo cortex com…
...
...
afferent
move toward the brain carrying sensory information from the d…
allocortex
the original and older human brain. It and the neo cortex com…
23 terms
Chapter 4 - Psychology of Language - Language Development
babbling
telegraphic speech
sucking habituation paradigm
tabula rasa
an early stage of language, starting at the age of about 5 or…
a type of speech used by young children, marked by syntactic…
a method for examining whether or not very young infants can…
a blank sheet of paper
babbling
an early stage of language, starting at the age of about 5 or…
telegraphic speech
a type of speech used by young children, marked by syntactic…
33 terms
Chapter 4 Hearing and Language Development
When does the ear start to develop?
26 to 28 weeks
When does the auditory system become a…
What is sound encoding?
during the 3 week of development (5 weeks gestational age).
When does the human ear begin to function and the fetus start…
around 12 years of age
the ear and auditory pathway receive and code sound and send…
When does the ear start to develop?
during the 3 week of development (5 weeks gestational age).
26 to 28 weeks
When does the human ear begin to function and the fetus start…
41 terms
Chapter 4: Theory of Language Development
theory
what is evidence-based practice (EBP)?
Scientists who conduct language-develo…
theoretical research (basic research)
refers to descriptive statements or principles devised to exp…
EBP involves integrating theoretical knowledge with scientifi…
psychology, linguistics, psycholinguistics, linguistic anthro…
focuses primarily on generating and refining the existing kno…
theory
refers to descriptive statements or principles devised to exp…
what is evidence-based practice (EBP)?
EBP involves integrating theoretical knowledge with scientifi…
57 terms
chapter 4 speech and language development
speech development
language development
receptive vs. expressive language
behavioral theory (behaviorism)
-evolving and shaping of individual sounds and syllables that…
growth of receptive and expressive communication system for r…
-what a child understands of what is said... -the words, grammat…
-B.F. Skinner... -applied to speech and language... -behaviors are…
speech development
-evolving and shaping of individual sounds and syllables that…
language development
growth of receptive and expressive communication system for r…
24 terms
Chapter 4: Language Development of Infants and Toddlers
prosody
reflexive vocalizations
nonreflexive vocalizations
cooing
the study of poetic meter and the art of versification
include cries, coughs, grunts, and burps that seem to be auto…
infant vocalizations that are not initiated as a result of a…
around 2 months, babies begin to make vowel-like noises, beca…
prosody
the study of poetic meter and the art of versification
reflexive vocalizations
include cries, coughs, grunts, and burps that seem to be auto…
43 terms
COMD 2500 Language and Hearing Development Chapter 4
What do infants bring to the task of l…
Theory
Modularity
Nurture-Inspired (Empiricist)
3 major questions to consider when studying theories on langu…
Descriptive statements that provide stable explanations for a…
How the brain is organized for various cognitive processes
This theory states that humans gain all knowledge through exp…
What do infants bring to the task of l…
3 major questions to consider when studying theories on langu…
Theory
Descriptive statements that provide stable explanations for a…
16 terms
Chapter 4: Periods of Language Development
child directed speech
joint reference
Dore's Primitive Speech Acts
intentionality
slower rate of speaking with a higher pitch, long pauses, and…
when a caregiver brings a child's attention to an object and…
organized prelinguistic behaviors according to the social fun…
use of verbal and nonverbal behaviors to indicate wants and n…
child directed speech
slower rate of speaking with a higher pitch, long pauses, and…
joint reference
when a caregiver brings a child's attention to an object and…
14 terms
Chapter 4 Normal Speech and Language Development (Neuroanatomy & Neurophysiology)
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
The Brain
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
acts primarily as a conduit of information, carrying not only…
The PNS is the system of nerves connected to the brainstem an…
The brain is divided into 3 sections:... *Cerebrum... *Brainstem... *C…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
consists of the brain and the spinal cord
Spinal Cord
acts primarily as a conduit of information, carrying not only…
30 terms
Normal Language Development: chapter 4 (cont)
Overextensions
Underextensions
Characteristics of Children's invented…
Simplicity
Said to occur when a child uses a word in a context or manner…
Occurs when a child uses a particular word for only a limited…
-Simplicity... -Semantic transparency... -Productivity
is reflected in children's use of a conventional word in an u…
Overextensions
Said to occur when a child uses a word in a context or manner…
Underextensions
Occurs when a child uses a particular word for only a limited…
34 terms
CTEL 2 Chapter 4-English Language Development
Goals 2000
TESOL
TESOL - ESL Standards have 3 Goals (ea…
(California) English Language Developm…
(1989)President Bush long term national education strategy fr…
TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) de…
1) To use English to communicate in social settings... 2) To use…
Guidelines to move students toward fluency within the languag…
Goals 2000
(1989)President Bush long term national education strategy fr…
TESOL
TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) de…
10 terms
chapter 4, language development through the lifespan
3 months
8 months
12 months
18 months
responds vocally to partner
begins gesturing
First word spoken. Words fill intentions previously signaled…
begins combining words on the basis of word-order rules
3 months
responds vocally to partner
8 months
begins gesturing
23 terms
Chapter 4 The Science and Theory of Language Development
Why study theoretical models?
What do infants bring to the task of l…
what mechanisms drive language acquisi…
What types of input support the langua…
______________________help us to understand why things happen…
-some theories propose that infants arrive preprogrammed to a…
-some propose that processes people use to learn language are…
-some suggest that increasing knowledge of social conventions…
Why study theoretical models?
______________________help us to understand why things happen…
What do infants bring to the task of l…
-some theories propose that infants arrive preprogrammed to a…
10 terms
Chapter 4: Development of Language/Childhood Impairments
Define Presupposition.
Define Embedding.
Define Language Impairment.
What are the assessment goals?
Processing of estimating: 1. knowledge of listener & 1. amoun…
Placement of phrase or clause within another clause.
Heterogeneous group of developmental/acquired disorders or de…
Verification of communication problems, description and quant…
Define Presupposition.
Processing of estimating: 1. knowledge of listener & 1. amoun…
Define Embedding.
Placement of phrase or clause within another clause.
24 terms
Prenatal Development Chapter 4
Ovum
Uterus
Fallopian Tube
Sperm
an egg cell
Female organ where a fetus develops
They are tubes that connect the ovary to the uterus.
Male cell needed for reproduction
Ovum
an egg cell
Uterus
Female organ where a fetus develops
41 terms
Chapter 4: The Emergence of Thought and Language: Cognitive Development
scheme
assimilation
accommodation
equilibration
according to Piaget, a mental structure that organizes inform…
according to Piaget, taking in information that is compatible…
according to Piaget, changing existing knowledge based on new…
according to Piaget, a process by which children reorganize t…
scheme
according to Piaget, a mental structure that organizes inform…
assimilation
according to Piaget, taking in information that is compatible…
28 terms
Language Development Exam 4 - Chapter 4 Terms
Agent
Bound morphemes
Chatterbox syndrome
Closed class words
The semantic role of a noun that serves as the performer or d…
Morphemes that cannot appear as a word on their own; in order…
A rare condition in which one has severe cognitive deficits a…
Words for which new words cannot be created, such as preposit…
Agent
The semantic role of a noun that serves as the performer or d…
Bound morphemes
Morphemes that cannot appear as a word on their own; in order…
16 terms
Childhood Language Development and Childhood Language Impairments (chapter 4)
Language disorder
language delay
Does someone with a language disorder…
Do most language disorders look the sa…
a true impairment
behind in development, but catch up with same-age peers over…
may or may not follow typical developmental patterns (but are…
heterogeneous group, not all kids with autism are going to lo…
Language disorder
a true impairment
language delay
behind in development, but catch up with same-age peers over…
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