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Study sets matching "language mechanics"

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Study sets matching "language mechanics"

17 terms
Language Mechanics
We the ___________ of the United States
in order to ____________ a more perfec…
Establish _________
ensure domestic _______________
people
form
Justice
tranquility
We the ___________ of the United States
people
in order to ____________ a more perfec…
form
9 terms
Language Arts,Writing (Mechanics)
Quotation marks has their own rules re…
Proper capitalization is tested on the…
APOSTROPHE rules:... • DO use an apostro…
HOMONYMS are two (or more) words that…
Example: ... • "Hurry up, man," Jimmy said with impatience. Com…
Capitalize... • proper nouns:... Eiffel Tower proper noun... The Ad…
Examples:... • Last summer, someone vandalized the NAACP's head…
Example:... some referring to a relatively small quantity ... sum…
Quotation marks has their own rules re…
Example: ... • "Hurry up, man," Jimmy said with impatience. Com…
Proper capitalization is tested on the…
Capitalize... • proper nouns:... Eiffel Tower proper noun... The Ad…
26 terms
AP Language & Mechanics
Logos
Pathos
Ethos
What is a rhetorical analysis essay?
Logic
Emotion
Ethics
Using rhetoric to analyze an essay
Logos
Logic
Pathos
Emotion
9 terms
Language Arts,Writing (Mechanics)
Quotation marks has their own rules re…
Proper capitalization is tested on the…
APOSTROPHE rules:... • DO use an apostro…
HOMONYMS are two (or more) words that…
Example: ... • "Hurry up, man," Jimmy said with impatience. Com…
Capitalize... • proper nouns:... Eiffel Tower proper noun... The Ad…
Examples:... • Last summer, someone vandalized the NAACP's head…
Example:... some referring to a relatively small quantity ... sum…
Quotation marks has their own rules re…
Example: ... • "Hurry up, man," Jimmy said with impatience. Com…
Proper capitalization is tested on the…
Capitalize... • proper nouns:... Eiffel Tower proper noun... The Ad…
10 terms
Language Mechanics By Tyler Capristo
Which word needs a capital letter? The…
Which sentence is correct?... My dog and…
Which sentence is correct?... Grace, my…
Which word is spelled right?... Unfortun…
Oak
My dog and I love to go to the park.
Grace, my friend, is going to Paris.
Unfortunately
Which word needs a capital letter? The…
Oak
Which sentence is correct?... My dog and…
My dog and I love to go to the park.
8 terms
Central Speech and Language Mechanisms
Broca's Area
Wernicke's Area
Arcuate/Fasciculus
Supramarginal Gyrus
Speech Motor Planning
Language Comprehension
Connecting Wernicke's to Broca's Area
Process the symbols for writing
Broca's Area
Speech Motor Planning
Wernicke's Area
Language Comprehension
23 terms
Language Development: Learning Mechanisms
Early production and comprehension
How do children learn words?
Properties of the child
Constraints on word meaning
1. Infants progress from involuntary sounds to babbling to wo…
Traditional view: Learning by association
Children do not seem to think about all possible meanings. In…
1. Whole Object Bias... 2. Mutual Exclusivity
Early production and comprehension
1. Infants progress from involuntary sounds to babbling to wo…
How do children learn words?
Traditional view: Learning by association
23 terms
neuro brain mechanisms of language
agnosia
aphasia
left interior frontal region, right ne…
labored speech, anomia (no words), rea…
the inability to recognize objects, despite being able to des…
an impairment in language understanding and/or production tha…
Broca's area location
symptoms of Broca's area impairment
agnosia
the inability to recognize objects, despite being able to des…
aphasia
an impairment in language understanding and/or production tha…
27 terms
Feedback Mechanisms/Anatomy Language
Negative Feedback
Positive Feedback
Sagittal Section
Midsagittal Section
Most homeostasis control mechanisms, shuts off original stimu…
Increases original stimulus to push variable farther, this oc…
Divides the body or organs into left and right parts
Divides the body or organs into equal left and right parts
Negative Feedback
Most homeostasis control mechanisms, shuts off original stimu…
Positive Feedback
Increases original stimulus to push variable farther, this oc…
8 terms
Unit 6 Language Mechanism
Production basics
Wernicke's area
Think of a response
Organize/plan linguistic consgruction…
Possibly a response to somthing you heard... Think of a response…
Primary auditory cortex
Memory regions... Prefrontal area... Judgement... Decision making
Phonology, morpholgy, syntax
Production basics
Possibly a response to somthing you heard... Think of a response…
Wernicke's area
Primary auditory cortex
8 terms
Brain Mechanisms of Language
Aphasia
Wernicke's area location/function/damage
Broca's area location/function/damage
Arcuate Fasciculos function/damage
Language understanding/production impairment
Location: Temporal lobe... Function: process/understanding meani…
Location: Frontal lobe... Function: go from understanding to act…
function: axons going from wernicke's to broca's area... damage:…
Aphasia
Language understanding/production impairment
Wernicke's area location/function/damage
Location: Temporal lobe... Function: process/understanding meani…
17 terms
Mechanisms of Language Learning
What gets them from sentences to rules?
One way the role of the environment ha…
Studies of the syntax of "motherese"
Evidence for the biological contribution
• Two possible sources of explanation:... (1) Properties of the…
• Could special properties of parents' speech make the... enviro…
(1) Not really simpler in grammar.... Short sentences, yes.... But…
• Who learns language?... ALL HUMANS... • When?... IN CHILDHOOD... Is thi…
What gets them from sentences to rules?
• Two possible sources of explanation:... (1) Properties of the…
One way the role of the environment ha…
• Could special properties of parents' speech make the... enviro…
12 terms
5th Grade: Language Mechanics, Section 1 Nouns
Noun
Common Noun
Proper Noun
singular noun
a person place or thing, Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
names any one member of a group of people, places or things... (…
a name of a particula person place or thing... Labor Day, Chicag…
names one person, place or thing... (chapter, house, Corvette)
Noun
a person place or thing, Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Common Noun
names any one member of a group of people, places or things... (…
14 terms
5th Grade: Language Mechanics, Section 1 Nouns
Noun
Common Noun
Proper Noun
singular noun
a person place or thing, Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
names any one member of a group of people, places or things... (…
a name of a particula person place or thing... Labor Day, Chicag…
names one person, place or thing... (chapter, house, Corvette)
Noun
a person place or thing, Person, Place, Thing, or Idea
Common Noun
names any one member of a group of people, places or things... (…
18 terms
4th Grade Language Mechanics Ch 5 Verbs
Action Verbs
being verb
linking verb
helping verb
tells what someone or something does:... bring, brush, copy, dra…
shows what someone or something is:... am was had been... is were h…
joins the subject of a sentence to a subject complement:... are…
two parts a helping verb and has a main verb. Comes before an…
Action Verbs
tells what someone or something does:... bring, brush, copy, dra…
being verb
shows what someone or something is:... am was had been... is were h…
32 terms
LANGUAGE ARTS 706: MECHANICS AND STRUCTURE OF ENGLISH
capitalize
clarity
complement
compound
To write or print with an upper-case, or capital, letter.
Clearness of appearance, thought, or style.
A word or group of words that completes the meaning of either…
Having more than one part; something made by combining parts.
capitalize
To write or print with an upper-case, or capital, letter.
clarity
Clearness of appearance, thought, or style.
85 terms
Central Language Mechanism: Chapter 10
Cerebral cortex contains 2 categories…
Neocortex characteristics: m,r,c,l
Neocortex has __ cell layers. They are:
Neocortex layers are equally prominent…
Neocortex & Allocortex
Most advanced(newest), relatively uniform, 90% cortical areas…
6 layers: Molecular, external granular, external pyramidal, i…
F, not equally prominent
Cerebral cortex contains 2 categories…
Neocortex & Allocortex
Neocortex characteristics: m,r,c,l
Most advanced(newest), relatively uniform, 90% cortical areas…
8 terms
Central Speech and Language Mechanisms (steps)
1. Wernicke's Area:
2. Arcuate fasciculus
3. Subcortical structures
4. Broca's area
you have to process what comes in and then formulate a response
connects the Wernicke's area to the Broca's area by associati…
the input needed to make the Broca's area "work"
-plans with information from the sensory cortex... -it plans how…
1. Wernicke's Area:
you have to process what comes in and then formulate a response
2. Arcuate fasciculus
connects the Wernicke's area to the Broca's area by associati…
21 terms
Language Arts Exam Review (Grammar and Mechanics)
Man v. Man Conflict
Man v. Self Conflict
Man v. Nature Conflict
Man v. Society
a struggle between two characters, external
a struggle within one character, internal
a struggle between a character and a natural force, external
a struggle between a character and a force of society, external
Man v. Man Conflict
a struggle between two characters, external
Man v. Self Conflict
a struggle within one character, internal
46 terms
Central Language Mechanisms and Learning (NEURO...)
What is the surface area of the cerebr…
How thick is the cerebral cortex?
How many neurons are in the cerebral c…
How many synapses are in the cerebral…
2500 cm^2
2-4 mm thick
10-20 billion neurons
Billion-trillions of synapses
What is the surface area of the cerebr…
2500 cm^2
How thick is the cerebral cortex?
2-4 mm thick
18 terms
4th Grade Language Mechanics Ch 5 Verbs
Action Verbs
being verb
linking verb
helping verb
tells what someone or something does:... bring, brush, copy, dra…
shows what someone or something is:... am was had been... is were h…
joins the subject of a sentence to a subject complement:... are…
two parts a helping verb and has a main verb. Comes before an…
Action Verbs
tells what someone or something does:... bring, brush, copy, dra…
being verb
shows what someone or something is:... am was had been... is were h…
34 terms
Brain Structures and Mechanisms for Speech, Language and Hearing
Nervous Systems
Central Nervous System:
Peripheral Nervous System
Gray Matter
Anatomically: Central Nervous system and peripheral nervous s…
Cerebral hemispheres... Cerebellum... Brainstem... Spinal cord
Nerves issued from the brainstem and spinal cord (cranial and…
Consists of clusters of neuron cell bodies (somata). Cell bod…
Nervous Systems
Anatomically: Central Nervous system and peripheral nervous s…
Central Nervous System:
Cerebral hemispheres... Cerebellum... Brainstem... Spinal cord
17 terms
Brain Structures and Mechanisms for Speech Language and Hearing II
Cerebral White Matter
Association Tracts
Arcuate Fasciculus
Arcuate Fasciculus
Association Tracts, Striatal Tracts, Commissural Tracts, Desc…
Connect one part of the cortex to another, within the same he…
Connects Warnicke's Area and Broca's area. Implicated in repe…
Cerebral White Matter
Association Tracts, Striatal Tracts, Commissural Tracts, Desc…
Association Tracts
Connect one part of the cortex to another, within the same he…
Mechanics and Grammatical Terms- AP English Language and Composition
Sentence Parts
Clause
Dependent, or subordinate clause
Independent clause
...
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb. A…
A clause that cannot stand alone as a sentence and must be ac…
A clause that can stand alone as a sentence.
Sentence Parts
...
Clause
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb. A…
14 terms
LANGUAGE ARTS 709: Writing and Pronunciation "Paragraphs and Mechanics" Quiz Two
Transition
Summary
Transition
Inductive
A link between ideas or events.
The final presentation of facts.
A (n) __________ paragraphs helps to show change in scene, se…
A(n) _________ paragraph ends with a topic sentence.
Transition
A link between ideas or events.
Summary
The final presentation of facts.
8 terms
Elements of Language Third Course: Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics Language Skills Practice
Noun
Pronoun
Adjective
Verb
is a word or a word group that is used to name a person, plac…
is a word that is used in place of one or more nouns of prono…
is a word that is used to modify a noun or a pronoun
is a word that is used to express action or a state of being
Noun
is a word or a word group that is used to name a person, plac…
Pronoun
is a word that is used in place of one or more nouns of prono…
10 terms
Essay 1 - mechanisms of embodiment in action language
Language is amodal and abstracted away…
Explains embodiment through simulation…
Cannellini bean study - pps had to mov…
" comprehension of language about conc…
Fodor (1983)
Barsalou (2009)
Glenberg, Sato, Cattaneo (2008) - task and findings
Glenberg, Sato, Cattaneo (2008) - conclusion and problems
Language is amodal and abstracted away…
Fodor (1983)
Explains embodiment through simulation…
Barsalou (2009)
29 terms
Neuro 10 terms - central language mechanism and learning.
Autoassociator network
Cognition
Constraint - induced therapy - CIT
Declarative memory
Network used in simulations of behavior in which every unit i…
The mental process of knowing, which includes aspects such as…
... A treatment method in rehabilitation in which the patient…
... Memory for facts and events
Autoassociator network
Network used in simulations of behavior in which every unit i…
Cognition
The mental process of knowing, which includes aspects such as…
8 terms
Major components of the central language mechanism model
Brocas area
Motor strip
Arcuate fasciculus
wernickes area
motor programming for articulation
Activation of muscles for articulation
transmission of linguistic information to anterior areas from…
comprehension of oral language
Brocas area
motor programming for articulation
Motor strip
Activation of muscles for articulation
Central Language Mechanisms and Higher Cortical Functions
Cognition
Memory
3 processes of memory
declarative memory
thinking, higher level functions, processing, remembering, at…
store, retain and retrieve information
encoding, storage, recall
conscious memory ... episodic... events... semantic- memory of knowled…
Cognition
thinking, higher level functions, processing, remembering, at…
Memory
store, retain and retrieve information
29 terms
CH 10: Central Language Mechanism & Learning
Autoassociator Network
Cognition
Constraint-Induced Therapy (CIT)
Declarative Memory
network used in simulations of behavior in which every unit i…
the mental process of knowing, which includes aspects such as…
treatment method in rehab in which the patient is forced to u…
memory for facts and events
Autoassociator Network
network used in simulations of behavior in which every unit i…
Cognition
the mental process of knowing, which includes aspects such as…
29 terms
Neuro 10 terms - central language mechanism and learning.
Autoassociator network
Cognition
Constraint - induced therapy - CIT
Declarative memory
Network used in simulations of behavior in which every unit i…
The mental process of knowing, which includes aspects such as…
... A treatment method in rehabilitation in which the patient…
... Memory for facts and events
Autoassociator network
Network used in simulations of behavior in which every unit i…
Cognition
The mental process of knowing, which includes aspects such as…
Neuro 10 terms - central language mechanism and learning.
Autoassociator network
Cognition
Constraint - induced therapy - CIT
Declarative memory
Network used in simulations of behavior in which every unit i…
The mental process of knowing, which includes aspects such as…
... A treatment method in rehabilitation in which the patient…
... Memory for facts and events
Autoassociator network
Network used in simulations of behavior in which every unit i…
Cognition
The mental process of knowing, which includes aspects such as…
9 terms
major components of the central language mechanism model
brocas area
motor strip
arcuate fasiculus
wernicke's area
motor programming for articulation
activates muscles for articulation
transmits linguistic information to anterior areas from poste…
comprehension of oral language (recognize speech)
brocas area
motor programming for articulation
motor strip
activates muscles for articulation
80 terms
Brain Structures and Mechanisms for Speech, Language and Hearing
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
somata
Somatotopic Organization
The _____ consists of the cerebral hemispheres, the brainstem…
The ____ consists of nerves from the brainstem, spinal cord,…
Grey matter consists of _____.
A correspondence between the form of the body and its represe…
central nervous system
The _____ consists of the cerebral hemispheres, the brainstem…
peripheral nervous system
The ____ consists of nerves from the brainstem, spinal cord,…
141 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Speech, Hearing and Language Mechanism
Psalm 139:13-16
What systems of the body are used for…
Nervous system
Respiratory system
For You created me in my inmost being; You knit me together i…
nervous, respiratory, articulatory, auditory, and phonatory
deciding what to say
breathing
Psalm 139:13-16
For You created me in my inmost being; You knit me together i…
What systems of the body are used for…
nervous, respiratory, articulatory, auditory, and phonatory
85 terms
Neuro- Central Language Mechanism- Chapter 10
Cerebral cortex contains 2 categories…
Neocortex characteristics: m,r,c,l
Neocortex has __ cell layers. They are:
Neocortex layers are equally prominent…
Neocortex & Allocortex
Most advanced(newest), relatively uniform, 90% cortical areas…
6 layers: Molecular, external granular, external pyramidal, i…
F, not equally prominent
Cerebral cortex contains 2 categories…
Neocortex & Allocortex
Neocortex characteristics: m,r,c,l
Most advanced(newest), relatively uniform, 90% cortical areas…
22 terms
CH. 10 Central Language Mechanism and Learning
What is the ultimate processor of all…
What links cortical and subcortical ar…
Sensory information
Motor information
the brain
billions of neurons and neurological cells
goes in
goes out
What is the ultimate processor of all…
the brain
What links cortical and subcortical ar…
billions of neurons and neurological cells
26 terms
言語の仕組みと構造 Language Mechanism and Structure 日本語3 Japanese 3
language
vocabulary
grammar
paragraph
言語
語彙
文法
段落
language
言語
vocabulary
語彙
66 terms
Counseling for Speech-Language Pathologists: Defense Mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms
adaption to situations or by distortio…
therapy
Automatic, Involuntary mental processes that people use as pr…
_____________:... - everybody uses these... - there are several dif…
People are unaware they use defense mechanisms because they p…
A clinician should not interfere with a person's defense mech…
Defense Mechanisms
Automatic, Involuntary mental processes that people use as pr…
Defense Mechanisms
_____________:... - everybody uses these... - there are several dif…
27 terms
Module 9: Hearing & Language (The Auditory Mechanism)
Identify the 2 parts of the outer ear
The 3 functions of the outer ear
The 2 things about the pinna
The 2 things about the external audito…
Pinna & External auditory canal
1) captures sound... 2) focuses sound... 3) filters sound
1) captures sound & amplifies it by funneling into the other…
1) allows sound to enter skull cavity... 2) directs sound to the…
Identify the 2 parts of the outer ear
Pinna & External auditory canal
The 3 functions of the outer ear
1) captures sound... 2) focuses sound... 3) filters sound
5 terms
Statistical language learning: Mechanisms and constraints (Saffron reading)
mechanisms underlying the acquisition…
Can learning oriented theories account…
the statistical learning in language s…
Learned: ... Word segmentation (cannot be…
Statistical properties of linguistic input to discover struct…
...
...
...
mechanisms underlying the acquisition…
Statistical properties of linguistic input to discover struct…
Can learning oriented theories account…
...
20 terms
final exam- central language mechanism chapter
perisylvian cortex
neurologic components of perisylvian c…
function of Broca's area
function of motor strip
where major neurologic components are situated.
-Broca's Area, Wernicke's Area, Supramarginal gyrus, angular…
motor programming for articulation
activation of muscles for articulation
perisylvian cortex
where major neurologic components are situated.
neurologic components of perisylvian c…
-Broca's Area, Wernicke's Area, Supramarginal gyrus, angular…
40 terms
Anatomy of Speech, Language, Hearing Mechanism Test 2
Spoken communication is both _____ and…
Phonation is a product of what?
Vocal folds are __ layers of issue wit…
Space between the vocal folds (for air…
Voiced, voiceless
Vibrating vocal folds in the larynx
5; muscle (thyrovocalis muscle)
The glottis
Spoken communication is both _____ and…
Voiced, voiceless
Phonation is a product of what?
Vibrating vocal folds in the larynx
36 terms
Language Arts 700 - Unit 6: Mechanics and Structure of English
Select the sentence which is correctly…
Something written or printed that give…
Select the sentence which is correctly…
Select the sentence which is correctly…
Have you ever seen the Pacific Ocean?
document
World War II was fought in the twentieth century.
I asked Mother if my father was home yet
Select the sentence which is correctly…
Have you ever seen the Pacific Ocean?
Something written or printed that give…
document
15 terms
Grammar: Types of Sentences, Phrases, Clauses, Mechanics, Language Usage
Declarative Sentence
Imperative Sentence
Exclamatory Sentence
Interrogative Sentence
In grammar, the type of sentence that "declares" something, m…
Gives a direct command.... Ex: "Go clean your room right now."
Is more forceful than a declarative. It ends in an (!).... Ex: "…
A sentence that asks a question. Uses (?).... Ex: "Can I go home…
Declarative Sentence
In grammar, the type of sentence that "declares" something, m…
Imperative Sentence
Gives a direct command.... Ex: "Go clean your room right now."
61 terms
Module 6: Central Language Mechanisms and Higher Cortical Functions
Sensory cortex (areas of brain)
Motor cortex (areas of brain)
Unimodal Association Cortex
Multimodal Association Cortex
Primary somatosensory cortex... Primary auditory cortex... Primary…
Primary motor cortex... Pre-motor area... Supplementary motor area
>Visual, auditory, and somatosensory areas... >Deals with one ty…
Parietal association cortex & Pre-frontal cortex... >Largest and…
Sensory cortex (areas of brain)
Primary somatosensory cortex... Primary auditory cortex... Primary…
Motor cortex (areas of brain)
Primary motor cortex... Pre-motor area... Supplementary motor area
70 terms
Module 6 Central Language Mechanisms and Higher Cortical Functions
Higher Cortical Functions
Primary sensory cortices receive proje…
Franz Gall
Paul Broca and Karl Wernicke
Capacities of thought which have reached their most complex l…
thalamus
Phrenology (reading bumps on the head -- localizing functions…
Language and cerebral dominance
Higher Cortical Functions
Capacities of thought which have reached their most complex l…
Primary sensory cortices receive proje…
thalamus
36 terms
Organic Chemistry as a Second Language: Chapter 8 - Mechanisms
_____ reactions represent most (95%) o…
While curved arrows in drawing resonan…
While single bonds _____ be broken in…
Many mechanisms have a step in which a…
ionic
-physical processes... -flow of electrons
CANNOT... CAN
-nucleophile... -electrophile
_____ reactions represent most (95%) o…
ionic
While curved arrows in drawing resonan…
-physical processes... -flow of electrons
53 terms
Brain Structures and Mechanisms for Speech, Language and Hearing (Part II)
Basal Ganglia
Voluntary movement, Motor planning and…
Through the thalamus (no)
A loop between the cortex, striatum (c…
Includes the... caudate nucleus,... putamen, globus... pallidus,... subth…
What are the (4) functions of the basal ganglia?
How does the basal ganglia transmit signals to the cortex? (D…
Describe the cortico-striatal-cortical loop.
Basal Ganglia
Includes the... caudate nucleus,... putamen, globus... pallidus,... subth…
Voluntary movement, Motor planning and…
What are the (4) functions of the basal ganglia?
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